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CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”
“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE," &c.
PRICE THREE Halfpence.
" And now remains
ter as would tend to stay his downward course. MALINGERING*_NOT MILITARY.
seems as if she were abont to send an account of her he were accused of some great mal-administration, whole habiliments to the Belle Assemblée. Nay, with That we find out the cause of this effect ;
an illness, described in the bulletins as likely to prove what superlative nonchalance she turns her glass upon Or rather say the cause of this defect;
fatal, might save him from an impeachment, for who the gentleman opposite, so distinguished by moustache For this effect defective comes by cause."
could think of taking stern measures with a poor and fur collar. If an unglassed lady were to attempt
helpless old man already at the point of death? It this latter feat, she would assuredly be set down as That old fox upon two legs, Charles Maurice Talley, would obviously be for the interest of such a man not void of all delicacy-totally wanting in that modesty rand Prince de Benevento, was one day told that an to get well until the minds of his enemies and of the which is the best ornament of her sex. experienced French courtier and statesman of his own public liad been in a great measure turned to some The ears, not less than the eyes, may be the seat of a stamp had been seized with a fit of the gout. Imme new subject of engrossing interest. Much may of simulated infirmity, either through affectation, or for diately on receiving this piece of intelligence, Talley course depend on the way in which a statesman ma purposes useful to the simulator. Sir Mungo Malarand fell into a fit of musing, or seemed to do so. He nages his illnesses. It would never do if he were to growther was a magnificent example of the comforts was asked what was the tenor of his thoughts. “I turn too suddenly ill immediately after his falling and advantages derivable from a convenient deafness. am just reflecting what peculiar interest old into danger. He should foresce a coming storm, and That renowned knight, it will be remembered, heard (naming the courtier in question) can have in being take to his chamber in time. Perhaps it might even nothing but what it suited him to hear. A dun was a gouty at present.”
be advisable for a minister in critical times never to personage who might have roared into his ear for a This anecdote shows in a remarkable manner the be too well, so that, let danger come ever so suddenly, month, and all in vain ; while any word that related to difference between ordinary men's ideas and those of he could clap on his nightcap in an instant, and ap the advantage of Sir Mungo, never fell in vain on Sir great conductors of affairs. The common mind would pear quite as sick as there was any occasion for. Mungo's organs, though whispered ever so lightly. have scen nothing in the illness but something to be In the walks of ordinary life, a few well-managed There be Malagrowthers yet stirring in the world. lamented for the sake of the man afflicted; but the appearances of infirmity prove, in their own limited Some, too, are deaf because good ears are vulgar pospolitician knew that his friend had a reason for every way, of not less consequence. We would fain take a sessions, and because, as in the more familiar case of thing, not even excepting his gout, and he accordingly lenient view of the foibles of humanity, but believe it eye-malingering, it is deemed a base thing to particithought of nothing but to divine what object the old
may be safely averred, that one-third of the young pato even in the blessing of good hearing with the gentleman had in view on the present occasion.
common mass of humanity.
Talleyrand's acuteness brings us in mind of a circum- ladies, who complain without ceasing of dofective Has it been generally noticed that medical men are
stance in the life of Pope Sextus V., a contemporary vision, and, on that plea, keep eye-glasses dangling a class who become amazingly sdon old and infirm! of our Queen Elizabeth. While a simple cardinal, he over their necks, can see quite as far into a millstone A young man passes surgeon, or is capped physician, was a man comparatively without influence, and had,
as the most sharp-sighted of their neighbours. Per- and settles down in some town to practise. He may to appearance, very little chance of attaining to be
haps a great part of the mystery lies in the fact that retain his youthful aspect for a short time ; but by head of the church. But he surmounted all obstacles. two eyes are common to all of mortal mould. They and bye, particularly if he bo a man of sense, he His predecessor, a very old man, grew ill, and evi are vulgar things, which every plebeian can boast of begins to present the appearance of incipient age. He dently was not long for this world. A mighty con- possessing, and of possessing, for the most part, in a walks with slow steps, and perhaps stoops a good deal. tention arose between the two parties who entertained very acute and exercisable state. There lies the rub. His eyes seem to fail him, for he assumes a pair of the strongest hopes of filling the chair of St Peter. The eyes cannot be taken out, to distinguish the high- spectacles of a staid and venerable kind. His lately The college of cardinals was divided into two factions, bred from the low-bred, but they may be deprived, at flowing locks appear to get rapidly thin, and he perso nicely balanced in strength that neither side could least in seeming, of that healthiness which charac-haps mounts a goodly middle-aged wig. His dress is be confident about the issue. Meanwhile, the hero terises the vision of the vulgar. Hence, in most | in accordance with this change. White neckcloths, of our anecdote took no part with any of the candi instances, the black ribbon and the pendent eye-glass and a sombre, gravely-cut suit of black, take the place dates. “For his part, he was an infirm man; all the of the young malingerer of fashion. Cowper, indeed, of the smart Belcher neckerchiefs and round green ailments that flesh is heir to had settled in his poor suggests another reason, in the case of a senatorial hunting-coats, in which he once used to shine ; while frame; he wished all parties well, but with the toils candidate, whom he thus describes :-“He is very a cane is ever in his hand, to support his steps from and struggles of the busy world he had no longer any young, genteel, and handsome. He has a pair of very place to place. The alteration is great and surprising. concern." The candidates for the popedom beheld good eyes in his head, which not being sufficient, as You know him to be considerably under thirty, and and pitied their poor colleague, and, each of them be- it should seem, for the many nice and difficult pur- you would declare his looks to be those of a man of ing afraid at that particular moment of the issue of a poses of a senator, he has a third also, which he wears five-and-forty. “Hard work,” you may be disposed to contest, they adopted the idea, probably upon a hint suspended by a ribbon from his button-hole.” But say, “must that of a surgeon be.” But you are on a given, that it would be the safest plan for both to though this may be an explanation of the custom, as wrong scent entirely. The young doctor is as vigorous push the infirm cardinal for the time into the chair. true as it is ingenious, in the case of senators, every as ever, and, if you saw him sit down to a book, after He was, they thought, too much debilitated to per- eye-malingerer is not an M.P., and our first solution entering his own snug apartment, you would see him form its duties without aid ; they would govern for of the matter, we imagine, is the more generally cor toss his venerable spectacles aside, being able to see a him, and he would not be long in their way. Ac-rect one. The depreciatory phrase "rude health”- vast deal better without than with them. If you cordingly, when the popedom became vacant, the as if in the extremest good health there could be any possessed his confidence, you would hear him laugh cardinal was made Sextus V. But what was the thing rude !-indicates the feeling which leads some heartily as he detailed his various maneuvres for surprise and dismay of the two candidates, when they people to despise the vulgar blessing of good eyes, and simulating age and infirmities. The cause of all this beheld the new pope arise from his couch, cast away support the optician.
