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CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,"
“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.
Price Three Halfpence,
THE SOIRÉE MUSICALE.
that they could refuse him ; and it will be strange, oven Genteel, and took his seat by her side, interrupt
indeed, if Roulade does not keep their hands full. I'lling her performance each instant with the customary It is just ten. A moderately-sized drawing-room, in lay any wager in reason that he comes here only be phrases of admiration—" Brata!—what grace !—what a demi-fashionable terrace, is stuffed with from sixty cause Miss Cecilia Genteel is clever in accompanying; lightness !—what a delicious movement! Bra-1to eighty persons, most of them standing, pressing and and it is not at all impossible that he will ask her Charming! Ah, molto bené! Bravissima !—issima ! elbowing each other, uttering surly monosyllables, hand in marriage, if for no other reason, for this. The make-believe was complete on both sides. For scarcely able to move an arm. The solitary lustro that he may be enabled to attach definitively to his not a note did Roulade listen to ; and the waltz diffuses no very brilliant light around it. Tea, coffee, person and his voice so distinguished an accompagna- being excessively insignificant in itself, a mere remiices, jellies, and sorbettes, circulate with no manner trice."
niscence of Miss Cecilia's solfeggio, Roulade was enof profusion. Mrs Genteel, seeing and hearing, right “You treat him severely enough. He is probably chanted with the expectation that his performance and left, a few significant and ill-concealed yawns, one of your friends ?”
would shine out the more brilliant by comparison. exclaims, as if animated by a sudden recollection, “Why, for that matter, I never refuse him a shake The tactics of an amateur singer are as skilful as “ Upon my word, I think it is time we should begin of the hand.”
those of a general. He knows how to husband his the music."
The stranger felt persuaded that the distinguished forces, to deploy them into line at the fitting time, “But, mamma, mamma,” says Miss Cecilia Beeth amateur, whose arrival was expected with so much and to keep as a corps de reserve the most triumphant oven Genteel, her eldest daughter, a young lady of impatience, was calumniated by some unsuccessful portion of his array. He will commence probably twenty, who plays the piano-forte passably well, and rival. Presently a servant announced, “Mr Quaver with a fashionable song, afterwards give something has even composed a waltz à la Strauss, and a quad- Roulade.”
vulgar, and conclude with a difficult scena from the rille à la Musard—“ you forget, mamma, that Mr At the mention of this philharmonic name, a con- opera most in vogue, or some marvellous piece of bra Quaver Roulade is not yet come, and you know that siderable sensation pervaded the assemblage, and every oura. All is calculated with him in the meting out without him we can never begin the concert.” head was stretched towards the door. Matrons agi- of his sweet sounds; and never did diplomatist nego“Oh la—no !" said her younger sisters.
tated their fans and turbans ; young maids simpered, tiate more effectually to bring about a point of policy « The truth of the matter's this,” was the under spied, and looked pleased. The new arrival entered than he to carry off the honours of the soirée. toned remark of a young man who seemed not to care the room with all the self-satisfied assurance which Earnestly invited to sing, Roulade implored Mrs a rush about music—"Roulade must always be the his popularity in society warranted—with the air, in Genteel to excuse him, for he had come so hurfirst and the last to make himself heard.” The youth short, of a man who says to himself, “I do you too riedly that he was still out of breath, and found curled his lip with the least in the world of a con- much honour to set foot amongst you.” The person himself incapable of sounding a single note. This temptuous expression, and passed to a small sleeping- of such a man deserves to be analysed.
was all a figment. The truth was, that Roulade room on the same floor, which was transmuted, " for A figure somewhat over the middle size ; shoulders wanted in the first instance to get rid of the little this night only," into a little salon de jeu, and took his like those of a porter ; a blonde complexion, heightened boarding-school misses and their little voices. In place at a whist table.
for the nonce with a sprinkling of rouge, to repair the consequence of this refusal, three or four young ladies A gentleman, who was introduced this evening for ravage of a score of balls, attended within the same took their seats, one after another, at the piano, and the first time to Mrs Genteel's circle, inquired of number of days; a large and somewhat unmeaning gave forth the contents of their musical budget. “Di one of the initiated near him who this Mr Quaver face, in a "frame" of thick black whisker (the red tanti palpiti !” was squealed ; “ Zitti, zitti, piano !" Roulade was, who appeared to enjoy so vast a degree roots contrasting strangely, to an inquisitorial eye, squalled ; and one little minx had the effrontery to of consideration in Mrs Genteel's family.
with the factitious colour); hair trained into ring- execute “ Di piacer!" without benefit of time or “ Roulade ?” replied the person thus addressed ; lets over the entire surface of the head, like that clergy. What a ridiculous rage is that which has “ you must take care how you speak of him. It is of an opera Cupid, and descending down his shoul- set in of late years for Italian vocal performances ! right that you should know that Mr Roulade is a ders almost as far as an ancient tail; a nose fur- Bread-and-butter misses making cat's meat of the divery important personage, necessary, nay indispen- nished with wings and open nostrils; great mobility vinest musical morceaux, in a language they can neither sable, at all musical parties of a certain pretension. of eye-brow; and a languishing eye, indicating by its comprehend nor pronounce ! The thing is absolutely He is disputed, contended, fought for, in twenty dif- expression the habitual practice of warbling passionate atrocious. To ears accustomed to the glorious organs ferent drawing-rooms; at least, so he says. He is operatic morceaux, and tender ballads. His neck was of the opera, it is utterly intolerable ; and there is no the son of a fashionable undertaker ; but his grave loosely girded by a slight cravat, arranged so that one thing which makes us more shockingly ridiculous functions have impressed no air of solemnity on his the action of the throat might not be in the slightest in the eyes of foreigners, than this most inane and looks, nor have they bespread his person with the hues degree impeded. A gold eye-glass fell upon a satin ludicrous pretension. I had rather hear a buxom of mourning. By no means. Roulade is a dilettante waistcoat, flowered with silver ;“continuations" alto country lass sing “ Harvest home,” or “ Peas upon by nature—a genuine fanatico per la musica. Not an gether suitable. An album, splendidly bound in red a trencher,” while she is milking her cow, than the opera comes out, of which he does not retail the tenor morocco, which the Troubadour held in his hand, and best specimen I have ever heard of these boardingsongs. All the repertory of Rubini has passed through which was all filled with the newest music, completed schooled, under-aged, English-Italian singers. his throat : in short, he is Rubini—minus the voice ! | his brilliant ensemble.
At the second of these perpetrations, Roulade sufJudge for yourself. He usually waits until he has “ My dear Mr Roulade, you have come rather late," fered a gesture of annoyance to escape him ; at the been very much pressed, before he sings, that being said Mrs Genteel. “ You are determined that people third, he shifted nervously to and fro on his chair ; at the usage, though he is all the time violently con- shall long for your arrival.”
the fourth, he appeared quite agitated, took off and trolling his crotchets. Musical amateurs, too, are “ Is it possible, Mrs Genteel, that your party can put on his delicate kid gloves several times in succesalways the better of a slight cough. How else excuse have taken the slightest notice of my absence ?" sion, and passed his hand rapidly through his welltheir false notes ? Roulade always commences by Here Miss Cecilia stepped forward and said, “ In- trained ringlets. Unable to restrain himself any assuring the company that he has a bad cold. But deed, Mr Roulade, we could not think of beginning longer, he at length said to the mistress of the house, the moment he is launched, like a ten-oared gig without you.”
