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The following anecdote is related by sons ? Since I have stripped them of Mr. Buckingham of Hadjee Ahmet Pa- every thing, what good will it do them sha of Acre, commonly called Jezzar, to be let loose again naked into the or the Butcher:

world? The greatest part of them are " He was a man famous for his per- governors, who, if they return to their sonal strength, his ferocious courage, posts, will be forced to ruin a great his cruelty, and his insatiable avarice, many poor people, in order to replace as well as for the great power which the the wealth which I have taken from active exertion of all these qualities to- them; so it is besı, both for their own gether procured from him. Some short sakes and for that of others, that I should time before his decease, he was con- destroy them. They will then be soon scious of the approach of death; but in a place where they will neither be so far from showing any remorse for permitted to molest any one, nor be his past actions, or discovering any in- themselves exposed to molestation. dications of a wish to make atonement Yes, Yes! that's best !-dispatch for them, the last moments of this ty- them!' In obedience to the charitable rant were employed in contriving fresh conclusion of this pathetic apostrophe, murders, as if to close, with new hor- twenty-three wretches were immediaterors the bloody tragedy of his reign. ly added to the long list of the victims Calling to hiin his father-in-law, Sheikh of Jezzar Pasha's cruelty; and, it is Taha, as he himself lay on the bed of said, they were all of them thrown inte death, • I perceive,' said he, that I the sea together, as the most expeditious have but a short time to live. What mode of execution." must I do with these rascals in my pri

To be continued

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Varieties.

(English Magazines, November 1821.) SNUFF-TAKING.

writer flatter himself, that Rappee anů " When they talked of their Raphaels, Corregios, High Toast are so easily put down. and stuff,

He
may

denounce our noses as “ dustHe shifted his trumpet and only took enuff.” holes” if he will—but what precious I OFTEN take a pinch myself— dust !—what an aider of thought-what

and though I never yet have care a solamen curarum—what a helpmate ried a box, I know enough of the hu- of existence, Big apoyan as Plato said man nose, and its tendency after long of the olive !—what a soother of irritaindulgence, to exact as a matter of right bility, as Sir Joshua found it. Let this what was originally granted as a favour, anti-nasal declaimer just step into to make great allowances for those who Messrs. Fribourg and Pontets, and do; I can, therefore, fully sympathise he'll soon see, in the formidable array in the feelings of a numerous and re- of robust and well-battalioned jars, what spectable portion of the community, an unequal contest he has undertaken who complain with some indignation, to wage against one of the most popular of the uncharitable attack upon their usages of his country :-jars containing private habits in a late Number of the every modification of sternulatory maNew Monthly.* Certain epithets, alto- terials, collected from every quarter of gether unworthy a civilized Journal, the globe, and sanctioned, many of them, are there levelled at a very antient and in emblazoned characters, by the highharmless custom; and though backed est names in Europe, from Hardham's by the authority of an English peer, No. 37, for rough sneezers, down to the bear unequivocal marks of that radical delicate and costly Maccabau, whose spirit, which, as far as a hatred of to- essence is so subtle and pervading, that bacco is concerned, cannot be too vehe- like Desdemona's charms, it makes the mently reprobated. But let not the .“ senses ache” with exuberance of de• Article on Noses.

light. There is Martinique, pungent,

aromatic, and best after dinner ; Ma- countenance. Who, for example, ever sulapatam, its name and odour trans- heard of the freedom of a city being porting the fancy to the gorgeous East; presented in a splendid fiddle-case ? or French Bureau, every grain of which a foreign ambassador, on the eve of degives a man a feel of business ; The parture, requested to accept, as an esKing of Prussia's, compounded from pecial mark of Royal approbation, a Frederick’s receipt, expressly for he- valuable soup-ladle, or a beautifully roes and statesmen ; Fine Spanish, wrought cork-screw ?--No such thing; with which Bonaparte gained all his the bare idea excites derision ; but for victories; Mr. Vansittart's, usually ages past, both in England and other called for by writers and readers of European states, the snuff-box has been plans for paying off the National Debt; the favoured vehicle of privilege and Violet and a-la-Rose, for noviciates and honour; and it requires little argudandies and, above all, the inimitablement to shew, that a preference so long Lundy Foot, that master-spirit in established and acquiesced in, must sneezing matters, whose single genius have solid reasons on its side, that canhas done more for the human nose than not now be shaken by all the sophiscombined discoveries of every preced- tries of ridicule or abuse. I once asking tobacconist or amateur, and whose ed an ingenious friend,“ how the organ

