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thing !"

“ From him ?” repeated the old man ; no, no- | hearted people, in the cause of one who had injured blessings of conversation within his reach P-Chunning's

them, but whose injuries were forgotten the moment Self-Culture. “ lo think of the likes of him being forced to fly his real situation was known.

[The above sentiments breathe a fine spirit of philanthe counthry through debt and danger," ejaculated “ I thought you'd do the right thing," said old thropy, but we fear are quite visionary.] Kathleen, earnestly; "but it's well it's no worse ;- if he Lanty, while tears trickled down his cheeks ; " there was caught! Only think of his being put in a prison, are many have the heart as good towards the masther,

THE FRENCH PRIEST. like a bird in a cage !-it would break my heart, so it and maybe softer; bat there's none have so much would !” sinse.”

[Abridged from a Sketch by Delaforest, in "Heads of the French, * God bless you for that word,” said the old man. It was arranged that Lanty should lie by for a

drawn by Themselves."] "Father murns greatly for him," continued the couple of days, and that either Murphy or his daugh- Tue nobility have resumed their titles, recovered part little maid, “ but he says it's a great lesson to the ters should convey what was necessary to the Black of their landed estates, and received, by a legislative counthry. And the other day, on the side of the Abbey for the poor sufferer.

enactment, a magnificent compensation for their mountain, where they war quarrying stones, my bro- The country had not yet done talking of his impru- losses; the middle classes, in their various grades, ther set on my father about a venture he meant to get dence, misfortunes, and rapid disappearance from have gained a marked influence ; but the clergyup, and for which he could have borrowed the money amongst them. They could understand his extrava- ridiculed and prostrated in the eighteenth century, aisy. So my father made no answer until he took him gance and

carelessness ; but if they had known, they hated and persecuted by the Directory-have never up to the very top of the mountain, and then looking could hardly have comprehended, the sensitiveness and resumed their influence. The position, fortune, and far over and away, he asked him to whom the bog and pride that would, independently of the circumstances dignity of the French Priest, seem to have sunk for river and land belonged a hundred years ago, and he which left no alternative between voluntary or jail ever: made answer, to the O'Rourkes and D'Arcys, who confinement, have compelled D'Arcy to hide what he

The calling of the Priest is not recognised by the married into one ; and then he pointed to where the considered a dishonoured head in the depths of the civil law until he obtains the situation of vicar [or wood had stood, and asked how it had been all levelled, grave, sooner than have it seen by his old associates. assistant to a curate), when be begins to receive an and the birds that inherited it of the Almighty forced The storm had been even more desperate than he official salary out of the public purse. He is then to fly along with the four rinds of heacen to seek another anticipated ; and agitation brought on fever, which considered a government officer; and as such, his home; and he said it was because of the debts gathered his humble friend had truly designated as “ the sick- annual salary is voted with those of all other public over it; and my father asked again, who had the ness.” To the services of poor old Lanty, D'Arcy servants, from the king down to the last messenger ; lands now, and my brother said, the stranger and the O'Rourke had an undoubted right; but he saw his and a sum of twenty-eight millions of francs being cunning man. Äy,' went on my father, and the old friend sinking under exertions which were likely divided between the thirty thousand persons that money lender; the borrower is banished from the face to destroy him rapidly. The only thing those of his government condescend to keep in pay for the service of the earth, says my father, but the lender is esta- obdurate creditors could obtain by detaining him in of the church, each Priest's average income is under blished in his stead. We'll go on as we are,' says my prison, was revenge ; and tliis, as I hare said, for debt, forty pounds a year, and there is not one Priest for father, 'not spending all we earn, but laying by all found

no echo in the generality of Irish hearts. Many every thousand souls. we can, and then putting out our own honestly. I were the instructions Lanty gave Murphy as to what

Thus a great number of Priests, not included in the well know the danger of debt, and the debt of danger. he was to say and do, when he visited “the masther;" official list, which begins by the archbishops, and ends We'll learn to do without what we can't pay for, and that night his directions were particular indeed; one with the vicars, must depend for their existence on give God thanks we don't owe the value of a brass thing only he did not feel it necessary to recommend their own personal property, or their scanty share of farthing through the counthry.!. My father has a -perfect silence ; he knew they would die sooner than the small fees collected in the church they attend, saying,' continued the pretty chatterer, " that debt is betray their trust.

which are divided by the vestry, under the superinlike a grain of mustard seed that springs into a great That night Murphy took down his gun, and, being tendence of the curate of the parish. The immediate tree.”

amply provided with all things necessary, which his consequence of this inferior condition of the French “He's a wise man,” muttered Lanty, who was too wife and daughters prepared with unusual care, de- clergy is, that their numbers are recruited solely from much of the old school fully to value the wholesome parted on his mission. The good woman would not the lower classes, and from those poor but respectable doctrine, which, moreover, was given at an injudicious call her husband back for fear of “ turning his luck,” families in which the young men, accustomed from time. "He's a wise man, with a bigger head on his but she ran after to whisper in his ear, " that he was childhood to hardship and privation, are prepared with shoulders than a heart in his bussum, and that's what to remimber it was one of the raie ould stock he was more fortitude to bear the difficulties with which the I dont like."

going to, and to be very particular in his mamers, Priest has to contend in his laborious career, under “ That's not thrue all out,” hastily replied Kathleen. especially nono, as the dear gentleman was in sore our philosophical laws, and in the present state of * My father's head and

heart are much of a size, thank throuble. This was in unison with the farmer's own public morals: God, and that's the blessing ! And sure if he could opinion, and he was somewhat offended at the caution

Thus, also, it must be acknowledged, those free and have sarved the young master, he would.”.

which his own generous feelings, clad in coarser gar- spontaneous vocations which sometámes appear in the “Ay, ay, when sarvice is not needed ; there's many ments, told him was unnecessary.

highest stations of life, being now above any suspicion say that," muttered the old servant.

Many visions floated before him as he climbed the of ambition or cupidity, are the more strong and dur“I don't know what's come to ye,” exclaimed the rocky acclivity leading to the Black Abbey. The foot- able, and command the more authority

and respect. girl, bursting into tears; " but I'd take the bit out of path was wild and tangled. First of all he had to ford The Catholic church is disencumbered of those abbés, my own mouth to give to him, and so would all my through a portion of that peculiarly Irish morass that who had only the name and half the costume of the people, Lanty, in spite of yer bad words."

adheres to the mountain side, then to spring from crag Priest; whose busts, fancifully sculptured, might be “Would you, though ?" said Lanty., “Do it then; to crag, until

, having attained the highest point com- seen in the gardens of the nobility ; who used to write the young heart is not desateful like the ould. The manding a view of the ivied ruins, which lay peace. tragedics when they could not write songs or operas : a masther isn't fled the counthry; Kathleen, he could not fully in a little dell sunk between two hills

