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inviter at the door of the houses of those who are I had a heart so ardent! Neither for gold, nor for couple wended their way by the margin of a flowing invited.

silver, would I have given my poor heart! Adieu, and magnificent river, that, like a mirror, spread its When at length the day of the marriage has arrived, my companions, adieu for ever!

glossy surface to the sky, reflecting therein a thousand the strangest ceremony of all takes place. The tailor's Alas! I have given it for nothing! Alas ! I have variegated and sparkling hues. By the side of this services are now again put in requisition. Early in placed it where joys and pleasures are no more. Adieu, placid stream, silently moving, but, like a mighty the morning, the bridegroom, with his relations and my companions, adieu for ever!

avalanche, to its fall, gay gardens, redolent in beauty, his tailor, present themselves before the door of the Go, maidens ! run to fairs and to pardons ; but for and full of sweetest odours, formed the rich framebride's house, on the threshold of which, her friends me, I must do so no longer ! Adieu, my companions, work in which the picture was encased. Of the two and her tailor are assembled to receive them. Then adieu for ever!

persons thus met, the one was a youth, of a carriage ensues a long dialogue in verse between the two tailors. For me, see you not that I must remain here ! not positively noble, but yet dignified sufficiently to The gentleman's spokesman represents his party as Henceforward am but a servant, girls ; for I am indicate an education and bearing above the ordinary travellers who ask for hospitality. The poet retained married. Adieu, my companions, adieu for ever!"

walks of life of a moderate stature, and of a pleasing on the lady's side replies that the roads are full of Our readers need scarcely be told, we believe, after countenance. The other, a fair-haired girl of eighteen, Yagabonds, that he has nothing to say to them, and these citations, that there is much pleasing matter in an age universally admitted to be the most productive that they had better pursue their way. A good deal a “ Summer in Brittany."

of attractive qualifications, and not less so in the subof bantering then succeeds. At last the man's tailor

ject of whom we are at present speaking. declares the real object for which he has come, and

And so, Walter,' she said, you are determined to be sets forth the good qualities of his employer-how he

UNINVITED CONTRIBUTIONS.

married, are you? Well, if you will, you must can plough as much in a day as three hired labourers, In a late article entitled “Correspondents," we held

&c. how he can alone replace a cart which has been over- forth a promise that we would take an early opporturned. He recounts his triumphs at wrestling matches, tunity of presenting some specimens of the contribu

A sentimental tale, dated from London, is less duland adds, that in his hand the penbas' is more power- tions which have from time to time been submitted cet, but perhaps more amusing. It commences with ful than a sword in that of a soldier.

a fine Sterne-like abruptness :to us for insertion in the Journal. This promise we The other champion retorts by enumerating the are now about to redeem. One remark alone do we

When I first knew her, she was scarce perfections of the lady. She is light and supple as deem it necessary to make by way of preface, namely, fifteen. You sometimes meet with female beauty the blossom-covered branches of the broom, and when that the importance of great failings in literature, as that charms and captivates the eye, but how rare to the dance begins, she, timid virgin as she is, holds in illustrations of the workings of the human mind, is find the mortal creature that does not know if nature one hand the hand of her mother, and in the other perhaps greater than might be at first supposed. The has graced her above her fellows. But such was not cludes, is not here ; she has long since left her father's time well-disciplined intellect, have their well recog: have their models of female excellence

to possess ; she effusions of a powerful or a brilliant, and at the same

our heroine (though heroine she was not); there was

none of that masculine firmness which some would house.

nised value, for they go directly to the effect of either * You deceive me,' replies the other. The yew pleasing or improving. We are less apt to see that the

was a child of natura-one that knew not the arts of tree is made for the churchyard, the rose for the effusions of the weak and undisciplined mind have also some, or, I should say, most of our women. She said garden, and young girls to grace the home of a hus- their value, as showing how such a mind works when what she meant, and did what she said (what a rare band. Do not throw us into despair ! Lead hither it tries that for which neither natural nor acquired quality among mankind !) Concerning her personal by the hand her whom we desire, and we will place gifts have prepared it. With regard to the mere appearance, suffice it to say, it was all that God could her at the

wedding-feast near her bridegroom, under comic effect of these effusions, we say not a word, that give, or man desire; when she was of the age at the eyes of her friends.'

being a point which we believe may be safely taken for which my story begins, she was watched over by one . It seems we must yield to you, friend, you are so granted.

bound to her by the dearest natural tie the pressing,' says the lady's poet. He then goes into the house, and, returning with an old woman, says, ' 18 men of the class essay. It is entitled, " A short Essay her

little tales of pleasure or of care. How different

We begin with prose--and, first, let us give a speci- earth affords- a mother it was to whom she told all this, then, the rose you are seeking ?

on Good Temper;" and certainly if it has any merit with most of her age! Indeed, few friends she had • From the venerable appearance of this woman, whatever, it is that of brevity

save one who knew that replies the other, 'I judge that she has well fulfilled

There is many a gem of purest ray serene, her task in this world, and that she has conferred faithful index to a generous heart; it hushes in its That

A good temper is a delightful thing, and is a The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bare, happiness on him who has loved her. But she has bosom every unkind prejudice, every malicious intent, ended that which the other must now begin. She is and bears no rancour or feelings of animosity. To the

Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, not the woman I seek.'

And waste its sweetness on desert air.
The other returns again to the house, and leads forth the wretched, and the demolition of persecuted inno their cottage, where I was sure to find tro at least to

weak failings of human nature, the misfortunes of Often have I taken a stroll involuntarily towards a young married woman, saying, “Here is a young cence, it turns a pitying eye. The stormy and tur; welcome me, and sometimes four, if the cat and dog were girl, beautiful as the morning star. Her cheeks are bulent passions of the soul are subdued by a placid in the way; but those happy hours will never

come like roses; and her eyes are of crystal. One glance from them can render a heart sick for ever! This and serene temper; and it has such advantages of cool again, and it is no use lamenting what we cannot

reflection and self-determination, that it overcomes must be the fair one you want.' Certainly this soft cheek, and youthful freshness, things seemingly unconquerable to the hasty and remedy-the mother of this cherished

fair one did the marks of rubbing—has it not often been rubbed it will soften the sterile heart to pity, and at other the oak, and droops as soon as its only support is look like those of a maiden. But this finger, bearing petulant. This happy unanimity of temper and feeling not live long after I knew

them, and she that had can work miracles on the human frame ; sometimes been used to be fondled and caressed by the one to

whom she clung, was left like the ivy that clings to with pap for an infant to suck ?'

times it awakens the callous soul to a sense of its own * Nothing escapes your notice! Tell me, then, at corruption,

and imbibes in the unfeeling and

stoical &

removed." once, is this she whom you want ??-bringing out a little girl of ten years old.

more just sense of unanimity and true friendship.” We receive great numbers of contributions in the • That is exactly what she whom I seek was eight The following second specimen might be supposed ments on subjects which have been discussed in the

epistolary form, generally presenting additional comyears ago. Some day this pretty child

will make the to proceed from the same writer ; but it does not, Journal. Some of these are in a style of earnestness happiness of a husband. But she must remain yet a being in a different hand, and addressed from a diffelong while on the espalier. The one I want waits but rent part of the kingdom. The subject is “ Self-con- quite

edifying. One gentleman writos in such a strain the gardener's basket to carry her to the table of the fidence.” We look upon both papers as curiosities, to be quite consistent, he must put his body into a

of indignation respecting the expense of funerals, that, nuptial feast. The bride's spokesman then yields. He leads her that instance an equal triteness, but the ideas are in codicil to his will

