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credible persons have assured me that they have seen not of his mind, but his fortune” [non ad animi, sed and so I will have my Bellenden windows." The some as big as their fist.”

agelli, modum]. When one sees Abbotsford, he be- floor of the entrance-lall is of black and white HeThe venerable author of the History of Norway, comes convinced that Scott did not build like a man bridean marble wrought in lozenge form, and the side Bishop Pontoppidan, who, from his having fallen into possessing sufficient wealth to carry out his wishes. walls are coated, to the height of seven feet, with a some little errors respecting krakens and sea-serpents, Such as the house is, its best, or almost only good beautifully carved panelling of dark oak from the old has long been unjustly stigmatised as a greedy swallower appearance, is from the opposite side of the vale, as kirk of Dunfermline. The roof is of stucco-work in of the marvellous, is the first to show us by what a we approach it by the road between Edinburgh and imitation of the wainscoting, and comprehends a setrifling circumstance the preceding writers, and the Selkirk. There the turreted outline, seen over the ries of arches with dependent points, after the fashion of doctors of the Sorbonne, had been led to the conclusion trees, is somewhat interesting. The approach on the the ceilings of Melrose Abbey. Betwixt each arch is a that nature had departed from her ordinary course in other side is much less so. We find here only a com- shield, and the central part of the roof is occupied in the case of the barnacle. Speaking of the shell, the mon gateway, and no porter's lodge, the exterior aspect this manner with the armorial bearings of Sir Walter bishop says, “ This peculiar creature is of about a fin- thus conveying an air of poverty, such as usually at- Scott's paternal and maternal ancestors, sixteen in ger's length and a half, and an inch broad, and pretty taches to things belonging to men who aim at more than number, being the complete quarterings of a man of thick.” It consists of two parts, the bishop tells us, their fortune justifies, and have to pinch and spare on “gentle blood.” Three shields, on the maternal side, the one end being composed of a soft, spongy, brown some articles, generally those of comfort. The mansion are blanks, and painted over with blue clouds, thé substance, attached by a hollow neck to the timber on itself is externally a sad piece of patch-work-a small poet being unable to trace his pedigree in that line to which it usually is found, and the other end covered house extended into a large one, with miniature towers the full length of his spaces. "Nox-alta-premit" by a shell of two plates, smaller in size than a mussel and battlements, and stuck over every here and there ("oblivion has covered them') forms the appropriate shell. “When this shell is opened,” continues the Nor- with carved stones, the fragments of other buildings, inscription on these blank shields. Two other rows wegian prelate,“ there is found in it the little creature which have no business there, and degrade it to some of escutcheons run along the sides of the roof, and reported to be a young wild-goose. Almost its whole thing of the character of a rockery or a made ruin, present the heraldic distinctions of the families of Maxsubstance, which is composed of small toughish mem- all taste having been sacrificed for the sake of preserv- | well, Douglas, Johnstone, Kerr, Elliott, and others, branes, represents some little crooked dark feathers, ing a quantity of detached antiquities. Amongst whose names are set down in their proper places in squeezed together, their ends running in a cluster; these uncouth objects, is a doorway half way up the deep red letters, having on the whole, a fine and strikhence it has been supposed to be of the bird kind. At building, without approach, and leading to nothing- ing effect. An inscription running parallel with them the extremity of the neck, also, there is something that but then it belonged to some old house of note: tells you, in black-letter type and phraseology, that looks like an extremely small bird's head; but one must another is a plain old headstone, ravaged away from a “ These be ye coat armouris of ye clannis and chief take the force of imagination to help to make it look neighbouring village churchyard, where it once re menne of name, quha keepit ye marches of Scotland so; this I have constantly found on many examinations; corded the virtues of a deceased shoemaker. Such in ye dayes of auld. Trewe war they in their tyme, and, in all mine inquiries, I cannot learn that any one things, it will readily be owned, are unfitted to appear and in their defense God thaim defendyt.”. has ever seen any thing more.

on any part of the external walls of a gentleman's The hall, thus wallod and windowed, contains a rich This is a case very like that of the three black crows. country house. The notion which they give of what assortment of curiosities in the shape of cuirasses and The shelled creature which yielded a lent goose for the we may call the domestic taste of Scott, is very start- suits of armour, helmets, shields, swords, lances, and doctors of the Sorbonne, that was neither flesh nor ling, and far from pleasing,

other arms of all sorts and ages, flags, camp-kettles, fowl, proves to be nothing but a part of a sea-insect of To come now to detail. A court before the house cannon-balls, and numberless other articles, all of the molluscous order, and the whole foundation for the has the garden on the east, and is encircled on them interesting from antiquity or associations. Two fallacy rested on such a resemblance to a feathered the other two sides by a wall

, adorned internally prominent objects among these are a pair of erect creature as it required a stretch of the imagination to by a trellised arbour covered with creepers, In figures in complete armour at the east end of the discern. Yet sensible and learned men, going to look niches of this wall we find numerous carved me room. One of them presents a knight in full panoply, for the thing with the fallacy ready prepared in their dallions from the old Cross of Edinburgh, and Ro- the suit, formed of large plates of shining steel, being heads, found no difficulty in coming to the conclusion man heads in bas-relief from the ancient station a copy from one in the Tower of London, of the age that a marine insect was a young goose. Of the vast of Petreia, now called Penrith. The garden is of one of the last Henrys of England. A lance about superstructure of writing and speculation raised upon separated from the court by a very handsome colon- twelve feet long is held by this figure, and also a this insignificant basis, we have given the reader a nade, the arches of which are filled up with cast-iron sword, which last is a very curious relic. It is straight, very slight outline ; but more upon such a subject net-work, and the cornice carved with flowers

, after narrow, and dark-coloured, having a very plain ap would be tedious. We shall quote only one other the fashion of one on the cloisters of Melrose. The pearance until you examine it closely, when you find notable passage. It is from a whimsical work, en floor of the court is partly gravelled and partly grass- that it has once been the weapon of a king, and not titled Franck's Northern Memoirs. Speaking of the plotted, and presents two objects of interest, one on unworthy of a king. The initials of Henry VIII. Orkneys, the writer saith, “ Now that barnicles, which each side of the main door of the house. On the are upon it, and on the lower half is engraven a comare a sort of wooden geese (!), breed hereabouts, is past western side is to be seen a fine old stone fountain, plete calendar of the days of the year. This has been dispute; and that they fall off from the limbs and mem- the same which once had its station on the Cross of a work evidently of immense labour, though one canbers of the fir-tree is questionless; and those so for- Edinburgh, and often played with wine at the entries not see any great use in such a steel register. The tunate as to espouse the ocean or river, by virtue

of of the sovereigns of Scotland in the days of old ; while other figure in armour is clad with pieces of various the solar heat, are destinated to live; but all others, so

on the east side lies the effigy of Sir Walter's famous ages, and holds a most enormous two-handed sword, unfortunate as to fall upon dry land, are denied their stag-hound, Maida, with the following inscription on nearly the length of a man, which was got on Bosnativity.” the pedestal :

worth field. Such a weapon the Swiss are said to The molluscous animals, or class of animals, which

Maidæ marmoreâ dormis sub imagine Maida

have used in fight, and certainly it would require a gave rise to all this nonsense, are well known at the

Ad januam domini: sit tibi terra levis.

mountaineer of no common strength to wield it with present day, being termed cirripedes, and having a This Englished by Sir Walter :

effect. strong analogy to cuttle-fish. The barnacle, or bernicle,

Beneath the sculptured form which late you wore,

On the side walls of the hall the visiter may behold is a well-known species of the goose tribe. The anser

