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favourite hunters, past and present, fill up the hours that I saw immediately the danger of the case. We were what would prove humbling to myself. I believe the intervene between dinner and the period of retiring to a small community, and could not afford to be split up poorest voter has his own notions of what is good and bed; unless cards or dice are introduced, to diversify by feuds. So I stepped up to the girls, and whispered right as deeply implanted in him as I have; and it is by this rational mode of whiling away the drowsy hours. to them, · Polly,' said I, • those lockets are powerful fine, allowing him to act up to his honest feelings that he is to

Many of the chasseurs at Melton are as little partial and become you amazingly; but you don't consider that be made a happier and a better, a more prosperous and to hunting as those who frequent the Highland moors are the country is not advanced enough in these parts for a more thriving man. This is a subject on which I have to grouse-shooting. The truth of this assertion is best such things. You and I understand these matters, but thought much, and it is one on which I have had expeproved by the joyous alacrity with which, the moment a these people don't. Fine things like these may do very rience. Reflection shows me that my system is just, frost sets in, they rush up to London, like boys released well in the old settlements, but they won't answer at the and experience shows me that it is politic, though I from school, and plunge into all the amusements and Pigeon-Roost Fork of the Muddy.' You had better lay never think of it in that light myself; for, whilst tenants dissipation of the metropolis, until a thaw sends them them aside for the present, or we shall have no peace.' may be led by kindness and consideration, I have always down again, with lengthened faces and shortened purses, Polly and her sister luckily saw their error; they took seen that the devil himself won't drive them, and I like to renew their sport.

off the lockets, laid them aside, and harmony was re- them all the better for it." How often is the thermometer examined with wistful stored; otherwise, I verily believe there would have been

ANTIDOTES FOR POISONS. eyes, and an approach to the freezing-point hailed with an end of our community. Indeed, notwithstanding the pleasure ! You will naturally wonder why so heavy an great sacrifice they made on this occasion, I do not think When poison has been swallowed, ascertain from the expense as a hunting-establishment is incurred, if they old Schultz's daughters were ever much liked afterward patient what the nature of the poison is. If mineral, that wlio entail it on themselves like not the amusement. among the young women.

is, either corrosive sublimate or arsenic, give a teaspoonful Fashion, ostentation, and the puerile desire of even that This was the first time that looking-glasses were ever of sulphur, or half a teaspoonful of pearl-ash, or a wine species of celebrity which this extravagance can acquire, seen in the Green River part of Kentucky!"

glass of soap-suds; afterwards give a teaspoonful of anfurnish the inducements ; added to the reflection of the

timonial wine, and plenty of warm water. If vegetable, utter impossibility of otherwise filling up the winter

or oil of vitriol, aquafortis, or oxalic acid, give pearl-ash, months.

A LANDLORD'S SPEECH TO HIS TENANTS. or chalk, or magnesia or soap-suds, in plenty of warn

water, with a dessert spoonful of antimonial wine, or a It is not often that after-dinner speeches bear inspec- scruple of simple powder of ipecacuanha. If laudanum, A GLIMPSE OF EARLY KENTUCKY LIFE.

tion afterwards by unconcerned parties. The following give a teaspoonful of domestic mustard, and keep the The following is from a series of papers by Mr Washing- does. It is the substance of what was said by the Earl patient walking. If carbonic acid, or fumes of charcoalton Irving, entitled “ The Early Experiences of Ralph of Stair

(lately Sir John Dalrymple of Oxenford), at a open air, keep the body cool ; medical aid is required.Ringwood,” which are now in the course of appearing in dinner

given by him, on the 8th September, to four hun- Newspaper paragraph. The Knickerbocker, the well-known American Magazine:- dred persons, tenants on the large Galloway estates which have come to him with his peerage. We would hope to

* CHRONOMOROS." “ Bob Mosely's house was a tolerably large bark shanty, escape blame for, contrary to our wont, admitting the

