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tion which the union with a rich man promised. How of that adversity, from which he had rescucd her at the That evening, as they sat together, she told him every he loved the world! It seemed as if its treasures and peril of his own peace, was, in a moment, unsealed ; and thing; all her feelings, thoughts, plans, and performances. pleasures were growing dearer to him every day he lived ; that night, during which she scarcely closed her eyes, And he confided to her every doubt, fear, and perplexity, and he planned to live long, while death was shaking the there was opened before her aroused faculties a new that had shadowed his path. “But these are all removed few last sands from his glass. Mr Wise had been con- world of thoughts, hopes, and resolutions. The next now, dearest," said he. “ We now understand each versing with his intended son-in-law on the subject of the morning her manner towards her husband evinced more other; we are now one-one in purpose, plan, pursuit marriage, and, when the latter expressed some doubts than usual tenderness; and, when he went out, her part- We shall succeed. God will bless those who TRY AND that Ellen would not, for a long time, consent to the ing kiss was given with that heart-devoted affection, TRUST.” marriage, the father, suddenly rising, exclaimed, “I as- which to him was a recompense for every care.
And they did succeed. Henry Harrison is now one or sure you, Mr Kerney, that Ellen shall be yours--yes, in As soon as he was gone, Ellen hastened to a shop where the brightest ornaments of his profession in the great one month, if I live, she shall coussent to marry you---or she knew fancy work was sold. She could devise no way state of New York. He is also one of the most estimable -." What he would have added, was never known. of earning money except by her needle. Her education, men in private life, rich enough to gratify his refined Perhaps a malediction against his only child, if she re- though it had cost more money than it requires to carry tastes and benevolent feelings, and his wife is still the sisted his arbitrary command to sell herself for gold, was half a dozen economical young men through college, had cherished object of his affection, his confidant, counselrising in his heart. But he was spared the sin of giving been unsystematical. Her masters had taught her the lor, and helper. expression to his thought. He uttered a groan, fell back- result of sciences, and the show of accomplishments ; The same devoted and faithful love that first awakened ward, and iinmediately expired.
but the principles which must be comprehended and Ellen's spirit to exertion, has animated her in acquiring Ellen wept over him in deep and sincere sorrow; and made clear to the mind before one is qualified to com- the requisite knowledge of all her domestic duties. These the world soon allowed that she had cause of grief. It municate knowledge to other minds, she had never ac- she has performed, not as tasks, but as pleasures. And was found, on examining the affairs of Mr Wise, that he quired. She played the harp and piano divinely, but she often alludes to her first experiment in the use of was a bankrupt to a large amount. The creditors seized could not have given a lesson on either, or, at least, she her own faculties to gain an independent support, or every thing—even Ellen's harp was not spared ; and Mr dared not attempt it. She could draw and paint bcau- rather to prevent herself from being a burden to her Kerney, like a prudent man as he really was in pecuniary tifully, yet knew not the principles of either art. But in husband, as the period when her judgment was really matters, fearing he might be appealed to in her behalf, needlework she excelled, and had a natural ingenuity and exercised, her mind enlightened to discern the moral took passage in the first Havre packet, with the avowed taste which had often excited the admiration of her com- relations of woman in her social and domestic character, intention of passing several years abroad.
panions. And, as melancholy reflections on the waste of and her heart strengthened to endure, and refined to “ Poor Ellen! What will become of her ?” exclaimed precious time and money, which she felt was the result enjoy, the lot assigned her. “ I have,” she remarked to a Miss Rickett, in a soft, sentimental tone, which she in- of her superficial mode of education, passed through her young friend who was about to be married, “never retended should pass for compassion towards the destitute mind, she turned with something of exultation to the gretted that I was compelled to resort to button-making. orphan. “Oh, I do so pity her!” The malicious sparkle thought that she had loved needlework, and could exe- The man you are to marry is rich ; but, should any reof her eye told of a different feeling.
cute almost every kind with great skill. Oh, I will verse occur, never lament for yourself, but strive to assist “ You may spare your sympathy, for Miss Wise needs employ every moment-I will earn enough to pay my own him. The effort will make you happy; and there is no it not," replied Mrs Alden, with that calm but deep ex- board! Dear Henry shall not feel distress on my account!" grace, no perfection, that will so surely gain the esteem pression, which tells the pretender to kind feelings that were her mental exclamations as she entered the shop of and love of your husband." her dissimulation is perfectly understood. “ The orphan Mrs Millet. has a true friend."
These bright dreams were soon dispersed. Mrs Millet “ Yourself, my dear madam ?" inquired the spinster, wanted no muslin nor fancy work ; and, when she did
DRAMATIC PROVERBS. with an admiring smile.
give out work of the kind, the prices she paid were so " She will remain with me a few weeks longer ; then inadequate to the time required for such nice perfor: appropriately, in France. It consists, as its name
This amusement, like Bouts Rimés, took its rise, very she is to be married.” “ Married ! indeed! Why, Mr Kerney has left the enough to pay
her board. While she lingered, in doubt partly imports, in the illustration of a proverb by a " True ; but Miss Wise was never engaged to him, and for daisy buttons and frogs. Mrs Millet had none of the the meaning and spirit of the selected proverb are
what next to attempt, a young lady entered, and inquired dramatic scene got up extemporaneously by two or never would have married such a man. She has happier colour wanted. prospects."
“I thought you always kept a variety. I can nowhere developed by the language, gestures, and actions, of “Some sentimental love affair, I presume," said Miss find any," said the young lady.
the parties who take the task upon them, the better Rickett, with a sneer. “I think you are the advocate “I have had the best assortment in the city,” remarked is the purpose of it fulfilled, and the greater the conof love marriages."
the shopwoman ; " but the girl that made them for me is sequent entertainment. Of course, no slight amount "I am the advocate of truth in all the relations of life ; dying with the consumption, and I can find nobody inge- of wit and readiness of thought is requisite for the and, till the marriage-contract sanctions the union of nious enough to make the nice kind. Needlework is successful execution of these Proverbes Dramatiques, husband and wife for purposes of mere convenience, I sadly neglected now-a-days." shall consider that those who at the altar pledge their The thought struck Ellen, “ Here is a chance for me." tomed to see them done. But in the literary circles
and ordinary society in Britain is as yet little accuslove to each other, are guilty of perjury, unless they feel She asked to look at the buttons, what they profess.”
“ Can you make such as those, miss ?" asked the of Paris, the exhibition is a common one, and gives “ Pray, who is the favoured swain ?"
woman, thinking, from Ellen's blushing face, that she great amusement. We have before us an excellent A young lawyer of New York.” was a diffident school girl, and, from her earnest manner,
account of one instance in which the acting of proverbs “Ah, some Yankee speculator, I presume," said Miss that perhaps she would try to make them well; 'cause,
was practised with great success in Dublin. The nar. Rickett, scornfully. “ But I hope Miss Wise will be if you can, I will pay you a high price, three sixpences rator is Prince Puchler Muskwa, and the chief percautious. This Strephon may enact the second part of a-dozen.”
formers were the well-known Lady Morgan, and her the Mercenary Lover,' and be off like the old beau.” * Three sixpences ! Ellen Wise seeking employment by sister Lady C. We give nearly the whole scene,
Mrs Alden gave her a look. How emphatic may be sixpences!” were the first thoughts that flashed over her as we could in no way better describe the general the language of a look! Miss Rickett felt that she was mind. But she recovered her calmness in a moment. nature of this entertainment :-“ The most amusing an object of utter contempt to the good matron, and, for “ I will try, if you will let me have the materials." part of the entertainment,” says the German prince, once, the silent rebuke was effectual; not another word " Oh, certainly; but you must pay for the silk and
was the acting of proverbs by Lady M— and her of slander or satire did she utter. What a poor mean moulds ; you need only take a few skeins of silk, for you sister Lady C—, who both extemporised admirably. figure detected envy and malice display!
may waste it all, and I cannot afford to lose it. I will Among others, they performed · Lote me, love my
give you the price I named for good buttons, and four dog ! »° The manner of doing it is then depicted nearly They were married, Henry Harrison and Ellen Wise ; shillings a-dozen for frogs.”
as follows: and they were happy, for their love was of that deep and Ellen took materials sufficient for an experiment, a few tender nature which perfect sympathy of feeling and con- buttons for models, and, after paying for her purchase,
Persons of the drama Lady Man old cogeniality of mind and taste inspire. It was exalted too, found she had only one sixpence in her purse.
