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How such should be the case cannot be well explained, me intelligence of her name, her abode, and her cir- well kiss to the imperial eagle. At this instant a cumstances. It will be better to do this yourself ; I woman broke through the band that stood before but the fact is indisputable. The constitution is af would not have the police to interfere. Have you Napoleon. She was in the prime of woman's life ; fected by vaccination in such a way, that those who taken care of the bomb, and removed it?" "I have, not a girl, but yet young enough to retain unimpaired have undergone it, and really had cow-pox, never catch citizen-consul.” “Come, then, let us again drive in that beauty for which she would at all times have the infection of small-pox. Besides, children enduring the park," said Bonaparte. The drive was resumed, been remarkable among a crowd of beauties. Her cow-pox or vaccination, do not communicate any conbut, on this occasion, the coachman was allowed to features were full of anxiety and sadness, adding in- tagion to others. Such being the case, is it not wonfulfil his own duties.

terest even to her appearance at that moment. “ Sire! derful that mothers should persist in keeping their On the morrow, the eyes of more than one person sire !" said she, presenting a paper hurriedly; "read! children from being vaccinated ? We say distinctly to were turned to the window in the gallery. But the read!”

parents, if you do not have your children vaccinated, jealous Josephine sought in vain for the elegant figure The emperor took the paper presented to him, but you are clearly guilty of incurring the risk of killing of the young girl. She was not there. The impatient kept his eye upon the presenter. He seemed, it may them with small-pox, and perhaps endangering the First Consul, with his confidant Duroc, were greatly be, to feel at that instant the perfumed breeze in the lives of hundreds of unvaccinated persons about you. annoyed at her nonappearance, and small was the park of Saint-Cloud, or to hear the choristers chant- Think a little on the disgracefulness of incurring such attention paid by them to the service that day. Their ing melodiously in the chapel, as he had heard them a serious charge as this. anxiety was fruitless. The girl was seen at mass no in other days. Josephine, Duroc, and all his friends, We shall now show what havoc small-pox has

came haply before him, and among them the face been lately committing in England, all through the The summers of Napoleon were chiefly spent at which he was wont to see at the fourth window in the prejudices of parents against vaccination, or from Malmaison, the winters at St Cloud and the Tuileries. gallery. His eye was now on that countenance in pure negligence. From the valuable information reWinter had come on, and the First Consul had been reality, altered, yet the same. These illusory recol-cently obtained by the registration of the causes of holding court in the great apartments of the last of lections were of brief duration. Napoleon shook his death, it appears that in 1837, there were in England these palaces. It was the third of the month, which head, and held the paper up to his eye. After per only four diseases by which more people were killed the republicans well called nicose, and, in the evening, using its contents, he took it between his hands, and than by small-pox. The number of deaths registered Bonaparte entered his carriage to go to the opera, tore it to pieces, scattering the fragments in the air. as caused by small-pox, during the two years and a accompanied by his aide-de-camp Lauriston, and “Stop, sire !" cried the woman, follow the advice! half ended December 31, 1839, was 30,000, which Generals Lannes and Berthier. The vehicle was Be warned ; it is yet time !"

gives about 12,000 deaths annually in England and about to start, when a female, wrapt in a black mantle, "No," replied he; and taking from his finger a Wales. It appears that the extremes of mortality at rushed out upon the Place Carrousel, made her way beautiful oriental ruby, a valuable souvenir of his the Small-Pox Hospital in London, amongst those into the middle of the guards about to accompany Egyptian campaigns, he held it out to the woman. She attacked by the disease, have been 15 per cent. and 42 Napoleon, and held forth a paper to the latter, crying, took it, kneeling and kissing the hand which pre- per cent. In some districts the mortality from small“Citizen-consul! citizen-consul! read—read!" Bona- sented it. Turning his head, Napoleon then stepped pox is stated to be one in six of those attacked. But parte, with that smile which Bourrienne describes as so into the boat, which waited to take him to the vessel. if, according to other statements, the average mortairresistible, saluted the petitioner, and stretched out his Not long afterwards, he was pining on the rock of St lity be taken at one in four, or 25 per cent of those hand for the missive. “A petition, madam ?" said he Helena.

attacked, the number of persons attacked in England inquiringly ; and then continued, "Fear nothing ; I Thus, of three warnings, two were useless because and Wales must amount, on an average, to nearly shall peruse it, and see justice done." “ Citizen-con- neglected until the danger had occurred, and the third 50,000 persons ; thus, besides 12,000 killed, there are sul!” cried the woman, imploringly joining her hands. - which prognosticated the fate of Napoleon if once probably nearly 40,000, who, although they recover, What she would have further said was lost. The in the power of his adversaries--the third was re- have at least been subjected to a painful and loathcoachman, who, it was afterwards said, was intoxi- jected.

some disease, with all the disadvantages which attend cated, gave the lash to his horses,

and they sprung off “But who was this woman, Duke of Otranto ?” and follow it. with the speed of lightning: The First Consul, throw- “Oh,” replied Fouché, “ I know not with certainty. It appears that the practice of inoculating with the ing into his hat the paper he had received, remarked The emperor, if he knew ultimately, seems to have small-pox has been long abandoned by the whole of to his companions, " I could not well see her figure, kept the secret.”

the respectable part of the medical profession, on the but I think the poor woman is young."

All that is known respecting the matter is, that a grounds, first, as respects the individual inoculated, The carriage dashed rapidly along. It was just female, related to Saint Regent, one of the authors that it is much more dangerous than the cow-pox; issuing from the street of Saint Nicholas, when a of the explosion of the street Saint Nicholas, died at secondly, as respects others, that it makes the person frightful detonation was heard, mingling with and the hospital of Hotel-Dieu in 1837, and that around inoculated a source of contagion, thus multiplying the followed by the crash of broken windows, and the her neck was found suspended, by a silk riband, the chances of its spreading, and without absolutely procries of the injured passers-by. The infernal machine exquisite oriental ruby of Napoleon.

tecting the life of the one person inoculated, exposes had exploded ! Uninjured, the carriage of the consul [This little story is abridged froin a recent French to imminent risk the lives of others, who are the more and its inmates were whirled with undiminished feuilleton, by Maria Aycard, one of the most fertile entitled to protection as they have the less warning rapidity to the opera. Bonaparte entered his box authors of such nouvellettes now figuring in the to protect themselves. The practice of inoculation with serene brow and unruffled deportment. He Parisian world. There was so much of the marvel- with small-pox is mostly pursued by ignorant and saluted, as usual, the assembled spectators, to whom lous in Napoleon's whole career, that it would be hard unqualified persons, old women, and itinerant quacks. the news of the explosion came with all the speed to say when or where the anecdotes told respecting Excessive mortality from small-pox is frequently which rumour exercises upon such occasions. All him diverge into fiction. Certainly he was an object traceable to the proceedings of such persons. Inwere stunned and stupified ; Bonaparte only was per- of unbounded admiration, almost of idolatry, to thou- stances are authenticated of persons having caught fectly calm. He stood with crossed arms, listening sands of whom he himself knew nothing, yet who small-pox after vaccination, and having died, as there attentively to the oratorio of Haydn, which was would have preserved him from danger at the cost of are also instances of persons having small-pox a second executed on that evening. Suddenly, however, he their own lives.]

time and dying from it ; but instances even of the forremembered the paper put into his hands. He took

mer kind are extremely rare ; and allowing that the it out, and read these lines :-“ In the name of heaven,

sufferers had been properly vaccinated, a fact which is citizen-consul, do not go to the opera to-night, or, if


still more rarely proved, the proportion of such fatal you do go, pass not through the street Saint-Nicholas !". We do not know any species of discovery, invention, cases is so small as scarcely to affect the value of vacciThe warning came in some respects too late. On reading these words, the consul chanced to treated than vaccination. For half a century it has ventive of small-pox, the following evidence is given or improvement, which has been more unworthily nation as a measure of prevention.

