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RICHARD PORSON.

dog in Cork, who, when vexed, barked at, and bitten any extended process of reasoning, that the more we with certainty what will be the state of our weather at by a cur, took it up in his mouth, went quietly to study the character of animals, the more we shall

on any given day or month, we should, for example, the quay, and dropped it into the river ; and when respect and cherish them.” after a time he saw it carried down by a strong tide, This lecture, we repeat, is one that does honour alike first require to know what is to be the state of the and unable to swim to shore, he plunged in, took the to the head and heart of the amiable and talented weather in the Gulf of Mexico, Behring's Straits, or culprit by the neck, brought it to land, and, giving it author.

the deserts of Tartary or Africa. The thing is utterly a shake, departed; the shake being as much as a hint

impossible. Beyond a shrewd guess, from circumto go and sin no more. Here was justice tempered

WEATHER-WISDOM. with mercy-here was an acquaintance with the nature

stances immediately under observation, no one can go and uses of secondary punishments, that would have Some people pretend to be wonderfully skilled in fore in their predictions of the weather for the next fourdone credit to a political economist. But I cannot telling the weather ; but we do not believe that much

and-twenty hours. leave the subject of dogs without recounting what I extraordinary knowledge on this subject exists. By

BIOGRAPHIC SKETCIIES. the pleasure of knowing ; and I am assured that the observing the motion and appearance of the clouds, and facts can be attested by fifty persons or more ; in a few other simple phenomena, it may be possible to This eminent scholar was born, on the 25th of Detruth, by the inhabitants of a whole village.

foretell, with considerable certainty, whether we are to cember 1759, at East Ruston in Norfolk, where his The rector of a parish in the county of Sligo, at have a dry or a wet day to-morrow; but nothing more. father, Huggin Porson, was parish-clerk. Huggin, English spaniel, now rather advanced in years. He We consider all predictions from changes of the moon, though placed in a humble sphere of life

, and without has been of great value as a sporting-dog ; and, be

as quite fanciful, for they are as often wrong as right. the advantages of a regular education, was well quasides, being remarkable for general sagacity, has acted Yet some people put great faith in this mode of lified to foster and draw out the talents of his son. It

is related of him that he was accustomed, from the as a playfellow, a guide, and a guardian, to seven sons. weather-prophesying. “We are to have fine weather earliest period of the existence of his children, who Now, the eldest had just gone out into life with every all this week--the moon changed to-day at a quarter were three sons and a daughter, to exert himself to promise of being a credit to his parents, and a blessing to twelve o'clock.” Such is the kind of dogma to fix their attention, so as to make their minds suscepto them and others. He had been ordained and can which they attach their faith in this singularly deli- tible of knowledge. Richard, the eldest son, was and followed. But in the midst of his sacred labours, cate and difficult matter.

of the alphabet on sand, or with chalk upon a board, and in attendance on a sick-bed, he got a fever ; dur- Latterly, we have had a class of professional weather in each case pronouncing the name of the character ing the progress of the disease, his parents were ap- prophets-men who drive a trade in foretelling weather as he traced'it; so also he was taught to delineate prised of his illness

, but not, so as to communicate by the year, and you have only to buy their book to and to pronounce words and sentences : and thus he one hundred and forty miles , they were anxiously know all about it. While Mr Murphy

acts as weather time. The fancy of the child was delighted with these looking

out for another letter. In this interval the counsel for England, we are here in Scotland equally exercises ; and so apt did his imitative faculty become, spaniel was observed to have left the ball door, where well assisted by Mr Mackenzie. Both have their book; that he covered the walls of his father's humble manhe usually basked during the day, and betake himself though, to do our countryman justice, he has never, sion with writings, the neatness of which attracted

a lin. There he continued to howl at intervals, and we believe, made a fortune by it, and, though appas his days, Porson had a gift for beautiful writing, not

To of though sometimes coaxed away, and sometimes driven rently a deluded, is an honest and well-meaning man.

less admirable in itself, than it was surprising as being by his master with blows, he returned, and for two Mackenzie long preceded Murphy in his “discovery so rare an accompaniment of profound learning., Mr days continued ; when, without any apparent reason, of the true principles on which the weather is regu- Huggin Porson also exercised his son in the rules of ne left the spot, and came back to his usual haunts

. lated.” We daresay it is twenty years since he began arithmetic, and had made him proficient as far as the In the regular course of post, a letter brought the sad tidings, that on the day on which the dog ceased to make himself heard, and he is yet engaged in in- cube-root before he was nine years of age, without howling, the young man had breathed his last. structing the world's obdurate ignorance. Every year, done through the medium of the mind only. The boy

ever having used pen or pencil, book or slate : all was of all the sights under the

sun, perhaps the most about the month of October, he issues a kind of pro- by these means acquired the power of working the touchingly grievous is the spectacle of parents mourn. gramme of the weather for the ensuing twelve months, most elaborate problems in numbers, without setting ing over the death of children that have arrived at beginning with the 1st of November, or what he calls any of them down in a sensible form; and it is supbeing the sure stay of their declining years. The the weather year ; and this being copied with great posed that his powers of intense thinking, and of arparents I now allude to, have been sorely tried in this veneration by the provincial newspapers, the farmers thoughts, were in no small measure to be attributed way; for, the year following, the next son, a youth of have themselves to blame if they unawares see the to this early training. twenty, a fine manly fellow, with every quality of head rain fall or the wind blow upon their crops and herds. At nine years of age, he was sent to the village and heart that a fond father could desire ; he, also, was seized with fever. It is not for me to detail the Mr Mackenzie says in his announcement, that as long school, and there, under a worthy and intelligent, alternations of hope and fear that possessed the minds ago as 1802, he began to keep registers of the weather

, continued for
three years to pursue the

same studies of this much-tried family. But what I must

relate is, and by comparing these in subsequent years, he dis- as he had done under his father. Summers was also that the spaniel was found to have returned to his for covered that the winds had cycles, or blew in one a caligraphist, or practiser of beautiful writing, and melancholy howl. I can never forget the deep feeling us to understand, there is a course of weather for a mer station on the ditch, and there was uttering his manner in every series of years ; wherefore, as he wishes helped greatly to improve young Porson in that art.

Meanwhile, the father was not idle. Every evening lower of the family, who had nursed the boy, and taught certain number of years, and then the routine begins from memory the school exercises of the day,

and that him to lisp Irish on her lap, came up and told him in again, and is the same as before. This, it will be ob- not in a loose or desultory manner, but in exactly the an agony of tears that it was all of no use he might as served, is the revival of an ancient doctrine, and, as same order in which the exercises had occurred at well send away the doctor--for that yonder was the has been again and again proved, has no foundation in school. There is something very remarkable in these Joz; and there he was howling, and it was all over nature. Weather depends on so many contingent traits of an obscure parish-clerk in an English rural And so it was. The youth died ; and from that moment circumstances in this variable climate, that probably not chanced to have a child of such extraordinary the dog ceased to howl ; neither was he any more seen from the creation to the present time there have not genius. The methods

which this poor villager took resorting to the place he had so ominously occupied. been two years exactly alike-nay, not two days in to teach his children were nearly identical with those I have heard of many similar instances of dogs being different years alike. Be this as it may, Mr Mackenzie which philosophical persons of a later day recombut not with one so well attested as this. I tell what has got the crotchet in his head that he has found the mended as the most efficient, and which are now pracI believe to be true, and without drawing any super- trick of the weather, and labours hard to prove himself tised by all teachers who wish to take the best means

of accomplishing the ends of their profession. stitious or supernatural inferences from it. I can a true prophet. We shall now put his predictions to Richard remained with Mr Summers three years, only conclude, that there may be communicated to the test. In his last annual announcement he gives and, before the end of that period, his singular prothe acute senses of dogs, and other animals (as, for the following as the weather for April of the

present pensities

to study, his attention to whatever was taught

him, and the wonderful fidelity with which he retained ing dissolution, which to us are altogether unexplain. year = able; and that there may be in heaven and earth “ April.-About average windy; in cloudiness no- subject of notice and admiration even in that rustic

on his memory whatever he had acquired, became the things not dreamed of in our philosophy.

