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He relates many adventures in Ire “ The first question was, What is land : for example,
“Next morning I took the coach “I answered in high Tipperara, for Drummore, and attended the mar •Why sure, and it's John M'Colgan.' ket there. I snibbed a lil from a co “ One of the bulkies said, “Och, nish cove's suck, but I only found we're mistaken!' some letters in it. I threw it away ; “ The magistrate continued, Where and I afterwards heard that there was
are you from? a hundred pounds screave inclosed in ««Why súre, please your honour, one of the letters, the lil having been I am from Armagh !' found and returned to its owner.
“ • What place there?' “ I returned to Belfast, where I re “Why sure, the town.' mained a week, principally engaged in 6 • What part of the town ?' card-playing; but I found the boys “ Right opposite the market-house.' were very expert, and the first day or • He then cross-examined
and two I lost about nine screaves. I soon handing me the Dublin
called however got into their way of playing. the Hue and Cry, pointing to a para
“I attended the next market at graph with a description of my person, Drummore, accompanied by John Mul- and an offer of reward for me, asked, len, and John R–, two Belfast snibs; if that was not my name ? but the day being very wet, we could “ I said, I had told my name ; if he do nothing till towards evening. Mul- was not pleased with it he might let it len and I accosted a horse-dealer, pre- alone. tending to buy a prad. I priced it, and 6 He then informed me I must be Mullen kept him in gammon as to its detained. age, while I undubbed two tuigs and “ I answered, that I had no objeca bengy, and got the lil to the mouth of tion to be detained, if I knew what it the suck, when he up with his whip was for. and struck me. I returned the blow " He said it was on account of the with my whip, Mullen joined, a terri- paragraph he had shown me. ble milvadering took place, and the “. Sure, sir,' said I,“ that's a Scotchprad cove finding himself worsted, man. I never was in Scotland in my made off. Mullen was pulled a few life ; but if you detain me it must be minutes afterwards upon suspicion, for at your own expense.' another affair of his own.
6 He then ordered three yeomen to “ When I first arrived at Belfast sit up with me all night along with the from Scotland, I saw Robert Platt, bulkies, in the court room ; and rewho had been confined in Dumfries turned, after having witnessed a strict jail while I was there. He happened search of my person. Nothing was to be attending Drummore market that got upon me but a 208. note and some day, and was pulled for thieving; and silver. with the view of getting his liberty, *. I now thought that all was over gave information that he had seen Hag- wit! e, and determined to make a gart, the murderer, from Scotland, at desperate struggle to regain my liberty, the market that day. The bulkies, or perish in the attempt. I plied the dazzled with the expectation of taking yeomen and bulkies with plenty of me, pulled every one they had the budge, and they were very civil to me. smallest suspicion of; and while I was About 11 o'clock at night I prevailed sitting in a public house, the bulkies on them to allow an acquaintance to came in, and pulled two lads who were bring me some supper.
When the sitting next box to me. Little did I young woman came, I asked leave to dream what they were after. In a few speak to her for a minute, behind the minutes after this I saw Platt peep in boxes in the court, where there was a at the room door, and instantly four large window. They granted me my bulkies sprang upon me, and dragged request ; and taking a harlequin leap, me before a magistrate.
I bolted right through the window, and
lighted upon the street, without being was asked my name, and where I was either cut by the glass or hurt by the from? I answered, Daniel O'Brien ; fall. I crossed the street to an oppo. I came from Armagh.' site entry, and immediately saw the 6.Did you take this man's money?" whole of my keepers below the win «• Troth, if I had taken it, I woulddow staring at each other, not know. n't have told you; but sure I know ing what to do. At last one of them nothing about it.' said, “By jappers, we were tould he “ He told me I was a very insolent was the boy. Another said, “ Arra, fellow. I answered that there were he's the broth of a boy, but we'll fol- two of us ; if he was not an insolent low him yet.' They all went off and fellow, he would not ask any person I took the road to Belfast, and soon got such a question. The Drover made there, having run 15 Irish miles in two oath that I had taken his money, and I hours and a quarter. I kept close next was committed to Downpatrick quoad, day, and the following morning I took to stand trial at the next assizes. the coach for Newry, passing through “When I entered Downpatrick jail, Drummore on my way."
the jailor accosted me with, “Och ! At a future time he states, “I went how are you, Arthur ?' down to the Pigeon-House, where I “ • Sure,' said I pretty well; how paid 31. 10s. for a passage to America. are you yourself ?' But, ill luck betide me! I changed my “* How long is it since you were mind, and lost my passage rather than here before, Arthur ?' cross the Atlantic.”