is plain. Nobody, he found, would believe that so all signs of debility, and stride to his coronation with It is true that there are peculiar advantages in the young-looking a man had acquired any medical knowa vigorous and stately step, that spoke of years to plea of weak sight, and the use of eye-glasses. What a ledge, or would intrust the care of their bodies to come of health and strength! They had been out- charming latitudo young ladies and gentlemen, with him. The ladies, above all
, he found difficult to sawitted, and had nothing for it but to succumb to the eye-glasses and spectacles, allow themselves, as re tisfy on this point. Age, then, being the only qualisway which they had brought upon themselves, and gards staring and the cutting of acquaintances, either fication he wanted, he thought it a pity if so many which proved of the firmest order, and far more out of doors or at assemblies and parties ! If any in- others, acquired with vast labour and expense, should durable than they had been led to anticipate. + dividual, unspectacled or unglassed, were to fix his go for nothing, and resolved that, since they would
The reader will now, we apprehend, be fully aware eye upon a fair neighbour, in the downright persever have him old, why, he would just be old, to the best of the value and importance of a little timely infir- | ing way in which every young gentleman, provided of his ability, accordingly. mity. One can easily suppose that, if a minister were with such appendages, thinks himself entitled to do in No one who has had the pleasure of being unwell in beginning to decline in the favour of his sovereign, a the boxes of the theatre, a challenge or a knock-down early life-when mammas and aunts were incessantly few days' confinement with some severe malady might from the protector of the fair one stared at would be haunting his bed-room with coddlements and delicacies give him such a claim upon the sympathy of his mas the certain consequence. But the all-excusing glasses of all kinds-can be at a loss to divine why people at * “ Malingering-a term applied to the simulation of diseases
protect the malingerer from any such troublesome a maturer period of life like so much to be a little by soldiers, with a view to avoiding duty, or obtaining their dis.
results. Then, again, look at that young lady with indisposed, or even a little lame. We have known a charge."—Dictionary of Modern Terms.
the eye-glass. How coolly she turns her eye upon an young gentleman walk about with his arm in a sling Sextus V. reigned five years, namely from 1585 to 1590. almost immediate neighbour of her own sex, and I for weeks after all the genuine consequences of his
IDENTITY OF THE COMPOSITION OF COAL WITH THAT
OF VEGETABLE MATTER.
HORAINS OF SWITZERLAND.
accident had vanished, and only part with the dear
PROFESSOR AGASSIZ'S ACCOUNT OF THE GLACIERS AND ensign of infirmity with the greatest reluctance. We have known young ladies“ keep their sofas” for months,
The Association had committed to Mr Johnston, No communication to the Geological Section at in a style of languor and paleness no doubt most effective upon their beaux, all through that severe cold the clever young professor of chemistry in the Dur-tracted greater attention than an address which Pro
fessor Agassiz of Neufchatel delivered,* respecting the which lasted, in a genuine state, only about eight ham University, the duty of drawing up a report on glaciers of Switzerland. He particularly drew attendays. We reverence age ; but yet it is to be feared the application of that science to geology. Mr John- tention to facts relative to the manner in which the that the pleasure of being attended to by grand-chil-ston now brought forward the result of his inves- glaciers more. He attributes their movement to the dren, of having great chairs wheeled about for one, tigations respecting coal. He finds that all kinds of continual introduction of water into all their minutest chairs, and neat spindle-shanked tables put down by coal are composed of precisely the same elementary sub- fissures, which water, in freezing, continually expands their side for tea or book, beside the evening fire, is stances as wood, only combined in different proportions. nication drawn up under his own eye : -" The bases too tempting for elderly flesh and blood, and keeps These elements are carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. of the glaciers, and the sides of the valleys which conmany a worthy old gentleman far longer ill than he In lignite, the nearest approach to the original wood, tain them, are always polished and scratched. The has any need to be.
to 160 parts carbon, there are 78 hydrogen and fragments of the rocks that fall upon the glaciers are Malingering, indeed, is obviously too ready a means of securing a dawdling sort of sympathy and atten- oxygen. In the Newcastle caking coal, there are, to accumulated in longitudinal ridges on the sides of the tion, as well as of staving off the consequences of error, 160 parts carbon, 56 hydrogen and 8 oxygen. In the middle and lateral masses
. The result is longitudinal not to have been extensively made use of by mankind. Welsh anthracite, again, in which all external appear- deposits of stony detritus, which are called morains ; The very child of three years, when conscious of hav- ances of the vegetable origin are lost, and which is but as the glaciers are continually pressed forwards, ing done something calling
for reproof, will drawl out, only a dry hard black mass, to 160 parts carbon, there and often in hot summers melted back at their lower lating that mamma can never be so cruel as speak se are 33 hydrogen and 3 oxygen. The kinds of coal in extremity, it results that the polished surfaces, occaverely to a babe in his alleged circumstances. Just which there are greatest proportions of hydrogen, the uncovered, and that the morains, or curvilinear ridges
sioned by friction on the bottom and sides, are left the other day, we observed in an American newspaper element which gives flame—as, for instance, the cannel of gravel, remain upon the rocks formerly covered by that the feelings of the people of Baltimore had re- coal-are always found uppermost, the longer chemical the ice, so that we can discover, by the polished surcently been moved by seeing a mercer's shop suddenly action and pressure having apparently caused the faces and the morains, the extent to which the glaciers had extended credit to the party, called at his resi- cite, which has least hydrogen, is always lowest. Mr to "result from the facts mentioned by Professor knob of the door. At length some who knew and lower beds to lose more of their hydrogen. Anthra- have heretofore existed, much beyond the limits they dence, and found that he had gone no one knew Johnston, at the end of his report, announced his Agassiz, that enormous masses of ice have, at a former whither. The door was then opened, and the shop opinion that the matter of coal had in most in- period, covered the great valley of Switzerland, tofound to have been stripped of every article of " dry goods” except that magical piece of crape, which had stances been produced on the spot, and not drifted, as gether with the whole chain of the Jura, the sides of sentinelled the door to such good purpose. IIere was some geologists have supposed – an opinion for which, which, facing the Alps, are also polished, and interthe same principle at work. Most creditors will ac- notwithstanding Professor Philips's objections, we boulders in the morains, but so far different, that the
spersed with angular erratic rocks, resembling the knowledge that they have found nothing so apt to baffle think the evidence greatly preponderates. Dr Buck- masses of ice, not being there confined between two them in their endeavours to obtain payment of debt in land paid Mr Johnston the just compliment of saying sides of a ralley, their movements were in some reillness on the part of the debtor. The course of law is that his report formed an epoch in the investigation spects different—the boulders not being connected in
continuous ridges, but dispersed singly over the Jura effectually obstructed by the course of medicine, and of the formation of coal.
at different levels. Professor Agassiz conceives that the justest claim is hushed to silence besido a sick-bed.
at a certain epoch all the north of Europe, and also Hence it is that in novels debtors are scarcely ever taken to jail except in the last stage of severe, though Dr Robb, in his paper on the river St John, stated the north of Asia and America, were covered with a rarely well-defined illness, and striking tableaux are that, along the course of that river, there were ter, malia found in the frozen mud and gravel of the
mass of ice, in which the elephants and other mamformed from the entering of the undertaker's men races one above another on the sides of the vale, and arctic regions, were imbedded at the time of their deand the sheriff's officers at the same moment. In all of them parallel. They are composed of sedimen-struction. The author thinks that when this immense any kind of contested case between man and man, he tary matter, in which fragments of rock are found. mass of ice began quickly to melt, the currents of is sure to have a great advantage over his opponent, [He was asked if shells were found, and answered, only water that resulted have transported and deposited the malady. It comes to nearly the same thing if he only a few, and these of marine kinds'; but the country, masses of irregularly rounded boulders and gravel that have some dear member of his family in the alarming from having no limestone, and from the great length fill the bottoms of the valleys ; innumerable boulders state, for that equally entitles him to sympathy, and of the winters, was, he conceived, unfavourable for the with mud and gravel, upon the masses of the glaciers
having at the same time been transported, together will probably be not less fatal to his adversary. Even formation of shells.] The terraces, he said, are dis- then set afloat. Professor Agassiz announced that to be able to make it appear that one is much older tinctly marked, and he exhibited sections of them. these facts are explained at length in the work which than his opponent, may give one some advantage. “I Similar terraces were found on other North American he has just published, 'Etudes sur les Glaciers de la am now an old man” somehow tells very affectingly, rivers, and he was inclined to consider them, as Dr Suisse, illustrated by many beautiful plates, which howerer ridiculous the postulate which it prefaces, or Darwin had done the Glenroy terraces, as beaches were laid before the Geological Section. Professor
These speculations serve to illustrate a truth of raised into their present situation by successive up been spread over Scotland, and have every where prosome importance, namely, that there is much more heavals of the land. benevolence in the world than there is conscientious
This interesting subject was further illustrated by he meant to follow up his researches in the High
duced similar results.” He concluded by saying that ness. An appeal to the feelings of mankind tells in a a paper read by Mr Smith of Jordanlıill; but, as we lands of Scotland, where
expected to moment ; an appeal to their sense of justice comes lately gave a short account of Mr Smith's speculations find evidence of such glaciers having existed, partipoorly off in comparison. One may have reason and on this subject,
we shall hero notice his statements cularly around Ben Nevis. right both upon his side in the clearest manner, and very briefly. Of the superficial beds in the neighyet, if the opposite party can only work a little on bourhood of Glasgow, the uppermost is a sand ; next [It may here be remarked that Professor Jameson, the public pity, his pleadings will be all in vain. is a brick clay, interlaminated with sand, containing some years ago, published an account of morains
marine shells; then, the hard blue clay called in which he had discovered in Norway, in districts
Scotland the till. There were evidences of all of where no glaciers are now to be seen. Mr Darwin MEETING OF THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION these being
formed after the tertiary period, or period more lately found glaciers reaching down to the level AT GLASGOW.