thing remarkable ; frosty ; yet days temperate and community. He attracted the attention of the Rev. In corroboration of the above statement, I give the mild promise a full average—and why? because the Mr Hewitt, the officiating clergyman of the parish, following extract of a letter I received from a lady days of rain promise considerably above average ; who took him under his care, in order to teach him I am assured, would not knowingly assert what she quantity of rain much above average. Character the classics. This benevolent person at the same thought was untrue : slightly windy, slightly cloudy, and very wet; this of Richard, who had gone

to Mr Summers's school at

time gave instructions to Thomas, a younger brother • I hope you will accept the following statement, in month will damp the agriculturist.”

the same time, and who was also much above the return for the gratification I received from your lec

Now, we ask if ever an event more completely average of children in aptitude for learning. The ture on the sagacity of animals :often amused me with stories of the affection and notorious that all over the country April was a miracle all the gentlemen in the vicinity. An opulent and When I was a child on my dear mother's knee, she falsified a prediction. Instead of being very wet, it is progress of both boys was great ; but that

of Richard sagacity of “ Dick,” her father's favourite dog. One of drought and sunshine--the driest and most beau- liberal person named Norris heard of him, and, having incident remained deeply impressed on my mind. tiful sunny weather that has been experienced during put him through an examination of the severest kind, My grandfather, Mr Hm, of the county of Cavan, spring within the memory of man. We wish it to be was so fully convinced of his singular capacity, that and then set up a dismal and incessant howl. The this piece of delusion as quite beneath notice, unless for when nearly fifteen years of age ; and there, almost repaired to an old limekiln, which he refused to leave, understood that we should consider the exposure of he resolved at his own expense to send him to 'Eton. next post brought the news that Mr H- -m was the purpose of warning simple people against putting from the commencement of his career, he displayed seized with gout in his stomach, and before his son any faith in such gross absurdities. There is always a such proofs of a superior intellect, such quickness of to howl exactly at the period of his master's

death; thing, provided it be asserted with a sufficient degree had ever read, that he quickly reached the sixth form, could reach Dublin, he was no more. The dog ceased tolerably large section of the public who will believe any perception, such facility in acquirement, and such

a found dead before the funeral arrived at the family of earnestness and pretension, and particularly if it the occupants of which received him with open arms burial-place.

be brought repeatedly before them in print. It should into their society. As far as they could, these upper It is now time for me to have done ; done, I say, be made known to these credulous though well-mean- boys, as they are called, favoured him by imparting to torily proved, at least to myself

, that inferior animals dent on atmospheric phenomena occurring at thou- their never failing resource in every difficulty, as well for I have not finished ; for though I have satisfac ing persons, that the weather in Great Britain is depen- him all they ħad themselves acquired; but they were intimate observation and study of their capabilities can sands of miles' distance on the Atlantic Ocean, in high as the leader of all their sports and frolics. That these make them more happy in themselves, or more useful northern latitudes, or in remote parts of eontinental were closely mixed up with graver exercises, appears to us. But I think that it may be inferred, without Europe, Asia, and Africa; and, therefore, to foretell from an anecdote which we shall venture on telling,

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notwithstanding that its point turns on a language, powers of learning and diligence in the editing of lady, was the reply: 'In that case you must meet me the frequent quotation of which we conceive to be various ancient authors, particularly the Groek dra- at St Martin's-in-the-Fields to-morrow morning at attended with disadvantages. The master had pro- matic poets; and it is allowed that in this particular eight o'clock,' rejoined the other ; and so saying, and posed as the subject of a Latin theme or exercise, the walk he has never been surpassed or even approached finishing the remnant of his liquor, he threw down his question whether, in killing Cæsar, Brutus did well by any. His life, however, was not altogether one of reckoning and retired. My brother, who knew, his or ill,” being expressed in the words, “ Cæsare occiso, primitive and retired scholarship.

man well, though not a little astonished, determined an Brutus benefecit aut malefecit ? A game being It is now necessary to turn from the contemplation to attend to the invitation, and at the hour fixed roproposed, young Porson joined the scholars in their of Porson, as a youth of obscure birth rising by the paired to the church, where he found the professor sports, in which he became so much engrossed that he force of genius to distinction and an office of high and the fair widow attended by a female friend, with entirely forgot the theme. When the time arrived trust, and to regard him in the light in which he ap- the parson and his clerk. The licence being produced, for handing up the production expected from him, he peared as a member of common society. It was not, the ceremony (a very short one) took place, when the was suddenly brought to a recollection of his duty, then, vouchsafed to this wonderful man, at once to parties separated, the bride and her friend retiring by and, hastily snatching a pen, he wrote, “ Nec bene be a prodigy of abstruse learning and mental acute- one door, and Porson and his man by another. It fecit , nec male fecit, sed interfecit,” that is, “He ness , and a steady and respectable man of the world. appeared that the alliance

had for some time been conneither did well nor iíl, but merely killed”-an exqui- A strong cast of eccentricity marked the whole of his templated, but the lady objected without her brother's site pun, and at the same time a most dexterous eva conduct. After a day of intense study amongst the approbation ; on this point, however, Porson was imsion of a difficult moral question. The effect of this intellectual great of two thousand years ago, he de- moveable; and the widow, well knowing his temper, happy sentence, so unexpectedly substituted for a long lighted to plunge into a common tavern, and sit smok- at length gave her consent to the clandestine step. and formal discussion, may be imagined. On another ing a pipe and drinking ale amidst the chance-collected My brother now urged him to declare his marriage to occasion, when the form were going up to say a lesson groups which usually are found in such places. Some Mr Perry, who he could not doubt would be speedily in Homer, Porson whispered to a neighbour, “I have times he would be lost to his friends for weeks and reconciled, though perhaps hurt at not being conlost my book ; let me look over the lesson in yours.” months, while engaged in some huge task, such as few sulted; but the professor would not listen to this He did so—was called out to construe—went with a besides himself could have encountered ; and then he advice, and they parted. * In a few hours, howVirgil in his hand—and from that book appeared to would all at once burst out from his study, and be ever, the Benedick entered in his best dress, namely, read out the lesson, which, though consisting of a hun- abandoned for a time to mere frivolity. In company black satin nether garments and ruffled shirt, which dred and twenty lines, he had instantaneously fixed in he was apt to be egotistical and rude, and to any one he only wore on solemn occasions. Friend George,' his memory from a single hurried reading: Boy as he who dissented from him, severe ; yet he was not above said he, 'I shall for once take advice (which I seldom still was, he soon became remarkable for his composi- endeavouring to please ladies by making for them do, as you know), and hold out the olive branch, protions, both serious and humorous; one of which was riddles and charades, a kind of composition in which vided you will accompany me to the Court of Lana drama, which was exhibited in the Long Room. he greatly excelled. His years were devoted to the caster.* You are a good peace-maker. They got Too great application at one time produced effects duty of clearing up obscurities in the Greek drama ; into a hackney coach and found Mr Perry at home. which threatened him with consumption, but his yet it never could be observed that he had the least The bridegroom was presented, made a speech, and constitution threw off the symptoms. Here, however, feeling for elegant literature ; and the whole bent of though his friend's self-love was a little ruffled, a rohe lost by death his patron Mr Norris, which he his taste, as shown in conversation and in occasional conciliation soon took place, a few friends were sumlamented for reasons of affection as much as for its verse-making, was towards what may be called the moned in haste, a handsome dinner was served, and injury to his own prospects. Fortunately he obtained coarsely humorous. It may even be lamented that an apartment was provided for the newly married other patrons, who were equally anxious to furnish the powers of his mind, if superior to those of most couple.” The lady died of decline, in 1797, after him with the means of advancement.

