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TONIS AD RESTO MARE.

TONY'S ADDRESS TO MARY.

FIRST PRACTICAL DISCOVERY OF STEAM.

Mihi his vetas an ne se,

Illuc Ionicus.

inducement to submit to that bodily exercise in which ting the spirits in a glow, actually forget their complaints, of their laughter, there were heard great hammerings, it is always our object to engage our patients. and feel that, for that evening or morning, as the case and filings, and fizzings, in the workshops of Watt and It has been objected to the employment of the insane may be, they are uncommonly well? Now, these persons, Boulton; and presently that mighty monster, a steam

engine, was seen pulling up buckets of water and heaps of in workshops, that it is not so beneficial as exercise instead of taking a black draught," as they very com

ore out of the earth, and turning a thousand spindles in in the open air. This we readily admit. But the monly do (for the pretty colours in the druggist's front

our factories. It has become locomotive, has mounted question lies between occupation and idleness. The window are by no means common to his nauseous stock), weather is not at all times propitious for out-of-door should take some far less melancholy medicine. It should the roads and the ships prepared for it, and is now flying

not be material physic, but a wholesome, cheerful philo- from town to town, and country to country, with us and labour, and even when it is, there are patients whosophy.-The Table-Talker, or Brief Essays on Society our concerns, in a manner so wonderful, that we shall cannot be induced to engage in it. In these circum- and Literature. 1840.

soon fnd ourselves past wondering at any thing. Do we stances, large well-ventilated workshops are of the

not ride at the rate of thirty miles an hour, and grumble utmost advantage. In corroboration of this, we may

LITERARY CURIOSITY.

at such a snail's space-step over to America in ten mention, that some of our patients who could not be In a late newspaper we find the following droll poetic days, and think it about five too long-and hear news izduced to work in the garden, have become indus- effusion in dog Latin, with a translation into English. from the East Indies in little more than a month! Well trious weavers; and so anxious are they for employ- The Latin is an Address to the Sea, and the English an done, Englishmen! as our fathers said, so say we-that ment, that they will work one-half of the day in the Address to Mary.

is pretty well for another fit.- William Howitt. open air to be allowed to spend the other in the weaving-room. Nor, because we have workshops, do O Mare, æva si forme,

Oh, Mary, heave a sigh for me,

In the year 1605, Florence Rivault, a gentleman of the we force or induce all to engage themselves continually Forme ure tonitru,

For me, your Tony true ;

bedchamber to Henri IV., and the preceptor of Louis

I am become as a man dumbin them. On the contrary, we make it a rule, that lambecum as amandum,

Olet Hymen promptu ! O let Hymon prompt you!

XIII., discovered that an iron ball, or bomb, with very when the weather permits, every one shall be engaged

My eye is vet as any sea,

thick walls, and filled with water, exploded sooner or for a certain time daily in the garden or airing-grounds. As humano erebi;

As you may know hereby ; later when thrown into the fire, if the steam generated Besides the patients of the lower classes who are Olet mecum marito te,

O let me come, Mary, to tea, were prevented from escaping. The power of steam was employed in out-door occupations, those of superior Or Eta, Beta, Pi.

Or eat a bit o' pie.

here demonstrated by a precise proof, which, to a certain rank have been induced to betake themselves to the Alas! plano more meretrix, Alas! play no more merry tricks, point, was susceptible of numerical appreciation, whilst, healthful exercise of manual labour in the open air,

Mi ardor vel uno;

My ardour vell you know; at the same time, it revealed itself as a dreadful means and by their exertions, some of the grounds have been inferiam ure arte is base ; In fear I am your heart is base ; of destruction.— Newspaper paragraph.

Tolerat me urebo.

Tolerate me, your beau. laid down anew. Thus, one disadvantage under which

Paragraphs of this nature, relative to various discoveries Ah me! ve ara scilicet, Ah me! ve are a silly set, patients of the better classes have in other establish

in the arts, are very common in newspapers. Nobody To laudu vimen tuus ;

To lazd you vimen thus ; ments been allowed to main, has been obviated. Hiatu as arandum sex,

I hate you as a random sex,

doubts that the power of steam was understood by thouThe various means by which this was effected, it

Ill luck I only curse.

sands of persons before it was ultimately known for any effective purpose,

and therefore no credit whatever is due would be too tedious to mention here. Suffice it to Heu! sed heu ! vexen imago, You said, you vixen, I may go,

to such persons as M. Rivault. In our opinion, no merit say, that by the force of example, by holding out

Mi mises, mare sta;

My missus Mary, stay ;
O cantu redit in mihi!
0, can't you read it my eye?

can justly be given to discoverers, unless they can make motives likely to operate on the character of the indi

Hibernus arida.
I burn as arid hay.

their discovery to be of some practical use to mankind, vidual, nay, even in some cases by a simple appeal to

A veri vafer heri si,

A very vafer, here I sigh, or at least bring its value distinctly before the public. their reason, the task has been accomplished, and the Mihi resolves indu,

My eye resolves in dew. effect has been most beneficial. Totius olet Hymen cum, To tie us, oh let Hymen come!

EQUALITY OF HAPPINESS. The means of mental improvement, through the Accepta tonitru.

Accept a Tony true.

Nor is it to be imagined that the happiness of the inmedium of rational and harmless amusements, have

HOW TO ENTER UPON A SCIENTIFIC PURSUIT.

dividuals who are subjected to despotic government, is also been increased, while, at the same time, we have taken care that they be as much as possible suited to student's first endeavours ought to be to prepare his

In entering upon any scientific pursuit, one of the necessarily sacrificed during the effort of nature to throw

off the load which oppresses it. The same improvidence the rank and taste of each class of patients. Books, mind for the reception of truth, by dismissing, or at

and disregard of the future, which is the immediate journals, and newspapers, have been amply supplied ; least loosening his hold on, all such crude and hastily

cause of the growth of a redundant population, afford and in the evening, after the labour and exercises of adopted notions respecting the objects and relations he

sources of enjoyment to the individual unknown in civithe day, the patients may be seen in the well-lighted is about to examine, as may tend to embarrass or mis- lised life, and soften the stroke of suffering to a degree parlours, billiard-room, and galleries, cheerfully em lead him; and to strengthen himself by something of an

which can hardly be conceived in more prosperous states.

It is by supposing the subjects of such governments acployed in reading, playing backgammon, cards, or bil- effort and a resolve, for the unprejudiced admission of liards, or solacing themselves and their companions any conclusion which shall appear to be supported by tuated with our feelings, desires, and habits, that their with the flute, the violin, or the piano-forte. careful observation and logical argument, even should it condition appears so unhappy. We forget that nature

has accommodated the human mind to all the circumThis is no exaggerated account, drawn up to please prove of a nature adverse to notions he may have pre

stances in which mankind can be placed, under the the imagination or gratify the feelings of the philan- viously formed for himself, or taken up, without examithropist? " " The facts now stated, may be daily and nation, on the credit of others. Such

an effort is, in fact
, and that instincts and gratifications

to us unknown, com

, nightly seen in the asylum; and we have only to appeal forms one of the most important ends of all science. It pensate to them for the want of those enjoyments which to those who, in their official capacity, have seen the is the first movement of approach towards that state of

to us appear indispensable. The country of Europe institution lighted up in the evening, and call on them mental purity which alone can fit us for a full and steady Ireland; and Persia is the dynasty of the east where

where distress appears in its more aggravated forın is to declare, whether it did not appear a scene of peace- perception of moral beauty as well as physical adapta: desolation and misrule have longest prevailed : yet every ful pleasure, rather than the abode of those afflicted tion. It is the euphrasy and rue" with which we must with the most distressing of all human calamities."