" In all the actions that i man performs, some part of his life with a clap-board roof; and there were assembled all reference to politics in the latter part of the speech, a the young hunters and pretty girls of the country, for part of it which seems necessary to complete the picture passeth. We die with doing

that for which only our sliding life many a mile round. The young men were in their best of benevolent liberality which the whole may be said to stant pace, and flies as fast in idlenesse as in employment. Whehunting-dresses, but not one could compare with mine; form. Were all landlords to act on the improving maxims ther we play, or labour, or sleep, or dance, or study, the sunne and my raccoon cap, with its flowing tail, was the ad- of the Earl of Stair, what a powerful home mission they posteth, and the sand runnes."-Owen FelTHAM. miration of every body. The girls were mostly in doe- would form amongst our rural population !

Wearied with hearing folks cry skin dresses, for there was no spinning and weaving as “I rejoice to find myself in the midst of my tenants.

That Time would incessantly fly, yet in the woods, nor any need of it. I never saw girls The cordial reception I have met with amongst you, and

Said I to myself, “I don't see that seemed to me better dressed ; and I was somewhat your kindness in coming here this day, both tend to rivet

Why Time should not wait upon me; of a judge, having seen fashions at Richmond. We had the link that naturally unites us, and equally tend to an

I will not be carried away, a hearty dinner, and a merry one; for there were Jemmy increase of that interest which I am disposed to take in

Whether I like it, or nay." Kiel, famous for raccoon hunting, and Bob Tarleton, and you as part of my family, and as my friends. I have said

There is not a labour more vain,

Than turning the hour-glass again! Wesley Pigman, and Joe Taylor, and several other prime before, and I cannot say it too often, that no separate fellows for a frolic, that made all ring again, and laughed, interest can subsist between landlord and tenant. If you

I said—“ I will read and will write,

And labour all day and all night, that you might have heard them a mile. thrive, I thrive. On your well doing will depend my

And Time will so heavily load, After dinner, we began dancing, and were hard at it, comfort, my honour, and my character, for I shall stand

That he cannot but wait on the road ;" when, about three o'clock in the afternoon, there was a high, or the reverse (and it is right that it should be so), But I found that, balloon-like in size, new arrival-the two daughters of old Simon Schultz; as I act justly or unjustly by you. Entertaining such

The more fill'd, the faster he flies; two young ladies that affected fashion and late hours. sentiments, my first duties will consist in an encourage

And I could not the trial maintain, Their arrival had nearly put an end to all our merriment. ment of moral and religious feeling amongst my tenants,

Without turning the hour-glass again I must go round about in my story, to explain to you and a gradual improvement of my estates. The most

Then said I-" If Time has so flown how that happened. likely way to make them happy and good is to teach

When laden, I'll leave him alone;

And I think that he cannot but stay, As old Schultz, the father, was one day looking in the then when young to know right from wrong, and that

When he's nothing to carry away !" cane-brakes for his cattle, he came upon the track of can only be effectually done by education. Whenever, horses. He knew they were none of his, and that none therefore, I can encourage good and moral feeling, you

So I sate, folding my hands,

Watching the mystical sands, of his neighbours had horses about that place. They will find me anxious to do so; and, as the best means of

As they fell, grain after grain, must be stray horses, or must belong to some traveller effecting it, I will willingly contribute to the improve

Till I turn'd up the hour-glass again. who had lost his way, as the track led nowhere. He ment or increase of schools to be open to all, so that

Then I cried in a rage, “ Timo shall stand ! accordingly followed it up, until he came to an unlucky every child on my estate may be brought to know his

The hour-glass I smash'd with my hand; pedlar with two or three pack-horses, who had been God and the duty he owes him. The next object of my

My watch into atoms I broke, bewildered among the cattle-tracks, and had wandered solicitude will consist in an encouragement of improved

And the sun-dial hid with a cloak! for two or three days among woods and cane-brakes, agriculture. The first of all improvements consists in

Now, I shouted aloud, " Time is done !" until he was almost famished.