men, were employed to purposes of by no means great having been married only two years to the professor. Towards the end of 1777, when he was eighteen importance. If well regulated and rightly directed, A remarkable anecdote of the persevering applicayears of age, he was entered at Trinity College, Cam- they might unquestionably have proved of great ser- tion of which Porson was capable, is told with refobridge. His character had gone before him to the vice to his fellow-creatures at large; used as they rence to this period of his life. He had obtained from university. He was from the first regarded as a youth were, they only cleared up some obscurities in a few the library of Trinity College a manuscript of great whose extraordinary endowments, if life and health authors whose writings are totally unknown to the value in the eyes of the learned world, namely, a lexi, were spared, might be expected to add lustre even to many.

con or dictionary of the Greek language, which had Trinity, certainly one of the greatest and most dis- A gentleman who knew Porson intimately, gave, in been compiled in the seventh century by Photius, a tinguished academic bodies in the world. He at first a memoir of himself a few years ago, some highly patriarch of Constantinople. Porson employed ten engaged in mathematics, but soon quitted that study characteristic anecdotes of the learned man, some of months in copying this work in his beautiful hand ; a with little benefit, and sat down to the classics, in which we deem it worth while to include in this short great task, certainly, when we consider the care neceswhich he quickly distanced all competitors. He gained paper. “I had invited him," says this writer, " to sary at once for correctness, and for the elegance of the prize-medal as a matter of course, and in 1781 was meet a party of friends in Sloane Street, where I the penmanship. Most unfortunately, in a fire which elected a fellow of his college. From 1785, when he lived ; but the professor had mistaken the day, and burnt down Mr Perry's house at Merton, this copy took the degree of Master of Arts, may be dated the made his appearance in full costume the preceding was destroyed. The original might have met the same commencement of his career as a writer. The bent of one. We had already dined, and were at our cheese. fate, if Porson had not made it a point of conscience his mind was towards philology and criticism. He * Your blunder, my friend, will cost me a beef to carry it with him wherever he went, from consihad a singular dexterity in detecting in the Greek steak and a bottle of your favourite Trinity ale ; so deration of its value, and of its having been entrusted writers those incorrect readings which have arisen that you will be the gainer.' He sat on, as was his to him by his college ; and he then chanced to be principally from the mistakes of copyists. Amongst custom in the afternoon, till past midnight, emptying absent. Unruffled by the loss, the patient scholar sat the numerous manuscripts of ancient authors preserved every flask and decanter that came in his way. As I down and made a second copy as beautiful as the first. in the library of Trinity College, he had found ample knew there was no end to his bacchanalia when fairly He afterwards prepared this work for the press, but scope for the exercise of this talent, which might seated with plenty of drink and a listener, I retired did not live to publish it. It may here be remarked, henceforth be said to be that by which he was chiefly without ceremony, leaving him to finish the remains that Porson seemed to like the business of copying – distinguished. Some notes on an edition of the Ana- of some half dozen of bottles ; for the quality of the a most surprising taste, considering the liveliness of his basis of Xenophon, published by a bookseller at Cam- stuff was immaterial to the professor, provided he had faculties, but which was probably owing to his early bridge in 1786, are said to have been his first effort in quantity. On my descending the following morning training in caligraphy. It was regretted by many criticism which saw the light. He also contributed to breakfast, I was surprised to find my friend loung- that he spent so much time in that employment, to the periodical works, particularly the Monthly ing on a sofa, and perusing with great attention a which might have been better spent in the duties of Review and Gentleman's Magazine, many short papers curious volume of Italian tales, which I had picked up the critic and annotator. of verbal criticism on ancient authors. Amongst these in my travels. I learned that, having found the liquor From 1797, Porson was afflicted with a spasmodic were some comments on the contested text of lst so choice, and the Novelle Antiche so interesting, he had, asthma, by which his studies were rendered still more John, v. 7, respecting the three heavenly witnesses, in trimmed his lamp, and remained on the premises. desultory, than before. During the attacks of this answer to a work by Archdeacon Travis. Porson I think,' said he, that with the aid of a razor and a malady, he could not go to bed, and deemed it necesbrought to bear on this question an amount of erudi- light-coloured neckcloth and a brush, I shall be smart sary to deny himself all sustenance. It is probable tion and an acuteness of discrimination which excited enough for your fine party.'

that, with regularity of life, and a due submission to great attention, and are now generally allowed to have A pretty large company assembled in the evening, medical advice, he might have overcome the disease ; set at rest a point which had long been disputed amongst and Porson treated them with a translation (without but Porson could neither restrain himself from contheologiang. Amongst other compositions of this period book) of the curious tale which had excited his notice. vivial indulgences, nor admit that physic and physiwas a series of letters in the Gentleman's Magazine, on So extraordinary was his memory, that although cians had any power over human ailments. He conSir John Hawkins's Life of Pr Johnson : they are there were above förty names introduced into the story, tinued, nevertheless, to devote much of his time to signed “Sundry Whereof,” and are full of humour and he had only forgotten one. This annoyed him so study, and, besides publishing several of the plays of sarcasm. He speaks of a parcel of Eton boys, not much that he started from the table, and after pacing Euripides, with such learned notes as the world had having the fear of God before their eyes, instead of about the room for ten minutes, he stopped short, never seen equalled, he had lent considerable aid to an playing truant, robbing orchards, annoying poultry, exclaiming, 'Eureka!' [I have found it]. "The count's edition of Aschylus, which appeared in 1806. He or performing any other part of their school exercise, name is Don Francesco Averani !

also paid occasional visits to Trinity College, where he falling foul of the knight's book in their periodical The party sat till three o'clock in the morning, but was received as a kind of divinity, being the very work styled the Microcosm-to which, if we recollect Porson would not stir; and it was with no small diffi- prince of the little domain of talent which was most rightly, Mr Canning contributed. Garrick, he says, culty that my brother could prevail on him to take appreciated there. In 1807, by the interest of some described Shakspeare as when he sat down to write his departure at fire, having favoured me with his friends who were anxious to obtain for him a regular dipping the pen in his own heart ; so may it be said company exactly thirty-six hours ! During this sitting means of livelihood, he was appointed librarian of the of Sir John that “he is the clerk of biography, dipping I calculated that he finished a bottle of alcohol, two of London Institution, with a salary of L.200 a-year, his pen into the Statutes at Large." And much more Trinity ale, six of claret, besides the lighter sort of which was probably much beyond what he had any to the like purpose.