“ The fact is, Mrs Genteel, that I am peculiarly unmanned by Westminster school-boys, he never stops. Roulade, propitiated by this well-flung incense, fortunate this evening. These are all my favourite He makes it a matter of conscience to satisfy all tastes bowed and said, “ Had you done so, I should have songs that the young ladies have been singing. I had except the true one. He is a music-machine run mad been deprived of the very great pleasure of hearing brought them in my album, but I am now deprived of -a barrel-organ with tunes interminable. He gives you throughout."
every one of them; and I must therefore entreat of you no more breathing-room than himself ; time is “ You are very good to say so, Mr Roulade—but, you not to reckon upon me to-night." out of the question; of that he is but little solicitous. indeed— I have not composed any thing new of late.” Here the young man, whose observation I recorded He would sing a whole trio to his own cheek, if “ How! not even a waltz? Ah! come now, Miss in the commencement of this paper, approached it were possible ; and not even Donizetti could com- | Cecilia, do favour us.”
the amateur, and with beautiful sang froid expressed pose operas enough to keep him going. In short, he
“It–t-tried yesterday,” said Miss Cecilia, with all the regrets which he felt, adding that " it was beis the plague of all unfortunate young ladies who a blush and a simper.
yond all question impossible that, amongst the music have learned to touch the piano-forte (which means, I Charming ! I'm sure you'll enchant us."
of Miss Cecilia Genteel, he would not find some air to believe, all her majesty's female subjects, without Roulade rushed towards the piano-forte, opened it, suit his voice.” exception), when he solicits of them the favour to arranged the wax-lights in the most favourable posi- A general chorus of approbation followed this sugaccompany him ; good manners render it impossible I tion, gallantly offered his hand to Miss Cecilia Beeth gestion. Every corner of the room was searched ; and the titles were read over of a vast number of songs, velop fresh musical treasures. Then the company of Fop's Alley, at the opera ; and though the divine which must have found themselves no little astonished implored him not to stop with a single song. "Mrs four should be doing their utmost, the like of which to see the light again. “ Away, away to the mountain Genteel carried him a jelly, and almost thrust it the world never heard before, or by four, he is sure to
down his throat. “ Good ?” said the young man have some impertinence to pass off on his neighbours brow !" “ Bells upon the wind,” “ I've been roam
whom I have previously introduced to my readers, in for criticism. ing,” “ The light of other days," " My dark-haired an under tone, “ they do well to give him something I shall conclude by laying it down as a general girl” (unfortunately, Miss Cecilia Genteel had light to sweeten his roice." Then coming forward, and rule, that amateur singers, when they sing, murder hair), “ Rise, gentle moon !” (Miss Cecilia declared accosting Roulade, with truly Cromwellian hypocrisy, music-when they have lost their voices, abuse it. that this latter song was detestable , &c. &c.) Roulade, that song charmingly. Before I had the pleasure of
“Ah, Mr Roulade,” said he, “ you have indeed sung meanwhile, lost the better part of his assurance ; for, hearing you, I imagined that. We met could only be POPULAR INFORMATION ON POLITICAL poor wretch! he saw himself exposed to the sad alter- sung etfectively by a female voice ; but you have made
ECONOMY. native of either not singing at all, or striving to boggle it change its sex. What shall we have the pleasure
NINTI ARTICLE.--MODES OF SPENDING. through airs of which he scarcely knew a note. The of hearing from you next ?”
* I don't know-can't say precisely," said Roulade. In all discussions on political economy, it is necessary truth may as well be out at once : Roulade knew next
“ But, since the company desire it, I shall try the first to preserve a distinction between the moral and what to nothing of music, and was obliged to strike for a thing that comes to hand.” whole week with one finger upon a piano-forte, in The grossest flattery, nay, the most downright may be called the purely economical lights in which order to catch with accuracy the most trivial air. Oh, mockery, is accepted as certain truth by that most each subject may be viewed. The effect of a particular singular piece of good fortune ! here is “ We met !" weak-headed of mortals while the fit is on him-an operation on the morals of society must be kept disand Roulade knows it—“We met!”-that triumph dispatched "She wore a wreath of roses”— A baby rich or poor. When this distinction is not kept in
amateur singer. During the next half hour, Roulade tinct from its simple physical influence in making it of sentimental maidens musical—that melody which lay sleeping"
_“ Buona notte”-“She sat within the is so exquisite (though hackneyed) in the mouth of a abbey walls” _“ Isle of beauty"_" Teach me to for- view, perpetual explanations are necessary to let it be beautiful woman. Now, Roulade was any thing in get"--" La Biondina”—“Happy land”_“Our first and known that, in estimating the profit or loss of any the world but a beauty, though unmasculine enough in dearest home, and some two or three more of the system of human action, those of a moral nature are
choicest favourites of the modern Rosa-Matilda school. not taken into view. The distinction is easily preappearance. But he always spoke like one who was The ears of his audience at length began to grow served in the other sciences. No one, for instance,. capable of every thing, and he proved it on this occasion. fatigued, and then Roulade's exercise was varied by
A profound silence reigned throughout the apart- taking a part with Miss Cecilia Genteel in such novel ever confounds the natural history of horses with the ment. Miss Cecilia Genteel took her seat at the duets as “ I know a bank,” “Love in thine eyes," moral influence of driving a chariot, or the botanical piano-forte. Roulade coughed slightly in his hand. Ye banks and braes," and (name it not in the Royal analysis of grain with the effects of distillation on kerchief, took off his glove, and permitted the com- from II Puritani. There was murder, if ever there was
Academy of Music) the magnificent Sona la tromba, society. The majority of the phenomena of political pany to obtain, as if by accident, a glimpse of a fine a musical Greenacre. To think of the glorious battle- economy, however, operate through certain moral antique cameo, which he wore, together with a large call which the magnificent organs of Lablache and qualities on which we must calculate ; we must, for brilliant, on the little finger of his left hand. His Tamburini make stir the bosoms of the opera au- instance, keep in view the almost universal desire of right hand, concealed by the altar of Polyhymnia-dience like a clarion, squeaked by Mr Quaver Roulade's gain, the parental love of offspring, prejudices in time
cracked fiddle of a voice, and Miss Cecilia Genteel's and place, &c., as the naturalist estimates the operacommonly called piano-was ready to beat the time,
penny trumpet ! without being perceived by a living soul. He raised
Verily, I shall take my hat, and leave at once ; fortion of the laws of nature. It is almost needless to his eyes towards heaven, dilated his already expansive I have had more than enough of a soirée musicale ; and say, that upon the operation of these moral laws of nostrils, pitched as large a portion as he could muster Quaver Roulade takes his hat and his leave at the nature (if we may so term them), we cannot look with of feeling and sentiment into all his features, made a same time.
the same abstract indifference as on the physical.
