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JEROM BUSLEIDEN, was born at Arlon in Luxemburgh. Being introduced by a brother to the court of Charles W., he became master of therequests, and counsellor to the sovereign council of Mecklin. He was employed in embassies to Pope Julius II., and the kings Francis I., and Henry VIII. He was a man of distinguished literary attainments, and an intimate friend of the learned of the age, particularly Erasmus and Sir Thomas More. He founded in the university of Touraine the college of the Three Tongues, for the teaching of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. Being sent by the emperor into Spain, in 1517, he fell ill on the journey, and died at Bourdeaux. The only writing of his remaining, is a letter prefixed to More's Utopia. DONALD MONRO, an ingenious writer, author of “Description of the Hebrides or Western Isles, with Genealogies of Chief Clans of the Isles,” a little work which is mentioned with applause by Buchanan. It was published at Edinburgh in 1772, and re-printed in 1805. ANDREW DE LA VIGNE, a French writer, who bore arms under Charles VIII., and was secretary to his queen, Anne of Brittany. In conjunction with Jaligni, he composed a “History of Charles VIII.” folio, printed at the Louvre, under the care and with the notes of Denis Godefroy. He also wrote “Vergier d’Honneur,” Paris, 1495, containing an exact account of the expedition of Charles VIII. against Naples, at which he was present. JOHN TIXIER, a person of literary character in France, was lord of Ravisy, in the Nivernois, and educated in the college of Navarre, at Paris, where he taught the belles lettres, and whence issued many of his publications for the use of his students. In 1500, he was appointed rector of the university at Paris, and he died, as some say, in the hospital, in 1522. JOHN DESPAUTER, a grammarian, was a native of Pi— nove in Flanders, and died at Comines in 1520. He had lost the use of one eye, but Vossius said of him, that he saw clearer into the grammatical art with one eye, than all his contemporaries with two. His work entitled “Joan Despauterii Commentarii grammatici,” printed at Paris by Robert Stephens, folio, 1537, is very scarce and valuable. SILVESTER MOZZOLINO, a celebrated Italian dominican monk, better known by the name of Silvester de Prierio, a village in the territory of Asti, where he was born in the year 1460. He entered the order when he was fifteen years of age, and became one of its greatest ornaments. He filled the chair of theological professor in the principal universities of Italy; was frequently elected prior; and was once appointed vicargeneral of the congregation of Lombardy. Afterwards he was called to Rome, where he was promoted to the high post of master of the sacred conclave, and made general of his order. He died of the plague in 1520, when he was about sixty years of age. Notwithstanding his numerous avocations, he devoted a considerable share of his time to study, and produced several works which met with a very favourable reception from the public.
JOHN FRANCIS BURANA, a native of Verona, who read lectures on logic and moral philosophy, with great reputation at Bologna. He was a follower of Aristotle, and translated some of the Arabian Commentaries on the Stagyrite, which were printed after his death, in 1533, folio.
DOMENICO GRIMANI, cardinal, son of Anthony Grimani, procurator of St. Mark, and afterwards doge of Venice., was born at Venice, in 1460. He was early employed by the republic, and in 1493, was raised to the purple by pope Alexander VI. He has merited commemoration by the piety he displayed towards his father, who, having been commander of a fleet, and defeated by the Turks, was imprisoned and treated with great rigour. The son offered to take his place, which being refused, he waited upon him in prison, and rendered him every possible service. Antony at length receiving sentence of banishment, retired to Rome, where his son paid him every attention capable of alleviating his affliction, till he was enabled to return to Venice. The cardinal was an eminent
}>atron of letters and the fine arts. He collected a choice ibrary consisting of eight thousand volumes in all languages, which at his death he bequeathed to the canons regular of St. Salvadore in Venice. He also made a fine collection of statues, and other remains of antiquity, which, augmented by his nephew John, patriarch of Aquileia, was presented by both to the republic of Venice. He was a patron of learned men, and translated from Greek into Latin some homilies of Chrysostom. He died in 1523.