Sleep soundly, Maida, at your master's door.

two broken body-suits of Milanese chain-armour, leucopsis, or common barnacle, has a white forehead An error in the Latin inscription, the first syllable of composed of fine linked rings, of the kind that Cromand throat, and is abundant on the western coasts of ". januam” being a wrong quantity, attracted atten- wellis said to have worn under his dress. Two Britain.

tion, and made some noise in the world a number of brightly-polished cuirasses, once borne on the breasts years ago. Mr Lockhart was the writer of the lines, of Napoleon's cuirassiers, and a pair of beautiful French

but Sir Walter generously took the blame of the slip flags, form also conspicuous objects, being memorials A BBOTSFORD.

of the field of Waterloo. Of the numerous moss

We must not forget that, outside the handsome trooper helmets, executioners' swords, and the like, More than one description of Abbotsford has ap- arched gateway of the court, is to be seen a pair of jouge, which cover the walls, it is unnecessary to speak in peared ; but there is none in which it is described brought from Thrieve Castle in Galloway, a scat of the detail. Two cannon-balls from Flodden, the keys of quite faithfully, or with the minuteness which it pecu- Douglasses. These jougs are simply two semicircles of the old Edinburgh Tolbooth, and Ralph Erskine's liarly calls for. I shall endeavour to supply the de- iron, which formed a species of stocks for the neck in pulpit made into two small side tables, are the only sideratum, to the best of my ability, and as far as a wall, in a way that must have been very uncomfortable relics of Flodden will bring to mind the unhappy

old times, offenders being pinned up by them to a other articles of interest which we shall specify, The pretty careful study of the place will allow me. indeed. Over a side-door, outside the gateway, may time when the Flowers of the Forest “ were a' wede

The house is situated in a northern angle of Rox- also be seen the sculptured countenance of honest away;” and the visiter may expect to be told, on purghshire, at about thirty-four or thirty-five miles Tom Purdie, Scott's favourite henchman, with the looking at the Tolbooth keys, that these are the very from Edinburgh, and a somewhat less distance from inscription, “ Lord resave my sprit,” upon an antique articles which shut out from the light of day the

stone below. the English border, near the road southwards by Car

erring but beauteous Effie Deans. Few will behold

The house itself comprehends the original cottage the relics of the old kirk of Dunfermline without relisle. The very laudatory style in which it has been of small dimensions in which Washington Irving membering with interest the bold and famous dissendescribed, usually misleads those who have not seen found Scott living so contentedly in 1817, and, towards tient by whose voice their substance has so often been it, and therefore its first appearance is almost certain the east, the addition of larger bulk which he made thrilled, and whom a great party in our country reve, to be disappointing. The edifice, which is of a whitish way of accumulating an ample fortune. It is chiefly of a very different man is also here, and should not be

rence as their first guide and teacher. A memorial sandstone, occupies a singularly inconvenient site on in the principal floor of this additional part that any overlooked. In the hall chimney, which is a beautiful the face of a rather steep hill, which slopes in a north- elegance is found. To begin with the beginning the model of one of the cloister-arches of Melrose, stands westerly direction to the Tweed at its base, and forms hall-door is sheltered by a projected porch in the form a massive grate, “which once belonged (to use Sir one side of a narrow and by no means romantic vale. of an arch, copied from one in Linlithgow Palace. A Walter's own words) to the old persecutor Bishop The front of the house is to the hill, and is almost branch out above the head of the visiter as he passes it all in all

, one

must admit that Sir Walter did not pair of huge stag-horns are suspended under it, and Sharpe, who was murdered on Magus Moor.” Take close upon a public road, which winds along from into the entrance-hall, a large and lofty apartment deceive himself when, in the pride of his heart, he Selkirk to Melrose, thus leaving a very circumscribed about forty feet long by half that breadth. The effect of described to Terry his preparations for its embellishpiece of ornamental ground for an approach ; while this room is grand and impressive. Two windows ad- ment, and exclaimed, " It will be a superb entrance the rear of the structure, so far as not shrouded by a

mit the light from the court, and these are high and gallery!" It is indeed so in every respect. Conrising plantation, has an outlook towards the valley with a variety of painted devices, that the hall is a sort of passage-closet, and then the writing-room or

ample, but at the same time so completely covered tinuous with it on the east or north-east, we find first beyond. The position is, in fact, an error, much of filled with a sort of rich and red twilight even at study of the poet-in short, the Lion's own den. The which is doubtless attributable to the way in which noon-day. Sir Walter called these windows his Bel-closet contains two notable objects, þeing figures in the mansion was erected, no great edifice having been lenden ones

, a phrase derived from the old war-cry of complete armour of Asiatic origin, the one a yellow originally contemplated, and every effort after the Buccleuch, and rendered applicable by their contain- Burmese suit of thick quilted stuff, and the other a first being a struggle with unfavourable circum-taries" of the clan of Scott, namely, Lords Buccleuch, of one of Tippoo

Saib's body-guards at the capture of ing the heraldic blazonries of the “four great digni- beautiful suit of chain-armour, taken from the body stances. The contriver of the place was also, no Montague, Polwarth, and Napier. The lower com- Seringapatam. The study is a small rooin, of some doubt, under a limitation which may be supposed to partments of each window contain the shields of eight twenty or twenty-five feet square, furnished with have only been affected by the Earl of Dunfermline (a gentlemen of the same name, "of whom (says Sir books from ceiling to floor, and provided with a galgreat Scotch lawyer of two hundred years ago), when of arms. There is a little conceit in all this (he con

Walter) I can muster sixteen bearing separate coats lery, to render the higher shelves accessible. By a he caused to be inscribed on his very handsome house tinues), but I have long got beyond the terror of Lord, could come quietly from his bed-room to his work

door into the upper part of this gallery, Sir Walter of Pinkie, that he built it “ according to the measure, what will all the people say, Mr Mayor, Mr Mayor" the morning, and thus derived some help, no doubt,

upon himself.

