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life being shortened, it is supposed, by his brother William Duke of Cumbergrief for her father's cruel fate. The land, the hero of Culloden, from the Duke of Monmouth, natural son of bursting of a blood vessel. Edward Charles II. was beheaded for a rebellion Duke of York, second son of the Prince against James II. his pretensions to the of Wales and next brother of his late throne being utterly destroyed by the Majesty, died at Genoa of a malignant loss of the battle of Sedgemoor. George fever, in the 28th year of his age. His Prince of Denmark, consort of Queen third and fourth brothers, the Dukes of Anne, died of the dropsy, and their Cumberland and Gloucester, also died eldest son William, Duke of Gloucester, in the prime of life; and his youngest was cut off by a fever in his twelfth brother Frederick at the early age of year. Their five other children all seventeen. The fate of his sister Madied in infancy, so that on the death of tilda, the unfortunate Queen of DenAnne, the Protestant line of the House mark, is well known: and the deaths of Stuart became extinct. Frederick which have occurred in the Royal famiPrince of Wales, eldest son of George ly since that period, are too recent to II. died of an abscess in the lungs; and require repetition.

CHAP. X.

Original Voyages.

of the island to see the poo’nu’ee, as Voyage to the Sandwich Islands ; Supersti- they call a great gun. They were all tious Omen ; Death of a Chief; Remark, very particular in measuring its length, Customs connected with these Rites.- breadth, and size of the bore. After Whymea.Different trading trips, to show the chiefs had carefully inspected every the Nature of the Island Commerce. part of the brig, John Young was asked OUR passage to the Sandwich Isl- his opinion of her. He told Mr. Pitt

ands, was quick and pleasant. On she would answer their purpose very the 6th of December we made Owhy- well. Kreymokoo upon this agreed hee, stood alongshore towards Toyhoy- to give twice the full of the vessel of “bay, and ran in. Finding no natives sandal-wood for her, to be delivered in came off, we sent the whale-boat on a space of time not exceeding six shore to learn the reason. The boat months, and that we should hold possoon returned with an account that the session of the vessel till all the wood natives were celebrating their annual was delivered, and that we were to be festival, called Muckka-hitee. This found in provisions while we remained festival lasts a month, during which on the island. An agreement was time a canoe is not allowed to go on drawn up and signed by Captain Jensalt water.

We also heard, that king nings and Kreymokoo. The next day Tameameah was then at the village of being Christmas day, we invited all the Tyroa, his favourite residence; we chiefs and respectable white men on made all sail for that place, where we the island to dine with us on shore; we arrived on the 10th, and came too with spent a most pleasant day, and the our only bower anchor off the Morai. chiefs remained with us to a late hour.

On the 24th of December, the Muck- We had a dinner cooked apart for the kahitee being over, the king's prime chiefs' wives, as they were not allowed minister, named Kreymokoo, com to eat with men. Next day we took monly called Pitt, came on board with on board the king's taxes, and January all the chiefs, accompanied by John 11th, 1918, we sailed for Owhyhee, Young, to inspect the vessel, previous the brig loaded with provisions and to their purchasing of her. They seem- cloth of the country, this being the time ed much astonished at our large batte- at which the natives pay their halfry guns; we got one on deck, and, year's taxes. We had also a number mounting it, fired several rounds of shot, of chiefs on board, and about 400 naat which the chiefs were much pleased, tives, men, women, and children. and the natives crowded from all parts There was scarcely room to move on

the decks or in the cabin; even the and, according to custom, smoked a chains, tops, and bowsprit were crowd- pipe, after which he lay down and died. ed with them. We touched at Mowee, All the natives were immediately tawhere they all landed for a few days, boed, or prohibited from going on the and nothing went forward but feasting water ; they all appeared to be in great and rejoicing. On the 16th, the chiels grief, crying and making a dreadful again came on board, and we got under- noise. They commenced knocking weigh for Owhyhee, the ship, as before, out their teeth, cutting off their hair, full of natives. In crossing the chan- and burning their flesh with the bark nel, between Mowee and Owhyhee, we of a tree; both men and women gowere near upsetting the vessel, being ing about naked to demonstrate their top heavy, from the number of them on grief. deck and about the rigging. On the On the death of the chief, the priests 18th, we anchored off' Tyroa, and assembled ; they fenced the house in