wines, of which I could take no account; he also inclination to spend. But he was not long to enjoy Before the period arrived when it was necessary for emptied a half-pound canister of snuff, and during the this congenial office. Porson either to enter into holy orders or to resign his first night smoked a bundle of cigars !"*

He had latterly been much weakened by the asthma, fellowship, he had determined on the latter course. Being on terms of intimacy with Mr Perry, and in the autumn of 1808, being attacked by interHe was unaffectedly pious, and bore all desirable re- the editor of the Morning Chronicle, Porson formed mittent fever, instead of having recourse to medical spect for the church, but his mind was not disposed an attachment to a sister of that gentleman, a Mrs advice, now imminently necessary, he only resorted to to submit to shackles of any kind. He made this Lunan, & widow. He was not supposed to be a his usual expedient of abstinence from food, by which choice with the full consciousness that he had no other person likely to contract marriage, more especially he reduced his stomach so much that it entirely lost its dependence for support than qualifications the profit a marriage of inclination; but in this notion his tone, One evening [Monday, 19th September), he which is perhaps the very smallest in proportion to friends were found at fault. According to the me- crawled forth to take a walk in the Strand, when he

se in the world. His conscientiousness was mvirist already quoted, “ One night, while he was was suddenly seized with a paroxysm of the nature their crew

measure by his being, in 1791, ap- smoking his pipe at the cider-cellar in Maiden Lane of epilepsy, to which he had been subject at an early rewarded in some su

in Trinity College. The (his favourite haunt) with my brother, he said, ad- period of his life. To quote an account given to the pointed professor of Green Salary of this

office was only forty pw!nds a-year ; but dressing his companion, · Friend George, do you not public at the time—" Not being known to the persons efficient, by delivering a course of lectures in the cold age, as times go? throwing out a huge volume of St Martin's workhouse, where he continued in a state lege. Being thwarted in this object, and not liking smoke. An affirmative nod, and a compliment to the of total insensibility until about six o'clock on the college life, he returned to London, and settled himself in an apartment of the Temple. Here he conti

* “Personal Memoirs, or Iteminiscences of Men and Manners.". * This seems to have been a jocular term for Mr Perry's con nued for some years, exercising his extraordinary By Pryse Lockhart Gordou, Esq. 2 von 1830.

tablishment which was in Lancaster Courto

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following morning ; but one of the attendants of the the challenges of the numerous sentries, repeated loudly lightened their gloomy dungeons, and rendered palatLondon Institution, seeing a paragraph in a paper every quarter of an hour, aided in banishing repose. able their coarse and filthy food, were taken away from stating that circumstance, and that the gentleman On the second or third day he was dressed in a coarse them through the instrumentality of Paolowitz, earried to the workhouse had a memorandum-book, particoloured uniform, and his limbs were permanently “ Ah, sir (said Andryane on the occasion to the with some Greek notes, in his pocket, supposing it cased in irons, heavy and long. Each prisoner was governor), this is a second sentence of death! My to be Mr Porson, repaired thither, and brought him allowed a separate daily walk of half an hour, on a own affliction,” he continues, " at this dreadful anto his house in the Old Jewry, where he arrived sort of terrace or platform, with one attendant guard. nouncement, was shared by every one in the prison. a little before ten on Tuesday morning.” For some Such were the circumstances in which Andryane One universal cry was uttered against the author of hours he sat and conversed in the library, but going found himself placed at the commencement of his this inhuman deprivation.” To add to their distress, out again at three o'clock, he was seized with the for- captivity. His companion, Colonel Abeing one they could not now procure paper for the maintenance mer symptoms, was again brought home, and after a who had shown symptoms of defection from the cause of their occasional correspondence. Their books had few days of torpor, breathed his last. The immediate of Italian emancipation, the young Frenchman sought furnished them with odd leaves and scraps, but now cause of his death was believed to be the abstinence amusement chiefly from books, which were at first they had nothing but brown paper; and until one of which he had so injudiciously practised. He was buried freely granted for the use of the prisoners. Incidents their number struck out one of those ideas that with great state a few days after in the chapel of soon occurred, however, to break up the wearisome necessity alone can give birth to, they were greatly at Trinity College, when Greek epitaphs were strewed monotony of the captive's life, and the first was the a loss. ** Vainly had we long attempted to make the in profusion on his coffin, and learned recluses were receipt of a letter, through the hands of a convict, one brown paper serviceable. It would not allow the pen seen to weep as his body was lowered into the tomb. of those who were confined for civil crimes in the for- to glide, and it imbibed the ink like a sponge. Every

This is no place for a laborious description of the tress. This man, who was very useful afterwards in thing that we wrote upon it immediately became an literary character of Porson, or of his works. It may carrying secret communications between the political illegible blot. Trial after trial had failed, and at last be remarked, however, that, as an union of great captives, had been appointed to attend to the needs of we abandoned the scheme as impracticable. Maronacuteness of intellect with vast memory, of the most their cells. One day, Andryane saw him make signs, celli, more persevering, at length succeeded. Nothing sedulous application to a dry study with uncommon as if he wished to say something not proper to be could equal the joy with which I received a letter wit and sprightliness, of the simplicity of the student known by the other attendants who were present. from him, written on this coarse paper. Behold, with habits of extreme conviviality, it is scarcely sur-“What could he want of me? I tried in vain to my friends," it said, 'the difficulty is overcome. The prising that he should have excited so much wonder divine. At last, one day, he drew from his pocket a pen runs freely; the ink does not spread. At first I amo ngst his contemporaries, and should still be looked little packet, very dirty and much worn. This he rubbed the paper again and again--rubbed it till my back to as a kind of prodigy. With regard to personal adroitly placed under our jug as he filled it, indicating arms ached-in the hope of rendering it more commatters, his head, we are told by Mr Gordon, “was by a side-glance of his eye, as he departed, the treasure pact and smooth by friction ; but despite all my pains, remarkably fine, an expansive forehead, over which which he had confided to my honour. The door it would not take the ink. The idea struck me at was smoothly combed (when in dress) his shining closed-I hurried to gain the packet : it contained a last that it was size that it wanted. Accordingly I brown hair. His nose was Roman, with a keen and phial of reddish liquid, the stump of a pen, and a letter dissolved some crumbs of bread in our jug of water, penetrating eye, shaded with long lashes. His mouth worded nearly as follows :- We are ignorant of your and steeped several slips of the paper in this infusion was full of expression, and altogether his countenance names; but your misfortunes and ours are the same, during the night. This morning I dried and then indicated deep thought. His stature was nearly six and on this ground we address you. Let us know who rubbed them perfectly smooth with the back of my feet. He was fond of reciting favourite passages from you are : tell us about Milan, about Italy, about every wooden spoon, after which I took my pen, and disShakspeare. The fine intonations of a melodious thing. During the two years that we have been here, tinetly traced on one of them these words : « Praised voice, and the varied expression of his features, on no news has reached us. Write without fear; we be the Lord our God, for that he is good, and hath these occasions, were admirable." The political pro- vouch for the messenger. Reply quickly, for we burn taken pity on us!" Succeeding attempts have been fessions of Porson were those of a Whig; but he paid to hear by what fatal destiny you, like us, have been even more satisfactory. Try it, my friends, by imlittle attention to subjects of that nature. buried in the tombs of Spielberg,

mediately writing one of your affectionate letters upon SILVIO PELLICO, the slips which I send you herewith?”

