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woods than she at first intended. In had rendered tbese so dry and combusthe mean time, the wind begun to blow tible, chat hundreds of them took fire, vehemently, but tbe boy wandered care- in consequence of a few sparks, blown lessly along the beach, seeking for shells, from an oven, having kiodied the brushtill the rapid rise of the Lake rendered wood beneath them. Immense volumes it impossible for bim to return to the of black smoke rolled from different spot where he had been left by his mo- parts of the forest, and, when the wind ther. He immediately began 10 cry divided these, the flames were seen ra. aloud, and she, being on her return, ging on every side, and ascending to the heard him, but instead of descending tops of the tallest trees; while tbe roarthe ravine, hastened to the edge of the ing, crackling, and crashing, were inprecipice, from the bottom of which the cessant, under the cloudy obscurity. noise seemed to proceed. On looking Large burning splinters of timber, that dowa, she bebeld her son struggling must have been detached from trees by with the waves, and vainly endeavoring the expansive power of steam, were to climb up the bank, which was fisty were sometimes projected high into the feet perpendicular height, and very slip- air like rockets, and descended agaia, pery. There being no possibility of leaving a showery train of glowing rendering him assistance, she was on sparks behind them. The wind was the point of throwing herself down the hot and suffocating as the vapours from steep, when she saw him catch hold of a furnace, and the vast glare of the cona tree that had fallen into the Lake, and Aagration overspread the beavens wiib mount one of its projecting branches. a copper colour most dismal and appalHe sat astride upon this, almost beyond ling. The inhabitants around hurried the reach of the surges, while she con- about in the utmost alarm, momentarily tinued watching him in an agony of expecting that the flames would comgrief, hesitating whether she should ep- municate to their barns and fences; and deavour to find her way to the camp, the tumult was iocreased by the bellowand procure assistance, or remain near ing of a number of cattle, which had her boy. However, evening was now rushed in a state of terror from the about to close, and as she could not pro- woods, where they had been feeding. ceed through the woods in the dark, sbe " About midnight, the conflagration, resolved at least to wait till the moon which had commenced the preceding rose. She sat on the top of the preci. day, had in a great measure ceased. pice a whole hour, and during that time, Many of the largest trees were charred occasionally ascertained that her son from top to bottom, and, being now in was alive, hy hearing his cries amidst a state of glowing redness, they stood the roaring of the waves ; but when like dazzling pillars of fire in various the moon appeared, he was not to be parts of the forest

. The upper boughis seen. Sbe now felt convinced ibat he of others were still enveloped in flames, was drowned, and, giving way to utter and resembled meteors as they wared despair, threw herself on the turf. Pre- in the wind, the trunks from which they sently sbe heard a feeble voice cry, (in projected being concealed by the darkIndian,) “Mamma, I'm here, come ness. In the morning, I walked out to and help me.” She started up and saw view the scene of devastation, which her boy scrambling upon the edge of presented an aspect truly horrible. Mathe bank—she sprang forward to catch ny hundred acres of land were divested his band, but the ground. by which he of the verdure that had lately covered held giving way, he was precipitated them. The branchless trees stood in into the Luke, and perished among the dreary blackness, and the wind scarcely rushing billows !"

sounded as it swept among them. Not The burning of a forest is a sublime a single bird animated the prospect, and spectacle, and affords Mr H. an occasion the desolate shriek of the racoon, defor displaying his pictorial powers : prived of its den, alone proved that the

“ The land around was covered with ienants of the forest were not entirely pine trees, and three months drought extirpated."

Original Letters.

Dear Sir,
No. IX. London. 1759.

for you to modify or explain this sentiI AM very well acquainted with ment, and reconcile it with your system.

Bourke, who was much taken with My Dear Mr. Smith; You must not your Book.