, he paused kind of irregular troop, witliout

leader and without

pay, fly; he was seized with the sickness, and I hid him to consider what he should say. Murphy's salutation who, strangers as they were to the militant clergy, away from the vagabonds that would have laid him to friend or foe, to superior or inferior, would have brought by their conduct inevitable disgrace on the in his grave before this, if they had had their way. been ready without thought, but D'Arcy was a com- cloth in the eyes of the vulgar and the ignorant. DeliHe was so beleaguered, he could not get off. But, bination of all at once. The national fealty to his vered from these idle and perverted members, the Cathoavourneen, you'd pity him from yer heart. The spirit landlord that had been, was combated by the severe lic church, as at present organised, prepares the young is so high in him, that he'd die before he'd let any loss and degradation he had endured from his reckless Levites, whom she brings up with care in her bosom, to ono—I mane any of his own sort--know where he is, habits and broken promises. D'Arcy was vastly his the solitary and cheerless life that awaits them in the or how he is; and he's wantin' the little nourishments, superior in birth and education, but the upright and exercise of their calling. No one now thinks of railing which, God help us, his mother and grandmother, and honest spirit, the firm purpose and taintless word of or blaspheming against the Priest : it is no longer the great-grandmother, and every mother he ever had in a free-born man, assured the brave tiller of the soil fashion, and is esteemed vulgar; but, prompted by the world, bestowed upon all belonging to them in that those high 'ınoral qualities elevate the peasant, strong feelings of antipathy, or dreading the restraint tho counthry-sure they ever and always considered the while their abuse degrades the peer. Ile stood alone his presence imposes, or, perhaps, wincing under the poor their own people. Yet he's made a resolution not under the canopy of heaven; the pale stars were

tacit censure conveyed by his example, people shun to go on trust for any thing; though we're expecting “ dreaming their path through the sky," the rab- the Priest, and exclude him almost entirely from their money every day from an uncle he has, that's a general bits were gambolling in the moonlight,

and the hoot domestic circle. Either through systematic

religious in foreign sarvice, to get him out of the counthry of the owl ascended from the little valley, mingled indifference, or on account of their irregular habits, or when the suspicion is over, and the coast clear, and he with the honest bark of the distant dog?' Murphy in obedience to worldly prejudice, they never think of able ; and, Kathleen, what I wanted to tell yer father paused to consider what he should say. He knew

what living on terms of intimacy with a man for whose was, that I'm afeard his bitther foe, Jack Cronan of the ardent

and fiery temper of the young
man had been, assistance

they apply on every important circumstance Limerick, suspects he's not gone, from seeing me and he had a shrewd suspicion that it would rebel of their life, and who will be called to afford them spiabout, and watching me when I go up towards the against, not yield to, circumstances. He almost wished ritual comfort

on their deathbed. Truth to say, the Black Abbey. Now, though your father's hard, he's he had suffered his wife to come ; for she certainly Priest is far from desiring admission to the pleasures honest ; and as the poor masther never settled that would have done nothing wrong.

of the social family circle-he would not enjoy them. ould thrifle of a bill about the last horses and things,

He avoids mixing with society, because he perceives, that was renewed so often, why, those mane-hearted

beneath an apparent kindness of manners, prejudices, vagabones would think he was like themselves, and THE DRAMA AN IMPORTANT AGENT OF CIVILISATION. want of sympathy, and adverse feelings prevailing never suspect he was doing Masther D'Arcy a good Dramatic performances and recitations are means of against him; and he will not excite or set them at turn. So I was thinking that you, I mane your bringing the

mass of people into a quicker sympathy with defiance. The Priest's religious education has taught father, would maybe"« Take him all we have on our baro knees, watch grand, beautiful

, touching conceptions, than can be and all worldly tribulations ; and, prepared as he is to him and tind him, and save him, and get him out of effected by the reading of the closet. No commentary live apart from a world that cannot do without him, the hands of his inimies at last , God be praised !" throws such a light on thereat poems or any inpassionate he is ever ready to tender his assistance

when required! exclaimed the generous-hearted girl. “Oh, Lanty, who brings to the task a deep feeling of his author, and Such is the situation, above the reach of prejudice

, I'll forgive you

all you said. To be sure we'll put rich and various powers of expression. A crowd,"clec- assigned the Priest in the social scale by the gospel a blind on the law; and sure enough it's my father trified by a sublime thought, or softened into a humanis- and the moral code in all Christian countries. will manage every thing, and you only did him jus ing sorrow, under such a thought partake a pleasure at The newly-ordained Priest who has no taste for tice. But you said something about his wanting ; once exquisite and refined ; and I cannot but believe tuition, or who is afraid alike of its advantages and its shall I take him mother's cordial, and the tay, and that this, and other amusements, at which the delicacy difficulties, is always anxious to perform his sacerdotal the cake, and every thing in the house, at onst? No of women and the purity of the Christian can take no duties; and, after the Christmas consecration, his one would suspect me, you know, Lanty; only, in offence, are to grow up under a higher social culture. bishop appoints him resident Priest of some large paGod's name, where in the Black Abbey could you Let me only add, that, in proportion as culture spreads rish in a great town. Let us follow him there, the have put him away?"

among the people, the cheapest and commonest of all better to appreciate the privations and the toils of the " I'll give you the tokens, avourneen, whin yer pleasures, conversation,

increases in delight. This, after French Catholic Priest. His only income is composed father comes in ; I could have got what he wanted, all, is the greatest amusement in life ; cheering us round of the tenth

or twelfth part of the voluntary

fees paid only for the waywardness he shows. And, besides, 1 our hearths, often cheering our work, stirring our hearts to the parish for the christening and commemorative know I'm watched.Not many minutes after this disclosure, the farmer, think of its influence. This source of happiness is of heaven, so silently and continually that we hardly masses (marriage and burial-service foes belonging ex

clusively to curates and vicars), and this precarious his wife, and eldest daughter, returned ; and it would often lost to men of all classes for want of knowledge, and scanty resource hardly enables him to provide have been a lesson worth remembering to those who mental activity, and refinement of feeling ; and do we do the bare necessaries of life. He is obliged to take argue on the selfishness of human nature, to have wit- fraud the labourer of his pleasure by recommending to lodging at the top of some docent but obscure house ressed the zeal displayed by those humble but warm- him improvements which will place the daily, lourly a pallet bed, a table, and a chair or two, compose the

was a

whole of his furniture ; and if he has any attendance signs, and its progress, than he ever was before, be- eleven Indians, three white men, and seven panthers ; at all, he is indebted for it to the private feelings of cause experience and the calamities of the Church have and it's my candid opinion you are all a set of cowards !"

With this denunciation he jolted against Dr Bsome honest charwoman, who finds a compensation in not been lost upon him. the enjoyment of her charitable feelings for her insuf- To sum up the social and distinctive features of man of high honour and unquestionable courage. The ficient wages. the physiognomy of the French Priest, follow him from doctor immediately threw the disgraceful epithet back

on him, and at the same time spat in his face. The bowie This is not all. He will also visit the sick, the the seminary to the college chapel, to the barrack, on

knife of the stranger immediately glistened in the light, poor, the prisoners ; and, however difficult he might board ship, to the font and to the altar, to the death- but the timely rush of several gentlemen prevented his find it to surmount the natural dislike inherent to bed of the sick, to the cottage of the poor, and the plunging it into the heart of his opponent. Matters were humanity for scenes of wretchedness and misery, his wigwam of the savage ; observe him treading on the soon brought to an understanding, and a formal challenge sense of duty, of evangelical benevolence and heavenly carpeted floors of splendid mansions, or visiting the was given and accepted by the parties. Dr Breward, will not desert him in his arduous task. But convict in his cell, and accompanying him to the scaf- thickset muscular man, and considered one of the best who will not sympathise with the painful depression fold: you will always find him adapting his demeanour shots in the states, and even the arrangements of the of a cultivated mind, obliged constantly to commune and his speech to times, to places, and to persons. duel did not shake his determination to humble the arwith children, women, men of the lower condition, The most characteristic trait of the French Catholic rogance of the stranger. The terms were these :-The whose intellect is hardly open to any light, who know Priest--that which bears the impress of his peculiar parties were to be locked up in a dark room (the seconds not how to discern the acts of their every-day life, education-is his disposition always to act with the remaining outside), each to be stripped of his clothing

with the exception of pantaloons, and the arms and who are ignorant of the value of the words they utter most becoming propriety, his constant readiness to -half savage beings, who do not even present, as a make sacrifices to every situation. It has been said shoulders to be greased with lard. Each had a pair of compensation for their stupidity, the stimulant

at- with truth that there is always some virtue concealed pistols and a bowie knife. At a given signal from the traction of a conversion to make, of a new civilisation beneath the rigid observance of propriety; and the who survived the dreadful conflict, stated that for nearly to prepare? Who will not pity the mental torture Priest being the most perfect model of all sorts of pro- a quarter of an hour they kept at bay, and scarcely a to be endured by those constantly retold instructions, priety, he resumes in his life the practice, or at least tread or breath could be heard after the cocking of the by that attendance to confraternities of religious old the appearance, of every virtue.

pistols. At moments he could see the cat-eyes of his maids, by those unintelligible confessions, which form

antagonist; and when he was about to fire, they would an essential part of the young Priest's duty, at the

NOVEL-SPINNING.

disappear, and appear again in another part of the room. beginning of his professional career ?