AGOSTINI CHISI, or CHIGI, or GHISI, was born at Sienna, and became a merchant at Rome. He was a true friend to letters and arts. He built at Rome a splendid mansion in the Transtavere, which he decorated with works in painting and sculpture, by the greatest artists of the time. He employed his wealth in encouraging every branch of the fine arts, and likewise devoted himself to the restoration of ancient learning. Among the learned men whom he distinguished by his particular favour, was Cornelio Benigno of Viterbo, who under his patronage, produced at Zaccaria Calliergo's press, a fine edition of the works of Pindar, 1515, 4to. the first Greek book printed at Rome. Chisi not only vied with the Roman pontiff's in his patronage of letters, and of the arts, but also in the luxury of his table. He died about the year 15SO. Pope Paul III., drove the family of Chisi from Rome, and annexed their mansion to the Farnese palace, whence it has since been called the Farnesina. In the next century, however, the family of Chisi rose to pontifical honours in the person of Alexander VII., Fabio Chisi, or Chigni, who established it in great credit. Zenobio Acciaioli, a learned Dominican, of the same family with Donatus Acciaioli, continued to enjoy the office of library-keeper to pope Leo X., from the year 1518, to his death in 1520, as some say, in 1537, according toothers, at the age of 58. He learned Greek and Hebrew towards the close of his life, translated several of the fathers, and wrote several orations and poems, sermons on the Epiphany, and some other pieces. He likewise collected a volume of Politian's Greek epigrams, which were published in 1405.
GIOVANNI PICO, or JOHN PIC US, of Mirandola, one of the most extraordinary persons of his time, surnamed the Phoenix, was the third son of Gianfranchesco Pico, prince of Mirandola and Concordia. He was born in 1463, and almost from his childhood displayed an eager attachment to literature. At the age of 14 he was sent to Bologna to study canon law, but after spending two years there, he set out to visit the most celebrated schools in Italy and France. He went to Ferrara, where he was kindly received by his relation, duke Hercules I., and studied under Batista Guarino. He had a great readiness in acquiring languages, and is said to have thoroughly understood twenty-two by the time he was 18 years of age. This is probably an exaggeration. After he had employed seven years in his academical tour, he returned to Rome, at the age of twenty-three. There he posted up 900 propositions appertaining to dialectics, morals, physics, mathematics, &c, offering to dispute with any antagonist whomsoever, upon any one of them. This caused him to be looked upon with envy and jealousy, none daring to accept his challenge. Thirteen of his propositions were, however, accused before the Pope as contrary to sound doctrine. He published an elaborate defence of them, addressed to Lorenzo de Medicis, and after putting him to a considerable deal of trouble in justifying himself, he was acquitted of all blame. The effect of the anxiety produced by this business caused a total change his course of fife, and though young, rich, elegant in person, and in manners, and in some degree habituated to pleahe gave himself up to devotion, and confined his future lies to theological subjects. He fixed his abode in Florence, where he enjoyed the intimacy of several illustrious characters, among whom was Lorenzo de Medicis, who testified his affection for him by calling him to a parting embrace Ion his death-bed. His high reputation caused him to be thought of for the cardinalate, but it does not appear that any utepB were taken to advance him to that dignity. At this
I period he had a most enthusiastic desire to be useful, and he ;
resolved to distribute all his property among the poor, and travel barefooted through the world to preach the Gospel. An early death, at the age of 32, put an end to his projects. The writings of Pico display an acute genius, and a vast extent of learning, but they added very little to true science. His principal works are " Hexaplus, or an Explanation of the Six Days of the Creation," "Adversus Astrologiam Divini tricem;" Epistolarum, lib. VIII.
- MARCEL VIRGIL ADRIANI, chancellor of the republic at Florence, was born in 1464. He was an elegant scholar in the Greek and Latin languages, which is proved by his masterly translation of Dioscorides, from the former into the latter, with a commentary. He died in 1521.
GIOVANNI ANTONIO FLAMITO, a learned Italian, was a native of Imola, and born in 1464. He taught the belle* lettres at Bologna, where he died in 1534. He wrote Latin poems, epistles, and the lives of St. Dominic, Albertus, Magnus, &c.
