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building of Alexandria.- Parchment A very philosophical writer having was adopted by Eumenes in the sec- the misfortune of a wife of very unond Century before Christ. (Harmer.) pleasant temper, was one day visited Nearchus, who accompanied Alexan- by a scholar of one of our Universities, der, found the Indians writing on linen when, in the midst of a deep discussion, or cotton cloth, and that their charac- they heard upon the staircase leading ters were beautiful.- Arrian, 717. to his study door a violent quarrel be.
Dr. Campbell thought that the tween her and one of her servants, and Greeks knew nothing of the Hebrews in an instant she burst into the room, till after the Macedonian conquest nor but instantly retreated on finding that of the Pentateuch and Hebrew writings her husband was engaged. The scholar till after the translation of the Septua- started from his chair, and said to his gint.--Essay on Miracles.
friend, “What can be the cause of all The stories of the Dead Sea are all this distress ?” “Oh, sit down," said contradicted by Dr. Clarke ; for its sa- the philosopher very calmly, “ I cannot lubrity, fish, shores, fertility, &c. he discover the origin of evil!" vouches. It has been mistaken for a Rousseau is said to have carried an lake of the same name near Babylon. Ode to Voltaire for perusal, addressed
St. Jerom passed great part of his to posterity; and pressed Voltaire for life at Bethlehem, of whom Erasmus his free opinion of it. Voltaire having said, “Quis docet apertius ? quis de- read it, said it contained some good Jectat urbanius,~quis movet effica- lines, but regretted that those to whom tius,-quis laudat candidius,-quis sua- it was addressed, would never read it. det gravius,—quis hortatur ardentius?" In seeking superior aid in our trot
In the highest luxury of imperial bles and anxieties, we seldom apply to Rome, the price of admission to the the first cause, until we find secondary Theatre (where any was paid) was no causes fail us; which marks our exmore than one eighth of an English treme ignorance and ingratitude. penny !
Pekin is now the largest city in the During the time of our common- world, and contains, according to Anwealth, when the Established Church derson, a space of nine miles every lost its authority and sanctity, it was way, customary for the banns of marriage W. Whiston counted the period of to be proclaimed on three market days the end of the world to be 20 years in Newgate Market, and afterwards from his own time, A.D. 1712; and the parties were married at the Church, yet (as it is said) asked 30 years purand the Register states, that they were
chase for an estate which he had to sell. married at the place of meeting called Rev. D. Mathias, Rector of St. the Church.—See the Register of St. Mary, Whitechapel, attended a poor Andrew, Holborn, during those years.
woman who had been delivered of four Cæsar's celebrated Letter to the male children at one birth; they all did Senate, Veni, vidi, vici, was written well
, and he baptized then—Matthew, upon his victory over Pharnaces, after Mark, Luke, and John : and a similar ter five days battle, A.U.C. 707. fact had occurred to him before, when Written under a whole-length por
he held a curacy in Leicestershire. trait of Beau Nash at Bath, between
In 1785, the conflicting principles two busts of Locke and Pope:
between Lord Fitzgibbon and Mr. Cur
ran broke forth into personal hostility. “ This picture plac'd these busts between, Fitzgibbon called Curran a puny bab
Give Satire its whole strength, Wisdom and Wit are little seen,
bler; and he retorted, by telling him But Folly at full length.”
that his argument was more like the
paltry quibble of a lawyer than the reaUrbanity is an indigenous plant of soning of a statesman, and his language England. Ån able translator will do his best than Attorney General;—and then they
more like that of an Attorney Particular to be as just to his original, as the im- went out like true Irish debaters, and pression is to the seal. Middleton. finished the dispute by firing a brace of
pistols at each other, but left the field,
Natural History. unlike Irish combatants, with sentiments of unabated hostility.--Life of Curran. Ed. Rev. 1820.
An electric eel (Gymnotus ElectriDr. Franklin's Morning Prayer :- cus) was lately brought to Paris from "O powerful Goodness, bountiful Fa. America, anu, in trying upon it the exther, merciful Guide ! increase in me periments of M. Humboldt, a very sinthat wisdom which discovers my truest gular occurrence took place. Several interest, strengthen my resolution to naturalists had already subjected themperform what that wisdom dictates, ac
selves to electric shocks, more or less cept my kind offices to thy other crea violent, by touching the fish, which is tures as the only return in my power
of the size of a large eel, when Dr. Jafor thy continual favours to me?"
nin de Saint Jusk seized it with both President West being subject to the his hands, and was rewarded with a gout, it attacked his right hand while succession of shocks more severe than he was painting his great picture of Volta's pile would have given. Indeed, Death on the pale Horse ; but this did he was exposed to real danger, in connot check his ardour; for he proceed- sequence of finding it impossible to ed with his left hand, and the whole loose his hold of the animal, notwithwas finished by himself without any whole frame to an excessive degree.
standing its every motion agitated his assistance.