Roulade being in requisition in more than one While we are thinking and writing on them, they are bewildered gesture with his left hand, and commenced drawing-room, remembered an engagement at Cute themselves operating within us, and influencing our the famous
mout Terrace, New Road; and being now satiated “We met-'twas in a crowd and I thought he would shun with applause, squinted at the clock. This being thoughts and deeds. It would not at first sight apme;
perceived by half a score of people at once, all the pear, but there is in reality scarcely a branch in poliTIe came- I could not breathe-for his eye was upon me! young ladies in the room besieged his skirts, and im- tical economy in which it is more necessary to keep the He spoke-his"
plored Roulade not to leave them. But the hero of moral and the economic branches of the question more Here the singer, who had occupied himself too much the gamut was immoveable in his resolution to depart. completely distinct than in this one of expenditure. with the pantomimic part of his performance, forgot which he hoped to sing all through at his second
Capital was stated in a previous article to be the the words. soirée, and straightway evaporated.
result of accumulated labour. The method by which “ Words were cold !” exclaimed at least a dozen It was now past midnight; and Roulade's papa's the property created by labour is so accumulated, is voices.
all engaged that day, in the country, or by producing more commodities than the amount “ Words were cold !" articulated Roulade, stooping very much knocked up by a multiplicity of funerals, consumed, and reserving a portion. In other words, to read the printed words. In an energetic, and, as chagrin he had been unable to sport his cab. He had it is by using the existing capital in such a manner 38 it were, triumphant voice, he exclaimed,
proceeded only a few yards from Mrs Genteel's door, that, instead of being consumed, it may not only re-"But his smile was unalter'a !" when some drops of rain began to fall. Roulade ran place itself, but bring an addition with it. Capital so And, then, louder still, with a mighty rinforzando,
forward on the tips of his patent-leathers towards the used is said to be profitably employed--the addition
nearest cab-stand, where “I knew how much he felt, for his deep-toned voice falter'a !"
said to be made by it to the existing property is called
“Smack went the whip, round went the wheels," The deuce was in it, if Quaver's voice faltered; for pleasantly saluting his ear with the hope of a dry very prominent and interesting position in political
profits. This is a subject which by itself occupies a the pretended tenor had a barytone voice, and his conveyance. Horror on horrors ! The last of the vehigh notes escaped from him more like strangled hicles was just rolling off with a fare, and Roulade economy, and which deserves a separate notice. It is shrieks than anything that musicians wot of. Some was constrained to foot it. But, worse and worse! proposed to confine the present article more directly times it was a low C, bellowed forth as if from a the celestial flood-gates seemed to be opened, cataracts to the subject of the distinctions between profitable trombone, sometimes a G above the line, squeaked as
descending, and torrents falling.. Spouts and the and unprofitable expenditure.
roofs of houses poured forth a hissing stream, and if by an asthmatic flageolet. Now you would swear Roulade swam rather than walked right through the
It is a very common and not unnatural feeling that you heard a bull, and now a grasshopper. At one bosom of this unforeseen deluge. Notwithstanding among mankind in general, that the proprietor of moment he seemed to draw up his voice from the his great eagerness to keep his second engagement, wealth is the source of its creation, and that in the bottom of his boots, at another down from the top- and discharge his lungs of the contents of his album, dispenser of money they look upon one but for whom most recesses of his head. Now he plunged his chin he was forced to sound a retreat Still his musical it would not have had existence. If the rich man deep into his cravat, set up a rumbling in his intes-cile and Cut'emout Terrace. In the very midst of made his own fortune, the supposition is founded in
fervour was such, that he hesitated between his domi- has, by his own industry, genius, or success in trade, tines, like a volcano or a ventriloquist ; and anon he this perplexing quandary, a streamlet formed by the suddenly threw back his head, expanding his chest rain, a sort of metropolitan Rubicon, presented itself truth; but he who has contributed nothing to the creaand his arms, with the inspired air and attitude of a before him. There was but one thing for it-Cæsar- tion of the wealth he enjoys, is its mere recipient and Rubini. If you shut your eyes, you would imagine alas ! let fall en passant his precious morocco-bound his intervention, and had he never lived, it would not
like to bound over the obstacle. Roulade did so, but, distributor. The property came into existence without that you heard a duet performed by the parish clerk and glittering album, which the muddy and guttery the less have existed in some other person's hands. and a child in the choir. It is unnecessary that I stream carried off in its bosomshould make particular mention of all Roulade's false
Having, then, no merit in bringing it into being, all
"Like the rainbow's lovely form, notes, of all his doubtful notes, of all his notes flat
Evanishing amid the storm!"
that the successor to riches can do for society with tened towards the end, of all his infamous shakes, his Poor Roulade ! His disasters did not end even here. respect to his property, is to use it beneficially. mock grace-notes, his rascally fioriture ! His princi- Unfortunate barytone-tenor, upon this fatal night he There are circumstances frequently in the very nature pal merit consisted in the marvellously pathetic pan; days, and finished by taking away that voice which of such a service. Its size is a material impediment.
caught a violent cold, which said him up for several of the property which interfere with the performance tomime, with which, rolling his eyes like saucers, and constituted his most attractive ornament. Ever after; The proprietor of an unwieldy large fortune has no shaking as if in an epilepsy, he bellowed forth like the bis recreant throat rebelled against all the efforts of inducement to employ it profitably. He cannot keep victim roasting in Phalaris's bull,
its master to extract from it the smallest sound which “The world may think me gay, for my feelings I smother!”
even Roulade's audacity could palm off for music. a watch on his own expenditure, and therefore a large
With his voice, he lost, of course, four-fifths of portion of it is wasted or unworthily distributed. In And wound up all, clasping his hands, as, with re his invitations, and, what was much more, the well- a country where feudal practices linger, such as our doubled ardour, he made the ceiling ring with the endowed hand of Miss Cecilia Genteel, who married a pathetic finale
genuine tenor, that was fort inate enough to make own, it is indeed among the rules of society that a « Oh, thou hast been the cause of this anguish, my mother !"
timely seizure of the succession left vacant by the certain portion of such fortunes shall be thus wasted; breaking-up of Roulade's organ.
that it is beneath the dignity of the possessor to Loud and long resounded the applause with which Following the universal rule in such cases, Roulade reckon too carefully about his houses, dependants, the Goths (of which, in musical matters, nine- fell into the ranks of discontented melomaniacs. Never and equipages. It is never once considered whetenths of every English assemblage is composed) we did not intendo Never did he hear an air Withvut ther the money he gives brings a suitable return complimented the singer's efforts. Congratulations venting his spleen in some such piece of supercilious cither to himself or to any other portion of the poured in from every side. An encore was prayed ; criticisin as vicious method” –“ slender voice” — human race. If the merits of the individual were but this Roulade resisted, for his object was to de- “ cxecrable taste," &c. &c. He is a regular frequenter at all concerned in the existence of the fortune, it
might rather be said, then, that such a person did form, as substantial as they are imagined to be, they unproductive expenditure exists, in the obtainment of injury than benefit to society. The riches would have would be far more than counteracted by the havoc rational enjoyments, will be an index to the general existed had he not lived, and they might have been in created among the industrious by unpaid bills. prosperity that exists within it, and of which all its hands that would have employed thein better. Sup The narrow, self-regarding views which have, as members will more or less partake. pose his fortune to possess the character of a large above noticed, given the credit of general benefactors landed estate. The rent which constitutes the pro- to those who have employed certain classes of trades
NAPOLEON'S THREE WARNINGS. prietor's riches is created by the industry of the work- men, have often led to the adoption of curious views man, and the skill and capital of the farmer laid out as to the place where expenditure should occur. In The celebrated Fouché, Duke of Otranto, was retained on the tillage of the soil. T'hat soil would have existed the general case, a man's expenditure will be equally but a short time, it is well known, in the service of to prompt their exertions had it been divided among beneficial to his race, wherever it may take place; the Bourbons, after their restoration to the throne of twenty proprietors instead of belonging to one ; and but some shopkeepers occasionally think otherwise, France. He retired to the town of Aix, in Provence, not only would the return in rent have probably been they hold that it should be spent among themselves, and there lived in affluent ease upon the gains of his larger (for the small proprietor has generally greater and they sometimes get a portion of the public to long and busy career. Curiosity attracted many visiters inducements to bring land under tillage than the join them. If a man has a uniform income, which around this remarkable man, and he was habitually large), but the rent received would have been un- he will spend annually on a butcher, baker, or tailor, free in communicating his reminiscences of the great doubtedly more frugally and circumspectly spent. his money will produce, in the general case, the events which it had been his lot to witness. On one Thus it appears that, as the wealth arising from great greatest quantity of advantage to the recipients if he occasion, the company assembled in his saloon heard estates is generally spent, it does less than its propor- always remain in the same place. The respective from his lips the following story. tion of good. Any law tending to prohibit, or even to tradesmen who have a set of regular customers, know By degrees, as Napoleon assumed the power and discourage, the accumulation of large fortunes, would how much raw material to lay in, how many hands to authority of a king, every thing about him, even in be prejudicial to society, by removing an inducement employ, and how much income they may put them the days of the consulate, began to wear a court-like to enterprise and exertion; but, undoubtedly, a law selves in the way of spending. A law, however, tend- appearance. All the old monarchical habitudes were which directly interferes for the creation of unwieldy ing to enforce the benefit of perpetual residence in revived one by one. Among other revivals of this large estates, or for the protraction of their existence one place, besides many other evils, would be an in- kind, the custom of attending mass previous to the such a law, for instance, as the entail system in Scot- fringement on civil liberty not to be endured ; nor hour of audience, was rostored by Bonaparte, and he land-is directly injurious to society.