He got your direction be so much engross'd with your own from me, with a view of writing to you, Book, as never to mention mine. The and thanking you for your present : Whigs, I am told, are anew in a rage For I made it

in your name.

against me; tho’ they know not how to I am told that you are preparing a vent themselves; For they are connew Edition, and propose to make strain’d to allow all my facts. You some additions and alterations in order have probably seen Hurd's abuse of me. to obviate objections. I shall use the He is of the Warburtonian school; and freedom to propose one, which, if it consequently very insolent and very appears to be of any weight, you may scurrilous ; but I shall never reply a have in your Eye. I wish you had word to him. If my past Writings do more particularly and fully prov'd that not sufficiently prove me to be no Jacoall kinds of Sympathy are necessarily bite, ten Volumes of folio never would. agreeable. This is the hinge of your I signed yesterday an Agreement system, and yet you only mention the with Mr. Millar ; where I mention that matter cursorily in p. 20.–Now it I propos d to write the Ilistory of Engwou'd appear that there is a disagreea- land from the Ceginning till the Acble sympathy, as well as an agreeable. cession of Henry the VII; and he enAnd, indeed, as the sympathetic pas- gages to give me 1400 pounds for the sion is a reflex image of the principal, Copy. This is the first previous it must partake of it's qualities, and Agreement ever I made with a Bookbe painful where that is so. Indeed, seller. I shall execute the Work at when we converse with a man with leisure, without fatiguing myself by such whom we can entirely sympathise, that ardent application as I have hitheris, where there is a warm and intimate to employ'd. It is chiefly as a refriendship, the cordial openness of such source against Idleness, that I shall a commerce overpowers the pain of a undertake this Work; For as to money, disagreeable sympathy, and renders I have enough : and as to reputation, the whole movement agreeable. But what I have wrote already will be sufin ordinary cases, this cannot have a ficient, if it be good : If not, it is not place. An ill humour'd fellow; a man likely I shall now write better. I found tir'd and disgusted with every thing, it impracticable (at least fancy'd so) always ennuie ; sickly, complaining, to write the History since the Revoluembarrased; such a one throws an evi- tion. I am in doubt whether I shall dent damp on company, which I sup- stay here and execute the work; or repose wou'd be accounted for by sym- turn to Scotland, and only come up pathy, and yet is disagreable.

here to consult the Manuscripts. I It is always thought a difficult pro- have several inducements on both sides. blem to account for the pleasure, re- Scotland suits my fortune best, and is ceived from the Tears and grief and the seat of my principal friendship; smypathy of Tragedy; which would but it is too narrow a place for me not be the Case, if all sympathy was and it mortifies me, that I sometimes agreeable. An Hospital would be a hurt my friends. Pray write me your more entertaining place than a Ball. judgement soon. Are the Bigots much I am afraid that in p. 99. and 111, this in arms on Account of this last Vol. proposition has escap'd you, or rather ume ? Robertson's Book has great is interwove with your reasonings in merit; but it was visible that he profitthat place. . You say expressly, it is ed here by the Animosity against me. painful to go along with Grief, and I suppose the Case was the same with we always enter into it with reluc- you. Iam, Dear Smith, Yours sincerely, tunce. It will probably be requisite


No. X.

Prime Minister of that kingdom; it Dear Smith,

I can write as seldom has 2000 a year Salary, and always and as short as you.I am sorry I did entitles the person afterwards to some not see you before I left Paris, I am

considerable Employment, whatever also sorry I shall not see you there

may be the fate of the Lord Lieutenant. soon. I shall not be able to fix Rous- Notwithstanding these advantages, .! seau to his mind for some Weeks yet; was very averse to the office, as it He is a little variable and fanciful, tho' oblig?d me to enter on a new scene at very agreeable. Lord Hertford is to be over some time in April. I must prehended I was not well qualified. I