PIERO MARONCELLI. NARRATIVE OF A PRISONER OF STATE.*

Their ink, however, failed also ; their convict pur

This epistle was the forerunner of various others veyor could bring no more soot, and they used out all On referring to No. 351 of the Journal, the reader from the high-minded Pellico, and Andryane con- the bits of brick within their reach. This dilemma will find an outline of the first part of a narrative trived to answer him by means of the same conviet, gave occasion to one of the most striking and noble by Alexander Andryane, a young Frenchman, whose who was a dexterous and good-natured rogue. This instances of fraternal devotion which the history of enthusiastic sentiments on the subject of national interchange of sentiments was inexpressibly pleasing mankind can perhaps present. Andryane had begun liberty had led him to involve himself in the at- source of preasure dawned on Andryane. The com- for the want of ink. “ I announced (says he): by a tempts made about seventeen years ago to subvert the mandant of the fortress entered his cell one morning, few scarcely legible characters, my distress to Pellico Austrian power in Italy. Having been arrested and and desired him to rise and follow, as a new companion and Maroncelli, when sending them by the faithful thrown into prison in Milan, Andryane there under- had been allotted to him. In a few minutes he found Caliban the first part of my work. Great was my went a year's severe suffering, both bodily and mental

, man, a man of high honour, superior talents

, and many wards from my friends, a packet containing my manu; and finally was condemned to imprisonment for life in virtues, Andryane had become acquainted during their script, a quantity of blank slips, a little phial of red the too famous fortress of Spielberg, situated near former sufferings in Italy. The count was in miser- liquid, and the following note from Pellico :-* Your Brunn, in the Austrian province of Moravia. His able health, and great exertions had been made to interesting pages have made us shed tears : we thank first narrative, published in 1838, contained an account procure his liberation, but in vain. He and Andryane you for their perusal. How great is the goodness of of his adventures up to his entrance into that dungeon, circumstance of their having been the two victims at friendship! Yours is a work inspired by Providence, which took place in the beginning of the year 1824. first selected for the scaffold-a doom commuted to and you must finish it. So long as any blood remains in A second part, which has just issued from the press, imprisonment for life. The society of the count was my veins, I shall rejoice if you will employ it. I wish it now lies before us, and is devoted to the history of productive of the deepest pleasure to the young could as well burn in a lamp, and enable you to devote Andryana's captivity at Spielberg, where Silvio Pel- Frenchman. They continued to correspond with more time to a composition, of which the beginning lico, Confalonieri, and other Italians of distinction, him. "An ecclesiastic, named Paolowitz, arrived at In short, Silvio

Pellico enabled his friend and fellow were his fellow sufferers. Both narratives have been Spielberg, commissioned, as it afterwards proved, to sufferer to write, by yielding him the blood of his own ably translated from the original French by Fortunato keep up an espial on the prisoners. In the first in- veins for ink! Andryane tried to extract blood from Prandi, an Italian at present residing in England. stance, however, he did them a good turn by procur- his own arm for the purpose, but he admits that his

At his last parting with his sister, before being convey- ing them permission to attend the chapel on Sundays. "constancy or his cleverness failed him. Pellico ed from Milan to Spielberg, Andryane had exclaimed to thus described by Andryane :-“At a given signal, all protesting that it should be the last. Does the poor

The scene which took place on the first occasion is guessed this, and obliged me to receive another phial, her, “ I am buried at five-and-twenty, but my resigna- the state-prisoners came out into the corridor. This man, who shares all he possesses with one poorer than tion will not abandon me. Under all circumstances I unexpected meeting,

after so many months of separa- himself, do more in the eyes of God than my angelic hope I shall prove worthy of you.” On first beholding tion, was a moment of happiness. They embraced friend, suffering and weak as he was, did for me ?" Spielberg, however, the captive had some difficulty in and wept over each other : then all gathered round In justice to Andryane, it should be told that he maintaining his composure of mind. The fortress is Confalonieri, giving tokens of the truest affection and exclaimed against the repetition of this sacrifice. He described by him as "an oblong square, surrounded veneration. Thus surrounding him, we all advanced wrote to Pellico, saying, “The very idea that your on every side with buildings, whose narrow grated towards the chapel. . On crossing the platform, the health may suffer shocks my feelings. Do preserve in windows, and low iron-studded doors, would have strikingly

visible. Ah, there is poor Pellico !' ex- of your losing one drop more. As to that which you filled us with dismay had we been there merely as claimed "Borsieri, in a tone of fraternal fondness. have already sent, I will do every thing in my power visitors.” On entering the building, and being led to How altered he is l' and with his finger he pointed to employ it worthily: and if God in his goodness the cell destined for him, Andryane was still further out that Silvio, whom we all loved, and whose fea- permit that, in quitting Spielberg, I am able to save moved. “When I saw before me the dark den in tures I was so desirous of contemplating. Never the pages I now write, I shall show them to every one which they were about to entomb me, I could not did I gaze upon a countenance more sweet and yet as the most admirable proof of devotion and charity help exclaiming in agony, 'Merciful heaven! am I melancholy in its expression ; never did features more that one captive ever received from another." condemned to live in such a place as this ? A pallet accurately correspond with the picture of ingenuous- Months, years, ran past, and the captives became bed, a pitcher, and a tub, formed the whole of the fur- ness and angelic goodness I had preconceived in my the subject of still more severe treatment. The priest niture. Used as I was to the nakedness of prisons, mind of the author of those letters which revealed Paolowitz, because he could not extract confessions and the privation of every thing most essential to life, in every line so many adorable qualities. His pallid from single individuals that would hurt their friends, this utter destitation made my heart shrink.” The forehead, chiseled in the noblest proportions-his eyes, represented them all as obstinate criminals to the treatment to which the prisoners were subjected at so full of tenderness and inspiration-the smile upon Austrian emperor. They were subjected to such the very outset, accorded but too well with the cha- his lips, from which never proceeded aught but toler- examinations as the following. A police director racter of the scene. "Soup garnished with lumps of ance and love, produced an impression so touching in closely examined their cell, and then said, “Now, tallow,” and filthy black bean-bread, constituted the their resignation, that I was ready to cry out, “Silvio! undress yourself. Undress myself, sir !—but it is food placed before them. Such was the vile odour of do I behold thee at last? Silvio, I love thee, and very cold. The order is such, he replied, drily. 'I these articles, and the unclean condition of the iron would gladly give half the days of my life to clasp thee submit, sir,' and I took off my clothes : but that was porringers containing them, that Andryane and Colo- in my arms? Most deeply did the sight of this cele- not enough; he required me to pull off my shoes and nel A2 the companion with whom he was at first brated author of the Francesca da Rimini awaken my stockings, and even my shirt. I reddened, and feeling shut up, could not touch the meal, in spite of all their sympathy; and the thinness of his cheeks, the wan- my patience going, I asked the director whether he hunger. “The narrowness, also, of the cell (says ness of his complexion, augmented it. Too clearly did might not save me the mortification of remaining Andryane) precluded my walking; a dreadful torture, they indicate the effects which the rigours of long naked before the eyes of every one. It is the order? after the restraint I had endured on the journey." captivity had wrought upon a frame naturally deli-Since then,' said I, sorrowfully, the cup of bitterness When he lay down on his hard pallet, its scanty size cate."

must be drained to the very dregs, it shall be done. caused him to tumble off it every now and then, and These Sunday sights of one another, for they were But I must confess, sir, that after three years' im

but sights, gave much satisfaction to the poor cap- prisonment I was far from expecting such severity. * Memoirs of a Prisoner of State in the Fortress of Spielberg, tives; but they were doomed to fresh misfortunes. I then gave my last garment to the director's acolyte, by Alexander Andryane, &c. London, Saunders and Otley. 1840. The chief source of their consolation, the books which I and remained with my eyes bent on the ground, my