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in preserving his literary secret. Over the gallery tures of Abbotsford, to pass over the chalk sketches of pean articles of dress. were puty were, to say the least railing are hung several skins of lions and “ bearded Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe, productions held in very certainly foreign to the intention of the manufacturer pards,” presents from Indian admirers. The furniture high estimation by the late owner. The most notice in Glasgow, if they came from that emporium of of the room is scanty, two chairs and a plain writing able of these is a clever and amusing fancy drawing industry, or of London, if town made.. One gentle desk being nearly the extent of it. These, however, of "Queen Elizabeth dancing disposedly” before Sir man sported a black worsted stocking on one army are remarkable articles. One of the chairs, a leathern James Melvil, the Scottish ambassador. To speak the. and a white-sock on the other; his nether man was arm one is that in which Scott himself daily sat truth, however, this sketch treats the English queen encased in a pair of inexpressibles, 50 arranged that a while “imping" so many “ feathers on the wings of very unfairly. Elizabeth, at the time of the incident, the front buttoned up behind, leaving exposed to view fame." The pen lies on the writing desk as he left which is an historical one, was little more than thirty 1 an insertion in the seat, proving that the garments it.. The other chair is one of dark brown oak, made years of age, and, upon the whole, a comely and per- had not been repudiated too hastily, by its original after an antique - model in Hamilton Palace, and sonable woman, to whom music and dancing were not possessor. Another, whose sole article of dress was 5 covered with carved work representing roeks, heather, unsuitablo amusements. The long, sharp nose, there- the apparition of a fashionable body, coat, had encased and thistles, emblematic of Scotland, and indented fore, the pinched, wrinkled features, and the bony, his ample chest within it ; but, though the perspiration with brass, representing the Harp of the North, sur scraggy-figure, which we observe in the drawing, may streamed from every pore, this tight fit-was buttoned, rounded with laurels, targets, claymores, &c. The make a very fit object of laughter, but form no fair, the wearer gasping for breath at each respiration he ... seat is covered with silk velvet.” Mr Joseph Train, representation of Elizabeth of England, as she was took ; the rest of his person was in puris maturalibus. supervisor of excise, whose words have been here when she chose to go through her steps before Sir Another wore a shirt -round his naked loins, as a quoted, presented this chair to Sir Walter Scott. James Melvil. However, the sketch is certainly an pastry-cook, would an apron, and round his throat a The following inscription, which is graven on a brass admirable one in point of execution, and of conception pair of duck trousers was tied in lieu of a handkerplate on the upright front of the chair, will tell what also, if we could only suppose the incident taking place chief. Another party had put on a woman's gown, are the associations which render this article interest at a later period. The same ingenious gentleman whereas his lady (for we had the dear sex with us) ing. “THIS CHAIR, made of the only remaining wood presented two or three other sketches of a similar sportod the trousers of her spouse --a circumstance of the house at ROBROYSTON, in which the matchless order to Sir Walter, illustrating the famous border that, from the natural-turm of her temperament, was Sir William Wallace was done to death by felon incidents of Harden's marriage with Muckle-mou'd far from inappropriate. Some other articles of faded hand, for guarding well his native land, is most re- Meg of Elibank, the feast of the Spurs, and another apparel, shrunk from the stature of their former spectfully presented to Sir Walter Soott; as a small similar scene. They are all amusing.

possessors by continual ablution, completed the ar. token of gratitude, by his devoted servant, Joseph We have mentioned the dining-room, as the most rangements of the rest of this unique suite, who sawa Train." Robroyston, near Kirkintilloch, was the westerly of the four main apartments composing the nothing inappropriate in their appearance, while, from house in which Wallace was seized when betrayed by ground floor of Abbotsford, on the side of the Tweed. its droil inconsistency, no European could refrain the false Monteith,

But we ought not to have forgotten the existence be from laughter. The ladies had decorated their glossy In the eastern angle of the study, a small low door yond of a small breakfast parlour, which we shall take ringlets with oil, and inserted, the pretty flowers of leads to a closet seven feet high, looking out on the leave to describe in the words of Mr Lake, an Ame- the kaikátoa and towai in their beautiful tresses, which garden, and having the purposed character of an an- rican visiter to Abbotsford. “ It looks to the Tweed hung down their backs, in profusion. They made no cient oratory, which is finely sustained by the painted on one side, and towards Yarrow and Ettriek on the use of the red earth. With the exception of the lady glass of the window. In this closet we find most other; a cheerful room, the

walls being thickly covered in trousers, they had dressed theinselves in gowns and affecting memorials of the poet. His walking-stick, with valuable and beautiful water-colour drawings, check shirts, over which were thrown their native his woodman's axe, his yeomanry dress and accoutre-chiefly by Turner and Thomson of Duddingstone garments, woven from the silken flax, which descended ments, are hung upon the walls, and in a glass-case the designs, in short, for the magnificent work entitled in ample folds to their feet. (which was found necessary to protect them from the the Provincial Antiquities of Scotland.' There is On these preparations being completed, the gentleover-ardent devotion of pilgrims) lie the last articles one very grand oil-painting over the chimney-piece, of men loaded their guns, whose locks and butts had been of attire which Sir Walter wore, consisting of a green Fast Castle, by Thomson, alias the Wolf's Crag of the carefully burnished, and on arriving in the vicinity country-coat with metal buttons, striped vest, and Bride of Lammermoor, one of the most majestic and of the village, discharged them. On the report reach. plaided

trousers. His thick shoes and hat are likewise melancholy sea-pieces I ever saw; and some large ing the ears of the villagers, 4 number of them rushed here, as well as his Celtic-Club uniform. These per- black-and-white drawings of the Vision of Don Rode forth to ascertain who the new comers were, and on sonal mementos of the poet rank among the most rick, by Sir James Steuart of Allanbank, are at one learning that they were Europeans, a shout was raised, attractive objects in the building, and the nook in end of the parlour. The room

contains some queer A white man! a white man! (Epákàha ! Epákàha !) which they are kept corresponds well with the emo- cabinets and boxes, and in a niehe there is a bust of This cry was reverberated a thousand times among tions which they are fitted to excite.

old Henry Mackenzie, by Joseph of Edinburgh." the inmates of the village, who rushed forth, waring The other rooms of interest in Abbotsford lie on the This description, though written a number of years boughs of trees, garments, and discharging their amside of the building looking to the water, Four rooms ago, is still applicable.

munition, which was returned by our party. Between compose the suite, the dining-room on the west, fol- We now arrive, in the course of our jottings on the village and the place where we stood, a broad lowed towards the east by the armoury, drawing-room, Abbotsford, at the armoury, an apartment so-called rivulet irrigated the valley, at the brink of which a and library, in succession. Passing towards the dining on the eastern side of the dining-room. But the re- number of our hosts presented themselves, vociferously room by the west end of the entrance-hall

, the visiter mainder of this subject must be left over for another insisting on carrying us across on their shoulders, traverses a part of the armoury (which runs across papers.

The claimants for this dubious honour became so the house), and a small room, in which are miniatures

numerous and unruly, that we had nearly fallen from and plate-likenesses of Lord Jeffrey, Professor Wilson,

the crupper of one of these steeds, but finally got a Sir A. Ferguson, Lord Kinedder, Prince Charles FARCICAL CEREMONIES AT THE HAIHÚNGA

safe passage across, some attending supporters keeping Stuart, Mrs Lockhart, Miss Anne Scott, and a few

IN NEW ZEALAND.

us up behind, while each leg and foot was detained in other persons... The dining-room is not large, but The haihunga is-a religious ceremony of the New wise be contented. As we approached the village, a

the custody of two stout fellows,

who would not otherhandsome in appearance, having a ceiling, and furni: Zealanders, designed to commemorate the actions of ture chiefly of oak (or an imitation of it), and one illustrious chiefs, and generally performed a year after / number of stout natives, wholly denuded of dress, trunkless and bleeding head of Queen Mary of Scot- occasion disinterred, cleaned, and then exposed to hallooing and roaring to the utmost extent of their land, said to have been taken by Amyas Canrood on public view on a raised scaffold. Formerly, before well-practised lungs, a welcome

(airamai!) The ladies the morning after her decapitation, has an especial the people had enjoyed the benefits of European inter- also screeched in chorus a warm reception, and the interest attached to it, as well on, account of the cele- course

