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Natural History. ORIGIN OF THE NAME OF ANTIMONY.
By a French book, “ Le Nouveau
Cours de Chemie,” we learn that the Edmonston, in his Account of Zet- discovery of the powers resident in anland, informs us, that the crows seldom timony, was owing to the celebrated associate there, unless for the“ purpose Basilius Valentinus, who, finding that of holding what is called The Crous' it had the property of fattening pigs, Court.”: > This institution conveys a tried it on a convent of monks! Uncurious fact in their history. Numbers fortunately, however, it did not agree of crows are seen to assemble, on a
so well with the monks as it did with particular hill or field, from many dif- the pigs, for it killed these holy men by ferent points. On some occasions, the dozens : whence it obtained the name meeting does not appear to be com- anti-moine, or antimony. plete before the expiration of a day or two. As soon as all the deputies have
MONEY, arrived, a very general noise and croak- says Lord Coke, is derived from moneo, ing ensue; and, shortly after, the whole (to admonish,) because it admonisheth fall upon one or two individuals, whom its possessor to make a good use of it. they persecute and beat until they kill
MENDICANT, A BEGGAR, them. When this has been accomplished, they quietly disperse." At
must have arisen from the idleness of what term or season of the year these beggars. Mend—I can't, which some crow-courts are held, he does not tell ; illustrate this still better :-There is a
have had the candour to own. Let us probably between Hilary and Easter. But, is it not more likely that the ob- charitable cart built on purpose for ject of these courts is the making up of poor mendicants, who are allowed to matches, (in the Moravian manner,) jaunt in it, gratis, through the streets of rather than a grand jury, finding bills Dublin ; and it is supposed to cover, of indictment, and then trying and pun- of sins. It is said, moreover, to work
or, better still, to prevent a multitude ishing delinquents ? But Landt, in his Description of the brated cart pass near a group of beg.
miracles ; for no sooner does this celeFeroe Islands, corroborates these ex
than the blind begin to see, the traordinary assemblies, which may be deaf to hear, and the lame to walk, called crow-courts. They collect in
nay, even to run. It restores such as great numbers, as if they had all been have been dismissed from the hospital summoned for the occasion. A few of of incurables ; it reforms incorrigible the flock sit with drooping heads, says rogues ; and appears invariably in the Landt; others seem as grave as if they
most classic style ; the black cart, like were on the woolşack ; and some are the gods of the ancient poets, never inexceedingly active and noisy. In the terfering till all ordinary methods are course of about an hour, the assembly found absolutely ineffectual. disperse ; and it is not uncommon to find one or two left dead on the spot.
NEW SPECTACLE. The'ancient French fixed upon two ly to have at last hit upon a show
At Dijon in France, they seem realravens, to put an end to a tedious and which may truly be said to be someexpensive law-suit
. The parties pla- thing new under the Sun. This is a ced two cakes, made of flour diluted in mechanical chef d’æuvi ' representing. oil and wine, upon a board, which was
THE CREATION. This machine, (says carried to the side of a lake. To the Dijon Journal,) which has cost its ravens would presently, light upon this
inventor, M. Pardoux, of Vice-leboard, and would break and scatter Comte, ten years cogitation and toil, about one of the cakes, whilst they is composed of fifteen thousa, 'moving devoured the other entirely. That pieces, and is more re les was, Lan party, whose cake was only scattered
any thing ever yet seen ision bwyll, an.. about, gained his cause;-a very cheap and regularity in its motsides,
cured of way of going to law !
it is announced that ily 50
CHINESE FISHING BIRDS.
centimes for admittance to the first be added, the little million of prefixes, boxes, to be present at the creation of which are employed to great advantathe Universe.
ge, as très, fort, infiniment, which help
to colour your expressions as far beyond Two collegians, visiting a fashion- nature as imagination extends. The able watering-place, inquired for lodg- French are inaccurate too, above all ings, and were informed they could on- other nations, as to names. (Walpole ly have indifferent bed-rooms on the says) Bassompierre calls York House, second floor. They had not long Jorchaux ; and Kensington, Inimthort. agreed for them, and returned to their Pillet the French general,calls Mr. Wilinn, when one received a note from the berforce, Willeberforce ; Mr. Whitbread, owner of the rooms, stating, that on Withebread; Lancashire, Lancatsshire ! account of the press of company,
&c. they could only have the garrets !' The Gazette, The Independent Whig,”
A French journalist, quoting from our other, observing his chum musing over called it La Perruque Indépendante. the letter, asked him what he was read- Cibber's play of “Love's last Sbist” was ing.
What (says he) I read quite translated into La derniere Chemise de enough of before I left the University
l'Amour. In the same mapper, the -An Epistle to Attic-us.