“. Sure your books will tell better Justice was not to be defrauded, and than I can. the means which led to her being final “ I was taken to the back jail, and ly satisfied are curious. After St. he said, Och, boy, I'll put you into Patrick's day, which he made unusu- your old room, where you was before; ally productive, he left Newry on foot, it's the best room in the jail.? by himself
, with the intention (he re “ I humoured the mistake, and took lates) “ of going to Belfast to take it all very well. I soon found my
felshipping for France. I got the length low prisoners a rum set of boys. To of Castle William, where unfortunate- describe their dress would be impossily for myself, I heard of a fair to be ble. The most of them, had they atheld next day at Clough, about 6 or 8 tempted to undress, would have been miles distance. I resolved to remain puzzled to find their way into their and practise my profession for the last duds again ; few had either a mill time in Britain. It was the last time, tuig, toper, or crabs. These high flyindeed! I accordingly repaired to the ers had all their fancy blones, and I ground, and had not been long there, was not long till I was equal with when I observed a pigeon-drover plank- them. There was one above me whom ing a lay of screaves in his keek cloy« I used to whid ; there was a hole in I priced one of his pigs, but, as usual, the roof of my cell through which I we could not make a bargain ; but, handed her plenty of focus, budge, having got an opportunity, I forked the and in short part of every thing. One blunt, and left him, and had just got day, after provisions had been served time to plank the screaves in the neck out (for we got three days' pick at a of my tuig, and return to the ground, time) the boys and I agreed to block when I was seized by the drover and up the passage which led to our aparttwo of his companions. I was charg- ments, and break through to the blones. ed with the theft, and, of course denied They began to block up the door with the charge. Having been strictly forms and tables ; but I not approving searched, none of his money was found of that way, began with a spade to lift upon me; but he persisted in the ac- the flags of the floor, and they all in a cusation, and said he would take his moment joined with me. We built oath I was the person who had taken up the door so completely, that they it. I was taken before a magistrate, were unable to get at us :
we then and underwent an examination. I broke through to the blones, and secur
ed their door in the same manner, and present crime, for he could assure them kept the premises for two days. Dur- that I was an old offender, and at all ing this time we gave way to every events to return a verdict of guilty of wickedness ; and of all the scenes of felony at large. I sprang up and demy short and evil life, none ever came clared I was getting no justice, and up to the jail of Downpatrick. said there was no proof of my being a
“ After we had spent two days in felon ; and added, “How can I be the most riotous manner with the wo- brought in as a felon, when not a sinmen up stairs, we were secured. I gle witness has made oath to it?' was seized and locked closely up in a “ The judge, in a violent rage,
said cell, and kept in confinement till the that he would make oath if necessary; day before my trial.
and the jury in a moment returned a “ A prison is the blackest and wick- verdict of Guilty of felony at large.' edest place in the world. Many a I was then sentenced to lag for seven poor boy is brought to the gallows at stretch ; but the judge at the same time last, because his first offence is punish- telling me, that if I would produce my ed with imprisonment. This teaches father, and show to him that he had him evil ways; whereas, if he had mistaken me, he would change the senbeen well flogged and sent home to tence to twelve months imprisonment.? his parents, he might have turned out a I told him I would rather go abroad good man. I cannot say that my bad than let my friends know any thing habits were learned in jail, but I am about the matter ; that he was sending sure they were confirmed there.
me among pickpockets, where I would “ While I was in jail I sent for the likely learn the art myself, and the first pig-drover, and made the matter up man's pocket I would pick on my rewith him, by returning his blunt, and turn would be his. two screaves additional to sweeten him, “ I have been twice tried for my life and he promised to say nothing against in Scotland. The first time I got more me on my patter."
than justice, for I was acquitted. The He kept his word; but the judge he second time I got justice, for I was describes as preventing his acquittal convicted. But in Ireland I got no through a mistake. He had made a justice at all; for at Downpatrick there good defence :
was none to speak for me but the “ The judge then asked me, “Don't judge, and he spoke against me.” you come from Armagh, sir? and have In gaol he is recognized as McColyou not a father and brother ?"
gan, put into heavy irons, and remov“ I answered that I had both. ed to Kilmainham. Thence he tried
6 • All of your own profession- to escape. pickpockets 1' replied the judge.
