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heavenly purity; it was next to impossible not to wonder or by night, at home or abroad, rich or poor, houseful “ Bedad ! he took the law of me then, and I was who she was, and how she came there, and this feeling or homeless, to have the law, or my vengeance out” cast." would have been increased if her cheeks had been as Before he could proceed farther with his fearful * Well ?” pale as they were in general; but the agitation of the oath, the hand of his beautiful wife was pressed upon “ Why, then, I bate him again.” And for this, scene had called into them a rose-like colour. Irish his lips. To rush forward, sink upon her knees by Jasper added, “he was murdered intirely, for he was gentlemen, polished as they are when mingling with his side, encircle his neck with her arm, and close his bound over to keep the pace for two years, and was those in their own sphere of life, are by no means lips as I have described, was but the work of an in- losing the use of his limbs for want of practice.” It is gracious to their inferiors. There are some exceptions, stant. “You shan't swear like that,” she exclaimed, impossible not to laugh at Jasper's perseverance and to be sure, but Mr Russel was not one ; and yet he and I to the fore. You shan't indeed, John asthore. pugnacity, but it is too true that we often laugh where bowed to Alice; not the leering bow of a fox-hunter, Cor-a-ma-chree! you wouldn't break the heart of yer reflection would make us weep: Whoever would but the respectful salutation which is man's natural poor Ally, John darlint? Sure it is'nt for you to check the spirit of litigation which fills the pockets tribute to beauty and virtue. He even asked her demane yourself like a poor ignorant craythur that of the Irish pettifogging
attorneys who dwell in county to sit down, but she gathered her cloak gracefully knows no better, only flying in the face of the Al- towns, on fair and market days, with crown and halfround her, and shrinking, as it were, within its folds, mighty with an oath, as if you had'nt the courage of crown fees, would do almost as much towards the saldrew back her little girl, who had renewed an acquaint- a man, John, in yer own brave breast, to keep your vation of Ireland, as he who checks the progress of ance with one of the dogs,* which licked her little fat promise without that-sure if the law and the justice intemperance. hands, moving his tail with great dignity, as if to is on our side, darlint, is'nt that enough? Let them Mr Russel knew perfectly well that in cunning intimate that he did the little maid an honour. take oaths and swear that won't be believed with: Abel Carr was as much an over-match for John
* Stand back every one of ye !" said John to his out,” she added proudly, while her husband rose Leahy, as John Leahy was in bodily strength for faction ; " have ye nó manners? No more manners with her, half ashamed of his impetuosity. “Let Abel Carr. He knew that Leahy had embroiled himthan tó dar to come without invitation into his them swear whose word is lighter than the down of a self for the last year with the crafty Abel, and yet honour's own room! I'm ashamed of ye, I am, to thistle in a high wind, but John Leahy's word is the Abel was, in the sight of the country, getting the dar to come into his honour's place ; stand back, I say, word of an honest man ; tell his honour ye'll have advantage of his opponent at every hand's turn; and show that little carroty-headed spalpeen a patthern yer rights and keep them !-though, God knows,” she working him out of his land, not only on this but on of gen-til-lity; if we are strong in our cause, boys, let added, while her voice faltered, “God knows his other occasions. It was neither Abel's interest, nor us be marciful! Now, yer honour, now that that Oma- honour's advice was best—it's better to divide what his intention, to suffer any matter pending between dawn has got his dirty mane-spirited soul into yer one has, than” She saw the keen eye of the Gold-them to be clearly understood. He was the sort of presince, i should like to tell him a piece of my finch fixed upon her, and she paused; then curtseying person who would bear a beating for the sake of the mind.”
to Mr Russel, she added mildly, “ I ask yer honour's damages ; and Mr Russel knowing this, was anxious “ You can do that at any other time quite as well," pardon, but I could'nt help it. He's my husband that, while he yielded him the free-born right of anobserved the magistrate.
and—but I hope yer honour will excuse me; I know swering his accuser, that accuser should hold his “ Only if I had yer honour's glory for a witness." yer honour does not like swearing no more than me, if tongue, for Abel was proud of his knowledge, proud “ I tell you what,” said Mr Russel, sternly; “ you, I may make bould to say so.”
of “his law;" and the magistrate knew that, as John John Leany, commonly called Johnny the Giant, and Well, plaze yer honour,” said John, “I only mane himself said, “ if he had rope enough given, he woull you, Abel Carr, commonly called Aby the Goldfinch, that while I've a shilling in my pocket, a coat on my hang himself.”. But this giving of rope was what, with if you exchange either words or blows within the pre- back, or a straw in my thatch, I'U hace the law; and all his knowledge, John would not do, and so he foiled cinets of my house or domain, I'll commit you both if yer honour (whom I'd rather trouble by day or by night the magistrate's kind intention. for forty-eight hours to the body of Limerick jail; and -on account of the respect I have for yer honour, and John called Abel Carr “the artfulest thief under what will be worse, I'll confine you both in the same me and mine having done so for the last hundred heaven,” and yet he met him, as it were, open mouthed. cell, where you may eat each other, like the Kilkenny years and more-than any other magistrate in the He knew he had spent all his early days in the chicats, and a good riddance the country will have of a county)-but if yer honour wont listen to rason, and canery of an attorney's office, yet he ran into law with pair of fools-who are eternally GOING TO LAW.” see me righted, and punish that desaver, that has never him with as much avidity as if he had been coursing
“Oh, my Lud a’mighty !” exclaimed the old woman, had the courage to open his face since he came into a hare. « did any body ever hear the like o' that! His honour yer honour's house, why, I'll go to Limerick—I'll put After much stormy discussion-for at every second a justice o' pace, and to see him set agin the law !" myself under the care of 'Turney Botherum. If I sentence Mr Russel was obliged to interpose his autho
“ It is because I am a justice of pace,' as you call starve, I'll have justice—if I die, i'll have law!" rity--the magistrate came to the conclusion, that, in it, that I do my best to prevent my tenants from " And the devil give ye good of it,” squeaked out addition to the disputed half acre, the Giant charged going to law. Why, you people can never enter into the Goldfinch. “Now, if yer honour's glory will listen the Goldfinch with turning a stream he had no right to å lawsuit without committing assault and battery to me--see that now! if he'll give up the half acre, turn, and foran assault; and the Goldfinch avowed his upon each other during its progress, so as to create that, according to a covenant in my uncle Tom's will, right to turn the stream, and denied the assault ; and half a dozen actions out of one. You bring ruin and was to be mine, if his aunt Biddy on the mother's side upon this there were half-a-dozen of the clan Giant degradation upon yourselves, and frequently, too fre- died without childre_which she did, poor unhappy ready to swear it had been made, and half-a-dozen of quently, disgrace the records of your country by ould craythur"
the clan Goldfinch ready to swear it had not been murder !"
“What's that he says?" interrupted the old woman, made. And this tangled net of bog, and stream, and “Oh, bedad, yer honour !" said the Giant, “ye may setting her“ talons” in order. “ What's that he says battle, was crossed and recrossed by several webs of make yer mind aisy as to him : sorra take me if I'd about my aunt Biddy ?"
minor but not less perplexing import; how Aby Carr's dirty my fingers with such a grassnauget as Abel Carr. “Wisht !” interposed the Giant ; “ I'm aisy now brother Mike had laid a plan of abduction, in which The only way I can touch him, sir, is with the arm of jist give him rope enough, and he'll hang himself-go Alice's sister Anne was to have been the victim ; the law, and by the holy":
on, if it's plazing to ye, Misther Abel Carr-sir, if you how John's brother's boat on the Shannon had a hole Stop now, gently," said Mr Russel, “ no swear plaze !"
knocked through its side by Aby's sister's son ; how ing ; but if you can come to the point at once, I will “ I'd scorn to talk to you, you unedicated bog--but I shall never get to the end of my story at this hear you, and little Abel shall afterwards tell his story; trotther!" quoth the Goldfinch.
rate. The worthy magistrate saw it was impossible and I must say Aby comes more quickly to the point “Who do you call unedicated !" returned Leahy; to unravel their mysteries ; the best advice, to make than you do."
