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quarter, they remain inside two nights the priests. Any persons coming beand one day ; full moon and last quar- tween the god and the sea are immeter, they remain inside two nights and diately stripped of their garments, and one day; full moon and last quarter, the same is done if they do not strip as the same time. While the chiefs and the god is passing, and lie flat on their priests are in the morai, the women are faces. This is the season for dancing, prohibited from going on the salt water, boxing, feasting, and all kinds of either in canoes or boats, on even from amusement. When the god arrives touching it; neither are they permitted from the place whence he first started, to come within forty yards of the mo- the Taboo it taken off. They are genrai. They pay the greatest respect to erally about thirty days going round, their chiers and priests, and are kept calling at all the villages and plantain a superstitious ignorance. Their tions, to remind the people that it is muckahitee, or annual festival, com- time to bring in their taxes, which they mences in November; it begins by do twice a year. This feast ended three of the most expert warriors throw- while I was here on the 24th of Deing each a spear at Tameameah, who cember. I have frequently questioned is obliged to stand without any thing in the chiefs about their religion, and their his hand to fend them off; the first general answer was, that they go to the spear he catches, and with it makes morais more to seast than pray, which I the other spears fly several yards above believe to be really the case. Mr. his head." He then breaks a cocoa- Cox, or Teymotoo, that I have before nut; the sea is tabooed, and none of mentioned, sets the wooden gods and the natives are allowed to go near it. priests at defiance; he says, that the The King enters the church where he white men's God is the true and remains for some days, and the people only God. The Sandwich Islanders decorate their houses with green bave entirely abolished human sacribranches and new mats. They dress fices; all the time I have been about in their best garments, and the head these islands, I have not known a singod is taken from the principal morai, gle instance of sacrificing a human be and sent round the island carried by ing.
MONKS OF ST. BERNARD.
THE following is a recent instance spent the whole of the two following of those charitable offices which days in crawling to a deserted hovel
, the pious Monks of St. Bernard, from without having anything to eat. Two a sense of duty, as well as from the lo- of the Monks of St. Bernard, on their cality of their establishment, are in the way to the village about sun-set, were habit of performing. A poor soldier warned by the barking of their dog, travelling from Siberia to the place of and descried the man at a distance; his nativity in Italy, set out from the they hastened to his succour. They village of St. Pierre in the afternoon, found him at the entrance of the hovel, in the hope of reaching the monastery where he lay as if unable to cross the before night-fall; but he unfortunately threshold, and apparently in a dying missed his way, and in climbing up a state, from hunger, fatigue, and loss of precipice, he laid hold of a fragment of blood. They raised him on their shoula rock, which separating from the mass, ders, and carried him to the village, a rolled with him to the valley below, distance of five miles, through the which the poor man reached with his snow. The man was above the midclothes torn, and his body sadly bruised dle size, and robust; so that, indepenand lacerated. Being unable to extri- dently of his helpless condition, it recate himself from the snow, and night quired a considerable portion of strength, having came on, he remained in that as well as management; in the village forlorn situation till morning. The of St. Pierre, the poor traveller reweather was uncommonly mild for the ceived every attention and assistance season, or he must have perished. He that his situation required.
DOMESTIC HABITS OF THE MODERN DUTCH.
1821. ried, and has made his choice, he writes A country that draws ffty foot of water,
a formal letter to his father and mother In which men live as in the hold of nature ; respectfully requesting their approbaAnd when the sea does in upon them break,
tion. The old people send for answer And drowns a province, does but spring a leak. That feed, like cannibals, on fishes,
that they must have time to consider And serve their cousin-germans up in dishes.
and consult together upon a point so A land that rides at anchor, and is moored, important, but that he may expect an In which they no not live, but go aboard. answer in three weeks, more or less.