“ When I arrived there I was put “ I said he was perfectly mistaken, among a great number of convicts of for neither they nor I was ever guilty every description. I was but a few of such a thing. I was right as to lays there when I thought of effecting them, but I will leave the world to my escape, and began digging the back judge with what truth I spoke of my- wall, with the assistance of a number self. The judge, in an angry tone, of others, having first secured the ensaid, “Will you hold up your face and trance-door to our apartment. But tell me that, sir ? Was you not tried some of the prisoners who did not care before me ten days ago at Dundalk, about joining us, gave information, and, and about four years ago at Carrick- being the first man who made any apfergus? I know you well and all your pearance through the hole, I got a bat family.'
from the outside with a shillela, the “ I declared that I never was before mark of which is still very visible, and a court in my life till then, and sure disfigures my right eye-brow. The enough I never was before him. boys rushed after me; but having still
“ He then addressed the jury; he a high wall to get over, we were all sesaid it did not signify whether they cured by a party of soldiers, and lockwere clear of my being guilty of the ed up in our cells.
5 A few hours after this, I called out I was taken to the head police-office, of my cell window to two very beauti- and heavily loaded with irons. ful young women, accused of the mur- iron belt was fixed round my waist, der of a young lady, in Dublin. They with my wrists joined to each side of were sisters, and their name was Bridg- it ; a chain passed from the front of et. I felt much for their situation and the belt and joined the centre of the shivered when I looked at them, as my chain, each end of which was padlockown hands had been redded with the ed round my ankles, and a chain passblood of man. I gave them such seri- ed from each wrist to each ankle. In ous advice as a poor guilty wretch this dreadful state of torture and concould. They were afterwards con- finement, I was conducted by John demned and executed.
Richardson, and Robinson, an Irish of“While in close conversation with ficer, to Dumfries. We were three these unfortunate girls, my cell door days and two nights upon the road, and opened and the dub cove found fault all the time I never had my hand to with me for interfering with them, and my mouth, and was fed like a sucking told me to be silent.
I said to him I turkey in Bedlam, and treated like a would not be silent for him as I was do- helpless infant. As to these officers, ing nothing improper; for I was much never could man behave more tenderly interested in these poor creatures, whose to his own son than they both did to me. situation was so much like my own. I had known John Richardson before, He ordered me down from the window; and had long been acquainted with his I refused, and said that if he came near humane disposition, which was tried me, I would batter him like a pigeon- and proved on this occasion. We house door. He went away, but in a travelled a good way on the road before few minutes returned, and ordered me I would acknowledge that ever I had down stairs to my room.
On going seen John; but I saw that it was of no out of the cell door, I was seized by use to keep up my pretended ignotwo men, and a pair of hippers were rance any longer. clapped on my hands, and a horrible “On our approach towards Dumthing, called a mouth-joke, put upon fries, which was in the dark, there were my head. I came down with iron bars many thousands of people on the road, both before and behind my head, the many of them with torches in their front bar having a thick iron tongue hands, waiting my arrival; and when which entered my mouth. In this sit- I got to the gaol-door, it was scarcely uation I was put back to my cell. In possible to get me out of the coach for the course of an hour the turnkey the multitude all crowding for a sight came to me, and said, 'You'll hold of HaGGART THE MURDERER. Some your tongue now, when you can't seemed sorry, and some terrified for speak.' I could give him no answer. me; but there was not one of them He then took the joke off my head, and all so sorry or terrified as I was.