would it be of much perceptible service in a popu- himself was punctual in his appearances at the chapel When the man of large fortune happens to be seized lous and affluent country, where the inducements of Saint-Cloud on such occasions. Nothing could be with or driven into a fit of extravagance, his merits which have brought one to reside in a place will gene- moro mundane than the mode of performing these as a benefactor are held to be in a state of peculiar rally call a successor on his departure. Any act of religious services. The actresses of the opera were activity. He is then under the operation of impulses the government, however, which should have the the chorists, and great crowds of busy talkative people of active and energetic benevolence, creating and dis- effect of removing a large and rich body-the court were in the habit of frequenting the gallery of the tributing blessings around him. When a great enter and legislature, for instance-from the place where chapel, from the windows of which the First Consul tainment is given, which calls forth the exertions of they have been in the habit of congregating, would and Josephine could be seen, with their suites and the dress-maker, the perfumer, the wine-merchant, cause great evil and injustice. It has often been said friends. The whole formed merely a daily exhibition and the pastry cook, there are endless congratulations -and petitions have been presented to Parliament on of the consular court to the people. about “impulse to trade," “benefit to the community," the subject—that the legislature and the court ought At one particular time, the punctuality of Bonado a great deal of good indeed,” “ circulate money" to be occasionally convened in Edinburgh or Dublin. parte in his attendance on mass was rather distressing
employinent to poor people,” &c. Surely, if all this From their not being so, the present race of trades- to his wife. The quick and jealous Josephine lad good is really created by the enjoyments of the aris- men in these cities experience no injustice ; but from discovered that the eye of her husband was too much tocracy, those of them who refuse to bless mankind a removal, those of London would suffer much injury. directed to a window in the gallery, where thero at so easy and pleasing a rate, are guilty of much It is said their custom should be distributed—Scot- regularly appeared the form and face of a young girl cruelty, or at least supine indifference to their fellow- land and Ireland should have their turn, &c. Now, of uncommon beauty. The chestnut tresses, brilliant creatures. But perhaps if we inquire a little into the no man is injured by never receiving that which he eyes, and graceful figuro of this personage, caused the real character of these impulses to trade, we shall find has never acted on the anticipation of getting. The more uneasiness to the consul's wife, as the stranger's that those who act otherwise are not such enemies tradesmen of Westminster (some of them, by the way, glances were bent not less often upon Bonaparte than to society as they naturally appear in the eyes of the from Edinburgh, some from Dublin) set up their his were upon her. “Who is that young girl !" said merchant who would fain be supplying them with business in that place for the purpose of supplying the Josephine one day at the close of the service ; “ what costly wines, or the milliners, who think the ladies of demand which the existence of the court and legisla- can she seek from the First Consul? I observed her the house do not spend what they should on feminine ture in its neighbourhood was likely to occasion ; and to drop a billet just now at his feet. He picked it up; finery. The mistake so prevalent on this subject is a if the position of any class of tradesmen ought to be I saw him." No one could tell Josephine who the natural offspring of the selfishness of mankind. The taken into consideration, in fixing the seat of legisla-object of her notice precisely was, though there were persons who are employed by a man's wealth being tion, it is theirs. The inconveniencies, however, of a some who declared her to be an emigrant lately returned into the channel of dissipation, are undoubtedly permanent change of place, such as took placo in turned, and one who probably was desirous of the inbenefited by his taste in expenditure, in as far as his the case of Scotland and Ireland, would not be pro- tervention of the First Consul in favour of her family. debts are paid. These, then, arc clamorous to the ductive of so much evil as might be anticipated. The With such guesses as this, the consul's wife was world about the benefits they receive at his hands; tradesmen in the new locality might have the start, obliged to rest satisfied for the time. and as those from whom the expenditure is diverted but those of the old one would soon migrate.
After the audience of that same day had passed, Boby its taking this direction—those among whom his The chief evils of what is called absenteeism, arise naparte expressed a wish for a drive in the park, and money would have been spent had he followed a dif- from such a change in the seat of expenditure. A accordingly went out, attended by his wife, his brother ferent career-are not in court to state their own landed proprietor employs a grocer, a baker, a car- Joseph, Duroc, Cambaceres, and Hortense Beauharcase, the world takes the others at their word, and penter, and, perhaps, à tailor, in a small village on his nois, wife of Louis Bonaparte. The King of Prussia joins in their gratulations. The mistake on which all estate, and when he leaves the spot, their income will had just presented Napoleon with a superb set of this proceeds is, that money is spent by this means be so far depreciated, that they cannot live there, but horses, four in number, and these were harnessed to which would not be spent otherwise. Before the in- must seek their fortune clsewhere. How far such an open chariot for the party. The consul took it vention of the banking system, when coin was hoarded an event will be productive of much mischief, must into his head to drive in person, and mounted into in the earth, the supposition was not inapplicable. depend on circumstances. In a popular view, how the coachman's place. The chariot set off, but, just In a commercial cominunity, however, it is a general over, the evils of absenteeism are vastly exaggerated. as it was turning into the park, it went crash against proposition that no considerable suin of money remains It seems to be considered, that when the landlord is a stone at the gate, and the First Consul was thrown unused. Suppose the landed proprietor to have some gone, the whole industry and enterprise of the spot to the ground. He attempted to rise, but again fell thousands of pounds in his hands, which he does not go with him. The rent, however, which the landlord prostrate in a stunned or insensible condition. Meanwish to lay out on baubles and dissipation, his object chooses to enjoy elsewhere, is but a small part of the while, the horses sprung forward with the chariot, will be to find an investment. Perhaps he buys stock riches produced on his property. In the creation of and were cnly stopped when Duroc, at the risk of his in a railway or canal, or mining company; in this the rent, the neighbourhood is benefited to an extent life, threw himself out and seized the loose reins. Jocase his money, after having employed workmen, and to which the spending of it in the vicinity is a baga- sephine was taken out in a swooning state. The rest conveyed or created useful commodities, will generally telle. Before the farmer can pay it, he must have of the party speedily returned to the First Consul, and return to him with a profit, from which further funds expended, perhaps, three or four times its amount in carried him back to his apartments. On recovering accumulate for the same or other purposes. Perhaps a manner so profitable, as not only to produce the rent his senses fully, the first thing which he did was to the saving man lends out his money. If the borrower itself, but to support himself and his family after feed- put his hand into his pocket and pull out the slip of spend it in frivolities, it cannot be worse employed ing a number of labourers. What the farmer spends paper dropped