French call our pugilists, or boxers, or, A gentleman of very fickle disposi
to speak more politely, the Fancy, Mes
sieurs de l'Imagination. tion, made so many changes in a mansion which he was erecting, and asked the advice of his friends
Ornithology. quently about the arrangements, that it seemed a miracle that it was ever fin
The most extraordinary mode of ished at all. At length, however, it fishing in China, and which is peculiar was completed, and nothing but the to it, is by birds' trained for that purgiving it a name remained to be done ; posé. Falcons when employed in the this was a sore puzzle, till a witty coun- air, or hounds when following a scent sellor told him if he wanted an appro- on the earth, are not more sagacious in priate appellation he could give it him. the pursuit of their prey, or more cerWhat is it? The House of Correction. tain in obtaining it, than these birds
A worthy country gentleman, in the in another element.' They are called commission in Essex, had acquired so Looau, and are about the size of a much of the provincial dialect, that he goose, with grey plumage, webbed feet, invariably said, (among other peculiar, and have a long and very slender bill, ities) "I were,' he were,' &c. for • I crooked at the point. Their faculty of was,' . he was.'
A friend was one diving, or remaining under water, is not day praising his green old age to anoth- more extraordinary than that of many er, and saying that he never had seen
other fowls that
prey upon fish; but a more healthy and vigorous old man.
the wonderful circumstance is, the doNevertheless, (replied the other) he cility of these birds, in employing their seems to me to be much the worse for natural instinctive powers at the comwear!"
mand of the fishermen who possess The French people are singular in them, in the same manner as the hound, their love for expletives ; there is no the spaniel, or the pointer, submit their medium in their tones for pleasure and respective sagacity to the huntsman or pain, joy and sorrow.
Charmant and the fowler. superbe is the least you can say of what The number of these birds in a boat is recommended to your approbation. is in proportion to the size of it. At a If you say less than vilaine of what certain signal, they rush into the water you dislike, you will be deemed phleg- and dive after the fish ; and the momatic; if you are pleased, you must be ment they have seized their prey, they ravi ; if you are vexed, you must be fly with it to their boat; and though desolé : if you are not in ecstacies, you there may be a hundred of these vessels must be au desespoir ; to which may together, these sagacious birds always
return to their own masters ; and the smell and taste natural to an egg; amidst the crowd of fishing junks which in a word, it was fresh, and fit for eatare sometimes assembled on these oc- ing, and continued so, after being excasions, they never fail to distinguish posed to the air four days. The two that to which they belong. When the others were opened eight days afterfish are in great plenty, these astonish- wards, at Milan, ten leagues distant ing purveyors will soon fill a boat with from Lake Maggiore. They appearthem; and will sometimes be seen fly- ed not so fresh as the fornier, and rathing along with a fish of such size, as to er salty, like an egg a week old. The make the beholder who is unaccustom- shells had likewise lost something of ed to the sight suspect his organs of their whiteness. vision ; and such is their extraordinary Proofs were adduced that, for a pesagacity, that when one of them hap- riod of 300 years, nothing had been pens to have taken a fish which is too done to the vestry, of which the wall, bulky for the management of a single containing the eggs, made a part, exfowl, the rest immediately afford their cepting at the top, for the purpose of assistance. While they are thus la- repairing the roof. It was visited by bouring for their masters, they are pre- St. Charles Borromeo, Archbishop of vented from paying any attention to Milan, who held meetings there. In themselves, by a ring which is passed the same place there was a press for round their necks; and is so contrived, holding the decorations and plate beas to frustrate any attempt to swallow longing to the altar ; which piece of the least morsel of what they take. furniture was made on the spot, in the PRESERVATION OF EGGS FOR THREE year 1569, and which could not have
passed through the present small door, In a village, situated near Lake and no traces whatever of a larger are Maggiore, in Italy, it has been found to be seen. It therefore appears that necessary, to take down the old these eggs were preserved for about wall of the vestry of the church of three centuries in this extraordinary that place, which was very ancient. In
situation. the middle of this wall were found three eggs, two of which were near Practical Economy,or the Application each other, and the third at a little dis of Modern Discoveries to the Purtance. They were not placed in any poses of Domestic Life. 8vo.1821. hole, to which a hen, or other animal, This work will be found equally useful to could possibly penetrate ; but in the those who are wise enough to enter into the midst of the wall, which in this place practice of the rules which it lays down, and was two feet thick. It was remarked,
entertaining to others, who may merely wish that they were laid upon a bed of professes to teach economy in every de
to amuse themselves with its theories. It stones, and surrounded and encased partment of domestic life ;-and so it does ; with the hardened mortar. They had but on such an agreeable plan, that it is sure probably been laid there by some of to meet with willing pupils. “ To enjoy is the workmen employed in building the in the same manner, the object of the ra:
to obey," says the rational religionist; and, wall, and enclosed without being per- tional economist is to procure the greatceived; or it might have been a trick est number of innocent gratifications at which a workman chose to play on
the least possible expense.
