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the travellers proceeded on their jour- pher, deserve our thanks, that writer ney, and visiting successively Shechem, has surely a greater claim to our counor Neapolis, Mount Ebul and Gerezim, tenance and acknowledgments, who, and the Well of Samaria, arrived at by his useful and important researches, Náblous, from which place they return- has illustrated several of the obscure ed once more to Nazareth.

texts of a book, the due knowledge of It is not possible, in a few desultory which can only enable us to become extracts, to do justice to this important “ wise" in the best and most extended volume. We have endeavoured, for sense of the term. the information of our readers, to lur The volume is handsomely printed, nish an outline of Mr. Buckingham's and accompanied by excellent maps tour, but have been unable to record, in and plans of the places visited by Mr. ån abbreviated form, any of the nume- Buckingham. Each chapter is prerous and valuable illustrations of the ceded by a neatly executed vignette of sacred writings with which this work the most interesting portion of the abounds. If to throw a light upon the description. pages of the poet, historian, or philoso

(Blackwood's Magazine.)


IN my younger days, bell-ringing was clapper, which deadened every second

much more in fashion among the toll. I complied, and mounting into young men of — than it is now. No- the belfrey, crept as usual into the bell, body, I believe, practises it there at pre- where I began to cut away. The hat sent except the servants of the church, had been tied in some more complicaand the melody has been much injured ted manner than usual, and I was perin consequence. Some fifty years ago, haps three or four minutes in getting it about twenty of us who dwelt in the off; during which time my companion vicinity of the Cathedral, formed a below was hastily called away, by a club, which used to ring every peal message from his sweetheart I believe, that was called for; and, from continu- but that is not material to my story. al practice and a rivalry which arose The person who called him was a between us and a club attached to an- brother of the club, who, knowing that other steeple, and which tended con- the time had come for ringing for sersiderably to sharpen our zeal, we be- vice, and not thinking that any one was came very Mozarts on our favourite in- above, began to pull. At this moment struments. But my bell-ringing prac- I was just getting out, when I felt the tice was shortened by a singular acci- bell moving; I guessed the reason at dent, which not only stopt my perform- once it was a moment of terror ; but ance but made even the sound of a bell by a hasty, and almost convulsive efterrible to my ears.

fort, I succeeded in jumping down, and One Sunday, I went with another throwing myself flat on my back under into the belfrey to ring for noon pray- the bell. ers, but the second stroke we had pul The room in which it was, was little led shewed us that the clapper of the more than sufficient to contain it, the bell we were at was muffled. Some bottom of the bell coming within a one had been buried that morning, and couple of feet of the floor of lath. At it had been prepared, of course, to ring that time I certainly was not so bulky as a mournful note. We did not know I am now, but as I lay it was within of this, but the remedy was easy. an inch of my face. i had not laid “ Jack," said my companion,“ step up myself down a second, when the ringto the loft and cut off the hat;" for the ing began.-It was a dreadful situation. way we had of muffling was by tying a Over me swung an immense mass of piece of an old hat, or of cloth (the for- metal, one touch of which would have mer was preferred) to one side of the crushed me to peices; the floor under

me was principally composed of crazy The bell pealing above, and opening laths, and if they gave way, I was pre- its jaws with a hideous clamour, seemcipitated to the distance of about fifty ed to me at one time a ravening monfeet upon a loft, which would, in all ster, raging to devour me; at another, probability, have sunk under the im- a whirlpool ready to suck me into its pulse of my fall, and sent me to be bellowing abyss. As I gazed on it, dashed to atoms upon the marble floor it assumed all shapes; it was a flying of the chancel, an hundred feet below. eagle, or rather a roc of the Arabian I remembered for fear is quick in rec- story-tellers, clapping its wings and ollection-how a common clockwright, screaming over me. As I looked upabout a month before, had fallen, and ward into it, it would appear sometimes bursting through the floors of the stee- to lengthen into indefinite extent, or ple, driven in the ceilings of the porch, to be twisted at the end into the spiral and even broken into the marble tomb- folds of the tail of a flying-dragon. stone of a bishop who slept beneath. Nor was the flaming breath, or fiery This was my first terror, but the ring. glance of that fabled animal, wanting ing had not continued a minute, before to complete the picture. My eyes ina more awful and immediate dread flamed, bloodshot, and glaring, in vestcame on me. The deafening sound of ed the supposed monster with a full the bell smote into my ears with a thun- proportion of unholy light. der which made me fear their drums It would be endless were I to merewould crack.—There was not a fibre ly hint at all the fancies that possessed of my body it did not thrill through my mind. Every object that was hidIt entered my very soul ; thought and eous and roaring presented itself to my reflection were almost utterly banished; imagination. I often thought that I I only retained the sensation of agonize was in a hurricane at sea, and that the ing terror. Every moment I saw the bell vessel in which I was embarked tossed sweep within an inch of my face; and under me with the most furious vehemy eyes I could not close them, mence. The air, set in motion by the though to look at the object was bitter swinging of the bell