, bequeathing it to the doctors. from the house, saying, “It is enough. You deserve a state of imperfection which 'no able mind could Another is not less emphatic on the subject of tight her whom you ask for.' sinulate :

lacing. The latter gentleman, moreover, adds to the

effect of his invectives by a mode of spelling appaThe two families then enter the house together, and

“ There are two things, of which one or the other is rently peculiar to himself, as a speaker sometimes the tailor says, “Behold the girl you have chosen! generally more prominent in a young beginner. The gives character and force to his orations by a peculiar Your hands, children! Man? you have now a wife first, a deficiency of conceit, or an indifference con- stutter or burr in his speech. We shall select one or to defend and to make happy. Let us not ever see cerning confidence in one's self; the second, and much two passages, preserving the original spelling, but her weeping at the door of thy house, like a stranger; the worst of the two, an overwhelming conceit, or a adding points, and giving capital letters to the first for God avenges the weak who weep.

degrading pride, which tends to unfit a person for any words of sentences : Then a prayer is said. All present are invited to capacity where any resemblance of learning or meekthe wedding; and the man's poet says, 'Come, maiden ! ness may be the object. The former may be defined

-The writer is avowedly aganst Tight lacing, bend your knees, and bow your head beneath the hands in the following manner :-A young beginner may be and has his owen Reasons

for being so disposed ; first, of your father, which bless you. You are weeping ! naturally subject to this peculiar turn, which too fre- that there is an absulate

want of Self preservation in it, Look at your father and your poor mother! They are quently exposes him to ridicule, from an inward which in all ages has Constuted the first law of nature. weeping too; but how much more bitter are their knowledge or sense of his comparative minuteness,

Secondly, that they are not in any way hesitating tears than yours. They are about to be separated carried to the effect of rendering him timid in his to alter or to amend the workmanship of Gods owen from a daughter whom they have cradlod, and danced behaviour and expression, which may be worthy of hands. It would not only be unfair of the writter to in their arms! Whose heart would not melt at the the highest merit. The latter, more difficult to eluci- settil such a falt upon the femel Seck in general, but sight of such grief! Yet these tears must cease ! date, on account of the many improprieties which Truley

Preacherous on the Male part, they are worthy Tender father, see there your child. Look upon her. attend it, hardly admits of being explained definitely; of Bearing the wone half of the

Blame. "It has been Her arms are stretched out towards you ! mother, put your hands upon her! A prayer and variably accompany it :-ambitious of empty eulo- and hiley to appriciate the neatness and smallness of a blessing for the child who is about to leave you ! giums, without the energetic powers necessary to gain there Lovers, even in their owen ears, Converting there Enough, now! You have obeyed the commandments them real; a sham show of knowledge, easily detected minds into Pride, rendering themselves more objects of God. Rise, maiden! embrace your parents, and arise by conversation ; dress and

gaudiness appear to be of petty than of real usefulness in any

society of life, in strength, for henceforward you belong to a man.'

more attended to than that which tends to improve ether as Servents or as Mothers. If men in General After the service of the church, to which they then the mind ; the person, by such ignorance, being totally would be so kind to themselves and others, as to alter repair, they return immediately to the feast. This is blind to his mistakes, naturally shuns conversation"; there Tone of Flatterry to the Revers, it would have in some cases provided at the house of the bridegroom, the last stage is then had resort to-he is solitary, and

as powerfull an effect to bring the lacing Reform to but more ordinarily at some 'auberge’ in the neigh- keeps

perfect silence, forgetting the words of a valu- the desired point, as any wone thing that I am to bourhood. If the former is the case, every guest able writer, • Though silence is sometimes

the mien of think off. brings some present to the new-married couple. If wisdom, it is yet too often the mask of ignorance.'

If the writter was as able, as what I am willing, to the latter, every one pays his own share of the feast.”

Publish a Lacing Reform, there is only wone point Being thenceforth banished from all festivals and

In the department of fiction it is not so easy to that I would Treat upon. I would Intreat Gentlepardons (something like the Irish patrons), the Bre- present suitable specimens, for the articles of that

men of every description, and of every calling of life, ton bride considers her change of life as a matter nature are of such length that one or two would fill

to listen to the well Garrentend Statements frequentley for sorrow, not for joy, and so it assuredly is in many all the space we have to spare. A“ beginning" or two

given by Emenent Fesisions, Frequently given Regardrespects. She accordingly sings on the occasion à must serve. And, first, let us submit the opening of a

ing Tight lacing. Men and brethren, and fellow-Sitisong of lamentation, and the following is the customary moral tale from Yorkshire :

sens, the evil refered to has now gone its linth. What “ It was on a beautiful evening in the summer of shall we do in order to prevent it? every Man amongst “ In other days—in the days of my youth-how 1779, when, calmly and softly, nature was sinking to us, lett us teach Wone and all of us, that if we ar warm a heart I had! Adicu, my companions, adieu repose, and hallowing with her mellow light the rich so blindfolded as to enter into any Contract of Mattefor ever!

harmony of the scene around them, that a young romony, that we ought to be sure and take a house

form:

[graphic]

near to a Seck nurss or Fesecion. Eyery attempt Broach was compleeted, whech was answered in the below the apex of the eastern hill, a line appears, that man can make will be useless and

vain to radicate Negitive. The person then left, promising to call an- which, when examined close at hand, proves to be a the Prevaling evel, untill wonce the Femeals begin to other day. The Jewler came to aprise me of his visit, fine grassy shelf or plain, surrounding nearly the Hlearn that men of sence and humanity disaprove of when I informed him of my success in procureing the entire eminence; and on the middle hill, at the same

the System of lacing to that extent. That they will hair, which gave great Satisfaction to the Customer, level, we find a similar plain, stretching at some points not Involve themselves into a Fameley of Sekness and but more so to the Jewler, which will be afterwards to a breadth of 160 feet. Being thirty feet below the unfirmity, where a complaint is sett before the Indus- proved. Not a month after, he received from two summit of the middle or highest hill, this terrace, terous Husband almost every morning of a Shortness more Individules an order of the same kind as the which is No. 1 of Mr Kemp's series, stands at a height of Brath, a Pane of the side, a headack, or some other above, and recomanded by his first employer; all which of 1300 feet above the

sea. Meigle Hill, to the southmallady Which she, the Spouse, have procured to he undertook to perform, also provoiding the hair for west of Galashiels, nearly equals the Éildons in altihirself with her owen hands, throw the Meadiem of them, knowing by this time whare it was to be found tude, and

on it, around a central

rocky crown, we find Tight Lacing during the former days of hir Courtship, growing. The outrageious attacts of the Jewler Upon a shelf distinctly marked, and corresponding perwhich she is obliged to retain throw life as a Famely the old dog were soon noticed by the boys of the fectly, when the level is taken by instruments, with Peace, untill she is obliged to say that she is become Nabourhood, by the grotasque and Naked appearance those on the two Eildons. It is remarkable, that on sister to the Earth and to the Worm. Suffer me to given him by his shorn tail

, which afforded them the eastern side of this shelf on the Meigle hill, there exort you never grow weary in well dowing. If you ample Sport for many a day; but his haggerd appear- is a large boulder of greywacke, well rounded, and with Persevear, you will obtain. Never lett won

man ance at last excited the simphies of the more humane, a number of cup-like cavities in it, giving it the apDispare. While there is life, there is hope. Thow being Imployed in watching a Shop. He was removed pearance, altogether, of having been long exposed to you did fale in the attempt, you could loss nothing, by his master to a quiter retreet, there to spend the the action of water. It is called, by the people of the but show to an inlightened woreld your love and affec- remainder of his days, in that ease and quiet comfort district, Wallace's Putting-stone. tion for mankind in General.