Some conversation having occurred An involuntary contraction forced him on the indelicacies of the attitudes in
to grasp it with supernatural strength, the waltz, a lady remarked that they
and the more he grasped, the more formed a part of the liberties of the dreadful did the electrical shocks bepress.
They extorted from him the Professor Porson having been asked most agonizing cries, which alarmed all his opinion of Southey's Madoc," represent, including Messrs. Alibert, plied, “ It is a poem which will be read Geoffroy, St. Hiliare, Serre, and Larwhen Pope, and Swist, and Addison, rey, who were even afraid for his life, and the best poets of England, shall be as it is probable, had he continued long forgotten,,but not before."
in the situation, that death must have
ensued. No one knew how to assist “Unthought-of follies cheat us in the wise.” but he had not the power to follow their
him. “Let go, let go!" they cried, Who would have thought that Locke advice. Happily it occurred to him loved romances, that Newton once to replunge the cel into its tub, and studied astrology, and that Dr. S. scarcely were his hands wetted, when Clarke prided himself in agility, and the contact of the water (acting as a leaped over his tables and chairs! conductor) enabled him to let his ene
The greatest mass of silver is said by my slip. Albinus, in his Chronicle of the Mines of Misnia, to have been found at Schnee Captain Steadman in his “Narraberg in 1478; it weighed by computa- tive of a Five Years' Expedition against tion about 400 quintals. Albert de the revolted Negroes of Surinam," reSaxe who went down into the mine, lates, that on waking about four o'clock dined upon an enormous block, observe one morning in his hammock, he was ing to the company there, that “the extremely alarmed at finding himself Emperor Frederick is a powerful Mon- weltering in congealed blood, and witharch, but he does not keep so rich a out feeling any pain whatever. “The table as I do."
mystery was,” continues Captain S.
* Our readers may remember that, according to Mr. Todd's experiments, (in 1817) the intensity of the shocks given by the torpedo bore no relation to the size of the fish, but an evident relation to its lireliness and to the degree of irritation caused by preserving, pricking, or squeezing the animal. This Dr. Janin has sensibly demonstrated. The ecl discharges the electric fluid in self defence; and it is probable the Paris specimen will not long survive the copious emission.-Ep.
“ that I had been bitten by the Vam- been bestowed to qualify the animal for pyre or Spectre of Guiana, which is these practices. As soon as the master et also called the Flying Dog of New tered the shop, the dog seemed to avoid all
appearance of recognizing or acknowledg. Spain, and by the Spaniards, Perrovo- ing any connection with him, but lounged lador. This is no other than a bat of about in an indolent, disengaged, and indemonstrous size, that sucks the blood pendent sort of manner. In the course of from men and cattle while they are fast cated by a touch on the parcel and a look
looking over some wares, his master indi. asleep, even sometimes till they die ; towards the spaniel, that which he desired and as the manner in which they pro- she should appropriate, and then left ceed is truly wonderful, I shall endea- shop. The dog, whose watchful eye caught vour to give a distinct account of it. his master out of the shop, continued to sit
the hint in an instant, instead of following Knowing, by instinct, that the person at the door, or lie by the fire, watching the they intend to attack is in a sound counter, until she observed the attention of slumber, they generally alight near the the people of the shop withdrawn from the
When feet, where, while the creature contin- prize which she wished to secure.
ever she saw ues fanning with his enormous wings, as she imagined unobserved, she never
an opportunity of doing so, which keeps one cool, he bites a piece failed to jump upon the counter with her out of the tip of the great toe, so very fore feet, possess herself of the gloves, or small indeed, that the head of a pin whatever else had been pointed out to her, could scarcely be received into the and escape from the shop to join her maswound, which is consequently not pain SUPERNATURAL WARNING. ful; yet through this orifice he contin
The age of superstition is past, and ues to suck the blood, until he is oblig- there are few, except in the lower rank ed to disgorge. He then begins again, of society, who will now give credit to and thus continues such and dis- improbable tales, however well they gorging until he is scarcely able to fly; may be persuaded of the respectability and the sufferer has often been known of their source, unless they have the to sleep from time to eternity. Cattle means of being 'acquainted with their they generally bite in the ear, but al- truth and authenticity. Superstition, ways in places where the blood flows however has still her votaries; and in spontaneously. Having applied to- spite of the enlightened and civilized bacco ashes as the best remedy, and state of society, at the present time, washed the gore from myself and ham- there are few who will not feel some mock, I observed several small heaps interest at the recital of a story, in of congealed blood all round the place which any thing connected with superwhere I had lain upon the ground; on natural agency is introduced, and more examining which, the surgeon judged particularly so when that story is in the that I had lost at least twelve or four- most remote manner founded on fact
. teen ounces during the night.”