“I did not get my larning off the pack-saddle of a it up amongst themselves, they would not take ; and “ Aisy for him!", muttered old Mrs Leahy;" he's broken-down exciseman, nor in the office of a dirty so Mr Russel, his whole morning wasted (but as he been at a point all his life—the point of the gallows !" 'turney."
was an Irish country gentleman, that, in his estimaMr Russel had resumed his seat with the air of a « Shame on you both!" interposed the magistrate ; tion, did not signify very much), desired them all to man determined to be patient; “ the Goldfinch" had “and you, Abel Carr, stick-if it be possible for an go about their business, and trouble him no more. watched with cat-like observance the words and ges- Irishman to stick to the one point; do so, in God's And Abel Carr, well pleased, said he would never tures of the whole company; he now folded his arms name, and say what you propose."
have troubled his honour, but for the necessity there and seemed resolved upon patience also, only saying, “ He has tould yer honour, I suppose, about the was of clearing his character to so good a "jontleman.” in a whining tone, “ I'm a fair-daling, fair-maning strame? Ye understand, it runs through my ground And John Leahy declared there was no use in going little man, yer honour, wishing to earn a bit of bread before it comes to his, little as it is; and it was my to a landlord, and a magistrate, who had no "laning for myself, my wife, and five little childre, and never convanyance to make a ditch across the dawshy towards an ould residenter," but that he'd “take the quarrelling with any one except for what's my oron, strame”
law of the leprehawn, if it left him a beggar on the
“He owns to that, yer honour-hear to that; he face of the earth.” And it was piteous to see the “ Hear to that, father of justice !” exclaimed the owns to making the ditch," said the Giant.
expression of agony that passed over Alice Leahy's Giant. “But yer honour sees how paceable I am-(oh, “To be sure I do! Sure I've a right to make a face, as she glanced from her husband to her child. you false-hearted little leprehawn !)—I'm as aisy as a ditch on my own land; but this man, as soon as my And now, how were the contending factions to cow in clover-(I'm not done nor begun wid ye yet). ditch is finished_in the night-time or day-time, it's disperse ? The women of both begged that his honour's There, now, I'll tell ye all—I'll begin at onst at the all one to him-shovels it down again."
glory would prevent the spillin' of blood, and keep one beginning."
“ And you thought to take a dirty advantage of me set prisoners till the other was gone. But Mr Russel, Ay, do !” groaned the magistrate.
whin my foot slipt, and smother me in it,” added Mr by a skilful maneuvre, dispatched the Giant's friends “Well, sir, my great-grandfather's new lase is dated, Leahy.
by the stable entrance, and those of Abel Carr through as I daresay yer honour knows, 1722 :- a ninety Oh, heavenly father !” exclaimed the tiny red- the hall door, and finished his morning by arranging, nine years' lase it was which yer honour had the headed man,“ listen to that, and me trying to get in a more satisfactory manner, some trifling disputes goodness to renew for three lives and thirty-one years. him out, and he so tossicated with the liquor, that his amongst some of his humbler neighbours, who had the Sure we're bound to take good care of yer honour, breath crossing a sunbame would have set the hearens in a good sense not to go to law. for your own life and Masther Arthur's are first of blaze; the Lord above purtect us from drunkards !" But his trials for the day were not over. Neither the three Well”
It required all Mr Russel's influence to pre an Englishman nor an Irishman likes to be disturbed “Good heavens!". exclaimed the gentleman,, I've vent John Leahy (who might really be called a immediately after dinner ; yet Mr Russel had not heard that twenty times, and all about the half acre sober man) from seizing and annihilating the pro- finished his second tumbler, when the servant said of bog which Abel Carr says is on his land, and you voking little farmer. The quarrellers had tormented Mrs Leahy wanted to speak a word with his honour, say is on yours, as if you could ascertain which land Mr Russel touching this half-acre business at least and would not keep him a minute. was under the bog, fools that you are ; and I have be- twenty times, and always with the same result ; ask “ Is it the young or the old one ?" inquired the sought you over and over again, if you could not agree ing his advice, and following their own. It is oda magistrate. The servant said " it was Alice," and Mr as to who had a right to it, just quietly to divide it.” enough that a people so fond of breaking the law, Russel said she must be shown up immediately, and
". Is it give up me right ?" exclaimed John Leahy should be so fond of going to law, and generally end the two young ladies nearly quarrelled as to who had indignantly, and flinging down his hat and shillala, by being dissatisfied with the law's result, and then the best right to place a chair for the farmer's sweet he dropped suddenly upon his knees, snatched the take it into their own hands. An Englishman, if he wife : a legal question, which papa decided by declarPrayer-book from off the table, pressed it to his lips, is insulted, walks off as quietly to a police office as if ing both had the right—the eldest, because she was tlie and began, “ I, John Leahy, will never cease by day he were going to a funeral, makes his charge, and is, eldest; and the youngest, bo ause she was the youngest.
generally speaking, well satisfied with the result. He As soon as this point was settled, Mrs Leahy was ir* In Ireland a sporting landlord sends out his young dogs “ to
does not do as a huge Wexford farmer, Jasper Corish troduced. She sat down, for her trembling limbs be nursed" at the farm-houses; and I have seen many recogni. Lawrence Costello ?” he was asked one day.
by name, once did.
“How have you managed with appeared scarcely able to sustain her weight; but tions between the peasants and dogs, which, however, I believe
after resting a few moments, she rose, curtsied, and the huntsman does not approve of.
“Why,” said Jasper, “I took the law of him first, advanced to the table, upon which she placed her | Hedgehog.
and then I bate him just within an inch of his fingers, as if fearful that, unsupported, she could not Landlords in Ireland frequently use the precaution of having life.”
stand ; she then, in the low soft tones of suppressed their own lives in the lease."
" And what followed ?"
feeling, apologised for her intrusion, and commenced.
yer honour !"
in the earnest language of a warm but untutored heart, as an eel, it ’ill tell no law till he has the bit of yellow ships (the Diana, of which he was commander), with to ask counsel of Mr Russel, and state her fears and goold ; and he wont let me go with him, because his eight others, under the convoy of a seventy-four gun auxieties.
people say I tell all, but he takes his mother, and one ship. On reaching the latitude of 8 degrees south, “ Plaze yer honour, and you, ma'am, who knew me or two more. Now, the 'turney, if he was as great a and the longitude of 88 degrees east, we unfortunately before I knew myself , and you, young ladies,
growing lawyer as King Solomon, would never make out the encountered one of the most tremendous hurricanes up before my eyes in beauty, garden
roses that ye are, rights of it from John; and to get rid of the trouble that was perhaps ever experienced by a ship that did my husband is gone over to Pether Pendergrast, and of thinking, he'll maybe give an encouraging answer, not actually founder. It is impossible to convey to the ould woman along with him, and the child—the and that will be worse than ever. So, I had a thought, the minds of those who have never witnessed such a only blossom left us—asleep, the Lord look down on if yer honour, who knows the 'turney so well, would storm, any adequate idea of the fury with which it her! and so I thought I'd make bould to come over be so good as to give him an idea of how it really was; blew during the three days and nights of its continuand open my mind, on account of the notion Johın has maybe he might get him to give up the weary bit of ance, the sound resembling more a succession of peals in his head of going to law. Ye see, yer honour, bog without risking all we have in a lawsuit, for men of thunder, or the roaring of cannon, than of wind; Pether Pendergrast pushes him on to it ; and his of my husband's temper will often take an advice from whilst the sea formed one continued breach over the mother, living so long on the land, poor woman, it's a stranger that they would not listen to from their own ship, sweeping every thing moveable before it. Durno wonder she should take on about every blade of people.”
ing nearly the whole of this period, the passengers, grass, and think a dale of every green shamrogue that Mr Russel could not help admiring the wisdom of officers, and crew, were, without distinction of persons, springs from the sod. It's as good as four year since Alice Leahy; it was so simply and modestly spoken, employed in pumping or baling, cutting away masts, the first notion took him about law. Yer honour and yet replete with the difficult knowledge of human securing guns, or in other work essential to the safety minds the fair that time, and how he was brought in nature—that knowledge which books cannot teach. of the ship ; whilst, owing to the impracticability of about a bit of a dispute ; well, every thing went so “ Well,” he said, “ I will call upon my friend Bothe- getting into the hold through the body of water always much to his mind then, sir, that he unfortunately took rum the first thing to-morrow morning, but you must lodged on the gun-deck, the chief part of the period a liking to the law; and little Aby Carr urged on his explain to me exactly how it is. I have heard the was passed without food, or even a drop of water to claims to this weary bit of bog, and my trouble is, that half-acre affair six times at least, without being much allay the thirst of the men at the pumps, who were through the half acre we shall be broke altogether." the wiser.” Alice did so, and increased the astonish- with difficulty, and occasionally could not be, pre
“ How do you mean ?" inquired Mr Russel; “my ment of the worthy lady and gentleman by her clear- vented from swallowing the bilge water as it ascended agent has said nothing of your husband's being in ness and perspicuity. Nr Russel renewed his promise from the well. And had it not been for the fortunato arrear."