my years, and a scene for which I apthen wait for him; and afterwards must said so to Lord Hertford; but he still be dispos’d of for some time by his persisted in his resolution. A few Commands. I recommended my ser- Weeks after, when he went over to vant St. Jean to you ; If he be with London, he found the rage against the you or the Duke, I am sure you will Scots so high, that he was oblig'd to delike him and keep him on; and you part from his resolution : Perhaps, the need say nothing of this to him. Somezeal against Deists enter'd for a Share. push me to continue my History. Mil. On the whole, he appointed his Son, lar offers me any price: All the Marl- sole Secretary; but he told me that he borough papers are offered me : And had obtain d the King's promise to I believe nobody wou'd venture to re provide me in something that shou'd fuse me: But cui bono_Why should

not be precarious. Ten days after he I forego Idleness and Sauntering and wrote me that he had procured me a Society; and expose myself again to

pension of 400 a year for life. Noththe clamours of a stupid and factious ing cou'd be more to my mind. I have public? I am not yet tir'd of doing now opulence and liberty: The last nothing; and am become too wise formerly rendered me content : Both either to mind censure or Applause. together must do so, as far as increase By and bye I shall be too old to under- of Years must permit

. go such labour. Adieu.

As a new vexation to temper my (Sd.

David HUME. (Addressed) A Monsieur- Monsieur Adam Smith about fixing the place of my future

good fortune, I am much in perplexity a Paris.

abode for life. Paris is the most agree

able town in Europe, and suits me best; Dear Smith, I have been whirld but it is a foreign Country. London about lately in a strange manner ; but is the Capital of my own Country: but besides that none of the Revolutions it never pleas'd me much.

Letters are have ever threatened me much, or been there held in no honour : Scotsmen able to give me a moment's anxiety, all are hated : Superstition and Ignorance has ended very happily and to my gain ground daily. Edinburgh has wish. In June last, I got my patent many objections and many Allurefor Secretary to the Embassy, which ments. My present mind, this foreplac'd me in as agreeable a situation as noon, the fifth of September, is to repossible, and one likely to last with turn to France. I am much press'd £1200 a year. A few weeks after, here to accept of offers, which would Lord Hertford got a letter from which contribute to my agreeable living, but he learn'd, that he must go over Lord might encroach on my Independence, · Lieutenant to Ireland: he told me that by making me enter into engagements

he was averse to this employment for with Princes and great Lords and La. many good reasons, and wou'd not ac- dies. Pray give me your judgement. cept of it, unless gratify'd in some de I regret much I shall not see you. mands, particularly in appointing me I have been looking for you every day Secretary for that kingdom, in conjunct these three months. Your satisfaction Commission with his son, Lord Beau- in your pupil gives me equal satisfacchamp. This is an office of great dig- tion. Yours most sincerely, nity as the Secretary is in a manner


No. XI.

Paris, 8 Novr. 1765.




London Paragraphs.

1040 with the centre part. The breadth of At Antwerp there is an alms-house for poor the bottom not to be less than about 250 girls, which is called the Ternick, from the fect, where the water was 30 feet deep, name of the founder, a pious canon of Ant- and 10 yards towards the summit at the werp, who had the satisfaction of governing height of 10 feet above low water or 40 feet the institution he had founded for thirty- from the bottom. The work to be comeight years. In his daily visits, he succes. menced at the centre. This plan has been sively discovered what improvements and strictly adhered to; except that the dimenreformation it required. Among other reg- sions are rather greater than those stated. ulations, there is one which, at first view, At this time, the foundation of the whole appears very singular, but which is not on fabric is laid to the extent of nearly a mile ; that account less reasonable. He thought

the width at the base is 400 feet, and gradthat children employed all the day in se- ually diminishes to 48 feet, a little above dentary work, would need some exercise high-water-mark; having a smooth walk before they went to bed. He therefore di or pathway, full six feet wide from end to rected, that after supper they should dance end. This causeway, is composed of very for half an hour; and, as he wished to pre- large blocks of stone, many of them upvent all appearance of a ball, he prescribed wards of 10 tons weight each, and towards that they should not dance to the sound of a the middle of the Breakwater, a small jetty violin, or any other instrument of that kind, is carried out on both sides for the purpose but to that of a fute of many barrels, com- of enabling boats to land in any weatier. monly called a copper whistle. The mistresses, who themselves have been educated and two million tons of stone have been al

