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in an hour, people came flocking in had not lifted up his head, as the massy from all quarters, and it was seen, that bolts were withdrawn, and the door concealment or escape was no longer creaked sullenly on its hinges. The possible, and that father and son were father fixed his eyes upon me for some destined to die together a felon's death.” time, as if I had been a stranger, in

Here the pastor's voice ceased; and truding upon his misery ; and, as soon I had heard enough to understand the as he knew me, shut them with a deep long deep sigh that had come moaning groan, and pointed to his son. “I have from that bowed-down figure beside murdered William— I have brought my the solitary well. “ That was the last only son to the scaffold, and I am doom. work done by the father and son, and ed to hell!' I gently called on the finished the day before the fatal dis- youth by name, but he was insensible covery of their guilt. It had probably -he was lying in a fit. . 'I fear be been engaged in as a sort of amusement will awake out of that fit,' cried the to beguile their unhappy minds of ever- old man with a broken voice. • They anxious thoughts, or perhaps as a soli- have come upon him every day since tary occupation, at which they could our condemnation, and sometimes durunburtben their guilt to one another ing the night. It is not fear for himundisturbed. Here, no doubt, in the self that brings them on-for my boy, silence and solitude, they often felt re- though guilty, is brave—but he conmorse, perhaps penitence. They chisel- tinues looking on my face for hours, led out their names on that slab, as you till at last he seems to lose all sense

, perceive; and hither, as duly as the and falls down in strong convulsions, morning and evening shadows, comes often upon the stone-floor, till he is all the ghost whom we beheld, and, after covered with blood.' The old man a prayer for the souls of them so ten- then went up to his son, knelt down, derly beloved in their innocence, and and, putting aside the thick clustering doubtless even more tenderly beloved hair from his forehead, continued kissin their guilt and in their graves, she ing him for some minutes, with deep carries to her lonely hut the water that sobs, but eyes dry as dust. helps to preserve her hopeless life,from “ But why should I recal to my rethe well dug by dearer hands, now membrance, or describe to you, every mouldered away, both flesh and bone, hour of anguish that I witnessed in that into the dust."

cell. For several weeks it was all ago After a moment's silence the old ony and despair—the Bible lay unman continued,—for he saw that I heeded before their ghastly eyes—and longed to hear the details of that dread- for them there was no consolation. ful catastrophe, and bis own soul seem- The old man's soul was filled but with ed likewise desirous of renewing its one thought--that he had deluded his grief,

:-“ The prisoners were condemn- son into sin, death, and eternal punished. Ilope there was none.

He never slept ; but visions, known, from the moment of the ver- terrible as those of sleep, seemed often dict-guilty,—that they would be exe- to pass before him, till I have seen the cuted. Petitions were, indeed, signed grey hairs bristlé horribly over his by many thousands ; but it was all in temples, and big drops of sweat plash vain,--and the father and the son had down upon the floor. I sometimes to prepare themselves for death.

thought, that they would both die be* About a week after condemnation fore the day of execution ; but their I visited them in their cell. God for mortal sorrows, though they sadly bid, I should say that they were re- changed both face and frame, seemed signed. Human nature could not re at last to give a horrible energy to life, sign itself to such a doom ; and I found and every morning that I visited them, the old man pacing up and down the they were stronger, and more broadly stone floor, in his clanking chains, with awake in the chill silence of their lonehurried steps, and a countenance of un- some prison house. speakable horror. The son was lying “I know not how a deep change on his face upon his bed of straw, and was at last wrought upon their souls,

It was

ment.

