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in which the potent medicine referred to sun, of a most nourishing nature to herbahas effected relief from tooth-ache, and ceous animals. A similar circumstance ocits success has been so great as to induce curred in the same field about three years

ago. this notice and recommendation of its

NEW INVENTIONS, &c. virtues.


COLLARD and Co. Patent Piano Forte Among other interesting articles in the makers to the King, of Cheapside, Lone Flora Nepalensis, a full and correct botan don; for New Patent Grand and Square ical description of the plant which yielded Piano Fortes, with Harmonic Swell and the spikenard of the ancients may be ex Bridge of Rererberation. pected. This plant is the Valeriana Jata At the suggestion of certain eminent mumansi. It is remarkable that although Sir sicians, a celebrated mathematician some W. Jones was the first who determined this years since directed his attention to enrichpoint, he has by mistake described and ing the tone of piano fortes by the aid of figured another species of Valerian in place harmonics; but his designs were never carof the Jatamansi, viz. V. Hardwickii, or at ried into effect. Clementi and Co., by their least he has confounded this species with present patent invention, obtain this desira. the true one ; for he describes the radical ble improvement, at the addition of a comleaves as being cordate, while the leaves of paratively trifling cost. V. Jalamansi are lanceolate. In Mr. Lam By the “ BRIDGES OF REVERBERATION," bert's rich collection are specimens of the the strings have the effect of being fixed, Jatamansi with fibrous roots; these agree like those of the harp, in the sound-board exactly with what was formerly sold in the itself, instead of being checked by an immeshops, and answer well the description diate attachment to a solid substance. This given by ancient authors, as to the root re- contrivance not only produces a more equal sembling the tail of an ermine.

and rich flow of vibration, but takes away SITOWER OF SNAILS.

the whistling of the large steel strings, so A heavy shower of snails was reported to common and often so disagreeable in grand to have fallen lately near Tockington, in piano fortes on the usual construction. It Gloucestershire. Ground, to the extent of also gives the great advantage of turning all two acres, is said to have been covered those portions of the strings beyond the with them. These supposed specimens of original bridge, which were before useless, the sideral system, were eagerly purchased to the augmentation and perfection of the by the curious and the credulous, who will

tone produced on the main body of the inprobably be somewhat surprised to learn,

strument by means of the “ HARMONIG that they may pick up bushels of similar

SWELL." Tarities in favorable situations, any morn

In expressive movements and legato pas. ing between the hours of four and six sages the addition of the harmonics, indeo'clock. The natural history of this snail pendent of the beauty of sound, procures is accurately given in Montague's Testacea an advantage which must be obvious to every Britannica. Its name is Felix Virgata ; or

one, since it effects that continuity of vibra. Zoned Snail shell. “ It may be consider. tion which, somewhat like the bow of a vioed,” he

says, as a local species ; but is lin, makes one note glide into another; and found in prodigious abundance in some

as this effect is produced without at all insandy or barren stony situations, most tersering with the dampers, the bass may * plentifully near the coast, especially about be played staccato whilst the treble is played

Whitsand-bay, Cornwall, and in the South legato, and vice versa. The whole volume of Devonshire, where it is believed they of tone called forth by the harmonic swell contribute not a little to fatten sheep, the and damper pedal combined, is of extraorground being covered with them.” This dinary richness and power; and in passages snail oceurs also abundantly in the neigh- requiring bold coutrast, dramatic energy, bourhood of Bristol, and county of Somer

or sustained grandeur, will be found of sin. set. On approaching heat they are ob- gular efficacy. The great improvement given served to leave their hiding-place near the by this new construction also to the extra roots of grass, crawling upon the leaves additional keys in the treble, must be conand plants near it, and thus becoming visi- sidered very important, since all the great ble to the superficial observer. From this continental composers and performers now remark of Montague, and the well-known employ them so frequently in passages of fact that snails furnish much nourishing brilliant effect; and since they are found so matter, it would be perhaps best for the highly useful not only for duetts by two per. farmer belonging to the field at Tockington

sons on the same instrument, but for giving to turn into it a flock of sheep, which would the master an opportunity of marking the sonn crush the spails in eating them with character of passages above, whilst the schothe grass, and they would doubtless im- lar is practisiug them in the octave below. prove thereby. In this phenomenon, the The additional pedal for fixing" the keys philosophic mind will easily trace the pro on two strings is found very convenient,as it vision of nature to render these snails (fat leaves the feet to be employed on the barmotened near the roots of the succulent grass) nic swell and damper pedal during a delicate a pasture, whep parched] by thefrays of the strain, or for the purpose of accompaniment.