at his feet in the chapel. Leaning than if the original owner had done so. But in the in such a manner that it is replaced with profit, is over his shoulder, Josephine read upon it these words general case, the borrower will be an employer of three or four times as much as what the landlord -“ Do not drice out in your carriage to-day." capital-say a cotton-spinner or a farmer and then would spend unprofitably. In so far as the proprietor “ This can have no allusion to our late accident," the money having paid wages to labourers, and chooses to spend a portion of the rent on improving said Bonaparte. “No one could foresee that I was to brought into existence clothing or food, after being his property, the expenditure is undoubtedly profit- play the part of coachman to-day, or that I should be replaced, yields a profit to the employer, and another able; but, in general, his agents and stewards will awkward enough to drive against a stone. Go, Duroe, to the lender, under the name of interest. The prin- look after these matters in his absence. In one case, and examine the chariot.”. cipal benefit done to society, in an economic point of indeed, the departure of a proprietor would occasion Duroc obeyed. Soon afterwards he returned very view, by the person who spends his fortune on gaieties, serious loss to his neighbourhood—the case where he pale, and took the First Consul aside. “Citizen-consul, is, that he gives support to human beings; but the employs his rent in farming, manufacturing, or some said he, “had you not struck the stone, and stopped number will not be so great as would have been sup- other profitable speculation, which cannot be con our drive, we had all been lost !" “ How so?" was ported by the money had it been used in the way of ducted in his absence. In this case the money he the reply. “There was in the carriage, concealed trade, because it will not be so economically managed, spends, instead of assisting in the support of a few behind the back-seat, a bomb-a real, massive bomb, and very few of the human beings will be producers ; isolated individuals, will, perhaps, after feeding a large charged with ragged pieces of iron, and with a slow the money spent in the general case not only not number of workmen, be giving its annual contribution, match attached to it-kindled! Things had been so affording profit, but not replacing itself. A small in the shape of profits, to the increase of the capital arranged, that, in a quarter of an hour, we should part may perhaps replace itself with profit. The of the country. It is seldom, however, that men of have been scattered among the trees of the park of wine merchant and the pastry-cook may invest the this description desert their pursuits unless they Saint-Cloud. There must be treachery close at hand. money they receive in their business, but the portion become unprofitable.
Fouché must be told of this-Dubois must be warned!" that takes this direction must be but a comparatively Again it may be necessary to remind the reader “ Not a word to them !” replied Bonaparte ; "the small one of the money dissipated abroad. Into the of the distinction that must be observed between the knowledge of one plot but engenders a second. Let moral operation of what is thus spent-the encourage- purely economic and the moral considerations which Josephine remain ignorant of the danger she has ment to idleness and dissipation, and the seduction apply to this subject. It must be on the latter that escaped. Hortense, Joseph, Cambaceres—tell none of from useful and steady pursuits to more pleasing and the extent to which unprofitable expenditure ought them ; and let the government journals say not a word precarious ones—it is not our purpose to erter. We to exist, must in a great mcasure depend. It is ditli- about my fall." may, however, remark, that the obligations which a cult to conceive a state of society in which all the The First Consul was then silent for some time. love of pleasure induces men to incur, are among the money spent replaces itself with a profit; and, indeed, “Duroc,” said he at length, “ you will come to-mormost likely to be beyond their power to fulfil; in other such an arrangement would seem to defeat the object row to mass in the chapel, and examine with attention words, that it is in dissipation that the greater por of the accuinulation of property, which is the increase tion of bad lebts are incurred. Were the advantages of the comforts and enjoyments of the community. occupy the fourth window in tlic gallery on the right;
a young girl whom shall point out to you. She will derived from the active expenditure of money, in this I In a well-regulated state, indced, the extent to which follow her home, or cause her to be followed, and bring
How such should be the case cannot be well explained, me intelligence of her name, her abode, and her cir- well kiss to the imperial eagle. At this instant a cumstances. It will be better to do this yourself ; I woman broke through the band that stood before but the fact is indisputable. The constitution is af would not have the police to interfere. Have you Napoleon. She was in the prime of woman's life; fected by vaccination in such a way, that those who taken care of the bomb, and removed it ?” “I have, not a girl, but yet young enough to retain unimpaired have undergone it, and really had cow-pox, never catch citizen-consul." “Come, then, let us again drive in that beauty for which she would at all times have the infection of small-pox. Besides, children enduring the park,” said Bonaparte. The drive was resumed, been remarkable among a crowd of beauties. Her cow-pox or vaccination, do not communicate any conbut, on this occasion, the coachman was allowed to features were full of anxiety and sadness, adding in- tagion to others. Such being the case, is it not wonfulfil his own duties.
terest even to her appearance at that moment. “ Sire! derful that mothers should persist in keeping their On the morrow, the eyes of more than one person sire!" said she, presenting a paper hurriedly; “read! children from being vaccinated ? We say distinctly to were turned to the window in the gallery. But the read !"
parents, if you do not have your children vaccinated, jealous Josephine sought in vain for the elegant figure The emperor took the paper presented to him, but you are clearly guilty of incurring the risk of killing of the young girl. She was not there. The impatient kept his eye upon the presenter. He seemed, it may them with small-pox, and perhaps endangering the First Consul, with his confidant Duroc, were greatly be, to feel at that instant the perfumed breeze in the lives of hundreds of unvaccinated persons aboué you. annoyed at her nonappearance, and small was the park of Saint-Cloud, or to hear the choristers chant- | Think a little on the disgracefulness of incurring such attention paid by them to the service that day. Their ing melodiously in the chapel, as he had heard them a serious charge as this. anxiety was fruitless. The girl was seen at mass no in other days. Josephine, Duroc, and all his friends, We shall now show what havoc small-pox has
came haply before him, and among them the face been lately committing in England, all through the The summers of Napoleon were chiefly spent at which he was wont to see at the fourth window in the prejudices of parents against vaccination, or from Ialmaison, the winters at St Cloud and the Tuileries. gallery. His eye was now on that countenance in pure negligence. From the valuable information reWinter had come on, and the First Consul had been reality, altered, yet the same. These illusory recol-cently obtained by the registration of the causes of holding court in the great apartments of the last of lections were of brief duration. Napoleon shook his death, it appears that in 1837, there were in England these palaces. It was the third of the month, which head, and held the paper up to his eye. After per only four diseases by which more people were killed the republicans well called nicose, and, in the evening, using its contents, he took it between his hands, and than by small-pox. The number of deaths registered Bonaparte entered his carriage to go to the opera, tore it to pieces, scattering the fragments in the air. as caused by small-pox, during the two years and a accompanied by his aide-de-camp Lauriston, and “Stop, sire !" cried the woman, “ follow the advice! half ended December 31, 1839, was 30,000, which Generals Lannes and Berthier. The vehicle was Be warned ; it is yet time !"
gives about 12,000 deaths annually in England and about to start, when a female, wrapt in a black mantle, “No,” replied he; and taking from his finger a Wales. It appears that the extremes of mortality at rushed out upon the Place Carrousel, made her way beautiful oriental ruby, a valuable souvenir of his the Small-Pox Hospital in London, amongst those into the middle of the guards about to accompany Egyptian campaigns, he held it out to the woman. She attacked by the disease, have been 15 per cent. and 42 Napoleon, and held forth a paper to the latter, crying, took it, kneeling and kissing the hand which pre- per cent. In some districts the mortality from small“Citizen-consul! citizen-consul! read—read! Bona- sented it. Turning his head, Napoleon then stepped pox is stated to be one in six of those attacked. But parte, with that smile which Bourrienne describes as so into the boat,
which waited to take him to the vessel
. if, according to other statements, the average mortairresistible
, saluted the petitioner, and stretched out his Not long afterwards, he was pining on the rock of St lity be taken at one in four, or 25 per cent. of those hand for the missive. “A petition, madam ?" said he Helena.