, a great number of slaves

and wives belonging village, with an instinct peculiarly refined, howled their brity of the subject, as from the doubts entertained to the deceased were sacrificed at the haihunga ; but

welcome to the new comers, whose particular notes regarding the existence of other authentic portraits this is now given up, and the ceremony itself would the present beautiful painting, Sir Walter is said to banquet and fair with which it is accompanied, Mr immediate followers of the head chief, who sat on the of this unfortunate princess. Of the authenticity

of probably have been abandoned ere now, but for the they recognised with affectionate avidity. possible. The face of Mary has the pallor of death attended many of those festivals, and in his work he ground with his back leaning against his hut, surupon it, but is at the same time wonderfully, regular gives the following amusing account of one of them- rounded by a circle of venerablemen, whose white

flowing beards and grey heads attested the salubrity in contour, and gives us a perfect idea of the early that of a much-esteemed warrior named Ti Koki : beauties of the victim of Elizabeth. Portraits of "Sonae native chiefs in our employment, who, be- of the climate, and the fortune that had attended the (on horseback), of Oliver Cromwell, of Sir Walter accompanied us. Taking advantage of the flood tide, the invariable custom of his people, sat in state to Charles XII., of Fairfax the parliamentary general longed to the tribe giving the feast, invited and tribe in escaping from the dures and violence of their Raleigh, of Thomson the poet, of James Duke of Mon- we rowed to the river Káuákáua,

until it contracted mouth and (a. beautiful oval of) his wife Anne,

so much in breadth, that we were obliged to make use, receive us, and though undistinguished by any pecuDuchess of Buccleugh, of Nell Gwynn, of Henrietta of paddles; about a mile farther,

the stream became liarity in dress from his attendants, hiš rank was Maria and her husband Charles I., and of Anne Hyde, too shallow for the boat, when the natives, who had easily recognised by the dignified bearing, acquired by the other oil paintings of the dining-room, some of trousers; stripped themselves of the latter, which they fication at the visit paid to him. The old gentlemen Duchess of York, are among the most prominent of deoked themselves in European duck frocks and an habitual exercise of authority. After pressing them being large, half-lengths, and others small-sized loft inside the boat, manually propelling it, thus around also expressed much satisfaction at the pre

sence of the whity man, whose presence was them in his collection, not to speak of their intrinsic were then obliged to land, Previously to proceeding merits, argues much for the authenticity of all these to the village where the festival was to be held, dis peculiarly agreeable, and whose tobacca was infinitely pieces, as he was careful in inquiring into the origin tant about half a mile, the natives stayed to arrange requested by the attendant chiefs. We presented of every one of his curiosities. He received the most the--hair of each other; and being all song of chiefs; each of his surrounding nobles, until, instead of the notice. This individual was named Beardie from his feathers

of the albatross (uianui),

gannet (tára), and infant. The venerable fathers were aware of this A portrait of his own great-grandfather also deserves placed with the gout of connoisseurs the plucked lion's share he retained not enough to satisfy an having left his beard untrimmed after the execution other sea-fowl, in various parts, Red paint (kokowai), but, regarding us as the jackall on the occasion, of Charles I., and we see him bere, accordingly, dis was much in requisition; a quantity of the mixture and consequently provider for the lion, they very tinguished by “His amber beard, and flaten hair,

of these antipodal exquisites dipped the entire head coolly pocketed (if a small pouch, three inches square, And reverend apostolic air."-Marmion.

and face. One of them had painted one-half of his suspended by a greasy cord from the neck, deserves of two fine miniatures on the walls of Scott's dining face longitudinally with this mixture, from the back the term) their share, after priming their pipes for a last painting exhibits a countenance of uncommon the whole washed over with rancid shark-oil. The even at the consequent loss he must individually feel. of Allan Ramsay, and the other of Claverhouse. This opposite half being rubricated with charcoal-dust, and gretted that he had wholly forgotten himself, but felt grace and beauty, corresponding less, assuredly, with effect of the red and black joining in the centre; Aware that as long as any of this much-valued pro the ferocious attributes ascribed to the man by the each side of his nose wore a parti-colour, was ludicrous be made to procure it, we gave the chief all that given to him in Old Mortality. A miniature of James in the extreme. The purposes to which the Euro- remained, who, assured that no more was secreted Ballantyne appears also among the pictures already enumerated.

* Manners and Customs of the New Zealanders, with numerous behind, appropriated it to himself. We were afterIt would be unpardonable, in this glance at the pic- Madden and Co. 1840, cuts drawn on wood. By J. S. Polack, Eeq. 2 vols. London: wards introduced to the ladies of the several chiefs,

whose nasal members we pressed with a vigour that

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by the flattened right-hand on the left breast, the quiet months to a man who has never asked anything | It has often been remarked, as a proof of the eminent every possible shape the muscles of the human face of Triumph for the Cossack," which could not greatly called them forth, and were justly admired by all can admit of--a leader giving a new grimace, which increase the content of the French at the presence, lovers of mere poetical excellence. Of how few write

argued the respect felt towards the individual, and an | together (at best an unpleasant coalition, but in cold The fame on which Europe so proudly looks backassertion of the courtesy prescribed by the native ton. seasons a perfect nuisance), and giving way to grief, Her knowledge, so weak in the hour of attack

All, all in that dust shall be swallow'd and swamp'd, A glance at the company in this native carnival may by recalling to remembrance the virtues or endearing not be deemed superfluous. The countenances of all actions of the dead With beads enclosed and hid

Which rises wherever thy hoof may have tramp'd.

On, on in thy course, then !- destroy without pauso the males were rubbed with red kokowai, which bad within one garment, entwining each other, they burst Their palaces, temples, tombs, manners, and laws! been powdered fine and mixed with oil, whose fotid forth simultaneously into a paroxysm of tears, giving Neigh, faithful one, neigh in thy haughtiest tones, effluvia made us glad to move to windward. Many vent to their absorbing grief by dismal moans and And pranoe with thy hoofs upon nations and thrones! had also enriched the crimson stains with broad bands wailing. After this has continued some time, they The next piece now selected from Beranger's portof blue earth (parakowähia), that encircled the eyes join in a loud chant, interrupted' by liquid streams folio, is one very different in its individual character, like spectacles, a band across the nose serving to issuing from the eyes and roses, commemorative of yet springing from the same fundamental circumunite the colouring pigment. All present were the past, the happiness that has vanished, and probable stances. The song alluded to is entitled Le Violon decorated with feathers, some old chiefs having their mishaps of the future. This Jeremiad is taken up by Brisé,“ The Broken Violin.” The scene, as the reader heads resembling those unhappy wights who are turns, groans are interchanged, and they work them- may readily discover, is supposed to take place as in tarred and foathered. Each of our retinue was pre- selves up into great affliction.

the preceding instance, when the allied armies occusented to Ruku and the conscript fathers, who sat in This strange custom is not confined to apparent pied France. Thus speaks a poor's itinerant perconclave around him. Each presentation was accom cause for grief; for to give an additional zest to the former on the violin :" panied by the pressing of noses (e’ongi) and expressions entertainment, sharp muscle-shells are made use of to of 'Friend, welcome ; how are you all ?? &c. *Ekoro 1 excoriate the skin, and the consequence follows in

THE BROKEN VIOLIN. airamai tenarákokoe,' in a whining tone, as if each streams of blood issuing from every part of the body,

Come, my poor dog, and eat thy All; were about to condole for the loss of their entire face, arms, breast, legs no part having the preference

Eat thou, in spite of my despair. generation. The last who approached was a nephew of an escape from this brutal practice. Nor is this One festive cake I here have still ; to Ruku ; they remained fast locked in mutual em- lamentation confined to such occasions ; on any per

Black bread must be our morrow's fare brace, tears on both sides falling in plentiful effusion sons, known or related to each other, meeting after Victors by guile, thus yesterday from their eyes and nose, so that I had much cause to an absence of a few weeks, or on the illness of a friend

Invading soldiers to me spokecongratulate myself on having already pressed the or relative, the muscle-shell and the accompanying

"* Strike up a dance !" I would not play,

And one of them my violin broke. now indecorous proboscis of the chief. These requisite tangi are instantly put in requisition. So enamoured salutations being performed, the natives prepared for are these people of affliction, that the writer has been

Ab, 'twas the village orchestra !