of the highest rocks. Between these and the sand of the sea on the coast of Chili, in latitude 46', that SECTION OF GEOLOGY AND PHYSICAL GEOLOGY. stons, there were three other beds of sand. In some is, eleven degrees nearer the equator than Ben Nevis. THE Geological Section, as formerly remarked, was
of these beds, forty feet above the present sea-level
, These particulars will form a suitable preface to the attended on this occasion by almost all the first-rate great quantities of sea-shells were found, containing following letter which Professor Agassiz addressed to men connected with the science-Buckland, Lyell, De was most remarkable, the shells in some of these
beds of October, after he had visited Glenroy and
Ben la Beche, Agassiz, Murchison, Philips, &c.-besides resembled those of shell-fish which now inhabit arctic Nevis. It was designed for publication in the Edixmany of less elevated standing, but who have already regions, seemingly showing that a much colder dimate had burgh New Philosophical Journal; but being too late proved themselves skilful investigators
. It was the at one time existed in our island. The president, Mr for the current number of that work, it was commusection which attracted uniformly the largest audi- Lyell,
expressed his belief that, both in North America nicated to the public through the medium of the ence, and was attended, we were somewhat surprised least more uniform climate. He adverted to the Ben Nevis is certainly a most interesting circumto remark, by the largest proportion of ladies. Some possible connexion of Mr Smith's discovery with the stance; but we must, with all humility, confess that papers of very great interest were read before the theory of erratic blocks. [This theory is, that the we dread some rashness in the learned professor's section ; and to the best of these we now propose beds of rock, have been transported in seas to their perfect levelness and parallelism of which
seem to us large detached stones now found far from their native conclusion respecting the terraces of Glenroy, the devoting some attention.
present situation, attached to icebergs, from
which they irreconcilable with the idea of their having been BACKWARD CASCADES OF THE RIVER ST JOHN. had been dropped, the bottom of the sea on which laid by any thing but quiescent water :-“ After harSome remarkable features of the river St John in they fell being afterwards raised so as to become dry ing obtained in Switzerland the most conclusive New Brunswick were explained by Dr James Robb." land.] Mr De la Beche said he had been struck by proofs that at a former period the glaciers were of
Mr Smith's statement that the beds in which the much greater extent than at present, nay, that they The St John is of the size of the first-class European shells
were forty feet above the present had covered the whole country, and had transported rivers. Draining a large region, it discharges
a pro- level of the sea ; and he asked if this was about the the erratic blocks to the places where these are digious quantity of water into the Bay of Fundy, maximum height. Mr Smith answered that it was now found, it was my wish to examine a country especially during the spring floods, when the tides rise nearly so ; when Mr De la Beche remarked that forty where glaciers are no longer met with, but in which to the height of 35, 50, and even sometimes 60 feet feet was also the maximum of the elevation of a raised they might formerly have existed. I therefore diabove the ordinary level. The river being ten miles in the gentlemen of the Ordnance Survey. It was, he arrived in Glasgow, when I found remote traces of
beach in Cornwall, Devonshire, &c, as ascertained by rected my attention to Scotland, and had searcely breadth, but in several places contracted into narrow said, a remarkable coincidence, and would seem to the action of glaciers; and the nearer I approached channels, at one place into a strait of 300 feet, a show that a change in the level of the sea and land the high mountain chains, these became more distinct, strange phenomenon arises , namely, that on the had takon place over a large area. We believe, Mr until, at the foot of Ben Nevis
, and in the principal coming back of the tide, it pours through these chan- De la Beche might have said the whole island of Great valleys, I discovered the most distinct norains and nels into the wide spaces beyond, in the form of mag- is found in the north of Scotland, as well as in the Swiss Alps, in the region of existing glaciers; so that
Britain, as a raised beach of about the same height polished rocky surfaces, just as in the valleys of the nificent cascades. Thus, the St John may be said to Firths of Forth and Clyde, and in the southernmost the existence of glaciers in Scotland at early periods have waterfalls going backwards, or against the direc- extremity of England.]
can no longer be doubted. The parallel roads of tion of the river.
Glenroy are intimately connected with this former * See a paper en Changes of Level in the Earth's Surface, in * Thursday, September 17. No. 497, published on the 4th of April 1840.
* Tuesday, September 2
occurrence of glaciers, and have been caused by a or other would buy her to break up, though, except the
The whole of the following day was passed by me in a glacier from Ben Nevis. The phenomenon must have copper fastenings, there was little of any value about her, state of feverish excitement which I cannot describe ; been precisely analogous to the glacier-lakes of the Now, the moment I saw the two figures stop short and this strange adventure breaking in so suddenly upon the Tyrol, and to the event that took place in the valley point to her, I said to myself, Ah! my old girl, so they dull monotony of my daily existence, had so aroused and of Bagne. It appeared to me that you would be glad won't even let the blue water finish you, but they must stimulated me, that I could neither rest nor eat. How to be able to announce, for the first time, in your set their carpenters and dock-yard people to work upon I longed for night to come !--for sometimes, as the day extensively-read journal , the intelligence of the dis- con if This thought
me more and more. Had wore later, I began to fear that the whole scene of my
a stiff sou-wester laid' her over, I should have felt it was meeting with the admiral had been merely some excited covery of so important a geological fact.”]
natural, for her sand was run out : but just as this passed dream of a tortured and fretted mind; and as I stood
through my mind, I heard a voice from one of the per- examining the ground where I believed the interview to THE SKIPPER'S STORY.*
sons that I at once knew to be the port admiral's. have occurred, I endeavoured to recall the position of
"Well, Dawkins," said he to the other, “ if you think different objects as they stood around, to corroborate It's about four years ago, I was strolling one evening sho'll hold together, I'm sure I've no objection: I don't my own failing remembrance.