Hitherto, it must be observed, the lovH !land, that scarce deserves the name of land, As but the off-scouring of the Britisha sand ;
ers have never met in private, at least And so much earth as was contributed
so it is understood. The young man By English pilots, when they heaved the lead; having received the approbation of his Or what by the ocean's slow alluvion fell,
parents in due form, he again in the Of shipwrecked cockle and the muscle-shell.
same style, requests that his father Glad then, as miners who have found the ore, They with mad labour, fished the land 10 shore ;
would be pleased to wait upon the And dived as desperately for each piece
young lady's father to demand his of earth, as if it had been of ambergris.
daughter in marriage for his son. Much Collecting anxiously small loads of clay,
form and ceremony passes between the Less than what building swallows bear away ; How did they rivet with gigantic piles
two old gentlemen, but the real business Thorough the centre of their new-catched miles ;
is to settle pecuniary affairs in a satAnd to the stake a struggling country bound, isfactory manner ; which generally Where barking waves still bait the forced ground; takes place, as they are always well Building their wat'ry Babel far more high
informed before hand on this subject. To entch the waves, than those to scale the sky. Yet still his claim the injured ocean laid,
A further delay of a few weeks, howAnd oft at leap-frog o'er the steeples played ; ever, still takes place, before the lady's And oft the Tritons, and Sea-nymphs, saw father gives his final consent.
This Whole shoals of Dutch served up for cabillan. having with much formality been given,
all reserve between the lovers is inTHE
HE Dutch are a formal people, stantly thrown off, and the next day a
and an attachment to system is large party of their young friends acconspicuous in all their transactions. company them a few miles out of town, This disposition is strikingly exhibited and the afternoon is spent in mirth and in the affairs of courtship and marriage. jollity. They are now considered as Imprudent matches are seldom made onder trouwd, a word nearly of the in Holland, most of the wealthy or re same meaning as betrothed, but it does spectable inhabitants of a place always not imply that parties are bound to contriving to intermarry with one each other, as either is at liberty to another ; so that sometimes half the withdraw, and the marriage seldom people of a town are linked together in takes place till a year after the period this manner. The youth of both sexes of which we are speaking. An adverhave but few opportunities of making tisement is now put in the newspaper a choice out of their own circle, nor do stating that such and such persons are they seem at all anxious to do so, one onder trouwd, and another is inserted young man being in the estimation of at their marriage to announce that they the young ladies nearly as good as any are getrouwd (married.) As soon as other young man, and the gentlemen the consent of relations is given, the are not too difficult if a lady's person is lover has access to his mistress whenat all tolerable, prudence being con ever he pleases, and he sometimes sulted previous to every other conside- spends whole days in her company in ration. The chief members of those her father's house, nor is the least refamily circles give dinners to the rest straint felt by either, though the whole in turns, for which purpose certain family, young and old, and even strandays are appointed, called familie dags. gers be present. Indeed the stiff forWhen a young man wishes to get mar. mality which was so strictly observed
396 Modern Dutch Habits-Courtship, Ouder Trouwd, &c. (vol. 10 before, is now exchanged for unbound- ed seat to receive the addresses. It ed freedom, and what we should con- must be confessed, however, that all sider as gross indelicacy. The young this is conducted in a very childish mancouple lavish the most extravagant en- ner ; there is a want of dignity and el. dearments upon each other, and it must egance throughout, and this remark be confessed that the lady is by no may be applied to all the amusements means loath in returning the fondness of the Dutch. There is in their mixed of lier lover, frequently entertaining society a degree of trifling in their both the sight and hearing of the spec- conversation, which to persons of a tators with the ardent marks of her at- different disposition is often uninteresttachment. We have witnessed all this ing, and frequently disagreeable or disand a great deal more, again and again, gusting. and often in the midst of a large party There are certain times and seasons of both sexes and all ages, yet nobody of which much notice is taken among seemed conscious of either the impro- the Hollanders, such as the first day of priety or indelicacy of it. This state the year, and some other festivals. At of things continues about a year, when Christmas, the oldest and richest memthe marriage takes place, if neither bers of the circles receive the congratuparty withdraw, which is seldom thelations of their relations and descendcase. The marriage is celebrated by ants with great formality. a magistrate, a burgomaster always at The following advertisement, transtending at the town-hall for that pur- lated from an Ainsterdam newspaper, pose; a certificate of their ages, and is a specimen of the manner in which that they have the full approbation of deaths are made public.—“That our their parents or guardians, must be enjoyments are Reeting, and that our produced. The ceremony is very happiest prospects may be in a moshort, but most people are married ment blasted, I have this day expeagain by a clergyman,on the same day, rienced; as it has pleased God to take though, this is by no means necessary to from me, by death, my worthy and berender the marriage valid. The old loved spouse, Adriana van Bunk ran custom of throwing the stocking is still Ommering, with whom I have not yet kept up even among the rich, and the been a year united, at the early age of happy bridegroom is exposed to all the twenty-one years and six months. A mischiefs that his friends may think pro- child of a few weeks old is thus bereft per to teaze him with, such as spoiling of a tender mother's care, and I of the the lock of his chamber, or shutting up comfort of a dearly beloved friend and a cock or hen in the room, which do partner. (Signed) not fail to awake the young couple be “ CHRISTOFEEL VAN DER Vulgt." times.