No sports henceforth, no joyons strain ! the dance of welcome, without which a guest would viewing a play (takaro) among the natives, when sud

Who now to dance in shade will play? deem himself but indifferently received. All the denly it has entered the afflicted head-piece of one of

Who will awake the loves again? males doffed their native garments, the villagers the performers to sit down to a tangi. The suitor for When morn arose in smiling pride, forming one party, and the visiters another. The this display of misery has no sooner expressed his

My violin's strings, so briskly prest, males had purposely denuded themselves entirely. desire, than, with the vacillating habits of these Were wont to tell to youthful brido After pursuing each other like mad fellows for some people, the whole company, instantly squatting down

The coming of the spousal guest. time, interchanging blows, some of which were no on the ground, have commenced crying with might When curates even would stand by, jest, they separated from each other and hastily and main,' as if they were about to be deprived of

Its music made our dances please ; formed themselves into ranks, taking opposite places. existence now and hereafter. So copious is the effu

The mirth that from its strings would fly,

Might to king's brow have given ease. This, from long practice, was immediately performed, sion of blood and tears, that their scanty garments when they rushed past each other to secure opposite are soon saturated.”

** When in our glory's day it rung places. In this melée various knock-down arguments,

To notes that glory had inspired,

Ne'er drenmt I it could be unstrung as such rough play has been termed, were used. The

By straliger hand, with vengeance fired! recipients appeared to return it in good carnest, with

SONGS OF BERANGER.

Come, my poor dog, and eat thy fill; sticks, paddles, short spears, and whatever lay in their

SEVENTH ARTICLE.

Eat thou, in spite of my despair. reach. After this had continued some time, each

One festive cake I here have still; party returned to their places, not omitting, in this The translations from Beranger which have already 'Black bread must be our morrow's fare. dos à dos movement, to give some sly hits to their appeared in this periodical, have been accompanied

Beneath the elm, or in the barn, opponents. The dance (haka) then commenced, amid with a few remarks descriptive of the character and

Now will the holiday seem long ! the discharge of artillery. Each party formed an position in life of the poet; and his retirement from

Can vintage-field or harvest corn extended line of three ranks ; the entire body of per- the busy world has also been referred to. In a letter

Be bless'd without an opening song ? formers were mixed together, without reference to the rank they individually held in the community. noticed by himself, in a style and tone of language to the Gascon bard, Jasmin, we find that retirement

My violin cheer'd the toilsome' hours,

It charm'd away the poor man's ills ; The males were armed with muskets, which they bran

Taxes, and storms, and great men's powers,

Through it fell harmless on our hills. dished with much adroitness, so as to display the bur- which remind us in an interesting manner of Robert mished stocks, on which much care had been expended. Burns, to whose independent spirit that of the great Feelings of hate it set to sleep, Those who were unable to procure this much-valued song-writer of France seems' remarkably akin. The

It bade the tear-drop cerise to flow;

Ah, ne'er did regal sceptre keep weapon, sported bayonets fixed to long spears, paddles, date of the letter is 1832. “You and others reproach

So sweet & sway as my poor bow ! and even rail-fencing (taiápa). The females, single me," says he to Jasmin, “with having been long silent. and married, widows and handmaids, added their Obliged, in order to assure myself an independent

But these our foes must fly the land,

And they have fired me for the fray; efforts to this dance of welcome ; but in order to give existence, to sell my songs to the publishers, I also

A musket now must in my hand due effect and prepare for the exertion, they had stripped themselves to the waist, leaving themselves came under an engagement not to issue any new thing

Replace what they have dash'd away.

And should I perish, then, perchånce, so far exposed to the gaze of their comrades, whose which might interfere with these purchased rights.

Some kindly friend will one day ory, attention, be it said, was wholly confined to the dance. I have, however, one other little collection of verses

“ He will'd not that a foe should dance In the chant that accompanies a dance, proper time yet to givé forth, and then will I take my final leave

Above our graves in mockery!"

Come, my poor dog, and eat thy áll; ehorus, whose effect must be heard to be appreciated, of the great world. My petty mission is fulfilled, and

Eat thou, in spite of my despair. when issuing from the lips of a thousand performers, mankind have had enough of me. I must prepare for One festive cake I here have still ;

Black bread must be our morrow's fare. who, at the same moment, to give increased effect to my retreat-'adjust my mantle, ere I fall. Without the sound, accompany the voice with a clap performed the necessity of living, I would have broken silence

; it the may

There is surely genuine pathos in this picture. whole body of performers apparently actuated by one from his country, nor desired aught from power, and

powers of Beranger, that to whatever subject he well-timed impulse. The implements in their hands who at this hour has no wish, save for a morsel of directed his muse-, whether

he made it the medium of yelling, howling, 'long and loud,' that threaten hard

bread and repose." to destroy the auricular organs of the audience. At

When the allies were last in France, Beranger stirring up national feeling-he always managed to the same time their countenances are distorted into conceived and produced a Chant du Cosaque, or “ Song infuse into his pieces such a degree of general interest

the

most exact unison, rolling the eyeballs to and fro in their sockets, so that at times the ball becomes almost spirit. Our version may give an idea of the spirit of satirical poems of our own poet Moore, with

all their inverted. This feat has the most diabolical this chant, though not of its polish :

wit and brilliancy, have fallen greatly into oblivionappear

their interest having declined with the hour that ance, when a stain of blue pigment encircles the orbit

THE SONG OF THE COSSACK.

produced them. The “ Chant du Cosaque," and the of vision. The long tresses of hair worn by both

« Violon Brise,” retain a permanent place in poetry, sexes, streaming loosely in the wind, and encircling

Come, friend of the Cossack! bright courser, come forth,
And bound to the sound of the trump of the north !

though certainly written for a special and passing countenances of a demoniacal cast, have an appear

For pillage still ready, and fearless of scathe,

purpose. Of a more general cast is the following ance that recalls to mind the Saxon traditions of our Spring under me, steed, and lend pinions to death!

little piece, though still springing in some measure ancestors, or an army of Gorgons. The tongues of No gold there may be on thy saddle or bit,

out of the extraordinary state of affairs in France the performers were thrust out of their mouths, with

But patience !--such prizes shall come to thee yet; an extension that rivalled the well-known chameleon,

Thou faithful one, neigh, then, in haughtiest tones,

during the career of the poet. A man of feeling and And prance with thy hoofs upon nations and thrones !

patriotism, indeed, could not escape having his fancies a feat accomplished by long habitual practice from early infancy. The whole effect gave an insight into

Petice, flying, to thee hath abandon'd the day;

tinged and moulded in such a manner by the tempoThe bulwarks of Europe are rent and away!

rary condition of his countrymen and country. Many the strong emotions these dances must produce in Come, bear me to treasures of wealth! and, for thee,

a poor victim of the long wars of Napoleon must have times of war, in raising the bravery of a party, and In the home of the arts shall thy stable soon be !

sung, in some such manner as this, to the winged scaring an antagonist, as also heightening the im

Come, drink of the rebel-waved Seine, then, once more, heralds of the spring placable hatred the belligerents must feel towards

Where the blood from thy hoofs has been twice laved before.

Thou faithful one, neigh in thy haughtiest tones, each other. The opposite party returned the comAnd prance with thy hoofs upon nations and thrones !

THE SWALLOWS,
pliment in similar style, the old seigniors acquitting
themselves as nimbly as their juniors. When the
Priests, nobles, and princes upon us have cried,

Captive on the Moorish shore,
When press'd by the poor ones they crush'd in their pride,

Bent with chains, a warrior lay. dance ceased, the lamentation (tangi) commenced, “ Come, save us," they cry, " and our lords ye shall reign

“ Are ye here," he cried, “ once more, when this singular assemblage dissolved into tears, Slaves to you, we at home still may tyrants remain.'