About 1,000 yards are thus completed, in the house, and are well acquainted with ready used. The 'stones now employed its customs, either play the fute, or dance weigh upon an average from 5 to 10 tons ; with the young girls: the house is well di

none of smaller dimensions being applicable. rected, and contentment and health reign This stone is Devonshire marble, very harde through it.

and compact, with spots or small veins of IMPORTANCE OF DOING QUICKLY. black, white, and red, susceptible of a fine The benevolent Dr. Wilson once discov. polish, and well adapted for chimney-pieces, cred a clergyman at Bath, who he was in and other ornamental works. The quarry formed was sick, poor, and had a numerous is situated up Catwater, near the mouth of family. In the evening he gave a friend the Plym. The rock, at the water's edge, fifty pounds, requesting he would deliver it is 25 feet high, and it rises to about 75 feet in the most delicate manner, and as from on the highest part; for which government an unknown person. The friend replied, gave ten thousand pounds to the Duke of "I will wait upon him early in the morn Bedford for an extent of 20 to 25 acres, of ing.” “You will oblige me by calling di- which 8 acres have been cut away and thus rectly. Think, sir, of what importance a employed. The various contrivances for good night's rest may be to that poor man.” obtaining those enormous masses by blow

PLYMOUTH BREAKWATER. ing up the rock, for conveying them to the The serious inconveniences attached both waterside, and on board the vessel which to Falmouth and Torbay as affording no

carries them to the Breakwater, as well as secure anchorage for large fleets, have long for placing them in their proper position, shown the necessity of converting Plymouth reflect the highest credit on the skill of the into a safe harbour, and government having engineers, and give the attentive observer a at length resolved that something should be striking example of the wonders that may done, to accomplish so desirable an object, be effected by the aid of machinery. Bevarious plans were proposed and discuss- sides the construction of the Breakwater, ie ed; the result of which has been the pro- has also been deemed advisable to remove posal of Mr. Whidby, who accompanied several rocks at the bottom of the sea, Captain Vancouver in his voyage round the which might injure vessels that happened world, to construct the great work which is to anchor over them at high water. But, now so far advanced to its conclusion, and many of these being 36 feet below the sur has already fully justified the expectations face, it has been necessary to employ the formed of its utility, by the safety which diving-bell

. That now employed is 6 feet very many vessels have already derived long, 5 wide, and 7 high; composed of from it. According to the plan, as origi- strong wrought iron, with shelves inside for nally laid down by Mr. Whidby and Mr. the workmen's tools, &c. Two men geneRennie, the length of the work was to be rally go down together, the machine being 1,700 yards, or nearly a mile, extending lowered over the rock intended to be levelacross the middle of the Sound, from east led. They use hammers and picks to break to west, and leaving an entrance at each the rock, and put the fragments into canvas end; the centre part to be 1,000 yards in a

bags. The men remain two hours below straight line, and 350 yards at each end to water, when they are relieved by two others. bend towards the north, at an angle of They receive two shillings daily wages, and


eighteen-pence for every turn that they are girl, however, by his order, received a prebelow water. Some of the rocks at the bot- sent of fifty roubles. tom of the Sound have thus been lowered On another occasion, at the very moment 9 feet, and made level with the surrounding when the emperor had given the word of ground.