"purge our sight" before we can receive and contem- person who has visited the former country, has observed plate as they are the lineaments of truth and nature. the uniform cheerfulness and joyous habits of the peaSir John Herschel.

santry; a very competent observer has expressed a doubt, DRUG-TAKING,

whether the people of Persia do not enjoy life as much Unhealthy people depend far too much on the druggist's

PROGRESS OF MODERN TRAVELLING.

as in the more civilised and laborious states of Europe ; shop. This perhaps would not be if it were recollected, Our fathers were—and that within the memory of the purity of domestic life, and simplicity of manners in

and the able author, who has demonstrated that it is in as it ought to be, that the pain and disagreeableness of men-contented to convey their goods from town to ill-health result from our perceptions of these things, and town on pack-horses. Narrow roads, which barely ad

the east, that the real antidote to the whole political not from the things themselves. Those who go into mitted a string of these beasts, burdened with the needs found, has confidently asserted the opinion, that the

evils to which they have so long been subjected is to be battles know that in the heat of conflict men receive the of many towns, ran on over hill and dale, and often were most serious and painful wounds, which they do not so found worn deep between steep banks, by the persever

average amount of human happiness and virtue is not much as find out until the hurry and excitement of the ing traffic of ages, and overhung by trees which had danced and sung in the midst of the political evils which

less in the east than the west. The French peasantry fight are over. Now, one-half of the ill-health which spontaneously sprung and

grown over them, rendering led to the revolution ; and even under the horrors of the annoys people in the atmosphere of London, and with them cool and pleasant. But the affairs of our worthy West Indian slavery, the evening assemblies of the negroes London habits, is just of that kind from the perception of ancestors became sensibly on the increase. The string present a specimen of temporary felicity rarely witnessed which they might escape. I am no doctor in the pulse- of pack-horses slowly progressing over the wolds and feeling and tongue-inspecting signification of the word; through forests, were found not equal to the demands of freedom from anxiety, the sweetness of momentary grati

amidst the freedom or luxury of their oppressors. The but i have reason to believe that the most intelligent commercial exchange and speed;

and they set their wits fication, the relaxations from labour which result from the among my very esteemed friends who practise the healing to work, and lo! Pickford's and Pettifor's waggons, and art are very well aware of the great importance of turning others, their contemporaries, appeared, piled

up in pon- prevalence of habits of improvidence, frequently

compenaway the attention of the patient from his or her malady, derous stateliness, and drawn by horses in bulk next to

sate to the individual for the dear-bought comforts of be it real or only imagined. Medical folks who under- elephants. For their convenience, the old roads were

prosperous life, while suffering loses half its bitterness by stand mankind morally as well as physically, are, I be- deserted as too narrow, or filled up as too slumberously being speedily forgot.“ In peace of mind, and ease of

never being foreseen, and misfortune half its severity by lieve, far less solicitous than some people think to make profound. New roads of an airy, width were laid down; body," says Mr Smith, “ all ranks of men are nearly upon out positively and certainly whether such or such a and Mr M‘Adam showed himself, with his necromantic disease does really exist, or only the imagination of it. hammer and pebble-gauge in his hand, and coaches came

a level; and the beggar who suns himself by the highway In the first place (I speak, however, with the

utmost galloping after him

at ten miles' speed per hour, loaded possesses the security that kings are fighting for." – deference to more erudite judgment), it is in very many with eager and still impatient negotiants; roads of gra

Alison's Principles of Population. 1840. of the cases which come before medical men absolutely nite or of limestone, however smooth, or however wide,

BEGINNING OF ROAD-NAKING. impossible to tell what is really the matter physically. or however covered with waggons, coaches, mails, horse The infancy of road-making, like that of navigation, Some diseases there are of which the symptoms are quite men, and the infinite variety of carriages of pleasure, must be sought in the infancy of nations. A canoe, holdecisive, and not to be mistaken; but of by far the travel, and parade, which now appeared on them, were lowed out of the trunk of a tree, was the beginning of greater number of cases of ill-health, the physical cause found' too few; and canals were cut; locks-wonderful ship-building; and an Indian's trail, by which an untumust remain in considerable doubt. The chief good things in those days—were invented; and heavy boats tored tribe wend their way, in single files, through forest which we then derive from the doctor is a moral good: and light barges hastened to convey their freights of or grassy glade of boundless extent, is the first germ of we submit ourselves to authority and to discipline; we living things, and things for the living-market goods a road. Conveyance by a quadruped, which rendered feel that we are taking rational steps towards ridding us and market people-to the places where they were necessary the widening of the trail into a sort of bridleof the evil which oppresses us, and we are, for the most wanted, or where they wanted to be. Well done, Eng- path, formed most likely the second step in the improvepart, inspired with hope, not to say confidence, by the lishmen! Things were come to a pretty good pass, it ment of itinerancy. Next came the use of carriages; a sensible and encouraging words which the physician was thought. People said, wondering to one another, sledge perhaps first; after that, the cart, or sledge, raised speaks. But there are thousands upon thousands who “ If our grandfathers could but rise from their graves and on two wheels, connected by an axle. Then came the do not think themselves quite ill enough to call in the see all this, how they would stare !” But it was soon double cart, or waggon of four wheels, by which two padoctor, and yet go on from week to week, from month to found that the population and the needs of the country rallel and transverse axles were connected by a fixed month, and from year to year, continually ailing, and had outgrown even these accommodations. There was longitudinal one. In principle, no improvement beyond continually sending to the elegant shop with plate-glass a cry for more conveyance and more speed. Some talked this has been made in the construction of carriages, save windows filled with glass jars of various coloured physic of balloons, some of velocipedes, and some of perpetual the moveable joint, which at once, by the facilities it (especially crimson), as if sick people were as silly as motion. The old and the orthodox said—“ Let well be. , afforded for turning curved lines, dispensed with the mackerel, and very liable to be taken with the same things move fast enough. There is no rest, no repose, necessity of rectilinear roads for large vehicles.—Wade's colour of bait. Now, it is for these people that I would no steadiness, in this generation-all is hurry, hurry, | British History. presume to prescribe. What they want is not so much hurry. It is perfectly distracting!” They even looked physic as diversion. How many are there who, while back to the old hollow roads and string of pack-horses London: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by W.S. they are at home moping about with dull companions, with affectionate yearnings. Nevertheless, a set of pig Orr, Paternoster Row; and sold by all booksellers and newsor no companions at all, feel pains in the shoulders and headed fellows were busy with their brains, and began in the back and in the chest, have dizziness in the head, to utter strange speeches about the powers of steam.

men.-Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars. black things floating before the eyes, sudden startings It was a thing which was to work our mines and mills, publishers or their agonts ; also, any

odd numbers to complete

Complete sets of the Journal are always to be had from the and twinges, and so on; how many are there tormented thus, who, when some brisk, lively, and intelligent

impel our ships, and convey us, with the velocity of a sets. Persons requiring their volumes bound along with title

comet, from one place to another. Old men, and wise friend appears, capable of rousing the attention and set

pages and contents, have only to give them into the hands of any men too, laughed at such Quixotic vapourings; yet, spite bookseller, with orders to that offect.

[graphic]

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

NUMBER 453.

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1840.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

THE FLITTING.
not to have made a better hand of it. Sure your felt as queer and lonesome as anything, for want of

the cow, and the pig, and even the little chickens I As Mrs Weston, accompanied by her waiting-maid, father held it for a song, I may say.'

It's true for your honour,' says Christy ; "but then used to be minding at home. Jenny put me up to was travelling through a remote part of Ireland, her

go spin. There was no call that time for the kind I jaded horses, which, for the last four miles, had with you know it was ris to fifty shillings when I got it.'

"And what are fifty shillings for such fine land? and was used to. difficulty been prevailed on to proceed, on coming to

why did not your father lay by a capital for you when So, 'Mother,' said she, 'why not try the tow for 2 hill high and steep enough to have alarmed more vigorous steeds, made a dead stop, and neither the

he had it so cheap? Sure you know well you can't sacking. Suppose we make but twopence a-day, isn't

pay the arrear that's on it. Isn't my lord too good better than nothing ?—and it will serve to pass away blows nor vociferations of the driver could induce them to move a step farther. As this is an event

to forgive it you ? and what a state the land is in—all the time. Well, to it I went, though it came strange

racked and out of heart—not a fence that would keep enough to me, that never was used to less than three neither rare nor unexpected in Ireland, the lady was but slightly discomposed by it. Having dispatched in a beast. Why, it will take years to bring it into hanks in my life before. We sent the children to

school, to keep them out of mischief in the streets. the driver to the next town to procure fresh horses, any condition again.'”