his Long and Valuable Services mirited, and is always Terrace No 2 of Mr Kemp's series is equally well Sir, pirmit me to make a singel remark or Two upon the reward a faithfull Servent is entittled to receive, seen on the Eildons from a little distance. It lies Tight lacing. It is unbecoming in the church, as it Sir Walter Scott (for that was the dog's name), paid fifty feet lower than No. 1, and is particularly marked has a tendency of keping up a Contenual Bussel of the debt of nature about two years ago ; the Jewler on the west front of the eastern hill. On the western attendence with dor-kepers, lousing lacces, some ser-has also gone to his fathers."

and northern sides of Meigle hill, it is also visible, the vices of drinkes of watter, to the disscomotion of the

northern shoulder presenting a plane 300 feet in whole house, or rather Church. It is now come to NATURAL TERRACES ON THE EILDON diameter at some points. No 2 is also visible near the such a hight, that a fall is quite Expedent. Now active

HILLS.

summit of Williamlaw, a very remarkable hill on the ie* can be deceived in it, where ever it is, as it has a A LATE paper, entitled “ Changes of Level in the within its scope. Terrace No. 3 stands fifty-eight feet

course of the Gala, and which is high enough to fall that there is some that is disscomoding either there Earth’s Surface," gave a brief view of certain natural lower than the preceding one, and is beautifully marked persons or mindes.

If learning and language would permitt me to make South America and in Glenroy in Inverness-shire, eastern one. It likewise appears in the shape of a a Comparison regarding Tight lacing, I would then which are now esteemed by geologists as the remains plain of greater or less breadth on two sides of Meigle, say that it is a pestelance wethin and wethout, which of ancient sea-beaches, which had been formed when and on the south and north of Williamlaw. No. 4 do Require much assistance to wash and Sweep, till the land was on a lower level than at present, and lower by fifty-two feet, is but slightly apparent on the every resemblence of it quite dissapear. It is now subsequently were raised into their present elevation Eildon hills, but perfectly distinet, at an accordant Drawing on to a peread of Three years Since the by upheavals of the crust of the earth, such as have level, on Meigle and on Williamlaw. No. 6, again, writter first began to agetate the quastin amongst my taken place on various occasions within the memory lies sixty-four feet below its predecessor.« At this owen Cless of Society, and still wethout proper effect; of man in Chili.

level (says Mr Kemp, in the notes which he has been I do Rejoice that much abler is begun to Sprade it to Darwin (published in the Philosophical Transactions), the hill, upon the south side of the eastern Eildon, has

A recent paper on the Glenroy terraces, by Mr good enough to communicate,) a very great mass of Sity, town, vilige, and hamelet in the kingdom of has had the effect, within the last twelve months, of been swept down and planed, forming a beautiful shelf Great Britan. I think I hear the whole Inlightened calling the attention of a private individual, resident of about three and a half acres, with the rock rising Seck of femeals saying, we would be Glad to see a in the town of Galashiels in Selkirkshire, to certain bare and precipitous above ; and upon the northern Reform of this kind, as we are growing weary of the appearances of the same kind on the hills around that sides both of the same hill and the middle one, the old Punishing System of Tight Lacing, which we have town; and the result has been a series of observations same shelf is distinctly defined, and about 160 feet Incured upon ourselves to Supporte Pride and to and measurements, making it quite clear, as we appre in breadth. It is also very well marked upon Meigle Procure Ruen to ourselves and our Succeding Gene- hend, that here also we have a most interesting me, and

Williamlaw.” Between this terrace and No. 6, rations ; but we have never yet been able to procure a for becoming a habitable land. The observer in this Though barely visible on the Eildons, No 6 is well seen on the Streats and at Balls like others, and at the case is Mr William Kemp, manager of the gas-works on Méigle and Williamlaw. The terraces now begin Theater Royel, or other wies we would become quite in Galashiels, a person, we believe, of limited educa- to be marked on other and lower hills of the district, saulution, and say we will now make up our minds, leader of a local geological society. The writer of the the corroborative evidence derived from these, and and resolve to Invent Some sort of a Dress in order present paper has, in company with Mr Kemp, gone confine our present

account of the series chiefly to the to give Some Satisfactian to our associates, least we

over the whole ground, and satisfied himself that the hills already named. No. 7, fifty-five feet lower, is get out of there estimation altogether, and than we appearances really are, as far as he can judge, of the pretty well traced on the Bildons, and extends to a will have a worse Risk to runn. You know to a

same character with those of Glenroy, though in ge- breadth of 120 feet on some portions of Meigle. On Sertenty, the Cace is quite deferent that what it was

neral less conspicuously marked. onley a few years ago, when the Tighter that we

the southern exposure of Williamlaw, it commences a

The town of Galashiels stands on the bank of the range of magnificent terraces, forming a shelf 120 feet wer Bound in our fetters of Steal, Bone, and cotton Gala, at a point where the vale is broad and open, and broad in some parts. No. 8, fifty feet beneath the prelace, that we wer the more admired,” &c.

within a mile of its junction with the vale of the ceding, is discernible with ease upon portions of the

Tweed. The site of the town resembles an irregular Eildons, Meigle, and Williamlaw. Mr Kemp found We have only room on the present occasion for one amphitheatre enclosed by hills, the continuity of which considerable difficulty in making out No. 9 (fifty feet further specimen; but it is one well fitted for a con- is broken in upon at two main points, where the Gala lower), but tracked it ultimately to his satisfaction on clusion, the narrative being, as the newspapers say, enters above from the north-west, and where the Meigle, Buckholm hill, and Williamlaw. "curious, if true :"Tweed flows in below from the south or south-west.

Terrace No. 10, which stands fifty-five feet beneath « Having lately read in the 368 number of your jour- | About two miles below the junction of the Gala and No. 9, is every way a remarkable one. " It was that nal

, an artical entitle absurdities, one of the maney enu- the Tweed, the treble-peaked Gildon seems to close up (says Mr Kemp) which first attracted my attention. before you know whether it did not belong to another shiels vale on the northerly or right bank of the Gala, diately above this shelf, which is about 300 feet broad I have frequent oppertunity of observing the reality southern or left side, Galashiels Hill and Meigle Hill. slopes gently downwards. It is the highest of a series About two years ago, a respectable Jewler in this city, with streamlets flowing at the bottom. On the north summit of that eminence a fine level plain 110 feet to contain a peace of hair, which at the same time was Gala and the Eildons, there are also several bordering has the appearance of a perfectly horizontal road for produced, with instructions to plait them neetly up, hills. On the south are the Abbotsford Hills, with a long way round the height. On the west side of the stateing that they ware cut out of the head of Sir W. I the Cauldshiels Loch behind them; and on the north same hill, on Williamlaw, and on others, it appears respectable person Intimately aquented, and Both visible from each other, and lying within a space of up to 300 feet. I have traced this terrace where no known to Sir Walter when in life; therefor they five or six miles in diameter.

other was to be seen, and nowhere was it absent

On the encircling sides of these hills (as well as on where the level admitted of its presence, and where hair, the only Memorial of the Great Unknown She others to be pointed out), there are traceable distinct others were to be found." Along the sides and indenhad'in his posession. The Jewler in the mean time terraces or beach-marks, to the number of fifteen, rising tures of the hills, on the Tweed, Gala, Ettrick, and opened up the parsol to exeman the hair, when, to one above another like the steps of a stair. On no the Cador (both of which latter streams join the his astonishment, he beheld three soletarey hairs, one eighth of an Inch Long, perfectly uselese for the pur- in succession at any given point, but on various parts Mr Kemp observed this terrace, and he continues to pose for which they ware intended. He thought he many of them are clearly discernible, existing in a remark that the sea seems to have swept so long round culour with a peace Long enough to plaite. I had fectly horizontal

line, are parallel to one another, and sides to a great extent, carrying away the traces of the a very scarce Culour, and rarely long enough to plait. series on the adjoining bills. The Bildons, as the most and rational, he accounts for the scanty traces existI told him it would be some time before I could pre prominent eminences of the district, merit our first ing of terrace No. 9. No. 10 stands at a height of cure it for him. He waited with painfull anciety for consideration in descending to particulars. The middle 821 feet above the sea. 6 or 8 days, calling 2 or three times every day During been found to stand at the height of 1330 feet above of which lies 285 feet below No. 10, and 536 above the