but two days before that of execution, ing of the Sabbath day; and all the on entering their cell, I found them sit- ordinary business of life seemed, by ting calm and composed by each oth- one consent of the many thousand er's side, with the Bible open before hearts beating there, to be suspended. them. Their faces, though pale and But as the hours advanced, the frequent haggard, had lost that glare of misery, tread of feet was heard in every avethat so long had shone about their rest- nue; the streets began to fill with pale, less and wandering eyes, and they look- anxious, and impatient faces; and ed like men recovering from a long and many eyes were turned to the dials on painful sickness. I almost thought I the steeples, watching the silent prosaw something like a faint smile of gress of the finger of time, till it should hope. “God has been merciful unto reach the point at which the curtain us,” said the father, with a calm voice. was to be drawn up from before a most -" I must not think he has forgiven mournful tragedy. my sins, but he has enabled me to look “ The hour was faintly heard through on my poor son's face-to kiss him— the thick prison walls by us, who were to fold him in my arms—to pray for together for the last time in the conhim—to fall asleep with him in my bo- demned cell. I had administered to som, as I used often to do in the days them the most awful rite of our religion, of his boyhood, when, during the beat and father and son sat together as silent of mid-day, I rested from labour below as death. The door of the dungeon the trees of my own farm. We have opened, and several persons came in. found resignation at last, and are pre- One of them, who had a shrivelled pared to die."

bloodless face, and small red grey eyes, “ There were no transports of delu- an old man, feeble and tottering, but ded enthusiasm in the souls of these cruel in his decrepitude, laid hold of the unhappy men. They had never doubt- son with his palsied fingers, and began ed the truth of revealed religion, al- to pinion his arms with a cord. No rethough they had fatally disregarded its sistance was offered; but, straight and precepts; and now that remorse had untrembling, stood that tall and beautigiven way to penitence, and nature ful youth, while the fiend bound him for had become reconciled to the thought execution. At this mournful sight, how of inevitable death, the light that had could I bear to look on his father's face? been darkened, but never extinguished Yet thither were mine eyes impelled by in their hearts, rose up anew; and the agony that afflicted my commiseratknowing that their souls were immor. ing soul. During that hideous gaze, he tal, they humbly put their faith in the was insensible of the executioner's apmercy of their Creator and their Re- proach towards himself; and all the deemer.

time that the cords were encircling bis “ It was during that resigned and own arms, he felt them not, he saw serene hour, that the old man ventured nothing but his son standing at last beto ask for the mother of his poor un- fore him, ready for the scaffold. happy boy. I told him the truth calmly, “I darkly recollect a long dark vaultand calmly he heard it all. On the ed passage, and the echoing tread of day of his condemnation, she had been footsteps, till all at once we stood in a deprived of her reason, and, in the crowded hall, with a thousand eyes fixed house of a kind friend, whose name he on these two miserable men. blessed, now remained in merciful ig- like were they to all beside ! They sat norance of all that had befallen, believ- down together within the shadow of ing herself, indeed, to be a motherless death. Prayers were said, and a psalm widow, but one who had long ago lost was sung, in which their voices were her husband, and all her children, in heard to join, with tones that wrung out the ordinary course of nature. At this tears from the hardest or the most carerecital his soul was satisfied. The son less heart. Often had I heard those said nothing, but wept long and bitterly. voices singing in my own peaceful

“ The day of execution came at last.' church, before evil had disturbed, or The great city lay still as on the morn- misery broken them;- but the last word

How un

of the psalm was sung, and the hour of not to be denied the troubled feast of their departure was come.

death. Many who now stood there “ They stood at last upon the scaffold. wished they had been in the heart of That long street, that seemed to stretch some far-off wood or glen; there was away interminately from the old Prison- shrieking and fainting, not only among house, was paved with uncovered heads, maids and wives, and matrons, who had for the moment these ghosts appeared, come there in the mystery of their that mighty crowd felt reverence for hearts, but men fell down in their human nature so terribly tried, and strength, for it was an overwhelming prayers and blessings, passionately thing to behold a father and his only ejaculated, or convulsively stifled, went son now haltered for a shameful death. hovering over all the multitude, as if “ Is my father with me on the scaffold? they feared some great calamity to —give me his hand, for I see him not." themselves, and felt standing on the I joined their hands together, and at that first tremor of an earthquake.

moment the great bell in the Cathedral “ It was a most beautiful summer's tolled, but I am convinced neither of day on which they were led out to die; them heard the sound.—For a moment and as the old man raised his eyes, for there seemed to be no such thing as the last time, to the sky, the clouds lay sound in the world ;-and then all at motionless on that blue translucent arch, once the multitude heaved like the sea, and the sun shone joyously over the and uttered a wild yelling shriek. magnificent heavens. It seemed a day Their souls were in eternity—and I made for happiness or for mercy. But fear not to say, not an eternity of no pardon dropt down from these smil- grief." ing skies, and the vast multitude were

Poetry.