At last the evening closed in ; but, unlike the predown the side of the harbour at Cove, with my hands like the job, I confess, but still the adiniralty must be
ceding one, the sky was covered with masses of dark and in my pockets, having nothing to do, nor no prospect obeyed." of it, for my last ship had been wrecked off the Ber- "Oh, my lord,” said the other, “ she's the very thing; watery cloud, that drifted hurriedly across; the air felt mudas, and nearly all the crew lost ; and somehow, she's a rakish-looking craft, and will
do admirably; any heavy and thick, and unnaturally still and calm ; the when a man is in misfortune, the underwriters won't repair we want, a few days will effect : secrecy is the water of the harbour looked of a dull leaden hue, and all
the vessels seemed larger than they were, and stood out have him at no price. Well
, there I was looking about great thing." me, at the craft that lay on every side waiting for a
“Yes,” said the admiral, after a pause, “ as you ob- from the landscape more clearly than usual ; now and
then a low rumbling noise was heard, somewhat alike in fair wind to run down Channel. All was active and served, secrecy is the great thing."
Ho! ho! thought I, there's something in the wind sound, but far too faint, for distant thunder; while, busy ; every one getting his vessel ship-shape and here ; so I layed myself ont upon the anchor stock to occasionally, the boats and smaller craft rocked to and tidy, tarring, painting, mending sails, stretching new listen better unobserved. “We must find a crew for fro, as though some ground swell stirred them without bunting, and getting
in sea-store ; boats were plying her, give her a few carronades, make her as ship-shape as breaking the languid surface of the sea above. on every side, signals flying, guns firing from the menwe can, and if the skipper-ay, but there is the real diffi
A few drops of thick heavy rain fell just as the darkof-war, and every thing was lively as might be all culty," said the admiral hastily, “ where are we to find I sat upon the anchor-stock, my eyes fixed upon the Old
ness came on, and then all felt still and calm as before. but me. There I was, like an old water-logged timber. the fellow that will suit us? we can't every day find a ship, never moving a spar, but looking for all the world man willing to jeopardy himself in such a case as this, against the dark sky, and her black hull could scarcely as though I were a-settling fast to go down stern- even though the reward be a great one." foremost ; maybe as how I had no objection to that “Very true, my lord; but I don't think there is any be distinguished from the water beneath. I felt that I same ; but that's neither here nor there. Well, I sat necessity for our explaining to him the exact nature of was looking
towards her ; for long after I had lost sight down on the fluke of an anchor, and began a-thinking the service."
of the tall mast and high-pitched bowsprit, I feared to if it wasn't better to go before the mast than to live lead a poor fellow into such a scrape blind-folded ?
“Come, come, Dawkins, you can't mean that you'll turn away my head, lest I should lose the place where
she lay. on that way. Just before me, where I sat down, there
The time went slowly on, and although in reality I had was an old schooner that lay moored in the same scoundrels in the fleet here fit for nothing else. Any not been long there, I felt as if years themselves had place, for as long as I could remember ; she was there fellow who has been thrice up for punishment in six passed over my head. Since I had come there, my mind when I was a boy, and never looked a bit the fresher months, we'll draft on board of her; the fellows who brooded over all the misfortunes of my life as I connor newer as long as I recollected; her old bluff bows, have only been once to the gangway, we'll make the with the sad reality, my heart grew heavy, and my chest her high poop, her round stern, her flush deck, all officers.” Dutch like, I knew them well, and many a time I A pleasant ship's company, though I, if the devil heaved painfully ; so sunk was I in my reflection, so lost delighted to think what queer kind of a chap he was would only take the command.' Ho, ho ! thought I, I've in thought, that I never knew that the storm had broken that first set her on the stocks, and pondered in what found you out at last ; so this is a secret expedition ; I loose, and
that the heavy rain was falling in torrents. trade she ever
could have been. All the sailors about see it all; they're fitting her ont as a fire-ship, and going it pattered upon it, while the low wailing cry of the seathe port used to call her Noah's Ark, and swear she to send her slap in among the French fleet at Brest. gull, mingled with the deep growl of far-off thunder, tol 1 was the identical craft that he stowed away all the Well, thought I, even that's better; that, at least, is a wild beasts in during the rainy season. Be that as it glorious end, thongh the poor fellows have no chance of that the night was a fearful one for those at sea. 'Wet
through and shivering, I sat still, now listening, amid the might, since I fell into misfortune I got to feel a liking
escape. for the old schooner. She was like an old friend ; she look out for the fellow to take the command; he must for any footstep to approach, and now, relapsing back
"Now, then," said the admiral, “ to-morrow you'll noise of the hurricane and the creaking of the cordage, never changed to me, fair weather or foul ; there she be a smart seaman, a bold fellow, too, otherwise the into a half-despairing dread that my heated brain alone was, just the same as thirty years before, when all the ruffianly crew will be too much for him; he may bid had conjured up the scene of the day
before. Such world were forgetting and steering wide away from high, we'll come to his price."
were my dreary reflections, when a loud crash aboard the me. Every morning I used to go down to the har- So you may, thought I, when you are buying his life.
schooner told me that some old spar had given way. I bour and have a look at her, just to see that all was “ I hope sincerely," continued the admiral, “that we
strained my eyes through the dark to see what had hapright, and nothing stirred ; and if it blew very hard may light upon some one without wife or child; I could pened, but in vain; the black vapour, thick with falling
rain, obscured everything, and all was hid from view. I at night, I'd get up and go down to look how she never forgive myself" — weathered it, just as if I was at sea in her. Now and “ Never fear, my lord," said the other ;“ my care shall could hear that she worked violently as the waves beat then I'd get some of the watermen to row me aboard be to pitch upon one whose loss no one would feel ; some against her worn sides, and that her iron cable creaked of her, and leave me there for a few hours, when I one without friend or home, who, setting his life for mentarily increasing, and I began to fear lest I should
as she pitched to the breaking sea. The wind was moused to be quite happy walking the deck, holding the boundat, dans les for the gain than the very recklessness have taken my last look at the old craft
, when my atold worm-eaten wheel, looking out ahead, and going down below, just as though I was in command of her. stock, and leaping between them;" I'm that man."
"That's me,” said I, springing up from the anchor-tention was called off by hearing a loud voice cry out
“Halloo there! Where are you?" Day after day, this habit grew on me, and at last my Had the very devil himself appeared at the moment, 1
Ay, ay, sir, I'm here.” In a moment the admiral and whole life was spent in watching her and looking after doubt if they would liave been more scared. The ad his friend were beside
me. her : there was something so much alike in our for- miral started a pace or two backwards, while Dawkins,
“What a night !” exclaimed the admiral, as he shook tunes, that I always thought of her. Like myself, the first surprise over, seized me by the collar, and held the rain from the heavy boat cloak, and cowered in be she had had her day of life and activity; we had both me fast.
neath some tall block of granite near. “ I began half to braved the storm and the breeze ; her shattered bul. Who are you, scoundrel, and what brings you here »» hope that might not have been my poor fellow," said the
admiral; “it's a dreadful time for one so poorly clad for warks and worn cut-water attested that she had, like said he, his voice
hoarse with passion. myself, not escaped her calamities. We both had
“ I'm Old Noah," said I; for, somehow, I had been
a storm; I say, Dawkins, let him have a puli at your survived our dangers to be neglected and forgotten, called by no other name for so long, I never thought of task.” The brandy rallied
me a little, and I felt that
it cheered my drooping courage. and to lie rotting on the stream of life till the crumbling hand of time should break us up timber by what were you doing down here at this time of night?" * Noah !" said the admiral ; " Noah! Well, but Noah, ley," said the admiral ;**
so that we must even make short
“ This is not a time, nor is it a place, for much par timber. Is it any wonder if I loved the old craft'; or if, by any chance, the idle boys would venture as I took off my hat.