Tameameah came on board. On his for about fifty yards square with wands, approach, all the natives jumped over- having white flags flying on them. board, and left us clear decks. We None of the natives dare come inside commenced firing a salute, when the this fence, though several thousands of king called out to us, in a pleasant tone, them were collected round it. There to stop, as the powder was now his, and was a large fire made on the outside of he wanted it for other purposes, proba- the house and inside of the fence or probly for the Russians, if they should come hibited space; the priests then began to trouble him. He was delighted with cutting up the body. They brought the large guns; and the natives came the heart out, and set it in the fire, prayon board, as at Woahoo, to see the ing very devoutly while it was burning; poo'nu'ee. Their fame was soon after which they collected the ashes, spread over the island, but the next day put them into a calabash, or gourd, we landed them, and by that means slung it to a pole, and spread a beautigot rid of the curious natives ; they ful feather cloak over it. Then two of were placed in a square in front of the the chiefs, llikanees, or confidential royal residence, where thousands of the men, took the pole on their shoulders, people where daily collected to look and ran towards the water, crying out at them. Tameameah found one fault very loud, “ Noho, noho!” (which with them, which was, that they took means sit or lie down ;) as these men too much powder, (a charge being 4 lbs.) passed, all the natives lay down and but he took all our small arms, powder, stripped themselves. They walkand every thing he thought would be ed up to their middle in water, and useful to him, and made the brig over deposited the ashes ; alterwards the to his son and heir Rjeo Rieo. On the liver and all the inside were treated in 26th of January, we sailed from Owhy- the same manner. At sundowon this hee towards Mowee, with our usual part of the ceremony ceased, and a eargo of natives ; next day we anchor- crier went round the village, calling ed in Lehina-Roads, and took on board out, that if any man, woman, or child, the king's taxes, and made sail for were seen out of their houses, or showWoahoo. In our passage down, during ed a light or fire, or even smoked a the night, a star shot very vividly—the pipe, after 8 o'clock that evening, they natives gave a sudden scream, and told would instantly be put to death. These us that the star shooting foretold the restrictions extended not only to the death of an Owhyhee chief. On the white people, but even to the ships in 1st of February we arrived at Woahoo; the harbour ; nay, hogs, dogs, fowls, in crossing the reel the brig took the &c. were not allowed to be out, lest ground, but was soon lightened by the they should make a noise, nor were the natives jumping overboard and swim- ships suffered to strike the bells next ming on shore. About a week after mornings our arrival, a chief, samed Tereacoo At sunrise the Taboo was taken off died suddenly; he went to bed well the ships, but still remained in force on over night, and in the morning got up, shore. This day the priests were enn

them up

ployed burning the flesh off the bones, Canton in an American vessel. The and scraping them quite clean; the Russian ships went to Norfolk Sound. bones were then carefully packed up, This fort does great credit to the enand a large double canoe despatched gineer; it is situate on a high point at with them to Owhyhee. Six hours af- the entrance of the river, and protects ter the canoe sailed, the Taboo was the whole town. The king, chiefs, and taken off the bay, and canoes were al- about 150 warriors live within it, and lowed to go on the water;-in this keep a regular guard; they have a manner they employ ceremonies to- number of white men for the purpose wards all the people of rank. The of working the guns, &c. common people dig up the bones of Our chiefs landed, and were well retheir relatives after the flesh is rotted ceived by Tamooree; and the next from them, scrape and clean them well, morning they commenced sending wood wrap in cloth, put them into on board. About 500 canoes were calabashes of gourds, and hang them employed in bringing it off, and by the up in their houses.