" Well,"quette ; Lady C
an Irish fortune-hunter; her eldest for it was based on perfect faith in the worth and truth thought she, “ if the old proverb be correct, that nece's daughter, a French waiting-maid ; the youngest daughof each other. Yet Henry had not ventured to open all sity is the mother of invention,' I shall succeed. I have ter, a captain of the Guards, a lover of the lady. Scene his heart to his young bride. Had he felt himself free to need enough to arouse my ingenuity."
the first; Lady M— with her maid at her toilet. obey the dictates of prudence, he would hardly have And she did succeed a wonderfully,” Mrs Millet said, Confidential advice of the maid, in which she betrays dared to indulge his desire for so early a marriage, as his “and would soon earn a fortune." And Ellen felt that various laughable secrets of the toilet. Distress of profession had hitherto afforded him but little more in- she was indeed rich, when in a week from her first essay, the coquette at the first appearance of wrinkles. Ascome than sufficed for his own support. It was a time, she found herself able to earn from six to nine shillings surances of the Abigail that by candle-light nobody too, of great depression in business, and the prospects of per day. Never, never had she been so rich, so happy. can be handsomer. Former curious love affairs then the country were gloomy. But Ellen was destitute of a The hours passed away like moments; the days were home and protector, and he could no longer endure the over before she had time to think of weariness. She only the captain.” This personage, an exquisite, enters
talked of. “Hush !" cries the maid suddenly, “ I hear severe calculations of prudence which had forbidden their worked while her husband was absent, for she wished to union. He married ; and, after all the expenses attend- surprise him, at the end of the month, with the sight of with great fuss, carrying a little dog under his arm; ing the event were settled, his lodgings furnished, and his her wealth ; when his heart was heavy with care, how and after some tender compliments, tells his mistress bride scated in her genteel parlour, arranged in a pretty blessed it would be to find that she had sympathised that he is obliged to rejoin his regiment, and wishes to though not expensive style, he found he had barely suffi- with him. They had just entered on the third month of leave her his little Fidèle, that she may be kept in mind cient cash left to pay the first month's board. True, he their married life, when Ellen commenced her button of the fidelity due to him. Burlesque protestations, had debts due from several clients, but he knew it was making business. The first day of the fourth month the sobs, embraces, and farewells follow. But lo! the Irish very uncertain when he should obtain payment. How landlady served up, as usnal, her bill with the tea equi- fortune-hunter steps on the scene after the captain is could he enter into these vexing details to his young and page. “She made it a principle,” she very modestly gone, and, by dint of brass and address, overcomes the utterly inexperienced wife?
observed, “ never to disturb a boarder with a bill except feeble resistance of the lady, and gets her consent to Mr Wise had always destined his daughter for a rich when his mind was at leisure, which it must be over the sign a marriage-contract, by which her whole fortune husband. She was, he well knew, exceedingly beautiful ; tea-table.”.
is to be transferred to his guidance. Just at this junche had studied to educate her in the manner which Ellen watched her husband's countenance, when, after ture, however, he observes the dog, and, finding out would make her natural graces most attractive. Holding tea, he opened the paper. As he raised his eyes to hers, the truth regarding the ownership of it, from the in the most sovereign contempt the Bentham philosophy, she could not forbear smiling. “I am glad you are so which inculcatos the “ greatest happiness of the greatest happy, my love," said he.
stammering confusion of the lady, thinks it fitting and number,” his efforts had only selfish indulgence for their " Are you not happy, Henry ?"
proper to play the part of the jealous infuriated lover. object; and he had trained Ellen in his own luxurious “ Yes, yes ; I shall always be happy while I can make He insists on the instant expulsion of poor Fidèle, habits and expensive tastes. But the pure diamond will you so. But I have sometimes feared”
and, having gained over the maid by a dexterously glow in the dark mine as brightly as on the coronet of a " That we should be poor, and then that I should be administered purse, throws the dog out of the door, king. Ellen had a disposition which prosperity could miserable ?"
while the waiting-maid holds back the half-reluctant not corrupt. Her mind was naturally upright, or, as a Henry looked earnestly on his wife. She continued, lady. It chances that the captain had forgotten to phrenologist would say, she had large conscientiousness. “ I know, my dear husband, that you have suffered deep leave Fidèle's collar, and, returning with it, is just in And this simple integrity of heart had always resisted concern on my account; but never fear. I have engaged time to receive in his arms his poor oanine pet, so the blandishments which her father's vanity had drawn a fairy to supply me with all I want. I do not intend, unceremoniously dismissed. Now follows a mighty around her. Yet she had had no practical experience in like Cinderella, to tax her for a coach-and-six, as I have blustering between the rivals, who look at each
other lessons of self-denial, and could not, therefore, know the no notion of going to a ball to gain the favour of a prince so canniballishly, and talk so big, that the women take little methods of management and daily sacrifices of taste while I can see you at home; nor do I expect garinents to flight. Left alone with his opponent, the captain to necessity, which real poverty imposes. She was aware the colour of the sun, but only the modest kind that draws his sword, and compelling the Irishman to make that Henry had no fortune ; yet his profession was, in pleases you ; these she has promised me.” her estimation, one of the first in the world; and she had He looked more and more puzzled. At last she rose,
a rather hasty exit by the window, remains master of never doubted his ability to maintain her according to and, going to her cabinet, brought forth a little box con
the field; with which consummation the scene closes. her station. But those few words, that sad, loving ex- taining her hoarded treasure, and placed it before him; « but the spirit, humour, and wit, by which it was
“ The skeleton here is meagre," says the prince, pression in her husband's eye, as he gazed so tenderly on her, told the struggle of his soul. She now felt that she and the gush of joy that thrilled through her heart filled out, rendered it extremely entertaining. The was the wife of a poor man ; that, to shield her from melted to a flood of those sweet tears which only spring imperfections of the costume made it only more piquant suffering, he was sacrificing himself. The whole depth from the very fullness of pleasure.
The ladies had but put on a coat and waistcoat over
their own dresses, and stuck a hat on their heads. teachers consist of a series of low buildings, in a style was designed as the carpenter's shop, and was shortly Their swords were riding-whips, and Fidèle a muff.” of architecture not the most suitable for such a pur. to come into use. The country air and exercise to As gentlemen may be performers as well as ladies, pose ; and in front of them are a few acres of ground which the pupils are exposed, the happiness
they though chance ordered it otherwise in this instance, laid out for the use of the pupils. The school, which enjoy in their rural labours, and a mild routine of there need exist ordinarily no such imperfections in contains both boys and girls, is in two distinct divisions instruction in school, unite in keeping them in good attire.
--one for infants, and the other for advanced pupils ; health and invigorating their moral and intellectual First introduced into society, after the fashion here the total number of children in the institution was faculties. The schoolmaster spoke also approvingly described, dramatised Procerbes have since taken a fixed 160. The fee is ld. per week for each pupil. This of their advancement in simple religious knowledge, and respectable place in the literature of France. At little seminary is the offspring of generous wishes, for as far as he was able to communicate it, and lamented the present day, M. Theodore Leclerq, a writer of which its founder deserves much credit; but, from that the clergyman of the district, though humbly reability, has produced no fewer than eight yolumes of what I saw of it, I was impressed with the idea that quested to give his countenance and advice in this them, and these are much spoken of and admired. considerably larger expenditure would be required to branch of education, had pointedly refused to do so, Alfred de Vigny, one of the cleverest novelists of the do full justice to a design upon such a scale. "In both alleging as a reason, that the institution was not in day, has also turned his attention to the same line of departments of the school, I nevertheless found an connexion with the national schools. This statement composition. It must be confessed, however, that to active and liberal system of instruction, each of the only corroborated what I heard every where else, that dramatise proverbs on paper, with deliberation and two masters being evidently desirous of promoting the only persons who either looked with disdain on the power of revision, is a task of a very different na- the welfare of the establishment. In the school, the efforts of the schoolmaster, or assumed a hostile ture from the extemporisation of them orally. Lady there was a library of entertaining little works, which attitude towards them, were the clergymen in the Morgan, who, not to speak of her uncommon talents, I was informed were sought for and read with avi- neighbourhood. I mention the circumstance with had spent much of her time in France, and had doubt dity by the elder boys and girls ; and this is clearly much sorrow, and hope for better times. less practised the amusement very frequently, might so much gained from the great outfield of ignorance The establishment of the “ Children's Friend Sosucceed perfectly in delighting a company in the in the district. The course of industrial occupation ciety” at Hackney-Wick, in the eastern environs manner described ; but the task is too difficult a one was on a much more limited scale than I had ex- of the metropolis, is very different in many respects ever to be extensively prevalent in ordinary society, pected. It was, I believe, part of the design to from either of the preceding institutions, but is equally unless, indeed, parties give themselves the advantage instruct the boys in various handicrafts, but nothing entitled to rank as a school of industry, and may apof considerable preparation.