The tale I am about to narrate devi
ates but very slightly from one which A young gentleman lately residing in time when it was fresh upon our mem
has been well authenticated, and at the Edinburgh, was the master of a handsome spaniel bitch, which he had bought from a ory, was almost universally believed. dealer in dogs. The animal had been educated to steal for the benefit of its protec. C—, was, some years ago residing
A young gentleman by the name of tor; but it was some time ere his new master became aware of this irregularity of
with a clergyman in the North of Eng. morals, and he was not a little astonished land, for the purpose of completing his and teazed by its constant!y bringing home education. He was heir to a large for articles of which it had feloniously obtain tune, particularly amiable, of a lively od possession. Perceiving, at length, that disposition, gay in his manners
, and the animal proceeded systematically, in this sort of beliaviour, he used to amuse
entirely free from any taint of super, his friends, by causing the spaniel to givestitious belief. He was strong and proofs of her sagacity in the Spartan art of healthy, and very unlikely, in any privately stealing, putting the shopkeepers manner to give credit to the workings where he meant she should exercise her of his imagination, or to believe in faculty on their guard as to the issue.
The process was curious, and excites dreams. I mention this because there soine surprise at the pains which must have are some people whose weak state of
health, or whose melancholy disposi- suddenly stopped short, and uttered a tion might make them more liable to be scream of horror ; his friend ran to his exposed to the impression produced by assistance, surprised at an emotion for any sudden alarm, or any unusual agi- which he could not account, but Mr. tation. One morning, however, at C—, having closed the door, immebreakfast, his haggard and pale looks, diately related the circumstances of the and thoughtful manner, attracted the dream which had made so much imattention of his friends, who were ac- pression upon him some years before, customed to see him animated and adding, at the same time, that the fehealthy; and upon their pressing him male servant who had lighted them up to account for this sudden alteration, stairs, was the same person, both in he confessed that he had, during the face, appearance, and dress, who had night, had a dream, which had made appeared to him in his vision. The so strong an impression upon him, that sudden and unexpected recollection of he could not drive it from his theughts. a circumstance which had been so long He said that he had seen a young wo- forgotten, could not fail to agitate Mr. man enter his room softly, with a light C- exceedingly; but as there was in one hand, and a knife in the other; nothing suspicious in the manners of that she made several attempts to stab the inhabitants of the inn, the friends him, but upon his resistance she had retired to rest, having first taken care disappeared. Ile then described her to fasten the door, and place their pisperson and dress, both of which, he tols near them. said, were so deeply impressed upon Overcome by the fatigue of travelhis memory, that they never could be ling, they were soon both asleep ; but effaced.
Mr. c-awaking suddenly, beheld, His friends treated the matter light- to his extreme horror, the same woly, and endeavoured to ridicule him for man standing over him, with a light in giving so much credit to a dream ; and one hand, and a knife in the other, Mr. Č— himself, as if ashamed of having the blade directed towards his his weakness, tried to banish it from breast, apparently about to strike. Ju his thoughts. Several months passed his agony of horror, he uttered a away, and he resumed his usual gaiety scream, which awoke his friend, who of manner ; every thing appeared for- springing from his bed, was just in gotten ; and when his dream intruded time to catch her arm. itself upon his recollection, he laughed FORMATION OF MISTS IN PARTICULAR at himself for having ever thought of such a trifle.