, blew over me, as death—followed it instinctively in its nearly with the violence, and more oscillating progress until it came back than the thunder of a tempest ; and again. It was in vain I said to myself the floor seemed to reel under me, as that it could come no nearer at any fu- under a drunken man. But the most ture swing than at first ; every time it awful of all the ideas that seized on descended, I endeavoured to shrink in- me were drawn from the supernatural. to the very floor to avoid being buried In the vast cavern of the bell hideous under the down-sweeping mass ; and faces appeared, and glared down on then reflecting on the danger of pres- me with terrifying frowns, or with grining too weightily on my frail support, ning mockery, still more appalling. would cower up again as far as I dared. At last, the devil himself, accoutred, as

At first my fears were mere matter in the common description of the evil of fact. I was afraid the pullies above spirit, with hoof, horn, and tail, and would give way, and let the bell plunge eyes of infernal lustre, made his apon me. At another time the possibility pearance, and called on me to curse of the clapper being shot out in some God and worship him, who was powsweep and dashing through my body, erful to save me. This dread suggesas I had seen a ram-rod glide through tion he uttered with the full-toned clana door, flitted across my mind. The gour

of the bell. I had him within an dread, as I have already mentioned, of inch of me, and I thought on the fate of the crazy floor, tormented me, but the Santon Barsisa. Strenuously and these soon gave way to fears not more desperately I defied him, and bade him unfounded, but more visionary, and of be gone. Reason, then, for a moment, course more tremendous. The roaring resumed her sway, but it was only to of the bell confused my intellect, and fill me with fresh terror, just as the my fancy soon began to.teem with all lightning dispels the gloom that sursorts of strange and terrifying ideas, rounds the benighted mariner, but to

shew him that his vessel is driving on but, at the end of that short time, the a rock, where she must inevitably be bell would be rung a second time, for dashed to pieces. I found I was be- five minutes more. I could not calcucoming delirious, and trembled lest rea- late the time. A minute and an hour son should utterly desert me. This is were of equal duration. I feared to at all times an agonizing thought, but rise, lest the five minutes should have it smote me then with tenfold agony. elapsed, and the ringing be again comI feared lest, when utterly deprived of menced, in which case I should be my senses, I should rise, to do which I crushed, before I could escape, against was every moment tempted by that the walls or frame-work of the bell. I strange feeling which calls on a man, therefore still continued to lie down, whose head is dizzy from standing on cautiously shifting myself, however, the battlement of a lofty castle, to pre- with a careful gliding, so that my eye cipitate himself from it, and then death no longer looked into the hollow. This would be instant and tremendous. was of itself a considerable relief. The When I thought of this I became des- cessation of the noise had, in a great perate. I caught the floor with a grasp measure, the effect of stupifying me, for which drove the blood from my nails: my attention, being no longer occupied and I yelled with the cry of despair. by the chimeras I had conjured up, beI called for help, I prayed, I shouted, gan to flag. All that now distressed but all the efforts of my voice were, of me was the constant expectation of the course, drowned in the bell. As it second ringing, for which, however, I passed over my mouth, it occasionally settled myself with a kind of stupid resechoed my cries, which mixed not with olution. I closed my eyes and clenchits own sound, but preserved their dis- ed my teeth as firmly as if they were tinct character. Perhaps this was but screwed in a vice. At last the dreadfancy. To me, I know, they then ed moment came, and the first swing of sounded as if they were the shouting, the bell extorted a groan from me, as howling, or laughing of the fiends with they say the most resolute victim which my imagination had peopled the screams at the sight of the rack, to gloomy cave which hung over me. which he is for a second time destined.

