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his followers, the most virulent language. Emser died suddenly, November 8th, 1527, and his works soon after him.

RICHARD FOX, an eminent prelate, the munificent founder of Corpus Christi college, Oxford, was born at Ropesley, near Grantham, in Lincolnshire. His parents were not rich, but they exerted themselves to give Richard a good education, and at a proper age sent him to Magdalen college, Oxford, where he was acquiring distinction for his extraordinary proficiency, when the plague, which happened to break out about that time, obliged him to go to Cambridge, and continue his studies at Pembroke hall. From Cambridge he repaired to the university at Paris, and studied divinity and the canon law; and here, probably, he received his doctor's degree. This visit gave a new and important turn to his life, and introduced that eminence which he preserved for many years as a statesman. In Paris, he obtained the notice and friendship of Dr. Morton, bishop of Ely, who had been driven from his native soil by the persecutions of the infamous Richard III. It was by the means of this prelate, that Fox, who had been created doctor, was introduced to Henry, earl of Richmond, who was at that time projecting a scheme to dethrone Richard. Dr. Fox entered into his views, was admitted into his most secret counsels, and undertook and accomplished that part of the plan which was entrusted to him. After Henry had gained the crown of England, as the result of the victory of Bosworth Field, he appointed Dr. Fox one of his privy counsellors, and next to Dr. Morton admitted him to the greatest share of his confidence and familiarity. Besides other instances of preferment, he was nominated, in 1486-7, bishop of Exeter, appointed keeper of the privy seal, made principal secretary of state, and master of St. Cressy, near Winchester. From this time, notwithstanding his high station in the church, Dr. Fox was constantly engaged by his sovereign, either in the management of public affairs at home, or on important foreign embassies. In 1491, he was translated from Exeter to the bishopric of Bath and Wells, whence he was afterwards removed to Durham, in 1494. He was now sent on an embassy to James IV. of Scotland, to terminate some differences respecting the fisheries of the river Esk, but with all his ability and address he was unable to effect that purpose. War was commenced by James, who invaded England, but by the exertions of the bishop he was driven back to his own country. Shortly after, Henry appointed bishop Fox his ambassador to the court of Scotland, where he signed a seven years truce between the two kingdoms. Henry now made overtures for a marriage between the king of Scotland and his own daughter Margaret, and Dr. Fox was sent to negociate the important business, which was concluded in the beginning of the year


eving from courttan of public affaiachment, than he

1501-2. During this negociation he was chosen chancellor of the university of Cambridge ; and about the same time translated to the vacant see of Winchester. Here he spent the remainder of his days in great affluence and prosperity, unless when state affairs required his attendance at court, or he was engaged in conducting negociations of moment with foreign powers. During the reign of Henry VII. no important affair was undertaken without his advice and sanction, but when Henry VIII. succeeded to the crown, the influence of bishop Fox began to decline, and that of Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey, began to prevail. To supplant his rival, the bishop introduced Wolsey, one of his chaplains, to court, who speedily succeeded in wholly engrossing the favour of the king. No sooner did he find himself secure of the royal attachment, than he seized the sole administration of public affairs, and found means of driving from court all who could give him any jealousy or uneasiness, by dividing with him the nionarch's esteem. Bishop Fox, though not wholly neglected, was mortified and chagrined at seeing his own interests so completely undermined by Wolsey, whom he had been the means of raising to power, and receiving from him insults and mortifications which his

spirit could not brook, retired to his diocese in discontent and · disgust. Here he did not live for himself alone, but was ever