Birds who hate the winter's day? wailing and gnashing of teeth, with a promptitude My lance I have lifted, and low it shall bring

Swallows, whom sweet hope pursues
equalled only by the transformations produced by the
The cross of the priest and the crown of the king!

Hither even across the sea,
Thou faithful one, neigh in thy haughtiest tones,

Doubtless ye of France have news wand of Harlequin in a pantomime, or a ruthless And prance with thy hoofs upon nations and thrones !

Speak, oh speak of home to me!
enchanter in a fairy tale. The tangi on this occasion
related solely to the loss of the deceased chief, and
I saw a vast phantom aloft in the sky,

Three years have I pray'd for ruth
And it gazed on our host with a flame-kindled eye.

That some token ye would bear persons who had been gathered to their fathers during “My reign is renewed !" cried the shadowy forin,

From that vale which saw my youth
the year.
And a huge sword it shook o'er the west, like a storm.

Nursed in dreams so sweet and fair.
These lamertations extend to either sex. The
It was Attila's spirit-I knew it at once;

Where a limpid stream winds round
method of performing it is by two persons sitting on
And the voice I obey, as should child of the Huns.

Many a freshest lilac-tree,
Thou faithful one, neigh, then, in haughtiest tones,

Yo my cottage home have found the ground, when they press noses for some time And prance with thy hoofs upon nations and thrones !

Of that vale ol speak to me!

NATURAL GAS.

not.

PREDICTIONS OF THE WEATHER.

them built of mud. At the end of the “ street," so I if they did, the early ones would show that they see not grave a sneerer and a misanthrope. If, indeed, he be the soldiers. One apartment had been reserved for be destroyed. They come in consequence of the good view of human affairs may resolve itself into mere the officer commanding the troops ; our captain and weather which precedes their appearance; and they melancholy and pity; but this will not be the result

One of you perehance was born

and heard a strange noise; see I could not, for there Whenever I reached one of these pillars, I turned and 'Neath the eaves of that dear cot!

was no window in the room. I sat up on my straw bed. found his eminence waiting for the expected bow, Of the mother there forlorn,

Again I heard the same noise! | fancied I felt the which he immediately returned, continually progressYou must then have mourn'd the lot.

cloaks move! That might be the mice; but, no—they ing, and managing his paces so as to go through his Dying, she may hope in vain My return each hour to see :

moved again! I felt for my sword, but could not find share of the ceremony on the precise spot which had Then she lists then weeps again,

it. Imagining that the start I had given when I awoke witnessed my last inclination. As I approached the Of her love oh speak to me!

had forced the cloak over it, I put out my hand again hall door, our mutual salutations were no longer occaIs my sister wedded yet?

to feel for it;-and, oh, horror of horrors ! somebody, sional, but absolutely perpetual; and ever and anon they Have you seen a nuptial throng

I was sure, lay murdered by my side! I felt again- still continued, after I had entered my carriage, as the Of our village youngsters met,

it was cold, but it groaned! What should I do? I bishop stood with uncovered head till it was driven Her to praise and bless in song? And my youthful comrades--they

did not dare move! If it should be a murdered body, away.-Porlugal and Galicia. Who took arms with me in glee,

I would be taken up as a murderer. I was in a state of Have they reach'd their village, say?

terror-I could bear the idea no longer, but screamed Of these friends oh speak to me! “ Help! murder! thieves !"—any thing I could think and Gateshead_the Newcastle and Shields Railway

There is now a project on foot for lighting Newcastle Ah! the stranger o'er their graves

of. Now may foot it through the vale Those who fill my hearth he braves,

I got up, intending to run away; but, in my lærry, and the towns of North and South Shields, Sunderland, I fell over what I was sure was the corpse of some

and the Wearmouths—by means of the natural supply Makes my mateless sister wail !

of gas at Wallsend! This gas, as all persons in these Mine no mother may be more!

victim, for whose murder I should most assuredly be Chains, still chains my lot must be

hanged. I screamed again and again, but move I dared parts are well aware, has long been burned at the pitSwallows of my native shore,

At last my screams were heard by the sentinel mouth, man having wastefully refused to profit by the Speak ye of its woes to me!

on duty, and he had alarmed the guard ; and soon I boon of which nature made him the offer. * Some time had the gratification of seeing lights approaching, for ago, however, a Mr Douglas took out a patent for the the door of my mansion was wide open.

useful application of these natural supplies of gas; and, MY FIRST CAMPAIGN.

Again I screamed “Murder! help!" and the soldiers more recently, he obtained a lease of the copious (we I JOINED the depôt at Chatham, and was introduced to came to my assistance. They lifted me up more dead

believe we may say inexhaustible) supply at Wallsend. some of my brother officers. What a new life this was than alive, and seated me on a bench outside my hut,

His proposal to apply this gas to public purposes has to me, who had never stirred from my own quiet home and then, at my desire, proceeded to look for the “dead

for some months been under the consideration of many before !—and now to change it for the bustle and noise body."

influential and enterprising gentlemen in Newcastle, of a garrison town. But I was not doomed to remain A laugh was heard, and then another, till all who

who seem to be sanguine in their expectations of suclong there; the company to which I belonged was or. had come to my relief, expecting to find a “ horrid

cess and profit in this singular speculation. The gas, dered to Ireland. At first my military life seemed all tragedy," were one and all convulsed with laughter. 1 except that it is diluted with about ten per cent. of atvery pleasant, because it was new; in a short time I ventured to take a peep, and there, sure enough, was

mospheric air (an evil which is not without a remedy), got tired, and often wished myself at home—but this the cause, the innocent cause of my terror-a huge is remarkably pure-much purer, we are assured, than was of no avail, and on we went. pig, that probably had for months made this her rest

the gas now consumed in Newcastle and Gateshead, And then the “ crossing the Channel.” My first ing-place, had, as usual, come to her night's quarters; being free from the offensive admixture which occaappearance on any sea! I thought I was dying from and finding another inhabitant in her bed, had given sionally makes itself too familiar with one of the five the time I started. Oh, how ill I was ! but I was most the squeaks which awoke me. My fright was soon

senses. The facilities afforded by the railways which provoked that none of the other officers on board were over; but not wishing to have such a bedfellow again,

line the Tyne on both its banks, for the laying down of ill; and that the men under “ my command” should I relinquished the “snug berth” to her, and returned

pipes to convey the gas to the towns at the termini, will see me reduced to such a state, was galling in the ex to the barracks with the guard. So much for “My be at once obvious to every one ; while it will be seen treme. But sea-sickness is no respecter of persons. First Campaign.”—From " Amusement in High Life,

with what readiness the railways themselves may be How glad I was to hear the captain of our ship say, a work lately published.

lighted.Gateshead Observer. “ We shall be in now in about ten minutes :" but what

THE EFFECTS OF POLITICAL CONTROVERSY. a long ten minutes did that seem; the rolling of the lazy

There are pursuits in life, high in their character vessel, the flapping of the sails, I thought never would

and eminently useful, which nevertheless have somefinish. At last, we arrived near the shore, and by dint of towing and tugging, we were enabled to land without future state of the season from some single appearance the human disposition that amiableness of temper which

There is nothing more common than to predict the thing in them that almost inevitably tends to take from terra firma. And these, thought I, are some of the in the early part of it, and yet there is nothing more pleasures of a soldier's life!