of the kind has yet been attempted. The only em- propriately enough be described in the present paper.
ployment is gardening, which is pursued at certain it is almost needless to mention a fact with which A FEW WEEKS FROM HOME.
hours by a number of the boys. Each is allowed the most persons are acquainted, that London and its INDUSTRIAL SCHOOLS AT OKHAM, EALING, AND
sixteenth of an acre at a rent of one shilling, and the densely populated suburbs abound in poor and friendproduce, whatever it may be, is entirely their own. less children, who are either wholly abandoned by
Several boys were busily engaged in delving their small their parents to the parish authorities, or are left to My next visits were to several schools in and about patches, and the crops of potatoes and peas, which pick up the means of a precarious existence by begging London, chiefly those in which industrial occupation were showing themselves above ground, were in some or pilfering. The streets of all our largo towns exhas been introduced. The establishment at Norwood, cases tolerably abundant. I was informed by the hibit a continually flourishing crop of this class of for the rearing and educating of pauper children, I superintendant, that in general the gardening was juvenile paupers—little ragged wretches whom nobody was glad to find, continued to flourish. Within the pursued with little animation, as the boys have no seems to heed, but who in reality constitute the malast twelve months, an infant-school had been added means of providing manure to fertilise the soil, and teriel for the supply of courts of justice, and furnish to the other arrangements, and outline elementary as there was no population in the neighbourhood to steady employment to an extensive corps of judges, drawing, principally with reference to industrial ob- purchase the produce. Upon the whole, the Okham lawyers, jailers, and governors of penal colonies. Tes jects, now formed a branch of ordinary study for a School, though doing some good, cannot be said to years ago, the idea of checking, or at least modifying, number of the more advanced pupils. I was informed be in a very flourishing condition.
the growth of juvenile vagrancy in the metropolis, and by Mr Aubin, the superintendant, that the introduc- My visit to the industrial school of Lady Byron at so if possible preventing subsequent crime and punishtion of simple drawing lessons on slates, besides Ealing, was much more satisfactory. Ealing a ment, occurred to a few benevolent-minded indiviamusing the children, had very greatly facilitated village in Middlesex, situated some five or six miles duals, and they forthwith organised the plan of the their progress in writing--a circumstance not at all west from Paddington, and may be reached from that Children's Friend Society, which has been liberally remarkable, for skill in drawing and writing depends outskirt of the metropolis in about fifteen minutes by supported by voluntary subscriptions from philanon the cultivation of the same imitative faculty. This the Great Western Railway. It is a neat, genteel- thropists of every class and party. The institution was the first time I had seen drawing taught fami- looking place, with a few hundreds of inhabitants, possesses two asylums-.
-one at Hackney-Wick for Karly to poor children, since my visit to the Dutch and various circumstances indicate a different condi- boys, and another at Chiswick for girls. It was the and Belgian schools in 1838.
tion of things from that which prevails at Okham. former of these which I now went to see. The industrial school with which I commenced my The school establishment here, which was begun and The establishment, which is situated near the suburb round of inquiry was that established a few years ago patronised by Lady Byron about five years ago, and of Hackney, among green fields and gardens, consists by Lord Lovelace, at Okham, near Ripley, in Surrey, served in some measure as a model to that of her of a cluster of humble edifices enclosed from the with a view to the improvement of the juvenile popu- son-in-law, Lord Lovelace, possesses nothing attrac- public thoroughfare, with a large play-ground in lation in that part of the country, and chiefly those on tive in its exterior. It is situated in a retired part the centre, and ten acres of garden and field behind. his lordship's estate. Conveyed in the first place along of the village, and originally consisted of a barn The buildings include a house for the family of the the South Western Railway, a distance of about fifteen and stable, which have been plainly altered and ren- superintendant, a school-room, a sleeping apartment, miles, and afterwards transported in a chaise a dis- dered suitable as a school and boarding house. At the in which is a long row of beds in the form of hamtance of other five miles, across a generally heathy time of my visit
, the school consisted of ninety pupils, mocks, a mess-room, and several workshops and tooland broken piece of country, we arrived at the scene all boys, whose ages averaged from nine to twelve or houses. The children, 90 in number, are dressed in a of this novel experiment in moral cultivation. A thirteen; a number were boarders from London, being plain manner with blue linen blouses, and, to appearmore appropriate region for the introduction of the committed by their parents to the charge of Mr Atley, ance, seemed a happy healthful collection of boys, schoolmaster could not well be found in England. the master, for the purpose of initiation in industrial mostly under twelve years of age. In answer to inThe farmers and peasantry in the neighbourhood are occupation, as well as ordinary branches of learning. quiries respecting the cause of their being inmates of in a state of deplorable ignorance, and, as a matter of The fee for day, scholars is 2d. per week. It hap- the asylum, I learned that some were orphans or course, are deeply prejudiced in favour of old usages pened to be a holiday when I entered the large enclo- utterly destitute children picked up from the streets, and a vegetative existence. Their houses, farm-offices, sure, but, notwithstanding this circumstance, I found others were boarded at the expense of parishes, while and style of husbandry, are, I should think, scarcely a number of the pupils busy in their gardens, and the several were of that class of juveniles usually denomian advance upon what existed in the same part of master assured me that, with few exceptions, the boys nated“ bad boys," and whose parents sent them to the country at the time of the Anglo-Saxons. They are happy to devote all their play hours to labour. this place, with the hope of removing them from the have no notion of employing any species of improved Escaping from the school-room, they hasten to the society of vicious companions, and of having them memechanism in their profession, such as thrashing-mills tool-house for their spades, and are more delighted in thodically trained under the moral discipline of the or fanners. On visiting the establishment of a farmer keeping their small patches of ground in good order, asylum. The fee charged for board and education is who had about 150 acres in crop, I found that thrash-than most boys are in pelting frogs, laying waste a 4s. 6d. per week. If the excellent rules for manageing is still entirely performed by the fail, and that parterre of flowers, or following out any other anciently ment be consistently and regularly acted upon, there the chaff is cleansed from the grain by throwing it established routine of destruction.
can be no question as to the beneficial results. The against the current of air which, in windy weather, According to the rules of the establishment, the system appeared to me to embrace much useful, blows across the floor of the barn. I venture to say land is let in patches of five and ten rods, for which healthy, and profitable industry, with correct moral that such a barbarous practice has not been heard of in rent must be regularly paid. Ten rods are let for nurture, as well as a fair share of ordinary school inScotland for at least half a century. The only existing 3d. per month, and five rods for 14d. There are at struction. One of the most important features in the amusement, or means of recreation in the neighbour- present forty tenants, the greater part of whom pos- arrangement is the variety of industrial occupation, hood, is an adjournment to the beer-pot at the nearest sess only five rods, that being a sufficiently large stripe suitable to different capacities and tastes. There are public-house.