Terraces No. 11, 12, 13, 14, and 15, the lowermost newfoundland dog, came to be dressed every day at the level of the sea, and the peak to the east or north- level of the sea, are found on the cultivated parts of with a Large Bushey tail, the white hair of which i much lower, and retired from the view. Looking at broad arable hill-slopes of the district. Culture with thought would match that of Sir Walter Scott. i the two first mentioned heights from a little distance, the plough, and wooding, certainly interfere with the mentioned the circumstance to the gentleman, at the lines or tracks are seen on each, agreeing perfectly in distinctness of their appearance in some respeets, but same time requesting permission to cut a Loke of hair level, and so well marked, that, when the attention is Mr Kemp holds these inferior shelves, and even a still from off his dog, which was imediatly granted : the once called to them, one cannot but wonder that they lower one, to be well made out, and equally unamcissers in a moment severed the fur from his tail, close should never before have arrested notice. Fifteen feet biguous in their character with the upper ones. to the Skine, and Level with his rump. In the meen

Thus the observations of Mr Kemp give us (at * time the person had calld at the Jewler to see if the of the preceding ones, and almost equally well defined. The car least) fifteen well-marked lines of terraces in this dis

culations in the paper, however, were completed before this could trict, the highest 1300 feet above level of the sea, * apparently, no active eye

and the lowest 536, which gives an average interspace,

be added.

out success.

in the case of each pair, of fifty-four and a half feet.* |rent degrees of attrition. Thirdly, an archipelago bushes, near the shore ; and on reaching the top, we came At so many different and successive land-levels must of islands, such as Scotland must have been

during in sight of the carcass of another of the elephants, and the sea have stood for long periods during the ages of the formation of these terraces, would be liable to the young one standing by it. At a few paces' distance, the past, if these conclusions be correct; and it is to be strong and numerous currents, calculated greatly to

we saw a large elephant browsing among the low bushes. observed that Mr Kemp, with indefatigable patience affect the deposition of beaches. The same agents

He smelt us as soon as we appeared on the top of the and industry, has accumulated a body of evidence on would also cause the frequent obliteration of beaches hill; and throwing up his trunk, and spreading out his the subject, which almost clears it from all doubt. previously formed, by the undermining influence of ejaculated Jan Wildeman, “ that's the rascal that gave Besides his observations in the immediate vale of the waters when in active motion. Rains and storms,

me so much trouble yesterday ; he's as cunning as the Galashiels, he has examined the vales of the Tweed, also, must have had their effect in producing similar devil." the Ettrick, the Gala, the Cadon, and other lesser results. In short, if we consider the subject well, we The dogs instantly assailed the animal, and after several streams which permeate the hills of the district, to shall find little difficulty in accounting for the irre- ineffectual attempts to seize them with his trunk, he distances of five, six, seven, and eight miles, and in all gular extent and appearance of these beaches of the made off. The dogs now attacked the young elephant, he has found these terraces present in greater or lesser ancient seas, as well as for their entire absence in and chased him up the steep sandy hill where we were numbers, according to the character and altitude of many cases. Where they occur in a peculiarly regular standing. My visiters, who were unaccustomed to large the hills examined, and always at parallel and corre- series, as on Williamlaw Hill, they are nearly of a game, were exceedingly agitated. They had brought a sponding levels. It is equally creditable to his powers uniform breadth and extent. The hill there is regular gun with them for form's sake, but had neglected to load of observation, and corroborative of his argument, in structure, and one beach has not been enlarged at

it. One of them, who was a Scotsman, seized me by the that he has, as he says, found“ no errors to correct” the expense of another. On those hills and portions coat, and cried out in great agony, “Eh! man, whaur'll during his whole course of inquiry. He has used an of hills, however, where some members of the series

we rin ?-whaur'll we rin ?" It was no use telling him

that there was not any danger, for he still kept fast hold accurate instrument in taking his levels, and has car- are wanting, or nearly so, we usually find those pre

of me, saying, “ What, nae danger, man, and the beest ried his examinations from hill to hill, across valleys, sent to have the form of broad and ample shelves, two comin' right up amang us! I say, man, what'll we do? and in all possible directions. In whole, he has exa- or more having been run into one by the action of whaur'll we'rin ?” The women instinctively ran and mined a circuit of country fully ten miles in diameter. the waves ; as, for example, in the case of No. 4 and squatted themselves down behind the bushes.

Anxious to have a satisfactory view of these won- No. 5 on the Eildons, and also No. 9 and No. 10 every As soon as I could break loose from the grasp of my derful natural phenomena, and at the same time to where. The average distance between each pair being countryman, I ran to endeavour to seize the young elesubject them to the test of impartial observation, the only fifty-four and a half feet, it is perfectly reasonable phant by the trunk, and Speulman took his stand on the writer of the present paper, as previously mentioned, to suppose that the undermining of one beach by opposite side for the same purpose. I was astonished at travelled over a considerable portion of the Galashiels another, and the consequent union of the two, must

the nimbleness with which the animal ascended the steep district in company with Mr Kemp. The hill first have been of frequent occurrence. Some terraces have hill. As he approached the spot where we stood, we visited was Williamlaw. The southern front of this been mentioned, that extend to a breadth of several

found he was much older than we expected, being nearly height, which is the side most exposed, presents some hundred feet. After this explanation, their

irregula- tempt to get hold of his trunk, we were obliged to give

as large as an ox; and, after making an ineffeotual atappearances, which seemed at first completely contra- rity, and amplitude will excite less wonder than it him a free passage between us. I now picked up my dictory of the theory of the horizontal marine beaches. might otherwise have done, in the minds of those gun, and gave chase to him ; but he ran so fast that I A regular and nearly parallel series of broad and who remember the comparatively limited and regular could not overtake him. strongly marked ridges are there seen, but these are breadth of the Highland terraces.

I was well pleased we had not succeeded in seizing not horizontal. They are clearly and undeniably It was remarked that the discovery of these sea- him, as, in all probability, he would have done us some inclined, and at a considerable angle, occupying and beaches in a district never suspected to contain them, serious injury with his tusks, which were just appearing crossing the whole front of the hill from summit to involved a new step in geology. It has long been at the root of the trunk. When they are only a few days base. * Viewed at a distance (says Mr Kemp), the suspected, and particularly since Mr Lyell made public old, there is no difficulty in catching them, and they sloping aspect of these terraces appeared inexplicable ; his extraordinary labours both in the path of original become docile almost immediately. Several attempts but on a closer inspection, the mystery vanished.” research and of generalisation, that our present lands have been made to rear them with cows' milk, but withThe hill is composed, in that region, of successive beds had been elevated from the waters of the ocean ; but,

It is remarkable that the young of the elephant, when of hard blue grey wacke, alternated with layers of soft if phenomena analogous to those of the Galashiels blue slate. l'he strike of the stratifications corre- district prove to be discernible in other parts of but their bodies are rounder and more bulky. It is also a

a few days old, are not much higher than a young calf; sponds with the slope of the superficial ridges, and Britain, we shall have gained a novel insight into the curious circumstance, that the carcasses of elephants these ridges, as a close inspection shows, must have manner in which the process of elevation has been which have died a natural death, are never found by the been produced by the action of the sea at its successive accomplished. We shall possess what may be called natives in the woods where they are most abundant. levels, the softer intervening materials being washed absolute proofs, that the land has been raised by out, and the hard stratifications left comparatively bold successive stages, and with intervening periods of rest, and prominent. This is made perfectly apparent when from the bosom of the deep, presenting ultimately to