command, and the guard on the parade was Another work of great utility in progress just on the point of paying him the usual in the neighbourhood of Plymouth is a jetty military honours, a fellow approached him or pier constructing in Bovesand Bay, for in ragged garments, with his hair in disorthe purpose of watering ships of war with der, and a look of wildness, and gave him a out taking out their casks. The ships are slap on the shoulder. The monarch, who to be brought alongside the pier, and to re was standing at the time with his face to ceive their water by means of pipes from a the military front, turned round instantly, fine spring; the casks having been sent on and beholding the wretched object before board empty are filled by means of a hose; him, started back at the sight, and then which arrangement will save much time, enquired with a look of astonishment what trouble, and expense; as in time of war, he wanted ? “I have something to say to when a ficet came for fresh water and no you, Alexander Paulowitz," said the strantime was to be lost, the expense of getting it ger, in the Russian language. u Say on on board in the usual way has, on many oc- then," said the emperor, with a smile of casions amounted to one guinea per gallon. encouragement, clapping him on the shoul

der. A long solemn panse followed ; the ECONOMICAL CHARITY IN HUMBLE military guard stood still ; and none ventur

ed, either by word or motion, to disturb Let not any individual say, “I am of no the emperor in this singular interview. use in the world! I have no power to do The Grand Duke Constantine alone, whose any good !" for, as one of our poets says,

attention had been excited by this unusual “ Circles are praised, not that abound

stoppage, advanced somewhat nearer to his In greatness; but th' exactly round:

brother. The stranger then related, that

he had been a captain in the Russian serSuch praise they merit, who excel

vice, and had been present at the camNot in high state, but doing well."

paigns both in Italy and Switzerland; but Ac Hoffwyl, in Switzerland, lives a poor that he had been persecuted by his comwoman, who has devoted herself to the ed- manding officer, and so misrepresented to ucation and support of destitute orphan Suwarrow, that the latter had turned him children depending on the charity of the out of the army. Without money and compassionate, which is her only resource. without friends, in a foreign country, be She maintains eight; five boys, and three had afterwards served as a private soldier girls. The whole cost of her establishment, in the Russian army; and being severely including herself, is less than thirty francs wounded at Zurich, (and here he pulled his (say five and twenty shillings) per month; rags asunder, and shewed several gun-shot of which her lodgings costs four francs. wounds) he had closed his campaign in The expense therefore for each individual, French' prison. He had now begged all is scarcely three halfpence per day ; yet the the way to Petersburgh, to apply to the children are in good health, remarkably emperor himself for justice, and to entreat lively, fresh-coloured, and well-behaved.

an enquiry into the reason why he had been They are comfortably clad, and very obe- degraded from his rank in the army. The dient, She makes the elder teach the emperor listened with great patience, and younger; and, no doubt, she makes them then asked, in a significant tone, " If there serve themselves and the younger also; was no exaggeration in the story he had which of necessity imposes a habit of dili- told ?” “Let me die under the knout,' gence. The name of this exemplary per said the officer, “If I shall be found to have sonage is the widow Rumph; she is seventy uttered one word of falsehood." The emyears of age; she has been the mother peror then beckoned to his brother, and of fifteen children, and has been the foster- charged him to conduct the stranger to the mother to thirty-two others.

palace, while he turned round to the ex. THE EMPEROR ALEXANDER OF RUSSIA. who had behaved so harshly, though of a

pecting crowd. The commanding officer A young woman of German extraction, good family, and a prince in rank, was very waited for the Emperor Alexander on severely reprimanded; while the brave the stair-case by which he was accustomed warrior whom he had unjustly persecuted to go down to the Parade. When the em was reinstated in his former post; and beperor appeared, she said, “ Please your sides, had a considerable present from the Majesty, I have something to say to you." emperor. ** What is it?" demanded the monarch, and

LITERARY. remained standing with all his attendants. “I wish to be married, but I have no for. ced a Romance in 3 vols to be called " The

Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd, has annountune ; if you would but graciously give me Three Perils of Man ; or, War, Woman,and a dowry”_" Ah, my girl," replied the em

Witchcraft peror, were I to give dowries to all the young women in Petersburgh, where do Mrs.Opie and the Author of Calthorpe ; and

Novels are forthcoming from the peps of you think I should find the money?" The Barry Cornwall's new Poem of The Deluge.

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