11 To sare," one of his companions, who had put face, « is one thing; to economise is anoth
as the author justly observes in his prethem in this place. Be this as it may, er. Absolutely to avoid expense, is to ex. at the time of their discovery curiosity clude enjoyment; but to economize ex. prompted those who were present to penditure is to unite enjoyment with prubreak one of the
dence.” Under this impression, then, the immediately.
eggs This was done by a servant, who stood nected by the editor of this ingenious man.
reader may safely suffer himself to be conat some distance, to avoid the danger uel through all its divisions and their subthat might have resulted from the in- divisions ; embellishing all, and throwing fection of the egg.
They were much on every subject which they include, a va. surprised to find it liquid, with both lated at once to increase our comforts, and
riety of new and useful information, calcuthe yolk and white well formed, and diminish our expenses.
has arrived in London for publication. flavour in the slightest degree impaired ; Mr. I. H. Glover is preparing for publi- if it were, that could hardly be a sufficient cation a: Bibliographical Dictionary of
reason to torture a poor animal to gratify
the pampered appetite of an epicure. English Literature, from the year 1700 to the end of the year 1820. It will contain
Eels too possess this amphibious quality ; the title of every principal work which has therefore they are skinned, rolled in salt,
and fried whilst they are writhing in agony, appeared in Great Britain during that period, together with the date of publication, A Practical Treatise on Diseases of the its price, and the publisher's name, as far Liver, and on some of the affections usualas they can possibly be ascertained; al ly denominated bilious, is preparing for phabetically arranged under the names of publication. Comprising an impartial estheir respective authors, and under the sub timate of the merits of the Nitro-muriatic ject matter of each anonymous publication. Acid Bath, by George DARLING, M. D.
An octavo edition is about to be publish- Member of the Royal College of Surgeons ed, of Memoirs of the Protector Oliver
of London. Cromwell, with original letters, and other Some intelligent persons in Edinburgh family papers, by the late Oliver Crom- have imitated the Parisians by an establishWELL, esq. a descendant of the family. ment to teach the connecting arts and sciDr. FORBES' Translation of Laennec on
ences to persons engaged in particular on Diseases of the Chest, with notes, will trades. In France every working carpen
ter can draw with the hand, and also geospeedily be published.
metrically, and pursue their tasteful proLamps, supplied by artificial naptha, or
ductions and elegant forms. essential oil of tar, produced in the making
Mrs. SIDNEY STANHOPE, author of Montof gas from coals, under. Lord Cochrane's
brazel Abbey, &c. &c. has in the press an
in the Month of September.
The discovery of an easy and effectual
method of preventing the destruction of toms, and Treatment of Gutta Serena, a species of Blindness arising from a loss of the officers of Artillery at Woolwich, emsensibility in the nerve of vision, illustrated ployed in the inspection of clothing return
ed from Spain. It was observed, that in by numerous cases.
casks where all other woollen substances Sketches of Upper Canada, Domestic, were totally destroyed, those cloths that Local, and Characteristic : to which are had been rendered water-proof by the comadded, Practical Details for the informa mon well known process, remained untion of Emigrants of every class, and some touched. Attention having thus been exciRecollections of the United States of Amer
ted to this circumstance, other similar ica, by John Howison, esq. will speedily mixed packages were examined, and the be published.