A CANADIAN EMIGRANT'S LETTER. the hill is examined in profile. Then do we find dis- man the firm platform necessary for him to move [The following plain matter-of-fact letter of a Canadian emi. tinct protuberances, running horizontally across the upon, and whereon to work out the great problem of grant, from the parish of Beith in Ayrshire, appeared lately in sloping ridges at nine different elevations, which cor his existence.

a respectable provincial newspaper, the Ayr Advertiser.) respond in their respective levels with the terraces on

We had an excellent, I may say pleasant, passage of the neighbouring bills, from No. 7 to No. 16. That

ELEPHANT-HUNTING AT THE CAPE.

thirty-three days to New York, whence we sailed up these are the traces of sea-beaches is beautifully proved

the ludson to Albany. About thirty miles farther, I on rounding the hill, where, in the absence of the LIEUTENANT MOODIE, in his amusing “ Ten Years in left my family at the house of Mr James Holms from same superficial strata, the waters have produced their South Africa,” gives the following account of his ele- Beith, and set out on a tour to the west, resolving to usual effects, in forming horizontal beaches at the same phant-hunting :

have a view of those fine prairie lands described by lerels as the protuberances mentioned. With a good Some months after forming my new settlement, I en Stewart and others in such a flattering way. I travelled pocket spirit-level, Mr Kemp not only demonstrated gaged a Hottentot to shoot elephants and

buffaloes for by the
Erie Canal, passing through many thriving

towns that these terraces were horizontal, but by turning

the me, on condition of receiving half of the profits. This to Buffalo. This is also a busy place, and rising fast. vale, and in fact to all the hills around, showed the hunter, rarely failing to kill on the spot whatever he tired and travelled through that state, sometimes on the existence upon them, at various points, of terraces, at the identical levels of those on Williamlaw. This he was daily exposed. His activity was most extraor- excellent land and fine thriving towns ; but the land

as many wiles as a fox in escaping the dangers to which canal to the Ohio river. On my route, I saw some hill, therefore, instead of forming an anomaly among dinary ; and I was often surprised with his nimbleness where I travelled, in a general way was rather broken its neighbours, is in reality a curious and striking in climbing the highest trees to get at the wild vines and rather poor, and apparently not very good for proof or the accuracy of Mr Kemp's conclusions ; and growing over their tops. While I was considering how wheat, but good pasture, and in general the cattle were the mode in which its sloping ridges are to be ac- I could get up, he would take hold of one of the “baboon's good. Saw some places there that pleased me well ; counted for, may yield a useful lesson to all future ropes," as they are called, which hang in festoons from but they were rather dear for me to purchase, rating inquirers into this subject. The examination of the the branches, and in a few seconds he would be perched from thirty to one hundred dollars per acre. On strata will in all probability remove every similar like a crow on the top, enjoying my surprise, and flinging arriving at the Ohio

river, took a steam-boat for

Cindifficulty. down whole bunches of the fruit.

cinnati, which is a fine city, and rising fast. From On a visit, also, to the Abbotsford hills, and the tice such entire confidence in the correctness of his aim, tiest little city I have seen in America ; but the

Though naturally timid, he had acquired by long prac- thence sailed down the river for Louisville, the pretEildon district, the writer had the advantage of receiving ocular satisfaction with regard to the terraces and bring him down with the first shot. Sometimes, sailed for St Louis, in Missouri, on the banks of the that he would go right up to an elephant in the woods, curse of slavery is there.

From thence upon these and the surrounding heights. It is unne- however, his gun would miss fire, when he had to betake Ohio and Mississippi

rivers

. The land is very rich, add his testimony to the accuracy of Mr Kemp's failed to effect his escape. His adventures of this kind but the people look unhealthy; and I found that observations and deductions. One hill only may be would fill a volume.

bilious fever and ague prevail in those flat places a mentioned, as affording peculiarly beautiful specimens Wildeman came to inform me one evening that he had good deal. St Louis is an excellent city for business, of these terraces. It is a hill named Cathie, imme- shot three elephants and a buffalo; and that there was a but inhabited by a rough people. I was much disdiately below the village of Stow, and on the line of young elephant still remaining with the body of its dead gusted with the practice that generally prevails in the Carlisle road along the Gala Six or seven ter- mother, which he thought might be caught, and brought these slaveholding states, of carrying what are called races, perfectly horizontal, and running parallel to home alive. There happened to be two friends with me bowie knires; and it is not at all uncommon that one another, may there be observed by any passing from the district of Albany, who

had never seen an ele- fights take place, and people are killed. The common traveller.

phant, and whom, therefore, I persuaded to accompany people wear those knives in a sheath at their side. It is only by actual personal inspection, perhaps, or

As soon as we had finished our breakfast, we set off, at the point. Those carried by gentlemen are similar at all events by the aid of drawings, that the existence accompanied by Jan Wildeman, my Hottentot Speulman,

They are like those used by fleshers, but rather sharper of these terraces can be fully demonstrated. But and their wives, to assist in cutting up the butfalo, and to pocket-knives, and bave a blade about six inches believing, as we do, that almost every district of Scot- carrying the flesh home.

long, which, when opened, will not shut without pressland, to go no farther, will be found to present similar

Entering the forest, Jan first brought us to the carcass ing a spring on the back. From St Louis I sailed up traces on a close examination, conviction will ere long of the buffalo ; but the fellow was so lazy that he had the Mississippi, passing the mouth of the Missouri and be forced upon every one. The cause, most certainly, not taken out the entrails, and, the weather being warm, Illinois rivers and the city of Alton, which stands on of their having remained so long, undiscovered, is the the flesh was unfit for use. He next led us to one of the a rugged limestone height, or bluff, as they are called, comparative irregularity of their extent and appear- elephants he had killed, and showed us the spot whence on the Illinois side of the river, and near the mouth of ance. Every spot has not been so favourable for their he had fired. The ball had entered the shoulder in a it. Alton is increasing rapidly. Numbers of the houses regular formation as the Glenroy vale, and those slanting direction, and passed through the heart. This are built of stone, which is not the case in many places around it. Many causes must have contributed to

was an exceedingly difficult shot, as he required to be I have seen in America, where they are generally built prevent the beach-marks of the sea from being uniform very near to hit the right place, and for the ball to pene either of brick or wood. I kept sailing up the Missisin their aspect in ordinary situations. In the first trate through such a mass of skin

and flesh.

In shooting elephants, it is necessary to be provided travelled across the state of Illinois a considerable place, ere the hills were raised step by step from the with balls made of an equal mixture of tin and lead, as

sippi upwards of a hundred miles farther, and then ocean, their sides were probably irregular in form and lead balls generally flatten on the skin or bones. Our distance. The quality of the soil

, and the general inclination, to a considerable extent. Again, their ignorance of this circumstance at Fredericksburg, ac

appearance of the country, pleased me much, except composition was most certainly of a varied kind, harder counts for the trouble we experienced in killing the in places where the land is flat and swampy, which

is or softer as it might be, and, of course, liable to diffe- elephants there.

often the case near rivers; and, in general, so far as I

After following several of the paths made by these travelled in Illinois, the land is rather level ; but still * These calculations of Mr Kemp, it is proper to say, were based animals, and struggling through the tangled

mazes of the these prairies were inviting to the eyo of people accuson the altitude of the Eildons, as computed by previous observers. I forest, we ascended a steep sandy ridge, covered

with low | tomed to live in an open country. "Wages for work

me.