With respect to the value of vaccination as a preraise his eyes. Exactly opposite to him, in a box on the third tier, sat the young girl of the chapel of had to struggle against the indolent prejudices enter- in a report to the Poor-Law Commissioners :-" In the Saint-Cloud, who, with joined hands, seemed to utter tained by the bulk of society, and, notwithstanding its year 1827, the small-pox appeared in one of the largest prayers of gratitude for the escape which had taken marked power of preventing small-pox, and thereby institutions in Dublin, the average number of inmates place. Her head had no covering but her flowing arresting one of the greatest scourges of the human being between 2000 and 3000. The disease attacked wrapt in a dark mantle, which the consul recognised race, it is still regarded by a pretty large section of 106 individuals, and was contined chiefly to the nur

in which were 141 children, together with their as identical with that worn by the woman who had de- / the community either with indifference or hostility. | mothers or nurses, many of the latter having been livered the paper to him at the carriage door. "Go," With

the hope that what we write may in some man- vaccinated during their infancy or childhood, and said Bonaparte quietly but quickly to Lannes ; “go

ner reach this numerous class, we beg to say a few they all escaped the small-pox, though placed under to the box exactly opposite to us, on the third tier. words for their special benefit.

circumstances most favourable for the reception of You will find a young girl in a black mantle. Bring In the first place, let us explain (for this is necessary the infection. Up to the 28th of March of the preher to the Tuileries ; I must see her, and without with many) what vaccination is. It is well known that sent year, thirty-eight cases of small-pox have ocdelay.” Bonaparte spoke thus without raising his there is a disease called small-pox, peculiarly apt to curred, and notwithstanding the close and constant eyes, but, to make Lannes certain of the person, he affect children. It is a hideous disease, which, if it do intercourse which arises from the crowded state of the took the general's arm, and said, pointing upwards, not kill the infants, leaves them much disfigured, and establishment, no instance of small-pox after raccina“ See there-look !"

also, in some cases, deprived of sight. With the view tion was observed, excepting in one child, who was Bonaparte stopped suddenly. The girl was gone ; of modifying this dreadful disorder, it was formerly said to have been vaccinated two years ago in Liverno black mantle was to be seen. Annoyed at this customary to communicate it from one child to pool, but on whose arm there was no trace of cowbeyond measure, he hurriedly sent off Lannes to in- another by the insertion of a little matter, which is pox." tercept her. It was in vain. The box-keeper had called inoculation. This, in some cases, has the de- It is important to note, that vaccination should be seen such an individual, but knew nothing about her. sired effect of giving the small-pox in a less violent carefully performed. If done carelessly, there is no Bonaparte applied to Fouché and Dubois ; but all the degree than if taken naturally; but disfigurement, and certainty of the right effect being produced. In all zeal of these functionaries failed in discovering her. even death, often ensue from the practice-thus show- cases, it should be performed by properly educated

Years ran on after the explosion of the infernal ing that it is no perfect safeguard—while the child and practising medical men-not by midwives, or machine, and the strange accompanying circumstances who is affected forms a source of contagion to the ordinary women, who cannot be expected to possess which tended to make the occurrence more remark- whole neighbourhood around. Let this be clearly the pure vaccinating matter. able in the eyes of Bonaparte. To the consulate suc- understood. We say, that a child who is smitten with In consequence of the great number of deaths anceeded the empire, and victory after victory marked small-pox by inoculation is as capable of communi- nually occurring from inoculation with small-pox, an the career of the great Corsican. At length the hour cating the disease in a natural form as if the child had act of parliament has lately been passed,* and which of change came. Allied Europe poured its troops taken the disease naturally itself. Hence the parents has already come into operation throughout Eng. into France, and compelled the emperor to lay down who allow their child to be inoculated, endanger the land, Wales, and Ireland, having for its object the the sceptre which had been so long shaken in terror lives of old and young in the same house, and probably extension of the practice of vaccination, and the entire over half the civilised earth. The isle of Elba became in the adjacent dwellings, or all who visit them. prohibition of the inoculation of children with small. for a day the most remarkable spot on the globe ; What, then, is to be done to prevent these calamities ? pox, by constituting the latter a misdemeanour, punishand, finally, the resuscitated empire fell to pieces anew We shall explain. There is a process called caccina- able with one month's imprisonment. In adopting on the field of Waterloo.

tion, which consists in inserting a small portion of this course, the legislature has followed the example Bonaparte was about to quit France. The mo- matter taken from pustules which rise on the udder of several of the continental states. ment had come for him to set foot in the bark of a cow ; the insertion in the arm of the infant being We conceive that we shall be performing an acceptwhich was to convey him to the English vessel. done in the same manner as inoculation. This mat- able service to our readers, and promoting, in some Friends, who had followed the fallen chief to the ter raises a pustule at the spot where it is inserted, degree, the benevolent intention of the legislature, by very last, were standing by to give him a final and this is called having the cow-pox. Where the giving increased circulation to the provisions of the adieu. He waved his hand to those around, and a vaccination has been properly performed, the child is smile was on the lip which had lately given the fare- ' at once relieved from all liability to take the small-pox.

* The 31 and 4th Vict. cap. 29.

act, and the measures which are to be immediately many things placed upon the ground or suspended gentleman's parks, in every minute alighting to open taken to carry out the execution of those provisions. from the walls. Immediately opposite the door stood the gates. By a peculiar mechanism, this gate is no

This act is entitled “ An Act to extend the Practice a large model of Glasgow Cathedral, by Mr G. M. sooner approached by a carriage, from either side, of Vaccination,” and enacts

Kemp, the self-taught Gothic architect, whom we than it Hies open, the leaves receding from the side 1. That from and after the passing of this act, it formerly introduced to our readers as the successful on which it is approached. The carriage, again, is no shall be lawful for the guardians of every parish or competitor for the furnishing of a plan for the Scott sooner through, than the leaves fall together, and are union, and for the overseers of every parish in which Monument in Edinburgh. This model is executed fastened by a central catch, “ which remains down out relief to the poor shall not be administered by guard with the greatest neatness and accuracy, on a scale of of the way of the horses' feet, and rises in time to ians, in England and Wales ; and they are thereby four inches to ten feet, and it comprehends the resto- secure the gate.” Of the mechanism for causing the directed to contract with the medical officers of their rations or re-edifications proposed upon the existing gate to open, we see nothing besides two plates of iron several unions or parishes respectively, or with any building by Mr Kemp. Glasgow, it occurred to us, on the wheel track, resembling those connected with legally qualified medical practitioner or practitioners, ought to possess this very interesting model. Near weighing-machines for carts, and which are made to for the vaccination of all persons resident in such by, in a corner, we found a model of a different but operate upon the central catch and the hinges of the unions or parishes respectively: provided always, that not less interesting kind-the subject represented being gate by means of the weight of the carriage when it it shall be a condition of every such contract, that the the district of the Western Pyrenees, and the object passes over them. Thus it would appear that a caramount of the remuneration to be received under the being to illustrate the campaign of 1813. This is done riage might pass through a series of gates without one same shall depend on the number of persons, who, in papier machée, by Major Sir T. L. Mitchell. Every moment's interruption, every one Aying open, like not having been previously successfully raccinated, hill

, every path winding over and amongst them-every those encountered by John Gilpin, at the approach of sha!l be successfully vaccinated by such medical offi- town, village, and castle, every river and every stream- the vehicle, and as readily closing behind it when it cers or practitioners respectively so contracting. let—is here clearly, and, we should presume, accurately has passed.