• CONRAD PEUTINGER, a German, eminent in literature, was born at Augsburg, in 1465. He received his education in the principal universities of Italy. In the year 1493 the senate of Augsburg appointed him to the secretaryship of the city, and he was its deputy at the diets held during the reign of the emperor Maximilian. After the death of the emperor in 1519, he was sent to Bruges to compliment Charles V. on his accession to the empire. He was through almost the whole of a long life an active and useful member of the state to which he belonged, and died in the year 1547, at the age of 82, having passed his latter years in a state of second childhood. He left a large and well chosen library, which remained many years in the family, but which finally came to the Jesuits of Augsburg. The works of Peutinger are—1. Sermones Conviviales. 2. De Inclinatione Romani imperii, et gentium commigrationibus. 3. De rebus Gothorum, folio. 4. Romanse vetustatis fragmenta, folio.
PETER CRINITUS, or more properly PETER RICCI, a learned Italian, descended from the noble family of the Ricci; and born in 1465. He became an associate in the literary and convivial meetings at the palace of the Medici at Florence and after the death of Lorenzo still continued to enjoy the society of Picus and Politian, till the death of these eminent scholars, in 1494. He died in 1505. Before his death he endured a long affliction, on which he wrote a beautiful and pathetic Latin ode, in which he resigned himself to his untimely fate, but asserted his claim to the esteem of posterity for his uprightness of life and conduct. He wrote the lives of the Latin poets, and a piece entitled " De Honesta Disciplina." WILLIAM LILYE, the grammarian, was born in 1466, at Oldham, in Hampshire; and in 1486, was admitted a semicommoner of Magdalen college, in Oxford. Having taken the degree of A. B. he left the university, and travelled to Jerusalem. Returning thence, he continued five years in Rhodes, where he studied the Greek; several learned men having retired thither after the taking of Constantinople. From Rhodes he travelled to Rome, where he improved himself in the Greek and Latin languages, under Sulpitius and P. Sabinus. He then returned to London, where for some time he taught a private grammar school, being the first person who taught Greek in that city. In 1510, when Dr. Colet founded St. Paul's school, Lilye was appointed the first master; at which time he was married, and had many children. In this employment he had laboured 12 years, when, being seized , by the plague, which then raged in London, he died in Feb. 1523, and was buried in St. Paul's. He had the character of an excellent grammarian, and a successful teacher of the learned languages. He published several works.
JOHN AVENTINE, was born in 1466, at Abensperg, in Bavaria. He studied first at Ingolstadt, and afterwards at Paris. In 1503, he taught eloquence and poetry at Vienna; and in 1507, he taught Greek at Cracow, in Poland. In 1509, he read lectures on Cicero, at Ingolstadt; and in 1512, was appointed preceptor to the princes Lewis and Ernest, sons of Albert the Wise, duke Bavaria; and travelled with the latter. After this he wrote the annals of Bavaria, being encouraged by the dukes, who settled a pension upon him. This work gained great reputation, and was first published in 1554, by Jerome Ziegler, professor of poetry in the university of Ingolstadt; and afterwards at Basil, in 1)580, by Nicholas Cisner. In 1529, he was forcibly taken_ojil.of his sister's house at Abensperg, and hurried to jail; the true cause of which violence was never known; but it would probably have been carried to a much greater length, had not the duke of Bavaria interposed, and taken this learned man under his protection. Mr. Bayle remarks, that the incurable melancholy, which from this time possessed Aventine, was so far from determining him to lead a life of celibacy, as he had done till he was 64, that it induced him to think of marrying. He advised, however, with two of hi* friends, and consulted certain passages of the Bible relative to marriage. The result was, that it was best for him to marry; and having already lost too mnch time, considering his age, he took the first woman he met with, who happened to be his own maid, ill-tempered, ugly, and extremely poor. He died in 1534, aged 68; leaving one daughter, who was then only two months old. His other publications are—Chronica Bavarifle; Henrici rv\, vita, &c; Chronicon, sive Annales Schirense»; VOL. IV. T