(English Magazines, November, 1821.)

PARTIG.
Yon fleecy cloud that veils the gentle moon,

My Lelia ! seems some lover lingering there,
Whom destiny hath doom'd to sever soon

From all its loves in heaven—that mistress fair.
And now it slowly leaves her, floating bright

Through the soft azure, but more dim appears
As farther from her beams, till, dark as night,

The joyless cloud dissolves in dewy tears.
0! Lelia, we must part! For I have been

At best a cloud upon thy happiness,
Which thou hast render'd bright like that thou' st seen ;

And like it will I flee in dark distress,
To free thy brow from sadness—for 'twill be
Clear as that cloudless moon, when I have pass'd from thee.

C.L.

SON VET.
O sing that sweet and soothing strrain again !

Oft in the quiet night it comes to me,

And memory of the past, and home, and thee,
And joys long gone are ever in its train :
Sweet strains ! sweet days ! if there be hours when pain

O'er pleasure sways, your joys remembering,
Soon can my heast those weaker thoughts restrain,

And nobler musing to my spirit bring -
Nor would I prize the uncertain dawning light

Above the splendour of a noon-day sun ;
Nor live again the hours, however bright,

And full of joy, as when my life begun,
If my faint knowledge of the just and true,

And good and holy must desert me too.

E.T

(Monthly Magazine, Nov.)

MR. JEFFERSON.

THE

upon them.

Stephensiana, No. XX. GENERAL WASHINGTON'S FATHER and judices—how far opinions and conduct

depend on those who have the charge NHE following particulars I had from of tuition—of preparing an exordium the Rev. Mr.

,of—, in A -a fit foundation for the great strucmerica, who was well acquainted with ture, Man. Leaving this induction to Governor Jefferson, and had been actu- the philosopher's judgment, it is suffially at college with him. My authority cient if I state that young

Jefferson's for them is so good, that we may rely tutor happened to be a French Hugue

not, who having suffered injuries and Mr. Washington's father was a young insults, grave and pointed, as the vicEnglishman, who had repaired to Ame- tim of arbitrary power, had conceived rica, and studied mathematics in Wil- the most determined antipathy to liam and Mary College, in the then kingly government. Placed under this Colony of Virginia. Towards the man, whose examples and reasonings latter end of his life, he purchased a were more forcible than his authority, tract of land in that portion of the pro- the political morals of the youth cor. vince which constituted what was called responded with the means of his educathe Back Settlements. So they were at tion, and he became, in doctrine and that period, but such a difference has theory, with scarcely the exception of a taken place, in consequence of the ex- feature, a staunch republican. tension of the Indian country, that they When the unhappy contest took place now form a part of the interior. To with our colonies, Mr. Jefferson carried his house and plantations he gave the his early principles into practice, dename of Monticello,or Little Mountain, claring against the oppressive conduct and there he spent the remainder of his of the mother country-exhorting and days.

encouraging the insurgents to persevere Colonel Wakefield says, that the in their exertions. On the war breakWashington family emigrated from ing out, he acted with great energy and Thorn, in the neighbourhood of Don- spirit, distinguishing himself by his caster, in Yorkshire; and I understand eloquence in popular assemblies, and that traces of them are preserved in the employing his efforts to propagate his church-yard, in the monumental form. own principles. To mark bis disap

Young Jefferson was a boy on the probation of the cruelties exercised by demise of his father, whose moral and the English, he imprisoned a Colonel religious principles, with the arrange- Hamilton in a common jail—as an ments and pursuits he engaged in as a

event subservient to the purposes of man of business, had rendered him re- the Lex Talionis. spectable. During a long minority, the I should have stated previously that, neighbourhood becoming more exten as soon as qualified for that purpose,

he sive and populous, from numerous fa

was sent to William and Mary College, milies removing thither, his property where he studied mathematics, under kept pace with the improvements and Mr. Small, brother of the late Colonel advantages resulting therefrom; so that S., and Greek under Mr. on his attaining the age of 21, considered as one of the most opulent On a Scotch Lady of Quality about to balhe of the Virginians.