for the management of any single boy who has not a small printing-office with a press and types, a carIt is in the midst of this intellectual desert that acquired considerable confidence and experience. The penter's shop with a bench and tools, a blacksmith's Lord Lovelace has endeavoured to introduce the crops universally grown are the same as those at shed with an anvil, hammer, and bellows, and also means of cultivation. To improve the condition of Okham-peas and potatoes—but there are likewise a shoemaking and tailoring departments, in which all the more humble class of labourers, as well as to few other things, and some of the gardens are prettily the shoes and clothes are made and mended. Each reclaim some of his waste land, his lordship has af- embellished with flowers. The boys help each other workshop is under the charge of an aged artisan who forded allotments of an acre, or half acre, to those who in their labours, which must promote much good feel acts as instructor in his craft. The printing-office are willing to cultivate patches of that extent at their ing amongst them, and train the mind to social inter is a neat little room, under the management of an old leisure hours, charging a very small annual rent. The course. I was delighted to learn that these out-of-compositor ; and here the boys print all the Reports field containing these allotments is now, I am glad to door labours, conducted, of course, under the eye of l for the institution, school tracts, and other papers. say, showing manifest signs of improvement, and its the master, have a moral tendency. No boy is ever | The out-of-door labour in the garden and field is concultivators have in almost every instance benefited by known to steal any thing from another, and no one ducted daily at fixed hours, except when the weather their industry. The rent is not more than twenty injures his neighbour's property. The dignifying renders it unsuitable. Some of the small patches, shillings for an acre, and from a piece of ground of and improving power of labour was probably never so cultivated by individual boys, did not appear to differ that dimensions, one man lately realised L.25 by his practically manifestod as in this interesting juvenile materially from what I had seen at Ealing. Along crop. The chief articles cultivated are potatoes and community. Some of the more skilled pupils reap the margin of a rivulet which winds its way through peas. At the time of my visit, the only individual at solid and immediato benefits from their industry. the premises, the young cultivators are taught to rear work was the wife of one of the renters, who had come Gentlemen in the neighbourhood, with the best mo- and manage a stock of water-cresses. a couple of miles from home to labour with a hoe on tives, purchase vegetables from them at their fair The regular duties of the day commence as early as her small potato ground. The principal drawback to market value ; and there being thus an outlet for the six o'clock; and after a certain period for school and a more rapid and effective improvement of the soil produce, no pains are spared to raise the most abun- breakfast, the boys form divisions under monitors, than these poor people can accomplish, is the want of dant crops. One boy, I was told, realised L.2, 8s. of receive their tools from the tool-house, with instrucmanure ; for the kind of husbandry by which that profit last year by his crop, and another L.2, 4s. tions from the master, and proceed in an orderly manarticle may be largely produced, is not understood or Besides gardening, the boys are taught carpentry, ner to their different appointments; the printers to acted upon in this part of the country.
and to use their hands in any other occupation their office; the carpenters, blacksmiths, shoemakers, Passing the allotment ground, we shortly arrive at that falls in their way. I was shown an outhouse and tailors, to their shops, and the agriculturists to the the enclosed field, in which the school establishment which they had built with brick and mortar, and field or gardens. At noon, the various divisions asis situated. The school-houses and dwellings for the finished in every respect except slating. This edifice semble, form a line, and proceed to the tool-house
where each boy deposits his spade, &c., in its place; a long time, the barrels stove, and their contents were attention was paid to the sufferers that pity and felgeneral monitor being responsible for all the instru- all lost for ever.
low-feeling could dictate, on board the Fame. They ments of labour being kept clean and in their proper There happened to be a cask of water lashed on the were comforted, fed, and clothed, until the 9th of places. The boys then wash themselves, are inspected quarter deck, which was saved, containing about thirty July, when they fell in with Captain Perkins of the by the master, instructed for a short time in gymnas- gallons-all the rest was lost. This lasted about brig Dromo, in the English channel, who generously tic exercises, and afterwards go to dinner. For about eighteen days, when the crew were reduced to the ne- perfected the work of goodness begun by the English an hour after dinner, they may amuse themselves in cessity of subsisting upon what rain-water they could captains, and safely carried this miserable remnant of the play-ground, or in reading books from a small catch. At the end of forty days the provisions were the Polly's crow to their native land. library kept for their use. At two o'clock, all again exhausted, and absolute famine stared them in the It is natural to inquire how they could float for so proceed to labour in the gardens or at their other em face. The first victim was Mr Paddock, the mate, long a period upon the most frequented part of the ployments, and afterwards receive lessons in school. whose exquisite distress seemed to redouble the suffer- Atlantic, without meeting a friendly sail to succour Such is something like the routine of daily occupation. ings of his companions. He was a man of a robust them? We blush to acknowledge that they were On Saturdays there is a general examination, and constitution, who had spent his life in the bank-fish- passed by more than a dozen ships, one of which came every child is washed in a tepid bath. During fine ing, had suffered many hardships, and appeared the so nigh the poor mariners that they could distinctly weather in summer, all are taught to swim in a neigh- most capable of enduring privations and fatigue of any see the people on deck and on the rigging looking at bouring canal, under the eye of the master.
of the crew. In the meridian of life, being about them; but, to the inexpressible disappointment of the From this general outline of the scope and manage-thirty-five years old, it was reasonable to suppose that helpless and miserable men, they stifled the dictates of ment of the institution, it will appear
that the main he would have been the last to have fallen a sacrifice compassion, hoisted sail, and cruelly abandoned them object of its projectors and supporters has been the to cold and hunger : but it was ordered otherwise ; to their fate.---From a collection of pieces. substitution of useful and profitable habits of industry he became delirious, and death relieved him from his for those of utter idleness and crime. It would only sufferings the fiftieth day of the shipwreck. During
HINTS ON THE PREPARATION OF be a waste of time to enlarge upon the advantages all this time the violence of the storm continued, and
COFFEE. which must follow from removing that host of young having nothing to screen them except a temporary and wretched beings with which the streets of the kind of cabin, which they had built up of boards on the The increase in the consumption of coffee that has metropolis are frequented, to an establishment like larboard side of the forecastle, they were kept almost taken place of late years, connected as it is with the this, where, by a well-considered system of religious continually drenched with sea-water
. The next who temperance movement, gives considerable interest to and moral discipline, they may be prepared for acting fell a victim to these
awful disasters was Howes, an this inquiry, which, in a chemical point of view, is also an honourable and useful part in society. That the activo young man, who likewise died delirious, and highly deserving of attention. Children's Friend Society has accomplished this de- in dreadful agony, six days after Paddock, being the The art of preparing coffee for the table consists of sirable object, as far as its means would allow, I have fifty-sixth day of the wreck. It was soon perceived three stages-roasting, grinding, and boiling; and these no manner of doubt. The only serious obstacle it has that this must shortly
be the fate of all the survivors, we shall treat individually. had to encounter, has been the proper disposal of the if water was not procured. About this time, they The mode in which coffee is roasted, unimportant children, after they have been fiited for an honest and were enabled to fish up the tea-kettle and one of the as it may appear, is of the greatest consequence as reactive course of life. The practice has been to send captain's pistols ; and necessity suggested a plan of dis- gards both the economical production and the flavour them, with their own consent, and the consent of their tillation. A piece of board was very nicely fitted to the of the beverage. Common Jamaica coffee, which has parents, if these can be found, to the Cape of Good mouth of the boiler, a small hole made in it, and the tea- been prepared in a proper manner, affords a decoction Hope, where, under the friendly care of a local com- kettle, bottom upwards, fixed to the upper side of the of greater strength and richer taste than the finest mittee, they have been bound apprentices to farmers, board; the pistol barrel was then fixed to the nose of Mocha, where the roasting has been injudiciously conor others requiring their labours, and who become the kettle, and kept cool by the constant application ducted. These results will scarcely excite surprise responsible for their correct and humane treatment. of cold water. This plan succeeded, and the survi- when the explanation is pointed out. The qualities An attempt was some time ago made to fix upon the vors, without a doubt, owed their preservation to this by which coffee is familiarly known as a beverage, are society the charge of harshness for thus expatriating simple expedient. But all the water that conld be ob- solely attributable to the effects of roasting ; when the inmates of the asylum, and no small clamour was tained by this very imperfect distillation, was an al- the raw berry is boiled, the liquid obtained has neither raised on the subject by some of the London news- lowance for five men, barely sufficient to sustain life. aroma nor exhilarating influence. These properties papers. I believe that these accusations were both The impression that there was meat enough under are ascribable to a chemical change that takes place groundless and uncharitable. The society can evi- the deck, induced them to use every exertion to obtain in this substance when exposed to the action of heat. dently have no motive for preferring a location of the it; but nothing could be got up except putrid pieces of Hence it is obvious that the value of coffee must children in one or other of the colonies, to settling bone, entirely divested of flesh. Their only sustenance essentially depend on the due regulation of the heat, to them at home, and I have no doubt that its directors now was barnacles gathered from the sides of the vessel, which its qualities as an article of diet entirely owe would be exceedingly glad to be informed how or which were ate raw, that the distilling might not be their existence. where they can comfortably and inexpensively dispose interrupted. The next food which they obtained was The rules to be observed in coffee roasting, though of them within the bounds of Britain. It is clear, a large shark, caught by means of a running bow- calculated to be a source of great saving to the conhowever, that there is no prospect of attaining this line. This was a very great relief, and produced a sumer, may be easily practised, and are referable to a useful piece of information; those who take upon second advantage ; for, while they lived upon the few plain principles. The following are the objects themselves the easy negativo duty of finding fault, shark, the barnacles were growing larger and more of these rules :being seldom inclined to give services of an active or nutritive. They likewise found many small crabs 1. To roast the coffee moderately by the action of a positive quality. I sincerely wish that the Children's among the sea-weed floating
around the wreck, and gentle and uniform heat. 2. As far as practicable, to Friend Society may continue to be supported as it which were very pleasant food. But, from the neces- roast all the particles of the berry equably, and to heat deserves ; and that by an act of the legislature, both it sity of chewing them raw, and sucking out the nourish- the interior as well as the exterior portions of the and similar institutions may be enabled to extend ment, they brought on an obstinato costiveness, which kernels. 3. To prevent, as far as possible, the escape their usefulness at home and in those colonial posses- became extremely painful, and was probably much of the volatile aroma, which is liable to be dispersed sions which offer such boundless scope for human exasperated by the want of water.