name, though he now is “ laid in dust,” of smelling had contrived to come in · flourishes, and will flourish, as long as for all this honour ?”—His reply was:

the world shall keep in view that car “ clearly because it is now considerdinal maxim, to establish which his life ed the seat of honour. The old Hawas devoted—that snuff in its perfec- dibrastic notion is exploded—at least tion should be taken dry. Nor let it if that noble quality dwells before, bebe supposed, that these and the many yond a doubt, its head-quarters are the others I might enumerate, operate sole- nose-pull it, even with the most cirly as physical excitants ; no, the imagi- cumspect gentleness, and how incuranation comes in for its full share of the ble the insult. Now it being of the esenjoyment. When we take a pinch sence of honour, to be as alive to benefor instance of Napoleon's favourite, fits as it is sensitive to outrage, hence (fine Spanish above-mentioned, how its visible dwelling-place has been made soul-stirring to feel that we are doing the subject of all these costly gifts, preprecisely what the hero himself did af cisely on the principle of the pagan ofter the battle of Marengo. Again, ferings of old, at the shrine of some what a fund of delicious association is high-minded but irritable divinity.” thrown in, without any extra charge, The writer whom I am refuting exin a fresh canister of Wellington's or presses extraordinary wonder at the Lord Petersham's--what a conscious continuing prevalence of snufi-taking. community of tastes !—what a grate- I recommend to his consideration two ful levelling of distinctions, without dis- facts : First, it is equally a luxury of turbing the public peace, or Mr. Bir- the rich and the poor, and almost the nie! How cheering to our self-love to only luxury which the rich have not reflect that, however exalted above us discarded, because the poor can afford these great men may be in other re- to enjoy it. I put it to his candour, spects, their nostrils fare no better than whether there be not here some proof, our own. Let the libeller of noses “ that there must be a pleasure in snuflthink of this, and pause before he re- taking, which snuff-takers only know.” news his unseemly vituperation. Let - Secondly, it has ever been a favourhim further consider, that his invectives ite custom with men the most distindirectly tend to bring into contempt guished for gevius in every department some very venerable ceremonies, adopt- of intellect: I have already named a ed after mature deliberation, for civic few, Sir Joshua, Frederick, Napoleon, and state occasions, where, while, the and Mr. Vansittart; and it is generally other senses are disregarded, we see the considered, that without some suci pleasures of the noses elected as most help the minds of those eminent perworthy of public favour and princely sons, however naturally elevated, could

not have risen so high, or soared sovented to satify the universal craving long. I might multiply examples with- for excitement. out number. In my own poor way, I

Were it possible for the mind to have found what an aid it is to inspira- seize at a single view the occupations tion. A celebrated Irish writer of the of all the inhabitants of the globe, it present day, being asked, where he had would be somewhat curious to behold got one of his most brilliant fancies, re- the numbers that at any given point of plied with equal truth and candour, time, are busily and solely employed in

where I got all the rest, in Lundy raising their animal spirits to the agreeFoot's shop ;" and (to give one more able point of elevation, and to compare contemporary instance, the frequenters the various artifices adapted for this of the Italian Opera cannot fail to ob- purpose. Of the eight hundred milserve, that the admirable leader of the lions, the computed number of the band there, no sooner perceives a diffi- whole, we should have so many milcult Obligato coming upon him, than lions or thousands throwing off drams ; he invariably prepares his mind by a so many sipping coffee; so many mashasty pinch for that exquisite con- ticating opium, and other exhilarating ception of his subject, which his tones extracts; so many dancing, singing, and execution never fail to communi- hunting or gambling, all to keep of the cate.