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BY THOMAS SMIBERT.

heart filled with indignation, while my whole person,

door of the wine-cellar !" "I mean to say," retorts the are never at a nonplus; bandboxes and parasols made and the coarse shirt that a beggar would not have lady, beating time with her hair brush on the palm of way for canisters and rocking-chairs; bird-eages were worn, were passed in review. 'Is it over, sir?' I asked her hand, " That in that house there are fourteen doors, dismissed for cradles; the washing-tub took precedence

and no more.” “Well, then,” cries the gentleman, rising of the guitar; and as for the feathered songsters, they of the director, seeing myself no longer under inspection ; and may I put on my clothes? Not yet-in in despair, and

pacing the

room with rapid strides, “ this were all consigued to other lodgings; their places in the a short time ; only take your

shirt. What ? am I is enough to destroy, a man's intellect, and drive him orchestra being occupied by a band' of innocent squalto remain longer in this state of nakedness! It is made by and by the gentleman comes

to a little, and linis. Barrack ladies are, for the most part, very clever

, the order ; I cannot help it.' And saying this, he himself in his former chair

. There is a long silence, and getting up a dish of mutton-chops. They, moreover, made a sign for the straw mattrass, counterpane, and this time the lady begins.“ I appealed to Mr Jenkins, cultivate the gossiping propensities, for which there clothes, to be carried out of the room, leaving me ex- who sat next to me on the sofa in the drawing-room dur- could not be a more eligible nursery. They are for ever posed to the damp and cold air of the dungeon, and to ing tea.” “ Morgan, you surely mean," interrupts the sifting and prying into one another's business ; and polithe gaze of all the bystanders. This noble exploit gentleman. “I do not mean any thing of the kind,” tics run so high at times that the interference of their ended, the director made me a slight bow, and turned answers the lady. “ Now, by all that is aggravating and lords and masters is resorted to in order to check the to Confalonieri, who was subjected to the same indig- impossible to bear,” cries the gentleman, clenching his progress of a civil war. Woe betide the unlucky, though nities as myself. He also, though suffering, was obliged hands and looking upwards in agony, she is going to quiet youth, who may chance to be within the range of to get up to yield his miserable couch, bis convict insist upon it that Morgan is Jenkins !” “ Do you take

one of our musical amateurs ; who produces a sensation clothing, and even his feeble body, to their examination. me for a perfect fool" exclaims the lady ; " do you as if she was hammering on his nerves, instead of on the It was an afflicting spectacle to sce the man I most suppose I don't know the one from the other? Do you keys of her piano: it is one tormenting strum, strum,

suppose I don't know that the man in the blue coat was strum, at the “ Downfall of Paris," and " Fly not yet," loved and revered in the world, treated by these

Mr Jenkins ?” “ Jenkins in a blue coat !" cries the gentle when you would fly with eagles' wings to the antipodes. ruffians of the police like the worst malefactor: to see him stand with naked feet, stripped of every particle would suffer death rather than wearany thing but brown!" trice, who harped alternately on “ Drink to me only with

man, with a groan; " Jenkins in a blue coat !-a man who I was at one time vis-à-vis to such another lovely cantaof dress, before these tools of arbitrary power, who - Do you dare to charge me with telling an untruth?” thine eyes,” and “ From night till morn I take my glass ;" neither respected his grey hair, blanched by sorrow demands the lady, bursting into tears. ** I charge you, her face, meanwhile, resembling the full moon in a gale, and suffering, nor the infirmities consequent on his ma'am," retorts the gentleman, starting up,“ with being and bearing the roseate hue of wine, was a faithful illusimprisonment, nor the noble dignity of his character. a monster, of contradiction, a monster of aggravation, tration of her song.-Major Patterson's Gamp and QuarYet this man, on whom they dared to lay their impure a-a-a–Jenkins in a blue coat !-what have I done that ters. hands, endured the unworthy treatment with the I should be doomed to hear such statements ?"-Sketches most admirable patience. Not one word of discontent of Young Couples escaped his lips, no sign of contempt or of anger was THE EDIBLE BIRDS' NESTS OF CHINA.

THE FIRST SWALLOW. depicted on his countenance." They were left in this state of nakedness till Confalonieri had almost culinary art, are the mosses employed as food; but one Not only in their ordinary form, or acted upon by the

White-throated herald of the coming May, perished. of the most admired luxuries of the table in China is the

It joys me much to see thee here again! For being kind to the prisoners, the head keeper of edible birds' nest formed from them. A small swallow,

Once more shalt thou, sweet bird, at dawn of day, the fortress, an old soldier named Schiller, was turned called, from his peculiar instinct in building this sort of

Chase my dull slumbers with thy cheerful strain ; out of his place. The disgrace broke the aged war- habitation, hirundo esculenta, makes his nest from several

Thy parent-labours, at my window-pane, rior's heart. Andryane seized an opportunity to ex

of these species, and amongst others, it is said, from the With placid morning thoughts my breast shall fill, press his gratitude to Schiller. “Thanks, thanks !" Ceylon moss, in the highest and most inaccessible rocks,

And I shall quit my bed, said the other ; “ere long I shall cease to want any accustomed from childhood to the dangers it offers, can in deep damp caves. Craufurd tells us that none but those

Full-fraught in heart and head thing in this world. I am hit here (striking his breast). pursue the occupation of collecting these nests; for they

With soothing trust in God, and unto all good-will, If our emperor knew that you are a hundred times worse off than the greatest malefactors we have here, hundred feet, Ly ladders of bamboo and ratan, over a sea are only approachable by a perpendicular descent of many

Who can behold the nicest art and care,

With which thou labourest thy little home, I am sure he would never permit that I should be rolling violently against the rocks. When the mouth of

Nor think of Him, whose hand is written therepunished for leaving you some pieces of bad paper and the cave is attained, the perilous task of taking the nests Ev'n on thy tiny edifice of loama few old quills. Yet God will not punish me for pity- must be performed by torchlight, by penetrating into

As visibly as on the vast air-dome! ing my poor prisoners.” Schiller seems to have done the recesses of the rock, where the slightest slip would

Or who can mark the fond firm ties that bind the Emperor of Austria too much justice here. Every instantly be fatal to the adventurers, who can see nothing

Thy chosen mate and thee, point in the prison regulations was arranged by the below them but the turbulent surf making its way into

In toils alike and glee, monarch himself, and in the third year of the capti- the chasms of the rocks. The high price given for these Nor yearn with deeper lovingness for all his kind ! vity of Andryane, the situation of things became much delicacies, is, however, a sufficient inducement for the

On thee, indeed, and all thy dark-winged race, worse for him and his companions, through particular gatherers to follow this dreadful trade.” The nests are

Who cleave the air or skim the glassy pool, orders from Vienna. The jailors became more stern concocted fibrous isinglass, and are described as of a

formed of a mucilaginous substance; they resemble ill- Conspicuous are the tokens of His grace, and vigilant, and daily inspections were made, of so

Who holds infinity beneath his rule: rigorous a nature, that the captives were deprived of than that of a silver spoon, and the weight from a quarter white colour, inclining to red; their thickness little more

When autumn winds our norland climate cool, almost all the petty sources of amusement which they to half an ounce. When dry, they are brittle and wrinkled,

Doth He not kindly lead you far away had at first possessed. For example, a small leather the size nearly that of a goose's egg. The qualities of

To some more sunny land,

Where skies are ever bland, pillow had been allowed to lie on the pallet of the sick the nest vary, according to the situation and extent of

And make your span of life one long bright summer's day! and suffering Confalonieri. It was peculiarly dear to the caves in which they are found, and the time at which him as the last and only souvenir which he possessed they are taken ; if procured before the eggs have been So do we oftest deem, at least, of thee, of his beloved wife, who, on her journey from Vienna laid, the nests are of the best kind ; if they contain eggs Sweet page, that holdest up the skirts of spring! to Milan, to see (as she believed) her husband's exe- only, they are still valuable; but if the young are in the Usher of flowers-foretype of songs to be, cution, had rested on that pillow her throbbing head, nest, or have just left it, they are nearly worthless, being Albeit less perfectly thyself may sing !