by a high temperature. These objects are attained industry.
On the 15th of March, according to their computa- by means of the following directions, namely :-1. An
tion, poor Moho, the cook, expired, evidently from equable heat is secured by using as a roaster a slowly SHIPWRECK OF THE BRIG POLLY.
want of water, though with much less distress than conducting substance ; 2. A more uniform roasting,
the others, and in the full exercise of his reason ; he by subdividing the berries; and, 3. Preservation of The brig Polly, of one hundred and thirty tons bur- very devoutly prayed, and appeared perfectly resigned. the aroma, by roasting in a partially closed vessel. den, sailed from Boston, with a cargo of lumber and The constant study of the commander of the crew The first step in preparing coffee is to disperse by provisions, on a voyage to Santa Croix, on the 12th of was now directed to the improvement of their still, evaporation the water it contains. This is effected December 1811, under the command of Captain W.L. which was made much better by the addition of by placing it in a large iron pan over a very gentle Cazneau, with a mate, four seamen, and a cook; Mr another pistol barrel, which was afterwards found. fire, and keeping it stirring until it becomes of a I. S. Hunt, and a negro girl of nine years of age, With this barrel they so far perfected the still, as yellow colour. This process is generally performed passengers. Nothing material happened until the 15th, to obtain eight junk bottles full of water in twenty- in a partially closed vessel, which prevents the free when a violent gale came on from the south-east. The four hours. But from the death of Moho till the escape of the steam. But this is an erroneous pracbrig laboured very hard, which produced a leak, that death of Johnson, which happened about the middle tice, as it causes the coffee to be scalded, or partly so gained on the pumps as to sound nearly six feet; of April, they seemed to be denied every kind of boiled in its own steam, which is believed to be very when about midnight the ship was thrown on her beam- food. The barnacles were all gone, and no friendly injurious. ends, and Mr Hunt washed overboard. Not having any gale wafted to their side the sea-weed, from which The next step is to pound the coffee into coarse reason to hope for her righting, by much exertion the they could obtain crabs or insects. It seemed as if all fragments, not too fine, each berry being broken into weather lanyards were cut away, the deck load having hope was gone for ever, and they had nothing before about four or five pieces. There cannot be a doubt been before thrown over, and the lashings all gone; in them but death, or the horrid alternative of eating that coffee which has been thus subdivided, will be about half an hour the mainmast went by the board, the flesh of their dead companion. One expedient more rapidly and more perfectly prepared than when and soon after the foremast, when she righted, though was left, which was to try to decoy a shark, if haply it is roasted whole. But consumers, generally speakfull of water, a dreadful sea making a fair breach over there might be one about the wreck, by part of the ing, will not take this trouble, but transfer the coffee her from stem to stern. In this situation the night corpse of their shipmate! This last resource suc- at once from the drying-pan to the roasting machine, wore away, and daylight found all alive except the ceeded—they caught a large shark, and from that though it must be obvious that, if the inner portions of male passenger ; and upon close search the little girl time had many fish, till their happy deliverance. Very the berries are not perfectly roasted, there will be a was found clinging to the skylight of the cabin. The fortunately, a cask of nails, which was on deck, lodged considerable waste of the material. glass and grating of the skylight having gone away in the lea-scuppers while on their beam ends ; with The next stage is that of roasting, which must be while the ship was on her beam ends, the little girl these they were enabled to fasten the shingles on their conducted in a very different manner. Instead of an was drawn through the opening, but so much chilled cabin, which, by constant improvement, had become open pan, giving a free escape to the craporation, a that she survived only a few hours. Without fire, much more commodious.
vessel must be used as nearly closed as it may be without and exposed to all the violence of the weather, the They had now drifted above two thousand miles, entirely confining the volatile products. During the crew remained about twelve days, when the cook, an and were in latitude 28 degrees north, and longitude process of drying, nothing but watery vapour and a Indian from Canton, near Boston, suggested the ope- 13 degrees west, when, to their unspeakable joy, they useless acid is given out, both of which it is desirable ration of rubbing two sticks together, which suc- saw three ships bearing down upon them. One of the to dissipate ; during roasting, on the other hand, the ceeded. Very fortunately, the cambose did not go over- ships hailed, which Captain Cazneau answered as well fine aroma of the coffee begins to be given out, and it board with the deck load ; thuis was got to windward, as his remaining strength would allow. The ship is essential to prevent its dispersion as far as is consistent a fire kindled, and some provisions cooked, which, which hailed proved to be the Fame of Hull, Captain with the escape of other vapours. except raw pork, were the first they had yet tasted Featherstone, bound from Rio Janeiro home. It so The heat to which the coffee is exposed, should be They now got up a barrel of pork, part of a barrel happened that the three captains had dined together gentle and uniform. With this view, Dr Donovan of beef, and one half-barrel of beef.' A small nig had that day, and were all on board the Fame. These per recommends that the roaster should be made of some been saved alive, which they now dressed, not having sons immediately sent a boat, which put an end to the substance which conducts heat slowly, and which any thing to feed it with. But at this time no appre dreadful thraldom of Captain Cazneau and Samuel therefore serves to moderate and intercept the sudden bension was entertained of suffering for want of food, Badger, the only surviving persons, who wero received variations of temperature which occur in the fire by there being understood to be several barrels of meat by these humane Englishuinen with the greatest kind- which it is heated. On this ground, glass is found to stowed in the run, and upwards of one hundred under ness. In this manner were these two miserable beings answer well, while the common iron roaster is less deck.
Under this im ion, the peop ised the rescued from their perilous situation, after a series of efficient, iron being a good conductor. But an appaprovisions very imprudently, till they discovered that distresses from December 15th till the 20th of June, ratus is described by Dr Donovan, which unites the the stern post was gone ; and the gale continuing for a | a period of one hundred and ninety-one days ! Every slow conducting powers of glass with the durability
of metal, and is very simple in its structure. It con- the reformation of the poor, by presenting to them a in them to attempt any reform? What is to rebuke sists of two iron cylinders, one within the other, with beverage, which, though free from intoxicating qua- political time-serving, religious fanaticism, or social the space of about half an inch between them. The lities, enables them more readily to dispense with folly, if no one has the independence to protest against air which occupies this space-air being a very bad ardent spirits. The more palatable and inviting this them! Look at it in a larger view. What barrier is conductor of heat-gives to this roaster the properties beverage is rendered, the more efficient will it prove there against the universal despotism of public opinion of a non-conductor, and protects the coffee, which is as an auxiliary in the great cause of moral reforma- | in this country, but individual freedom? Who is to placed in the inner cylinder, from abrupt changes of tion. With these views, it may be remarked that stand up against it here but the possessor of that lofty heat.
the preceding processes do not appear to be either too independence! There is no king, no sultan, no noble, The roaster is hung on an axis in a frame with a abstruse for the understanding, or too costly for the no privileged class; nobody else to stand against it. close cover, and a winch to turn it horizontally over means, even of the very humblest classes. No two If you yield this point, if you are for ever making the fire. T'he inner cylinder should never be filled things can differ more widely from each other than compromises, if all men do this, if the entire policy of more than one-third, as the coffee swells very much coffee as it is usually drank by the poor, and the same private life here is to escape opposition and reproach, by heat.