When suddenly down went the sun ; draining and enclosing. My tenants will, therefore, find Old Schultz brought him to his house ; fed him on

And I found, to my cost and my pain, me willing to assist them in both, in as far as my means

I might buy a new hour-glass again! venison, bear's meat, and hominy, and at the end of a will admit of. In the best cultivated districts in Scot

Whether we wake or we sleep, week put him in prime condition. The pedlar could not land, sheep stock is universally encouraged. I observe Whether we carol or weep, sufficiently express his thankfulness; and when about to in the Stair leases that the tenants are in general pre

The sun, with his planets in chimc, depart, inquired what he had to pay? Old Schultz cluded from having such stock. I am willing, where it is

Marketh the going of Time; stepped back with surprise. 'Stranger,' said he, ‘you advisable, to alter such clauses. I have my doubts, too,

But Time, in a still better trim, have been welcome under my roof. I've given you no- whether the growth of turnips is sufficiently attended to

Marketh the going of him ! thing but wild meat and hominy, because I had no better, in this county. In order, therefore, to encourage an im

One link in an infinite chain, but have been glad of your company. You are welcome proved system of agriculture, and to create a little emu

Is this turning the hour-glass again! to stay as long as you please ; but, by zounds ! if any lation, I, as President of the Agricultural Society, pro

Tho robes of the day and the night one offers to pay Simon Schultz for food, he affronts mised two premiums of L.20 and L.10 for the best

Are not wove of mere darkness and light :

We rend that, at Joshua's will, him!' managed farms in the Rhinns district. These two prizes

The sun for a Time once stood still ! The pedlar admired the hospitality of his host, but apply to the county in general, so you will have your So that Time by this measure to try, could not reconcile it to his conscience to go away with chance for them along with others. But in my private Is petitio principii ; out making some recompense. There were honest Simon's capacity, I feel I may give a few smaller prizes amongst

For Time's scythe is going amain, two daughters, two strapping, red-haired girls. He my own tenants, without injury to, or interfering with,

Though he turn not his hour.glass agaia. opened his packs, and displayed riches before them of the society. I propose, therefore, giving for the best

And yet, after all, what is Time, which they had no conception ; for in those days there kept fences on a farm, not under 100 acres, thorn or beech

Renown'd in reason and rhyme ?were no country stores in those parts, with their artificial being preferred to any other fence, where circumstances

A phantom, a name, a notion, finery and trinketry, and this was the first pedlar that allow of them—1st prize, L.10; 2d prize, L.5. To the

That measures duration or motion ? had wandered into that part of the wilderness. The tenant who makes the most and the best drains— 1st

Or but an apt term in the lease

Of beings, who know they must cease ? girls were for a time completely dazzled, and knew not prize, L.10; 2d prize, L.5. To the tenant who has, in

The hand utters more than the brain, what to choose ; but what caught their eyes most were well-cleaned and well-manured turnips, the greatest pro

When turning the hour-glass agnia! two looking-glasses, about the size of a dollar, set in gilt portion of his land under tillage, not less than ten acres

The king in a carriage may rido, tin. They had never seen the like before, having used of turnips, and eating off at least one-half of them with

And the beggar may crawl at his sido no other mirror than a pail of water. The pedlar pre- sheep-İst prize, L.10; 2d prize, L.5. To the neatest But still, in the general race, sented them these jewels without the least hesitation; and best kept cottage and cottage garden on the estate

They are travelling all the same piconay, le gallantly hung them round their necks by red-L.5. And to the tenant who shows most activity in

And houses, and trees, and high-way, ribands almost as fine as the glasses themselves. This getting in his harvest--1st prize, L.10; 2d prize, L.5.

Are in the same gallop as they : done, he took his departure, leaving them as much asto- (Prolonged cheering.) I will allow you to choose your

We mark our own steps in the train, nished as two princesses in a fairy tale that have received

When turning the hour-glass again!
own judges, so that any three or five, along with Mr
a magic gift from an enchanter.