“And was this the real state of the case ?" said Mrs | My brother-in-law dieted with us, and he liked to she quietly looked round for some house or cabin Weston.

live high, so we often had meat and tea ; yet, with where she might remain till his return. Seeing a

“ Where's the use of denying it, ma'am ?” said

all that, I missed the sup of milk, and thought the decent-looking cottage at a little distance from the road, she alighted, and, in the full assurance of meet- Nancy. “It was out of heart sure enough, for, though children throve better when they had the churn to we did well with the good prices during the war, the

run to. ing with hospitality, proceeded towards it; but her steps were arrested by the assaults of a host of cabin last bad years left us down in the world. So away he Well, things passed on in this way for about a year, curs, that seemed to resent with peculiar asperity the went, and left us with heavy hearts that night, as you when home comes my husband one night, with the unlooked-for intrusion of a well-dressed stranger. may believe ; but where was the use of complaining, news that all was upside down at the foundry-ever Their barking at length brought out the mistress of especially as we saw our neighbours just as badly off 80 many men discharged, and himself and his brother the house, who, to Mrs Weston's great surprise,

as ourselves, for there were better than forty families amongst the rest. It was well they got their week's proved to be an old acquaintance, for whom, since the put out that same time. My husband had a brother wages even, the money was so scarce there. His indy's return from England, she had been eagerly that kept mostly in Dublin, and he gave the greatest brother said they might pick up a pretty penny by inquiring, but of whose fate she had not hitherto

account at all of it. "Don't you see, he'd say, 'how doing odd jobs about town ; but what was that to keep been able to procure any certain tidings.

comfortable I live, with good clothes on my back, and up a family, especially as Paddy wouldn't hear of

my fill to eat. Not all as one as you and your family, our giving up the bit of meat, though Jenny pressed "Do I dream?”

, said she, “or is it possible that I slaving yourselves late and early-scarce able to keep it greatly, for she was mighty considerate entirely, see Nancy Gallagher settled down here amongst the

a rag to cover you, or a bit of bacon in the pot, on a and had more thought about every thing than myself, wilds of Connaught ?”

Sunday even. I'll get you work,' says he, "at the God help me! though she was such a young slip. “Oh, dear ma'am, and is it you! The heavens be foundry where I stop myself; and you will do well, Another thing that vexed her greatly, was the noticpraised that I see one sight of you again,” said Nancy, and the children will get a little smartness into them. ing the smell of spirits now and again upon her father, kissing the lady's hand, and then her cloak, in the

Well, he said so much, sure, that my husband in- especially since he fell out of regular work. Someardour of her joy.

clined more and more to his advice, especially as we times he'd be even stupid like when he'd come home. “Let me come in, dear Nancy, to this nice cottage, couldn't get ever a cabin in the neighbourhood, except She went down on her two knees to him, to beg him which I hope I am right in considering as yours ?” one that had neither window nor chimney, things we to quit Dublin, and he didn't say much against it ; but

“ Then it is mine, and I wish it were a castle for were always used to ; and, besides, the rain came into her uncle called her a saucy jade for advising her your sake. Come in, dear, and a thousand welcomes! it at all parts, and for that same we should pay forty elders, and brought Christy round to the mind to stay Wasn't I beside myself to keep you here standing in shillings. As for myself, I'd prefer staying in my where he was. Well, I did my best, sure, to be saving; the cold ? but it's all the perfect joy. Come in, dear, own country, though it was in a hut built in the back but it wasn't as in the country, where we had the and I'll bring in your things.”

of a ditch ; and Jenny wanted us to put all together, potato ridge at our back. Every thing was so dear, “ No, no ; let them remain in the chaise, my maid and go off to America, for the books she used to be and I not used to Dublin ways. Our little stock that will take care of them,” said the lady, seating herself reading gave great accounts of it, and how industrious we brought with us was getting less and less, till at on a low stool beside the fire.“ And now, Nancy, sit striving people like us might get on there ; but the last it was all gone ; and, what was worse, the men got down and tell me all, for I am dying with curiosity. world wouldn't get me to cross the sea, so it was the fashion of not bringing home their wages regular. What has brought about this wonderful change in settled to Dublin we were to go—and a sorrowful day One day we were low enough, and had nothing but your situation ?

it was when we came to leave our little place, where a few dry potatoes in the house, when in comes “ Sure you'll take a chair, ma'am.”

we had lived many a long year, happy enough (for all Jenny« Let us have done with ceremony now, dear Nancy; our brother Paddy could say), to go to a strange town, Mother,' says she, 'I have good news for you this we have no time to spare for it. There—that will and take up new ways.

evening. do—the fire is very good. Begin and tell me out to Our neighbour, Tom Connor, was very kind en “Ah, what is it then, Jenny? says I,' for I'm sure the face, as you used to say, all your history, and how tirely, and lent us his horse and dray for the journey. it's much awanting.' you happened to leave Rathkeel.”

We were three days about it, and wet and weary we I can get work at Mr Glennan's cotton factory, a “ Why, then, I will, ma'am,” said Nancy, smiling were the evening we got into Dublin, for it rained des- little way out of town,' says she, “and the wages will through the tears which the mention of Rathkeel perately all that day; and then, my dear life, I thought be a great help to us! brought to her eyes.

we'd never make our way to the lodging that Paddy No, Jenny,' says I, I can never give in to that ; “ But first,” said Mrs Weston, “ tell me where had taken for us. Such turnings and windings through it's too dangerous for a girl like you to be going and Jenny is. I do not see Jenny. She is well, I hope ?" streets and lanes ; and the boy we had with us not coming late and early

“ She is well and happy, I thank you kindly, ma'am; used to driving in such throng places. It was well Mother,' said she, 'I don't find any thing happens but she is not with me at present, as you shall hear. ever we came safe, and that the dray was not smashed to those that have a mind to take care of themselves; It wasn't passing two months after you left us, to pieces. At last, when we did make it out, all the and, with the blessing of Heaven, I will never do ma'am, that all the leases in the whole town, I may stairs we had to mount; it was, for all the world, like any thing to disgrace my family—so we had best take say, fell in to my lord. Well, my husband, thinking, going up the tower in the old castle of Rathkeel. the offer ; if we don't, we may be sorry for it.? to be sure, it would be as in the old times, puts in a Jenny, who was always for making the best of things Well, at last she prevailed, and engaged herself for proposal for his own little concern; when lo and be when there was no remedy, said it was all for the the next week at eightpence a-day. I thought she'd hold you, down comes the agent, and, says he, ‘You better-that we should have fine air up so high ; but soon tire of it ; but late and early, in the heat of summust oust every one of you, for the lands are promised as for air, myself thought I never got my breath mer and depth of winter, there would she be as regular to a man of substance, that can show them justice, rightly, from the time I went in it till I left it again. as the work-bell. I used to be afraid that the town and will pay the rent duly.'

We had but two rooms—one of them you could scarce sparks would be following her as she was coming home “That's hard upon me, please your honour,' says my turn in, it was so small ; and yet we had six pounds to late in the evening.” husband, “after me and mine living on the land these pay for the two. My husband didn't get into work “I don't wonder you were afraid,” said Mrs Wes. hundred years and better, to be turned out at last.' so ready as we expected, but he did at last. As för ton, “if she grew up as handsome as she promised.”