in the Sea. It would be a curious speculation to Too lovely Scot, what would'st thou crave trace the extraordinary effects some- From yonder Heaven-directed wave? times produced by education—to dis- Not health, the Loves and Graces cry,

Hygeia beams in either eye; cuss the point of doctrine, how far Not Beauty, for the rose's hue, principles early instilled, become pre- The rose's sweetness dwells with you.

he was

PAUL JONES.

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EXTEMPORE, on seeing the new Barracks was a man much talked of in the world,

at Buckingham House, in 1802, with the and if caressed by the principal actors

link below, towards the head of a Centinel. in different governments, it was personal Such are the glories of great George's reign, merit that constituted the ground of his Below the bayonet, and above the chain ! fame and elevation.

CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.

To deliver my opinion on this subThis brave man was the son of ject, I shall premise that my sentiments Robert Craik, Esq. of Arbiggling, are similar to the language which phicounty of Dumfries, about sixteen losophy has ever assumed. That labour miles distant from the town of that is honourably and profitably employed name. His father died at the advanced by parents in the instruction of their age of ninety, in 1796 or 7. Paul was children, which exlribits and inculcates, his son by a female servant, and as he produces and confirms, mildness and did not wish to own him, that task de- benevolence of character towards their volved on bis gardener, Mr. C-, who fellow animals. Moral improvement had a place in the excise, and late in ought to be a general object, preparatolife he came to an estate of about £30 a ry in education to that which is intellecyear. Paul, during his intancy, was tual. It is not the bipes impennis only brought up on the sea-coast, where Are that can resist and complain. Other biggling is situnted, and a sea-faring species, whatever be their necessary inlife being adapted to his disposition, he equality, are adapted to their different early acquired the habits and manners functions, in the order of beings, and are peculiar to its nature, which the local equally proper for their several destinacircumstances of the people and country tions in the diversity which pervades assisted.

the fitness of things. The choice made by Paul of a pro As those are the best governments, fession, to the dignities of which he as- and the best upheld, which act systempired, contributed, eventually, to his atically on this principle, a portion of rise and celebrity, by lifting him from tuition, public and private, ought to be obscurity, and enabling him to play, at directed accordingly. Parents should least, a secondary part, on the stage of enter fully and minutely into this subpublic politics. The sea proved fatal, ject, as it is a matter of the first imporhowever, to his legitimate brother, the tance to render liberal sentiments comheir to the family estate, who perished patible with extensive knowledge and during a voyage in an open boat, be- mental vigour. tween Arbiggling and Carlisle; his first Man arrogates to himself the proud cousin now enjoys the estate.

title of Lord of the creation : If he is the Paul went to sea, sailed to America, first in dignity, he should extend his and there found himself an humble ad- protection to the dependent creatures, venturer: but his conduct manifesting a part of whom suffer from his unparalall the characteristics of intrepid and leled injustice, supported by his extrapersevering valour, aided by active vi- ordinary power. gilance, his sentiments also being truly The parent who, either from indifferpatriotic, on the war breaking out he ence, or a savage disposition, allows a displayed a degree of vigour, which gave son to be brought up without forming an impulse to American energies, and or correcting his judgment, in accordhis exertions contributed to their assis. ance with the principle here considered, tance, in repelling the aggressions of must expect to reap a crop of ingratiGreat Britain.

tude on the part of the child. Without Paul had military talents, with cool- knowing or wishing to know any thing ness and judgment. In his cruise in the of his family, sure I am that some gross British seas, he signalized alike his skill mismanagement must have taken place and prowess, and from the promptness in the education of the late Mr. Aand decision with which he acted, our of Hampstead, or he could not have officers conceded to him superior under ordered a game fowl to be roasted standing and a determined mind. He alive, because it had refused to fight

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