substance prepared with care and good sense. every thing will be swept bencath the popular wave. The next point to determine is when the coffee has But there is another advantage, and that by no There will be no individuality, no hardihood, no high been sufficiently roasted. On this subject, it seems means a trifling one, which would result could the and stern resolve, no self-subsistence, no fearless digthat the best test is the loss of weight. If it be found “good wives" of our labouring classes be induced to nity, no glorious manhood of mind, left among us. to weigh one-fifth less than it did before it was put give a little of their time to acquiring skill in coffee. The holy heritage of our fathers' virtues will be trodinto the roasting-pan, it may be considered to be well making. Not only would their husbands drink a den under foot by their unworthy children. They prepared. Change of colour to a bright chocolate is better bererage, but they would drink it at home. The feared not to stand up against kings and nobles, and sometimes adopted as a proof of complete roasting, liquid which is served out to the labouring classes in parliament and people. "Better did they account it, but it is not to be relied upon. The retailers are in the common coffee-shops in the metropolis, is a coarse that their lonely bark should sweep the wide sea in the habit of roasting their coffee too little, because by and repulsive draught, extracted from bad coffee still freedom_happier were they when their sail swelled the loss of weight their profit is diminished : hence worse prepared—deprived of all the aroma it ever to the storm of winter-than to be slaves in palaces of the consumer is a loser in two ways; he has to pay possessed by protracted boiling upon a large scale, ease. Sweeter to their ear was the music of the gale a higher price from the heaviness of the article, and and probably rendered extremely unwholesome by the that shrieked in their broken cordage, than the voice the coffee being imperfectly roasted, he must use more excess of the bitter principle. Were our housewives at home that said, “Submit, and you shall have rest.' of it to obtain a decoction of the proper strength. This to learn to prepare a more palatable and healthy be- And, when they reached this wild shore, and built shows the importance of preparing coffee at home to verage by their own firesides, they would be abun- their altar, and knelt upon the frozen snow and the those who would use it with economy. Moreover, it dantly repaid. They would add another link to the flinty rock to worship, they built that altar to freedom, is to be observed, that roasted coffee is much injured chain which binds men to their homes ; they would to individual freedom, to freedom of conscience and by keeping even for a short time; it is better, there materially diminish the temptations to intemperance opinion; and their noble prayer was, that their chilfore, to roast it only in small quantities as it is wanted to which their partners are exposed; and would there- dren might be thus free. Let their sons remember for use.
by render no trivial service to their husbands, their the prayer of their extremity, and the great bequest The next stage is that of grinding. The coffee children, and themselves.
which their magnanimity has left us. Let them beshould be ground immediately before it is used : the
ware how they become entangled again in the yoke of common practice of keeping it ready ground is a wasteful one.
TERROR OF PUBLIC OPINION.
bondage. Let the ministers at God's altar, let the If exposed to the air, much of its
guardians of the press, let all sober and thinking men, aroma is dispersed, and even if kept in close vessels, it Every traveller who returns from the United States speak the thought that is in them. It is better to seems that it is apt to undergo internal decomposition : of America expresses his astonishment at the remark- speak honest error than to suppress conscious truth. the popular idea that it remains uninjured if kept in able tyranny of public opinion, which by universal con- Smothered error is more dangerous than that which a closely corked bottle, is therefore a fallacy.
sent prevails in that country. No one, it appears, flames and burns out. But do I speak of danger ? I The coffee should be ground as fine as possible, as dares to take a decided stand against popular senti- know of but one thing safe in the universe, and that thereby its essential properties are more easily ex- ment, no matter how absurd or false it may chance to is truth. And I know of but one way to truth for an tracted by boiling : the importance of shortening the be; so that, while no nation on the face of the earth individual mind, and that is unfettered thought. And time of boiling will appear more clearly from what is so cirilly free, none is so socially enslared. Orville I know but one path for the multitude to truth, and follows.
Dewey, in an excellent work, entitled “ Moral Views that is thought, freely expressed. Make of truth itself Coffee, when roasted, contains two substances—one of Commerce, Society, and Politics” (New York, 1838), an altar of slavery, and guard it about with a mystehighly volatile, which gives to it its peculiar aromatic exposes and denounces this peculiarity in the social rious shrine-bind thought as a victim upon it, and flavour, and a pungent and exhilarating principle of a condition of his countrymen, in the following well-set let the passions of the prejudiced multitude minister more fixed nature. This makes the process of boiling terms :
fuel—and you sacrifice upon that accursed altar the a matter of some nicety. If the coffee be boiled too “ The greatest of all dangers here, as I conceive, is hopes of the world !”. long, the rolatile aroma is dispersed ; if boiled only that of general pusillanimity, of moral cowardice, of It would be a matter of curious inquiry how far for a short time, the pungent or stimulating property losirrg a proper and manly independence of character. the foregoing observations applied to the state of is only partially extracted. A medium must there- | I think that I see something of this in our very man- society in this country. fore be adopted, and the coffee must be acted upon for ners, in the hesitation, the indirectness, the cautious a sufficient period to extract a reasonable portion of and circuitous modes of speech, the eye asking assent
AN OBSCURE MAN OF GENIUS. the latter, without a serious waste of the former qua. before the tongue can finish its sentence. I think that lity. It is for this reason that grinding the coffee fine in other countries you oftener meet with men who We believe there are few country towns in Scotland acts beneficially, as the fixed stimulating property stand manfully and boldly up, and deliver their opi- in which may not be found individuals pursuing a may in that case be extracted with less boiling, and nion without asking or caring what you or others humble profession, but possessing abilities of the first may therefore be united in a higher degree with the think about it. It may, sometimes, be rough and order, skilful in some intricate art, and yet whose rearoma. If the berries are reduced to a very fine harsh ; but, at any rate, it is independent. Observe, putation can scarcely be said to be known ten miles powder, a very trifling boiling will extract all their too, in how many relations, political, religious, and distant from their home. We have happened to know virtues.
social, a man is liable to find bondage instead of free- several of these“ geniuses," as they are ordinarily The clearing of coffee is as carefully attended to by dom.' If he wants office, he must attach himself to a termed-one had an extraordinary knack at making consumers as proper boiling; indeed, the “percolators party, and then his eyes must be sealed in blindness, and mending locks, another made fire-arms of firstwhich is in common use may be said in a great mea- and his lips in silence, towards all the faults of his rate quality, a third was good at cuckoo clocks, a sure to sacrifice the latter object to the foriner. This party. He may have his eyes open, and he may see fourth was an extraordinary adept at cork-screws, instrument, which was invented by Count Rumford, much to condemn, but he must say nothing. If he and so on with several others. We find a notice of á is nothing else than a strainer, or filter, on which the edits a newspaper, his choice is often between bondage self-taught genius of this stamp in the Falkirk Magacoffee is placed; boiling water is poured upon it, and and beggary; That may actually be the choice, though zine, a periodical of considerable merit (1827), confiltered through the coffee and the strainer. The he does not know it. He may be so complete a slave ducted by a young man of ability, Mr Robert Keir liquid thus obtained is cleared indeed ; but as the that he does not feel the chain. His passions may be himself an example of modest merit, but who was precoffee has not been boiled, but merely subjected to in- so enlisted in the cause of his party, as to blind his maturely removed from this earthly scene. fusion, only a portion of its strength is extracted, and discrimination and destroy all comprehension and “ John Gibson, as this man of genius was named, was before the filtering is complete, the beverage has be- capability of independence. So it may be with the a native of Jedburgh. At an early age he was bound come cooled. These objections have led to artificial religious partisan." He knows, perhaps, that there are apprentice to a clock and watch maker of that place. methods of clearing, such as the addition of fish-skin, errors in his adopted creed, faults in his sect, fanati- After the expiry of his apprenticeship, he came to isinglass, &c. Latterly, there have been several me- cism and extravagance in some of its measures. See Kelso and began business for himself. Being in a chanical inventions for preparing coffee speedily for if you get him to speak of them. See if you can get delicate state of health, he resided for some time in the table-among others we may mention “ Platow's him to breathe a whisper of doubt. No; he is always the neighbourhood of the town for the benefit of free Patent Automaton Coffee Urn," and the “ Pneumatic believing. He has a convenient phrase that covers up air, and soon began to be known as a singular chaCoffee-pot ;" but of the actual value of these we are all difficulties in his creed. He believes it for sub racter. Many ignorant and superstitious people were unable to pronounce any opinion. It must always be stance of doctrine. Or, if he is a layman, perhaps he persuaded that he was possessed of the second sight. recollected that extreme speed may be procured at a does not believe it at all. What, then, is his conclu- | He was therefore frequently consulted as an oracle sacrifice of Alavour, and this must be carefully guarded sion? Why, he has friends who do believe it ; and about future destinies, and also about stolen goods. against. The liquid extract of coffee evidently re. he does not wish to offend them. And so he goes on, His responses in general gave great satisfaction. He quires a certain length of time to mellow before it be listening to what he does not believe ; outwardly ac- predicted for the most part with accuracy, and confit for use in an agreeable form.