results v ere found to be invariable. The following excellent paragraph has One of the most interesting publications appeared in many provincial papers, and of the present month is A History of the ought to be copied generally
Brasil, by James HENDERSON, comprehenCruelty to fish. It is hoped that the ding a very full and particular account of dreadful cruelty of boiling shell-fish alive, the geography, commerce, colonization, &c. or, what is as frequently done, of putting of that important country. The author, it them over a fire in a sauce-pan of cold appears, on his arrival at Rio de Janeiro, in water, will be reflected on as it deserves. 1819, was disappointed in his views of imShell-fish possess an amphibious property, mediate employment, and therefore resolvand are therefore capable of existing out ed to devote his time to the acquisition of of the water a considerable time without intelligence respecting these vast regions. the powers of life being impaired ; hence He has succeeded in collecting a very conit is just as shocking to dress shell-fish siderable mass of information on the past alive, as to convey mackerel (which do not and present state of the Brazil, treatpossess an amphibious property, but die in ing under distinct heads of the twenty-two a few minutes after being taken out of the provinces which it comprises. The picturr water,) instantaneously out of the sea into which is presented to us of the external asa frying-pan or boiling water. The igno- pect of the country is highly magnificent rant prejudice that lobsters, crabs, &c. are and rich ; but this writer concurs with all not good if they are dressed after they are his predecessors in deploring the state of dead would vanish as as humanity society at Rio de Janeiro, which he reprewere permitted to make the trial. When sents as being centuries behind in the cordressed many hours after they are dead, it forts and enjoyments of civilized life
Even hospitality, the virtue of an unculti Messrs. Dufau and Guadet, of Paris, vated people, is here unknown. Living is have recently published a dictionary of anas expensive, or more so, than in London, cient geography, which is recommended in with none of the comforts which the latter the foreign journals, as containing infor. affords. A moderate sized house will let mation unique in its kind. Close to the for two hundred and fifty or three hundred ancient names of places, is the correspondpounds per annum ; and provisions, with ing modern one. Annexed is a map of the the exception of vegetables and fruit, are world, as known to the ancients, by M. neither cheap nor good. Books are prohib- Brué, geographer to his R. H. Monsieur. ited, and the state of literature is conse Ancient geography is not only an object of quently very low. Only two gazettes are learned curiosity, but is a necessary compublished throughout the whole empire. pliment of history, and should form one Assassination is frequent; the inhabitants essential basis of education. carrying knives hid under the sleeves of A number of Cachemire goats, imported their coats, which they throw and use with into France by M. Ternaux, have been set. great dexterity; and these knives we are tled at Perpignan, where having recovered ashamed to say, are inanufactured in Eng. their health, they are beginning to propland expressly for that purpose. The de- agate. After yeaning in March, the down, plorable state of the government has coun some rudiments of which had appeared in teracted the advantages of nature, which April, began to get intwined, and this may would otherwise have rendered this nation be looked upon as an approach to maturity. one of the richest in the world. Even the “ This I had plucked up,” says M. Tessier diamond mines are not worked to ad- (in his communication to the Royal Acad. vantage. The produce of these is select- emy of Sciences) “with horn combs, and ed, in the first instance, by the royal family; it was thus almost pure and free from clots," and it is said that the King possesses the Each animal furnished on an average three best collection of gems in the world, worth ounces and a half ; some, including a large upwards of two millions sterling. From he goat, gave six ounces.
There is very the mine, the diamonds are conveyed by a little loss, and every thing announces that strong military guard to the treasury, till this race will easily get seasoned to the despatched for London, which is now their climate. The she goats are better for great mart. Agriculture is in a very degra- milking than the natives; the large hairs ded state, and the present system of land- vary much in length, and it has been reed tenure is so bad, that the soil seems marked that the short haired individuals likely to remain covered with wild grass sometimes yield the most down, and it is and forests till doomsday. When it is finest on those of a grey colour. By allot. moderately cultivated, the returns are quick ting them a more elevated situation in the and bountiful. From the recent establish- Pyrenees they are expected to give more ment of a free constitution in this colony, down, and further improvements are conthe warmest hopes of its speedy improve templated, in the selections for propagation, ment, in every respect, may be entertained. by a judicious crossing with such of the And having escaped from political slavery, indigenous races as bear analagous down. we may reasonably expect that the system The Rev. Dr. CRACKNEL! will soon pubof domestic bondage will not much longer lish an Essay on the Dying Confessions of be allowed to disgrace a nation calling itself JudasIscariot,as found in theGreek records. free. In an appendix to the volume, we Amongst the works of imagination lately find a zoological account of the animals offered to the public, the romance of The peculiar to the country, amongst which the
Cavalier is entitled to a place in the first reptiles are the most formidable, being ex
rank. It is a production of the Waverley ceedingly numerous, and for the most part school, and is evidently the offspring of no Clouds of insects people the
mean disciple. In character, incident, and air. A collection has been already made of style, it bears no distant affinity to the leabove sixteen hundred different sorts of gends of the unknown author; but it may butterflies. Perhaps no other region in the be easily distinguished from them by an world equals the Brazil in the innumerable occasional awkwardness and want of polish, species of birds which it possesses, of in- from which the original is completely free. comparable beauty of plumage and variety The scene is laid in the time of the great
This work is illustrated with rebellion ; and the character of the hero, twenty-eight plates, executed with good ef- Colonel Sydenham, afterwards Lord Falfect upon stone, after sketches taken by Mr. conridge, is touched with a very spirited Henderson on the spot, and with two maps. hand. The principal portrait of the adThe style is plain and unaffected, and the
verse faction, is taken from Jonathan Snell, author's information appears to be drawn from authentic sources.
a puritan adventurer, and it is certainly
We think consid- drawn with great power, though in someerable credit is due to him for the judgment what exaggerated proportions. We augur and ability with which he has embodied the very considerable suscess to these interest, result of his researches, which we regard ing volumes, which cannot be perused as a valuable contribution to our stock of without impressing the reader with a conknowledge respecting this important and viction that they are the fruit of an ingeadvancing country.
nious and superior mind.