25th of March we had the ship quite We lay in the harbour until the 17th full. The king behaved extremely of March, 1818, without any thing par. well, and sent us off plenty of hogs and ticular occurring, until that day, when vegetables. Our chiefs came on board, we received orders from Tameameah as did also some Atooi chiefs. We to proceed to the island Atooi for a weighed and made sail for Woahoo, cargo of sandal-wood. Teymotoo, or where we anchored the next day, landCox, with several other chiefs, came on ed our wood, and lay until the 19th, board. We made sail, and on the fol- when we took on board a cargo of salt lowing day came too in Whymea Roads. for the west end of Woahoo. Next One mile from the village, the English day we sailed for Whymea-bay, on the ensign was displayed on a very fine west end of the island, to get another fort, mounting about thirty guns; the cargo of wood. In our passage we natives came offin great numbers; they touched at Wyeni, and took on board informed us that the Russians had built some wood and hogs. We lay here for the fort, in which there were dungeons, a few days, then sailed along shore for and had actually gone so far as to con- Whymea, where we arrived on the fine some white men and natives. The 23rd, threw our ballast out, and took Russians advised Tamooree, king of on board a full cargo of wood in thirtyAtooi, to shake off Tameameah's yoke, six hours-more than 200 canoes emand declare war against him, in which ployed in bringing it off, day and night. they would assist him; they made him We weighed and made sail for Honoa present of a schooner, and he gave rora, where we arrived on the 28th, them in return a large tract of land. and sent the wood on shore and stored. Tama'honreeranee, the head chief un- On the 2nd of ditto, we hauled down der Tamooree, was averse to these the English colours, and hoisted the proceedings. The Russians wished to island colours, saluting them with seven send Tamooree to Petersburgh, but guns; we then gave the ship up to could never get him on board. At Kreymokoo, or Pitt, and went on shore length Tamooree discoverd that they to the houses prepared for our recepwished to possess themselves of the isl. tion. It was with the greatest regret I and; he consulted with his chiefs, re- left the ship, for it seemed as if I had turned their schooner, (which they re- lost my home; and in fact it was some fused,) and ordered them on board their time before I felt myself at all comfortships, three of which were lying in a able. I had sailed on board the Cosnug harbour at the west end of the lumbia from August, 1813, to May, island. They resisted, and a scuffle 1818, a period of nearly five years; ensued, in which three Russians and when she left England, the crew conseveral natives were killed, but the lat- sisted of twenty-five persons, and when ter at last forced them on board, and we sold the vessel at these islands, the Doctor Shefham made his escape to steward and a black man (who had 2X

ATHENEUM VOL. 10.

been for several years with me in the placed in the cross of the rafters above West-India trade and myself were all the first one, to which it is well lashed; that remained, and.even these left be- they then tie on neat twigs or canes, fore the vessel was given up. Our in the manner of laths, and thatch houses were the largest and most pleas- the house all over with dry grass or antly situated of any in the village, and leaves of the tee-root. There was a fronting the harbour ; (they were built door and two windows in the end. by four different villages, each taking a The interiors were beat down quite house to build and furnish,) and quite hard, and a quantity of rushes strewed finished in three days. They consist- smooth, and well covered with a large ed of two sleeping houses and two eat- coarse mat, made the size of the house, ing-houses, (the one for women and the above which others were laid of a finer other for men ;) the sleeping-houses quality. At one end was built a large and women's eating-house were sur-bed-place, stuffed with dry grass, and rounded by a fence fifty yards square; covered neatly with mats. Along each the men's eating-house was outside of side were built sofas, stuffed and covered this fence, but fenced in in like manner, the same as the bed, to keep which out with a door that led from the sleeping- of sight there was a light partition. In house fence to it. The houses are front of the house was built a raini, or built in the following manner : they shed, covered with the branches of cobegin by driving stakes in the ground coa-nut-trees, and here also a sofa was eight feet high and three feet apart, built. The square in front of the house forked at the upper ends, in which forks was strewed each morning with green are laid handsome straight poles ; the rushes. We had a man from Tamridge pole is raised by temporary stakes, eameah who acted as steward, and the rasters are forked at the lower ends, whose business it was to find us in evewhich rest on the forks of the uprights; ry thing we wanted. We had also a the upper ends of the rafters cross each watchman to walk round the houses at other on the ridge-pole, and are well night, to give the alarm of fire, which lashed to it; a second ridge-pole is now happens frequently,

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I HAD been for some time ill of a low fect distinctness, but the power of mo

and lingering fever. My strength tion had departed.--I heard the sound gradually wasted, but the sense of life of weeping at my pillow—and the voice seemed to become more and more of the nurse say, “ He is dead.”_I acute as my corporeal powers became cannot describe what I felt at these weaker. I could see by the looks of words.-I exerted my utmost power the doctor that he despaired of my re- of volition to stir myself