of being with the attorney the first thing in the morn- circumstance of a quantity of this precious beverage “Thank God, he's not that, sir,” replied Alice, almost ing; and as she was about to withdraw, he put to being found in the lockers of the great cabin, which proudly; “ we paid the agent up, sir, though some her an experimental question, “Mrs Leahy, are you was latterly served out at the pumps in wine-glasses, of the cattle, the brindled cow I reared from a calf quite right to do this without your husband's know the probability is, that we should have literally perished with my own hand—the same age as little Peggy she ledge ?"
through the want of a liquid, of which there was an was-went with the rest to make up the last gale." " If yer honour had a relation gone mad, wouldn't abundance in the hold. Our distress, too, was not a
“ I should have been told this," said Mr Russel, you strive to hinder him from doing any harm to him- little aggravated by two of the twelve-pounders being who, though a magistrate when present, was generally self or another ?” He replied, “ But my tenant, your adrift at once on the gun-deck, causing the greatest an absent Irishman, and knew but little of his estate, husband, is not mad, surely ?"
consternation lest some port should be stove in by their except during the hunting season.
* Plase yer honour, I do not think any man going means. Notwithstanding, the fore-mast, mizen-mast, “ I don't complain of that, yer honour; there's to law can be in his senses."
main-top-mast, and bowsprit, were, at the peril of our no use crying afther the snow that fell last year; but “What a sensible as well as a beautiful woman that lives, successively cut away. At the close of the third I do complain of the money that goes in law, and, is!" observed the magistrate, as Alice curtsied herself day, we were left with seven feet of water in the bold, above all, of the time spent about it for nothing. out of the room.
and four feet in parts of the gun-deck, frequently with Never a cause in the coort-house of Limerick that “So she is, my dear,” answered his wife ; “ do you three out of the four pumps choked at a time, and comes on, but he's off to hear tried, saying if it does remember what she said about the obstinacy of all without the slightest prospect of any abatement of not do him good one time, it may another; and then, men, and being obliged to regret afterwards that they the storm, yer honour, his people and neighbours, knowing his did not follow their
wives' advice ?"
I have been a witness to many a distressing scene way, get round him, and he treats them, and”.
“Humph !" said the magistrate. And here we con on the ocean, but never in the course of my practice “This is very bad indeed,” said Mr Russel for poor clude the first part of our story.
have I been present at one so distressing, at least to my Alice's emotion overcame her.
own feelings, as that which I have more immediately “This is very sad ; I thought John was an excellent
under consideration. The scene I am now drawing to a husband,” said Mrs Russel.
R MARSHALL'S EXPERIENCE WITH close was one of peculiar excitement, painful feelings, “ A good husband !-Oh, then, the Lord guide and
THE MARINE BAROMETER.
and of heavy responsibility. Well may the Psalmist unkind word did he ever give me; but for all that, he's ber a short paper was presented, detailing, according sion. At the close of the third day of this awful purtect him, that he is, and always was ; never an Ir will perhaps be recollected that in our 349th num- say, These men see the works of the Lord, and his
wonders in the deep.' But to return from this digresa man, and will take his own way, though when he gets into any little distress, he's sure to bemoan him to the views of Lieutenant Colonel Reade, the manner hurricane, the cabins below being no longer habitable, self, and say, if he had took my advice he'd not have in which violent storms and hurricanes usually act in the passengers were crowded into one side of the roundhad that trouble ; but sure he does the same thing tropical climates, and the laws by which they are house, as being the only cabin from which the water over again the next minute. There's many idle bad- regulated. Storms, it was explained, do not advance, could
be effectually excluded. Here, then, a scene of
woe was exhibited which baffled description-a scene comes of any one, so their own turn's served ; and it as is commonly, supposed, in a direct line, but in a
circle or parabola like a whirlwind, and by the timely twain, especially of his on whom all eyes were turned goes to my heart to see such as my husband put upon
sufficiently appalling to rend the stoutest heart in by some, and tormented by others, who have nothing consultation of the marine barometer, may be in a for that relief which it was not in his power to afford betther than him—but cunning. I can see through great measure avoided by ships which are liable to be -even to her, who had the strongest of all claims on Aby Carr. If my husband gave up that half acre overtaken by them. A confirmation of Colonel Reade's him for consolation, and whose peculiarly interesting quiet and aisy, it would break his heart. He knows valuable theory is found in a letter from Mr Marshall, situation demanded the utmost stretch of his symcontention. As long as he keeps him in contention formerly commander of one of the Honourable East
The ship, apparently water-logged, was now observed about that and the little strame of water, that's good India Company's ships, which was published nearly to be settling fast forward. Every countenance exhifor nothing in the world but the wild birds of the air fourteen years ago in the journals of the Cape, and bited a picture of despair ; when, at this critical because he neglects his farming that he does under: The following abridged account of Mr Marshall's exto drink of, he knows that he must fall into trouble, transferred a few weeks since into the Athenæum. moment, the wind rapidly began to subside, which
was no sooner announced to the people at the pumps,
than their labours, which, from a feeling of desponthe Almighty! rd sooner see him-dear as he is, perience will
be read with interest by all who take dency, had previously languished, were resumed with and wrapt up within my heart ever since I heard the pleasure in the triumphs of science over ignorance renewed vigour ; and such was the rapidity of the first sound of his voice, as the misthress remembers and prejudice.
change in our favour, that one of the most dreadful me, a little colleen at my mother's door-I'd sooner see
Mr Marshall strongly recommends commanders of of all storms was speedily lulled into a perfect calm; him dead—I think I would—than the mean bad thing vessels to pay the most pointed attention to the indi- the ship once more rose freely to the sea, and by day
" You are quite right; but what can I do more cations of the marine barometer, which never fails, by charged from her."But the vessel now " Jay-a helpless than advise him against this going to law which he is the fall of the mercury, to indicate an approaching wreck on the water, exposed to every surge of the sea, 80 fond of l” inquired Mr Russel. “ I never knew a storm. The seaman is thus enabled, by bringing his which had not subsided so rapidly as the wind, and rich man take to law, that he was not made much ship to the wind, and other preparations, to secure which occasioned her to roll most awfully; and now, as poorer by it, nor a poor man, that he was not ruined,” to himself the best chance of escaping damage. “Even she rose on the mountainous billow, every eye eagerly
“ Well,” said the wife, with a look of beautiful if at the moment the sky should be cloudless, the swept the horizon in search of the fleet, but all in vain, resignation," if it must be so, it must, that's all ; I'll atmosphere motionless, and no other indication of for not a ship could be seen ; upon which we tremblod do my best to prevent it ; but if it comes, why, the a storm throughout the whole visible horizon, than for their fate. The bowsprit, fore-mast, mizen-mast, and worst will be orer—the grace of God is above us all that which this invaluable instrument affords him, main-top-mast, as before intimated, were all gone by I'll never reproach him by word or look, and I'll work still he will take his measures with the same degree the board; the whole of the live stock (with a trifling with him and for him, and for the bird of my bosonn- of promptitude and energy as though the danger exception), consisting of 150 sheep, 30 pigs, 4 cows, work for them-or She could not say BEG; the had already commenced ; and when the flattering 3 calves, 8 goats, and many hundred head of poultry, word was stayed in her throat, and instead, she added, gale springs up to favour his course, he will not be were washed overboard, or otherwise destroyed; nearly * Travel with them to the grave.”
tempted to pursue it through any fallacious notion all the captain's stores, the medicine chest, and sea“Not while we have a house on our estate to shelter of shortening the period of his voyage ; for if my men's chests, with their contents, were in the same you," said Mrs Russel, kindly.