attacked, the number of persons attacked in England inquiringly ; and then continued, “Fear nothing ; I Thus, of three warnings, two were useless because and Wales must amount, on an average, to nearly shall peruse it, and see justice done." “ Citizen-con- neglected until the danger had occurred, and the third 50,000 persons ; thus, besides 12,000 killed, there are sul!” cried the woman, imploringly joining her hands. - which prognosticated the fate of Napoleon if once probably nearly 40,000, who, although they recover, What she would have further said was lost. The in the power of his adversaries—the third was re- have at least been subjected to a painful and loathcoachman, who, it was afterwards said, was intoxi-jected.
some disease, with all the disadvantages which attend cated, gave the lash to his horses, and they sprung off “But who was this woman, Duke of Otranto ?" and follow it. with the speed of lightning: The First Consul, throw- “Oh,” replied Fouché, “ I know not with certainty. It appears that the practice of inoculating with the ing into his hat the paper he had received, remarked The emperor, if he knew ultimately, seems to have small-pox has been long abandoned by the whole of to his companions, “ I could not well see her figure, kept the secret.”
the respectable part of the medical profession, on the but I think the poor woman is young."
All that is known respecting the matter is, that a grounds, first, as respects the individual inoculated, The carriage dashed rapidly along. It was just female, related to Saint Regent, one of the authors that it is much more dangerous than the cow-pox; issuing from the street of Saint Nicholas, when a of the explosion of the street Saint Nicholas, died at secondly, as respects others, that it makes the person frightful detonation was heard, mingling with and the hospital of Hotel-Dieu in 1837, and that around inoculated a source of contagion, thus multiplying the followed by the crash of broken windows, and the her neck was found suspended, by a silk riband, the chances of its spreading, and without absolutely procries of the injured passers-by. The infernal machine exquisite oriental ruby of Napoleon.
tecting the life of the one person inoculated, exposes had exploded! Uninjured, the carriage of the consul (This little story is abridged from a recent French to imminent risk the lives of others, who are the more and its inmates were whirled with undiminished feuilleton, by Maria Aycard, one of the most fertile entitled to protection as they have the less warning rapidity to the opera. Bonaparte entered his box authors of such nouvellettes now figuring in the to protect themselves. The practice of inoculation with serene brow and unruffled deportment. He Parisian world. There was so much of the marvel- with small-pox is mostly pursued by ignorant and saluted, as usual, the assembled spectators, to whom lous in Napoleon's whole career, that it would be hard unqualified persons, old women, and itinerant quacks. the news of the explosion came with all the speed to say when or where the anecdotes told respecting Excessive mortality from small-pox is frequently which rumour exercises upon such occasions. ` All him diverge into fiction. Certainly he was an object traceable to the proceedings of such persons. Inwere stunned and stupified ; Bonaparte only was per- of unbounded admiration, almost of idolatry, to thou- stances are authenticated of persons having caught fectly calm. He stood with crossed arms, listening sands of whom he himself knew nothing, yet who small-pox after vaccination, and having died, as there attentively to the oratorio of Haydn, which was would have preserved him from danger at the cost of are also instances of persons having small-pox a second executed on that evening. Suddenly, however, he their own lives.]
time and dying from it ; but instances even of the forremembered the paper put into his hands. He took
mer kind are extremely rare ; and allowing that the it out, and read these lines :-“ In the name of heaven,
sufferers had been properly vaccinated, a fact which is citizen-consul, do not go to the opera to-night, or, if
THE NEW VACCINATION ACT.
still more rarely proved, the proportion of such fatal you do go, pass not through the street Saint-Nicholas!". We do not know any species of discovery, invention, cases is so small as scarcely to affect the value of vacciThe warning came in some respects too late. On reading these words, the consul chanced to treated than vaccination. For half a century it has ventive of small-pox, the following evidence is given or improvement, which has been more unworthily nation as a measure of prevention.
With respect to the value of vaccination as a preraise his eyes. Exactly opposite to him, in a box on the third tier, sat the young girl of the chapel of had to struggle against the indolent prejudices enter in a report to the Poor-Law Commissioners :-* In the Saint-Cloud, who, with joined hands, seemed to utter tained by the bulk of society, and, notwithstanding its year 1827, the small-pox appeared in one of the largest prayers of gratitude for the escape which had taken marked power of preventing small-pox, and thereby institutions in Dublin, the average number of inmates place. Her head had no covering but her flowing arresting one of the greatest scourges of the human being between 2000 and 3000. The disease attacked wrapt in a dark mantle , which the consul" recognised race, it is still regarded by a pretty large section of 106 individuals, and was confined chiefly to the nur
in which were 141 children, together with their as identical with that worn by the woman who had de- / the community either with indifference or hostility. | mothers or nurses, many of the latter having been livered the paper to him at the carriage door. “Go," With
the hope that what we write may in some man- vaccinated during their infancy or childhood, and said Bonaparte quietly but quickly to Lannes ; "go
ner reach this numerous class, we beg to say a few they all escaped the small-pox, though placed under to the box exactly opposite to us, on the third tier. words for their special benefit.
circumstances most favourable for the reception of You will find a young girl in a black mantle. Bring In the first place, let us explain (for this is necessary the infection. Up to the 28th of March of the preher to the Tuileries ; I must see her, and without with many) what vaccination is. It is well known that sent year, thirty-eight cases of small-pox have ocdelay.”. Bonaparte spoke thus without raising his there is a disease called small-pox, peculiarly apt to curred, and notwithstanding the close and constant eyes, but, to make Lannes certain of the person, he affect children. It is a hideous disease, which, if it do intercourse which arises from the crowded state of the took the generals àrm, and said, pointing upwards, not kill the infants, leaves them much disfigured, and establishment, no instance of small-pox after vaccina“ See there-look !"
also, in some cases, deprived of sight. With the view tion was observed, excepting in one child, who was Bonaparte stopped suddenly. The girl was gone ; of modifying this dreadful disorder, it was formerly said to have been vaccinated two years ago in Liverno black mantle was to be seen. Annoyed at this customary to communicate it from one child to pool, but on whose arm there was no trace of cowbeyond measure, he hurriedly sent off Lannes to in- another by the insertion of a little matter, which is pox.". tercept her. It was in vain. The box-keeper had called inoculation. This, in some cases, has the de- It is important to note, that vaccination should be seen such an individual, but knew nothing about her. sired effect of giving the small-pox in a less violent carefully performed. If done carelessly, there is no Bonaparte applied to Fouché and Dubois ; but all the degree than if taken naturally; but disfigurement, and certainty of the right effect being produced. In all zeal of these functionaries failed in discovering her. even death, often ensue from the practice--thus show- cases, it should be performed by properly educated
Years ran on after the explosion of the infernal ing that it is no perfect safeguard—while the child and practising medical men--not by midwives, or machine, and the strange accompanying circumstances who is affected forms a source of contagion to the ordinary women, who cannot be expected to possess which tended to make the occurrence more remark- whole neighbourhood around. Let this be clearly the pure vaccinating matter. able in the eyes of Bonaparte. To the consulate suc- understood. We say, that a child who is smitten with In consequence of the great number of deaths anceeded the empire, and victory after victory marked small-pox by inoculation is as capable of communi- nually occurring from inoculation with small-pox, an the career of the great Corsican. At length the hour cating the disease in a natural form as if the child had act of parliament has lately been passed,* and which of change came. Allied Europe poured its troops taken the disease naturally itself. Hence the parents has already come into operation throughout Eng. into France, and compelled the emperor to lay down who allow their child to be inoculated, endanger the land, Wales, and Ireland, having for its object the the sceptre which had been so long shaken in terror lives of old and young in the same house, and probably extension of the practice of vaccination, and the entire over half the civilised earth. The isle of Elba became in the adjacent dwellings, or all who visit them. prohibition of the inoculation of children with small. for a day the most remarkable spot on the globe ; What, then, is to be done to prevent these calamities ? pox, by constituting the latter a misdemeanour, punishand, finally, the resuscitated empire fell to pieces anew We shall explain. There is a process called caccina- able with one month's imprisonment. In adopting on the field of Waterloo.