• More shame for you and yours," says the agent, me, when I had finished settling our little matters, I “ Ma'am, you wouldn't believe how she improved :

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it isn't I that said it, but every one. She was as likely | dress here as fine as ladies.!. Well," said Paddy, 'I door, and in walks Mrs Strypes. “Here's the lady,' says a girl as you'd see of a summer's day-tall, slender ; was thinking you might make that objection, so see what Paddy, to whom Christy gave the note, along with her skin as white as an egg, with a fine blush in her I've provided, that you might have nothing to say against my ten shillings, in exchange for a thirty-shilling Bank cheeks, and her eyes shining like two diamonds; and doing as I'd have you. With that he pulls a bundle of Ireland, because our landlady is scruplesome of taking then such a smile

, such a sweet smile, that high and from under his coat, and opens it, and there, my dear any other these times.? Well," said Mrs Strypes, speak might have had at the factory, only she was so distant and a pair of white stockings, half of them silk, no less, business ? she can explain it, I hope ? • She's not como

I assure you. Well, what makes you look so wonderful, in as yet,' said Paddy: then turning to me- Hadn't in herself--and for all she looked so mild, had a way both of you?" said he; • Mrs Strypes las promised to cut you best step out, and see is there any sign of her.' with her that none dared take the least freedom with

out the frock for you, Jenny, according to the tip-top Well, out I goes as fast as my poor trembling feet could her. Another thing of Jenny was, that she always fashion, and you are a good hand to make it for yoursell carry me, and before I had gone half-way

down the street, went mighty plain, and instead of buying fine gowns “It's joking you must be, dear uncle,' said Jenny; - you 1 met Jenny. I stopped her, and told her all: she

grew or shawls, like other girls, she'd bring her money did not really buy these things for me?' 'Joking,' said as pale as death, and— Mother,' said she, “sure it is not duly of a Saturday night, and throw it into my lap, he, 'why would I be joking? Why wouldn't I make you possible Mr Blake

could play us such a trick. Home she saying—There, mother, there's for the house ; and, a present when I'm able? Sure it's the first time.' runs as for the bare life, and I as fast as I eould after her. indeed, we'd have been badly off but for it, for things Well, Jenny and I looked at one another, and couldn't When I came in, Mrs Strypes was pulling the note out were getting worse and worse with us ; and we were understand it at all, for it was true for him, it was the of her pocket to show it to Jenny. "But the minute the forced to take the boys from school, which fretted first time; he had never so much as proffered her a ribbon girl cast her eyes on it— This is not the note you got

before. Jenny greatly.

• That was a good thought, wasn't it?' said he from my father,' said she. Indeed but it is, miss,' said "What can I do," says I, when I can't pay for at last, finding we did not answer. Then says Jenny, Ithe woman; I have witnesses who were present when them? Can't you send them to the free school ? onght to be greatly obliged to you, and so I am; but I he gave it, who can prove it ; and besides, 1 made him says she. “Is it to a charity school ” says I– that's where none of their family went yet ; and I won't money on such finery for me, that you forgot how low then, this is not the note I gave him," said Jenny, I could

we are in the world, and how many things we are in swear to that, for I put my own private mark upon it. be the first to have my children taxed with it.' want of at this present, and shall be in want of before the Oh, what shall I do? What can I do?' I'll tell you Wouldn't it be better, mother, said she, “than to winter be over.' Paddy had little heed of what poor what, Miss Jenny,' says Mrs Strypes, “I don't know how have them taxed with being thieves and liars, as they Jenny said ; and, to cut a long story short, he got her to it is between you and your father, but I'd be sorry to surely will, if they keep company with the little promise to dress herself for the party, and to the pasty hurt either of you, for I have a great regard for you, though vagabonds in the streets? Then she began to tell she went. She didn't come home till very late, and a great you didn't seem to take my kindness in good part. But me of ever so many people that got their education in account she gave of how fine every one was. Herself was as to this affair, I'm willing to let the matter drop, upon such places, and came to riches and grandeur by the plainest amongst them; but by what Mrs Strypes told condition that you make me a reasonable compliment in means of their learning. ‘And do you think, mother,

us afterwards, none became their dress like her. There return.' And what coinpliment can I make you, ma'am?*

were ever so many bachelors, clerks, and 'prentices, mostly says Jenny. • Four or five pounds will do,' says she. said she, they would have thanked their parents if they had kept them back from honour and advance-allas smart as could be. You'd take them for gentlemen, Four or five pounds, Mrs Strypes !' says Jenny. "Why,

ma'am, you must be laughing at me. You know, as well ment, out of false pride ? Well, she said so much, Jenny said, only for the voice and speech.

The next morning, as I was getting the breakfast, who as I do, that you might as well ask me for five hundred.' sure, that in the end she brought me over to her should come in but our poor lodger, with his arm all • Not if you will be guided by me, miss,' says she. “There notion, and the boys were sent to the free school.

fractured: it was only the small bone of it, however, as is a check for twenty pounds drawn in your favour, now The winter was now coming on, and that was always the surgeon said. So, after it was set, he could go about lying in my house, and you can have the money to-morrow, the hardest time with us, on account of being obliged to with it in a sling, but not a hand's turn could he do at if you choose to present it.” “In my favour, Mrs Strypes ! keep up the spark of fire constant, and the coals so dear, the factory for the present; so he kept in his own little said Jenny; what can you mean? Why, I mean that and I not used to manage them—when one evening, as room with his books and his papers. One evening he the gentleman you treated so uncivilly, in return for his Jenny was coming home from the factory, she noticed a called me in, and, says he,

kindness, understanding you were in distress, left it for young man tracking her on purpose, as it were ; so think • I am out of work now, as you see, and no man can your benefit, and that of your family' And how am I ing to give liim the slip, she turned into the house of an foresee what may happen to him ; so here is the rent for to repay him? By selling myself? Oh, I see it all now. acquaintance in Thomas Street, and stayed there a few the quarter; it is better for you to have it secure.' But that I will never do-no, never. Just as you like, minutes, thinking, to be sure, the boy would be gone; Sure, it's time enough to pay it when it comes due,' miss,' said Mrs Strypes; but, in the mean time, your but when she came out again, who should be lurking said I; ‘maybe you might have occasion for the money, father must go to jail before night, unless you can clear about the door but the very man? So, thinking it useless now you are disabled.'

him and acknowledge the note, and then it's you must to wait longer, home she comes-he following every foot • Never mind that,' said he ; 'I know how to want as be accountable.' of the way, till she rapped at the door. Then he stopped well as any body.'

*Well,' said Jenny, “I know what I'll do--I'll ask Mr too, and told the girl who opened it that he had business And, indeed, from that time we noticed that it's little Blake's advice.' So she goes and taps at Blake's door, with the mistress. Jenny came up, and was just after victuals he used, barring the bit of bread and the cup of when, to Paddy's surprise, it was opened, and Jenny telling me about the man, and how he startled her, when coffee. He'd never willingly be without the coffee. begins to tell her story-- But,' says Blake, you needn't, who should appear at our door but himself, and the The next Saturday, just when Jenny had returned Miss Jenny, for I know all about it, and more, perhaps, landlady with him?

from the factory, in comes a messenger from Mrs Strypes, than you do yourself.' • Here is a young man,' said she, that is in search of wanting her over in all haste. Well, she went, sure; and Then in he comes, as proud and as stern as you please, a lodging. I haven't a hole fit to put a Christian in, but in about half an hour back she comes, quite red and and walks up to Mrs Strypes, and— Madam," says he I think you could spare that little room there, for all the scared like.

perhaps you are not aware that I heard every word of use you make of it, and that will help to pay the rent • Mother,' said she, “I don't know what to make of the conversation you held with that person there (pointthat you're always murmuring about.'

Mrs Strypes. Would you believe it? there she had a ing to Paddy) during Mrs Gallagher's absence, and am Jenny gave me a look, as if she suspected something, beautiful new bonnet, trimmed and all, and a shawl worth acquainted with your infamous plot to criminate an innoand I the same to her; so, as civil as I could, I gave him a guinea, at the very least, ready for me to wear to-mor cent man, and delude a virtuous girl; to all which I am & denial. •But,' says he, 'I see where your objection row going to chapel. It was all I could do to get away ready to make oath in any court of justice. As to you, lies, madam; you are cautious about admitting a stranger; without her forcing them on me; and who do you think sir, you are, to the best of my belief, guilty of a felony: but if I bring a note from your priest, Father Ryan, re- paid for them ?-wly, that very gentleman who danced but, on account of your connexion with this family, I am commending me as a sober, orderly person, perhaps you with me the other night.' And why would he be buy- unwilling to expose you, and I am satisfied to let the may change your mind; so I'll call again when Mr Gal- ing such things for you?' said I, all amazed. Indeed, matter drop, provided your brother's innocence be dislagher is at home, and then we can talk further on the mother,' said she, that is more than I can tell; Mrs tinctly acknowledged, and the good note returned.' subject.' With that he made a bow as respectful as if | Strypes says it was only out of civility and good nature, Well, you never in all your life saw two people look so we were two ladies, and departed. Well, in about an

and that he often does such things when he hears of a confounded as Paddy and Mrs Strypes did at this speech: hour, back again he comes with the priest's note, recom