theory be correct, he may rest assured that the farther predicament. After an anxious scrutiny of the charts, "May the great God bless you for that!" murmured he advances, the greater will be the fury of the tem no friendly port was found to be within reach of us; Alice through her tears. The prayer came warm and pest; that it is a principle of every hurricane to the nearest towards the east was Bencoolen, which, pure from her heart, and as such was registered in narrow its sphere in proportion to its duration ; that on account of the season of the year, was difficult of heaven,
wherever the storm commences, there it will soonest approach, and incapable of affording the relief we “ But a poor woman like me," she resumed, en- terminate ; and, consequently, that his easiest way to stood in need of. Towards the west was the Isle of deavouring to smile, “ has no right to be troubling the escape from its fury is to remain
as stationary as pos- France, then in possession of the French. To proceed quality with her troubles. Yer honour understands sible. I should not have dwelt on some of these points, direct to the Cape was an undertaking which, at the that there isn't a jackeen* attorney in the town that had I not been aware that a notion is but too preva- first blush of our situation, pobody conceived to be hasn't given him half-a-crown, or five shillings, or lent among seamen, that scudding before the storm is practicable. Still, upon a closer inspection of our may be seven-and-sixpence worth, of bad advice, either the shortest way to get out of it ; an error which is resources, many difficulties were obviated, and our apon this or something else, and called it law; and attended with this additional evil, that those precious situation appeared to be far less desperate than wo now he has the notion of going to 'Turney Botherum, moments which intervene between the fall of the had at first imagined. Our stock of water and salt prowho they say any day is as good as a counsellor, only quicksilver and the rising of the storm, are expended visions, which was considerable, was happily found to he wont do any law, not open his lips, under ten shil-|(perhaps never to be retrieved) in a proceeding which, be uninjured : we had rice and spirits in abundance. lings, to the poorest ; and though his tongue is as glib in my opinion, is fraught with nothing but mischief. Our spare stock of spars, which was also considerable,
It was in October of the year 1808, that I left and well secured before the storm commenced, was * Petty, low, sharp, cunning, pettifogging.
Madras on board one of the East India Company's safe ; we had spare sails, canvass, and cordage suffi
Goliath comes with sword and spear,
cient, and we knew our situation to be on the verge sant reading, yet not without gradations of interest, I knew the family, very well that gave it to Shakspeare ?! of the south-east trade-wind, which blew direct to though arising rather from the nature of the sub Where was that? Ay, and still more, where was that wards the Cape, and the season for entering Table jects than from the mode of treating them, which is grand old piece of carving which used to be over the Bay was favourable. After due deliberation at a uniformly in that style of mingled sentiment and fa- mantel-piece, coloured and gilt, and representing David meeting of the officers of the ship, and the principal miliar remark which so agreeably characterises Mr fighting with
Goliath between the adverse armies ; and passengers, it was unanimously resolved to undertake Howitt's writings. Of the descriptions of old resi- over their heads, on a flying label or garter, this inscripthe voyage to the Cape ; and, as an encouragement dences, that of Compton Winyates is decidedly the tion, said, and sufficiently testified by the splendour of to the crew to give their spontaneous exertions
, the house being not only a perfect specimen of the verse, to be written by the immortal bard' himself ? favour of this great undertaking, a subscription was that Elizabethan kind of mansion known in England
And David with his sling; immediately entered into, with a view to replace their by the term “hall,” but very singularly situated, and
Although Goliath rage and swear, chests, clothes, &c., on our arrival at the Cape, which having some uncommon features of decoration. Of
Down David doth him bring. were lost in the storm. L.700 were raised for this the visits to “remarkable places,” we think Stratford
SAMUEL, xvii. An. Dom. 1606.* * purpose in the course of a few minutes (perhaps an the best, notwithstanding the previous paper of The iron box tnat held the poet's will ; Shakspeare's unprecedented act of similar liberality), which was Washington Irving on the same subject.
bench ; pieces of his mulberry-tree; the box given to no sooner communicated to the crew, than they gave In this portion of Mr Howitt's book we find, of him by the Prince of Castile ; a piece of the very matchthree hearty cheers, and declared their readiness to course, no new fact in Shakspeare's biography (that, lock with
which he shot the deer; the portraits of Sir perform every duty required of them; and never was we suppose, is past praying for); but he nevertheless John Bernard and his lady Elizabeth, the grandaughter a promise more rigidly fulfilled : however, in spite of throws some light on the mental history of the man
of Shakspeare ; the portrait of Charlotte Clopton in her these but seldom paralleled exertions, we were eleven by his local observations. At Shottry, near Stratford, Carried off by the indignant and vindictive Mary Homby,
trance ; the pedigree, and the will—where were they all ? weeks in reaching the destined port, after suffering where the house of his wife Anne Hathaway still exists, who was too selfish to pay more than L.40 a-year for the many privations. Still I consider this as one of the he discovers some natural objects which Shakspeare house in which so great à genius was born ; for all the happiest periods of my life ; and judging from the has alluded to, and which his commentators have been great names of all the illustrious people, from all quarters number of cheerful countenances, and the unanimity at a loss to explain-mysteries to Steevens and Malone, of the world, written by the blacklead pencils of every which reigned throughout the ship, I much doubt but familiar to the fellow-villagers of the poet. He is known manufactory, and all these precious relics to boot whether it were not the lot of every soul on board. at some pains to do away with the impressions which -such a collection as was never yet seen on this side of I cannot account for the fact, unless it were owing Shakspeare's satire has communicated respecting the Loretto. to the particular frame of mind we had imbibed from Lucys of Charlcot, whom he found to have been all But the ravages of this modern Goth and Vandal, Mary our recent deliverance-a frame of mind which phi- along an amiable and every way respectable family. Homby, could not be entirely repaired-they might, howlosophy might spurn at, but which religion might have The portrait which he gives of the Sir Thomas who ever, be in some degree mitigated ; and as the disconso hailed as the precursor of the only solid happiness is supposed to have been
the original of Justice Shal- late successor ruminated
on the mcans, lo! a most happy destined for man.
low, exhibits a head which never could have belonged and inspired idea occurred to her. Mary Homby had The day of our arrival in Table Bay was one of to a man liable to be with truth so described. There been in a passion, and perhaps she had forgotten to put intense excitement, anxious as we naturally were to is some amusing matter respecting the commercial any size into her whitewash. A brush was instantly ascertain the fate of a fleet from which we had sepa- importance which Shakspeare's fame has conferred on tainty!--Mary Homby had omitted the size, and by rated eleven weeks before under such unpropitious the house in which he was born.
gentle and continued friction of the brush, the millions circumstances. This suspense, however, was of short “ Opposite to this town-hall is a house occupied by a of pencilled names once more appeared in all their oriduration ; our worthy commodore, with five of his Mr Reason, who has a sign in front of it, announcing that ginal clearness! The relics were at once pronouncedconvoy, were soon discovered to be safe at anchor in there is kept a collection of articles which were in the humbug;-new Albums were opened, and the Shakspeare the bay; the remaining three ships were missing, and, house where the poet was born, and remained there till show-room was restored to its ancient value. In fact, sad to tell, have never since been heard of. Of thosé Mary Homby, the mother of the present Mrs Reason, was this house, which was some years ago purchased of Joan which were safe, four, including the seventy-four gun obliged to leave it on account of the proprietor raising Sbakspeare's descendants, the Harts, with other property, ship, had been in more or less danger of foundering in the rent so much in consequence of the numerous visits for L.250, is now said to be worth L.2000." the storm ; whilst two escaped with but little injury, to it. She at first gave ten, then twenty, then forty In the same article Mr Howitt takes particular owing, as it appeared from a comparison of journals
, pounds a-year for it; but the tide
, near Stratford, the residence to their having escaped the brunt of the storm by the demand of the landlord still
rose with it, till either of the chief family of the
district in Shakspeare's time, being considerably to windward of the others ; thus Homby gave
way. She gave notice to quit the house
, and apparently as good a specimen as any of the old corroborating the theory with which I commenced, and another person immediately took it. A violent feud halls which it is partly, the purpose of the book to in my endeavours to prove that where the storm begins, there it will soonest end. During a greater part Mary Homby, of course, stripped the house of every a letter by a lady of his acquaintance, which conveys
arose between the outgoing and the incoming exhibitor. describe. Respecting this mansion, Mr Howitt prints of the third day, which was by far the most tempes- article that had been shown as Shakspeare's. But she the matter in so pithy and so generally interesting a tuous with us, these two ships lay nearly becalmed. did not stop there. She deliberately, or perhaps, as will shape, that we are tempted to extract it :
Such were the disastrous effocts of this memorable appear probable, rather hastily, took a brush and a pail “I wonder if you know Clopton Hall, about a mile hurricane, from a summary of which I think myself of whitewash, and washed over all the
millions of inscribed from Stratford-on-Avon. Will you allow me to tell you at liberty to draw the following practical inference, names of adoring visitors on the walls !, At one fell of a very happy day I once spent there. I was at school namely, that had we instantly attended to the timely swoop, out went the illustrious
signatures of kings, queens, in the neighbourhood, and one of my schoolfellows was. warning of the barometer, by bringing the ship to the princes, princesses, ambassadors and ambassadresses, the
daughter of a Mr W—who then lived at Clopton. wind, and making preparations for the storm, instead lords, ladies, knights, poets, philosophers, statesmen, tra: Mrs Wasked a party of the girls to go and spend a of scudding before it until we could scud no longer, gedians, comedians, bishops, lord chancellors, lord chief long afternoon, and we set off one beautiful autumn day, we should have escaped with as little injury as the justices, privy councillors,
senators, and famous orators; full of delight and wonder respecting the place we were two ships I have just alluded to; and that, had the honourables and dishonourables-out went they altoge- fields, till we came within sight of the house--a large,
all the sweet tribe of duchesses, countesses, baronesses, going to see. We passed through desolate, half-cultivated three unfortunate ships which foundered in the storm ther, with as little remorse as if Death himself had been heavy, compact, square brick building, of that deep dead pursued a similar course, which it may be fairly pre-wielding the besom of destruction, instead of Mary red almost approaching to purple. În front was a large sumed they did not, a very different fate might have Homby her whitewash brush. befallen them too."