He at length fired : as quick as thought the shot was We shall not attempt to follow the Priest in the novels out to the length

of three volumes

, occurs in the his agony he discharged the second pistol at random; the

The following jeu d'esprit on the practice of spinning returned, and the ball passed through the shoulder. In routine of all his professional duties, performing suc- New York Mirror for August 31, 1839 :

flash brought a return from his opponent, and another cessively the christening, marriage, and burial services, "A novel must be in three volumes. It matters not

ball passed through the fleshy part of his thigh. Faint our especial province being to observe and describe him whether the author's story is long or short-his plot in- with the loss of blood, he staggered about the room, and out of church, in his connection with the world and tricate or simple-his incident crowded or scarce-his

at length fell heavily upon the floor. The stranger society. After many years of trial, his merit, not un characters few or many—in all cases his novel must be in chuckled when he heard the noise of his fall, but soon assisted by his family interest, or the patronage of three volumes. It is the publisher's fiat. If Richardson became silent, and slowly and softly approached his vicsome protectors, may obtain for him the appointment had lived in those

days, he would have had to cut down tim, with the intention of dispatching him with his knife. of vicar or curate ; nay, perhaps he may be raised Clarissa Harlow, Pamela, and Sir Charles

Grandison, to This, however, the doctor, with much presence of mind, bishop or archbishop-and, as nothing is impossible, expand his charming

little Vicar of Wakefield to the though barely alive, prevented; for the grey eyes of the same dimensions. A tale in one or two volumes is deemed balls over him, he struck

his knife upwards, and it went The Priest can always, we shall not say hope, but fear trivial, and in four or upwards cumbersome, and therefore through

the heart of his antagonist, who fell by his side no novel-writer, unless he be an established favourite, without a groan. The door was then opened, and the (which is more consistent with his humility) to be dares depart from the beaten track of three octavos or entrusted with the spiritual government of the Chris- duodecimos. This gives rise to a systematic process of duellists were found weltering in each other's blood."" tian world. Brought up for all situations of life, he is elaboration, which is a very great bore. Indeed, there is and southern parts of the United States, that proceedings prepared for all changes of fortune, and will bear them no end to the affectation and flimsiness of which it is of the above horrid nature cannot be checked.] all with equal dignity: his habitual chastity, poverty, productive ; and an author is frequently obliged to wire

DUKE OF WELLINGTON AND SIR JAMES MʻDONNELL. and resignation, give him a complete control over him- draw his scenes and thoughts in a way which is very

A friend has related to us an anecdote illustrative not self. Indifferent, but not selfish—charitable, without afflicting, parading any outward emotion-observant, without The interrogation and exclamation are much in request, only of the high opinion entertained by his grace of this malignity-silent, without being disdainful—and cau- and special favourites with those who practise the art of distinguished general, but of the delicate generosity distious, although he does not lack courage -he will spinning. Sometimes there is a good deal of ingenuity played by Sir James to a non-commissioned officer of appear irreproachable to the world, and he will rather ingenuity at all. The design is frequently too apparent lington was waited upon at apsley House by two gentle abstain from mixing with society than engage --too barefaced; neither wit nor humour is employed to too warmly in its conflicts. You will never hear of conceal the fraud. A gentleman's inquiries about little will of a deceased friend

of eccentric habits,

who had the Priest except when you want him; and be he

or nothing are numerous in the extreme, and his surprise left L.500 to the bravest man in the British army, they poor or rich, in the lowest ranks of the church militia about little or nothing painful and prolonged to a painful called for the purpose of handing to his grace a cheek or among its highest dignitaries, he will be in close extent. For instance :

for that amount; being fully satisfied that in so doing contact with every social crisis, without playing any “ Were you at Sanderson's last night, Tom ?”

they should religiously fulfil the duty imposed on them conspicuous or offensive part. Has any one connected

“ Yes."

by the testator. The duke thanked them for the comwith the courts of law ever heard of a Priest appear

“ Crowded ?"

pliment they had paid him, but resolutely declined to ing there as a debtor or creditor, plaintiff or defen- “ A regular jam! Whom do you think your false fair receive the money, alleging that the British army con

tained many as brave men as himself. After several dant ? We know only of two recent exceptions, and, one, little Emily”.

“ Stuff!"

pressing remonstrances, his grace's visitors earnestly reunwilling as we are to recal painful recollections, we

“ Led off the ball with ?"

quested that he would consent to become arbitrator in must say, that one of the men alluded to was not

the matter, and indicate the individual on whom the

“ Oh! Watkins, of course." French, and that both had been attainted by the dis

“ No."

bequest should be conferred. To this appeal he acceded, cipline of the Church before being found guilty by a

" No!"

promising, in the course of two or three days, to give criminal court. Still these two solitary examples, in " Not Watkins !"

the matter his consideration, and report to them the our days, when all ears and all eyes are anxiously open “ No-I'll tell you—not Watkins."

result. At the appointed time they again made their to the smallest delinquencies of the Levites of the “Harry Selbourne, perhaps.”

appearance at Apsley House. The duke received them church, bear the most striking testimony to the high " Wrong again. What think you of Fred. Thompson !" with great courtesy, but assured them that he had found character of the French clergy, to which no other can “ Pooh !"

the task a great deal more difficult than he had anticibe compared. One or two bad sheep in a flock of “ Fact."

pated. After enumerating to them the various battles thirty thousand are hardly worth mentioning; and

“ Nonsense !"

in which he had been engaged, and some of the most the united clergy of Italy, Germany, Portugal, Eng

“ 'Pon honour !"

striking feats of heroism he had witnessed, he suggested “ Fred. Thompson !”

that, if they had no objection, he would make his selection land, Spain, and both Americas, cannot boast, like the

from the battle of Waterloo, that being the last, the

“ Fred. Thompson." French clergy, of the mighty assemblage of so many

This virtues, united to such exemplary dignity, poverty, to that ?"

" You don't say so! What will Sophy Tompkins say greatest, and most important action of the war.

point being adjusted, his grace proceeded to state, that and learning.

&c. &c. &c.