projecting some plans that might be beneficial to posterity. He founded Corpus Christi college, Oxford, and established schools at Taunton, where he had a manor, as bishop of Winchester, and at Grantham, near his native place. Towards the close of his life, he had the misfortune to lose his sight, of which circumstance, Wolsey, then a cardinal, wished to take advantage, by persuading him to resign his bishopric, and to receive, in its stead, a pension from the crown. Fox, indignant at the proposal, ordered the person sent to him on the business, to tell his master, “that though he was blind, and not able to distinguish white from black, yet he could discern between true and false, right and wrong, and plainly saw, without eyes, the malice of that ungrateful man, which he did not see before; that it behoved the cardinal not to be so blinded with ambition as not to foresee his own end." The bishop died in the year 1528, at a very advanced age, leaving behind him a character very eminent for political sagacity, and the ability and address with which he conducted the most important and difficult state negociations of his time. He has been regarded as a patron of learned men, and is certainly entitled to gratitude on account of the useful institutions which he founded for the encouragement of literature and science. One letter is preserved in Strype's Memorials, which he wrote on the subject of the cardinal's intended general visitation and reformation of the English clergy. That day, he said, he wished

as ardently to see, as Simeon did to behold the Messiah ; and he adds, that for three years past, almost all his studies, labours, thoughts, and cares, had been directed to that object, within his own particular jurisdiction.

MARK ALTAEMPS, son to one of pope Pius IV's. sisters, was one of the cardinals that presided in the council of Trent.

MARTIN DORPIUS, an eminently learned divine, was born at Naaldrwyck, in Holland, and became professor of philosophy in the university of Louvaine. He died in the prime of life, May 31st, 1525. Dorpius wrote against Erasmus's " Praise of Folly.” Erasmus replied with much mildness; and Dorpius who was then a very young man, not only admitted his apology, but became his friend. On his death, Erasmus wrote his epitaph, and deeply lamented him, as a severe loss to the republic of letters. His other works are, 1. Dialogus Veneris et Cupidinis, Herculem ancipitem in suam militiam, invita virtute, propellentium. 2. Complementum Aululariæ Plautinæ. 3. Epistola de Hollandorum moribus. 4. Oratio de laudibus Aristotelis, against Laurentius Valla. ,

JOHN ANDREAS, was born a Moor, or Mahometan, at Xativa, in the kingdom of Valencia, and succeeded his father as alfasqui of that city. Being present during the preaching of a sermon on the day of the assumption of the blessed Virgin, in 1487, he professed himself a convert to Christianity. Upon this he desired to be baptized; in memory of the calling of St. John and St. Andrew, he took the name of John Andreas. “ Having received holy orders,” says he, “and from an alfasqui and a slave of Lucifer, become a priest and minister of Christ, I began, like St. Paul, to preach and publish the contrary of what I had erroneously believed and asserted ; and, with the assistance of Almighty God, I converted, at first, a great many souls of the Moors, who were in danger of hell, and under the dominion of Lucifer, and conducted them into the way of salvation. After this, I was sent for by the most Catholic princes, king Ferdinand and queen Isabella, to preach in Granada, to the Moors of that kingdom, which their majesties conquered; and, by God's blessing, on my preaching, an infinite number of Moors were brought to abjure Mahomet, and turn to Christ. A little after this, I was made a canon by their graces, and sent for again by the most Christian queen Isabella to Arragon, that I might be employed in the conversion of the Moors of those kingdoms, who still persisted in their errors, to the great contempt and dishonour of our crucified Saviour, and the prodigious loss and danger of all princes. But this excellent and pious design of her majesty was rendered ineffectual by her death.” Andreas translated into Spanish the law of the Moors, and wrote a book

entitled the Confusion of the Sect of Mohammed. It has been translated into several languages.

CARDINAL CAJETAN, was born at Cajeta, in Naples, in 1469. His proper name was Thomas Devio ; but he adopted that of Cajetan, from the place of his nativity. He defended the authority of the pope, which suffered greatly at the council of Nice, in a work entitled of the Power of the Pope; and for this work he obtained the bishopric of Cajeta. He was afterwards raised to the archiepiscopal see of Palmero, and in 1517, was made a cardinal by pope Leo X. The year after, he was sent as legate into Germany, to quiet the commotions raised against indulgences by Martin Luther; but Luther, under protection of Frederic elector of Saxony, set him at defiance; for though he obeyed the cardinal's summons in repairing to Augsburg, yet he rendered all his proceedings ineffectual. Cajetan was employed in several other negociations and transactions, being as ready at business as at letters. He died in 1534. Sixtus Senensis tells us, that he was a most subtle logician, an admirable philosopher, and an incomparable divine. He wrote commentaries upon Aristotle's philosophy, and upon Thomas Aquinas's theology; the latter, however, is by no means calculated to give us a favourable idea of his logic, or his perspicuity. He gave a literal translation of all the books of the Old and New Testaments from the originals, excepting Solomon's Song and the Prophets, which he had begun, but did not live to proceed far in; and the Revelation of St. John, which he designedly omitted, saying, that to explain them, it was necessary for a man to be endued, not with parts and learning, but with the spirit of prophecy.