formal court, with the massy pillars surmounted with two Mary Homby having executed this sublime extinction grim monsters ; but the walls of the court were broken of so many dignities, marched out with a lofty sense of down, and the grass grew as rank and wild within the en
the vacuum she left behind, carrying away with her the closure as in the raised avenue walk down which we had HOWITT'S VISITS TO REMARKABLE Albums into the bargain. The new tenant on entering come. The flowers were tangled with nettles, and it was PLACES.*
was struck with a speechless consternation! In the only as we approached the house that we saw the single We consider this as one of the most pleasing of Mr immortal bard's' own words, all the precious relics had yellow rose and the Austrian briar trained into someHowitt's fast increasing catalogue of productions.
Vanished like the baseless fabric of a vision,
thing like order round the deep-set diamond-paned winFirst, with regard to its externals, it is an octavo of
And left not a wreck behind.
dows. We trooped into the hall, with its tesselated extra size, and above five hundred pages, beautiful in Nothing at all but foar bare walls! What was to be marble floor, hung round with strange portraits of people paper and print, and enriched with about forty most done ? It was still Shakspeare's birth-place, but it was
who had been in their graves two hundred years at least; exquisite wood engravings by Samuel Williams. It a very naked one indeed-all the imposing relics were
yet the colours were so fresh, and in some instances they is the more important to be exact in these matters, as gone, and a rival shop was set up with them! She looked were so life-like, that, looking merely at the faces, I
almost fancied the originals might be sitting in the parthe volume appears to be of the kind designed for pre- with a diminished stock, and a formidable rival, and she lour beyond. More completely to carry us back,
as it sents, and whose fate it is to be fondled in lady's bower, accordingly raised a loud clamour in the ears of the land- were, to the days of the civil wars, there was a sort of drawing-room. Of the places visited, it is proper that and claimed the goods as heir-looms—as part and parcei showing the stations of the respective armies, and with Penshurst in Kent, the ancient seat of the Sydneys, story. He then claimed the Albums, and commenced towns, setting forth the strength of the garrison, &c. In endeared on account of Sir Philip-on account of his proceedings to recover them, but with no better success.
this hall we were met by our kind hostess, and told we sister, “ Pembroke's mother".
-, on account of Ben Money was then offered for them, but money could not might ramble where we liked, in the house or out of the Jonson, and other English worthies of the sixteenth buy them; so it was absolutely
necessary to commence house, taking care to be in the recessed parlour' by tea and seventeenth centuries. Soon after this follows anew with blank walls and blank books. It was a me
time. I preferred to wander up the wide shelving oak “Stratford-on-Avon," one of the longest and most lancholy coming down. Where was the chair called staircase, with its massy balustrade all crumbling and elaborate papers in the book. “ Combe Abbey" and Shakspeare's chair, which had stood in a niche in the
worm-eaten. The family then residing at the hall did
not occupy one-half-no, not one-third of the rooms; and " Compton Winyates,” both in Warwickshire, are the room, and the
armıs of which alone had been sold for
the old-fashioned furniture was undisturbed in the greater principal old English residences, besides Penshurst, of twenty-three guineas ? Where were those two fine old which Mr Howitt presents any account. He has a high-backed chairs which were said to be given to part of them. In one of the bedrooms (said to be long and very good paper on “ Hampton Court." A Shakspeare by the Earl of Southampton, with the
earl's haunted), and which, with its close pent-up atmosphere visit to the Great Jesuits' College at Stonyhurst in coronet and supporters (animals having an odd look, and the long shadows of evening creeping on, gave me
an eerie' feeling, hung a portrait so singularly beautiful ! Lancashire is the subject of a very interesting article. Where was the little chair of the same kind, called Ham
a sweet-looking girl with paly gold hair combed back Edge-IIill and Culloden are the only battle-fields ad- net's chair-the son of Shakspeare, who died when twelve from her forehead, and falling in wavy, ringlets on her verted to. He has a long, but perhaps too purely years old ? Where was that precious old lantern
made of neck, and with eyes that looked like violets filled with antiquarian paper on Winchester. Tintagel, the the glass of the house where Shakspeare died ? The bust, dew, for there was the glittering of unshed tears before ancient rock-perched sea castle of King Arthur in taken and coloured accurately from the bust in the their deep dark blue--and that was the likeness of Cornwall, is strikingly handled, and brings forth church?. The portrait of a boy, with a curious high-laced Charlotte Clopton, about whom there was so fearful some eloquent remarks, which we should be happy to cap on his head and an embroidered doublet, called John
a legend told at Stratford church. In the time of quote. There is also a paper on Staffa and Iona, and Hathaway, the brother of Ann Hathaway?' The paint some epidemic, the sweating-sickness, or the plague, one of a more original kind, descriptive of a High- | ing said to be done by Shakspeare's nephew, William this young girl had sickened, and to all appearance land sacrament at Kilmorack in Inverness-shire, on Shakspeare Hart, representing Shakspeare in the charac- died. She was buried with fearful haste in the vaults. which, however, we could give some rather odd mar
ter of Petruchio?. The cup, and the knotted walking- of Clopton chapel, attached to Stratford church, but the ginal notes.
stick made from the crab-tree under which he slept in sickness was not stayed. In a few days another of the
Bidford Fields ? Where the various pieces of carving Cloptons died, and him they bore to the ancestral The book is one entire and perfect chrysolite of plea- from his bedstead ? That old basket-hilted sword
which vault ; but as they descended the gloomy stairs, they * Visits to Remarkable Places : Old Halls, Battle-Fields, and looked as though it had lain buried for a century or two
saw, by the torch-light, Charlotte Clopton in her grave Scenes illustrative of striking passages in English History and
on the field of Edge-Hill or Worcester, but which was, in clothes leaning against the wall; and when they looked Poetry. By William Howitt, author of "the Rural Life of Eng. faet, no such thing, but the veritable sword with which nearer, she was indeed dead, but not before, in the land,” “ Boy's Country Book," &c. London, Longman and Shakspeare performed in Hamlet, and which the Prince Company, 1840.