tedium vitæ. Some must have mimic But to go an inch or two deeper into scenes of bloodshed on the stage ; some the subject : when a man takes a pinch must see men kill one another in earnof smufi

, he exemplifies one of the most est; for others a mortal cock-fight is a remarkable principles of human nature sufficient stimulant. Some keep the --the love of excitation. Nature has vapours at bay by talking politics, othgiven our blood and thoughts a certain ers by talking scandal, millions by talkrapidity of movement, but we find it ing of themselves. Some droop if the more agreeable to set them going a lit- world neglects to praise them, and of tle faster, or (the more usual case,) we these, some prefer a full draught of adjade them by excessive exercise, and ulation at stated intervals, while others, must have recourse to artificial stimu- among whom are authors, actors, lants to restore their vigour—else we crowned heads, and handsome ladies, are the victims of ennui, Anglicé, the must be tippling it from morning till blue devils. We become harsh and night. Some take to the excitement of testy ; we torment our families, distrust hot suppers; others to ghost stories ; our friends. If we are rich enough to others to authentic accounts of earthtravel, we fly from place to place, quakes, murders, and conflagrations. “ seeking comfort and finding none.

But it were endless to proceed ; money If weare poets, we write sonnets against making, nioney-spending; fanatical dethe human race, magnanimously in- votion; auto-de-fes; Indian torturing cluding ourselves. If the wars are rag.

of prisoners; sight-seeing ; last new ing, we long for the tumult of the camp; novels ; in a word, many of men's ocwe somehow feel that cutting-off the cupations and most of their amuseheads of half a dozen Frenchmen, ments—what are they but the several would prove a great relief. If it be ways of attaining the same end : and time of peace, we stay at home and happy they who have so regulated their pine away; and unless some real ca- passions, as to require no other stimulamity should fortunately step in to di- lant than a few diurnal sneezes to keep vert our thoughts, the chance is, that their minds in good humour with the we call in the razor or the pistol to ter- world and themselves. minate the scene. This is an extreme case, though not an imaginary one, as

The Paris papers mention, that the stone every coroner can tell ; but the inter- June, at Javinas, in the department of Art

which fell from the clouds on the 23d of mediate degrees are felt more or less by deché, now exhibiting to the public. all, and the application of powdered Severa! amateurs have made proposals for tobacco to the nose, is only one of the purchasing this wondernu stone, which has thousand methods that have been in- ralists, "An English mineralogist bas, we

excited great speculation among the natu

AEROLITE.

understand, offered a considerable sum struck at once across the country, in order for it.

to get as speedily as possible to a point, COWPER.

where the rocks and woods, hanging over The residence of Cowper at Olney, in the deep bed of the Findhorn, first begin to Buckinghamshire, has long been uninhab- be crowned by steep and lofty mountains, ited, and is now in an advanced state of receding in long and misty perspective. dilapidation. Some of the neighbours, This was the grand pass into the boundless however, on the day of the coronation, waste frequented by the robbers; and here procured boughs and flowers from Cowper's Mr. R. forded the river to its southern bank, favourite walk, at Weston-under-wood, and and took his stand with his little party, well decorated the outside of the house with oak, aware, that if he could not intercept his laurel, and wreaths of flowers, to his mem cattle here, he might abandon all further ory.

search after them. A HIGHLAND ANECDOTE.