2. That in making such arrangements as may be represented. We have been informed that this model Again we pass on through a crowd of ingenious required for the execution of this act, such guardians was exhibited last winter in London, when the Duke of machines, many of them of recent invention-as, a and overseers, and all other officers engaged in the Wellington visited it, studied it for several hours, and patent self-acting mill for spinning wool, by Mr Smith administration of the laws for the relief of the poor, went away declaring his complete satisfaction with it. of Deanston, a pneumatic grate, models of steamshall conform to the regulations which may from

time In such an assemblage of objects, the oddest asso- engines of various kinds, dissected models of chemical to time be issued by the Poor-Law Commissioners in ciations sometimes occur. Very near to this beautiful manufactories, by Mr Griffin of Glasgow, and many that behalf, which regulations the said commissioners high-relief map, as it might be called, lay, upon the others, the enumeration of which would convey few are thereby authorised and required to make and issue. same table, a patent gridiron frying-pan, made by a Mr definite ideas to the mind-until we are arrested by

3. Medical officers to report from time to time the Rettie, a brassfounder, a most ingenious piece of appa- what may be called a curiosity, in the shape of certain number of persons vaccinated to the guardians or ratus certainly. The design evidently is to broil steaks hanks of cotton yarn, spun at New Lanark between overseers.

or chops, and at the same time save the greater part the years 1790 and 1800, the early days of cottonSections 4, 5, 6, and 7, refer to the arrangements of of the juice and fat, which, when ordinary gridirons spinning in Scotland. They are labelled with their the medical officers in the various districts.

are used, falls, as all the world knows and laments, prices, which range from 5s. to 6s. 4d., while beside 8. It is enacted, That any person who shall, from into the fire. To effect this end, Mr Rettie's gridiron them lie specimens from the same mill done in 1840, and after the passing of this act, produce, or attempt is made primarily as a frying-pan, but with a pretty and the prices of which are from 10d. to 1s., thus to produce, in any person, by inoculation with vario- high convexity in the centre, and this convexity is showing the great cheapening which has been effected lous matter, or by wilful exposure to variolous matter, composed of bars in radiating fashion, each having a in cotton goods through the improvement of machinery or to any matter, article, or thing impregnated with channel running down the middle of it, all of tliese and the general advance of the trade. Again, a crowd variolous matter, or wilfully, by any other means channels meeting in one larger channel, forming the of indescribable engines, including one which we underwhatsoever, produce the disease of small-pox in any rim of the vessel. Thus, steaks put upon the convexity stand to be of considerable importance, a self-acting person in England, Wales, or Ireland, shall be liable receive the fire through the bars ; the juice runs down feeding machine—that is, a machine in which the rolls to be proceeded against and convicted summarily be the channels in the bars, and collects in the hollow rim; of wool are made to supply themselves to the machine fore any two or more justices of the peace in petty ses- and, while the process is essentially a broil, the results in which they are spun, the invention of Mr H. Brown, sions assembled, and for every such offence shall, upon also involve the benefits of a fry. Dr Kitchener would woollen manufacturer, Selkirk ; also a patent self-actconviction, be imprisoned in the common jail or house have beheld Mr Rettie's contrivance with transport. ing reel," which stops when the thread breaks or bobof correction, for any term not exceeding one month. But a truce with whim—an object is before us which bin empties, or when a given quantity is reeled, with

The Poor-Law Commissioners, under whose direc- calls for something not much short of awe. We be-out straining the thread," the invention of Mr William tion this act is generally to be carried into effect, hold the identical model steam-engine with which Nairne, flax-spinner, Perth-engines these which alhave, as a preparatory step, issued a circular letter to James Watt experimented in his youth, within the most give human intelligence to inanimate matter, the boards of poor-law guardians in England, calling walls of Glasgow College ; also, suspended over it, the and renew, but for a good instead of a vain end, the tkeir attention to the several provisions of the act, original portrait of the venerable mechanician, by offence of Prometheus. We have now passed up one with a view to the understanding of their object, and Partridge. The model is a frame about three feet side of the room and are coming down the other; and the steps to be taken for its accomplishment. high, two broad, and one in thickness, comprehending here we have presented to us, hanging like great and The act of parliament does not extend to Scotland, a furnace scarcely large enough to boil an old woman's gorgeous palls

upon the walls, specimens of carpets, of none of the Scottish members of the legislature, as we tea-kettle ; over that, a small barrel-shaped boiler of the kind bearing the name of Axminster, manufachave been told, having thought proper to desire that it copper, supplying a cylinder about the size of a half tured in Glasgow. This kind of carpets, it is geneshould do so, although precisely the same evils require pint measure ; from this rises the stalk of a piston, rally known, are distinguished as being made all in to be remedied in the one country as in the other.

attached at the top to the extremity of a beam like a one piece, with a very deep pile on one side, the other

balance, the other end of which works upon a minia- side being, like the back of a picture, not designed for EXHIBITION OF MODELS

ture pump below. Between the pump and the boiler show. For some time they have been made in other AND MANUFACTURES AT GLASGOW.

lies a small trough, into which the water, when places besides Axminster, for example, at Lasswade,

pumped, was discharged. Altogether, the apparatus near Edinburgh, in the factory of Messrs Whytock ; An exhibition of Models and Manufactures was pre-strikes one as simple and homely, and has something but in these instances, the pile is formed by a range pared, in connexion with the British Association, in affecting in it from that very cause. The portrait is of boys, who insert it thread by thread, each attendthe Monteith Rooms in Buchanan Street. This is a for the first time of the philosopher having possessed to our surprise that in Glasgow this process has been

a bust, very lively and beautiful ; it made us aware ing to his own little portion of the pattern. We find kind of exhibition of which, as far as we are aware, a pair of uncommonly fine blue eyes, adding greatly transferred from human labour to machinery, these the Adelaide Gallery in London afforded the first ex- to the mildness of his aspect. It may be added, that specimens being described as “woven entirely in the ample. There was one in Edinburgh last winter, of the

model belongs to the College of Glasgow, and the loom,” by the patentees, Messrs James Templeton and which an account appeared in the present work. An- portrait to John Smith, Esq. of Crutherland. Close Company. Richer

stuffs Luxury could not wish to set other and flourishing one was open to the public at rest, as connected with the history of steam power; beside these objects, we found another of great inte- his proud foot upon.

The first room being now surveyed, we ascend to Newcastle in spring, and about the same time there namely, the actual engine employed by Henry Bell the second, at the door of which we find an unexpected was one of immense extent and variety of objects, in in his first vessel--the first working steam-vessel, as sentinel, in the shape of a stuffed and glass-cased connexion with the Mechanics’ Institution of Liver- is well known, out of America. This vessel, named the specimen of the Alpaca, a hitherto little-known expool. The results of the one last mentioned were such Comet, began to ply upon the Clyde in 1812 ; and ample of the sheep tribe, inhabiting the higher regions as to show how well calculated such exhibitions are, station, it was wrecked about 1819 in the Doors of pony, with a long neck and long erect cars. Unlike

afterwards, being transferred to the West Highland of Peru. The alpaca is as large as a tolerable Shetland in the present day, to attract public attention. Dur- Dorrismore. Many years after, Messrs Girdwood and its congener the lama, it has long silky wool, of a pering the six weeks it was open, it drew (at a shilling Company, machine-makers in Glasgow, desiring to fectly black hue, and containing no grease, the animal a-head of admission-money) upwards of three thou have the engine as a curiosity, caused it to be raised not being a perspiring one. Some peculiar interest sand four hundred pounds, of which all, except a few from the wreck and erected in their works, at an ex- attaches to the creature at the present moment, as a hundreds for expenses, went to the funds of the insti- Craig and Company, Tradeston (a suburb of Glasgow). place for manufacturing purposes, and it has even been

pense of L.120. It now belongs, we believe, to Messrs considerable importation of its wool has lately taken tution. A confectionery table, opened in it for the The cylinder is surprisingly small, not above a foot in proposed to introduce the live animal to our pastures. refreshment of the visiters, drew above four hundred diameter; and the whole works, like Mr Watt's model, Some specimens of cloth made from the wool are pounds, and from the half of its profits afforded a little are of rude construction. To see these two objects so shown upon a neighbouring table, and seem to justify dowry to the shop-girl who kept it. The show held pear each other struck the mind forcibly. If there the saying of the manufacturer, that alpaca wool rather forth in Glasgow was not of such vast extent, but a experimental vessel which Mr Miller set a-going on have our doubts as to the naturalisation of the animal.

had also been present the small engine used in the interferes with the silk than the wool trade. But we very good exhibition nevertheless. After doing service Dalswinton lake in 1788 (not long ago placed by Mr The high climates of Peru are certainly as cold as our during the week of the association, it was opened to Miller's son in the British Museum), it would have Highlands, but one of the elements of our condition is the public at a small rate, and was well attended. been one of the most remarkable groups of objects wanting there, namely, the humidity. Our rains have In the entrance hall, we observed some models by which the world could produce. It is to be lamented been found to rot the feet

of foreign sheep, to which the the ingenious Mr Thom of Rothesay, the engineer of wish to see the Watt model or the Bell engine sent Sir John Sinclair getting home a flock of some such

that they are separate ; but certainly we could not cold alone would have done no harm. We remember the extraordinary water-works at Greenock. Amongst out of Glasgow, even to be united with Mr Miller's creatures, and sending them out to winter on the them was one of a self-acting filter, which was stated engine in the British Museum. There is an additional Pentland' hills, with greatcoats on their backs. He to have been established at the Paisley water-works interest in seeing such objects on the same ground quite forgot to supply them with shoes and leggins two years since, and to have completely accomplished which their authors trod in life, where they encoun- also, and hence, if we recollect rightly, they were all its object. In the same hall was suspended a loco-tered all their difficulties