Regent had wanted so much to buy in 1815, saying, he
* This was there at the time of Ireland's visit
agonies of despair and hunger, she had bitten a piece the rooms intent on the works of Raphael, Titian, Cor are employed, one at each side of the instrument and from her white round shoulder! Of course, she had reggio, Lely, Vandyke, Kneller, Rembrandt, Rubens, Ricci, its demonstrator, and one behind. walked ever since. This was Charlotte's chamber,' and Giulio Romano, and many another master of the sublime Mr Clarke first proceeded to illustrate the simple beyond Charlotte's chamber was a state-chamber, car and beautiful; pausing to behold forms of power, and prismatic phenomena, throwing enlarged shades of peted with the dust of many years, and darkened by the grace, and loveliness, and to mark many a face of man or
the iris upon the discs, and then presenting small circreepers which had covered up the windows, and even woman whose names are so bruited in our annals that forced themselves in luxuriant daring through the broken even the
most ignorant must have heard something of cular shades of two colours complementary to each panes. Beyond, again, there was an old Catholic chapel, them. Here surely was significant indication of a change other, which, being made to converge, displayed in the with a chaplain's room, which had been walled up and in the popular mind in the course of one generation, overlapping part, a perfect white, thus making visible forgotten till within the last few years. I went in on my which must furnish an answer to those who ask what has to hundreds at once the fact, so astonishing to the hands and knees, for the entrance was very low. I recol education done for the masses, and most pregnant with unlearned mind, that the colours are but parts of pure lect little in the chapel; but in the chaplain's room were matter of buoyant augury for the future. Those who do white light. The demonstrator then made equally old, and I should think rare editions of many books, not see in such a spectacle that the march of intellect, visible to the large assemblage which filled the room, mostly folios. A large yellow-paper copy of Dryden's and the walking abroad of the schoolmaster, are some the phenomena of polarisation, chiefly using for the *All for Love, or the World Well Lost,' date 1686, caught thing more than things to furnish a joke or a witticism, purpose various pieces of celenite. Å shade, for exmy eye, and is the only one I particularly remember. are blind indeed to the signs of the times, and to the cer- ample, from a piece of this mineral first exhibited, on Every here and there, as I wandered, I came upon a tainty that the speed of sound knowledge amongst the one screen, a particular assemblage of colours, being fresh branch of a staircase, and so numerous were the people will yet make this nation more deserving of the then under refraction. It was then removed to ancrooked, half-lighted passages, that I wondered if I could epithet of a nation of princes, than ever Rome deserved other screen, and shown under the law of reflection, find my way back again. There was a curious carved from the Parthian ambassador. . I could not help asking when every colour was seen to be different from what old chest in one of these passages, and with girlish curi: myself, as my eye wandered amid the throng, how much it had been before. Finally, he removed the shade to osity I tried to open it; but the lid was too heavy, and I more happiness was now enjoyed in any one day on that persuaded one of my companions to help me, and when ground, than had been enjoyed in a twelvemonth when
a third screen, where it was again under refraction,
and it then of course showed the same appearances as ' it was opened, what do you think we saw--BONES !—but it was only the resort of kings and nobles, and the scene whether human, whether the remains of the lost bride, of most costly masks and banquets. Nothing more than in the first. Mr Clarke concluded the exhibition by we did not stay to see, but ran off in partly feigned and the sight of that happiness was needed to prove the ra a display of the chromatic fire cloud upon the ceiling, partly real terror.
tionality of throwing open such places to diffuse amongst certainly one of the most startlingly brilliant of all The last of these deserted rooms that I remember, the the million at once the truest pleasure and the most the wonders of chemical science. last, the most deserted, and the saddest, was the nursery refining influences."
In another room on the ground floor, pottery manu. -a nursery without children, without singing voices,
facture was seen in operation, as well as glass-blowing without merry chiming footsteps ! A nursery hung round
and basket-making, the operators in the last instance with its once inhabitants, bold, gallant boys, and fair, EXHIBITIONS ILLUSTRATIVE OF SCIENCE
being blind men from the Edinburgh Asylum. The arch-looking girls, and one or two nurses with round, fat
AND THE ARTS. babies in their arms.
pottery manufacture seemed to be a very attractive Who were they all? What was their lot in life? Sunshine or storm ? or had they been | Paris, London, and perhaps some other large cities, part of the exhibition, as it was visited by great
loved by the gods, and died young ? The very echoes have for some years enjoyed the advantage of popular crowds. An electro-magnetic machine, made by Mr knew not. Behind the house, in a hollow, now wild, exhibitions illustrative of science and the arts. “The Clarke for the Duke of Roxburghe, was shown in tho damp, and overgrown with elder-bushes, was a well called Adelaide Gallery of the British capital is an example of pottery room. Margaret's Well, for there had a maiden of the house of what we allude to. The value of such exhibitions, taking The great hall on the second floor presented a magthat name drowned herself.
advantage of the sight-seeing propensity every where nificent spectacle, crowded as it was with curious I tried to obtain any information I could as to the prevalent, and turning it to rational and improving objects of art, many of them imposing to the eye even family of Clopton of Clopton. They had been decaying objects, is very great ; and we think it extremely de- at a first and distant glance. Such an object was the ever since the civil wars ; had for a generation or two sirable that something of the kind, on a scale of model of a proposed restoration of Glasgow Cathobeen unable to live in the old house of their fathers, but greater or less magnitude, should be established in dral," executed by Mr G. M. Kemp, the ingenious had toiled in London, or abroad, for a livelihood; and every considerable seat of population, more particu- self-taught artist who planned the monument to be the last of the old
family, a bachelor, eccentric, miserly; larly, and in the first place, in Dublin, Manchester, erected to Sir Walter Scott. There is not only wonold, and of most filthy habits, if report said true, had Bristol, Liverpool, Glasgow, Edinburgh, and after- derful neatness of execution
visible in this model, but died at Clopton Hall but a few months before, a sort of wards perhaps in a class of smaller towns. We are
the artist has also given evidence of fine inventive gorgeous chapel of the Cloptons in Stratford church, enabled to give a few hints, both as to the means of powers as an architect, in his conception of the parts where you see the banners waving, and the armour hung getting up such exhibitions, and the chances of their proposed to be added ; for the real cathedral, as over one or two splendid monuments. Mr W had success and usefulness in the larger British cities, in is well known, has never yet been completed. The been the old man's solicitor, and completely in his confi- consequence of an experiment which has recently been first of the large tables with which the hall was dence, and to him he left the estate, encumbered and in made in the Scottish capital.
covered, exhibited numerous models of steam-engines, bad condition. A year or two afterwards, the heir-at-law, This experiment owed its origin, we believe, and was boilers, and fire-engines, from the collection of the a very distant relation living in Ireland, claimed and ob- mainly indebted for its success, to one active and en- Edinburgh School of Arts, and from private indivitained the estate, on the plea of undue influence, if not lightened person, Dr D. B. Reid, lecturer on chemistry duals. Tables second and third were covered with of forgery, on Mr W—'s part; and the last I heard of the same gentleman who was employed to heat and models of agricultural implements of every imaginable our kind entertainers on that day, was, that they were ventilate the houses of parliament. Such a circum- kind. The south wall of the room was covered with outlawed, and living at Brussels."