"I was a-watching the Ark, my lord," said I, bowing, work of it. Since we met here last night, I have satisfied
myself that you are to be trusted, that your character aboard of her to play and amuse themselves, that I " I've heard of this fellow before, my lord,” said Daw- and reputation have nothing heavier against them than hallooed them away, or, when a newly-arrived ship, kins; “ he's a poor lunatic that is always wandering about misfortune, which certainly, if I have been rightly innot caring for the old boat, would run foul of her, and the harbour, and, I believe, has no harm in him."
formed, has been largely dealt out to you. Now, then, carry away some spar or piece of running rigging, I would suddenly call out to them to sheer off, and not tune and calamity I have had enough of to make me 80 ;
“My lord,” said I, boldly, “ I am not mad. Misfor I am willing to accept of your offer of service, if you are
still of the same mind as when you made it; and if you damage us. By degrees, they came all to notice this ; but, thank God, my brain has been tougher than my
are willing to undertake what we have to do, without and I found that they thought me out of my senses, poor heart. I was once the part owner and commander any question and inquiry as to points on which we must and many a trick was played off upon Old Noah, for of a goodly craft, that swept the sea, if not with a broad not and dare not inform you. This is the plan : as soon that was the name the sailors gave me. pennon at her mast-head, with as light a spirit as ever if she be not worth it, you will sail from this port with
as that old craft can be got ready for sea, or some other, Well, this evening, as I was saying, I sat upon the lived beneath one. I was rich; I had a home and a fluke of the anchor, waiting for a chance boat to put me
child : am now poor, houseless, childless, friendless, a strong crew, well armed and supplied with ammunition. aboard. It was past sunset, the tide was ebbing, and and outcast. If, in my solitary wretchedness, I have Your destination is Malta; your object to deliver to the the old craft was surging to the fast current that ran by loved to look upon that old
bark, it is because its fortune admiral stationed there the dispatches with which you with a short impatient jerk, as though she were weit seemed like my own. It had outlived all that needed will be intrusted; they contain information of immense weary, and wished to be at rest : her loose back-stays or cared for it ; for this reason have they thought me importance, which, for certain reasons, cannot
be sent creaked mournfully, and, as she yawed over, the sea ran mad, though there are those, and not few either, who can
through a ship of war, but must be forwarded by a vesfrom many a breach in her worn sides, like blood trickling well bear testimony if stain or reproach lie at my door, sel that may not attract particular notice. If you be from a wound. Ay, ay, thought I, the hour is not far and if I can be reproached with aught save bad luck. i attacked, your orders are to resist ; if you be taken, on off another stiftgale, and all that remains of you will know you are fitting out
a secret expedition ; I know its scarcely escape re-capture from our frigates, and it is of
no account destroy the papers, for the French vessel can very heavy as I thought of this, for, in my loneliness, the dangers, its inevitable dangers ; and I here offer myself great consequence these papers should remain. Such is Old Ark was all the companion I had. I've heard of to lead it; I ask no reward; I look for no price. Alas!
a brief sketch of our plan; the details can be made a poor prisoner who, for many and many years, watched who is left to me for whom I could labour now? Give known to you hereafter.” a spider that wove his web within his window, and never
me but the opportunity to end my days with honour on "I am quite ready, my lord: I ask for no terms; I lost sight of him
from morning till night ; and, somehow, board the old craft where my heart still clings: give me make no stipulations. If the result be favourable, it will I can believe it well; the heart will cling to something, but that. Well, if you will not do so much, let me serve be time enough to speak of that. When am I to sail ?” and, if it has no living object to press to, it will find a among the crew; put me before the mast. My lord, lifeless one: it can no more stand alone than the shrouds you'll not refuse this; it is an old man asks, one whose I do not shorten sail here to tell you what reports can without the mast. The evening wore on, as I was grey hairs have floated many a year before the breeze." were circulated about Cove, as to my extraordinary thinking thus; the moon shone out, but no boat came;
My poor fellow, you know not what you ask; this is change in circumstances, nor how I bore my altered for and I was just determining to go home again for the no common ease of danger."
tunes. It is enough that I say, that in less than threo night, when I saw two men standing on the steps of the
“ I know it all, my lord ; I have heard it all.”
weeks I weighed anchor, and stood out to sea one beauwharf below me, and looking straight at the Ark. Now, “We," said the admiral, “must speak together again. tiful morning in autumn, and set out upon my expe. I must tell you I always felt uneasy when any one came Be here to-morrow night at this hour; keep your own
dition. to look at her, for I began to fear that some ship-owner counsel of what has passed; and, now, good night.". So saying, the admiral took Dawkins by the armi, and re
I have already told you something of the craft. Let
me complete the picture by informing you that, beforo * This portion of a very clever and amusing book, “Charles turned slowly towards the town, leaving me, where I twenty-four hours passed over, I discovered that so unO'Malley," is reprinted here, with the permission of the pub- stood, meditating on this singular meeting and its pos- gainly, so awkward, so unmanageable a vessel, never was Ishers, Messrs W. Curry, Jun. and Co., of Dublin. sible consequences.
pat to sea : in light winds she scarcely stirrcd, or moved
as if she were water-logged; if it came to blow upon the the boarding party drawn up, when the Frenchman poetry to our prosc. The following little piece is quarter, she fell off from her helm at a fearful rate; in broached to and lashed his bowsprit to our own. from one of his books of “ Harmonies, Poetical and wearing, she endangered every spar she had ; and when One terrific yell rose from our fellows as they sprang Religious :"you put her in stays, when half round she would fall from the rigging and the poop upon the astonished
TO THE NIGHTINGALE. back, and nearly carry away every stitch of canvass with Frenchmen, who thought the victory was already their the shock. If the ship was bad, the crew were ten times own; with death and ruin behind, their only hope before,
What time thy heavenly voice preludes
Unto the fair and silent night, worse. What Dawkins said turned out to be literally they dashed forward like madmen to the fray.
Wing'd minstrel of my solitudes, true: every ill-condueted, disorderly fellow, who had The conflict was a bloody and terrific, though not a long
Unknown to thee I trace its flight. been up the gangway once a week or so-every unre- one ; nearly equal in number, but far superior in personal
Thou knowest not that one remains claimed landsman, of bad character and no seamanship-strength, and stimulated by their sense of danger, our
Beneath the trees hour after hour, was sent on board of us; and, in fact, except that there fellows rushed onward, carrying all before them, to the
Whose ear drinks in thy wondrous strains, was scarcely any discipline and no restraint, we appeared quarter-deck. Here the Frenchmen rallied, and, for some
Intoxicated by their power ; like a floating penitentiary of convicted felons. minutes had rather the advantage, until the mate, turning
Nor that the while a breath of air So long as we ran down the Channel, with a slack sea one of their guns against them, prepared to sweep them
Escapes but from my lips with grief; and fair wind, so long all went on tolerably well; to be down in a mass. Then it was that they ceased their tire, And that my foot avoids with care sure, they only kept watch when they tired below, and and cried out for quarter. All, save their captain, a short
The rustling of a single leaf; reeled about the deck, went down below, and all just as thick-set fellow, with a grisly beard and moustache, who,
Thou deemest not that one, whose art they pleased, and treated me with no manner of respect. seeing his men fall back, turned on them one glance of
Is like thine own, but known to day, After some vain efforts to repress their excesses-vain, scowling indignation, and rushing forward, clove our
Repeats and envies in his heart for I had no one to second me-I appeared to take no boatswain to the deck with one blow. Before the example
Thy forest-born nocturnal ly! notice of their misconduct, and contented myself with could have been followed, he lay a bloody corpse upon
If but the star of night reclines
Upon the hills thy song to hear, waiting for the time when, my dreary voyage over, I the deck, while our people, roused to madness by the loss
Amid the branches of the pines should quit the command, and part company with such of a favourite among the men, dashed impetuously for
Thou couchest from the ray in fear. associates for ever. At last, however, it came on to blow, ward, and, dealing death on every side, left not one man
Or if the rivulet, which chides and the night we passed the Lizzard was indeed a fear- living among their unresisting enemies. My story is soon
The stone that in its way doth come, ful one. As morning broke, a sea running mountains told now. We brought our prize safe into Malta, which
Should speak from 'neath its messy sides, high—a wind, strong from the north-west-was hurrying we reached in five days. In less than a week our men
The sound affrights and strikes thee durub! the old craft along at a rate I believed impossible. I shall were drafted into different men-of-war on the station.