People complain, with a sigh,
Guthrie, may judge of and award the prizes. But I will

How terribly chroniclers lie;
It was with these looking-glasses, hung round their give no prize to any tenant who burns his wreck (!

But there is one pretty right, necks as lockets by ribands, that old Schultz's daughters mean the weeds gathered off the fallow land), which I Heard in the dead of the night, made their appearance at three o'clock in the afternoon observed was much done when I was here in the spring. Calling aloud to the people, at the frolio of Bob Mosely's, on the Pigeon-Roost Fork Wreck, when carted and put into heaps, forms, when

Out of St Dunstan's steeple, of the Muddy. mixed with lime, the best of all composts; or, when first

Telling theni under the vane, By the powers, but it was an event! Such a thing had gathered, if put at the bottom of a muck-hill, it will

Each to turn up his hour-glass again! never before been seen in Kentucky. Bob Tarleton, a greatly increase the quantity of manure, but to burn it strapping fellow, with a head like a chestnut-burr, and a | is absolute waste; and, for myself, I would as soon think Masters! we live here for ever, look like a boar in an apple orchard, stepped up, caught of burning straw. I said that I wished to see my tenants

Like so many fish in a river ; hold of the looking-glass of one of the girls, and gazing comfortable and happy. I hope I may be permitted

We may mope, tumble, or glide, at it for a moment, cried out, “Joe Taylor, come here! further to say that I shall have a pride in seeing them

And eat one another besido; come here! I'll be darnd if Patty Schultz aint got a independent. (Great cheering.) Whatever is due to me, I

But whithersoever we go, locket that you can see your face in, as clear as in a

The river will flow, flow, flow! shall expect them to pay-whatever is not due, I will

And now that I've ended my strain, spring of water!' never exact. Whenever, therefore, they are called upon

Pray turn me that hour-glass again! In a twinkling all the young hunters gathered round to exercise their political privileges, I wish them to do so old Schultz's danghters. I, who knew what looking- honestly and manfully-not allowing themselves to be volume of a tastefully conducted annual work, Fulcher's Lariks

[The above appears amongst the original poetry in the new glasses were, did not budge. Some of the girls who sat dictated to by me, were I disposed to attempt it, but Memorandum-Book and Poetical Miscellany; published by G. W. near me were excessively mortified at finding themselves only asking how their consciences bid them vote-being Fulcher, Sudbury; and Suttaby & Co., London.] thus deserted. I heard Peggy Pugh say to Sally Pigman, assured that he who obeys his conscience will never dis"Goodness knows, it's well Schultz's daughters is got please me. I should feel degraded myself were I com- LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by them things round their necks, for it's the first time the pelled to vote one way, while my known opinions were in W.6. ORR. Paternoster Row. young men crowded round them!" another; and I shall never attempt to iuflict upon you

Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.

MORAL

CHAMBERS?
DINBURG/

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

Number 463.

SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1840.

Price Three HalfpENCE.

VISIT TO CANTERBURY.

A FEW WEEKS FROM HOME. glimpse of daylight through the covering, he will give has been suffered to stand, and there are numerous

a bit of a fly; but, you know, sir, I have lined the signs of advancing taste ; still, the place is essentially