quiescing, inwardly remonstrating; the slave of fear cealed pilfered articles were often recovered by his From the foregoing explanations, it will appear that or fashion, never daring, not once in his life daring, to sagacity. In a short time, however, the superiority of the art of preparing coffee for the breakfast-table is speak out openly the thought that is in him. Nay, he his genius was known and admired by many intellinot to be understood without some attention. But, sees men suffering under the weight of public repro- gent gentlemen. He now took up his residence in on the other hand, the degree of attention required is bation for the open espousal of the very opinions ke Kelso, where he made many clocks upon improved so trilling, that it would assuredly be well bestowed, holds, and he has never the generosity or manliness principles, which are now regarded as mechanical especially considering the interesting nature of the to say, 'I think so too. Nay, more ; by the course he curiosities. Optics had long been his favourite study. subject. Far more toil and time are daily given to pursues he is made to cast his stone-or he holds it in He now commenced optician, and constructed reflectother culinary processes which probably merit them his hand at least, and lets another arm apply the force ing telescopes, which he sold at from two to five guineas. less, and much more trouble is spent, both by the necessary to cast it-at the very men who are suffering He also constructed achromatic prospects on the plan higher and lower classes, on mere trifles, which con- a sort of martyrdom for his own faith!
of Mr Dolland, and in a short time surpassed the tributo less both to their enjoyment and recreation I am not now advocating any particular opinions. great inventor. He made one of these prospects, than studies of this nature ; whilst on the processes of I am only advocating a manly freedom in the expres- mounted in the most beautiful style, for Sir John the distiller-pernicious as they are for the most part sion of those opinions which a man does entertain. Peter, then enroy at the court of St Petersburg. The in their results to the best interests of society-capital And if those opinions are unpopular, I hold that in magnifying power was 150, and the diameter of the and scientific skill have been profusely employed. The this country there is so much the more need of an open object glass was six inches. The instrument, with all subject of these remarks can scarcely be considered as and independent expression of them. Look at the its apparatus, cost 100 guineas. When Sir John less deserving of investigation ; regard being paid to case most seriously, I beseech you. What is ever to returned to Russia, he presented it to the Empress the ends to which it may be rendered subservient, the correct the faults of society, if no one lifts his voice Catherine, who was so charmed with it, that she sent coffee berry is no ignoble topic of investigation. "Mi- against them- if every one goes on openly doing what Mr Gibson an urgent invitation to come to St Petersnistering as it does to the luxuries of the rich, it seems every one privately complains ofif all shrink behind burg, with a promise of patronage. The delicate destined to fulfil the higher office of contributing to the faint-hearted apology, that it would be over-bold state of his health obliged him to decline her generous
sparrow could be
BY SWYNFEX JERVIS.
offer. Mr Gibson next exercised his ingenuity by that wealth and parental love can bestow, who is more YANKEE PERSEVERANCE. The following little making a prospect of the same size and price for the contented and cheerful, or to whom existence seems a anecdote, which we cut from the Boston Post, would Duke of Roxburghe, through which, in a clear day, a greater blessing, than it does to this bereaved creature, have done honour to Sam Slick, had he been the sub
on the roof of Berwick steeple, for whom the sun has no light, the air no sound, and ject of it : at a distance of twenty-four miles. the flowers no colour or smell.”
An itinerant map-seller went into a merchant's Mr Gibson made the Irish pipes upon an improved
counting-room near our office the other day, and asked plan, on which he played with exquisite skill and
the occupant if he wished to purchase a map. “No," taste. His tone and execution were reckoned no way
INSCRIPTION FOR A CEMETERY,
was the tart reply. “Will you look at one?” “No; inferior to those of the most celebrated pipers. He
I have more of my own than I have time to examine ?" was a self-taught musician, played upon a great variety
The grave, whatever thy degree,
you allow me to look at yours, then ?" “ Yes; of instruments, and never received a lesson from a
Thy final resting-place must be.
there they hang.” “Well, while I am looking at yours, master. Mr Short's reflecting telescope, in the obser
What matters it, if few or more
I'll just unroll mine—that, you know, won't hurt any vatory, Calton Hill, Edinburgh, had been rendered use
If we upon the roll of fame
body.” So the map-vender displayed several of his less, owing to a spot of rust upon the larger speculum.
Left an imperishable name,
best at full length upon the counter, and then quietly No optician in the metropolis would undertake to re
Or in some silent, safe retreat
commenced looking at the merchant's which hur move it. A gentleman from Kelso recommended Mr
Escaped the turmoil and the heat, Gibson, who successfully removed the rusty spot, and
The stir, the struggle, and the strife,
against the wall. After making a few observati That make the sum of human life?
about some curious water-falls, caves, &c., at pi at the same time greatly improved the instrument, for
Of all the family of man,
which he traced out upon the map before him, he which he received a remuneration of fifty guineas.
Since first the sons of earth began
managed to engage the merchant's attention, and at Mr Gibson, some years before his death, visited
To make this glorious world a stage
last referred to his own map, lying on the counter, London, and received a very kind reception from Mr
For rapine, blood, and lawless rage,
for a more perfect illustration of his description, and Dolland, who humorously told him that his ears
But that they lived, and loved, and died !
finally so much interested the auditor that he bought had been stunned for some time past with the fame
Of this be certain : 'tis the doom
three different maps, at six dollars each, of the pedlar, of a wild fellow about the Cheviot Hills, who excelled
Of all, within the quiet tomb. all the opticians in London in making achromatic
To find, life's dangerous quicksands past,
and very politely asked him to call again when he got A shelter and a home at last !
out a new edition. prospects, and that he (Mr Dolland) was glad to see
A TRAVELLER.-As we were about leaving the hotel at the artist,
Philadelphia this morning, there seemed some delay from As a mechanic, in the execution of any piece of CUTTINGS FROM AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS.
a passenger in the third story. Pretty soon, we heard a work, Mr Gibson was unrivalled. He melted and
ELOQUENCE.—The following is an extract from a
sharp altercation up stairs, followed by the appearance of refined the glass for his own purposes. In reasoning
a short fat man with a red face, who preceded a negra upon optical and astronomical topics , few were å speech delivered by a member of the Indiana legisla- with an armful of boots. The
short fat man hobbled to match for him. In his actions he was sharp, in his ture, on a bill to encourage the killing of wolves, which the bar ; and in a sort of ominous whisper, as though conceptions quick. He possessed a most retentive in sublimity has seldom been surpassed :
he took some credit for not being in a towering passion, memory, understood every subject at first sight, and "Mr Speaker-The wolf is the most ferocious ani- said, made such progress in the Latin language by his own mal that prowls in our western prairies, or runs at “ Landlord, where are MY BOOTS ?" application alone, that he could translate with ease large in the forests of Indiana. He creeps from his “ Why, really, sir, I—what number were they?" Lewenhoeck’s · Arcana Naturæ,' an author of whom lurking place at the hour of midnight, when all nature
" What has that to do with it?" said the fat man, behe was extremely fond. This ingenious man died in is locked in the silent embraces of Morpheus; and ere ginning to get excited. “ I don't know the number; I September 1795."
the portals of the east are unbarred, or bright Phæbus believe they were 8, with low heels and pegged.” rises in all his golden majesty, whole litters of pigs are
Ah, you mistake; what is the number of your room?"
“ Forty-five.” LAURA BRIDGMAN-A DEAF, DUMB, destroyed."
“ And did you put the number on your boots, when AND BLIND GIRL.