stance ought, we think, to encourage other active and portraits and portrait frames. Specimens of the We must conclude ; but, before doing so, would ex- enlightened persons in the different cities to exert Blind-Asylum work, of spun silk, of loom-woven por, press the very great gratification which the following themselves in the like manner. The exhibition was traits, of carpets, &c., all from the workshops and remarks bave given us—a gratification in which we prepared in a suite of rooms, named the Assembly warehouses of private merchants, filled up, others of are sure every one of our readers will participate : Rooms, which are designed chiefly for balls and con- the tables. On table seventh were a number of sin" The palace [Hampton Court] has only been fairly certs,
and therefore are not particularly well adapted, gular works of art from a bazaar in town, including thrown open this summer, and for some time the fact with respect to light, for the purpose to which they an automaton singing-bird, which leaps from a box, was but very little known; yet through spring and summer the resort thither has been constantly increasing; in a hurried manner, and the exhibition was limited touch of command ; a picture-clock, with a miniature
were now applied. The preparations were also made plays a beautiful tune, and disappears again, at the the average number of visitors on Sunday or Monday is to about ten days, in consequence of the rooms being railroad in front, and
several sets of trains whirling now two
thousand five hundred, and the amount of them engaged for a concert which was to take place at the backwards and forwards at speed ; and a time-piece And how have these swarms of Londoners of all classes end of that period. Nevertheiess, the inhabitants of with invisible mechanism, the index appearing to move behaved ? With the exception of some scratches made Edinburgh have rarely expressed themselves more round the centre of a small disc of glass, framed in a on the panels of the grand staircase—for the discovery of unequivocally pleased with any exhibition than with ring of gold. Specimens of goods and instruments, the perpetrator of which an ominous placard is pasted on this, of which we are now to give some description. illustrating the woollen manufactures of Huddersfield, the door-post as you enter, offering five pounds reward, A large room on the ground floor, generally used the flax manufacture of Arbroath, the cotton-spinning but of which slight injury no one can tell the date (the for lumber, was fitted up on this occasion for the ex of Manchester, the process of stereotyping, and the police, who are always on the spot, never having wit- hibition of two modern instruments of a remarkable process of gold-beating-specimens of Scottish and nessed the doing of it since they were stationed there), nature, the hydro-oxygen microscope, and the polari. foreign marbles, and of Berlin-iron work-models I cannot learn that the slightest exhibition of what has scope, the latter being altogether a novelty in Edin- of the various watch-escapements-formed the conbeen considered the English love of demolition has been burgh. These were shown and illustrated by Mr tents of other tables in the large hall. The whole made. Never have I seen, at all times that I have been E. M. Clarke of London, who had been invited to our of this superb apartment may be said to have been there, a more orderly or more well-pleased throng, of capital for the purpose. Two large screens, containing filled with specimens of workmanship, and working Monday, when, besides the railway, upwards of a dozen cach
a disc or white circle of twelve feet diameter, to machinery, in almost every department of practical spring-vans, gaily adorned with ribbons and blue and red gether
with a square screen of nearly similar bulk, were science. The utility and intelligibility of the exhibihangings, had brought there their loads of servants and erected, for the exhibition of the effects of both in- tion was greatly increased by the presence of engravers artisans, all with their sweethearts, and in fine spirits struments. As the hydro-oxygen microscope has been and other workmen, showing the enginery of their for a day's country frolic; and not less than two thou- shown in many places, and is comparatively well respective trades in actual operation. sand people were wandering through the house and gar- known, little more need be said than that its wonders On a side-table, where beautiful models of ships, dens, yet nothing could be more decorous than their consist in the casting of an enlarged shadow from light-houses, the Thames Tunnel (from Mr Brunel), behaviour. Never, indeed, did I behold a scene which minute objects upon the discs, by means of a very &c., were also seen, we found one object of extraordiwas more beautiful in my eyes, or which more sensibly intense white light and a lens. Small insects are thus nary interest, a working-model of Ponton's Galvanic affected me. Here were thousands of those whose fa- magnified to the size of the largest animals, and leaves, Telegraph. By this machine forty-two different sigbull-baiting or the cock-pit ; who would have made holi- mosses, and the smallest fractions of plants,
become nals were communicated from one end of the room to day at the boxing-ring, or in guzzling beer in the lowest susceptible of the minutest inspection. The lecturer, the other, by means of three insulated copper wires. dens of debauch—here were they, scattered in companies small and exquisitely finished glass cameo of Leander end, like the notes of a piano, and it was by acting on
Letters were arranged in view of the spectator, at one sisters, old people, and children of all ages, strolling in the waters of the Hellespont; and it was interest- these that the intelligence was immediately conveyed. through the airy gardens, admiring the
flowers, or resting ing to find, that, while the magnification could not in This machine has succeeded perfectly on some occa on the benches, or watching the swarming shoals of gold the slightest degree impair the delicacy of a leaf or an sions of trial. One is now working with success, we and silver fish in the basin of the central fountain, and insect's wing, it reduced this work of man's ingenuity, believe, on the Great Western Railway. The manner feeding them with crumbs of bun amid shouts of childish exquisite as it appeared before the naked eye, to the in which the attention of the guardian of the telegraplı delight. Here were these poor people, set free from the
coarse appearance of stucco-work! The highest mag- at one end is drawn to the machine when a commufret and fume, the dust and sweat and mental and bodily nifying power exhibited by Mr Clarke, extended, if nication
the other, is ingewear and tear of their city trades and domestic cares, well dressed, amongst their more wealthy neighbours, lecturer mentioned that the same instrument had galvanic influence is brought to play on a needle at
we heard aright, to twelve thousand times ; but the nious, and worthy of notice. A distinct exertion of clean, and jocund from the sense of freedom and social operated on a disc of thirty-two feet, in which case affection, treading walks laid down only for royal feet, the magnification must have been very much
greater, needle moves a platinum wire kept at a white heat
the far end of the wire. The deviation caused in this of greatness and high-born beauty,
though all constructed though necessarily less distinct, and with a greater by a spirit-lamp. The motion brings the hot wire by the money of their forefathers ; and here were they violation of proportions towards the extremities of the in contact with a fine cotton thread attached to a enjoying all these more than king or cardinal ever could do, figure. The polariscope has been constructed on the cord by which a pendulum is kept aside from a gong. beneath a sunny sky, that seemed to smile upon them as same principle as the hydro-oxygen microscope, being The thread is burned, the pendulum falls, and strikes if itself rejoiced at the sight of so much happiness. There, designed to present on the discs, and thus make visible the required signal on the gong, to call the telegraphtoo, through the open windows, you saw the passing to a large audience at once, the beautiful phenomena keeper to his post. crowds of heads of men and women wandering through of the polarisation of light. In this case, three discs At the upper end of the great hall were some beau
tiful specimens of reflectors, with burners and discs of operated as an encouragement to labouring people, thereby imposed upon parents, but it has recently various kinds and colours, presented by the Commis- who may fairly argue, that unless their services are been found impossible even to procure in cases of sick sioners of the Northern Lighthouses. The para- required, the cost of their removal to a colony would ness the requisite number of attendants, of sufficiently boloidal reflector, similar to that used at the Bell Rock not be defrayed from public funds set apart by the good character, however deficient in skill.' lighthouse, and the catadioptric apparatus of Fres- colonists for that purpose. The aid so given will ac- In Western Australia (Swan River), a memorandum nel, with the annular lens, and great burner such as count for the sudden increase of the numbers of per- presented to the governor states, that in the present is in use in the Inchkeith lighthouse, are splendid sons who proceeded to the Australian colonies in 1838, state of the colony there is such a deficiency of labour spectacles. The use of them Dr Reid explained daily and without which increase, the emigration of the past as to impede its advancement. The prudent portion at stated hours.
year would have been insignificant in the extreme, as of the workmen have saved means, and are now in a In passing from the large hall into the first or east compared with former years. It is to be regretted condition to extend their business, and to hire assisside-room, the visitor beheld, through magnifying that the statistical inforination supplied in the tables tance, if they could procure it; but they cannot venglasses, two magnificent views, stained upon glass, of contained in these reports does not supply the actual ture to undertake works in the existing scarcity of the Bell Rock lighthouse in a storm, and of the Fall immigration to the different colonies and to the United workmen, and the consequent high rate of wages. of Babylon, after Martin. Various beautiful models States for each year since 1829, similar to the one Under these ciroumstances the price of every proof machinery and objects of art filled the east side- prepared by the agent for emigration at Quebec. The duct has risen ; improvement is discouraged ; capital room, and a machine for manufacturing hosiery was table relating to Quebec shows conclusively that im- prevented from finding investment here, must go elseseen in operation. The central south room beyond migration to that port has materially diminished. In where, and the colony is menaced with a return to was similarly filled. There were, among other objects the four years preceding the passing of the Poor-Law its former state of unproductiveness, in the midst of of interest, several specimens of photogenic drawings Amendment Act (including 1834, the act having been every natural convenience for producing abundance. and Daguerreotype plates, and a large collection of passed after the season for emigration had terminated), • The only remedy for these evils is a steady and interesting skeletons, skulls, and other preparations there arrived in Quebec from England and Wales well-regulated supply of labour from abroad, in profrom the College of Surgeons. In the west side-room 39,821 persons, whilst in the four years after the pass- portion to the growth of capital within the settlement.' the principal object was a Jacquard loom, seen in ing of the act there arrived there 21,825, including The council concurred in this, and pledged itself to operation. Mere inspection by the eye cannot enable upwards of 1000 assisted by parochial funds, which a a limited extent to any future measures tending to one to detect or describe the principles on which this provision in the Poor-Law Amendment Act, for the procure a supply of labour. remarkable machine is constructed, and we did not first time, made applicable to emigration purposes. It At the Cape of Good Hope, labour is also required, enjoy any chance of hearing it explained. It is of has been frequently asked of witnesses, before com- and a scheme to supply it from this country has been very considerable size, and is worked by one man, mittees of the Houses of Parliament, what has become suggested in the colony; from which it would appear seated as at the ordinary loom. Beside it were a of the surplus labour existing before the Poor-Law that some thousands of young people might be anturning lathe in operation, and specimens of paper in Amendment Act passed; and it has been broadly nually introduced with benefit to the colony. all its stages, from the state of rags to the fine com-. asserted by an influential journal, opposed to the pro- Great as the demand is for labour in all these colopleted article.