The simple principle on which the im- sound, somewhat resembling the richness of proved grand piano forte cases are con an octave below. structed is of such efficacy as to resist an From this essential improvement the paimmensely greater force than the most ex tentee's second invention is derived, which tensive compass of string can possibly pro- is as follows :duce. The advantage of this, in keeping On the old plan of passing the strings dithe instrument in tune and counteracting the rectly from the side of the case to the origieffects of climate, are sufficiently obvious. nal bridge on the sound-board, it became

From the long and deep attention bestow. necessary, in order to prevent the jarring ed on the structure of piano fortes, and the noise of those portions of the wire which lie eminent success with which every hint for between them, not only to place some soft their improvement has been pursued, we

substance on the top of the moulding, but were not prepared to expect any invention also to weave a piece of cloth between the that might add to the general powers of the strings. instrument, although among the prodigious

The second improvement, which the paassistance mechanics are able to lend to art, tentee calls the harmonic swell, substitutes a we should not have doubted that there might novel action for those portions of the strings be get some particular parts susceptible of which lie between the two bridges, yielding a superior construction. The object of Mr.

most sweet and melodious tones. The perCOLLARD's invention is however general, former, by lifting a valve, is enabled to elicit and it imparts not only a new and richer those harmonious sounds through a welldegree of tone, but it submits a choice of known sympathetic relation between accordfresh varieties and degrees to the player, ant strings, without touching those portions which can hardly fail to call forth novel and of the strings which produce them. The beautiful effects in performance.

augmentation of sound caused by this means, Freedom of vibration, power, richness and resembles in some measure the effect of liftequality of tone, being the great and essen- ing the dampers, but without producing the tial qualities to be desired in piano fortes, same confusion, since every note on the the attention of the patentee appears to have

body of the instrument is regularly damped been directed generally to the discovery of as the performer lifts his finger. By this some principle by which these requisites apparatus a threefold power of augmenting could be obtained in a higher degree than by the sound is acquired ; whereas instruments the plan hitherto employed in their construc

of the common construction have but the one tion. The mechanism used having been al. caused by lifting the dampers. ready brought to a very high degree of ex

The first augmentation of power is by liftcellence, it seemed manifest that if the quali

ing the harmonic swell. ties sought after could at all be produced to

The second-by dropping the harmonic the extent desired, they must either result

swell and raising the dampers. from a new construction of the sound-board,

The third-by raising the harmonic swell or from the mode of applying the strings, or

and the dampers together. By the last means from both means combined.

the performer adds all the tones which are The mechanism of each description of pi.

sympathetically elicited from the strings beano fortes now commonly in use he leaves tween the original bridge and bridge of renearly in the same state as that employed by

verberation, over and above all that can be the most eminent manufacturers, so that the

produced on instruments of the common conperformer has no new difficulties whatever struction, and the effect is accordingly of exto encounter from the application of Mr. traordinary richness and power. COLLARD's inventions.

These inventions are alike applicable to The cases or frame-work of grand piano upright, cabinet, and square piano-fortes ; fortes he constructs on a simple principle, the latter of which acquire by this new mode of so great strength as to enable them to re of construction, much of the richness and sist the effects of climate, and a far greater depth of tone peculiar to grand instruments. power than the combined pull of the strings

The improvements, as simple in themselves produce. The improvement, that is the ba

as their effects are striking, enable the player sis on which the other is founded, is an ad- greatly to extend the variety of his performditional bridge on the sound-board, not for ance, and are acknowledged by the first prothe purpose of regulating musical intervals, fessional judges to have given a new characbut of augmenting the duration of the vibra ter to the instrument of the most effective tion, and consequently increasing and beau- kind. That which we heard appeared to us tifying the tone. This bridge, which he to produce the kind of prolonged tone which calls the bridge of reverberation,' is placed arises in a room of fine resonance, and the at a regulated distance on the sound-board; power was certainly vastly augmented. Upand the important advantage resulting from

on the whole, the inventor seems to have it is, that the motion given to the principal accomplished far more than could bave been part of the string by the impulse of the ham- expected, after the very high state of immer, is kept up by the bridge of reverbera- provement the piano-forte had already attion, instead of being suddenly checked by tained. an attachment to an unyielding substance. In the press, a Historical Romance, in The prolonged vibration produces an extra four volumes, called the Festival of Mora. ordioary purity, power, and continuity of By Mrs. Sidney Stanhope.