You may accuse me of exaggerating After this, however, I lay silent and my feelings; but I am not. Many a lethargic, without a thought. Wrapt scene of dread have I since passed in the defensive armour of stupidity, through, but they are nothing to the I defied the bell and its intonations. self-inflicted terrors of this half-hour. When it ceased, I was roused a little The ancients have doomed one of the by the hope of escape. I did not, howdamned, in their Tartarus, to lie under ever, decide on this step hastily, but, a rock, which every moment seems to putting up my hand with the utmost be descending to annihilate him,-and caution, I touched the rim. Though an awful punishment it would be. But the ringing had ceased, it still was if to this you add a clamour as loud as tremulous from the sound, and shook if ten thousand furies were howling under my hand, which instantly recoitabout you—a deafening uproar banish- ed as from an electric jar. A quarter ing reason, and driving you to madness, of an hour probably elapsed before I you must allow that the bitterness of again dared to make the experiment, the pang was rendered more terrible. and then I found it at rest. I determiThere is no man, firm as his nerves ned to lose no time, fearing that I might may be, who could retain bis courage have lain then already too long, and in this situation.

that the bell for evening service would In twenty minutes the ringing was catch me. This dread stimulated me, done. Half of that time past over me and I slipped out with the utmost rapidwithout computation,—the other half ity, and arose. I stood. I suppose, for appeared an age. When it ceased, I a minute, looking with silly wonder on became gradually more quiet,but a new the place of my imprisonment, penesear retained me. I knew that five trated with joy at escaping, but then minutes would elapse without ringing, rusbed down the stony and irregular

422 Biography of Remarkable Characters lately deceased.

(vol. 10 stair with the velocity of lightning, and formed a prominent topic of my raarrived in the bell-ringer's room. This vings, and if I heard a peal, they were was the last act I had power to accom- instantly increased to the utmost vioplish. I leant against the wall, mo- lence. Even when the delirium abated, tionless and deprived of thought, in my sleep was continually disturbed by which posture my companions found imagined ringings, and my dreams were me, when, in the course of a couple of haunted by the fancies which almost hours,they returned to their occupation. maddened me while in the steeple.

They were shocked, as well they My friends removed me to a house in might, at the figure before them. The the country, which was sufficiently diswind of the bell had excoriated my face, tant from any place of worship, to save and my dim and stupified eyes were me from the apprehensions of hearing fixed with a lack-lustre gaze in my the church-going bell ; for what Alerraw eye-lids. My hands were torn and ander Selkirk, in Cowper's poem, combleeding : my hair dishevelled; and plained of as a misfortune, was then to my clothes tattered. They spoke to me as a blessing. Here I recovered ; me, but I gave no answer. They shook but, even long after recovery, if a gale me, but I remained insensible. They wafted the notes of a peal towards me, then became alarmed, and hastened to I started with nervous apprehension. I remove me. Ile who had first gone up felt a Mahometan hatred to all the bell with me in the forenoon, met them as tribe, and envied the subjects of the they carried me through the church. Commander of the Faithful the sono yard, and through him who was shock- rous voice of their Mnezzin. Time ed at having, in some measure, occa- cured this, as it does the most of our sioned the accident, the cause of my follies; but, even at the present day, is, misfortune was discovered. I was put by chance, my nerves be unstrung, some to bed at home, and remained for three particular tones of the cathedral bell days delirious, but gradually recovered have power to surprise me into a momy senses. You may be sure the bell mentary start.


(European Magazine.) A MONGST those numerous distin- at the early age of five years, and sub

guished individuals, of whom Great sequently acquired a taste for mechaniBritain has such just reasons to be cal pursuits by the mere accident of beproud, for elevating her fame in the coming acquainted with the sons of ranks of art and science far above all Mr. Andrew Mickle, the inventor of contemporary kingdoms, the subject of the thrashing machine, who tenanted a this brief notice is one of the most cele- mill upon the estate, and whose talents brated; and the monuments of his abil- were brought into action by Mr. George ity are such as must transmit his name Dennie, of Phantassie, the elder brother to all posterity. They must remain of John, and much celebrated as an agcoeval with the existence of the land riculturist. Young Dennie's whole de which they adorn and dignify; and light consisted in watching the labours must excite admiration in the remotest of Mr. Mickle, but he never neglected ages of her future history.