tion, which consists in inserting a small portion of this course, the legislature has followed the example Bonaparte was about to quit France. The mo- matter taken from pustules which rise on the udder of several of the continental states. ment had come for him to set foot in the bark of a cow; the insertion in the arm of the infant being We conceive that we shall be performing an acceptwhich was to convey him to the English vessel. done in the same manner as inoculation. This mat- able service to our readers, and promoting, in some Friends, who had followed the fallen chief to the ter raises a pustule at the spot where it is inserted, degree, the benevolent intention of the legislature, by very last, were standing by to give him a final and this is called having the cow-pox. Where the giving increased circulation to the provisions of the adieu. He waved his hand to those around, and a vaccination has been properly performed, the child is smile was on the lip which had lately given the fare- ' at once relieved from all liability to take the small-pox.
* The 3d and 4th Vict. cap. 29.
act, and the measures which are to be immediately many things placed upon the ground or suspended gentleman's parks, in every minute alighting to open taken to carry out the execution of those provisions. from the walls. Immediately opposite the door stood the gates. By a peculiar mechanism, this gate is no
This act is entitled “ An Act to extend the Practice a large model of Glasgow Cathedral, by Mr G. M. sooner approached by a carriage, from either side, of Vaccination, and enacts
Kemp, the self-taught Gothic architect, whom we than it flies open, the leaves receding from the side 1. That from and after the passing of this act, it formerly introduced to our readers as the successful on which it is approached. The carriage, again, is no shall be lawful for the guardians of every parish or competitor for the furnishing of a plan for the Scott sooner through, than the leaves fall together, and are union, and for the overseers of every parish in which Monument in Edinburgh. This model is executed fastened by a central catch,“ which remains down out relief to the poor shall not be administered by guard with the greatest neatness and accuracy, on a scale of of the way of the horses' feet, and rises in time to ians, in England and Wales ; and they are thereby four inches to ten feet, and it comprehends the resto- secure the gate.” Of the mechanism for causing the directed to contract with the medical officers of their rations or re-edifications proposed upon the existing gate to open, we see nothing besides two plates of iron several unions or parishes respectively, or with any building by Mr Kemp. Glasgow, it occurred to us, on the wheel track, resembling those connected with legally qualified medical practitioner or practitioners, ought to possess this very interesting model. Near weighing machines for carts, and which are made to for the vaccination of all persons resident in such by, in a corner, we found a model of a different but operate upon the central catch and the hinges of the unions or parishes respectively: provided always, that not less interesting kind—the subject represented being gate by means of the weight of the carriage when it it shall be a condition of every such contract, that the the district of the Western Pyrenees, and the object passes over them. Thus it would appear that a caramount of the remuneration to be received under the being to illustrate the campaign of 1813. This is done riage might pass through a series of gates without one same shall depend on the number of persons, who, in papier machée, by Major Sir T. L. Mitchell. Every moment's interruption, every one flying open, like not having been previously successfully vaccinated, hill
, every path winding over and amongst them-every those encountered by John Gilpin, at the approach of shall be successfully vaccinated by such medical offi- town, village, and castle, every river and every stream- the vehicle, and as readily closing behind it when it cers or practitioners respectively so contracting. let-is here clearly, and, we should presume, accurately has passed.
2. That in making such arrangements as may be represented. We have been informed that this model Again we pass on through a crowd of ingenious required for the execution of this act, such guardians was exhibited last winter in London, when the Duke of machines, many of them of recent invention-as, a and overseers, and all other officers engaged in the Wellington visited it, studied it for several hours, and patent self-acting mill for spinning wool, by Mr Smith administration of the laws for the relief of the poor, went away declaring his complete satisfaction with it. of Deanston, a pneumatic grate, models of steamshall conform to the regulations which may from
time In such an assemblage of objects, the oddest asso- engines of various kinds, dissected models of chemical to time be issued by the Poor-Law Commissioners in ciations sometimes occur. Very near to this beautiful manufactories, by Mr Griffin of Glasgow, and many that behalf, which regulations the said commissioners high-relief map, as it might be called, lay, upon the others, tho enumeration of which would convey few are thereby authorised and required to make and issue. same table, a patent gridiron frying-pan, made by a Mr definite ideas to the mind-until we are arrested by
3. Medical officers to report from time to time the Rettie, a brassfounder, a most ingenious piece of appa- what may be called a curiosity, in the shape of certain number of persons vaccinated to the guardians or ratus certainly. The design evidently is to broil steaks hanks of cotton yarn, spun at New Lanark between overseers.
or chops, and at the same time save the greater part the years 1790 and 1800, the early days of cottonSections 4, 5, 6, and 7, refer to the arrangements of of the juice and fat, which, when ordinary gridirons spinning in Scotland. They are labelled with their the medical officers in the various districts.
are used, falls, as all the world knows and laments, prices, which range from 5s. to 6s. 4d., while beside 8. It is enacted, That any person who shall, from into the fire. To effect this end, Mr Rettie’s gridiron them lie specimens from the same mill done in 1840, and after the passing of this act, produce, or attempt is made primarily as a frying-pan, but with a pretty and the prices of which are from 10d. to 1s., thus to produce, in any person, by inoculation with vario- high convexity in the centre, and this convexity is showing the great cheapening which has been effected lous matter, or by wilful exposure to variolous matter, composed of bars in radiating fashion, each having a in cotton goods through the improvement of machinery or to any matter, article, or thing impregnated with channel running down the middle of it, all of these and the general advance of the trade. Again, a crowd variolous matter, or wilfully, by any other means channels meeting in one larger channel, forming the of indescribable engines, including one which we underwhatsoever, produce the disease of small-pox in any rim of the vessel. Thus, steaks put upon the convexity stand to be of considerable importance, a self-acting person in England, Wales, or Ireland, shall be liable receive the fire through the bars ; the juice runs down feeding machine—that is, a machine in which the rolls to be proceeded against and convicted summarily be the channels in the bars, and collects in the hollow rim; of wool are made to supply themselves to the machine fore any two or more justices of the peace in petty ses- and, while the process is essentially a broil, the results in which they are spun, the invention of Mr H. Brown, sions assembled, and for every such offence shall, upon also involve the benefits of a fry. Dr Kitchener would woollen manufacturer, Selkirk ; also a patent self-actconviction, be imprisoned in the common jail or house have beheld Mr Rettie's contrivance with transport. ing reel," which stops when the thread breaks or bobof correction, for any term not exceeding one month. But a truce with whim—an object is before us which bin empties, or when a given quantity is reeled, with
The Poor-Law Commissioners, under whose direc- calls for something not much short of awe. We be- out straining the thread," the invention of Mr William tion this act is generally to be carried into effect, hold the identical model steam-engine with which Nairne, flax-spinner, Perth-engines these which alhave, as a preparatory step, issued a circular letter to James Watt experimented in his youth, within the most give human intelligence to inanimate matter, the boards of poor-law guardians in England, calling walls of Glasgow College ; also, suspended over it, the and renew, but for a good instead of a vain end, the their attention to the several provisions of the act, original portrait of the venerable mechanician, by offence of Prometheus. We have now passed up one with a view to the understanding of their object, and Partridge. The model is a frame about three feet side of the room and are coming down the other; and the steps to be taken for its accomplishment high, two broad, and one in thickness, comprehending here we have presented to us, hanging like great and
The act of parliament does not extend to Scotland, a furnace scarcely large enough to boil an old woman's gorgeous palls upon the walls, specimens of carpets, of none of the Scottish members of the legislature, as we tea-kettle ; over that, a small barrel-shaped boiler of the kind bearing the name of Axminster, manufachave been told, having thought proper to desire that it copper, supplying a cylinder about the size of a half tured in Glasgow. This kind of carpets, it is geneshould do so, although precisely the same evils require pint measure; from this rises the stalk of a piston, rally known, are distinguished as being made all in to be remedied in the one country as in the other. attached at the top to the extremity of a beam like a one piece, with a very deep pile on one side, the other
balance, the other end of which works upon a minia- side being, like the back of a picture, not designed for EXHIBITION OF MODELS
ture pump below. Between the pump and the boiler show. For some time they have been made in other
lies a small trough, into which the water, when places besides Axminster, for example, at Lasswade, AND MANUFACTURES AT GLASGOW.