The spot chosen for the ambuscade was a The field of Culloden and the scenes of beautiful range of scenery, known by the cruelty which followed it, though fatal to name of the Streens. So deep is the holthe hopes of the Highlanders, who enthu- low in many places, that some of the litsiastically espoused the cause of Charles, tle cottages, with which its bottom is here yet did not utterly crush their hardy and and then sprinkled, have Caelic appellations, predatory disposition. The clansmen re: implying, that they never see the sun. There tired, it is true, to the rocky fastnesses of were no houses near them ; but the party their secret glens ; but still they mourned lay concealed amongst some huge fragtheir cottages burned, and their wives and ments of rocks, shivered by the wedging children massacred at dead of night, or ar ice of the previous winter, from the sumrested in melancholy flight by death, amidst mit of a losty crag, that hung half across. the snows of winter. Savage heroism was the narrow holm where they stood. A litnot altogether subdued within them by ca tle way further down the river, the passage lamities calculated to bend less lofty souls was contracted to a rude and scrambling to the very dust of subjection. With them footpath, and behind them the glen was the effect was like that produced by at- equally confined. Both extremities of the tempting to curb the mountain cataract, small amphitheatre were shaded by almost they were divided into smaller and less im- impenetrable thickets of birch, hazel, alder, portant bodies, and their power was no and holly, whilst a few wild pines found a longer forcible in its native stream ; but scanty subsistence for their roots, in mideach individual portion seemed to gain a way air, on the face of the crags, and were particular character and consequence of its twisted and writhed for lack of pourishown, by separation from the main body, ment, into a thousand fantastic and picwhere it had been undistinguished and un turesque forms. The serene sun of a beauobserved. It was thus that, lurking in little tiful summer's day was declining, and half parties, among pine-clad precipices, in the narrow haugh was, in broad and deep caverns known only to themselves, they shadow, beautifully contrasted by the brilnow waged a minor warfare,—that which liant golden light that fell on the wooded had the plundering of cattle for its object. bank on the other side of the river. But let us not look upon those men, driven Such was the scene where Mr. R. posted as it were to desperation, as we do upon his party; and they had not waited long, the wretched cow-stealers of the present listening in the silence of the evening, wbeur day. That which is now considered as one they heard the distant lowing of the cattle, of the basest of crimes, was then, in the and the wild shouts of the reavers, reeyes of the mountaineer, rather an hon- echoed as they approached by the surourable and chivalrous profession. Noth- rounding rocks The sound came ing was then more creditable than to be and nearer; and, at last, the crashing of the leader of a daring band, to harry the the boughs announced the appearance of low country of its live stock, and, above all, the more advanced part of the drove, and it was conceived to be perfectly fair to drive the animals began to issue slowly from the * Moray-land, where every gentleman had tangled wood, or to rush violently forth, as a right to take his prey."

the blows or shouts of the drivers were It was about this period, and, though it more or less impetuous. As they came out, may surprise many, it was not much inore they collected themselves into a groupe, than fifty years ago, that Mr. R. a gentle and stood bellowing, as if unwilling to proman of the low country of Moray, was ceed farther. In the rear of the last of the awakened early in a morning by the un- herd, Mr R. saw, bursting singly from difpleasing intelligence of the Highlanders ferent parts of the brake, a party of fourbaring carried off the whole of his cattle teen Highlanders, all in the full costume of from a distant hill, grazing in Brae Moray, the mountains, and armed with dirk, pistols, a few miles above the junction of the rapid and claymore, and two or three of them rivers Findhorn and Livie, and between carrying antique fowling-pieces. Mr. R's both. He was an active man, so that, after party consisted of not more than ten or a few questions put to the breathless mes- eleven ; but, telling them to be firm, he senger, he lost not a moment in summon drew them forth from their ambuscade, and ing and arming several servants; and, in- ranged them on the green turf. · With some stead of taking the way to his farm, he exclamations of surprise, the robbers, at