well-behaved industrious poor girl. But for all that, I at last she plucked up courage, and, said she Td be glad mending Mr Blake (that was his name) as a sober, indus- don't like it, and on no account would I accept of a thing to know what business you liave to meddle in this affair! trious man, likely to prove a good tenant. My husband when I was not sure of the intention it was offered with. or who would mind the word of a vagabond, come from and Paddy, who were within, were proud to get one to You are quite right there, Jenny,' says I; better go in the Lord knows where?" Madam, says he, • I am s take some of the heavy rent off us ; so, the next morning, rags all the days of your life, than have it in people's foreigner, it is true, but I am known to people of respechome comes Blake with his little furniture, a bed, a power to tax you with taking presents from gentlemen ; tability in town, and have a character that, I will venture table, crockery ware, and the like, and, sitting down, he but if he be a gentleman, what business had he there to say, will

bear the strictest

investigation. You know tells us how it came into his head to fix himself with us. dancing with the like of you?' • Mrs Strypes says gentle- best whether you can say the same for yourself. I am He said he was lodging for a while near the factory, and

men often do such things for diversion,' said Jenny. ready to go with you, and the poor man whom you have used to see Jenny as she'd be coming and going; and Any way it's queer, isn't it?' said I, turning to Mr detained upon false pretences, before a magistrate this noticing what a discreet look she had, he asked the over Blake, who was sitting by the fire. Not so very queer minute.' Upon this she quailed a little, and, says she, seer about her, who gave her the best of characters for neither, Mrs Gallagher,' says he, smiling ;- you would notThere must be some mistake in the business. That being sedate and industrious, and said he was sure she find many young gentlemen, I fancy, who would object gentleman there (pointing to Paddy) must explain it. I came of a decent stock, and had got a good education, to dance with the like of her., I should say more on this am no ways accountable; but as I find Mr Gallagher is for her manners and behaviour showed it. So, when Mr subject, only that I see your daughter is so well guarded completely cleared, I'll go back and have him discharged Blake found the lodging he was in getting too dear for by prudence and modesty, that all warnings are need immediately.' And I will take the liberty of accomhim, he considered he might get a cheaper one with her less.'

panying you, to see it done,' says Blake. people, and, consulting with the priest, who, it seems, All this while we were getting lower and lower in the So away they went, leaving myself and Jenny so was an acquaintance of his, his reverence said sure that world, and it was my wonder that Paddy, who was so amazed at what had passed, that we didn't know rightly we were poor honest simple country folk, and that he'd ready with his money when no one was asking for it, whether we were dreaming or no. In about half an hour, be safe in dealing with us. From this time he wasn't should never offer us a penny now in our distress, and back comes Mr Blake, bringing my poor husband along easy till it was settled. Mr Blake mentioned that he the rent coming upon us along with every thing else. I with him. was in good work at the factory, but never let fall a word believe I mentioned that our lodger had paid the quarter With the joy of getting him safe again, we couldn't as to what side he came from, and we noticed that his before it came due; so, as Jenny was always at me to keep from crying; and if we didn't bless and pray for our speech wasn't just like our own, but a little queer and be saving, I gave her the note to keep; but when our lodger, it's a wonder, though how he came to manage it foreign like. However, he was very kind and cordial, landlady came hagging at us about the rent, I said, so clever, and he a stranger, we couldn't make out. Then and would come in and sit with us of an evening when • Hand over that pound, Jenny, it will help to keep her he informed us that, sitting quite quiet with his books my poor husband and Paddy would be out, as they often quiet for a while.' With that she fetches it out, and gives and papers, he could not but hear what Paddy and Mrs were latterly. Well, it chanced one evening as we were it to her father. “Never mind going down with it now,' Strypes said when I was out, they all the time supposing sitting this way, in comes Paddy a little hearty or so, says Paddy, 'keep it till to-morrow, and I will make it him not at home, because he had locked his door and and, says he, in a joking way, as he used when he was in thirty shillings. You may be sure we weren't sorry to taken the key out, that the children might not disturb good humour, ‘Jenny, girl, you mustn't be always mop hear that; so Christy put the note in his pocket for the him. He heard Mrs Strypes ask Paddy how he contrived ing this way; you must take a little diversion like an night. I called to them as they were going out in the to change the one note for the other, when Paddy told other. Sure, you never so much as take a walk into the morning not to forget the rent. Never fear, said Paddy, her he had watched till Christy was asleep, and then did country, you that used to be so fond of it.' we'll settle it.'

it. “It is clear he is a villain-begging your pardon for • True for you,' said I ; . I'm always at her to take a Well, it might be about five in the evening, and Jenny saying so of a relation,' says Blake;. and I would recomwalk instead of poring over those books.'

not yet come back from the factory, when in comes Paddy, mend you never again to let him enter your door. We "Oh, it's a better thing than a walk I propose for her out of breath, and looking quite wild like. • W'ere's were ready enough to agree to this; but he had done for now,' said Paddy; what would you think of a nice Jenny?' says he; here's tine work, and if she can't ex my poor husband already. Christy took to his bed that dance, Jenny; you that used to be so fond of it in the plain it, we are all ruined.' 'For the love of mercy,' night, saying that, what with the fright, and what with country? There's Mrs Strypes, the milliner, that you saw says I, . what is the matter at all, or what do you mean?" the ungrateful behaviour of his brother, his heart was here the other day, going to give a genteel party, and Matter enough,' says he; ' there's Christy going to be quite broke. she has been so civil as to invite you.' I am sure I am taken up for passing a forged note. With that I gave a Mr Blake saw he had taken the fever, and said we obliged to her, and to you too, said Jenny, but you great screech, and it was well but I fell out of my stand- must have a doctor for him. But how do you think,' says don't consider that I've no clothes fit to appear in at such ing.' 'Ay, indeed,' said Paddy; "and it was from Jenny 1, *that I can pay doctor, when sorrow a place.' Wouldn't the pink cotton do,' said I. 'Oh, he got that same note, and that's the reason I want to but that's to go for the rent?'

a pound I have

• Don't distress your mother dear,' said she, you have no notion how they see her.' Just as he spoke, there comes a tap at the self about that,' said he, opening his hand and showing

see.

me a note in it; here is a ten-pound note I got from the be reasonable ; but Father Ryan will certify the truth of Sure it's the thing in the world would please me best, owner of the factory for a little invention of mine-a new my story, and give you his opinion as to whether I am said I; wouldn't I be happy to be out of this wicked way of stamping linen. That's what I used to be poring a fit person to be trusted with your daughter or not.' town, that was the death of my husband! The only thing over in my little room. This will pay for the doctor.' Well, the next day, sure, I went to the priest and that cows me is the fear of a bad crop, and that I So he brought one to see my poor Christy ; but it was asked his advice in regard to Jenny.

mightn't be able to pay the rent, now that I have no one all to no good, for he sank daily, and soon died, telling • My advice to you, Mrs Gallagher,' said he, 'is, that to back me.' me with his last breath that God would yet raise up you put no obstacle in the way of this marriage. The • Don't let that give you any uneasiness,' said he, 'for friends for me. And that was true of Blake, for he both young people love one another; Blake is sober and honest. I intend to take the rent upon myself for your life. Is paid the doctor and got poor Christy buried. I could not I will be responsible for the truth of his story; and it is it not the least that I can do for my mother and when but wonder, sure, at his goodness, and he a stranger ; but my firm opinion that you will never have reason to repent your son is old enough, he can take more land on his own mistrusted'in my own mind it was not all on my ac- of bestowing your daughter upon him.'.

account.' oount.