MARK ANTHONY DE DOMINIS, 'archbishop of Spalatra, in Dalmatia, was a man whose fickleness in religion proved his ruin. His preferment, instead of attaching him to the church of Rome, rendered him disaffected to it. Becoming acquainted with bishop Bedell, while chaplain to Sir Henry Wotton, ambassador from James I., at Venice; he dedicated his book De Republica Ecclesiastica to him, which was afterwards published at London, with Bedell's corrections. He came to England with Bedell, where he was received with great respect, and preached and wrote against the Romish religion. He is said to have had a principal hand in publishing father Paul's History of the Council of Trent, at London, which was inscribed to king James, in 1619. But on the promotion of pope Gregory XIV., who had been his school-fellow and old acquaintance, he was deluded by Gondomar the Spanish ambassador, in the hopes of procuring a cardinal's hat, by which he fancied he should prove an instrument of great reformation in the church. Accordingly he returned to Rome in 16:22, re

which being in letter to the rest first well re

canted his errors, and was at first well received ; but he afterwards wrote a letter to England, repenting his recantations; which being intercepted, he was imprisoned by pope Urban VIII., and died in 1625. He was the author of the first philosophical explanation of the rainbow, which before his time was accounted a prodigy.

LAWRENCE AZZOLINI, secretary to pope Urban VIII., and bishop of Narni, died 1532. He wrote an admired satire against debauchery.

AUGUSTIN GIUSTINIANI, a learned prelate, born of a noble family at Genoa, in 1470. He entered into the order of preachers at Pavia, in 1488, on which occasion he changed his baptismal name of Peter for Augustin. In 1514, he was made bishop of Nebbio, in Corsica. He was editor in 1516 of the Psalter, in four languages, the Hebrew, Greek, Arabic, and Chaldee, with three Latin interpretations and glosses; which was the first of the Polyglot editions of the books of Scripture. The reputation he acquired by this work caused him to be invited to Paris by Francis I., who gave him a pension, and appointed him to the first professorship of oriental languages in that university, which office he held five years. He collected a very choice library, rich in Oriental, Greek, and Latin MSS. which he afterwards presented to the republic of Genoa. After leaving France, he went to his diocese, and employed himself for some years in pastoral cares, improving its revenues, building an Episcopal palace, and performing all the duties of a good pastor. On passing the sea to his bishopric in 1536, he was lost with the ship. This prelate revised and edited the treatise of Porchetti, entitled - Victoria adversus impios Judæos." After his death was published his“ Annals of the Republic of Genoa," from the foundation of the city to the year 1528.

HUGH LATIMER, an excellent English prelate, and one of the leaders of that glorious army of martyrs who introduced the Reformation into this country. He was descended of frugal and industrious parents, who rented a small farm at Thurcaston, in Leicestershire. Hugh was the only son, but there was a family of six daughters. In one of his court sermons, in Edward's time, Latimer inveighing against the nobility and gentry, and speaking of the moderation of landiords a few years before, and the plenty in which their tenants lived, tells his audience, in his familiar way, that, “ upon a farm of four pounds a year, at the utmost, his father tilled as much ground as kept half a dozen men; that he had it stocked with a hundred sheep and thirty cows; that he found the king a man and horse, himself remembering to have buckled on his father's harness when he went to Blackheath; that he gave his daughters five pounds a-piece at marriage; that he lived hospitably among his neigh

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