Thy voice, so touching and sublime, not stop to recount the frightful scenes of anarchy, con- I was appointed a warrant-officer in the Sheerwater,
Is far too pure for this gross earth : fusion, drunkenness, and insubordination, which our crew forty-four guns ; and as the admiral opened the dispatch,
Surely we well may deem the chimne exhibited; the recollection is too bad already, and I the only words he spoke puzzled me for many a day after.
An instinct which with God has birth! would spare you and myself the recital ; but, on the “ You have accomplished your orders too well,” said
Thy warblings and thy murmurs sweet fourth day from the setting in of the gale, as we entered he; “ that French privateer is but a poor compensation
Into melodious union bring
All fair sounds that in nature incet, the Bay of Biscay, some one aloft descried a strange sail for the whole French navy." to windward, bearing down as if in pursuit of us. Many years afterwards I found that our dispatches
Or float from heaven on wandering wing. Scarcely did the news reach the deck, when, bad as it were false ones; intended to have fallen into the hands
Thy voice, though thou may'st know it not, was before, matters became now ten times worse, some of the French, and mislead them as to Lord Nelson's fleet,
Is but the voice of the blue sky
Or forest glade, and sounding grot, resolving to give themselves up, if the chase happened to which at that time was cruising to the southward to
And vale where sleeping shadows lic; be French, and vowing that, before surrendering, the catch them. This, of course, explained what fate was
It blends the tones wlieh it receives spirit-room should be forced, and every man let drink as destined for us ; a French prison, if not death ; and, after
From prattlings of the summer rills, he pleased. Others proposed, if there were any thing all, either was fully good enough for the crew that sailed
From trembling rustlings of the leares, like equality in the force, to attack and convert the cap- in the old schooner.
From echoes dying on the hills; tured vessel, if they succeeded, into a slaver, and sail at
From waters filtering drop by drop once for Africa. Some were for blowing up the old
Down naked crag to basin coel, schooner with all on board ; and, in fact, every counsel
POETRY OF FRANCE.
Aud sounding ever, without stop, that drunkenness, insanity, and crime combined, could
While wrinkling all the rock-arch'd pool; suggest, was offered and descanted on. Meanwhile, the
From the rich broeze-born plaints that flow chase gained rapidly upon us, and before noon we' dis- | ALPHONSE DE LAMARTINE is a poet of a very different
From out the branchy night of trecs; covered her to be a French letter of marque, with four stamp from Pierre Jean de Beranger, and of a genius From whispering reeds, and waves that go
To die upon the shores of seas; guns, and a long brass swivel upon the poop-deck. As for much less decidedly national, or at least less akin to us, every sheet of canvass we could crowd was crammed that which characterises the past poetical literature Of these sweet voices, which contain
The instinct that instructeth thee, on, but in vain ; and, as we laboured through the heavy of France. Perhaps it would be more correct to say
God made, oh nightingale, the strain sea, our riotous crew grew every moment worse, and that the genius of Lamartine is truly national, but
Thou givest unto night and me! sitting down sulkily in groups upon the deck, declared that his poetical tendencies and powers have been Ah! these so soft nocturnal scenes, that, come what might, they would neither work the modified by, and moulded upon, models very unlike
These pious mysteries of the eve, ship nor fight her; that they had been sent to sea in a
afforded by his own country cither in old or And these fair flowers, of which each leans rotten craft, merely to effect their destruction ; and that recent times. The poetical luminaries of modern
Above its urn, and seems to griove; they cared little for the disgrace of a flag they detested. England, and more especially Wordsworth and Byron,
These leaves on which the dew-tears lie, Half furious with the taunting sarcasmn I heard on every
These freshest breathings of the treesside, and nearly mad from passion, and bewildered, my himself, and the result has been a marked .comare the high exemplars which Lamartine has set before
All things, oh Nature, loudly cry,
“ A voice must be for sweets like theso !" cutlass, and, ere I fell their victim, take heavy vengeance mingling of the spirit and tone of these two bards in his
And that mysterious voice-that sound, upon the ringleaders, when suddenly a sharp booming compositions. The latter are as pure as the writings
Which angels listen to with me, noise came thundering along, and a round shot went of Wordsworth as regards moral and religious sen- That sigh of pious night-is found flying over our heads. timents; but the temperament of the French poet
In thee, melodious bird, in thee! * Down with the ensign!-strike at once!” cried eight was ardent and impassioned as that of Byron, and This piece forms a very fair specimen of the poetry or ten voices together, as the ball whizzed through the hence the calm and philosophic gravity of the great of Lamartine. There may be a want of the tangible rigging. Anticipating this, and resolving, whatever might Lake poet will be looked for in vain in the productions and substantial about it, but, in place of these qualihappen, to fight her to the last, I had ordered the mate, of the continental bard. In a word, Lamartine is ties, there is a fine dreamy beauty, both of sentiment a stanch-hearted resolute fellow, to make fast the signal something of a religious Byron. But, though we rank and imagery, and much eloquence of language. At sailyard aloft, so that it was impossible for any one on the French poet highly, we would by no means place some future time we shall return to Lamartine. In deck to lower the bunting. Bang
went another gun, and, him beside either of his English contemporaries in the mean time, one or two pieces by other French before the smoke cleared away, a third, which, truer in its aim than the rest, went cleau through the lower part
point of real poetical merit. His writings are beau- authors lie before us, which may perhaps please our of our mainsail.
tiful and highly imaginative, but their excellence is readers. Alfred de Vigny is one of the cleverest .“ Steady, then, boys, and clear for action,” said the
marred by diffuseness—by a want of condensed power novel writers of modern l'rance, and he has also com. mate. “She's a French smuggling craft, that will sheer both in thought and language.
posed some most beautiful poetry, The subjoined off when we show fight, so that we must not fire a shot
These observations will introduce to our readers a lyric, which we select merely because it is at hand, till she comes alongside.".
brief specimen of Lamartine, being the opening of a being quoted in a very able notice of the writer in the " And harkee, lads," said I, taking up the tone of en- long poem addressed
to Byron, who was then
in life. Westminster Review, seems to us very spirited, though couragement he spoke with, “if we take her, I promise It will be seen how deeply the strangely-mingled to claim nothing of the prize. Whatever we capture, qualities of the English poet had impressed the mind marine tendencies displayed in it. These are perhaps
we mean not to record any approval of the ultrayou shall divide amongst yourselves.”
of the French writer : " It's very easy to divide whatever we never had," said
allowable, however, in the case of a sca-rover addressone. “ Nearly as easy as to give it,” cried another.
Thou, whose true name not yet mankind have glean'd, ing the lady of his love. “I'll never light match or draw cutlass in the cause,”
Mysterious spirit, angel, man, or fiend !
SERENADE. said a third.
Byron, I love thy wild strange music still“ Surrender !"_" Strike the flag !"_“ Down with the More than the roar of winds, or thunder's voice,
Come and fear not, gentle onc,
Come o'er the sea ;
Portionless and all alone,
Come thou with me.