'I will never go past your reverence's word,' said I; “I'll Well, if you'll believe me, I couldn't say one word to The very day after her father was buried, Jenny said, not be their hinderance?

thank him, my heart was so full; but he saw it all in Mother, I must not be indulging my grief; I must go • From that time, our lodger gave us no peace till the my face, I believe. back to my work, and strive to support the family, for day was fixed for the wedding. When Jenny was getting He wouldn't let us flit till the month of May, and then now we have no other dependence.' And back she went, ready to go to the chapel, I got out the white frock for he paid the expenses of our journey here. We found the though she was so weak she could hardly crawl. I did her, thinking she'd wear it.'.

house repaired, and a fine chimney and windows, and a my best with the spinnin'; and with the sale of some of • Put it up, mother," said she, "for Antonio (that is brick floor, just as you see it, ma'am. But when I went our little furniture, we contrived to weather it out till Blake's name, and a queer name it is) can't abide the sight out to the yard, there, my dear life, was a beautiful cow spring. of it.'

in the byre, a pig in the stye, and all as snug, or rather In the mean time, however, Mr Sunkins, a young man So it was in the old cotton she was married. Well, I a great deal snugger, than ever our own place at Rathkeel at the factory, made an offer to marry Jenny, but this she couldn't but fret, sure, in my own mind, to think of the was; for there, to be sure, the

walls were only propped would on no account hear of. Oh Jenny,' says I, what's poor place and poor entertainment I had for my son-in- up, and the roof but middling. Then I had my four acres this for ? Are you going to be a trouble to me now for the law. It poured as if the skies would fall all that morn of land, fenced and ditched as nice as a gentleman's place, first time in your life? But I see how it is—you are hanker- ing. So, when the priest had finished, I went to the and part of it ready set with potatoes and oats. ing after them that's not able to maintain you.' • Mother,' chapel door to see was there any chance of the rain Well, if I didn't bless and pray for my son-in-law that said she, “I'll never deny it; Mr Blake has gained my getting lighter, when Blake followed me.

night, it's a wonder. good will, and I am sure he did enough to deserve it. • Mother,' said he, don't go yet, there is a coach com We hadn't been settled here passing three months, In my mind, one who earns his bread by honest industry, ing to take us home.'

when there comes a letter from Jenny from Cork, pressand never spends his earnings in vice or folly ; who, Well, I was delicate, sure, in saying any thing, but I ing me to go and see her, and bidding me bring George if any accident should reduce him to poverty, would couldn't but wonder in my own mind that he'd be spend (that's my second little boy) with me, as she was deterrather live on bread and water than get into debt, ing his money on a coach, and we so poor, sure enough; mined to keep him and send him to school, as he was and be the cause of loss to others; who, when fortune however, up drives a hackney-coach, and in he makes us always apt and inclined for his book; and she said, if he or his own ingenuity throws a little matter in his way, go, myself and Jenny, and our landlady's daughter, who turned out well, her husband would be the making of instead of spending it on his own pleasures, is ready to was bridesmaid. Myself, not being used to the coach, didn't him. share it with his friends in their distress; and above all, mind what way it was going, and Jenny was too confused You may believe I was proud and happy to see my one who attends strictly to his religious duties, and has to take notice; but, says the girl, popping her head out girl in her own house, sitting in her own parlour, and the good word and regard of his clergy-this is what I of the window, . We are going wrong, Mr Blake.'

every thing clean and genteel about her, and yet not a call a person worth caring for, and is what our lodger Never mind,' says he, we shall come right at last.' bit set up, but as humble as ever; for her husband told has proved himself to be."

Well, what does the hackney man do at last, but draw me how she hindered him to get a jaunting car for her, And what do you know against the other?' said I. up at the door of a respectable-looking house. Blake though many had it that couldn't so well afford it, say• Why, mother,' said she, “it's but a bad retum for the opens the coach door, and out he jumps, and makes us ing, it was wholesomer and better for her to walk as slie young man's partiality to me to seek out faults in him; all alight, and go into a snug little parlour. Then he goes had been used to do, and that it would be wise for them but I must just remind you that though he does not get over to Jenny and kisses her, bidding her welcome to her to lay up some of their income for fear of any trouble downright drunk, I believe he seldom goes to bed per new lodging, and the same to us all. Jenny and I looked coming. It was she that was happy to have mie in her fectly sober. If I married him for the sake of his salary, at him, not knowing what to make of it, but thought, sure,

own house, and to make much of me. I might be in a bad way after all, for I am sure we have it was some joke. I see you are all amazed,' said he, Mother,' said she, how can I ever be thankful enough seen enough of the consequences of drinking.'

"and think me hall mad; but I hope to convince you that to Heaven for all the blessings I enjoy! The having you Well, this was always the way with Jenny and me; she I am in my sober senses; that is,' said he, smiling, as far

so comfortably settled is one of my greatest causes of had so much to say, and so sensible seemingly, that I did as a man can be, who is so much in love.'

happiness.' not know what to answer her; but, says I, at last, You • When I told you my history, I told you nothing but Well, I stayed a fortnight with her, and then camo don't consider, Jenny, that this Blake is a stranger. We the truth, but I did not tell you the whole truth. That I back to my own place, where Tommy, and little Kitty, neither know what he is nor where he came from. He reserved for the present moment. About a month ago, a and myself, live as snug and cosy as you could wish to might pass any thing upon us.'

letter arrived from Portugal, from a dear friend of my He couldn't pass himself for honest and sober if he father's, who had been with him in the prison, and who " Indeed,” said Mrs Weston, when Nancy had finished were not so,' said she; we should have found him out was only just then released. This gentleman informed her long story, “ I am heartily rejoiced at the happy terbefore now. As to the rest, I will make him give an ac me that my father called him to his bedside a little before mination of your troubles, which is more peculiarly graticount of himself this very evening, if you will please to he died, and told him, as a great secret, that the king fying to me, because I think it may be in a great measure hear him.' And, indeed, just as we had finished our had not got all his property, as was supposed, for that ascribed to the good conduct of my favourite and pupil, supper, he taps at the door. •Mrs Gallagher,' says he, some months before he was taken up, suspecting how Jenny. Virtue does not often meet with the reward of sitting down by the fire, I suppose Jenny has told you things might turn out, he had exchanged the half of his 80 much temporal prosperity; but the favour of Heaven, what my wishes are--may I hope for your approbation property for gold, and when the troubles came, he had and that peace of mind which the world can neither give and consent? I am informed that your daughter has had buried it in a private place in his garden, keeping it a secret nor take away, it is ever sure of obtaining." more advantageous offers, but she has been kind enough from me, because he knew, by the love I bore him, I would to give me hopes that the strength and sincerity of my have given up every thing to procure his release. Then attachment may prevail. What I want in wealth I will my father gave directions how to find the treasure; and BIOGRAPHIC SKETCHES. strive to make up by industry; and until my powers the first thing the gentleman did when he got out, was of body and mind fail, she shall never know want. • I'm entirely obliged to you, Mr Blake," says 1; and I never till it was safe did he tell me a word about it ; and then, M. THIERS, the present Prime Minister of France, like can forget your goodness to us in our distress. But you I must own, I was glad to keep the secret, that I might many other great and estimable individuals, has the are from foreign parts, sir, and how do I know where you prove to my friends (for as to myself I had no doubts) merit of having raised himself from an humble origin to would be taking my poor girl to?". Your doubts are that my Jenny preferred me for my own sake, and not the eminence which he now enjoys. On coming into very natural, madam,' said he, and I will satisfy you for that of my wealth.'

the world, as has been observed by a French writer, immediately by relating my history, of which I have no

Then Blake told us that the money amounted to seven M. Thiers was not cradled on the knees of a duchess. reason to be ashamed.''

thousand pounds--no less, I assure you. I could hardly On the contrary, he was ushered into existence in the Then he begins and tells a long story. Myself can't believe my ears when I heard such a sum mentioned. humble abode of a locksmith, who was his father, in repeat the half of it ; but this was the sense of it at any As for Jenny, I really believe she thought more of the the city of Marseilles, on the 16th of April 1797. rate :

compliment he paid her in choosing her, than of the His mother belonged to an old commercial family, His father lived in Cork, where he used to be carrying money itself. I asked him how he came to think of one which, in the vicissitudes of the time, had fallen into on a little dealing. Then he took it in his head to go to so much beneath him.