, but I could covery; and the soft and whispering not move an eyelid. After a short sorrow of my friends, taught me that I pause my friend drew near; and sobhad nothing to hope.

bing, and convulsed with grief, drew One day towards the evening, the his hand over my face, and closed my crisis took place.-I was seized with a eyes. The world was then darkened, strange and indescribable quivering, but I still could hear, and feel and sutier. a rushing sound was in my ears,-I When my eyes were closed, I heard saw around my couch innumerable by the attendants that my friend had strange faces; they were bright and left the room, and I soon after found, visionary, and without bodies. There the undertakers were preparing to habit was light, and solemnity, and I tried to me in the garments of the grave. This move, but could not.-For a short thoughtlessness was more awful than time a terrible confusion overwhelmed the grief of my friends. They laughed. me,—and when it passed off, all my at one another as they turned me fron recollection returned with the most per. side to side, and treated what they be

ed at me

lieved a corpse, with the most appalling was far more tremendous than thunder. ribaldry.

But I could make no effort. I he When they had laid me out, these sound gradually became less and less, wretches retired, and the degrading for- and by a surging reverberation in the mality of affected mourning commen- coffin, I knew that the grave was filled ced. For three days, a number of up, and that the sexton was treading in friends called to see me. I heard them, the earth, slapping

the grave with the in low accents, speak of what I was; flat of his spade. This too ceased, and and more than one touched me with then all was silent. his finger. On the third day, some of

I had no means of knowing the lapse them talked of the smell of corruption of time; and the silence continued. in the room.

This is death, thought I, and I am The coffin was procured—I was

doomed to remain in the earth till the lifted and laid in—My friend placed my resurrection. Presently the body will head on what was deemed its last pil- fall into corruption, and the epicurean low,and I felt his tears drop on my face. worm, that is only satisfied with the

When all who had any peculiar in- flesh of man, will come to partake of terest in me, bad for a short time look- the banquet that has been prepared for

the coffin, I heard them re- him with so much solicitude and care. tire ; and the undertaker's men placed in the contemplation of this hideous the lid on the coffin, and screwed it thought, I heard a low and undersound down. There were two of them pre

in the earth over me, and I fancied that sent--one had occasion to go away be- the worms and reptiles of death were fore the task was done. I heard the coming—that the mole and the rat of fellow who was left begin to whistle as

the grave would soon be upon me. he turned the screw-nails; but he The sound continued to grow louder checked himself, and completed the and nearer. Can it be possible, I work in silence.

thought, that my friends suspect they I was then left alone,—every one have buried me too soon? The hope shunned the room.—I knew, however, was truly like light bursting through that I was not yet buried; and though the gloom of death. darkened and motionless, 1 had still

The sound ceased, and presently I hope ;—but this was not permitted

felt the hands of some dreadful being long. The day of interment arrived working about my throat. They drag-I felt the coffin lifted and borne away ged me out of the coffin by the head. -I heard and felt it placed in the I felt again the living air, but it was hearse.—There was a crowd of people piercingly cold; and I was carried around; some of them spoke sorrow swiftly away—I thought to judgment, fully of me.

The hearse began to perhaps perdition. move-I knew that it carried me to

When borne to some distance, I was the grave. It halted, and the coffin then thrown down like a clod—it was was taken out-I felt myself carried on not upon the ground. A moment afshoulders of men, by the inequality of ter I found myself on a carriage; and, motion-A pause ensued—I heard the by the interchange of two or three coffin moved—I felt it swing as de- brief sentences, I discovered that I was pendent by them— It was lowered, and in the hands of two of those robbers rested on the bottom of the grave_

The who live by plundering the grave, and cords were dropped upon the lid—I selling the bodies of parents, and chilheard them fall.-Dreadful was the ef. dren, and friends. One of the men fort I then made to exert the power of sung snatches and scraps of obscene action, but my whole frame was im- songs, as the cart rattled over

the

pave moveable.

ment of the streets. Soon after, a few handfuls of earth When it halted, I was listed out, and ere thrown upon the coffin—Then I soon perceived, by the closeness of there was another pause-after which the air, and the change of temperature, the shovel was employed, and the sound that I was carried into a room ; and, of the rattling mould, as it covered me, being rudely stripped of my shroud,

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