Hougomont having been the key to his entire position, Buried now in a few legislative, municipal, and aca

Now, in place of such twaddle as this, to which and that post having been defended not only with the demic mummies, the spirit of Voltaire will no more plenty of parallels are to be found in our modern novels

, most complete success, but with the most chivalrous invent and publish pretended misdeeds perpetrated by would it not be equally instructive and answer the great bravery, by Major-General Sir James Macdonnell, who Catholic Priests. Calumny has made way for truth, object of filling the page just as well

, to do it in this commanded there, he could point out no one so fully and the newspapers are every day filled with descrip- fashion :

entitled to the legacy as that officer. The executors tions of acts of courage, devotedness, and benevolence,

repaired accordingly to Sir James Macdonnell, and haraccomplished by members of the Catholic clergy, whose

ing acquainted him with the decision of the Duke of example is in keeping with their best sermons. Here

Wellington, tendered him the money. Sir James exthe archbishop of the metropolis, when a contagious

pressed himself highly flattered by so distinguished a DUELLING IN AMERICA.

mark of his grace's approval, and observed, that although fever is raging in Paris, can be constantly seen in

The following is from the New York Spectator:-“We he should not attempt to dispute altogether the propriety attendance at the hospitals, adopting all orphans that received a letter from a friend in the west, a short time of his decision, yet, as he knew a man who had conducted the fatal disease throws upon his inexhaustible charity; since, from which we extract the following account of a himself with at least equal gallantry in the same battle, there a young vicar plunges into the river, at the peril duel, which, for novelty

and brutality, the reader must he

must insist
on sharing the prize with him. He

then of his life, to rescue the insane or imprudent victim, confess, has not been surpassed :

went on to say, that at one period of the day the French whom he saves from certain death ; another, braving settling disputes, I will endeavour to give you a descrip: force, that the gates of the farm were burst open, and

• Writing of their genteel and honourable mode of troops rushed upon Hougomont with such irresistible the danger of a fatal conflagration, preserves the pea- tion of a duel which took place in a southern city not for a moment the fate of the position appeared doubtful, sant's cottage, or the manufactory that gives employ- long since ; and to do the narration justice, I must inform when a powerful serjeant-major of the Coldstream Guards, ment to many operatives. Again, it is a Priest who you of its origin. One night, a stranger—a tall, bony, and of the name of Fraser, assisted him in closing the gates, throws himself between two combatants misled by a powerful man-stepped into the bar-room of a fashionable which they did by dint of sheer physical strength, upon false sense of honour, and a sincere reconciliation botel, and swaggered about, to the no small amusement the enemy. Shortly afterwards the French were driven takes place upon the spot selected for deadly contest of the company. His dress was unique, being a coarse Every day, in fine, is revealed to the public some noble Petersham coat, decr-skin pantaloons, and heavy water

back with great slaughter, and the fate of Hougomont

was decided. Sir James added, that the Duke of Welor generous deed accomplished by members of that boots. His head was graced with a huge Mexican hat, lington had evidently selected him because he was able class so long devoted to the calumnies of the press.

with a brim half a yard wide. The butts of two large to make good a post which was a key to his position; There is in this rapid sketch neither exaggeration horse-pistols protruded from either pocket of his coat, and he could not, on the same principle, withhold from nor poetry. Plain truth is told, supported by unde- and the handle of a bowie knife projected from under his the gallant soldier who assisted him, 'at so critical a niable facts. We have shown the French Priest in vest. The strangeness of the man's appearance rivetted moment, in forcing out the enemy, his proper share of his real character, without the servile and injudicious the bump of combativeness shrank from the swing of his and divide it with Serjeant-Major Fraser, to whom

he the attention of all present, and those who did not boast the reward. He would, therefore, accept the L.500, veneration of narrow-minded devotees; but we have also tried to vindicate him from the suspicion of hypo- 1 duction. No one appeared to dispute it, so he proceeded. Journal.

giant arm. “ I'm a gentleman,” said he, by way of intro accerdingly paid L.250 of the money.- United Service crisy entertained against him by all libertines. We « I own three thousand acres of prime land, two sugar have pourtrayed the Priest, not as he is misrepresented plantations,

and one hundred negroes, and I can chew

up London: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by W.s. by silly people and slanderers, but as he is now-more any man in this room ;" still no one disputed him; and ORR, Paternoster Row; and sold by all booksellers and news the man of the times, more attentive to its wants, its looking round with a sneer, he exclaimed, “ I've killed men.-Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.

[graphic]

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

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EQUALITY OF HAPPINESS. a public dinner, inasmuch as a multitude pays for it, possession of the vehicle seems to extend. The comThe notion that happiness is pretty equally distri- and it is eaten for the public benefit ; but a public monplaces of all nations are eloquent on the cares buted throughout all ranks and conditions, is of old sacrifice would frequently be a more correct desig- which attend wealth, the contentions to which it gives standing. Something of the kind is to be found in nation.

rise, and the vices of which it is the root. UnquestionHomer :

The great have some title to indulgence, if not ably it often produces more irksomeness than pleasure, Two urns by Jove's high throne have ever stood, commiseration. A king has great power, but less sets those by the ears who otherwise would have been The source of evil one, and one of good ;

liberty than the meanest of his subjects. His cos- friends, and, worst of all, corrupts the nature of him to From thence the cup of mortal man he fills,

tume, his residence, his locomotion, his servants, whom it flows most freely. Another of its evils has Blessings to these, to those distributes ills; To most he mingles both :

his associates, his consort, all that constitute the been less remarked upon, the necessity which it imposes The happiest taste not happiness sincere ;

pride, the free-will, and unrestrained licence of others, of acting according to the will of others, rather than But find the cordial draught is dash'd with care."

are ordained and prescribed to him by the law and one's own. Expectations are formed of the wealthy, The same view has been taken by Mr Hume, and his station. In theory, a monarch can do no wrong; as of the titled man. He must be generous to the much can be said in favour of it. "If we regard the in practice, he can do nothing right, nothing that degree, and in the modes, and with reference to the class apparently most pampered by fortune_the rich is not obnoxious to the censure of some of the objects, which others choose, or submit to be thought and honoured—we certainly find that they have their multitudinous host who sit in judgment over all a remarkably bad dispenser of the gifts of Providence. cares and vexations, and these not merely what all are his actions, and to whom he is in some degree ac- He is perhaps expected, merely because he has the subject to by nature, but many of them incidental, countable for his every-day conduct. All those next pecuniary means, to practise hospitalities, for which as it may be said, to the very possession of wealth in rank and authority under him, his peers, mi- he has little of either patience or taste. Whatever he and honour. The necessity under which wealthy nisters, judges, and great officers, down to the does or gives, it is measured against the imagined and titled persons lie, of acting up to the character worshipful mayor, recorder, and aldermen of a muni- standard of liis wealth, and, as it is thought equal to, which their possessions assign them, is not the least. cipal corporation, are in corresponding vassalage-- or short of that, so is he reputed. Even his ordinary Rank is to be supported, not only by the appropriate subject to like responsibility, to like stringent condi- charities are liable to be miscalculated, each recipient cxpenditure, which it may be difficult to provide, but tions, as the price of official eminence. They live not knowing well what he himself gets, but not how many by certain suitable or supposedly suitable modes of forthemselves, but the community; their lives are in the others are getting or have gotten, or how much in all behaviour, which it may be very uneasy to sustain. public breath-an affatus, which, more than any of is dispensed. In short, the rich man is called upon How often have the great been found glad to lay aside the gases which chemistry has discovered, is the most in a thousand ways to concede to the will and expec

No tations of others, and finds that it is much easier their state, when they could do it with safety, to vaporous, elastic, evanescent, and inconstant. mingle in common crowds and common enjoyments ! salary, no fees, patronage, perquisites, or honour, even to perform the task of making money, by men Even so far to indulge nature as to have a hearty burst appear an adequate compensation for living so depen- supposed so difficult, than to spend it in such a way of mirth, after being long restrained within the limits of dently, and being made so fixed a mark for all the as may be consistent with his own peace of mind, and, a tame decorum, would often be to them amongst the

arrows which prejudice and malice may be pleased what largely contributes to that in most natures, his most desirable of luxuries ; but it is one which they per- to discharge. If one reflects that the greatness of good standing with his fellow-creatures. haps more rarely enjoy than even the humblest orders of inherit offices hereditarily, like

the sovereigns of Eng- life, we shall find that they are attended with somo

some is not sought, but thrust upon them; that many If we look, again, at the more conspicuous evils of flourishes of trumpets, and with vast pageantry, in ho- land or the sheriff of Westmoreland ; that many, again, counterbalancing advantages, which make them not nour of some distinguished character, is an imposing their parents or guardians, who preferred tinsel dis- humble are not required to act up to an artificial

have been thrust upwards by the ill-judged vanity of quite so great evils they at first seem. The solid enjoyment to the spectator, or unknown guest, tinction to real happiness ; and that others are the character ; and when subscription-papers go about, than to the chief performer, to whom it sometimes cadets of noble houses, in virtue of which, and in the poor are never expected to subscribe. Whenever turns out to be rather of the nature of a mockery relation thereto, tkay are fixed in high places, they do clever or generous things, their merit is, to than of a feast. A patriotic statesman, successful