The different classes of society are The Dutch are remarkably fond of much more distinctly marked by their making verses, and they never fail to dress in Holland than in this country; gratify this propensity on such occa- this is particularly the case with regard sions. We have seen many of these to females. In cities and large towns, effusions, and though but few of them the female servants never wear gowns had any claim to the appellation of nor straw hats; their dress generally poetry, the versification was generally consists of a short jacket or bed-gown, good. The authors always read such and petticoat either of white dimity or tribute of their affection or respect du- some very shewy colour, with a cap ring the wedding feast, addressing very high and much ornamented. They themselves with great formality to the usually wear a black silk apron, which new married pair, who always appear contrasts well with the white dimity. highly gratified by them. Sometimes If a servant girl were to be seen with a a masquerade takes place, and such of straw hat or gown, her character would the guests as are capable of personating be lost for ever ; but their appearance a character, come forward and make å is much more interesting without them, speech to the happy couple, who on and the extreme neatness of their dress this occasion are placed upon an elevat- is beyond description. This distino
tion of classes extends to different em The Dutch have an idea that it is a ployments and professions; in Eng- common practice in England for people land bankers and merchants often as- to sell their wives, and we have often sociate with shop-keepers, shoe-makers heard ladies express their firm belief and butchers, and sometimes even tay- that if they were to marry Englishmen lors, when wealthy, are admitted into they would have a right to sell them the company of their betters; this is whenever they pleased. They alsa seldom the case in Holland, as all win- believe that all Englishmen are boxers, keliers (shopkeepers) kleermakers, appearing to be quite ignorant that the (taylors,) &c. are carefully excluded battles, of which they find accounts in from the society of real gentlemen, such the newspapers, are fought by prizeas banniers, (bankers) klopliedew fighters, but are qnite persuaded that (merchants) and de geleerde, (the any respectable person challenges anolearned or professional gentlemen.) ther to fight for money.
MENTAL PASTIMES ;
BEING ORIGINAL ANECDOTES, HISTORICAL, HUMOROUS, AND WITTY ; COLLECTED
DURING A RESIDENCE IN RUSSIA, &c.
(English Magazines, for Dcember 1821.) THI NHIS amusing little volume, we ob- The Author, Sirs, ranks not among the
serve from its text in various pages, This, his first egg, was hatch'd at fifty-six. is the production of an artist, long resi- If it should prove a dunghill, wring its dent at the Court of St. Petersburgh.
neck ; In bis preface he vouches for its being But, if a game one, - let it crow and peck entirely composed of aulhentic original Not this his last loud cock-a-doodle doo.
Quite chanticleer: If foster'd, Gents, by you, matter, and he has given the public an entertaining olio, agreeable to bis title In Chancery suits, King's Bench, or Com
mon Pleas, page.
A hearing is obtain'd—first paying fees,
Nor can you be condemn'd (tho’long about,) It is highly original, for we do not Till they have heard your case quite out-and think that above three of the anecdotes have crept into circulation before ; it And even culprits firmly may look round,
Object to jurors whom they think unsound, displays many curious traits of Russian Bring friends to vouch for character, or manners; it is generally lively and laugh
try able in its “ Scrups,” (for such is the The old stale trick, a hackney'd alibi. appellation given by the author to the So with the public; tho' I nervous shake,
Yet I'll attempt this useful law to make ; sloried divisions); and it contains a
That any Author's volumes, one, two, three, number of useful hints, as well as sen- Shall, by the Critics, not condemned be, sible reflections on various topics in the Till they have really read the whole throughother of its divisions, which he has if then he's damned,—why, merry be the called • Introductions,” and with which he prefaces every fact he has recorded. Write, Critics, write ! indulge your spleen That the writer of such a work must
and wit! himself be a bit of a humourist is more if he's a fool,- why, at his folly swear,
Fill every paper but the dreaded writ. than probable; we should have guess- Fair play's a jewel-Miss, let go my hair ed so, even had he not made it clear by I'm overwhelm’d with feeling,—spare my the following
tears, Let your good-nature dissipate my fears."