, and finally made good their dead mutton before the end of the season. motive carriage-wheel, of wrought iron," forged at a

Immediately within the door of this second room,

Pass we on amongst objects of various kinds—a there is a water tank, designed to exhibit in an approblow.” Touched with a hammer, this large mass model of a drain-tile work, a model of Chester Bridge, priate manner models of steam and sailing vessels, sounded like a bell, thereby denoting its perfect sound a printing roller engraved by galvanism, and many including a peculiarly interesting set of models, “conness. The catalogue states it to have been “ from Mr others- until we come to one which arrested our at structed by a committee of the British Association Jeremiah Grime, Lancashire."

tention for a little while, namely, the model of a self- appointed for ascertaining the best forms of vessels.”

acting gate. This is an invention by a Mr Paterson, We pass this, and come to a table presenting a variety On entering the lower room, we found five tables, architect in Dundee, for saving all the trouble which of cutlery and other instruments, including “a sixcovered with various objects ; besides which there were is encountered, while driving in a carriage through a l barrelled self-acting revolving pistol;” a huge razor,


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* with a view of Chatsworth House beautifully etched | joint after joint proceeds up the chimney, which, the and the library, on paying 5s. for each per annum. on the blade;" a piece of mechanism composed chictly better to exemplify tho principle, is bent almost at Members who have no sons present, may send apof two gems, " for correcting the edges of surgeons' a right argle ; and tinally, after a few minutes have prentices, aged from fourteen to twenty-one, on the cutting instruments;" and " an improved pivot castor elapsed, the spectator sees the brush appear above the same terms. Wives and daughters of members to be for heavy furniture, constructed so as to bave a con top of the vent, near the ceiling of the room. The admitted to the lectures and library, on paying each stant supply of oil;"--the two last being the invention importance of this machine, as a means of doing away | 10s. 6d. annually. The election of officers, and all of Sir John Robison. Here also is an old Tyrolese with “ climbing-boys,;' is so obvious, that we heartily ordinary business, is managed by ballot-voting at matchlock, a similar weapon formerly belonging to wish it may come into general use.*

general meetings. Tippoo Saib, and a horn of great length, brought from

The number of members belonging to the instituAbyssinia by Bruce. Vain were it to detail the mul.

tion, in March 1840, is thus stated in the report : titude of similar articles which inmediately follow; NOTICES OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. "512 life members ; 1595 annual members ; 43 quarbut we must advert to what struck us as a good, THE SCOTTISH INSTITUTION (EDINBURGH), FOR THE terly members ; 655 sons of members ; 266 apprentices because a useful and instructive idea, namely, trays

of members ; and 389 ladies.” The recent incomc of containing articles of hardware, in all their various Tais institution was noticed in the Journal some

the institution is described as unprecedentedly great. stages of manufacture, from the rudest to the most sears ago, while as yet it was in its infancy. Some The following is an abstract of the accounts The polished. Pins, buttons, files, gun-locks, German silver may recollect its being described as an attempt to available funds for 1839-40 (from March to March) articles, &c., were thus illustrated. Some exquisite combine all the useful and ornamental branches of a

amounted to L.9273, 178. 4d. ; the subscriptions of specimens of turning, from the private lathe of Sir young lady's education under one roof, at a compara- members, and receipts from Lectures and evening John Graham Dalyell, were also here exhibited.

tively moderate fee. To be more particular, a certain classes, for tuc year, being L.3229, and the rest, exo At the head of the room, a Paisley shawl loom, number of teachers-all of them men standing in the clusive

of balances on hand from the preceding year, with draw-boy,” was seen in full operation. Here also first rauk of their profession in a city which acknow- being chiefly derived from receipts on account of stood a large case, containing Mr Alexander's electric ledgedly takes a lead in education-associated tim- day-schools, open to ordinary, payment. The large telegraph, a model of Mr Ponton's being exhibited at selves for the purpose of establishing a school apart sum of 1.7130 was expended on teachers' salaries the other, under the care of Mr Dunn, optician. from their ordinary classes, where young ladies, for and other expenses of the establishment; and the Having lately treated of electric telegraphs in general

, one slump fee (twenty guineas per annum), might institution, after all other demands for the year we shall not enter further into the description of these, acquire all those accomplishments which, taken under were settled, could spare L.1400 to the building fund, than to say that Mr Alexander's

produces 42 signals by separate masters of the same reputation, usually cost for the completion of a sculpture gallery, which was means of as many wires, while Mr Ponton's, by some short-hand sleiglit, gives as many signals by means of plan has been completely successful. The average a much larger sum. We learn with pleasure that this in the course of being added to the establishment.

The institution, it will therefore be seen, is in a three wires—a circumstance which we only mean to

attendance at the Scottish Institution for the last most flourishing condition as regards the indispensable state as a matter of fact, and not as any proof of the three years has been eighty; the season just com- article, money: Respecting the schools in connexion superiority of the one telegraph to the other, on which menced has brought even a larger number of pupils

, with the institution, and in wlrich lies its great and point we have not had an opportunity of forming a

many of them from distant parts of the world. At the peculiar utility, the report must be allowed to speak judgment. We may, however, take this opportunity same time, other establisaments following the same partly for itself. It is proper, however, to remark, in of adverting to the fact that, for soine months past, plan hare met, we believe, with a fair share of success; the first place, that the schools of the institution are the telegraph patented by Messrs Cooke and Wheat and private teaching in the same branches has been in of two kinds, the evening ones being intended, gene. stone has been in operation between Paddington and no degree injured. The Scottish Institution is now con

rally speaking, for young men who are already engaged West Drayton, on the line of the Great Western ducted in a large house in the most elegant part of the in the pursuit of some trade, and whose early educaRailway, the communication being in that case effected city. The branches taught in the establishment, each tion has been more or less imperfect; while the high by metallic wires made to operate on fine magnetic under a first-rate master, are twelve-namely, junior and preparatory. day-schools have the character of needles

, which point to twenty letters of the alphabet English department ; writing, arithmetic, and book- ordinary academical seminaries, for the bestowal of a marked upon the dial, being acted upon by electric keeping ; elocution and composition, history and geo- perfect course of instruction on the young. “The currents passing through coils of wire placed immedi-graphy; piano-forte, singing, theory

of music and evening schools (says the report) consist at present ately behind them.” This telegraph

requires tive elements of composition ; drawing and perspeetive ; of eighteen departments, conducted by twenty-six wires throughout the length of the intervening space; mathematics, with its more interesting applications ; masters, and containing, in all, about 650 pupils, to but Mr Wheatstone has inventod a new plan, by French language and literature ; Italian language whom instruction is afforded in English grammar, which only two wires will be required, and"

and literature ; German language and literature : composition, gcography, history, writing, arithmetic, tremely simple, that any person, without any previous dancing and calisthenics. There are also lectures, mathematics, navigation, chemistry, natural philoacquaintance with it, can send a communication, and by gentlemen of equal attainments, on chemistry, sophy; the French, German, Latin,

and Greek lanread the answer.” It appears that the expense of including electricity and galvanism; natural philo? guages ; landscape drawing; practical

, perspective; laying down such an electric telegraph along a line of sophy, including astronomy; geology and minera- architectural