-Cursed and stigmatised by power,

use Johnson's phrase, handsomely acknowledged,” warrior, a thrice-returned member of parliament, a

And raised to be exposed

for such things are not expected of them. Mighty lord provost, or lord mayor elect, is to be glorified; withont aptitude, taste, or fitness for promotion ; we blasts which prostrate the great, pass harmlessly over but how purely aërial must be their indulgences, shall find abundant topics calculated to console the the heads of the lowly; and, as Jurenal long ago knowing that they are the “observed of all observers, more humble and less ostentatious, who "pursue the remarked, the man without a purse laughs in the face the admired of all admirers.” On them all eyes are noiseless tenor of their way in the sequestered vale of of the robber. In a thousand ways, humble circumfixed; on their tongues all voices are hung. Can they private life.”

stances may be found both convenient and agreeable. eat, can they digest, under such a concentration of

The late Lord Castlereagh used to compare public They expose, it is true, to some evils ; but from many gaze and interest? Can they taste the flavour of the office to a “ bed of roses ;" there were gay colours and others they directly procure protection and exemption. viands or of the rich wines set before them? Might some perfume in it; but the thorns were sharp, and

Nevertheless, while there is probably truth in every not any thing almost be put on their plates, or poured sometimes annoying, as his lordship, so fatally to his one of the above propositions, we must look a little into their glasses, which they would unconsciously own peace, unhappily found them to be.

farther in order to see the whole truth. The swallow? Their attention is absorbed by the scene The drawbacks from riches are not less than those blessings of life may be allowed to have their drawaround; their ears are erect to catch the plaudits

, or, from station, and the luxuries they purchase are backs, and the evils to have counterbalancing ad perhaps, a stray sneer or disparaging whisper ; big not always sweet or wholesome. Nothing is so vantages ; but we fear that little sincere conviction drops of perspiration exude and cluster on the fore- fascinating to the careless beholder as a splendid would be produced by any effort to show that all head ; the nostrils distend, the breast heaves, they well-tasselled and well-cushioned equipage ; it is cer- classes of men are, class for class, alike happy, and that breathe thick, short, and with difficulty ; sighs and tainly a great protection from night air and bad rank and condition are therefore matters of indiffeeven groans escape, evincing the throes they endure weather, though its necessary uses in most situa- rence. Such arguments belong to a cajoling kind of in simultaneous efforts to eat and drink, smile and tions are now tolerably well provided for at leas philosophy which is sometimes practised towards parbe gracious, and to keep in due order and connection care and cost by cabriolets, omnibusses, and other | ticular classes, with, we should think, remarkably the sentences of thanks to be shortly forthcoming in vehicles ; but it has more serious disadvantages than little real effect of the kind contemplated. It seems return for the “undeserved and unmerited tribute - expense, or taxes on liveries, four wheels, and pleasure to us more manly, as well as more true, to say, that the proudest epoch-the happiest moment of their horses. Carriage people, we guess, are not remarkably there is much genuine benefit to be derived from wealth, lives, to which they shall ever look back, with the healthy, nor do they appear, in passing, particularly when it can be obtained without too great sacrifices. It deepest gratitude and most unbounded satisfaction, to happy ; they lack the brisk respiration and cheering procures many comforts, and above all things confers the latest hour of their existence." Exhausted by exertion of the pedestrian, in whose recreative pastime the inestimable happiness of becoming the means or this delivery, the exhibitant sinks back into his chair they are denied full participation, either from want of instrument by which the woes of others are to be like a discharged leech, collapsed and spent, sick and practice on common roads, or the interdict of fashion. lessened and their happiness increased. It saves from disgusted, until perhaps a glancing thought crosses Where a carriage, moreover, is kept, there must be many great dangers and evils to which the poor are his mind of the pure air and undisturbed repast to be such an observance of times and appointments, the exposed continually. It gives the glorious privilego, enjoyed in some sylvan villa, which administers a cor- health of horses, and so forth, as materially must sub- as it poet calls it, and a glorious privilege it is for dial to his sinking energies. Such a banquet is called Itract from that very freedom of motion which the i all who can obtain it, though the reverse is no real

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BY MRS S. C. HALL.

men of low estate."

degradation to the helpless—“ of being independent.” as an infant from disease, faint for want of sustenance, joyfully to her husband. “ I'm thinking that first of Station, again, can never be unworthy of a generous utterly and completely exhausted, the last of his all to have it, honey

dear; people must have brain ambition, since it also confers the power of greatly race sobbed like a siek baby on the shoulder of the and you know." she added, smiling at her husband, attained, must in ordinary circumstances have the kind-hearted Murphy. “I wish it was my wife was that." effect of raising the mind above sordid and degrading in it,” said the farmer ; “ I'm mighty unhandy about “ Every kindness you show me," said D'Arcy, influences. With wealth and station there may be yer honour, so I am; and sure she shall come and when he was sufficiently recovered to move about his great cares and great harassments ; but these are tind yer honour, if you will let her.”

narrow chamber, “every kindness you show me is like comparatively of rare occurrence, and those which

“ Don't 'honour' me, Murphy,” said D'Arcy sadly; always inquiring what was said of him throughout the

a dagger in my heart. "I did not deserve it." He was most frequently occur are of a trifling kind, such as nothing but the absence of real and great evils could “I've no state left now.”

country, and when it was likely he could leave it. It invest with any power of annoyance. With poverty “Ough, what matter ?” he answered; "the state was interesting to observe what able tacticians both and humility on the other hand, great evils are more may go, but the honour lives in a man's own breast. Murphy and his wife became, simply by the teaching frequent or more constant in their action--a scanty I'd uphould it through the counthry, that it's alice be pleasant for him to hear, and avoided all that was

of a kind heart. They let him know all that would to oppression and contumely, danger of disease which there, any how; and, plaise God, whin yer honour is out contrary. At last they took advantage of the darkness there may not be the means of remedying, and of the fungs of the ferer, and the hands of yer inimies, of a summer night, and removed him to their own many others not less great. One melancholy fact ye'll prove it. Give an honest man time to get through cottage, where the change of air and the additional stands on the records of the statists in proof of the his throubles, and he'll prove he's honest I'm sure comforts tended greatly

to accelerate his recovery ; but greater exposure of the poor to the mishaps of life, of that."

still he remained the shadow, the very shadow, of his that the value of life amongst them is less than it is

former self—so worn, so weak, that he was literally amongst the rich ; that is, that the number of deaths

“God bless you, Murphy !–God bless you !” he unable to raise his cup of gruel to his own lips. They amongst them, reckoning age against age, is greater. murmured. It was astonishing how, in a couple of made his bed in the loft," which was above the kitIt is also to be observed, that the distresses of the poor hours, Murphy improved the aspect of the place. chen; and as the boards rested on the thick rafters, are much less avoidable than those of the rich. A Lanty had brought some old carpeting and matting heard every thing that was said in the house ; and to

and there was no ceiling beneath, D'Arcy O'Rourke rich man, if he finds his carriage troublesome, can lay there by stealth, which had been thrown away as it down. If he finds himself too much pressed upon

poor Mrs Murphy it seemed as though illness had by a circle of friends, he can cut himself out from it, valueless, and by its aid the worthy farmer concealed sharpened his perceptions, for sometimes the neighand take refuge in any pleasant part of the country the entrance to the vault, and managed to make a bours would talk what she did not wish him to hear. or on the continent. Most of the things which trouble more comfortable couch. He kindled a fire, and con