STONEBYRES.

Heart! bear me witness how I felt that hour

men of all kinds are very high, and people may get a motion, till at last our soul thrills to each warning move- all his livery, and quit his house that moment. •Whatliving with the half of the labour they will do in ment, and dissolves into ecstacy, and love? Maiden, you villain,' said he, is it because I am in your power, Scotland. In the neighbourhood of Jacksonville, fine with the roses lying among the twinings of thy long red you dare take these liberties? Get out of my house, land in cultivation could have been got, for from six

to hair, think not that the art of dancing consists merely you scoundrel, and receive the reward of your treachery ten dollars an acre. The principal crops raised in in activity and strength. Thy limbs, which are none of Mrs Johnson, who was at the deanery, and greatly these western states, so far as I travelled, were Indian the weakest, were not intended to be rivals with a pavier's alarmed at this scene, immediately dispatched a messencorn, some oats, and a little wheat now and then. idea that his labours were to be lifted three feet higher Upon his arrival he found Robert walking about the hall

ger to Dr Sheridan, to come and try to make up matters. Potatoes also grow well; but the farmers depend most than thy natural height from the ground; spare thyself in great agitation, and shedding abundance of tears; inon cattle, hogs, and corn. Some of the farmers have such dreadful exertion, we beseech thee, and consider quiring into the cause of this, he was told that his master several hundred hogs, part of which they fatten with that thine ankle, though strong and thick as St George's had just discharged him. The doctor bade him be of corn in the fall, and dispose of for slaughtering. I pillars, may still be broken or sprained with such salta- good cheer; for he would undertake to pacify the dean, had the offer of an excellent farm of 600 acres, for six tions.--Blackwood's Magazine.

and that he should still be continued in his place. “That dollars an acre, 400 acres of it prairie, and the rest

is not what vexes me,' replied the honest creature ; to woodland-250 acres of it fenced and improved, and

THE TWO ROSES.

be sure I should be very sorry to leave so good a master; situated in a good place for markets, being not more WHEN summer has given a golden hue to the corn

but what grieves me to the soul is, that my master should than twelve miles from the Illinois river, and about waving in our fields, flowers of all kinds abound in have so bad an opinion of me, as to suppose me capable the same distance from a town of considerable extent ; Paris— the variegated carnation, the proud-stalked of betraying him for any

reward whatever. When this but the sickly appearance of the people frightened me. tulip, the fragrant lilac, are to be bought at every a sentiment in one of his low sphere, he immediately They appeared either to be indolent, or unable to labour; corner, and lend their beauty and their fragrance alike pardoned him, and restored him to favour. He also took and, so far as I saw in these new countries, they had a to the duchess or the grisette, for then nature in her the first opportunity in his power

of rewarding this man very bilious appearance; and from what I have since abundance is rich enough to supply the desires and for his fidelity. The place of verger to the cathedral learned from people that have resided in them for caprices of both.

soon after becoming vacant, Swift called Robert to him, some time, my conjeetures were right. Although I

In the first few fine days of spring, when the frost and asked him if he had any clothes of his own that were cannot say that Stewart has exaggerated the beauty still spreads a frozen mantle over the verdure of the not a livery; to which the other replying in the affirmaof the country and goodness of the land, he has not field, the case is far different-flowers then

are scarce, tive, he desired him immediately to strip off his livery, told all the truth; he has not alluded in the way he and many a bud is nipped before its hour—and roses

and put on those clothes. The poor fellow, quite astoought to the sickliness of the country: Fever and and camelias belong to the rich alone, for they are

nished, begged to know what crime he had committed, ague prevailed to a considerable extent in Illinois last worth their weight in gold.

that he should be discharged. “Well-do as I ordered fall, so much so that the medicines used for the cure of

you,' said Swift. When he returned in his new dress,

We now proceed to explain how two roses could the dean called the other servants into the room, and the disease became scarce, and rose to an enormous bring two ladies before a court, and why. Madame told them they were no longer to consider him as their price. Stewart gives too favourable an account of the Gallien, a dressmaker of note, should claim thirty fellow-servant Robert, but as Mr Blakely, verger of St American people. I admit there are many very intel- francs damages from Mlle. Flora Minnett. But Ma- Patrick's Cathedral, which place he had bestowed on ligent, respectable people in the United States; but, dame Gallien shall speak for herself.

him as a reward for his faithful services. The grateful generally, the working-people I fell in with weré Madame Gallien. - About two months ago, the creature poured forth a thousand blessings on him, and haughty, proud, and insolent; and if you asked any Prince of C. T. married Mlle. Leontine de č. The begged, as the greatest favour he could confer on him, thing of them, the general answer was, “I don't know," corbeille and trousseau were to be magnificent. I re- that he might still be continued in the same station in a manner not to be misunderstood. Considering the ceived the order for making the ball-dress of the bride without fee or reward, as he was sure no one could gire unhealthy appearance of the people in the new

states, it was to be a chef-d'auvre. Lace and pearls, and such satisfaction to his master in the discharge of it as where land could not be got at a price to suit me, and guypure, were to unite and bring

out something lovely himself. As he was an excellent servant, and was accus. not yet being so much of a republican as to wish to --but even those rare materials

were not reckoned but be very acceptable to the dean ; and Mr Blakely aclive in a country where the mob govern, I made up sufficient ; something still rarer was to be added, viz. cordingly continued to officiate in that capacity for some my mind to settle in Canada, as I there found the -a white rose at the end of February.

time as a volunteer, without any of the badges of servipeople and manners more agreeable to me than in The Magistrate. I suppose it was Miss Flora who tude. But the master was too liberal to accept the gemost places of the States. On the morning after my promised to procure you this rare production? nerous proposal made by the servant; for, though he arrival at Toronto, I was accosted by Mr John Somer- Madame Gallien.--It was, please your worship. She paid him no wages, he took care, by handsome presents, ville, from Beith. He kindly invited me to his house, has long been in the habit of cultivating flowers, and to make him a full equivalent.”—Dublin University Mag. where I was treated in a very friendly, way both by supplies all the great modistes of the capital with the Mr and Mrs Somerville. Mr Somerville appears to choicest and rarest articles. I went to her, explained SONNETS ON THE FALLS OF CLYDE. be getting on well, is a man of good abilities, and the purport of my call, and she promised to give me well qualified for the situation he fills in the bank.. I one of the two roses that she was rearing, on my giving

Words! ye are powerless-at this scene of power, remained in Canada about ten days. Before leaving her twenty-five francs (one pound) on delivery.

Feebly and idly from the tongue ye fall : it for the States, I saw some fine farms for sale, which relied on this promise, but she did not fulfil it ; no

The dim lone hour, when, night with veiing pall would have suited me well, and were selling for two- white rose came, and the wedding-dress was refused Deep'ning its wildness, Stonebyres met my sight. thirds of their value. Numbers of the people that as the rose was wanting.

The white foam, flashing through the gulf profuund, were disaffected to the government, and suspected The judge here inquired of the defendant why she

Made e'en stern midnight wear the smile of light, of having a share in the rebellion, were anxious to had not sent the rose as she had agreed to do.

And the huge tumbling mass shook all around.