, mechanical

, and naval architectural railway will be about L.300 per mile. There may logy; botany, zoology; and ancient and modern his drawing; ornamental and figure drawing; painting, also be placed in the same tube different sets of wires, tory. It is obvious that no young lady could learn modelling, vocal music, and rhetorical delivery.". Defor the use of different companies or individuals : for all these things at the same time, at least with the tailed accounts of the condition of each of the classes instance, one might be for the use of the railway company, another for the service of government, and a

same rapidity as when a few things only engage for these branches are then given, and the results of

her attention ; but a choice may be made, and it is a the various courses are equally creditable to teachers third for general commercial purposes. If any party | principle in the institution to afford a long and deli- and taught. Great, indeed, must be the benefit to entertained a fear of their correspondence being tam- berate course of instruction at the same rate at which the mechanical arts of the country from such instrucpered with, they might correspond by cipher, “ of a short and hurried one is usually obtained. At the tions as are derived by young tradesmen at the folwhich an extremely safe and simple mode had been head of the establishment there is a lady exercising lowing class. “The number on the list of the mechadevised, enabling a person to communicate with a

all the functions of the superior of a boarding-school; nical drawing class, under Mr Thomas Baker, is 48. thousand correspondents so as that it should be im, four governesses are retained to assist in the musical The average attendance is about 30. This class is possible for any one of them to read what was intended department, and one in the French ; while the junior chiefly composed of apprentices — engineers, milfor another.” Mr Wheatstone proposes, in the case school has also an assistant. Such an amount of wrights, pattern-makers, smiths, moulders, and coachof a railway telegraph, to have, at every distance of a teaching power, at so moderate a rate of cost to in- makers-with a considerable number of young stu

Nor can we omit noticing particularly wires can be carried up, and with an apparatus at the nowhere but in such a city as Edinburgh, where edu: the class for vocal music, in which there are about top. The guard, with a portable instrument, might cation may be said to be a staple production, could 70 pupils, who are now divided into two sections, a

senior and a junior. To each of these, in consequence either direction, so as to give warning of the approach exist

. One of its most important effects is to make of the great numbers, it has been found necessary to of the carriages under his charge: Thus the risk of the ornamental branches of education more accessible devote a separate evening. Without a single excepcollisions would be considerably diminished. The remainder of the tables in the second room are

than formerly to the middle classes of society. An- tion, the pupils are deeply interested in their pursuits;

other is to introduce physical science into the educa- their progress has been proportionably rapid ; and covered with a profusion of objects of art, and models tion of the upper classes. At the beginning of the when the directors consider the influence of music in of mechanism, which our space will scarcely allow us

present season, a new and important feature was refining and elevating the character, they confidently to touch upon. One small carved group in ivory, added, namely, a normal school for governesses, for expect that this class will be found to be not merely attracted general attention by its extreme beauty. A tainly furnish great advantages. "Death, sparing neither age nor sex,” by Fiamingo , which the existing elements of the institution cer- attractive, but useful in the highest sense.” Thirty

years ago, this combining of the agreeable with the series of specimens of papier machée articles, by Messrs

useful would have been called a wild waste of time. Jennens and Bettridge, of Birmingham, and a series

But the human mind, with all its wants and powers, of ornamental boxes and other articles, by Messrs THE LIVERPOOL MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. is now better understood. Smith of Mauchline, showed to what a pitch of ele

We have before us the Report for 1839-40 of the The library of the institution, and its museum, are gance, in form and pictorial design, some of even our Liverpool Mechanics

’ Institution, one of the greatest thus noticed. “During the past year, upwards of manufactures of little or humble pretension have now establishments of the kind in Great Britain, or per- L.200 have been expended on the purchase of suitable “Warwick vase," done in terra cotta at the Garnkirk this institution are worthy the special attention of purchase or donations, to the library, which now conWorks, near Glasgow. The only other object we have those who have the management of others of the tains in all upwards of 6000 volumes. This great in. invention of Mr Malcolm Aiuir, of Glasgow. This lished in June of the year 1825, under the patronage tors to allow members

three volumes

of a single work was exhibited at work upon a wooden chimney reared and presidency of the late Mr Huskisson, then memfor the purpose at the end of the room. The

mecha- ber for the city. It continued for some subsequent of the most esteemed monthly and quarterly perionism for

sweeping consists of a series of rods, connected years to flourish in a manner worthy of so great a seat dicals have been introduced into the library, the numby joints, which, like those of a clasp-knife

, allow of of commerce and enterprise, and, in 1835, the founda- bers being received as soon as published. As might a bending only in one direction. By means of these tion-stone of a handsome 'and massive building, for have been expected, the increase of readers has been joints, the series of rods can be wound up upon a reel, the purposes of the establishment, was laid by Lord

so great as to justify the increased expense which has The reel containing the wound-up rods being brought subscriptions. All subscribers of ten guineas were so as to be readily carried about from house to house . Brougham, a fund being provided for the erection

by been incurred, and to demand a still further expen

diture in the purchase of useful works, whenever the close in front of the supposed fire-place, a man fastens appointed members for life. The ordinary members funds shall be able to meet the outlay; , At present a brush on the extremity of the first rod, inserts this of the institution consist of individuals above the age

the number of readers on the list is 1210; and the into the chimney, and then, beginning to turn the of fourteen, who subscribe one guinea annually. The average daily number of books distributed is 200. reel, causes the series to unwind, open, and procoed, main privileges of membership consist in the use of the

The Museum has been recently fitted up with like one long connected rod, up the chimney, driving library, and admittance to the schools and lectures shelves

, and lighted., A curator has been appointed, of course, the brush before them. To keep the united connected with the establishment. Life members, by whose exertions the numerous specimens, chietly rod right in the centre of the rent, and to enable it and those paying 21s. per annum, have a right to the of ornithology, which have been either purchased or to make lateral turnings in conformity with the turn- admittance of such of their sons as are under twenty- presented, have been arranged. At present, the ings of a chimney along a wall, each individual rod is one years of age, to the lectures, the evening schools

, museum is open to members every Saturday, from furnished with a wheel of about nine inches diameter,

twelve to five; and it is intended that, whenever the revolving upon an axis fastened in it, and there are other joints permitting of flexure to either side, but

* Since the above was written, steps have been taken for the collection increases so greatly as to induce a more not forward or backward. The unwinding goes on, and manufactures in Glasgow. laudable object of establishing a permanent exhibition of models crowded attendance of visiters, greater facilities shall

be given to members for its inspection. To the pupils



of the various schools, it is expected that this depart of any branch of knowledge on a peculiar profession, sition for the morning's work; so into bed we turned, ment of the institution will be of the utmost service." be the test of its utility or desirableness, the labours considerately helping, in the first instance, those

Not the least valuable feature in the conduct of of education may be greatly diminished. But not to whom the potency of the major's cookery had renthis establishment is the delivery of lectures in con- mention that, in these days of rapid and startling dered incompetent to turn into theirs. The morning nexion with it, upon all manner of important sub improvement in all mechanical, commercial, and came, and with it a pretty considerable quantity of jects. “Since March 1839, twelve courses of lectures, scientific matters, every profession, nay, the humblest headaches, while numberless anathemas were bestowed or in all, eiglity lectures, have been delivered to audi- trade, will yet require for its successful conduct a on the major's soup and cooking propensities. In ences varying in numbers from 800 to 1400. The much wider intellectual range than was ever before this case it certainly was not the wine—“It was all subjects have been diversified as much as possible, imagined—mental cultivation in itself, and for its own the beef,” as some one said. The major was the only that all classes of members might find something sake, is our highest, our ultimate aim, and to try its one on whom his cookery had not visible effect, and suited to their various tastes and pursuits in life.' value by any inferior or extrinsic standard, is to dis- he actually gloated over the sufferings of what he Organic chemistry, animal mechanics, electro-mag- play our own ignorance of its nature and importance. called a parcel of unseasoned hogsheads. However, netism, astronomy, vegetable physiology, landscape Your committee trust that it will ever be the object we gained our point, and the major was turned out of painting, steam power, &c., are but a few of the sub- of those to whom the management of this institution the kitchen, except in the stewing department, for jects lectured upon-the lecturers being among the may in after years be confided, to send forth, as far which we gave him an allowance of a half bottle of first men of the day in their respective depart- as possible, its pupils imbued not merely with tech- whisky and one of Madeira daily, and he supplied

nical and practical science, but with general know- any deficiency ho thought might exist with Cayenno The institution is preparing to open an exhibition ledge ; and not merely with knowledge, but with pepper. Having dressed, we lighted our cheroots, of objects illustrative of science, arts, and manufac- wisdom, sound feeling, clear views, and the power of and started on our ponies for the jungle, in which we tures, such as that noticed in our present number. appreciating excellence and beauty wherever they had received intimation that a herd of elephants was "No exertion will be spared to render it worthy may be found. The truly educated man is he who feeding ; each of us being armed with three or four of the institution and of the town, and the co-ope- combines the learning and reverent spirit of the past, double-barrelled guns, carried by natives, as in case of ration of all the members is earnestly requested, in with the inquiring and improving tendencies of the the first fire missing the mortal spot, there is geneorder that the institution may not only be assisted present, and the brilliant expectations of the future ; rally time to take the second gun, and if not kill, at by the proceeds, but that the collection of articles whosz mind, in the words of an eloquent writer, “re- least turn the animal from you. The natives that may be such as to instruct as well as amuse and gra- sembles an eastern palace, in itself magnificent, and carry the supernumerary guns are, for the most part, tify the public."