unphilosephical or fallacious. An early blossom, an pursuits is that of politics. Whether a man be an actor early bee, or an early swallow, or the early appearance

in the political affairs of his country, or merely an attenWe proceeded to the barracks, and were very comfortable, and enjoyed our rest that night, for we had

of any other natural incident, is no evidence whatever tive looker-on and a commentator, there is so much of been constantly on the move for the last fortnight. We of the kind of weather that is to come, though the belief ! misrepresentation, so much of effrontery, so much of remained at Dublin three days, and then marched for that it is so is both very general and very obstinate. injustice in all its forms, to be remarked upon, to be our quarters, some forty or fifty miles distant from that The appearance of these things is the effect of the excused, or to be resented, that, in a man of quick sedcity: The places we had to halt in were generally weather, not the cause ; and it is what we may call an sibility, a bitter indifference or a passionate partisanship wretched dirty villages, and the people miserable and external effect, that is, it does not enter into the chain is almost sure to be the result. “Both of these are unfilthy in the extreme. After three days' march over

of causation. The weather of to-day must always have favourable to virtue and happiness, and the first is the some influence upon the weather of to-morrow; but its

worse of the two. Time may wear out a man's passion bad roads, we arrived at our place of destination. How any one could have fixed on such a spot as that was to

effects will not be altered in the smallest tittle, whether and violence, and he may subside into philosophy; but send trcops to, I could never properly settle in my own it does or does not call out of the cranny in which it has he who acquires a habit of bitter contempt for the con

duct of men, even in their most important concerns, mind. The village, or whatever it might be called, been hybernated, some wasp, or some swallow that was

too weak for autumnal migration. Birds, blossoms, and and who thus despairs of any permanent triumph of suppose I must call it, stood the barracks or barn for far into futurity, for they generally come forth only to

of a retiring and meditative disposition, this hopeless lieutenant had to "existtogether, but tunate me, “ the poor ensign,” what was í to do? A know no more of the future than a stone does. Man with such as continue to belong to active life. Every

day will afford them fresh evidence of folly and fresh vacant hut , next to the “ barracks," was now assigned it not that he reasons from experience and analogy, he food for contempt; and they go upon their way with

a to me; and my heart misgave me when I heard what would have no ground for saying that the sun of to-day bitter smile upon their lips; while cold scorn sitsatte was to be my fate. My mansion was built of mud, and the roof was is to set. The early leaf and the early blossom of this umphant upon their hardened hearts.—The Table

Talker. covered by a sort of thatch, composed of rushes and spring may be a consequence of the fine weather of last dend leaves. I had two apartments on the ground floor, and

the early insect may be evidence that the winter

autumn, which ripened the wood, or forwarded the bud; for there was no boarding," or “ flooring,” barring

It is a most remarkable fact, totally at variance with the ground. My drawing-room. opened into

the street; nected with plants or animals, taken in itself, throws universal experience of mankind, that the dominion of

has been mild: but not one of these, or any thing con- what might à priori be expected, but confirmed by the but an old rusty latch, so that a light puff of wind could light upon one moment of the future; and for once to

reason over the passions, the habit of foresight, and the open it. My“ bed-room”-a bed-room without a bed in suppose that it does, is to reverse the order and cause

power of forming a systematic plan for the conduct of it! A quantity of straw, however, could be discerned

of effect, and put an end to all philosophy—to all com- life, are just in proportion to the degree in which the in a corner, covered with soldiers' cloaks; and in this mon sense.--Mudie.

danger of immediate want or the pressure of actual place I was to sleep-- to dream sweet dreams, and

suffering have been removed from mankind. The savage to enjoy heavenly slumbers. However, I thought, I remember a striking instance of the great extent

who has no stock whatever for his support—who is in such has been the fate of many a better soldier than to which mere ceremonial is carried by the Portu- danger of immediate starvation if his wonted supplies myself, and about ten o'clock I retired to my elegantly guese of the old school. I called one morning on

from the chase or his herds were to fail-is totally furnished apartments. I ought to mention that there a high dignitary of the church, and ascending a

regardless of the future in every part of the world; was no door between my two rooms, but a space had magnificent staircase, passed through a long suite of while the rich man, whose subsistence and affluence are been left in one of the walls which served the purpose rooms to the apartment in which the reverend eccle- almost beyond the reach of chance, is incessantly disof one.

siastic was seated. Having concluded my visit, I bowed quieted about the manner in which' his subsequent life I undressed, and putting my cloak on for bed-clothes, and departed; but turned, according to the invariable is to be spent. The certain prospect of instant death I did not quite like the “ open house” that I was obliged made another salutation; my host was slowly following attention of rive one from the enjoyments of the moment; I lay down. Í kept my sword near me, for I confess custom of the country, when I reached the door, and to himself and all that are dear to him, from the occur

rence of a very probable event, is unable to draw the to keep. I did not intend to go to sleep for some time, me, and returned my inclination by one equally pro while the slight and improbable chance of a diminution and in a few minutes, I imagine, I was snoring. How- ment, he was standing on the threshold of the first, and in the smallest articles of future comfort, renders the ever, the first sleep did not last long, what with the the ceremony again passed between us ; when I had other indifferent to the means of present enjoyment misery of the place, the excitement I was in, and the gained the third apartment he was occupying the place which are within his reach.—Alison's Principles of quantity of visiters I had about me (for I verily believe I had just left on the second; the same civilities were

Population. this hut must have been the head-quarters of all the then renewed, and these polite reciprocations were conmice in the village), I found it impossible to rest long. tinued till I had traversed the whole suite of apartments. I turned round, however, and dozed and dreamed. At the bannisters I made a bow, and, as I supposed, a

ERRATA IN RECENT NUMBERS.- In the article respecting New I thought I was at home in our own little parlour, final salutation: but no—when I had reached the first with the New Zealand Land Company. This

, we are informed,

Zealand in No. 450, the Paisley Society is described as connected and was enjoying a dinner with my parents. Myʻinother landing-place, he was at the top of the stairs ; when I was telling me every circumstance which had occurred stood on the second landing-place, he had descended to

is not the case. In the article entitled “Gossip respecting the since I left my home, and she was just in the midst of the first; and upon each and all of these occasions, our

Carse of Gowrie," in No. 449, Forgandenny has been inadver

tently substituted for Forgan. her long story, when a violent scream was heard-s0 heads wagged with increasing humility. Our journey loud it seemed, that I awoke suddenly. Where was I ? to the foot of the stairs was at length completed. I had What was the matter? I had been dreaming certainly, now to pass through a long hall, divided by columns, London, Published with permission of the proprietors, by W.S. but that scream I heard was no dream. I listened, I to the front door, at which my carriage was standing. men.-Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.

COMPORTABLE CIRCUMSTANCES FAVOUR FORESIGHT.

PORTUGUESE POLITENESS.

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed]

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF " CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

NUMBER 455.