Yet doth a veil hang o'er thy passaging: and bedewed it with her tears. It was taken from dark-coloured, streaked with blood, and intermixed with

Haply thou hiest thee, as some do say, the count, his retention of it being an “ infraction of feathers and dirt. After they are procured, they are

To lonely pool or brook, the rules.” A young sparrow had been caught by separated from feathers and dirt, are carefully' dried and

Or dark secluded nook, one of the captives, and he had tamed it and taught packed, and are

then fit for market. The best sort are it to love him. It had become his chief consolation, bestowed to render them fit for table is enormous; every

for the use of the emperor. The labour And there, like bedded stone, dost sleep the cold away. but was taken away, as an “ infraction of the rules.”

Dark as the polar secrets of the north, feather, every stick, or impurity of any kind, is carefully Again, the captives, though chained, could mount to removed, and then, after undergoing many washings and

Have been thy ways, thou pilgrim of the sky,

Since, bringing light and life, Time first stood forth, their narrow loop-holes, and get partial glimpses of preparations, they are made into a soft delicious jelly ; the face of nature. Some of them passed whole days they are likewise served up in broths and soups; they

A finger-guide in bleak eternity: in this occupation. Alas! they were not permitted have the reputation of being nutritious, and gently stimu

Though questioned long by man's deep searching eye,

Thy course is full of doubt, when all is done, to taste the enjoyment long. " I perceived several lating. The extravagant prices given for these nests by

And still we can but guess, persons examining the bastion, and I shuddered at the the Chinese render them a most expensive article of diet.

That when the chill winds press, idea that we should probably be the victims of some The sale has become a monopoly of the government in

Thou seek'st a home in climes that front the prone-rayed sun. new persecution. Soon afterwards, the appearance of whose dominions they are found. Meyen, in his Voyage some masons, bringing bricks and scaffolding in great discovered that these costly birds' nests are nothing more

Round the World, states that the Japanese had long ago Welcome, thou gentle haunter of the eaves ! quantity, confirmed our apprehensions. The work than softened sea-weed, and that they now prepare the

Gladly I welcome thee, come whence thou may ;was immediately begun ; and during that day, and substance itself in an artist-like manner.-Dr Sigmond

Whether the spirit that evolves the leaves

Hath from the deep awakened thee to day, several others, we contemplated with increasing sadon the Ceylon Moss.

Or thou from far-off lands hast winged thy way. ness the men who raised the wall of the parapet, and

I love thee, and with joy will watch anew by degrees concealed the cheering landscape from our

LADIES IN BARRACKS.

The labours, to and fro, view. This barrier of stonework, which an evil genius The promising young lady, newfangled in her matri

Which thou must undergo, seemed to have placed between us and nature as a monial reign, and by the royal duties thereto appending Ere from their beauteous shells thy young step forth to view. warning that we were to renounce for ever the joys of (the moon being over), is delighted to get into military

Men wrong thee, my poor bird, when they compare this world, augmented our wretchedness fearfully, and quarters. I have seen one of these young things almost

A summer-fly of human kind to thee; the health of several of the prisoners sustained an irre- leaping

out of her skin with joy upon her first entrée.

Although thou comest when the skios are fair, parable shock. Confalonieri suffered more from it This agreeable state of matters was, however, of short duration ; she soon regretted her lately forsaken and

And at the winter's touch dost straightway Slee, than any other." peaceful haunts; when, instead of either leaping or danc

No faithlessness in thy career we see ; The subsequent details of this rigorous imprisoning for joy, she tamed down into a very languishing, slip

Thy comings and thy goings both are sure: ment are of remarkable interest, and serve to throw shod housewife. She was married to a jolly ensign, of

And could'st thou choose, my bird, an instructive light on the nature of the Austrian whom, poor fellow, it migkt literally have been said that

Thy flight should be deferred, government. These details will be presented in a he was - twice caught.” Light marching order was not And through the year thy stay, I know, should aye endure. condensed form in our next publication.

the order of his day; he travelled with a most respect- More justly wert thou likened to the young,
able train of baggage. A pianoforte was on the list; for Who immaturely quit us in their noon,

which his only room not being sufficiently capacious, the And most of all to those whose lips have sung
THE CONTRADICTORY COUPLE.

quartermaster's store received it, where the rats and mice The brief preludings of a pleasant tune, “ I do believe," he says, taking the spoon out of his played their duets and overtures upon it. Chests and But have grown dumb and bloomless all too soon! glass, and tossing it on the table, “ that of all the obsti- trunks abundantly came in, so that the poor disciple, and These are thy prototypes ;-but as we bond nate, positive, wrongheaded creatures that ever were the partner of his cares, were stowed away among the

With meekness to the blow, born, you are the most so, Charlotte.” “ Certainly, lumber, very much after the manner in which the steer

That lays such dear ones low, certainly, have it your own way, pray. You see how age passengers are ensconced on board a packet just Be we content with what we have of thoe, sweet friend ! much I contradict you,” rejoins the lady. “ Of course, ready to sail for Van Dieman's Land. They had some you didn't contradict 'me at dinner-time-oh no, not pretty little birds in brass wire cages, and a green parrot April 29, 1840. you !" says the gentleman. “Yes, I did," says the lady to keep them from being alone. By and bye, the scene « Oh, you did !" cries the gentleman; “ you admit that > If you call that contradiction, I do," the lady answers; was changed, and other little birds were heard to sing; LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by W.9.

Orr, Paternoster Row; and sold by all booksellers and newsthe piccaninnies began to show themselves, and were

men.-Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars. * and I say again, Edward, that when I know you are introduced into this sinful world much more rapidly wrong, I will contradict you. I am not your slave." than the finances of their parents justified;" the love publishers or their agents ; also, any odd numbers to complete

Complete sets of the Journal are always to be had from the ** Not my slave !" repeats the gentleman, bitterly; "and they were so rich in” would by no means “ make a fire in

sets. Persons requiring their volumes bound along with titleyon still mean to say that in the Blackbums' new house their kitchen ;" for kitchen they had not, nor would the pages and contents, have only to give them into the hands of any there are not more than fourteen doors, including the little god turn their spit. Fertile in expedients, the sex bo kseller, with orders to that effect.