extreme poverty. The events of a career which could a place they call Portugal, where he married a woman * Except in regard to fortune, which is no great matter raise the young Louis-Adolphe, in his 39th year, to of the country that had some money, and was doing in my mind,' said he, * Jenny is in no respect beneath mighty well, still keeping business going; at last his wife me. "Though my father got on so well in the world, he expected to be remarkable, and yet, for the purposes

the highest station in his native country, might be died, leaving him with but one child, and that was our was nothing more than the son of a man who kept a little of the biographer, they are sufficiently ordinary. The lodger. He never married again ; but he and his son shop in a back lane in Cork. Jenny is descended from lived together quiet and easy, till a new king came in an honest and respectable farmer's family; and as to

causes of so rapid an advancement lie more in those that country. Myself doesn't know what sort of a queer education, if I had not seen something in her superior to commanding and very rare qualities which fit a man king he was at all, at all; he'd be putting the people in the generality of girls in her station, I should never have for a great party leader, than in striking or even fail, not for any bad thing they would do, robbing or attached myself to her, not withstanding her beauty, which tangible facts. Still the circumstances enabling him murdering, or the like, but just because he'd mislike the was, I own, what first attracted me. I observed such to develop those qualities must, it may be supposed, colour of their clothes, and because one that had a spite sweetness and modesty in her look, and such remarkable have many instructive if not romantic features, and against Mr Blake (that is the father of our lodger) went propriety in her manner and behaviour, that I was led such as they are, we shall endeavour to describe them. and reported that he saw him in a white hat, or coat; to observe her more closely. After I came to lodge with then was the poor fellow clapped up in prison before you, I saw her well tried, and had the best opportunities procured him a bursary in the Imperial Lyceum of

In early boyhood, the relatives of M. Thiers's mother you could look about you; and along with that, they of judging of her sense, temper, and discretion; so I thought Marseilles, where he received all the early part of his took his little property from him, making out he was I should be happy if I could obtain such a girl for a wife. education. He is reported to have achieved many plotting again the king. When the father was taken up, he sent a message pri- he always said that no country could exceed Ireland for 1815, when he proceeded to Aix for the purpose of

My father's opinion, too, had great weight with me, for victories over his young competitors before the year vately to the son, bidding him make off with all speed to the correct behaviour of the women.' England, to some friends he had there, to get them to Well, I couldn't sleep that night for the joy and wonder pursuing the study of the law. There he met another speak for doim to the king, or his people

, to let him out; at all I heard. The next day, Antonio told me that his youth of such parentage as his own, who had recently but the son wasn't passing a week in London, when news plan was to settle himself at Cork, where there was a emerged from the Lyceum of Avignon, with whom he came that, what with the vexation and the bad usage friend of his father's in a very safe way of business, who formed an intimacy, which, being founded on those he got, the poor father had died in the prison. The son was like one distracted when he heard it.

would be glad to have him for a partner, on account that mental sympathies calculated for endurance, has, to

He took sick he had such insight into the ways of foreigners, for it was with the grief; and the sickness, and the living in that with that same Portugal the man would be dealing.

the honour and advantage of both parties, continued dear place, wasted his little substance. Then he be

unabated to the present time. We allude to M. thought him that there was a merchant living in Dublin Jenny and I have settled, if it be agreeable to you. I historian of the same great event which has exercised

• As to yourself, mother,' said he, • I'll tell you what Mignet, whose name is celebrated as a more concise that owed his father somo money, and that if he could believe you will not be sorry to quit Dublin. Father Ryan, M. Thiers's talents. It would appear that the two recover it, it would be a great thing. So over he comes; but, as ill luck would liave it, the merchant was not at naught, and he has promised to let you have a few acres

our priest, has some land in a quiet retired part of Con- friends, giving themselves up with ardour to the study home; he had gone on a voyage some place, but was at a reasonable rent; there is a cottage and out-houses little more of the Digest and the Civil Code than

of literature, philosophy, and history, treasured up expected back soon; so the poor boy kept on from month to month, still on the lock-out for him, till his farmers, I think you must have sufficient knowledge to enabled them to pass their examinations. But Thiers, money getting scarcer and scarcer, he was fain to take manage a small concern, particularly as the priest's fallier, already evincing an impetuous and aspiring spirit, up his lodging in our poor place.

who lives in the neighbourhood, and who is a skilful was likewise the leader of a party amongst his feilowWhen he had finished his history, he said, “I don't farmer, will give you his advice, and will plough your students,

and provoked the frowns of the professors want you to take all this on my word : that would not ground for you for a reasonable allowance.'

by his tirades against the government of the Restora.

M. THIERS.

JAMAICA-THE EMANCIPATION,

tion. At this time an incident, sufficiently expressive in M. Thiers are particularly grateful. Moreover, as 25th August 1836, in various capacities--as minister of of his position and capacity, occurred, which is worthy no human monument is free from faults, it behoves the interior, minister of commerce and public works, to be recorded.

us to state that many serious objections have been and minister for foreign affairs, under various chiefs, A prize being announced for competition, M. Thiers urged, and with some justice, against that peculiar Marshals Soult, Gérard, Mortier, and Broglie, and resolved to enter the lists, and accordingly sent in his point of view under which M. Thiers, like his friend finally, under himself, nominated President of the manuscript. The essay was found incomparably Mignet, contemplates some of the appalling atrocities Council on the 22d February 1836. In August of superior to any other, but unhappily the name of the of the Jacobin faction when in the ascendant. That that year, he passed into opposition, where he remained author had transpired, or was suspected; and rather the dangers of France, from inner and outward foes, until again called by Louis Philippe, in the present than adjudge the palm to the young Jacobin, as he demanded an unexampled display of energy, none can year 1840, to the premiership, which, while we write, was deemed, the learned heads of the institution doubt; but it is inconsistent with justice and reason he still holds. abruptly postponed the competition till the following to deem inevitable or legitimatised, so to speak, by In speaking of M. Thiers's general attainments, we year. At the appointed period, the manuscript of M. irresistible fatality, those wholesale slaughters of shall be brief. The mere fact of his position avouches Thiers again made its appearance; but in the interval innocent and unoffending persons, which, so far from his commanding eminence. In competition with all a production of such surpassing merit had arrived from preparing the nation for liberty, served only to de- the talents of his age, he has outstripped them all. Paris, that the dilemma of the judges was obviated, moralise it, and throw it all palpitating at the feet of Not that he is the first of orators, for the legitimatist and they eagerly crowned the metropolitan essay, a despot. At the same time, this charge has been too Berryer bears the palm ; not that he is the most proawarding the second prize, however, to M. Thiers. rancorously enforced against the work, especially by found thinker, for the doctrinaire Guizot is the more Considerable was the horror felt by the Senatus those who look with almost a kindly eye upon the searching philosopher; not that he is the most unAcademicus, when, unsealing the packet wherein remorseless vengeance of kings, when wreaked against bending politician, for the ultra-liberal Odillon-Barrot the name of the Parisian laureate was enveloped, it prostrate subjects: the accusation has, as usual with is more stern and consistent. But Thiers comprehends divulged none other than that of the hateful Thiers party malignity, been pushed far beyond what the his countrymen better ; can adapt himself better to himself, who had adroitly contrived this deception truth or a candid interpretation of the historian's men and things ; and though perhaps about the last on the solemn functionaries of his university.

deductions warrant. The reflections scattered through man to lay down his life for a principle, his origin, Having taken his degree as advocate, M. Thiers the work every reader will estimate according to their his sympathies, his whole career, identify him with entered upon the practice of his profession at Aix; weight; but it is perhaps one of its chief recommenda- the great majority of the nation. Thus, with his unbut soon growing disgusted with so narrow a sphere, tions that it contains but few to interrupt the full doubted abilities, he becomes an influential deputy choked up, moreover, by high aristocratic prejudices, flow of narrative, or dull the sparkling mirror of and a popular minister. The very fickleness wherehe set off one day, in company with his friend incident.

with his enemies upbraid him, proves him more inMignet, to seek his fortune at Paris. The two way The appearance of his historical compilation, its contestibly a genuine son of the Gallic soil

, farers debouched on that immense metropolis buoyant rapid progress in public esteem, and the fortunate And now, at the summit of the social ladder, wieldwith hopes and talents, but destitute alike of friends gift of a share in the Constitutionel, conferred upon ing the power of France, exercising a weighty influence and money. The first months of their residence gave him by an enthusiastic admirer, raised M. Thiers to upon the destinies of his age and country, enjoying but little token of a brilliant future, if we may trust comparative affluence. Leaving his garret in the affluence, and blessed with an accomplished wife ena writer" who thus describes their modest domicile : alley of Montesquieu, he emerged at once as one of dowed with an ample dowry, the son of the artisan of

" It is now several years ago since I climbed, for the most prominent men in France, in the two para- Marseilles ought, in worldly estimation, to be happy, the first time, the innumerable steps of a gloomy mount fields of literature and politics. Growing dis- which we devoutly hope he is. building, situated at the bottom of the obscure and contented with the somewhat antiquated tone of the uncleanly alley de Montesquieu, in one of the most Constitutionel, he established in 1828 a new paper, densely populated and deafening quarters of Paris. more democratic in its principles, called the National.