I look'd below; each hand, a rocky steep sell their property, and go to the States ; but, after Mlle. Flora (timidly).-I can assure you it was not Guarded the calm'd and wider-bending stream: all, nothing would satisfy me till I had a better view my fault. On the very eve of the day on which I had Wild trees, their love revealing e'en in sleep, of the States. I went to Hamilton, from thence to promised to send the rose to Madame Gallien, a shower

Bent o'er the wave, whose murmurs bade them dream. Paris, a distance of about seventy miles, and staid two of rain having fallen during my absence, a few hours

There Peace might joy to watch the peeping flowernights with Dr M Cosh. I also staid a night with after nothing but the stalk remained. What I have

Above, reigns one sole thought, which speaks in thunder

power. a Mr Dickie; he and his family have 400 acres of just said is truth itself. good land, and say they have done much better than The Magistrate.--I believe you speak the truth, Thou speak'st with tongue of tempest, Corra Linn! they could have done in Scotland. On returning but why did you not send the other rose ?

Shaking the heart; thou tell'st in awful tone to Canada, I got a farm that pleases me very well ; Mlle. Flora.—Oh, that one was not promised. Had

How frail earth's tenant, proud, tho' slave to sin

How grand is He, who hath uprear'd his throne although, had I had the sense to have purchased a farm I promised it, Madame Gallien would have doubtless

On the firm hills; who utters forth his word, which was offered me when I first arrived in the accepted it, for it was the finer of the two ; but I would The voice of many waters; bids the tree country, I could have had a property worth £200 more not offer it, for it was destined to my mother.

Bloom o'er the stream that feeds it, and the bird for the same money I paid for the one I got. Still The Magistrate. It was perhaps her féte day.

Blend with thy roar its fainter melody.

Who bids the drops which on the mountains fall, we have not much reason to complain. Farms have Mlle. Flora.—No, sir; it was the anniversary of the

Commingling, deep'ning, valeward force their way. sold since we came here that would let to pay ten per day of her death. Every year I take to her grave at Thundering through cliffs, till occan swallows all, cent. interest. The general rate is from two to three Montmartre a white rose, for she greatly loved that Whence rich-dew'd clouds the debt to earth repay : dollars of rent per acre for the land cleared on the flower. This year I did as I had hitherto done. I

Who in that bow,* at anger smiling still, farm; and if the tenant chooses to clear more of the said to myself, the bride will be as handsome, not

Paints, in the sun's own light, the pledge of Heaven's good will

Tuomas LISTER, Barnsiez. woodland, he may do so without paying any more rent. withstanding her having a flower less, and my mother Property has sold better this season than last ; still will have her accustomed homage. In saying this, the many respectable people are leaving the province for affectionate girl burst into tears, and Madame Gallien the States, in despair of the grievances of the province hastened to console, while the audience seemed deeply being redressed without a separation from Britain. So affected.

Childish and barbarous as we must admit a large porfar as I can judge, the people are generally loyal to Madame Gallien then addressed the magistrate thus tion of the amusements of the native society of India to the British government, and have a strong wish to -Have the kindness to quash this case, for I have be, yet there can be no question of their capability of continue under her protection; but-[Here the writer acted wrong in having attempted to punish this sweet enjoying much more intellectual pleasures. There are, enters on the field of politics, explaining the cause of child for having done a good action. Dry up your it is true, whole castes and classes of persons so exexisting distresses in Canada. On this topic we have tears, Mlle. Flora, and let the business drop; and may tremely ignorant as to appear to be guided by instinet neither the power nor the inclination to intrude ; and, I one day have a daughter like you.

rather than by reason, and whose natural stupidity in conclusion, only offer one piece of advice to intend. The magistrate, who seemed much affected by the seems to render improvement perfectly hopeless; but ing emigrants, which is, to abstain by all means from scene, ordered the case to be quashed, and the two the major portion are intelligent and of cultivated

tastes, which in many parts of Europe, and certainly proceeding to any part of Canada till its affairs are settled females left the office together.-From a newspaper.

in England, are confined to persons of a superior grade. fully to the satisfaction of its inhabilants. The fevers

It is but very lately in this country that the lower and bowie knives in some parts of the states, to which

classes have begun to relish the refinements of music, the writer adverts, are not inore distressing in their

An instance of the bold and decisive measures which or that the street ballad-singers have given way to effects than incessant political broils and the prospect sprung from the proud ardour and defiance of Swift's minstrels of higher pretensions. But in Hindostan the of civil warfare.]

character, is vividly sketched by the pen of Dr Sheridan: same air that delights the prince is the solace of the

“ During the publication of the Drapier's Letters, Swift peasant, and the tale that is told in the palace is repeated HINTS TO DANCERS.

took great pains to conceal himself from being known as under the thatch of a cottage. It will perhaps be a very We go to a ball. Mercy upon us! is this what you the author. The only persons in the secret were Robert long time before any Asiatics of any rank can be taught call dancing? A man of thirty years of age, and with Blakely, his butler, whom he employed as his amanuensis, to appreciate the divine compositions of the great maslegs as thick as a gate-post, stands up in the middle of and Dr Sheridan. As Robert was not the most accurate ters of the art, since they have no such thing as connected the room, and gapes and fumbles with his gloves, looking transcriber, the copies were always delivered by him to music-the greater the number of instruments employed, all the time as if he were burying his grandmother. at the doctor, in order to their being corrected, and fitted the greater being the discord; but the simple melodies, a given signal, the unwieldy animal puts himself into for the press, by whom they were conveyed to the printer consisting of a few sweet wild notes, struck upon a guitar, motion ; he throws out his arms, crouches up his should in such a way as to prevent a possibility of discovery. It and perchance accompanied by a voice richly gifted by ders, and, without moving a muscle of his face, kicks out happened that Robert Blakely, the very evening of the nature, comes home to every feeling heart. These popular his legs, to the manifest risk of the bystanders, and goes day on which the proclamation was issued, offering a re- airs are common all over India, and are often heard in back to his place puffing and blowing like an otter, after ward of L.300 for discovering the author of the Drapier's the most remote and unfrequented places, breaking the a half-hour's burst. Is this dancing ? Shades of the filial fourth letter, had staid out later than usual without bis silence of the summer night on the banks of lonely rivers.

-Asiutie Journal, and paternal Vestris ! oan this be a specimen of the art master's leave. The dean ordered the door to be locked which gives elasticity to the most inert conformation, at the accustomed hour, and shut him out. The next which sets the blood glowing with a warm and genial morning the poor fellow appeared before him with marks

Published, with permission of the proprietors, by W.S. flow, and makes beauty float before our ravished senses, of great contrition; when Swift would listen to none of his ORR, Paternoster Row; and sold by all booksellers and news stealing our admiration by the gracefulness of each new excuses, but, abusing him outrageously, bid him strip off men.-Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars

CORRA LINN.

* The rainbow in the basin of the fall.

MANNERS AND TASTES OF NATIVE INDIAN SOCIETY.

DEAN SWIFT.

LONDON:

[graphic]

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”:

CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

NUMBER 445.

SATURDAY, AUGUST 8, 1840.