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The human finns

EYE HINTS.

tude made him fussily eager to help the lady where tated es una It is remarkable how small a peculiarity in form, pos

she did not need help. By the time, however, that they massiewin.

we have him in the second print, he has been made he accepts the ture, or arrangement, suffices to give us a general idea of an entire object, and not only of that, but of many as happy as man can be. This mind has been brought been detoured in things and conditions relative to it. In a popular in toba state of delig betin boaten, men hele leans Pepermount which people were

completely has he been rapt by his the to tam w senting the lower part of a pair of limbs projected happy sensations away from all common thoughts, that them. through a window into the open air ; and from that he has forgot the very person who has been the occasion an idea of the attitude, bodily and mental, of the liberal sense, is just the highest compliment he could dering on some wells are

in paths of the of certain whole man. He is a jolly Carolinian, sitting on a

world, when a lady and gentleman are seen walking our only commanding the browser rocking-chair, smoking his pipe, and conscious of nodinner. We are often reminded of this whimsical solicitude about his companion ; if he inclines much

to know a very great deal of the Tom !! engraving, as we daily pass one of the club-houses. towards her, and seems over-polite ; and if she, on the

other hand

, looks a little flurried and frivolous, and character of those who might pa i pro There, within a window through which one can see from the street, is generally to be seen some snatch of i appears far more interested about the way her reticule would not be merely the old story of 7

these are unmarried parties. But if the gentleman dition of individuals might be prelicates fresa me the back part of a head, the owner of which has come

a pair of feet come up, ensconced within a 1.**Y a bald crown, below that some short grey hair, and quite upright, and just behaving as a lady and gentle

man in their sober senses ought to do, then believe made and nicely brushed pair of boots, with long below that again some very red layers of neck. No

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thing else is needed. Jeden forvente en la parte content that is no reason, the dangered for the file has ha hechos, pointed on and blaster half a century. Being now temporarily in town, he happiness aled alia com entender a cumpediebe style of the lange kractly to the bots

, you could entertain bo are in course one who has been feriline with and porn, fore ben sie den som hendes and gentlemanlike

style of beejdeea cely to and otrapped so as to arrin nised as characteristic of the place, and quite suitable pearances married, entering their dwelling, and share. Gatiga beforendon prendera Mera haunter of all pou to it. And though the whole man were standing bo- you wish to know whether they have any children bible balls, and, a plecided ka dy-killer

. Suppore you

that the owner of these said officer the dragoon regiment lying in the barracks, an inde.

nicle, as it may be. Such an object is at once recog- If you observe a pair, who are obviously from such ap

nen.

one

a windows; and if

next observed a pair, sunk in The least hint, indeed, suffices. Hence it is quite dog sitting wagging his tail at one, and a macaw

tied with thongs, and connected with a pair of thin possible, in casting one's eye along a crowded street, chattering on his beam at another, you will be safest legs, wearing black worsted stockings, and of which to point out all the proud people within a quarter to conclude in the negative. But should you perceive even the four inches exposed to view manifest an of a mile, at least all those who are walking away no such objects, not even a few flower-pots on the inclination forwards of at least ten degrees, you could from the position of the spectator. Mark where you balcony at the drawing-room windows, and, looking not doubt that you saw the basement of an old man .see much of the crown of a hat. Wherever that a little higher, see two windows with wooden bars who acts in some such capacity as that of verger

, is the case, and the individual is receding, you have a across them, you may be as sure there are children in or a winder-up of city clocks, or a recorder of mor proud man; for, in walking, such men throw back the the case, as if you saw the chubby rogues staring tality, and the rest of whose habiliments consist of head, and that enables any one behind to see a good through the panes, or heard their merry shout as a rusty black coat of antique wideness of sweep, a deal of the crown. On the other hand, when much papa and mamma enter.

deep vest, and a pair of equally black and rusty nonof the crown of an approaching hat is seen, the pro- The world is familiar with the story of the physician descripts, tied with black worsted tape at the knee. bability is, that the owner is a studious, or bashful who concluded that his patient had been eating oys- Suddenly come upon you a pair of something in white man, or one who feels that he has little reason to ters from seeing some shells of that species of the silk stockings and pale-coloured jane boots, with a expect much courteous regard from his fellow-men. testacea under the bed, and how finely this surmise very small vision of ankle above, and then the bottom One only source of fallacy besets our outlook for proud was commented on by his apprentice, who, going to of a silk pelisse : you know in a moment from the

There are a few old gentlemen, very generally another patient, and observing a saddle under the twitter of those pretty feet, their cut and dress, and belonging to one of the learned professions, who, in bed, came home and reported that the man must have the light yet firm hold which they take of the ground, conseqnence of sedentary life, and through other lately eaten a horse. In the case of the oysters, it that the owner is a decidedly smart young lady, whom causes, have become very corpulent in front ; by rea- must be owned that possibly the patient had not been the officer before mentioned surveyed very critically son of which peculiarity, they are obliged to keep eating any such thing; yet a strict regard to the a minute ago as he passed, and whom he intends to their heads pretty well back. It is just possible that principles of reasoning obliges us to believe that it have another peep of, by turning round at the end of a crown of a hat brought much into view behind, may was much more likely that oysters had been gobbled the street, and meeting her on his return. What belong to some such person. This

, however, is only in the one case, than that a courser had been bolted varieties of people there are in the world ! The next an exception from a rule which will generally be found in the other. To be very candid, there might be some pair of feet exhibit dimly blacked shoes, black spatto hold good.

rashness in the physician’s conclusion. The oysters terdashes, and the bottom of a pair of unstrapped When a lady and gentleman are seen walking to might have been eaten by some other member of the rusty black trousers : reader, do you require to be told gether, no person of average acuteness of intellect can family. Yet, after all, it was not unlikely that they that this is the modest-looking man who acts as a be at a loss to distinguish whether they are married had formed a regale to the patient himself. We know private tutor three doors off ? Next come a pair of persons or not. There is a well-known pair of prints, very well that from similar evidence conclusions are

stumping boots, very much splashed, evidently not common in wayside country houses, professing to re- come to every day in the world. Old Mr Towser, of made by Hoby, thick in sole and low in heel, having present Courtship and Matrimony. In “ Courtship,” a certain town in the west of England, had a large strapped spurs attached, and a considerable many a gentleman is seen displaying great attention to a dog remarkably like himself, and which was intimately folds about the ankles : your seeing the remaining lady, in helping her over a stile, which she seems at associated by every body with the idea of his own ten-elevenths of this man could not more effectually ro loss to mount unassisted. In “ Matrimony," the figure. Whenever this animal was seen at the door assure you of an honest farmer who lias just ridden in same lady is seen attempting with some difficulty to get of the Bridgewater, did any passer by ever presume from the country to attend market. The boots stop over the same stile, while the gentleman, already past, to doubt that Mr Towser was sitting in his ordinary and give a turn round : the man is looking for some is walking coolly and unheedingly on in front. The seat at the bar fireside, taking his glass of brandy and shop, where he was commissioned to buy something design of this print has always appeared to us a shame. water ? Convictions from such symptoms come upon by his wife or daughters. A pair of large lightful libel on matrimony. We truly believe the conduct one intuitively, and are irresistible. Supposing that coloured snow-boots, which next succeed (the seaof the gentleman to be capable of explanation. The Mr Towser had been accused of having committed a son not being winter), and which come heavily but thing is this. In the first print, he was full of solici- murder about the same hour when his dog was seen not slowly marching along, with a skirt of bomTude and anxiety, as all persons who have not the at the door of the Bridgewater, scarcely any one, out bazette or some such stuff sweeping round them, yood fortune to be married must be ; and this solici- 1 of all who had seen the animal there, could have hesi- 1 is detected in an instant as the fundation of a fat

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