its wide spaciousness adorned and filled with diversi- staunch, steady hands, and will not run unless in very The report, after noticing the preceding points, fied treasures ; its lofty turrets commanding an ample imminent danger. concludes with an account of the state of the day- horizon, circling field, flood, and mountain, art's The old elephant-finder having guided us to the schools institution, where a complete education stately gardens and nature's wild loveliness ; and its jungle, lost no time in finding the position the brutes is given to boys. “Your committee have peculiar hundred gates ever open for the welcoming of each had taken up; there were five females, with as many pleasure in stating that the Lower School has not worthy guest, from all earth's regions, far or near.'”

young ones. To get within shooting distance of an been left behind in the general progress of the insti

elephant (and we never fire at them with any certution. In March 1838, it contained 221 pupils, and

tainty of killing at above ten paces), it requires nearly 3 masters. In March 1839, it contained 429 pupils,


as much caution as to get near a hare in her seat, and 10 masters. It now contains 470 pupils, who are

going against the wind, &c. However, they scented under the care of 12 masters, and are divided into eight Cold, wet, and hungry, after a ten hours' ride over us long before we could get at them in this instance, classes, including the two which belong to the pre. the bleak, rugged mountains in the interior of Coy- but, unluckily for themselves, made a rush in the paratory department. Experience only could demon- lon, we at last hailed with satisfaction our long- direction we were standing. They came down in strate the possibility of teaching and keeping in order, wished-for bungalow—the place we had fixed on as line. At the first shot from the major, wo poured in without the fear of corporal punishment, so large a being most appropriate for our scene of action with our broadside (none of us except him had been out number of boys, of so various ranks, in all classes of the birds, beasts, and fishes of the creation. No sooner elephant-shooting before) and on the smoke clearing advancement, many of whom have been sadly ne did the white walls of our future domicile attract the off, we found two of the beasts stretched dead on the glected, and almost all of whom have been imperfectly major's eye (than whom a finer specimen of a well-fed ground. The major had killed one, but who killed taught. The only two serious evils still prevalent in Scot never broached a whisky-tul), than the jungles the other, out of so many who fired with the same the schools, though both are much diminished, are the around re-echoed with his jolly shout, and digging his sized ball

, would be no easy matter to find out. While practice of irregular attendance at school on the part brawny heels into the ribs of the Tattoo pony that reloading, I observed something, about a dozen yards of many, and the rudeness and unseemliness of be carried him, and which really was, I believe, the off, in the bushes, and sincerely hoped it might prove haviour, which are the natural results of early im- lightest weight of the two, away we went, with a total to be a cheetah (much nobler game in Ceylon than the proper education, and of want of intercourse with disregard and indifference of all mortal accidents

. elephant), but I was disappointed; for on approaching, refined society. The preparatory department now Brandy-pawnee, pale ale, cheroots, and a hot dinner, I found it to be the calf of one of the dead elephants, contains 80 boys, most of whom are between 7 and 9 in perspective, it required more than the power of about two feet in height. I immediately secured years of age. An additional master has been ap man to stop him, so making a Chifney rush of it, five him, and walked him off prisoner of war. I kept this pointed, and the directors, in November last, reduced minutes brought us all (five in number) to a commo same youngster for nine months afterwards, but he the fees of this department from 15s. to 10s., and for dious jungle habitation, that had been built some time grew up such a thief and dissipated character, clearing members' sons, from 12s. 6d. to 7s. 6d. per quarter, before by a sportsman of Ceylon, both for his own at times the whole of the bazaar, and rifling all the in order that a still more numerous class of society amusement, and also for the benefit of such of his fruit shops, &c., that I was obliged to have him demight avail themselves of its advantages. This de- brethren in the craft as might at times feel inclined stroyed. partment derives peculiar interest from the considera- to risk their life and limbs in warfare with the ele We now agreed to separate, and make two parties, sion that the intellectual, and still more the moral, phants, with which the place abounds. The country in or we should never be able to identify the elephants 'welfare of the whole school, depends greatly on the which the said abode is situated resembled an English cach of us might kill. This we were not long in arage at which the pupils are subjected to its mild yet park somewhat out of repair ; clumps of large forest ranging. H. and myself, taking " a line of our own," firm discipline. The earlier a child enters the school, trees being interspersed at intervals, and the ground were eventually the most fortunate of the party: We the more likely is he to improve in knowledge, and to carpeted with smooth elastic turf, while the countless had scrambled on for about five miles in the midst of escape the contagion of evil habits.” The branches herds of spotted deer that lay scattered over it, the herds of deer, at which we dared not fire, for fear of taught in the Lower School are numerous—arith-wild gaudy peacock, and the jungle fowl that we put alarming the elephants, when we espied an elephant metic, mathematics, geography and history, grammar, up in all directions, gave promise to the sportsman of not twenty yards off, standing in the jungle. Je the French language, natural history, natural philo- glorious sport. "The major,” under whose fatherly evidently saw us, and was in hopes that, by remaining sophy, &c., being amongst the most prominent objects protection we had placed ourselves, in addition to his stationary, he might escape our observation, but his of study: The “ High and Preparatory Schools” are other good qualities, was a most excellent cook. His stars had fated otherwise, and on our coming to closer attended by 356 pupils. Here instructions are given stews were unexceptionable ; a bottle of Madeira in quarters, off he bolted at a long trot. H. tired-his in almost every department of useful knowledge, six them generally prevented any body, except himself, right-hand barrel did its duty, and the brute fell on years being the term of a complete course. The knowing what they were made of; and should they its knees wounded. We ran up, put a ball through classics forn a branch of the teaching in these schools, be overdone, underdone, or the ingredients rather its head, and finished him. I must own, if ever I felt “ A Juvenile Library and Museum have likewise been major's estimation, was a specific remedy for all culi- trophy we preserve of our game) find its way into his and we are pleased to see classes also for dancing tough, in went another half bottle, which, in the envious, it was at the moment I saw the tail (the established, the first containing volumes of a kind nary irregularities. Moreover, our friend evinced shooting-coat pocket. Elated by our success, we went most attractive and useful to boys.” We ought not none of those affectations (which I know some of my forward with sanguine and sanguinary expectations of to omit notice of the prizes given to the pupils, both sporting friends do) of not eating the game they shoot. sport; nor were we disappointed. On emerging from of the day and evening schools. These are bestowed, The old soul was never half so happy and pleased as the jungle, we discerned a herd of fifty elephants feedin some cases, for general scholarly excellence, in when masticating a tough old pea-fowl that he had ing about a quarter of a mile before us. others for models of engines, drawings, &c.; and, in shot, cooked, and served up himself. But we are di- to them, we used every possible means in our power, the latter instancos particularly, cannot but have a gressing. Having put our nags into the best place now creeping like snakes on our bellies, and now lying great effect in stimulating the ingenuity of the we could find for them (and, luckily, jungle ponies are perfectly still for minutes together, until our exertions pupils. Upon the whole, this establishment combines such

not over fastidious in their ideas of local habitation), were crowned with success, and we rose at last within

we commenced tapping and overhauling the commis- about eight yards of the whole herd. I fired at the a vast number of objects, and works them out upon sariat, a supply of provisions enough to have lasted us head of the nearest animal, but he merely shook it, a scale of such magnitude and liberality, that we feel for a six months' siege. We all agreed that it was no stared at me, and walked away, evidently disgusted at the sketch now given of it to be very imperfect. It advantage working on empty stomachs, and we were my daring impertinence, while I felt mortified above combines the purposes at once of a reading-room and too old soldiers to rely on our guns for subsistence. every thing. My left barrel was still loaded, and the a library, of a school and a lecture-room, of a museum Having satisfied our inner man for the present, we pro- brutes were now in the most admired state of confuand an exhibition-gallery; and, in short, possesses in ceeded to business, getting ready the guns and ammu- sion, some retreating, others charging, until a noble itself every requisite for the entertainment alike and nition for the morrow's slaughter, while “ the major" fellow thought me worthy of his notice, and picking instruction of the young and old, rich and poor, of a was sent off to cook the dinner. This was served up in me out for single combat, came at me. Steadying great community. Smaller towns cannot possibly due time, and as gladly welcomed by a party of hungry my back against a tree, with my gun at my shoulder, imitate the scale on which matters are conducted in the Liverpool institution, nor is it necessary that they old major bringing in the last dish himself, with an