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each :

Xntelligence. THE author of the Scottish novels, de. small vessel with a complement of men, and

intrusted the command to Lieutenant Beeshines," announces another work under the chey. The vessel is intended to sail round title of the PIRATE. This gentleman must the coast, and to wait upon the expedition, be regarded as the most fortunate writer of which will only proceed so far in the intethis or any other age. We congratulate rior as will allow an easy return to the coast, him on his success, and heartily wish that The expedition will start from Tripoli, to other genius in higher walks of literature the Bey of which a communication has been met with corresponding rewards. The pro- despatched from this government to request fits, however, of these novels, at the price assistance, which will, no doubt, be affordwhich the author puts upon his copies, are ed. Libya, the country about to be explored, worthy of being recorded in the annals of is that which in ancient times contained the literature. His first editions are 20,000 two countries of Cyrenaica and Marmorica. copies, (we have heard even of 30,000) and South of Marmorica, which our countrymen to this is usually added another of 10,000. will visit, and in the midst of she sands of The following then is something like the ac- the Libyan Desert, was a small and beauticount between him and his printer, for a ful spot, refreshed by streams and luxuriant novel of three volumes of fifteen 'sheets with verdure, in which stood the Temple,

£ so celebrated in antiquity, of Jupiter Am1800 reams of paper, 268.

2340 mon. The expedition will, in all probaPrinting 45 sheets, at 211.

945 bility, be engaged three or four years. Advertising

100 Mir. ROBERT BLOOMFIELD, author of the Commission, and other expences 600 Farmer's Boy, &c. announces a new work,

under the title of the May-Day of the

3995 Muses. Taking the returns at only 11. Is.

Dr.Jous Mason Good, F.R. S. will speed. per copy, the retail price being $ 21,000 ke title of The Study of Medicine, com

ily publish a body of medical science, under 11. lls. 6d. we have a net produce of

prising its Physiology, Pathology, and PracProfit on first edition .

17,015 tice, in four volumes, 8vo. These volumes, If to this be added 80001. for the profit of in addition to that lately published on Nosothe second edition, it appears that each of logy, will complete the author's design; those novels of three volumes, yields the and constitute an entire body of Medical enormous profit of 25,0161. and if the copies Science, adapted equally to the use of lec. were sold at the usual price of 21s. to the turers, practitioners, and students. public, the profit would still be 15,0001. Of Memoirs of the Court of King James the course two of these publications per annum First, by Lucy Alkin, are priming in 2 vls. yields to their fortunate author 50,0001. per A plan has been lately suggested, and will annum. Such a case of reward for mode. be acted upon in Edinburgh, for instructing rate exertions of genius and labour has no by lectures and demonstrations, the opera. parallel. We have been taught to wonder tive mechanics of that city in the principle at the proceeds of three or 40001. for the of those branches of science, which are uselectures of the ancient philosophers repeat- ful in the various trades that are carried on ed twice a year; at the 35001 paid to Dr. there. It may readily be conceived that to Johnson for his Dictionary; at the 60001. the ingenious men who will have the oppornetted by Mr. Pope for his translation of tunity of deriving benefit from these lectures Homer; at the 30001. paid to Mr. Moore and scientific demonstrations, the stimulus for his Lalla Rookh ; and at the 30001. paid to improvement and to invention will be to Sir Walter Scott for some of his poems; powerful indeed. In our metropolis, like. at the 10001. paid to Mrs. Radcliffe for her wise, it is to be anticipated that similar op. Mysteries of Udolpho, and to Miss Burney portunities of instruction in the mechanic for her last novel : but the author's profits arts, and in those branches of science which on these repeated productions transcend are applicable to them, and adapted to the every former example of literary remuner- previous acquirements of the working artiation.

zan and mechanic, would be eminently useAn expedition has been formed to explore ful; and it appears reasonable to hope that certain parts of Africa which border upon no obstacles would present themselves to Egypt. The object of the present expedi- such a scheme but what could be readily tion is the discovery of the remains of Greek surmounted. The establishment of such and Roman edifices, which, it is conjectured, schools of instruction would probably sucare scattered in different parts of Libya. ceed if left to private adventure, and if they The gentleman who has been chosen by should, no national aids to set them in anogovernment, with the approbation of his tion would be required. Majesty, to superintend this expedition, is The late Dr. VICESIMUS Kxox's Spirit of Mr. Beechy, many years secretary to Mr. Despotism will appear early in the present Salt, the English consul in Egypt. The month, in a handsome octavo volume, with Lords of the Admiralty have fitted out a a Preface by the editor.

New-Year Address



Written by a Young Lady of Boston.

Pause ! at the portal of the coming yearWhere swings the mighty gate, when Time draws near, And closes aster, ne'er to open more, Till dates, and years, and Time himself are o'er,Hope with her eager gaze stands looking through, Dreads not the gloom intense that mocks her view; Shields with her hand her raised, uplifted eye, And begs one ray of prescience from on high. While, ling'ring near, her pensive sister turns To sigh o'er scenes for which her bosom yearns ; Fain would retrace the past, whate'er betide, Weeps o'er its sorrows, loves the friends it tried, Regrets its pleasures, marks its wisdom fail, And draws a moral from the useful tale.