“ Did ye hear, Mrs Murphy, that the new people at him are only those habits of society which an inde trived to keep it burning all night, despite the smoke, the red slip, near the cross-roads! Oh! tho throuble

the big house are going to pull down every cabin on however, for the griefs and pains which beset the which, as the night was calm, escaped through the must be heavy on the young squire, whersver he is, to lowly estate, where means are slender, and friends rugged entrance. The fire enabled him to supply his think of the suffering he brought on the poor, by not consequently few !

patient with warm tea during the watching hours. taking care of his own.” Or, Men practically acknowledge these truths by the At times D'Arcy's mind wandered ; but, in general,

“Oh! dear, there's Tom Mulligan of the Forge gono exertions which they make, each to acquire better he was tolerably calm, though most anxious about his altogether to the bad; he's fled the counthry, and they means and superior station. It is seen in the eager-old servant. He talked to Murphy about the future, the road.* He was a thriving man in a small way, ness of the labourer and artisan to obtain a small advance of wages or promotion to the situation of a

and his resolve to starve rather than go in debt-a until the young squire gave him an order for the new foreman, as well as in the movements of higher men. resolution which the farmer declared would make a iron gates, just whin he came of age ; he thought that And well it is that Providence has implanted this greater man of him than ever. And when the morn

would make him, and ran in debt for the iron. Sure, universal solicitude for something better, for, except ing came, and Murphy was obliged to depart, the like every thing else, they were never paid for. Or, vidence has created for us could never have been young squire experienced the benefit that is easier felt Mrs Nowlan died last night;' she was always mighty otherwise realised.

than explained, and which always succeeds a conver- tinder about the heart, and her little way of business sation with a person of strong mind, no matter how was destroyed through the goings on at the big house. unlearned.

People, who maybe only wanted an excuse, said they STORIES OF THE IRISH PEASANTRY. “ I did not deserve this from you,” said D'Arcy; could not pay her, because the squire never paid them.

“I did not think you would give it. Lanty knew you But she's gone now, any how."
better than I did.”

Mrs Murphy tried all she could to keep these “ Mind not high things : but condescend

ST PAUL

" He had a betther right, sir, being one of ourselves. babbling tongues in order. Sometimes she told them

It isn't tha likes of you, in general, that understands the to "spake aisy, for one of the girls was above on the DEBT AND DANGER.

hearts of the poor. But, sure, sir, dear, I have the bed sick.” Sometimes she dismissed a neighbour with

honour of sarving you, and that's a rich reward for the information that she had a power and all of work LANTY had secreted his master in a small square me.”

to do ;" but though her eldest daughter, and Kath

It is rarely that one of Murphy's countrymen is so leen, both exerted their ingenuity to the utmost to underground chamber, not exactly a vault, nor yet a right-judging, rarely that he would be able to sepa- keep the house quiet, they could not always

succeed; room; the air was admitted through a loophole at rate the giving the horse on credit to the young squire and if the subject had not been of such an agonising one side, on a level with the roof; it had been used from the personal service rendered gratuitously, but nature, D'Arcy must have admired the stratagems formerly as a sort of resting-place for those who car- his reward ; and while I give him due praise for his the straightforward honest man had, as he well said, put in requisition on his account.

This was bitter schooling. He knew perfectly well ried the coffins of the O'Rourkes to their last home; / warmth and wisdom, I must remember that D'Arcy that he had inconvenienced and distressed the rich, and two large stones, that occupied the whole of one endured much ; for to accept most generous service but he had not imagined that the influence of his side, marked the entrance to the vault of D'Arcy's from one he had injured, was deeply humiliating to

own and his family's imprudence had so injured the ancestors. It had been inhabited for many years by a the tried and wounded spirit. Proud also by inheri- poor. Those who had heaped blessings on his head "holy man," who, after performing his penance of tance-a pride that had been both trampled on and as he passed along, and whose faces he knew even as fasts and seclusion, disappeared from the country al- goaded_if

D'Arcy O'Rourke had been of a common his own, the more gentle and unpretending their comtogether about a year before the young squire's ruin. thered himself up therein, as in a mantle, and cultimind, he would have taken refuge in his pride, ga- plaints were, the more he suffered.

“Ah! sure, the poor gintleman could not help it ; The entrance was then closed, as a child playing about vated

the idea, that being a lord of the soil gave him he'd have paid it if he had it, God help him.!". Or, the abbey had fallen in, and been seriously injured. right over“ his people," as I have heard them called, “They say he's gone beyond seas. Well, betther luck

When Murphy entered, he could only discover at forgetting that the real law of landlord and tenant is to him, wherever he goes. Sure, the good drop was first a heap of old tapestry laid along three high-backed which he exchanges for its value in silver, or it may before every one's child!" Or, chairs, which Lanty had so arranged as to form a sort be brass, yet still receiving the value. But D'Arcy's “ Ah! it's not right of us to be so hard upon the of couch for the sufferer; and the words, “ At last, mind was not of a common or coarse order ; he had poor young gintleman! What else could be expected at last you are come !" were succeeded by a feeble persisted in the errors of his caste from habit, and a from the way he was reared. I'm sure, though we must movement; and while Murphy struck a light by the dreaming that the man who runs in debt beyond his forgive him ; he did not mane it."

desire to keep up the dignity of his family, little eat our paytces dry this year through his manes, I can aid of his gun-flint, D'Arcy managed to raise himself ability to pay, surrenders his peace of mind, and pro

D'Arcy O'Rourke had often inquired why Lanty on one elbow, and gaze wildly on his visitor, whom he strates his dignity under the feet of his creditor. did not come and see him, and not one of the kind now perceived was not Lanty.

When awoke fully to a sense of his situation, his re- people who laboured so earnestly to minister to his " Don't come rear me !" he exclaimed,“ don't come nature of the cure was so severe

that the patient might his last faithful breath in a neighbouring cottage.

solve was boldly and bravely taken ; and though the wants could tell him that Lanty was breathing out near me! I ki ow you now; but I'll never be taken sink beneath its operation, still, if he survived, he did Various excuses were made, the principal being, that alive ; I've sworn it. I have lain all day watching so in the genuine pride of conscious

strength, in the sure he was watching the post for his honpur, and these stones, and wondering if they would open for enjoyment of that mental health which enables a man when a letther came, he'd bring it”-or," he had hurt me. But don't come near me, Murphy. I suppose HONOUR, the honour of an honest man—the HONOUR people would be wondering if he was carried to the

to look steadily forward to a given end, that end being his foot with a splinter, and could not walk, and the yon rode here, eh? Well, some have horses, but others from whose star a ray of glory expands on every side. Murphys.” The old

servant had outlived “ his people," have none-but others have none !” he repeated wild- In the mean time, the report that " a travelling outlived all his affections, save the strongest and ly; while the farmer, overpowered by the sight, as he woman was ill of the fever in the Black Abbey, and dearest. The poor creatures where he was taken ill afterwards said, “ of the brave flower of the counthry after her without danger on account of the charrum," they gave him their own, and slept themselves.com

made up a little bed for him in a shed ; that is to say, cut down and blasted,” stood perfectly powerless op- was industriously circulated, and obtained easy belief loose straw, for self has no place in the heart of an Irish posite to him, the candle faring against the walls