Having thus among his other IntroFor me and for my Scraps, it is my aim
ductions introduced himself, we will A patient reading from good folks to claim. take it for granted, that the readers of This kind indulgence granted, on my part I pledge the tribute of—a grateful heart. the Literary Gazette, and the author of
Mental Pastimes are so well acquainted, ror was apprised of the carriage being that the former will listen with pleasure at the door, to which were barnessed to half a dozen of the anecdotes of the six horses. He came down to see it ; latter.
laughed at its appearance; and, seeing “ A German of the name of Klotch, me loitering aboni, asked me, with anoa very worthy man, was cook and mui- ther or two he selected, to jake a ride tre d'hotel to the Empress Catherine. in it. We were no sooner seated, Though old, he was a court beau, and than, to my utter astonishment, up jumpvery spruce about the head ; and, be. ed ihe autocrat of all the Russias on the ing a favorite with her imperial maje: coach-box, with the coachman, and ty, used to hand some particular dishes away we drove for several versts. When to ber on great occasions. One of the about to return, wbether the Tzar of torments in bigb northern latitudes, Muscovy thought the carriage ridicuwhere the summer is so short and bot, lous, bis own conduct somewhat so, or is the inaumerable hosts of flies that was splenetic at having so far committease you. Some wags, aware of this, ted the imperial dignity,. I know oot, got the old geotleman's best bag-wig, but be tapped at one of the little winand powdered it with the finest pulver. dows in the front, where I sat, which, ized double-refined white sugar; so as the reader may suppose, I immedithat, when he waited at table, he was ately opened, and on seeing me, be, beset, like Pharaoh, with the worst of half laughing, said, ' Savez vous, Mons. his plagues. He beat with bis hands, W. que si je voulois je pouvois vous blew, puffed, reddened in the face, and cracher, dans la figure. Do you at last, no longer able to bear silently koow, squire W. I chose, I could the torment he endured, burst out sud- spit in your face.' The reply it deserto denly with the exclamation of • Don- ed might have packed me off to Sibeder and blitz vas is das for a fly sum- ria, and, therefore, I pocketed the afmer!' Her majesty, aware of the trick, froni." soothed bim; and affecting to wonder “In the reign of this Emperor, his the flies should exclusively level all regulations and orders were promulgatheir stings at him, advised him to pull ted with such rapidity, that it could onoff his wig, which he reluctantly was ly be equalled by the counter-orders obliged to do, and actually finished his that were often within a few bours isattendaoce in a full dress suit of em- sued. It was, indeed, impossible to broidered clothes, with his naked sha- know how to act, so as to avoid of. ved head, to the no small amusement of fending, wbich gave rise to some one the company present."
wittingly observing, It was all order, “ I have, in one of the following counter-order,' and disorder." scraps, said, that the Emperor Paul was “ A Russian merchant, whose name not completely master of himself: this at this moment I do not recollect, (nor trifling occurrence will farther evince it. is it important,) was extremely, even The late Mr. Frazer, of the King's immensely, rich, yet lived in a small obRoad, Chelsea, used, almost every sum- scure room, with bardly any fire, furmer, to bring out a large investment of niture, or attendance, though his bouse curious plants, flowers, and shrubs, of was larger than many palaces ; burying which ibe present dowager-empress, his money in casks in the cellar ; and Paul's copsort, was a great amateur and was so great a miser that he barely alpurchaser, One year, he brought out, lowed himself the common necessaries on speculation, one of the long slap- of life. He placed bis great security in bang stage-coaches, to carry sixteen in- the possession of a tremendous large sides ; tbioking they might be substitu- and fierce dog, who used to go round ted for the very beavy lumbering ca- his premises barking every night; the lashes, then used for transporting the dog (as most dogs will do) died one court-Servants from the town palaces to day. His master was inconsolable; but, those in the country, when they chang- remaining strict to bis principle of econed their dejour or service. The empe- omy, would not buy another, and actu