Full well may one short year its scenes renew, Calm and distinct to Mem'ry's busy view : And all its sickness, sorrow, cares and tears, Or all its lively joys and groundless fears, And hopes that suffer'd no untimely blight, In soft remembrance of the Past unite.The awful Past! thick studded with bright names, Where Glory streams with mild, but living flames, Throws a rich halo round the hero's head, And sheds her radiance o’er the mighty dead ! A strange, blest contrast with the starless gloom Where glimmering phantoms through the darkness loom, And clouds and silence rest upon the deep Where coming ages in the Future sleep.The calm, but oh! the never silent Past ! Whose low, deep voice, while Heav'n and Earth shall last, Shall breathe its solemn tale to mortal ears ; And like the moaning which the sailor hears When storms are rising o'er the chafing deep, And winds are waking from cloud-cradled sleep, Shall sound its awful warning from afar, Telling of revolutions dire, and war ; Of altars prostrate on some unknown spot, Their name and worship both alike forgot; Of empires mouldering to their awful fall, Of crownless sovereigns laid without a pall, Unhonour'd and unwept by all the train Who swelled their pomp, when Fortune smil'd in vain ! Year after year the mighty page shall grow, Where History traces tales of varied woe, And notes, while tears th’unconscious lines bedew, Man's guilty heroes, and his pious few ; And points to chronicles of years gone by As half prophetic of those yet to fly. One now flits onward to its speedy close ! Its task is done! and all its joys or woes Dispens'd as Heaven saw best for human weal! Joy hath it brought to some ; and set the seal Of full completion on long-cherish'd vows, Bound wreaths on some, a crown on one man's brows. But some are weeping o'er the robe of black, And dread the day which brings tõo keenly back The sad remembrance of those hopes-so vainWhich fondly thought to hail that day again, With smiles and blessings on the much lov'd head,

Now laid unconscious mid the silent dead.
Sickness hath laid her blighting hand on some,
And bid the blooming cheek of youth become
A pale forewarner of the early grave,
While Friendship weeps to think she cannot save.
Trials and cares, and all the ruder shocks
Which man must know, have thinn'd perhaps the locks
That, one year since, were yet untouch'd by Time;
Warning Life's pilgrim of a ruder clime,
Announcing Age with all its hoary snows,
Its sober pleasures, its peculiar woes.
And some-sad tribute to the ling'ring year!
Claim on the fresh carv'd stone a bitter tear.
Some, who had crown'd the season of their days,
Sow'd, watch'd and reap'd the harvest of their praise,
Mark'd generations rising round their knees,
Tried each vicissitude of pain or ease,
Toil'd through a long and ever-shifting scene,
And staid to ripen all youth's promise green,
Have gone, at length, to lay the silver'd head
Where Sorrow comes not to molest the dead.
We miss, we mourn the venerable man
Who scatter'd blessings while his course he ran ;
But Reason checks the too strong tide of grief,
And bids a better world afford relief.
The good man's memory dwells within the heart,
But there inflicts no deep and cureless smart.
Alas ! how vain is Faith or Reason's voice
When all the soul had held most dear and choice,
Youth with its promise, beauty with its bloom,
Are swept, at once, untimely to the tomb !
When Fancy paints not only all that was,
But all that might have been, had Nature's laws
Spared but that one dear object of our hope,
The pledge of comfort for Life's downward slope !
Spring with its blossoms, Summer in its pride,
Autumn and Winter as they swiftly glide,
Bring not the balm which Time is wont to shed
On hearts that grief has wrung until they bled.
Yet years roll on, and each one in its turn
Bids thousands more the lot of sorrow learn.
The gay may laugh, the reckless wretch may scofi,
While countless throngs are swept unnotic'd off,
And busy death his ceaseless office plies :
Whiles Pestilence o'er crowded cities flies,
Hovers, and shakes the poison from her wings;
While War's loud clangour o'er a nation rings ;
And Ocean opes his wide untravers'd realms
To thousands, trusting in their faithless helms.
Famine is gnawing with her blunted fangs
Unnumbered wretches, writhing in her pangs ;
Suffering and toil, where'er man's haughty race
Have trod the soil, and found a resting place,
Pursue him close, nor leave one season free,
Till comes the last, and man must cease to be!

Cease! busy dream! Man suffers, it is true :
But life has gayer, happier moments too.
The past may warn-it should not be forgot:
But on the present hangs our future lot.
Hail ! coming Year! whate'er thy course may bring,
We know from whence our joys and sorrows spring.
If trial wait, submiss we kiss the rod;
If fortune smile, we breathe our thanks to God!

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" THE SPIRIT OF THE ENGLISH MAGAZINES" These solemn truths with choicest pastime blends. Reader! unchill'd by Winter's cheerless scenes, For thee the grateful Carrier's pray't ascends.

Boston, January 1, 1822.

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