pumped, was discharged. Altogether, the apparatus near Edinburgh, in the factory of Messrs Whytock; An exhibition of Models and Manufactures was pre- strikes one as simple and homely, and has something but, in these instances, the pile is formed by a range pared, in connexion with the British Association, in affecting in it from that very cause. The portrait is of boys, who insert it thread by thread, each attendthe Monteith Rooms in Buchanan Street. This is a for the first time of the philosopher having possessed to our surprise that in Glasgow this process has been
a bust, very lively and beautiful; it made us aware ing to his own little portion of the pattern. We find kind of exhibition of which, as far as we are aware, a pair of uncommonly fine blue eyes, adding greatly transferred from human labour to machinery, these the Adelaide Gallery in London afforded the first ex- to the mildness of his aspect. It may be added, that specimens being described as "woven entirely in the ample. There was one in Edinburgh last winter, of the model belongs to the College of Glasgow, and the loom,” by the patentees, Messrs James Templeton and which an account appeared in the present work. An- portrait to John Smith, Esq. of Crutherland. Close Company. Richer stuffs Luxury could not wish to set other and flourishing one was open to the public at beside these objects, we found another of great inte- his proud foot upon.
rest, as connected with the history of steam power, The first room being now surveyed, we ascend to Newcastle in spring, and about the same time there namely, the actual engine employed by Henry Bell the second, at the door of which we find an unexpected was one of immense extent and variety of objects, in in his first vessel-the first working steam-vessel, as sentinel, in the shape of a stuffed and glass-cased connexion with the Mechanics’ Institution of Liver- is well known, out of America. This vessel, named the specimen of the Alpaca, a hitherto little-known expool. The results of the one last mentioned were such Comet, began to ply upon the Clyde in 1812 ; and ample of the sheep tribe inhabiting the higher regions as to show how well calculated such exhibitions are, station, it was wrecked about 1819 in the Doors of pony, with a long neck and long erect ears. Unlike
afterwards, being transferred to the West Highland of Peru. The alpaca is as large as a tolerable Shetland in the present day, to attract public attention. Dur- Dorrismore. Many years after, Messrs Girdwood and its congener the lama, it has long silky wool, of a per, ing the six weeks it was open, it drew (at a shilling Company, machine-makers in Glasgow, desiring to fectly black hue, and containing no grease, the animal a-head of admission-money) upwards of three thou have the engine as a curiosity, caused it to be raised not being a perspiring one. Some peculiar interest sand four hundred pounds, of which all, except a few from the wreck and erected in their works, at an ex- attaches to the creature at the present moment, as a hundreds for expenses, went to the funds of the insti- Craig and Company, Tradeston (a suburb of Glasgow). place for manufacturing purposes, and it has even been
pense of L.120. It now belongs, we believe, to Messrs considerable importation of its wool has lately taken tution. A confectionery table, opened in it for the The cylinder is surprisingly small, not above a foot in proposed to introduce the live animal to our pastures. refreshment of the visiters, drew above four hundred diameter; and the whole works, like Mr Watt's model, Some specimens of cloth made from the wool are pounds, and from the half of its profits afforded a little are of rude construction. To see these two objects so shown upon a neighbouring table, and seem to justify dowry to the shop-girl who kept it. The show held near each other struck the mind forcibly. If there the saying of the manufacturer, that alpaca wool rather forth in Glasgow was not of such vast extent, but a experimental vessel which Mr Miller set a-going on have our doubts as to the naturalisation of the animal.
had also been present the small engine used in the interferes with the silk than the wool trade. But we very good exhibition nevertheless. After doing service Dalswinton lake in 1788 (not long ago placed by Mr The high climates of Peru are certainly as cold as our during the week of the association, it was opened to Miller's son in the British Museum), it would have Highlands, but one of the elements of our condition is the public at a small rate, and was well attended. been one of the most remarkable groups of objects wanting there, namely, the humidity. Our rains have
In the entrance hall, we observed some models by which the world could produce. It is to be lamented been found to rot the feet of foreign sheep, to which the the ingenious Mr Thom of Rothesay, the engineer of wish to see the Watt model or the Bell engine sent Sir John Sinclair getting home a flock of some such
that they are separate ; but certainly we could not cold alone would have done no harm. We remember the extraordinary water-works at Greenock. Amongst out of Glasgow, even to be united with Mr Miller's creatures, and sending them out to winter on the them was one of a self-acting filter, which was stated engine in the British Museum. There is an additional Pentland' hills, with greatcoats on their backs. He to have been established at the Paisley water-works interest in seeing such objects on the same ground quite forgot to supply them with shoes and leggins two years since, and to have completely accomplished which their authors trod in life, where they encoun- also, and hence, if we recollect rightly, they were all its object. In the same hall was suspended a loco admirable designs.
tered all their difficulties, and finally made good their dead mutton before the end of the season. motive carriage-wheel, of wrought iron, “ forged at a
Immediately within the door of this second room,
Pass we on amongst objects of various kinds—a there is a water tank, designed to exhibit in an approblow.” Touched with a hammer, this large mass model of a drain-tile work, a model of Chester Bridge, priate manner models of steam and sailing vessels, sounded like a bell
, thereby denoting its perfect sound a printing roller engraved by galvanism, and many including a peculiarly interesting set of models, “conness. The catalogue states it to have been “ from Mr others- until we come to one which arrested our at- structed by a committee of the British Association Jeremiah Grime, Lancashire."
tention for a little while, namely, the model of a self-appointed for ascertaining the best forms of vessels." On entering the lower room, we found five tables, architect in Dundee, for saving all the trouble which of cutlery and other instruments, including “ a six
acting gate. This is an invention by a Mr Paterson, We pass this, and come to a table presenting a variety covered with various objects ; besides which there were is encountered, while driving in a carriage through a l barrelled self-acting revolving pistol;" a huge razor,