, in a credulous district. Lanty, though suffering from peasant. Lanty Lurgan's sole comfort during the last and giving just sufficient light to enable D'Arcy, severe illness, like the poor bird in the story managed days of his existence arose from hearing daily, through when a little more cool, to observe the mingling of to decoy the intruder from the cherished nest, and the medium of the benevolent Murphys, that the agony and pity depicted in his face, while tears coursed had the satisfaction of knowing that Cronan believed young master was better. each other rapidly down his manly cheeks. The young

" the masther,” if still in the country, was secreted “ I know I'm going, Kathleen, avourneen, I know

some five miles off. This was all they desired, except, I am. If I could only see the letther from his uncle, squire then became alarmed for Lanty, and eagerly indeed, the recovery of the poor sufferer, which the and look on his sweet face onst more, I'd die aisy, i inquired if he had caught the fever, which gave undeviating attention of Murphy and his family acce- for what's done can't be undone now. The letther will Murphy an opportunity of explaining all in a few lerated. To Mrs Murphy's great relief, she discovered come under cover to me, for a cloak, you know; and, words. At first the young man was silent; but true

on her first visit that the young man had not been sure enough, if I'm not in the world to receive it, generosity is infectious; it is a sort of signal-light, suffering from the sickness,” but from a fearful de- what will he do at all po

“ Don't bother yerself, Lanty, honey, don't; you'll which, when lit up in one bosom, will communicate to insanity--a nervous intermittent sort of fever,

rangement of the nervous system, amounting almost to the next, without any seeming contact. And, weak 1 *Brain sickness’ is not catching, any how !" she said

PART II.

* Beg.

be well enough by'n by; yo'll go with the young the heart in me at last, even I, who was born in it-the counthry, for his trials have been bitther. He masther away; keep up yer heart ; maybe the letther it's poisoned it is—it ended me; but you'll be out of had, what might be called, TRIALS, which I could tell; will come to-day or to-morrow," replied the weeping its reach. I praise the Lord for that ! and yet you but I'm grown ould, and have tould so many stories Kathleen.

won't, masther, machree!—the body will be, but not the in my time, that, though this is every word true, “ Yes, avourneen, yes ; I will be well enough by'n heart, not the mind. Oh! my God !” he added, clasp- maybe it wouldn't be believed. Only this I'll say to by—betther than ever, I know that, praise be to His ing his withered fingers together, until the bones ould and young, rich and poor, bond and free, keep holy name, who provides a place where the poor are rattled in the loose skin ; “oh ! my God! to think clear of Debt, and ye'll keep clear of DANGER !" made rich, and the troubled comforted— I know that ! | that while so many is dashing, and spinding, and But, Kathleen, though the trees know that the spring striving for masthery—to think that all that time

EDITORIAL NOTE. will bring them fresh flowers, they keep on the ould they are only haping curses on their own grares !"

The preceding tale concludes the series of Stories of the Irish ones as long as they can—it's nature, child. I know I “Oh! Lanty! Lanty !” exclaimed D'Arcy, “ do Peasantry, which Mrs Hall undertook to write for our pages, shall see him hereafter, but still I want to see him here you, too, reproach me ?"

with the patriotic view of improving the morals and general eco- just onst. I remember a poor ould setther of his The old man started as from a dream, and, sinking nomy of her fellow countrymen, as well as of amusing and per. father's, very ould intirely it was, and the baste had at his master's feet,clasped his knees, and, while looking haps instructing readers among the humbler classes in Britain. lost the use of its hind legs, and we wanted to end it; wildly with his glazed eyes in his face, answered, “Me? How far the generous design of the accomplished authoress has but the young masther would not hear of it, and had is it I !-me! Oh! may the heavenly powers forgive proved successful, we have no opportunity

of judging ; but, from the ould baste brought up to a little room he had off a dying sinner! Me ?-did I did I 'twas a the extensive circulation of the stories in Ireland, and the manhis own, and, to plaise him, I used to tind ould Nero. drame, maybe, I tould; it could be nothin' else! It Der in which they have been received in this country, we have And, Lanty,' he says to me

one morning with his was a drame, I'm sure, masther-it was ; but you'll Hall adieu, and offering her our best thanks for the pleasure she sunbame of a smile, Lanty, whin ye're an ould man, forgive me. Reproach you ! no, masther. Bless

has bestowed on a wide circle of admiring readers, we are glad to I'll tend you, my boy, as you have tended my father's bless-bless you l-may all the powers of heaven and know that she will still occasionally find leisure, if the state of poor dog,' he says; and I says, 'God bless you, Masther earth bless you, my own dear masther!"

her health permit, to contribute stories of a varied character D'Arcy;' and 'I had hardly said the words, whin the D'Arcy, greatly moved, moved even to tears, hung to our miscellany. Meanwhile, as we learn, she is about to baste comes staggering out of the little room, dragging over his faithful servant, and endeavoured to raise perform a tour in Ireland, along with her husband, with the its poor legs afther it, and I saw the dart of death in him, but in vain; he continued to grasp his knees view of writing a work generally descriptive of that country, and its two eyes, and I wanted to put him back, but the with the grasp of a dying man.

illustrative of the manners and condition of its people. As Ireland young masther wouldn't, and the craythur dragged on “Bless you, Masther D'Arcy; open the letter-do, is now happily undergoing a rapid change for the better in its to his feet, and the masther put down his hand to coax dear. I can't see you now; there's a mist betwixt us, social aspect and character, and as it could not have a more it, like ; and Nero put out his ould tongue and licked but I see yer shadow. I'm here—I feel your hot tears zealous and impartial visitant than this excellent lady, we shall his hand over and over for more than a minute, then upon my cheek. Christ be praised, I've my wish! look forward with no small anxiety for the appearance of her turned up its head with a shiver, and died. And with I'm like the ould masther's dog Nero. I'm dyin'— work. that Masther D'Arcy took his own forehead betwixt at-yer--feet-and you've cried-over-Lanty-the

A very general wish having been expressed to possess Mrs his palms, and I saw the tears drop, drop, dropping, ould-dog of the family-and-that's—all."

Hall's stories in a volume separate from the Journal, for tho on the dead dog. Let me take it away, D'Arcy, It was indeed all the old servant was dead, and purpose of still more extensive and effective dissemination, we honey,' says. I, forgetting to masther him, for my D'Arey O'Rourke lifted up his voice and wept. It beg to mention that the stories are now in the press in the distinct heart was full; but he would not--only turned the seemed as though the grave of all dear things yawned form required, and will immediately appear as a cheap volume head and closed the eyes of the craythur, as if it was at his feet. The old man had cherished even his faults ; A Christian.

he had been his nurse, his playfellow, his friend, his Masther,' says I, after a bit, ' will you let me die slave. He had hoped to have taken him with him to POPULAR INFORMATION ON POLITICAL that way whin my hour comes; and will you do as a foreign land, but the hope had expired !-the warm

ECONOMY. much for me as you've done for Nero ? true heart had ceased to beat ; and, for the first time,

THE NATURE AND USE OF METALLIC MONEY. And he grips me by the hand, and says, “ Yes, when he, his master, called, there was no reply. Lanty, God knows I will, and more. I only ax as The letter contained a far more liberal supply than one of the most important of those popular mistakes much, I says. And Lanty added, 'If I could have as D'Arcy expected, and with the increasing and regarding money, which we find to have existed before much, I'd die happy.'”.