See ! how gaily in the sun perceptible, about twenty bronzed stout-looking fellows, By winter blanch'd, and scarr'd by lightning-shocks;
My pennons fiy stripped to the waist, and carrying pistols in broad flat Shores strewn with shipwrecks by the angry flood,
Over mast, and sail, and gun! belts slung over the shoulder. Or fie!ds by war all blacken'd o'er with blood;
"Tis a shell-yet, peer'd by nonc, “ Come, my lads," said I, raising my voice, as I drew And, whilst the gentler bird that sings and grieves,
King there am I. a pistol from my side and cocked it, * our time is short Builds upon flowery banks its nest of leaves,
Land was made but for the slave, He of Mount Athos spurns the awful crown, now; I may as well tell you that the first shot that
Fair love of mine! And hangs his eyrie where abysses frown; strikes us amidship blows up the whole craft, and every
But the free, the bright, the brave, man on board. We are nothing less than a fireship, des
And there, alope, engirt by quivering limbs,
Theirs is the brine. tined for Brest harbour to blow up the French fleet. If Joying in cries from many victims sent,
Mystic stores its waters have you are willing to make an effort for your lives, follow Rock'd by the storm, he sleeps in fierce content!
Of joy and glee;
Every murmur from its waro
Speaks of love, and chants a stave The men looked aghast. Whatever recklessness crimo This terrible comparison refers, it will be under
Of liberty! and drunkenness had given them, the awful feeling of stood, to the wild and mocking way in which, in his inevitable death at once repelled. Short as was the time later days, Byron allowed himself to speak of the
Our old friend Beranger treats a similar subject in for refleetion, they felt that there were many circum- virtues and failings of man,
and, indeed, of all that a strain more to our taste. With his usual skill in stances to encourage the assertion, the nature of the involved
his best interests. Lamartine, in the
sequel, effecting such infusions, he makes the following verses vessel, her riotous, disorderly crew, the secret nature of endeavours to reason Byron into submissive resignation to Adèle the vehicle, as the reader will see, of sentishout of despairing vengeance, “ We'll board her ; lead to the decrees of Heaven-an attempt which at least ments, not very original, perhaps, but manly, clieorus on.” As the cry rose up, the long swivel from the shows the earnest nature of Lamartine’s own mind. ful, and free-spirited. In one sense, Beranger nerer chase rung sharply in our ears, and a tremendous dis- The object of the address, as we find from his letters, wastes a line. Be the subject what it may, lie treats charge of grape tew through our rigging ; none of our only smiled at the other's simplicity. The French it so as to inculcate some practical truth. men, however, fell; and, animated now with the desire poet further showed his admiration of the English
BEAUCOUP D'AMOUR. for battle, they sprang to the binnacle and seized their bard by adding a canto to Childe Harold, describing the close of the real Childe's pilgrimage on earth.
Despite what wisdom's voice may say,
I fain would gather heaps of ore, In an instant the whole deck became a scene of excited Enough of this subject, however. Our readers will
And at my true-love's feet would lay, bustle ; and scarcely was the ammunition dealt out, and I doubtless prefer another specimen of Lamartine's
With pleased haste, the golden stora
Then daily would I satisfy
vestige of the cantharides remains behind, to excite who walk with a boot having a heel of corresponding Each lightest wish, Adéle, of thine :
strangury or cause a continuance of pain. The differ- height. Now, this affection is caused by extreme No jot of avarice have I,
ence between the two processes, we repeat, is great as shortness of the thick tendon running for some inches But boundless is this love of mine.
regards efficacy, neatness, cleanliness, and ease of above the heel (called tendo Achillis); and if this To make immortal my Adele, Were I with powers of song inspired,
management; and the perfect unity, also, of the tendon be cut through, two or three inches above the My verse, which still on her should dwell,
vesicle produced, is a point of superiority not less heel, just as we would a piece of rope, and if we apply Would be from age to age admired. remarkable.
any apparatus so as to bring the foot to a right angle Thus may the future's memory
It was from accidentally seeing its operation in with the leg, and lengthen the interval between the Our graven names one day entwine :
private, some time since, that our attention was called cut ends, a cure is effected. The tendon is cut with I have no wish for fame-not I, But boundless is this love of mine.
to this new vesicatory. But we have subsequently a small scythe-shaped knife, with or without a button If Providence should deign to place
learned that it has been already put to proof by a at the end of it; but the skin is left quite uncut, exMy steps upon a kingly throne,
large portion of the medical public, and found to pos- cept to the extent of a quarter of an inch, where the Adele that splendid dream should grace,
sess such superior efficacy, as renders it desirable that knife is introduced. The operation is completed in And all my rights be hers alone.
the discovery should be widely known. In addition fifteen or twenty seconds, the pain is very trifling, To please her more, I willingly
to numbers of private physicians and surgeons, the and only a few drops of blood come away. At other Would see a court around me shine : Ambition !-none of it have I,
Royal or Public Infirmaries of Edinburgh, Dundee, times we see feet twisted inwards or outwards, and But boundless is this love of mine.
Aberdeen, and other places, have used this substance the persons walking upon the side of the foot next the But why these vexing vain desires,
largely for a number of months, and it has gradually ground, the other side being one, two, or more inches Since every wish Adele doth crown!
superseded the use of the old blisters in their practice. above it. These affections generally depend upon conMore happiness true love inspires,
After employing it in several hundred cases, the me- tractions of the muscles acting upon the inner or outer Than grandeur, riches, or renown.
dical people of the Edinburgh Infirmary have found | side of the foot; and the tendons of these muscles Then, let me on that bliss rely, Which fate can never make me tyne;
it in no one case to produce strangury, an affection must be cut through, along with that tendon already Nor wealth, nor fame, nor rank bave I,
formerly most troublesome to themselves and their spoken of (the tendo Achillis), which in these cases But boundless, boundless love is mine!
patients. The desired effects have been produced, on also exercises great influence. Contractions often These various specimens from the poetical stores of ever part of the frame the vesicatory was applied to, strings, and then the patient has a knee projecting
the other hand, with almost unfailing certainty, what exist in the muscles whose tendons form the hammodern France, may be closed with another piece, and whatever the degree of toughness (no unimpor- several inches before the body. To cure him, he must the production of one who filled a high place in that tant point) characterising the patient's skin. The literally be hamstrung, and a suitable apparatus then country in days not long past, Hortense Beauharnois, apothecary of the Aberdeen Infirmary has certified employed to straighten the leg. The hands often daughter of the Empress Josephine, and wife of Louis to his use of it in between one and two hundred cases, have their fingers turned into the palms, from burns, Bonaparte. For a time, it will be remembered, Hor within a few past weeks, and it has only failed to &c., and they can only be put to rights by cutting tense sat on the throne of Holland. She was a wo
produce the full effect in about six instances. [The through the tendons, or tendonous bindings at fault, man of extraordinary beauty and accomplishments. old blister, in a third of the cases, might perhaps and then stretching out the fingers upon splints, or and deeply attached to her native France. The sub; have produced at least very imperfect vesication.) pieces of pasteboard or wood. Such contractions are were written by her when about to return to that No strangury has followed the use of the new blister, common in the elbow and neck; and the principle of
cure in these cases is precisely the same as in the land after a long exile . Happy for the poor lady that and its cleanliness and convenience are highly commended.
others." Whether or not the divided tendons or she did not live to see her eldest son sent to a dungeon there, a captive for life !