visions of the Poor-Law Amendment Act, that that nies, and tempting as are the inducements held out in Even from this meagre sketch of the collection, surplus has been reduced by shipping off thousands the shape of remuneration, and easy as it is to obtain those of our readers who have not personally beheld of poor persons to the colonies. The assertion, broadly a passage to the Australian colonies, yet it is found it may form some idea of the rich variety of interest- as it has been made, is nevertheless negatived by the that the demand cannot be supplied, because there ing objects which the scientific men, manufacturers, official returns from the United States, where it is exists no disposition amongst the labouring classes to and mechanicians of Edinburgh, were able to bring for presumed no one will say poor-law influence prevails; emigrate. Before the passing of the Poor-Law Amendward on this occasion for the inspection of their fellow- as well as the British possessions in Asia, Africa, and ment Act, when there was an apparent surplus popucitizens. The satisfaction of the public with the exhi- America. It would be out of place, in a notice of a lation, emigration was extensive ; now that there bition was unequivocally proved by the constant daily Parliamentary paper, to discuss the causes of the ab- exists an urgent demand for the services of the proincrease of the crowds which flocked to see it, and by sorption of the surplus labour apparently existing ductive classes in the colonies, the number of emigrants the general expression of regret at its hurried close. before the operation of the Poor-Law Amendment has fallen off. In the present year the disposition to There cannot, we think, be the slightest doubt that a Act; yet, from whatever cause the reduction in the emigrate has not strengthened. Within the last few permanent exhibition of the kind in Edinburgh, and number of unemployed labourers may proceed, it can- days, a vessel, chartered to convey emigrants graconsequently in' other towns of the same size, would not fail to be an important consideration in ascertain- tuitously, has sailed with only two-thirds of its comsucceed. Of its effects in imparting knowledge to the ing the causes, that the reduction has taken place at a plement of passengers.” public at large, in creating a general respect for science time when the demand for the services of the produc
The following letter from the Agent-General for and art, and for their professors, in awakening in tive classes is more than ever urgent in the colonies. young minds the faculties fitted for particular pur- That the demand for the services of the
productive emigration was read to the board :suits, and guiding them in the early and more arduous classes has become more urgent in the colonies since
“2, Middle Scotland Yard, 29th October 1839. part of their career, it would be difficult, we think, to the passing of the Poor-Law Amendment Act, is John Russell, I have the honour to acquaint you that
SIR-In pursuance to instructions received from Lord form too high an estimate.*
clearly evinced by the reports. Mr Buchanan, advert-dispatches have been received from the lieutenant-go
ing to the Canadas, says :— The great scarcity of vernor of Upper Canada, reporting the successful introEMIGRATION-REPORT OF THE POOR-LAW
labourers, and the high prices of wages which farmers duction into that colony of a body of 181 emigrants, who
are obliged to pay for the necessary assistance required were sent out from Ennis in the county of Clare last COMMISSIONERS ON THE SUBJECT. THE Poor-Law Commissioners for England and settler, who has not sufficient physical aid amongst the Colonel Wyndham.
on their land, continue to weigh heavily on the new summer in the ship • Waterloo,' through the liberality of Wales have commenced issuing an occasional sheet, members of his own familyAnd he further adds, On arriving at Quebec, the whole of the emigrants entitled “ AN OFFICIAL CIRCULAR," with the view of that in the eastern townships good labourers can earn proceeded in a body under the charge of Lieutenant affording information on topics connected with pauper- from 40s. to 50s. currency
per month, with board and Rubridge, to whom Colonel Wyndham had entrusted ism, for the use of local functionaries, and generally lodging found.
the care of them, to Cobourg, Upper Canada, where they all who are interested in the administration of the
In New South Wales the demand for the services were all immediately engaged, the men at L.2, 108. per existing loor-Law. As the first instance of a public of the labouring classes exists equally as strong, if not month, boarded and found, and the women at Lil per board voluntarily publishing its more important trans- more so, than it does in the Canadas. A committee month, boarded and fed. actions, for the public advantage, this unquestionably of the legislative council, presided over by the Bishop them from the time of their leaving Ireland.
No sickness or accident of any kind occurred amongst merits the thanks of the community.
of Australia, has reported that it cannot be assumed From the first number, purporting to be for the that the want of labour in the colony can be supplied result of Colonel Wyndham's liberal efforts in promotion
In consequence of these favourable accounts of the month of January, we extract the following portion of by the introduction of a smaller number than 3000 of emigration,
Lord John Russell has conveyed to me his a Report on the state of Emigration, and demand for adult males every year-a number which will, allow desire that the officers of this department should give labourers in the colonies, by Mr Parker, Assistant ing the average number of women and children, require every advice and facility to landlords
who may be desirous Commissioner. The subject is at present of consider the introduction of 12,500 persons annually. The of following Colonel Wyndham's example.--I have, &o. able importance. committee estimate the cost of introducing 12,500
(Signed) T. FREDERICK ELLIOT." By a Parliamentary paper recently printed, con- persons to be L.250,000, and without recommending taining reports and correspondence respecting emigra- that a loan of L.2,000,000 should be raised, advert to tion to the colonies, it appears that the average annual the communications suggesting a loan in such a manner SKETCHES OF SUPERSTITIONS. omigration from England for the six years preceding as to lead the governor, Sir G. Gipps, to remark,“that 1838, was
the members of the committee are not unfavourable INTERESTING as are the ancient superstitions and theo* 'Ío the British North American Colonies
8,830 to it. The governor, adverting to the want of labour, United States
says, 'that immigration should be kept up at its present logical fables of Scandinavia, a notice of which formed Cape of Good Hope
318 rate, and that if the funds prove insufficient, then the subject of the last paper in this series, British Australian Colonies
- 2,808 recourse should be had to a loan rather than put a readers cannot but feel a still greater interest in the stop to it. The committee, in their Report,
say :- history of Druidism, the superstition which flourished 38,805 · As the foundation
of every other
inquiry, your peculiarly among their own forefathers, the aborigines And that in 1838 it wasTo the British North American Colonies
1,572 ascertain, as nearly as in the nature of things might of the British islands. Druidism was the religion of United States 12,566 be possible, the actual demand for labour
of various the ancient Celts or Gauls, and prevailed in France as Cape of Good Hope
292 descriptions at this time prevailing in the colony: well as in Britain--every where, indeed, where that Australian Colonies
- 9,746 Their own private sources of information had sufficed ancient race had formed settlements. With the usual Thus, in the last year, when the Poor-Law Amend that, generally speaking, every resident in the colony words than things, inquirers into the nature of Druid
24,176 and the supply highly insufficient
to meet it ; and tendency of the learned to expend more attention upon ment Act had been brought into operation over nearly who had occasion to employ the services of others, was ism have cavilled much about the etymology of the the whole
of England and Wales, notwithstanding the exposed to difficulties in conducting his pursuits, of word. Either the old British term dru, an oak, or price of provisions had increased twenty per cent., and whatever
nature they might be, as well as in providing the word dry, signifying a magician in the Saxon colonies, there was less emigration by 14,629 persons until their inquiries were directed, in the course of this language, may be set down, it seems to us, as the than the average of the six precoding years. This examination, to an actual investigation of individual source of the word Druid. The first is probably the difference there is every reason to suppose would have wants, and
of the losses, inconveniences, and disap- correct etymon, as we find the oak to have been inbeen much
greater, had not emigration to the Austra- pointments to which entire classes are reduced through timately and prominently connected with all the pelian colonies suddenly increased to its present extent, inability to obtain the extent of labour which their culiar rites which constituted the Druidical religion. an increase attributable to the bounty now given to the various operations require, your committee had not a labouring classes proceeding to that part of the British due or distinct conception of the urgency of the pre
As far as can be gathered from the statements of dominions. Previous to 1837, assistance was given to vailing distress.'
Cæsar, Diodorus Siculus, Strabo, and others, the Druids only single females between fifteen and thirty years of age proceeding to Australia ; but since then, all per- mand for female servants, that the governor (Sir J. propriated to themselves all the offices usually dis
In Van Dieman's Land there exists so urgent a de- not only formed the priesthood of the Celts, but apsons deemed likely to prove eligible colonists have Franklin) says, '. Not only is social intercourse at pre- charged, in modern days, by the separate learned received gratuitous passages. This aid has naturally sent very much restricted, especially in the interior, * Since this paper was written, we have accidentally observed, in consequence of the difficulty felt
even by the professions. “Among the priests of Druidism,” says in a Newcastle paper, that an exhibition of the kind described has wealthiest families to obtain female attendants for George Chalmers in his Caledonia, " there appear to for some time existed in that enterprising town.
their children, and the additional domestic duties have been three orders, the Druids (proper), the Vates,