nearer

the shrill whistle of their leader, rushed for colonies, 900,000; Africa, about 130,000; wards and ranged themselves in front of in the Mediterranean, 150,000 ; colonies their spoil. Mr. R. and his party stood and dependencies in Asia, 2,040,000 ; and their ground with determination, whilst the our other extensive territories in the East robbers appeared to hold a council of war. Indies, perhaps 70,000 of souls. The whole At last their chief, a little athletic man, population of the British Empire will, at with long red hair curling over his shoul- that rate, contain 95,220,000 of souls. The ders, and with a pale and thin, but acute Russian, the next highest in the scale of civ. visage, advanced a little way beyond the ilized nations,contains 50,000,000 ; France, rest. " Mr. R." said he, in a loud voice, 30,000,000 ; and Austria an equal number. and speaking good English, though in a – The Roman Empire, in all its glory, Highland accent, “are you for peace or contained 120,000,000, one half of whom war? if for war, look to yourself: if for were slaves. When we compare its situapeace and treaty, order your men to stand tion with that of the British empire, in fast, and advance to meet me.”—“I will power, wealth, resources, and industry, in treat,” replied Mr. R.-—" but can I trust to the arts, sciences, commerce, and agriculyour keeping faith?"" Trust to the hon- ture, the preponderance of the latter in the our of a gentleman !" rejoined the other scale of nations and empires, is great and with an imperious air. The respective pare most remarkable. The tonnage employed ties were ordered to stand their ground, in the merchants' service is about 2,64),160 and the two leaders advanced about seventy tons for G. Britain ; the exports 51,000,000, or eighty paces cach, towards the middle of including 11,000,000 foreign and colonial; the space, with their loaded guns cocked, the imports, 36,000,000. The navy during and presented at each other. A certain the last war consisted of 1000 ships of war; sum was demanded for the restitution of the seannen

at present in the merchants' the cattle : Mr. R. had not so much about service are about 174,000; the net revenue him, but he offered to give what money he of the state £57,000,000. The capital of had in his pocket, being a few pounds short the empire contains 1,200,000 persons, the of what the robber bad asked. The bar- same number which Rome contained in the gain was concluded,--the money paid,- days of her greatest strength. The value the guns uncocked and shouldered, -and fixed on landed property in Great Britain, the two parties advanced to meet each as calculated by Mr. Pitt in the year 1797, other in perfect harmony. “ And now," £1,600,000,000, and it may now be fairly said the leader of the band, "you must taken at £2,000,000,000. The cotton man. look at your beasts to see that none of them ufactures of the country are immense, and be wanting." Mr R. did so. They are reach in the exports to £20,000,000, or one all here," said he “but one small dun half of the whole. In short, taking every quey.”—“Make yourself easy about her," thing into consideration, the British empire, replied the other, “ she shall be in your in power and strength, may be stated as pasture before daylight to-morrow morn the greatest that ever existed on earth, as it ing.” The treaty being thus concluded, far surpasses them in knowledge, moral the robbers proceeded up the glen, and character, and worth. On her dominions were soon hid beneath its thick foliage; the sun never sets ; before his evening rays whilst Mr. R's people took charge of the leave the spires of Quebec, his morning cattle and began to drive them homewards. beams have shone three hours on Port The reaver was as good as his word; the Jackson, and while sinking from the waters next morning the dun quey was seen gråz- of Lake Superior, his eye opens upon the ing with the herd. Nobody knew how she 'Mouth of the Ganges. came there ; but her jaded and draggled appearance bespoke the length and the nature of the night journey she had per- ed to match Prior's account of all the Voy:

A volume is in the press which is intendo formed.

ages round the World, under the title of The

Universal Trareller it will contain an abStatistic Views. stract of the chief books of travels in all

countries, and be illustrated with one hunCENSUS OF 1821.

dred engravings. The population in Great-Britain, at the Moses Samuel, Esq.of Liverpool, has preCensus in 1811, was 11,800,000, exclusive sented to the Library of the Atheneum a of the army and navy, then about 50,000. Manuscript Pentateuch, or Sacred Law of From the returns, so far as published, un the Jews. This curiosity is written on a roll der the present census, it appears the in- of five vellum, four inches wide, and upcrease is about fifteen per cent. This will wards of forty-five feet long; it is attached make the population of Great Britain at at each end to an ivory roller, and the whole present to be 14,000,000 of souls. Ireland is enclosed in a splendid case of crimson contains 6,500,000 people, making the pop- velvet. A special meeting of the committee ulation of the British dominions in Europe was summoned for the purpose of receiving 20,500,000. The population of our North this valuable present; and an ark was orAmerican possessions cannot be less than dered to be prepared for its preservation, 1,500,000; the population of the West India under Mr. Samuel's directions

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