subs as a brevet company would have been, the portly I let him come within six paces, when a slight pull of

the forefinger sent an ounce ball into his brain, and should ; but the wise and generous combination of expression of cannibalism on his features that would he dropped dead at my feet. Never do I remember amusement with utility is what may be widely copied. have petrified a rhinoceros. Oh! ye gods, that dinner! to have experienced such a moment of intense exciteThe musical courses, the exhibition of arts, and the It was all the same to our worthy cook, which had ment as at the fall of that noble brute to my gun. It museum, are what we chietly refer to. If it be come to hand first--whisky, Madeira, or water. The was a matter of life and death, as I could not retreat imagined by any one that the instruction given in the soup was a compound of all three, with a half-boiled had I wished it, and had my gun missed fire, I should Liverpool institution is too comprehensive, and that hare in the middle of it ; while a goodly piece of boiled never have lived to record this day's adventures. The a tradesman, whether master or man, can derire no beef tasted far more of " Old Tom” than anything others immediately took to the jungle, and the crash benefit from his initiation into the mysteries of so else. But who would grumble? Here we were thirty of fifty elephants rushing through a forest jungle many different arts and sciences, we would beg to miles from any habitation, except those of the deni- beggars all description. We were now far from the answer this doubt in the concluding words of the re zens of the forest-modern Robinson Crusoes out bungalow, and the sun was beginning to get unpleaport :-“ What is the use to me of this or that elephant-shooting-50 pass the bottle and keep up the santly warm, so we turned our steps homewards, in branch of knowledge ? is a question more frequently song was our motto, till the small hours warned us hopes of falling in with our compagnons de chasse, than wisely asked. If the obvious and direct bearing that steady hands and clear heads would be a requi- | They had been nearly as fortunato as ourselves, and

To get up

SINGULAR PRISONERS. on emptying our pockets we mustered eight tails- | South Africa; in fairness, however, the reviewer should

James Swan, an American merchant, was committed fair sport for griffs at the work—and pale ale and extend his indignation to those cruelties now practising

to the prison of St Pelagie (in Paris], on the 28th of July cheroots was the first order of the day. Of that jolly by his own countrymen in Florida, where the natives are party one has since fallen a victim to his zeal. "My in the course of being hunted down and exterminated by 1808, for a sum of 625,640 francs (upwards of L.25,000), blood-hounds from Cuba.]

and re-passed the gates, for the first time, on their opencompanion of the morning went out elephant-shooting

ing to the Revolution, on the 28th

of July 1830, twentysome months after, his gun missed fire in front of an

two years afterwards, to a day. This man, possessed of elephant, and the brute transfixed him with his tusks.

a fortune amounting to nearly four millions of francs, Poor boy, he deserved a better fate !-Sunday Times LINES ADDRESSED TO A FRIEND FROM THE

denied the justness of the claim beyond the sum of six neuspaper.


or seven thousand francs, and determined to pass his life Here, upon the waveful Tweed,

in prison, rather than obey a judical sentence which he Haunt of love and song decreed,

considered unjust. Having, first, caused it to be intiCAUSES OF DEPRESSION IN THE LABOURING CLASSES.

Prone beneath a willow tree,

mated to his wife and children that he would disinberit Shall I chant a stave to thee.

them to the last farthing of his property if they paid the First, how much of this depression is to be traced to

Would that thou wert with me here,

debt, he furnished his prison apartment in a style of intemperance! What a great amount of time, and

Now when July warms the year,

princely magnificence, and hired, in the Rue de la Célé, strength, and money, might multitudes gain for self-im

And the Tweed careers below,

opposite the gates of St Pelagie, a spacious dwelling, provement by a strict sobriety! That cheap remedy,

Bright and breakless in its flow,

with coach-house and stables, for his friends, cooks, &c. pure water, would cure the chief evils in very many

Save where trouts leap here and there,

For the former class, he kept two carriages; and they families of the ignorant and poor. Were the sums which

Bathing in the sunny air;

were commissioned to appear for him, and spend his are still lavished on ardent spirits, appropriated wisely

While, upon the adverse bank,

money, in the Bois-de-Boulogne, public streets and proto the elevation of the people, what a new world we should

May be viewed, in stately rank,

menades, balls and theatres. « À curious original was live in! Intemperance not only wastes the earnings, but

All the trees which he, the lord,

James Swan. He strutted and attitudinised in his prithe health and the minds of men. How many, were they

Ever-famed of Abbotsford,
Planted with his wondrous hands,

son, like Chodruc-Duclos in his rags : it was his method to exchange what they call moderate drinking for water,

Pleasure-givers to the lands.

of flinging a defiance in the face of society. Consistent would be surprised to learn, that they had been living

Peeping o'er the leafy screen

in his determination, he was preparing to return to his under a cloud, in half stupefaction, and would become

May the turrets, too, be seen,

prison, after the events of the three days,' when, on the conscious of an intellectual energy of which they had not

Of the bright “ romance of stone,"

31st of July, he was seized with apoplexy at his tempo before dreamed! Their labours would exhaust them

Builded by the Mighty Known.

rary lodging," and consigned to the closer and longer less, and less labour would be needed for their support;

Towers, and crystal streams, and trees,

imprisonment of the grave. The motives of the welland thus their inability to cultivate their high nature

Ever may the gazer please;

known M. Ouvrard are less honourable, though the conwould in a great measure be removed. The working

How much more should such as lio
Now before my charmed eye,

sequences to himself were less serere. Not disputing the class, above all men, have an interest in the cause of

Steep'd in twilight, dewy, cool,

debt for which he was detained, he yet refused to pay temperance, and they ought to look on the individual

Like the landscapes of a pool !

it, and determined, like Mr Swan, to undergo his imwho lives by scattering the means and excitements of

prisonment, which, as a Frenchman, could not, in his drunkenness, not only as the general enemy of his race

Oft on such an eve have I

case, exceed five years. He, too, led a life of princely but as their own worst foe. In the next place, how much

Wander'd through these woods hereby,

expenditure in his prison ; and, amongst other instances of the depression of labourers may be traced to the want

Musing on the mightiest mind of a strict economy !

of his extravagance, it is told of him that, for the purBut how many waste their earn

Kernell'd e'er in earthly rind;
While from every shrub and tree

pose of adding a neighbouring room to his establishment, ings on indulgences which may be spared, and thus have

Issued floods of melody.

he paid the debt of the prisoner who occupied it. “Ore no resource for a dark day, and are always trembling on

There the mavis pour'd its song,

day, when M. de Villèle, the Finance Minister, was the brink of pauperism! Needless expenses keep many

Like old wine, mellow and strong,

dining with him, the latter urged him to settle matters too poor for self-improvement. And here let me say,

Calling answers, pleased and loud,

with Séguin, representing the scandal which his conduct that expensive habits among the more prosperous

Even from those echoes proud,

reflected on the government, which had so long retained labourers often interfere with the mental culture of

Which were wonted to rejoice themselves and their families. How many among them

At the master-minstrel's voice;

him as contractor-general. Parbleu, Monseigneur ! There the blackbird's stirring note

replied Ouvrard ; you speak very much at your case. sacrifice improvement to appetite! How many sacrifice

Through the woods was heard to float;

I am here for five years, for five millions of money : I it to the love of show, to the desire of outstripping others,

And the finch's whining plain

gain, therefore, by my imprisonment, one million a year ; and to habits of expense which grow out of this insatiable

Mingled with the linnet's strain;

and if you know of any speculation at once more lucra passion. A labourer having secured a neat home, and a

And an hundred other lays

tive and sure, I am not obstinately wedded to this, obwholesome table, should ask nothing more for the senses ;