By Sir Jumphrey Dary, bart. Years had elapsed, and Mr. G
All persons who have been accustomed having come into the possession of a
to the observation of Nature, must have large property, proposed to an inti- frequently witnessed the formation of mists
over the beds of rivers and lakes in calm mate friend to visit the Continent. and clear weather after sun-set; and whoThey left England together; and after ever has considered these phenomena in having travelled through most of the relation to the radiation and communication countries in Europe, were returning publication of the researches of M. M. Rum
of heat and nature of vapour, since the home in the autumn of — A longford, Leslie, Dalton, and Wells, can hardly and tedious day's journey brought have failed to discover the true cause of them very late one evening to a retired them. As, however, I am not aware that village on the borders of Hungary; any work has yet been published in which there was but one inn in the place, rather complicated principles, I shall make
this cause is fully discussed, and it involves and that, from its appearance did not no apology for offering a few remarks on promise them very comfortable ac the subject to the Royal Society. commodation. However, they had no
As soon as the Sun has disappeared from choice ; it was too late to proceed, and any part of the globe, the surface begins
to lose heat by radiation, and in greater they alighted. There was nothing re- proportion as the sky is clearer; but the markable in their reception; they were land and water are cooled by this operaproceeding to the apartment which tion in a very different manner; the impres
sion of cooling on the land is lirnited to the was allotted to them, when Mr. C
surface and very slowly transmiited to the
interior ; whereas, in water above 40 deg. upon the ground, and were cast out of the Fahrenheit, as soon as the upper stratum is door of the church-(Toutes les personnes cooied, whether by radiation or evapora rassemblees dans l'eglise avoient été tertion, it sinks in the mass of fluid, and its rassées et jetées ainsi hors la porte.) As place is supplied by warmer waters from soon as he came to himself, he returned below; and till the temperature of the into the church, where he found the clergy. whole mass is reduced nearly to 40 deg. F. man of Moustiers quite senseless. He im. the surface caunot be the coolest part. It mediately called to his assistance some perfollows, therefore, that wherever water ex. sons who were only slightly wounded : ists ia considerable masses, and has a tem- they lifted up the clergyman, extinguished perature nearly equal to that of the land, his upper garments, which were burning, or only a few degrees below it, and above and by means of vinegar, restored him to 45 deg. F. at sup-set, its surface during the his senses in two hours. He vomited a connight, in calm and clear weather, will be sider able quantity of blood. He affirmed, warner than that of the contiguous land; that he had not heard the thunder, and and the air above the land will necessarily indeed knew nothing of what had passed. be cooler than that above the water; and He was carried to the parsonage house. when they both contain their due propor. The electric fluid had struck the upper part tion of aqueous vapour, and the situation of the gold trimming of his stole, whence it of the ground is such as to permit the cold descended, tore off one of his shoes, which it air from the land to mix with the warmer threw to the other end of the church, and air above the water, mist or fog will be the broke the metal buckle. The chair on result; which will be so much greater in which he sat was also broken to pieces. quantity, as the land surrounding or in On the second day after the event, the closing the water is higher, the water deep. clergyman was conveyed to his own house er, and the temperature of the water, which at Moustiers, where it was two months bewill coincide with the quantity or strength fore his wounds were perfectly healed. He of vapour in the air above it, greater. had a wound, some fingers broad, on the
right shoulder, another extended from the REMARKABLE EFFECTS OF LIGIITNING. middle of the back part of the right upper
Mr. TRENCALYE, vicar-general of Digne, arm to the middle of the exterior side of the has sent the following narrative to the Aca- lower arm; and a third deep wound went demy of Sciences, at Paris. He remarks from the middle of the back part of the left that the lightning struck the church, while upper arm, to the middle of the back part the bells were ringing.
of the lower arm, on the same side ; a The village of Chateauneuf is situated in fourth, less considerable and shallower, was the commune of Digne, in the department on the outer side of the lower part of the of the Lower Alps, south-east of the little left shoulder ; and a fifth on the upper lip, town of Moustiers, which is known for a near the nose. He was tormented for nearvery excellent manufactory of carthenware. ly two months, by a total deprivation of The village stands on the extreme point of sleep; he felt his arms lamed, and since one of the first Alps, which rise amphithe. that time always suffers by the changes of atrically above Moustiers. It contains be- the weather. side the church and parsonage, fourteen A little child was torn from its mother's houses, on an eminence which is cut off by arms, and thrown to the distance of sis the angles of two other mountains, one to paces: it recovered in the open air. The the east, and the other to the west. The legs of every individual felt lamed: the interval which divides the village from the terrified woman presented a dismal spectamountain to the cast, is so narrow and deep, cle. The church was filled with a thick that the sight of it inspires terror : 105 black smoke, so that objects could only be scattered huts, chiefly on the east side of distinguished by the glare of the flames, the mountain, contains a population of 500 proceeding from the clothes which the lightsouls. Sunday, July 11, 1819, M. Salome, ning had set on fire. clergy man of Moustiers and episcopal com Eight persons were killed upon the spot. missioner, came to Chatcauneuf to induct a A young woman, of nineteen years of age,
About half an hour past ten, was carried home in a state of insensibility, the procession went from the parsonage to and died the following morning, in dreadthe church. The weather was fine, only ful agonies, as her loud lamentations evinc. there were some heavy clouds in the sky. ed. The number of the killed was thereThe new rector had begun the celebration fore nine, and that of the wounded, 82. of mass. A young man, eighteen years of The priest who read mass was not touchage, was singing the epistle, when three ed by the lightning, probably because he claps of thunder were heard, instantane wore a silk dress ously succeeding each other.
All the dogs that were in the church were book was torn out of his hands, and rent found dead, in the positions in which they to pieces; he felt the flame on his body, were at the moment. A woman who was which soon caught him by the neck. At in a hut, on the Barbin mountain, to the west, first,' he cried aloud; but, he now closed saw three masses of fire descend in rapid his mouth by an involuntary motion, was succession, which seemed as if they would thrown down, and rolled towards the peo destroy the whole village. It is probable the ple assembled in the church, who also sunk lightning first struck the cross on the steeple.