his studies in consequence : on the con

trary, his ardour for the sciences enJOHN BENNIE, Esq. was born creased to such an extent, that he did June 7th, 1761, at the small village of not forsake bis schools until he could Preston Kirk, in the county of East acquire no more instruction; and such Lothian, Scotland; and was the young- was the rapidity of his progress, that est of a family of nine children. He he far outstripped the whole of his comhad the misfortune to lose his father, a panions. At the age of eighteen he most respectable and extensive farmer, went to Edinburgh, and there acquired

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fresh knowledge under Professors Black were before dangerous or inaccessible ; and Robison, of that university ; with -to redeem districts of fruitful land the latter of whom he formed an inti- from the encroachments of the ocean, macy which led to his introduction to or to deliver them from the pestilence Messrs. Boulton and Watt, into whose of the stagnant marsh;—to level hills, service he entered about the year 1784; and to unite them by aqueducts or having, however, previously erected arches, or by embankment to raise the several mills with great credit to his valley between them ;-to make bridges abilities. Messrs. Boulton and Watt that for beauty surpass all others, and were not long in discovering his extra. that for strength seem destined to enordinary merit, and employed him, in dure to the latest posterity ;-Mr. Denconjunction with themselves, to erect nie had no rival. Every part of the the Albion Mills, at Blackfriars, plan- united kingdom possesses monuments ning and executing the machinery, of his glory, and they are as stupendous which was driven by two steam en as they are useful. They will present gines of considerable power, and then to our children's children objects of considered the finest mill work in ex- adıniration for their grandeur, and of istence. The whole were, however, gratitude for their utility. Compare destroyed by fire in the year 1791, the works of Mr. Bennie with the most when Mr. Bennie commenced business boasted exploits of the French Engion his own account, and soon after- neers, and mark how they tower above wards commenced his career as Civil them all. Compare the Breakwater Engineer to the Crinan Canal, so re- at Plymouth with the Cassoons at markable for the very extraordinary Cherbourg ;-any one of his Canals labour and difficulty required in its with that of Ourke; and his Waterlooerection; and the Lancaster Canal, fa- bridge with that of Nuilly; and our mous for its aqueduct over the River country may justly glory in the comLune; every particular of which is parison. Their superiority is acknowgiven in Rees's Encyclopedia article ledged by every liberal Frenchman; Canal.

and M. Dupin, who is so well qualified Mr. Rennie married, early in life, to do justice to his merits, has, in a Miss Mackintosh, a beautiful young la- Notice Necrologique respecting him, dy, whom he had the misfortune to lose addressed to the Royal Institute of some years since, but who left him an France, paid a tribute to the virtues interesting and accomplished family. and amiable qualities of Mr. Dennie, They have now to lament the loss of a and given a brief, but masterly, account second parent, who, though possessed of his principal works. of a constitution and frame so robust as “ Mr. Dennie,” says M. Dupin, to give the promise of a long life, sunk“ raised himself by his merit alone. In ander an unexpected attack at the early a country in which education is geneage of sixty.

ral, he received from his infancy the The death of Mr. Dennie is, indeed, benefit of instruction, which he aftera national calamity; and his loss can- wards knew how to appreciate. not be adequately supplied by any liv “ Scotland has the glory of having ing artist with whom we are acquaint- produced the most of the civil engied; for, though we have many able en- neers, who, for nearly a century, have gineers, we know of none who so emi- executed the finest monuments of the nently possess solidity of judgment with three kingdoms, and the most ingenious profound knowledge; and who are machines ; James Watt, John Hennie, gifted with the happy tact of applying Thomas Telford, &c. seconded with to every situation, where he was called so much ability by the Nimmos, the upon to exert his faculties, the precise Jardines, and the Stevensons.” forin of remedy that was wanting to After enumerating the works executhe existing evil. Whether it was to ted by Mr. Hennie, for Messrs. Watt stem the torrent and violence of the and Boulton, and his application of most boisterous sea ;-to make new steam to machinery for clearing canals, barbours, or to render those safe which he observes

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