THE WEST INDIES SINCE THE ABOLITION It was with a lively feeling of interest that I opened, In this journal an unrelenting war was waged against

OF SLAVERY. on the fourth floor, the begrimed pannels leading the Polignac administration, which, often suppressing into a small chamber, which is worth the trouble of particular numbers, and adopting other partial remedescribing ;-a low chest of drawers, a deal bed, cur- dies against the galling stings of Thiers and his assist- LITTLE, we believe, is accurately known respecting tains of white calico, two chairs, and a little black ants-Armand Carrel, and some of the most talented the condition and habits of the negro population of table, ricketty on its legs, composed the entire fur men of the liberal party-finally took the desperate our West India possessions, since the period of their nishing."

measure of the Ordinances of July. The revolution final emancipation from slavery two years ago ; and The manner in which M. Theirs raised himself of 1830, the result thereof, is known to all.

as we think that correct information should be disfrom this situation of obscurity and poverty, exhibits That event materially conduced to M. Thiers's ad- seminated on the subject, we beg to offer the following his energy and powers in a striking light. It was at vancement. Under the new government he was

to our readers. What we state may be depended on, the commencement of the year 1823, when the named counsellor of state, and intrusted, without any as far as any human testimony is worthy of credit, repressive administration of Villele was in full vigour. title, with the functions of secretary-general to the for we draw it from official papers lately laid before Manuel, the great orator, had just been violently ministry of finance under Baron Louis. The first the House of Commons, and now issued in a large expelled from the Chamber of Deputies, and he was, ministry of 1830 was composed of heterogeneous ma- volume, which has been printed by authority. The of course, the popular idol of the moment. M. Thiers terials, which were speedily decomposed. Under the topic being deeply interesting, may with advantage saw that, to him, an ambitious plebeian, the event Laffitte administration, formed in November 1830, occupy more than a single article. "We shall at premight prove auspicious. He went straightway to Thiers received the official title of under-secretary of sent confine ourselves to Jamaica, and take up the Manuel, himself a native of the south, and a man of state in the department to which he was already first head, which refers to the emancipation on the frankness and feeling, who, appreciating the value of attached. It may be mentioned that he had pre- 1st of August 1838, and its immediate consequences. the talents offered him, forth with presented Thiers to viously published a pamphlet on Law's system,

which,

In the year 1838, the governor of Jamaica was Sir M. Lafitte, and obtained his admission amongst the developing sound and comprehensive views of finance, Lionel Smith, who, to judge from his dispatches, is contributors to the Constitutionel, then the predomi- recommended him to that branch of the public ser a person of amiable disposition, and who zealously nant engine of the press. This opening he lost no vice. At the same time he was elected deputy for entered into the cause of emancipation. In the month time in turning to account. Eminently endowed the town of Aix, his alma mater, and made his first of July, he travelled through a considerable part of with a capacity for literary warfare, he soon became appearance in the Chamber, where he experienced an the island, explaining to the negroes the nature of the distinguished for the vigour and hardihood of his almost universally unfavourable reception.

change which was soon to take place in their condiarticles ; and as in France the occupation of a jour In person, M. Thiers is almost diminutive, with an tion, and recommending them to labour for reasonable nalist is regarded with an estimation proportioned to expression of countenance, though intellectual, reflec- wages to the employers under whom they happened its influence over society, the young contributor tive, and sarcastic, far from possessing the traits of to live. The scope of these admonitions will be best speedily found himself the object of high consideration. beauty. Moreover, the face itself, small in form, as understood by the following proclamation, addressed He passed into the most brilliant circles of the oppo- befits the body, is encumbered with a pair of spec- to the prædial apprentices by the governor:sition, into the crowded saloons of Lafitte, Casimir tacles so large, that, when peering over the marble “ In a few days more you will all become free Perier, the Count de Flahault, the Baron Louis, the edge of the long narrow pulpit, yclept the tribune, labourers, the legislature of the island having relingreat financier of the era, and even of M. de Talley- whence all speakers address the chamber, it is described quished the remaining two years of your apprenticerand, who, albeit fastidious in his company, is stated as appearing suspended to the two orbs of crystal.ship: to have detected with his keen glance the capabilities with such an exterior, presenting something of the The 1st of August next is the happy day when of the briefless advocate.

ludicrous, so fatal to effect, especially in volatile you will become free, under the same laws as other This introduction to society availed M. Thiers in France, M. Thiers, full of the impassioned eloquence freemen, whether white, black, or coloured. facilitating the great undertaking upon which his of his favourite revolutionary orators, essayed to im 1, your governor, give you joy of this great blessing. eminence principally rests. Combining with a singu- part those thrilling omotions recorded of Mirabeau.

Remember that in freedom you will have to depend lar facility of composition an astonishing memory, The attempt provoked derision, but only for a mo on your own exertions for your livelihood, and to great fluency and tact in conversation, and an admir- ment. In his new sphere, as in the others he had maintain and bring up your families. You will work able rapidity of comprehension, he found time to passed through, he soon outshone competition. Sub- for such wages as you can agree upon with your emsupply the exigencies of the daily press, to frequent siding into the oratory natural to him, simple, vigo- ployers. drawing-rooms, to talk much, to hear more, and after- rous, and rapid, he approved himself one of the most

It is their interest to treat you fairly. wards, in meditation and study, to adapt the fruit of formidable of parliamentary champions. Defending It is your interest to be civil, respectful, and indushis intercourse with actors in the grand revolutionary the ministry of Casimir-Perier, which succeeded trious. drama remnants of the Constituent and Legislative Laffitte's, he was held to have compromised the prin Where you can agree and continue happy with Assemblies, the Convention, the Council of Five ciples of his party, and an estrangement then occurred your old masters, I strongly recommend you to remain Hundred, the Legislative Body, and the Tribunate, between him and the ultra-liberals which has not yet on those properties on which you have been born, and statesmen, generals, diplomatists, and financiers-tó been wholly repaired. The accusation of political in- where your parents are buried. promote and embellish his History of the French consistency is one to which every public man is liable, But you must not mistake, in supposing that your Revolution,

upon which he had been for some time and principally the ablest, for, with more comprehen present houses, gardens, or provision grounds, are engaged. At length that well-known and great work, sive views, and a better appreciation of signs and your own property: The History of the French Revolution," made its changes, he models his action according to the exigen They belong to the proprietors of the estates, and appearance, and at once placed its author in the cies of circumstances, the truest wisdom, instead of you will have to pay rent for them in money or lahighest ranks of literary celebrity.

stubbornly dogmatising on theories obviously imprac bour, according as you and your employers may agree This work has run through numerous editions, and ticable or unsuitable. At the same time, this reproach together. attained a popularity far surpassing any other publi- is certainly in no ordinary degree merited by the chief Idle people, who will not take employment, but go cation on the same subject. Its principal merits politicians in France at this period, as the reader will wandering about the country, will be taken up as consist in the easy and flowing style of narration, the probably conclude if he should chance to consult an vagrants, and punished in the same manner as they distinct and apposite portraitures of men, the alloca- article entitled “Constitution of the Chamber of De- are in England. tion of the most material and striking facts and inci- puties in France,” which appeared in No. 393 of this The ministers of religion have been kind friends to dents, the harmonious arrangement, and the profound Journal, wherein a more ample exposition of the par- you ; listen to them, they will keep you out of troubles appreciation of events. In a history necessarily ties dividing France is given than our present limits and difficulties. containing so much of military detail, to those readers will permit.

Recollect what is expected of you by the people of whose acquaintance with fire is confined to the do Following M. Thiers in his high political career, we England, who have paid such a large price for your mestic hearth, as a French wit expresses it, the find it chequered by the usual absorbing alternations liberty. succinct and lucid accounts of campaigns and battles of office and opposition. From the 1lth October 1832, They not only expect that you will behave your

when the first Soult cabinet was constructed, he con- selves as the queen’s good subjects, by obeying the laws * M. Loève-Veimar: "Statesmen of France and England." tinued a minister, with one short interval, until the as I am happy to say you always have done as appren

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