Made an evening hymn of praise,

serve! In that case, I will pay to-morrow."" For the but should consecrate his leisure, and what may be

Such as caused that vast arcade, spared of his earnings, to the culture of himself and his

Bedded by the dark green glade,

i sake of its honourable contrast, we may add to these the family, to the best books, to the best teaching, to plea

Once and oft to nod with glee

case of Dante, the Conde de Foscolo, patriarch of JeruTo the pleasing minstrelsy.

salem, who was incarcerated for 100,000 francs, at the sant and profitable intercourse, to sympathy and the

On the hilly slopes in view,

suit of a curé of Paris, and liberated by an accidental offices of humanity, and to the enjoyment of the beautiful

Propp'd against the arc of blue,

omission in the deposit of the aliment money required by in nature and art. Another cause of the depressed con

Mark'd I then the heather bell,

law on the part of the detaining creditor, after an imdition of not a few labourers, as I believe, is their igno

Grasping close the mountain swell; rance on the subject of health. Health is the working

And the broom's bright flowers were scen,

prisonment of upwards of six years. “But the patriarch man's fortune; and he ought to watch over it more than

Stars of gold in skies of green ;

was an honest man. When he had recovered his liberty, And the fox-glove's purple cup

and was under no further compulsion to do so, he paid Health the capitalist over his largest investments.

Seem'd to drink the breezes up;

every farthing of his original debt; and the curé evenlightens the efforts of body and mind. It enables a man

While, upon some brown scaur side,

tually lost nothing but those costs which a more evanto crowd much work into a narrow compass. Without

Waved old Caledonia's pride

gelical spirit would have prevented bis incurring." it little can be earned, and that little by slow exhausting

Emblem fit, in form and deed,

Athenæum reviewing Maurice's History of Prisons, a new toil. For these reasons, I cannot but look on it as å

Of her bold and hardy broed,

Parisian work. good omen that the press is circulating among us cheap

Who, upon their island rocks, works, in which much useful knowledge is given of the

Laugh to scorn a foeman's shocks.

CHOICE OF PAPERS FOR ROOMS. structure, and functions, and laws of the human body.

As the breeze with deeper plain,

Many elegant patterns are displayed on coloured

Soems to start away agnin, It is in no small measure through our own imprudence

grounds: the effect may please in one room, which in

When its rash, assailing wing that disease and debility are incurred, and one remedy

another will be displeasing ; yet the cause will be inex

Meets the thistle's wardful sting, is to be found in knowledge. Once let the mass of the

plicable : light, more or less, will account for the diffe

So, e'en so do Scotland's foes people be instructed in their own frames-let them

renee. Coloured grounds, however pale, will always be

Still repent their hostile blows. anderstand clearly that disease is not an accident, but

Well the Minstrel might declare,

too gloomy in rooms which have not much light. In has fixed causes, many of which they can avertand a

“* Breathed I not my native air

London, this is an essential matter of consideration; great amount of suffering, want, and consequent intel

Saw I not the heather bloom

even in the country, the aspect and number of windows lectual depression, will be removed. I will mention one

Heard I not the wild bee's boom

will produce a surprising difference in the general effect. -more cause of the depressed condition of many labourers,

Once as every year ran by,

Nor ought any erroneous idea to be entertained, that a . and that is sloth, “the sin which doth most easily beset

Surely, surely I should die !"

paper with much white in it will quickly soil, and there

Such a scene, and such a land, us." How many are there, who working languidly and

fore must be more extravagant; for if white soils, colours

Well may poet's love command' reluctantly, bring little to pass, spread the work of one

fade. A room, then, scantily supplied with windows, hour over many, shrink from difficulties which ought to

Die he did ! and, well-a-day,

ought never to be papered with a coloured ground; for excite them, keep themselves poor, and thus doom their

Short thereafter was the stay

the same reason, the doors and other wood-work should

of the daughters of his race, families to ignorance as well as to want! In these re

invariably be white. Apartments well supplied with

Who drew life but from his face ! marks, I have endeavoured to show that the great

light may rejoice in a less confined range of colours.

Brief thereafter was the span obstacles to the improvement of the labouring classes are

of the sweet and gentle Anne,

Another failure in effect-little suspected in the choice in themselves, and may therefore be overcome. They

Who for her great father boro

of colours, even where light can be commanded to ar want nothing but the will.- Channing's Lectures on the

Such a love as child before

unlimited extent-is the want of consideration of the hue Elevation of the Working Classes.

Never felt, nor may feel more.

that will best " light up." Exquisite as is paie blue in When the complete progeny

itself, it is heavy in a mass; and even where sparingly TREATMENT OF THE AMERICAN INDIANS.

Of bright works that cannot die,

introduced, ay, even in small portions, among gilding

From that wondrous brain were born, The employment of the savages by the French and

and pure white (as in large concert rooms), it dulls the

And the earthly case was worn British, and of bloodhounds by the Spaniards, to destroy

whole. A blue dress by candle-light is unsatisfactory;

By tke inward fire away, their enemies, are among the most atrocious acts which

And the debt was paid of clay,

and a room with blue grounded paper and blue paint to Christendom has been called to witness. The

Thou, the poet's gentlest child,

correspond, will never light well at night; an apartment records of history cannot furnish a more cold-blooded,

Felt a woe so deep an, wild,

similarly decorated with buff or “flesh" colour would reheartless document, than the official report of Sir Jeffrey

That, if this should e er be said,

quire but six wax candles to produce a cheerful and suffiAmherst, the British commander-in-chief, dated Albany,

Thine was grief beyond all aid.

cient illumination, if blue would swallow up the light of

Soon did that absorbing pain 13th August 1763, and communicating the result of

eighteen candles, and then not produce an agreeable im

Burst the bonds of life in twain ; Colonel Grant's expedition against the Cherokees. He

pression. Pale flesh, or pink and buff, are very charming

In the tomb wert thou laid low, states, that Colonel Grant had burnt fifteen towns, and

Victim of that filial wo.

hues, but are ill for the complexion ; few persons look in

health with much of these colours around them; and all the plantations of the country ; destroyed fourteen hundred acres of corn; and driven about five thousand

Who can wander through these woods,

blue is trying; white, with a hint of blush, or tint of men, women, and children, into the woods and moun

Or behold these pleasant floods,

stone, is good. The most perfect or rather the nearest tains, where, having nothing to subsist upon, they must

Nor thus dwell on thee and thine,

approach to perfection-is a paper with a pure white

Poet of the living line? either starve or sue for peace. Not a vestige re

ground, and running pattern of shaded slates, and white

Many a flower is scatter'd there, mains of any permanent advantage derived by the Indians

paint, “picked in" with pale slate to correspond. Rooms

Nursling of the sunless air ; from the cessions (of land] and sacrifices they made.

hung with or painted scarlet are rich, but very dismal, Their actual relations with the British may be empha

But the
most I prize by far,

One that, like an earth-born star,

and invariably look less than if adorned with a light tically stated in few words. They were useful, and were

Seems to shrine the name of Scott,

tint. They require also to be illuminated more, and used, in war to fight, and in peace to trade. Queen Anne,

Saying still, “ Forget-me-not."

much earlier in an evening, than those with pale colours,

Yes! sweet flower, so brightly blue, indeed, presented sacramental vessels to the Mohawks,

Towards dusk, scarlet appears black: let any person and other furniture for a chapel; and this is about the

Eye which Flora may look through

doubting this try the fact, by wearing a scarlet cloak or

When she scans man's acts below, extent, as far as we have been able to discover, of the

Scott shall ne'er oblivion know!

shawl, and look at it as the shades of twilight advance. direct interference of the British in any plan to improve

While old Scotland lasts, his name,

Yellow, and buff, and pink, can be scarcely better discrithe moral condition of the Indians. - North American

Fitly form'd for mutual fame,

minated by candle-light than can blue and green.- Coriew.

Shall with her's still co-exist,

respondent of Magazine of Domestic Economy. [The above, we believe, is all true. The Britislı cannet

First in honour's lofty list.

Till his land and race are not, be sufficiently blamed for their inhumane treatment of the

LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by W.S. Glory bc to Walter Scott !

ORR, Paternoster Row; and sold by all booksellers and newsiborigines, not only in America, but in Australia and

T. S.

men.-Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars

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