I repeated the question ; I said, “I will plunged through them, rattling my for a while :' and on his going out of chains, and making a great show of my cell, I resumed my seat in the win- courage, but my heart was shaking at dow, and remained there the rest of the the thoughts of poor Morrin. As I day, singing the most profane songs I went up the narrow stair to the cells, could think of. Even the fear of the I had to pass the very spot where I iron helmet of Kilmainham could not struck him; and, oh ! it was like fire keep me quiet. But there was some- under my feet.” thing waiting for me far worse ; and, 66 All that man could do was done if i had known it, it would have for me at my trial, and I had good brought down my heart, strong and hopes till the Judge began to speak; wicked as it was."
but then my spirits fell, for his speakThis was the arrival of John Rich- ing was sore against me. I did not alardson, and his recognition of him as together despair when I saw the jury Haggart. His fate now rapidly closes. talking together—but oh! when they
“On the evening of the second day, said Guilty, my very heart broke; but
I was even then too proud to show my
“ On 29th of May, 1821, I visited David feelings, and I almost bit my lip through he allowed me to examine the developement
Haggart in gaol. After some conversation, in hiding them. When the Judge was of his head. The character indicated by it passing the awful sentence, I turned. was different from the opinions I had been dizzy, and gasped for breath. They previously led to form by reading in the say I looked careless, but they could newspapers the details of his delinquencies. not see within me. I did not know did not lead to a knowledge of his disposi
The conversation was quite general and what had happened, or where I was tions. Being before trial, he was extremely I thought of every thing in a minute guarded in his remarks, and we were equal-I thought of my father – I thought of ly delicate in not pressing him to make dismy mother, who died of a broken heart tioned to him the feelings and powers which
closures. On going over his head, I men-I thought of escape, and very near it indicated, but he made no remarks as to made a plunge over the heads of the the correctness or incorrectness of the obcrowd—then I could have cried out. servations. On telling him that he had a When the sentence was over, I gather- nevolence and justice than I had anticipat
greater developement of the organs of beed my thoughts, and my heart was as ed, his countenance softened, and he almost hard as ever; for I said, “ Well ! the shed a tear. On concluding he gave a look man that is born to be hanged, will not full of subdued emotion, yet of confident be drowned !" This was very wicked, discovering character from the form of the
sagacity; and alluding to the possibility of but I could not help it, for I had not head, said, “Well, that is one thing that I the command of my thoughts or words.” did not know before.” After his condem
Haggart was executed shortly after. nation, when it was to be expected that his Edinburgh, in modesty, calls itself mind would be subdued to sincerity by the
certain prospect of death, I sent him a the modern Athens, and of course sci- sketch of the character which his cerebral ence must have its display, even on the organization indicated, and requested him to head of a thief. Haggart was induced add his remarks. The sketch was written to submit to a craniological examina- on one side of the paper, and his
tions were added on the other. G. C.” tion, and the results are given in an appendix, as ludicrous as any farce that
The ridiculous can go no farther ever followed a tragedy. The cranio
than the quæries and answers that follogist, Mr. G. Combe, W. S. gravely low. --Craniology has here given a announces :
POEMS, &c. BY THOMAS CAREW.*
en If that olde bokes were awaie,
The amatory poets to maturity ; it is capable of receiving , our own country in the present day, the highest polish, and yet it expresses ise as superior to those of Elizabeth, in the simplest and the most natural sen- their peculiar vocation, as the latter timents. It is for these reasons that it were to the former in the higher and has been most excellent at those peri- more worthy walks of Poetry. The ods, when the civilization of a country laurels of Moore bloom freshly, but has arrived at its highest point ; that must fade ; while the bays of Shakspoint of which it is a certain indication, peare will flourish, evitabile fulmen, and from which it sometimes recedes for all time. more rapidly than it advanced. The This description of poetry requires best poets in this species of writing in a positive experience of the feelings Greece, did not flourish till long after which it expresses, as well as sufficient Homer; and Rome had arrived at its talent to give force to it. A Poet may
Poems, Songs, and Sonnets : Together with a Masque. By Thomas Carew, Esq. One of the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, and Sewer in Ordinary to Charles I. P
ATHENEUM VOL. 10.