strengthening love of justice which was fast spurn- attention was directed to political economy, was proThe next evening, when the Murphys were occu-ing all thoughts from his mind, the young man bably this, that it was not, like other commodities, pied as usual, some spinning, some knitting, and the forced upon the Murphys ample remuneration for valuable for its utility, but that it possessed some men and boys looking to their cattle, or half asleep their trouble, and a small sum for several of the poor intrinsic value in its mere nature, independently of its over the fire, a little child in the neighbourhood who had been overwhelmed by the wreck, which he being put to use. According to more modern dooentered with the observation, " There's one without frankly confessed the system pursued by his family trines, the principal, and, in the opinion of some, the wants ye, Mr Murphy, şur.” Murphy rose and fol- and himself had created. “ The time will come, if I sole value of money, consists in its capability of acting lowed his guide, and leaning against a tree that flanked live, when I will pay ALL," he added, when preparing as a means of exchange, an instrument by which the the gable end of the house, was Lanty Lurgan, his to accompany the true-hearted farmer to the nearest various commodities and other valuable things in the great-coat flung over his shoulders, and his white hair sea-port, where his uncle had arranged that a vessel world are made to change hands when such a change and unshorn beard glittering in the fading light. The was to convey him to his destination.

is wished by their respective possessors. It has, how good man exclaimed that his visitor was mad, but a “I'm sure of it, with the blessing of God," said ever, uses incidental to this, which may be merely smile was his only reply—a smile so grim and ghastly Murphy. “And then, instead of ridin' out of the noticed in passing, that they may not interfere with that it made the farmer start; and then he drew forth place in the grey of the evenin?-which, to be sure, is the more simple view of the subject. Thus money is a letter, and the words “ it's come at last ; just let me the pleasantest-yer honour will come in broad day of use as a means of making

a present or a bequest; see and give it him," crept from between his lips. like a flash of lightning in yer own coach wid four beau- because it is the grand medium of exchange, and will The farmer managed to employ or dismiss those not tiful horses ; but ye mustn't get married till ye come enable the receiver to purchase what he pleases with in the secret of D'Arcy's concealment, and then back, because a furrin wife might turn yer head from it. It is an article of commerce and speculation for Lanty entered, without any assistance, beneath the yer own land.” “Hould yer tongue," said his wife ; the same reason, because it is used every where as an hospitable roof.

what do you know about it? wouldn't she loce the land article of exchange, and so is a commodity for which “Oh, daddy Lanty !” exclaimed Kathleen, flying for his sake ?"

there is always a demand. Having said so much to towards him; and then horrified at the expression of Each had prepared some“ token for his honour”-a show that it may be viewed as possessing other elehis countenance, so deathlike and wretched, she drew pair of lambs-wool stockings, or a red comforter, or a ments of utility, let us now view it in its most imporback, and observed to her sister, “ That sure there pair of worsted gloves. “And now," said Murphy, tant capacity as the universal medium of exchange. must be something about him not right, for he wint when they got to the boat which had been some time The reason why it can be used as the medium of up the ladder to the loft with a noiseless step, and the in waiting, “ I hope yer honour will accept the baste exchange is, because it is a representative of so much look of a spirit.” The setting sun was throwing his that brought ye down to the wather-it's own brother value in the various commodities which men wish to farewell beams over the landscape, and a light of to Badger and sure”

possess. A shilling is an article for which you prevail mingled yellow and red entered the loft through an But D'Arcy would not hear of this. He quitted on your baker to part with a loaf of a certain size. opening the worthy farmer had “pulled” in the thatch his beautiful country and his friend in a silence more The baker parts with his loaf for the shilling, because, to admit air and sunshine to the invalid. D'Arcy eloquent than words, and the last thing he saw through when he has got that and some other shillings in the was seated on his narrow bed reading, or seeming to the clear midnight air of a moonlight night was Mur- same way, he prevails on the shoemaker to part with read, and his countenance, though pale, wore the ex- phy kneeling on the shore, while his hands were out- a pair of shoes in exchange for them. The shoemaker, pression of one who, having gone through the worst, stretched towards the receding boat. When he un- in his turn, acts upon the tailor, and so on. If the is resolved to exert himself for the best. On seeing packed his little valise, he discovered that all the shilling ceased to produce the effect thus described, it Lanty he started forward to receive him, and though money he had given to Murphy for himself was folded in would lose its usefulness, and with its usefulness its judiciously apprised a few minutes before that the old his best silk handkerchief!

value. serrant was very ill, he was quite unprepared for the

But why should a shilling, because it is made of spectral appearance which, flinging off his hat, almost Years rolled on. The very old were dead, and those silver, have this effect, when a coin perhaps more elesank at his feet.

who had been young had grown grey, when it was gant, made of gilt brass, will not produce the effect ! “It's come, masther !—it's come !” he muttered, rumoured about the country that old 'Murphy was For this reason : the shilling cannot be had without extending the letter to his master; "here it is ; and giving money to a great number of people who had something of equivalent value being parted with to I brought it, and seen you onst more—and seen you suffered distress in consequence of the ruin of the last obtain it-the gilt brass coin could be obtained for onst more! There's money in it, masther, honey, and of the O'Rourkes, a thing which had occurred before something not worth a tenth of what is given for the the coast's clear now, and yo can get clean off, and be a some were born, and when others were just beginning shilling. If the shoemaker should consent to take great man. Sure, yer young years have hardly blos- to go “ their lone.” Some said he visited the country gilt brass coins from the baker instead of shillings, the somed yet! But, masther, honey, avick !—and they himself, for that a large head-stone was put over a baker, instead of giving a loaf of a certain size, say a are a'most my last words—don't forget ould Ireland, grave that the young had called “unknown” in the quartern loaf, for each, could make them or get them. though the throuble came on ye in it; and ye war too Abbey yard ; it was only inscribed, “To the memory made at a much less cost, and the shoemaker would high in yerself to be among your equals, sure ye did of Lanty Lurgan, a fuithful friend.”

find that as they had not cost the baker the trouble not want a humble friend. I'm a'most gone--and the There, however, was the stone ; and some said a of making so many loaves to procure them, so they distinctions of life are a’most gone—and all I can say tall large figure had been seen kneeling

by the grave. would not be the means of procuring for him (the shoeis, it isn't the jewels on the hand that gives the Be that as it may, old Murphy was called a "proud maker) any commodity equal in value to the loaves. charity we look at, but the hand itself. Give me a old man,” chiefly because he wore a “goold” watch in But suppose the baker, instead of giving five shillings drink, for God's sake !—I'm chokin’; and, masther, his fob like a gentleman, which watch has some letters in silver to the shoemaker for the shoes, should give honey, open yer letter. Sure l've kept ye from doing“ printed” round it, which his children, grandchildren, liim a piece of paper promising to pay that sum, or to so long enough! Let me see yo open it !” he con- and great-grandchildren, regard with peculiar venera- give its value in bread, to the shoemaker, or any one tinued, while his master's eyes were fixed upon him tion. It was only a few months ago that he inquired he may commission—if the shoemaker believes that with an agonising and intense gaze ; . “ do—let me if the gentleman who had purchased the family house, the baker will fulfil his word,

this slip of paper is the ses ye open it. Ah! the Lord be praised !-though with its more immediate estate, would part with it, same as money in his hands; it is a representative of my own eyes are dim, I see it now I see it all now! which he seems inclined to do, for he also has suffered value. If he has a neighbour who has the same opiIt's me, the poor Lanty Lurgan, yer honour's think- from the danger of debt. ing of, and not yerself, I see that. Isn't that life

nion of the baker, the slip may be money in his hands

" There's one wants it,” said Murphy, when speak- too ; and so it may be transferred from hand to hand. to my heart! 0! my joy!..Look ! I've lived many ing of it ; “ one that's a rale hero. There was but one It is evident, however, though in the practice of banka day in the height of it, the debt and danger 1 thing ever wrong with him, and in spite of every ing such a system has been carried to a vast extent, mane, until I thought I was used to it; but it broko I thing he got over it like a man. He's an honour to that there wust be a limit to its operation.

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