WILLIAM TELL OUTDONE.-We learn from a paper, you took them off?"
published in Northern Pennsylvania, at some time “ What have I to do with marking boots ? Do you In a lately published Report of the Massachusetts since a feat was performed in Ridgebury, Bradford think I carry a bottle of ink in my pocket to prevent my Institution for the Blind, there appear some interest-county, which throws that of Williain Téll into the boots being stolen ?" ing details respecting a pupil, named Laura Bridgman, shade. A man named Lathorp Baldwin, with a rifle,
“ But there was a piece of chalk on the stand where who was placed in the establishment a few years since, shot an apple from the head of Thomas Fox, at eighủ you took them of me in the deplorable condition of being blind, deaf, and teen yards' distance. There was no cap on Fox's head, “I'll tell you what, landlord, this wont do. The simple
“ A piece of thunder and lightning !" said the other. dumb. She had been in this state of deprivation ever his hair was combed down smooth, and the apple was question is, Where are my boots ? I took them off in this since she was little more than a year old, and there a small one. Both were somewhat in their cups.- house, and you are responsible for them. That's law all fore possessed no knowledge whatever except what it Buffalo Coinmercial Adrertiser.
over the world.” had been possible to communicate through the senses of feeling and taste. Being introduced to the school of ducked by a parcel of boys for whipping his wife, sued
VIRGINIA JUSTICE.-A fellow in Virginia, who was
“ Carriage waiting," said the driver.
“Let it wait,” said the fat man. “Suppose I can go the institution, a methodic plan of instruction was
without my boots ?" commenced by means of the tangible alphabet for the them for damages. The boys were very properly sen
“ Here be one pair that wern't marked," said the black; blind, which led to the most agreeable and surprising tenced to duck him again.
are them um ? results. The extent of her intellectual and moral
UNPRODUCTIVE LAND.—A New Jersey paper states “ Them um, you rascal, why they are an inch too short, advancement will be learned from the following ex
that there are lands in that state which will not support and the hecls are two inches high." tract from the Report :
three whippoor-wills to an acre, any way you can fix “ Carriage waiting, and the boat will leave if I wait any “ The intellectual improvement of this interesting it, under the best cultivation. He of the Boston Times longer," shouted the driver, while we in the carriage being, and the progress she has made in expressing her says that these must be like some lands in New were all urging him to start. ideas, are truly gratifying. She uses the manual Hampshire, which the owners are obliged to fence, in The fat man gasped for breath. .“ Landlord, I again alphabet of the deaf mutes with great facility and great order to keep their cows from going on and starving ! ask, WHERE ARE MY BOOTS ?” rapidity; she has increased her vocabulary so as to A DISTINCTIOX.- A dry-goods dealer in Bangor,
" Why, really, sir, I"
“ Go, or not?" said the driver. comprehend the names of all common objects ; she had, by his conduct, obtained the name of " the little
The short man seized the unmarked boots, and strained uses adjectives expressive of positive qualities, such as rascal.”. Being
asked why this appellation had been and pulled till he got them on, and, groaning as though hard, soft, sweet, sour, &c. ; verbs expressive of action, given him, he replied, “Io distinguish me from the his feet were in a vice, as give, take, ride, run, &c., in the present, past, and rest of my neighbours, who are all great rascals !” “ I'll tell you what it is, landlord, I call all these people future tense ; she connects adjectives with nouns to YANKEE DINNERS.-Baked beans, it is said, form to witness" express their qualities ; she introduces verbs into sen
now the only decidedly fashionable meal for Sabbath “ Carriage starting," said the bystanders. tences, and connects them by conjunctions ; for in- noon in “ Bosting.” Whether they wash them down
The fat man started too, and was just getting into the stance, a gentleman having given her an apple, she with any thing stronger than “lasses and water," the coach, when the black touched his coat tail, saying, said, Man gice Laura sveet apple. informant said not ; but it seems to be not altogether
* Remember the servant, sir." She can count to high numbers ; she can add and unlikely, as a minister in “ them parts” has computed
“ Yes," said the other, turning round and laying his subtract small numbers.
cane over the waiter's head, “take that, and that, and that he “ has preached regularly every Sabbath afterBut the most gratifying acquirement which she has noon to fifty-five bushels and three pecks of baked try and see if you can remember me, and my boots, too."
After we reached the boat, and for a long time, the fat made, and the one which has given her the most de- beans, while their owners were mostly asleep.” man secmed lost in a reverie, looking at his new boots. light, is the power of writing a lcgible hand, and express- INDUSTRY AND PERSEVERANCE.-We have the in- I once heard him mutter, “ After all, if I get the heels ing her thoughts upon paper; she writes with a pencil formation from undoubted authority, that an indivi- cut off, they wont be so very uncomfortable, and mine in a grooved line, and makes her letters clear and dual in Braintree has bottomed, during the past year, did leak a little." distinct.
950 pairs of men's thick boots, 150 pairs of boys' thick Thus may we draw comfort from the worst of ills, for She was sadly puzzled at first to know the meaning boots, and 80 pairs of brogans ; read two weekly news- what is worse than losing one's boots when the carriage the idea dawned upon her mind, that by means of it papers
, with pamphlets, magazines, &c., besides 21,000 is waiting, and the boat about to start ? she could convey intelligence 'to her mother, her pages of the Library. We boldly ask, who has done better?-Quincy Patriot.
THE HOSTILITY OF POPULAR PREJUDICE TO THE delight was unbounded. She applied herself with THE BENEFIT OF ADVERTISING.-A merchant in one
DEVELOPEMENT OF SCIENCE. great diligence, and in a few months actually wrote a
There is no great improvement which has ever been legible letter to her mother, in which she conveyed of our northern cities lately put an advertisement in information of her being well, and of her coming home a paper, headed “ Boy wanted.” The next morning he proposed or effected, no discovery of art or science, whe
found á bandbox on Iris door step, with this inscrip- ther affecting the physical or mental condition of mankind, in ten weeks. It was, indeed, only the skeleton of a lotter, but still expressed in legible characters a
tion on the top, "How will this one answer ?" On but has met with opposition to its developement; if, therevague outline of the ideas which were passing in her opening it, he found a nice, fat, chubby-looking speci- fore, those discoveries which the last century has promind. She was very impatient to have the man earry
men of the article he wanted, warmly done up in duced, and which touch so lightly the habits and manners flannel !
of the million, have, before reaching their present perfecthis letter, for she supposed that the utmost limit of
tion, had to struggle not only with the imperfect knowthe Post-Office department was to employ a man to MISSISSIPPI.-A very able writer in the Piney ledge which the first discoverers had of their principle, but run backward and forward between our institution Woods Planter, states the interest on banking capital the active opposition and lazy ignorance of the multiand the different towns where the pupils live, to fetch paid by the people of Mississippi at 16,128,000 dollars tude, with how much more fervour has that opposition and carry letters.
per annum." His enumeration of the various classes becn displayed when science has dared to meddle with She has improved very much in personal appearance of inhabitants is singular. He says there are in the the ignorance of antiquated custom! We all remember as well as in intellect; her countenance beams with state thirty-five thousand free white male citizens over when the illumination of the streets by gas was comintelligence ; she is always active at study, work, or twenty-one years of age-of this number he estimates menced, the fears, the apprehensions that were raised
the very watchmen, who seldom thought at all, trod the play; she never repines, and most of her time is gay that one thousand are engaged in mixing liquor, seven
pavement with fear and terror. It was known that tubes and frolicsomo. hundred and fifty in making paper money, about one
of inflammable and poisonous air were carried under the She is now very expert with her needle, she knits thousand in the laudable occupation of pleading law, streets ; it was prognosticated that London
would be lost, very easily, and can make twine bags and various fancy expounding the Scriptures, manufacturing pills, and
as the agent of fire and pestilence was brought to every articles very prettily. She is very docile, has a quick teaching the young idea how to shoot-the aggregate man's door.- Polytechnic Journal. sense of propriety, dresses herself with great neatness, number of idlers is estimated at three thousand six and is always correct in her deportment. In short, it hundred and forty, leaving thirty-one thousand threo would be difficult to find a child in the possession of hundred and sixty persons engaged in agriculture, London Perblished with permission of the proprietors, by W.S. all her senses, and the enjoyment of the advantages commerce, and the mechanic arts.
men.-Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.