We have noticed this subject, in the belief that the muscles be perfectly united by tendonous or muscular
improvement now made in the materials of resica- fibres, the junction formed is at least so far complete I go to see my own dear land once more ;
tion will render the practice of counter-irritation, so that power of motion is restored to the part operated I go to die where first I saw the light!
common now-a-days in cases of disease, far less pain- upon. Ilow much your loss, ye cold ones, I deplore, In whom the thoughts of home no thrill excite!
ful to the sufferer, as well as more convenient, safe, " As these deformities are often hereditary, it is
and effective. To keep silence, while aware that the really a matter of conscience to get rid of them as fast Ye fields, of childhood's joys the teeming scene, With hosts of tender recollections sown,
means for attaining an end so desirable exist, would as possible, inasmuch as no individual, if curable, is The twofold charm ye offer us, I ween, be nothing less than inhumane.
justified in running the risk of propagating such to Of recent joys mix'd up with those long gone.
his or her children. It is much to be desired, then,
PHYSICAL DEFORMITIES. All here below feel more or less the tie
that these affections, at once distressing to their posThat draws us where our infant cradles lay;
An improvement in the surgical branch of the me- sessors, and an eyesore to the community at large, Sweet sympathy, which makes life lightly fly,
dical art is something even more important than a may be extirpated from amongst us." And from the grave takes ev'n its gloom away!
beneficial discovery in the department of the Materia Wearied with absence, lengthen'd out too long,
Medica. The cure of squinting, by division of the
muscles that move the eye-ball, was formerly adverted OLD BURGHAL REGULATIONS. And still is home, dear home, the cheering theme.
to. The same principle of cure has been extended to
body, or a twisted neck, depends in most cases upon print old manuscripts for their own private use, have OCCASIONAL NOTES.
the very same fundamental cause to which squinting just completed a second volume of what they call
is attributable_namely, a shortening or contraction their Miscellany, in which, amongst other curious matWhile nothing
can be more dangerous to society the remedy is the same-the division of the muscular ters, we find certain acts and statutes of thic magisthan the nostrum-vending of incompetent persons, or tendonous fibres in fault. Dr Stromeyer of Hanover, trates of Edinburgla, extending from the year 1529 to and the latitude given to it by our existing laws, on at present Professor of Surgery in the University of 1531. These acts throw some light on the age to the other hand it is clear that any real advance in Erlangen, was the surgeon who first effected a cure which they refer. remedial science ought to be warmly hailed as con- of bodily deformity, by operating in the manner de- The town-council seem to have at that time thought ferring a blessing of the most direct possible kind scribed. This took place in the year 1831. The themselves not more seriously called upon to interupon humanity. In Edinburgh, within these few months, a discovery of this order has been made, covery to the cure of squinting, but was not himself fere for the maintenance of just weights and measures which,' in our opinion, merits being universally the first who successfully carried it into practice. amongst tradesmen, than for the fixing of prices, and known. Counter-irritation, in the case of internal Dr Duffenbach, a distinguished surgeon of Berlin, the prevention of retailing. They ordain, for indisease, has been too long approved of by the medical having witnessed the consequences of one of Dr Stro- stance, “that na brouster na dry tapster tak apone world for any doubt to be entertained of its utility; meyer's operations, in the person of a medical man hand to sell ony derrar aill fra Monunday furth at and, of all the counter-irritants that have been tried, now residing and practising in London, immediately nixt cummys na xvi d. the gallonne, and at it be guid cantharides, or Spanish flies, have been found the took up the invention, and by him was it first sucmost convenient and efficacious. In fact, with the cessfully applied to the cure of obliquity of vision.
and sufficient aill of the price forsaid ;" (that is, that exception of mustard cataplasms in mild cases, no
no brewer or dry tapster take upon hand to sell any other blisters are now in use. These blisters, how- respective districts, with signal success, in hundreds dearer ale, from Monday next forward, than 18. 41. ever, have their disadvantages. In the first place, of cases of deformity in the arms and legs
. The in- per gallon, and that it be good and sufficient ale of they are apt to produce the very painful affection vention found its way, a year or two afterwards, to the price aforesaid.] The penalty is to be 8s. for the called strangury, and in many instances cannot be Paris, and many remarkable cures have been effected first fault; for the second, the ale is to be distributed used, in consequence of that accompanying mischief. there. In one late instance, a distinguished Parisian gratis ; to punish the third, the public officers are Again, the pain of the cantharides blister is very con- surgeon divided not less than forty muscles (we write to bring "thar caldrone or kettellis to the crose, and siderable, and this not only while the skin is being from memory) in the body of a deformed person. The ding thame throw with ane puncione, and spane broken, but also afterwards, from portions of the flies British surgeons have been long in taking up this thame fra the operation for zer and day;". [to bring adhering to the spot, and keeping up the irritation operation as a regular part of their professional prac- their caldron or kettles to the cross, and drive a pununnecessarily. A third point to be remarked is, that tice, but we have no doubt that it must soon gain cion through them, and debar the proprietor from the blister very seldom rises so equally as is desirable. ground and favour among them. An intelligent his trade for a year and a day.) From unequal spreading of the plaster, or unequal medical man, resident near our Scottish metropolis, “ Baxtarris," that is bakers, are, in like manner, ormixing of the flies, a vesicle is produced in one spot has sent us some remarks upon this subject, with dained to bake their bread of good and sufficient stuff and not in another, and, in short, many small irregu- a particular account of Dr Stromeyer's mode of at twopence the eighteen-ounce loaf-the honest lar resicles are caused, instead of a single perfect one. operation, to which we have much pleasure in giving bailies never once reflecting to all appearance, how Other defects in the operation of the cantharides a place in our columns. It is painful, “in walking the baker was to be sure of purchasing his flour at blisters might be noticed, but these will suffice for along the streets (says our correspondent), to see both such a rate as to afford the bread at that price. He the present purpose.
old and young people, of both sexes, and sometimes of was to have “bot ane buth” [only one shop] in which Two ingenious young chemists, Messrs Smith of great personal attractions, walking upon very high- to sell his bread ; and no huxter was to retail his Duke Street, Edinburgh, have discovered a new vesi- heeled boots, or supporting themselves upon stilts, bread: all this under pain of banishment from the catory, or blister, liable to none of these objections ; from deformities in their feet and limbs. If of the town. Candlemakers are to sell their candles at sixor rather they have discovered a new mode of using fair sex, they very naturally do their utmost to con- pence a pound where rag wick was used, and fivethe cantharides
, by which all its advantages are ob ceal any thing of the kind, but their awkward gait pence where the wick was of hards or lint. The tained without any of its disadvantages. This new betrays the existence of some defect. If such persons same penalties which enforce these regulations are blistering article is very elegant in form, being manu- knew that there is a mode of curing the majority of imposed upon all who shall melt their tallow “on the factured in sheets resembling those of common white these affections, and that hundreds of cases have fore gait," that is, the front street—in itself a curious adhesive plaster. It is, in fact, a paper impregnated already been cured, they would surely hasten to in- trait of our early city customs. uith the cffective essence of cantharides. “A slip of this, quire of their respective medical men if their own “ Stabillaris” are enjoined under severe penalties to cut of the proper form, is applied in the usual way, individual cases were similarly remediablo."
have their stables well “furnest with hek and manand, under ordinary circumstances, raises a complete The deformity consists, it has been said, in a short- gear, and with sufficient lokis for the durris, for sure vesicle in from six to twelve hours upon the skin of ening of the muscles, or contractions of the tendons. keiping of the horsis.” Prices are fixed for corn and an adult--in a lesser time, in short, by an hour or These are cut, and then the part is stretched to its hay; and where these articles are bought from them, two, than the old blister would take. The application natural shape, and kept in that position for weeks or they are to charge
no stable fee. On the other hand, is peculiarly cleanly: No whisky or other stimulant months. For instance, “we often see people with no other class of persons are to sell or “ regrait” oats need be applied to the skin beforehand, as formerly one of their feet pointing straight downwards to the and hay, under severe penalties. done ; and, when the new vesicatory is removed, no ground, and the heel five or six inches above it, and People dealing in poultry and wild fowl are or.