PRICE THREE Halfpence,

PEEPS INTO THE WORKSHOPS OF ness, and racked his brains to correct what he had “ It is somewhere related by Le Clerc, that a wealthy LITERARY MEN.

written. He used to say that a poet, after writing a trader of good understanding, having the usual ambiLITERATURE, though it never can be practised with hundred good verses, ought to repose for ten years ! tion to breed his son a scholar, carried him to an success except by men endowed with peculiar and The style of La Fontaine's tales conveys the impres- university, resolving to make use of his own judgment suitable faculties, is also to be regarded as an art, which, sion of easy and rapid composition ; but in reality in the choice of a tutor. He had been taught, by no more than any other, can be exercised without a these tales were written and polished with the most whatever intelligence, the nearest way to the heart of certain degree of acquired skill. It stands, however, laborious care. Beranger is also a slow writer, “fre- an academic, and soon after his arrival opened his purse in an uncommon position as an art, for it has no quently laying aside the subject on which he is with so little reserre, and entertained all who came apprenticeships, no recognised academies of instruc-employed for several weeks, and patiently waiting about him with such profusion of plenty, that the tion, no grades of teachers and scholars, but is usually until, by dint of long reflection on the subject, and professors were presently lured by the smell of his taken up by each isolated student at his own hand, careful polishing, by the selection of the happiest table from their books, and flocked round him with and with only such aid as he can derive from what he allusions, by the studious exclusion of every phrase all the importunity of awkward complaisance. This chances to know of the habits of others, or as his or illustration that appears recherché or ornate, he eagerness completely answered the merchant's purpose : native good sense may lend to him. Such being has given to the whole that unity and appearance of he glutted them with delicacies, he cheered them with admitted as the case, it becomes a somewhat important ease and simplicity at which he constantly aims."* | wine, he softened them with caresses, and by degrees as well as curious subject of inquiry, what have been Madame Dacier translated some parts of Homer six prevailed upon one after another to open his bosom, the ways and modes assumed or followed by the first or seven times, and would, after all, add on the margin and make a full discovery of his schemes of competition, masters of the art.

of her copy, “I hare not done it yet.” Pascal, writing his alarm of jealousy, and his rancour of resentment. Sir Walter Scott was a rapid writer. We have his his Provincial Letters, spent twenty days on some Thus after having long endeavoured to learn each man's own testimony that the second and third volumes of one of the number, and re-wrote the beginnings of character, partly from himself, and partly from his Waverley were written in three weeks, and Mr Lock- several six or seven times before being satisfied. acquaintances, he at last resolved to find some other hart states that twice the time sufficed to produce the It has been somewhere insisted on as a curious fact, method of educating his son, and went away, fully conwhole of Guy Mannering. He composed a large part that the writings of Rousseau, in which simplicity of vinced that a scholastic life has no other tendency of his Life of Napoleon at the rate of sixteen printed language is so prominent a feature, were written with than to vitiate the morals and contract the underpages per day, which would give a volume of that work vast care—the author sitting, too, in full dress, and standing. Nor could he afterwards bear with patience in little more than the time taken to fabricate a using the finest gilt-edged paper—while the papers of the praises of the ancient authors, being persuaded volume of Guy Mannering—a wonderful effort, when the Rambler, in which the style appears so cumbrous that scholars of all ages must have been the same ; we consider the necessity of referring to authorities. and laboured, were thrown off with great rapidity, and that Xenophon and Cicero were nothing more On the other hand, it must be acknowledged that and sent in hot haste to the press. This is apt to than professors of some former university, and were Scott was not a correct writer. In his manuscript, lead to some misconception of Johnson's literary habits. therefore mean and selfish, ignorant and servile, like sentences were often left unfinished ; awkward peculi- He certainly wrote rapidly, the Rasselas being the those whom he had lately visited and forsaken.” arities of phrase, including Scotticisms, abounded; composition of the evenings of a week, while it is true “ It is somewhere related by Le Clerc, that a wealthy and it is evident that the Life of Napoleon would have that the Ramblers were mostly composed immediately trader of good understanding, having the common been at this day a better authority, if it had been before they were printed. But Johnson was also a ambition to breed his son a scholar, carried him to an written more deliberately. Much of his poetry is as great memorandist, and a laborious corrector. Even university, resolving to use his own judgment in the slovenly as his prose. The manuscripts of Scott were his rapidity was allowed by himself to be the result choice of a tutor. He had been taught, by whatever all latterly first draughts. He did not even read over of early self-discipline. “He told him [Sir Joshua intelligence, the nearest way to the heart of an acadewhat he had written, before sending it to the press. Reynolds] that he had early laid it down as a fixed | mic, and at his arrival entertained all who came about It was also remarkable of him, that he wrote his rule to do his best on every occasion, and in every him with such profusion, that the professors were novels without plan or premeditation of any kind, company; to impart whatever he kuew in the most lured by the smell of his table from their books, and one scene or combination of characters suggesting that forcible language he could put it in ; and that, by Aocked round him with all the cringes of awkward which was to follow, until he was called upon by the constant practice, and never suffering any careless complaisance. This eagerness answered the merprinter to close in the work. The press following expressions to escape him, or attempting to deliver chant's purpose ; he glutted them with delicacies, and close at his heels, it was impossible for him to go back his thoughts without arranging them in the clearest softened them with caresses, till he prevailed upon and accommodate any past part to that for the moment manner, it becamie habitual to him.”+ At least thirty one after another to open his bosom, and make a disunder his hands. It is wonderful that, in such cir- papers were written from prepared memoranda. His covery of his competitions, jealousies, and resentments. cumstances, he has written in general so happily; but mind also contained a vast store of unwritten observa- Having thus learned each man's character, partly it must also be owned that the conclusions of his works tion and thought, which he was ready to pour forth from himself, and partly from his acquaintances, he are usually hurried and unsatisfactory. We believe as it was required. While these circumstances are to resolved to find some other education for his son, and that, in at least one instance, he found himself com- be taken into consideration, it might also, we think, went away, convinced that a scholastic life has no pelled to change the original destination of an im- be shown that a rolling, measured style, like that of other tendency than to vitiate the morals and conportant character, by concluding “the Fair Maid Johnson, requires less time than a simple style like tract the understanding. Nor would he afterwards of Perth” with the marriage of the heroine to the that of Rousseau and Beranger. For the latter, it is hear with patience the praises of the ancient authors, blacksmith. Taking the first description of this per- necessary that the mind should be chastened down, being persuaded that scholars of all ages must have son in connexion with the contemporary burnings for which requires time. Johnson's corrections on his been the same ; and that Xenophon and Cicero were the Bohemian heresy, it is evident that he designed compositions were not known to the literary world, till professors of some former university, and therefore her for martyrdom.

elucidated by Mr Alexander Chalmers in his preface mean and selfish, ignorant and servile, like those The Telemachus of Fenelon was written in three to the Rambler. It was shown by that gentleman, whom he had lately visited and forsaken.” months, and there were not ten erasures in the original that, between the sheet edition of these essays and the Pope, as might have been expected, was a slow and manuscript. The author, says D’Israeli

, had previously first reprint of them as a book, thousands of correc- painstaking writer. In translating the Iliad, he “ formed his style, and his mind overflowed with all tions had been made by the thor, indicating a considered fifty verses a-day as good work. The first the spirit of the ancients.” “The same facility,” adds thoughtful regard for propriety of expression, and draughts of that poem, which are preserved in the the same writer, “ accompanied Gibbon after the productive of an inconceivable improvement in the British Museum, show many erasures and interlineaexperience of his first volume ; and the same copious work. Mr Chalmers produces some specimens of the tions, and, besides these, many passages which the readiness attended Adam Smith, who dictated to his original papers, marking in italics the words which author had altered before the poem was published. amanuensis while he walked about his study." Yet had been altered. We shall copy one passage from Parts of the first draught have been published by Gibbon had spent seven years in preparing for his the 180th paper, along with the corresponding passage Johnson and D’Israeli

, and may be referred to as work, and the Wealth of Nations, one way and an- in the corrected edition_thus presenting what, short very instructive examples of the labour of a literary other, was the labour of ten years.

as it is, must, we conceive, be a very instructive lesson artist of the first order to give finish to his work. It is remarkable, considering the mercurial cha- on tlit subject of composition.

We can only afford space for a very small specimen, racter of the French, how slowly and carefully many

namely, the passage in which Hector takes his child of them have written. Malherbe, usually called the * Article Poetry, Encyclopædia Britannica, 7th edition.

from the arms of Andromache. As published by the father of their poetry, composed with prodigious tardi- | Boswell.

poet, it is as follows:

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