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1840.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

RESERVATIONS.

settle every thing as it was by law established, by mentally bury or reserve whatever may tell for the

which he expected they would suppose him to mean opposite party. They may have a certain glimmering In the romance of the Abbot, the ex-superior of the

their own forms, which had received an imperfect consciousness of the views and interests upon which monastery of Kennaquhair, a man represented by the

the opposite party proceeded ; but not only do they author as possessing high talents and many noble legal sanction, while in reality he referred to forms features of character, gains admission to the Castle of totally different, and, indeed, those very forms against keep every trace of these out of their recital, but they do

which they were contending. As his difficulties in- not even allow the consciousness of them to be a living Lochleven in the disguise of a common soldier, with the view of aiding in the escape of Queen Mary. In creased, he resorted to more and more deceptious thing in their own secret bosoms, trampling it down

on all occasions when it seeks to raise its “still sinall the presence of Mary, he is examined by the lady of practices of the same kind, and even on one occasion

deceived two parties at once in different negotiations. voice.” It is curious to see such a person labouring Lochleven, one of whose first questions put to him is, But what was the result? Let the bloody scaffold of to convey his view of a case, sensible, perhaps, that it “ You hold, undoubtedly, the true faith?“Do not

Whitehall relate it. The life of Charles I. would does not tell in a natural way, but struggling despedoubt of it, madam,” was the answer. On another

never have been taken as it was, if he had not, by his rately, nevertheless, to make the hearer believe it, query being put to him, touching his willingness to

mental reservations, impressed a general conviction when, probably, the mention of one simple circumperform his new duties, the stranger replies, “ In

that he could hold faith with no opponent, but would stance, which he pertinaciously chooses to conceal, the cause of the lady before whom I stand, I fear

turn upon such opponents and rend them, the moment would make all clear in an instant, and save him all nothing.". The querist and respondent here referred to very different churches and ladies, and Queen Mary that they, upon however strict a bargain, had released this voluntarily imposed trouble. Hence the almost him from restraint.

magical effect in clearing up a legal dispute, from afterwards spoke admiringly of the address shown in

It is obviously quite as bad to allow expressions hearing the explanation of an opposite party. The one the conversation. “Marked you not,” said she to her

not meant to deceive to be taken up or understood in little fact which was war to give the appearance of private attendants, “how astuceously the good father

a wrong sense by another party, as it is to use par ordinary human motives to the conduct of the defeneluded the questions of the woman Lochleven, telling ticular expressions with the intention of deceiving. dant is then supplied, and that instantly looks natural her the very truth, which yet she received not as

Bishop Burnet justly mentions it as a point of cha- and plain, which lately seemed like something not of such ?"

racter highly creditable to a nobleman of the time of this world. If we look closely into the bickerings and Though the author put these reported evasions into

the civil war, that he would never allow his words to disputes that are constantly taking place around us, the mouth of one of his most estimable characters, he

be accepted or interpreted otherwise than as he meant whether of a public or private nature, we shall find was fully aware that they did much less honour to the

them. It must often happen that expressions acci that the principle of mental reservations supplies & good father's probity than to his address, and he makes dentally let fall, are taken up by another party in key to most of them. Some little reservation of the the ingenuous youth Roland Græme utter the reflec

such a sense as to seem wise, or kind, or witty, or truth, on one or both sides, is usually at the bottom of tion, that “ the truth, when spoken for the purpose of something else reflecting credit on the sayer of them; the whole mischief. Neither party may move openly deceiving, was little better than a lie in disguise."

no truly conscientious person would fail in such cir- in the face of justice, or support his cause by direct This will be generally acknowledged as a just comment

cumstances to explain that he did not mean them in falsifications of the truth. There is merely, for the upon the supposed occurrence.

that light, for, otherwise, he would be profiting by a most part, a trifling misunderstanding, founded oriWe adduce the passage from the novel as a well praise that did not justly belong to him. Suppose ginally on a partial suppression of facts in some quarter conceived case of a kind of false-speaking only too that King Charles, instead of attempting to deceive or another, which gives a colour and countenance to common in the world. An individual is under the

his subjects, had only allowed them to deceive them- the view taken by each. Once committed to a partiinfluence of a particular set of ideas, which are well selves by putting a certain favourable construction on cular line of offence or defence, the parties are apt to known to his neighbours. A second individual, per what he said, different from what he meant, it is clear go on, until it is impossible to confess the error without fectly aware of these ideas, and how the first individual

that his criminality would have been exactly the same disgrace; and ruin, to one or to many, thus becomes, will interpret particular terms used by him, uses terms as it really was. On the other hand, the petitioning not unfrequently, the ultimate result. which, while perfectly true as to himself and many party might have taken up bis expressions in a light It often happens that an individual possesses many other persons, are utterly false as to the person ad more favourable than he meant, with a secret design estimable qualifications, suiting him for a particular dressed, because they are by him received in a different

to interpret them afterwards in a wide sense useful office or situation, but possesses also one qualification sense, and therefore have the effect of misleading to their own views : in that case, equally, the act so extremely objectionable, as in itself to unfit him Here it is of not the least consequence that the words would have been perfidious. It is not uncommon, in for the proposed function. He may, for example, would not be false to others : if they are false to the controversial writings, to see charges brought against possess all the requisites of a good schoolmaster, except person addressed, and if the speaker knows they will individuals, which, with the greater part of the pub- temper; or he may be qualified for the superintenbe so, he unquestionably utters the same thing as a lic, will have the effect of fixing a criminatory stigma, dence of a factory in all respects, except that of being lie. His consciousness of the prepossessions of the but which are, nevertheless, so artfully worded, that, a good accountant. It is too common, we fear, in first individual calls upon him either to give explana- if challenged, they may be explained away as mean giving certificates of character to candidates for situations suitable to the case, or to use language which ing something different. These, it is needless to re tions, to reserve the one objectionable peculiarity, has the same meaning with both parties : by no other mark, differ only from open false charges, in their while all the good qualifications are fully insisted on. means can be, in that case, act the part of an honest being presented in a cowardly manner. It is like It may be said that here no falsehood is told : cerman. The intention and the effect being so clearly the paltry expedient of the Delphic oracle, which tainly, this is true affirmatively. But is there not a bad, what does it matter for the particular expedient would take advantage of even a grammatical peculia- negative falsification ? Does not the writer of such a employed ?

rity in its native language to ensure that what it said certificate leave it to be presumed that the candidate An unfortunate English monarch, under the pres on any case would harmonise with the event. Looso- | is entirely qualified, when he is only partially so, or sure of great difficulties arising from variances with ness of language is the ordinary resource of mental re rather positively, though by but one peculiarity, dishis subjects, resorted to the plan of “reservations" as servers. If they can find a term sufficiently vague to qualified ? If, upon the strength of such certificates, a means of escape. The Commons brought before have the appearance of including what they mentally the candidate obtain the situation, his constituents him a bill of rights, seeking to define the ancient laws exclude, and thus can deceive the enemy, they con- will unquestionably find themselves deceived. It may by which the liberties of the people were supposed to ceive themselves to have gained their end in a very be said, these constituents had it in their power to be established. The king endeavoured to appease happy manner. Alas! wbat greater rationality make further inquiries of a different kind, so as to them and evade the bill, by giving them his solemn there in such conduct of human beings than in that find out the disqualifying circumstance. This might word that he would rule according to the laws of the of the poor animal which hides its head in the sand, or might not be ; the writer of the certificate was not realm, having all the time his own interpretation of and then believes itself to be completely concealed certain that such inquiries would be made. He at what these laws prescribed, while he knew that his from its pursuers !

least runs the chance of deceiving by his positive subjects regarded them in a different light. As often There is another kind of mental reservation, which evidence, seeing that perhaps none of another nature happens, no one was deceived but the unhappy man consists in telling only a part of the truth, not with may be sought for. We would say, then, that any who thought to be the deceiver : the only result was, standing that the concealment of the remainder is one called on to write a certificate as to the qualificathat he so far lost the respect and confidence of his sure to have the effect of deceiving. It is to be feared tions of another, from the condition of a common people. Afterwards, when quarrels took place re there are few persons who, when a variance has taken servant upwards, is bound, if he give a certificate at specting ecclesiastical arrangements, he repeatedly place with a neighbour, are sufficiently candid to give all, not to conceal circumstances which he conscienendeavoured to disarm his opponents by promising to a fair recital of the circumstances. Usually, they tiously believes to be of a disrualifying nature.

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