roof of the basket with a matting of fine wool, and he antique, with all kinds of outs and ins, strangely shaped He who visits Kent, and does not make a pilgrimage has a nice fresh turf, cut from the Downs, for a floor windows and roofs, and the same confined thoroughto Canterbury, is no true lover of antiquity. The to stand upon; and so, you see, sir, he cannot hurt fares which existed centuries ago. Boring your way memory of St Augustine and St Thomas-à-Becket, it himself. I have travelled six hundred miles with through an alley from what may be called the chief is to be feared, he cares nothing for; and, to say the Dicky this season, and, the good creature, he has never street, you reach the precincts of the grand ecclesias-, least of it, the scenes immortalised by Chaucer and uttered a murmur.” “The companionship of your tical structure, round which the town has gradually Shakspeare can have no influence on his fancy. Now, bird seems to give you much happiness. Perhaps you crept as if for protection. Let us pause for an instant, that kind of heresy is not to my mind. I can be as have had losses in your family, and now find a plea- to run over the primary history of the edifice. commonplace and utilitarian as you please, but still sure in the society of this innocent little animal.” It is probably not very generally known, that Enghave a corner of the mind to spare on the existing “Oh dear, sir, I have a family of five children, and land once formed a favourite field for rearing slaves memorials of past events—things which elevate the two-and-twenty grandchildren, and I am the happiest white ones, of course—for the markets of Southern range of the imagination, and harmlessly delight the woman in the world. I never knew what it was to Europe, in the same manner as Kentucky now profeelings. Come, then, let us wend across the downs have a single vexation. It was a great trial, to be duces that article of commerce for some of the adjaand along the bosky avenues which lead towards Can- sure, when my daughter married and went to India ; cent states of America. A parcel of English slaves terbury. Let us see the spot, and the actual objects however, I said to myself, says I, what is the use of having, about the year 596, been carried to Rome and in stone and mortar, which, five hundred years ago, repining? Every thing is ordered for the best. There there exposed for sale, Gregory, the reigning Pope, was attracted the reverence of thousands of pilgrims. Let is a superintending Providence in India as well as in inspired with sorrow and concern for their appearance, us visit the sepulchre of Augustine, and the shrine England. And so, when I thought of this, I was and formed the design of converting their countrymen of Becket!

quite happy. It is always right to be happy, what- to the Christian faith. It is indisputable that ChrisThings have greatly altered in Kent since Falstaff ever takes place.” “Well, that's good philosophy, at tianity was known in some parts of Britain before this proposed to set out for Gad's Hill, and there make an all events. I hope you have had the pleasure of see- period, but it had no existence throughout the southonslaught on the caravans of pilgrims who were "go-ing your daughter return ?” “Oh dear, yes, sir; she ern part of the island, and therefore the design of this ing to Canterbury with rich offerings, and the traders has now been back for three years and two months : benevolent prelate is worthy of the highest commendariding to London with fat purses.” The truth of the and I see her, as well as all my other children, very tion. Gregory dispatched Augustine with forty Benematter is, that what with good macadamised roads, often, and my dear little grandchildren too ; and I

dictine monks to Christianise England ; and having stage-coaches, and railways, the country stands a fair am as happy as the day is long.” “That's very de- fortunately gained over Ethelbert, King of Kent, to chance of being stripped of every bit of romance. lightful ; I wish evory body could say as much. Pray, their views, the object of their mission was accomWill it be credited ?—the far-famed Cliff at Dover may I ask if Dicky is equally contented with his lot ?" plished. Great numbers were converted and baptised; Shakspeare's Cliff_is now perforated with a railway “ Oh dear, yes, sir. Dicky and I are old friends. 1 and Ethelbert, in token of his piety, gave up his palacé tunnel! Soon we shall be whisked in no time from purchased him at Maidstone four years ago next in Canterbury to St Augustine. At the same time, the Borough to the Straits of Dover, and the towers of Easter, and he is quite domesticated-quite : he was the king retired to a residence which he built at ReCanterbury will be passed at the rate of forty miles an a mere infant, as I may say, when I got him, and culver, a small remaining portion of which, consisting hour. Such are modern improvements. No man has he does not care for being any where but with me. of a postern gateway of red brick, may still be observed the comfort of now being robbed on his journey, let Poor little fellow (peeping into the travelling carriage by the tourist. The palace at Canterbury and adjoinhim wish for it ever so much. Falstaff and Prince on her lap, and addressing Dicky], there's a good dear ing buildings were afterwards converted by St AngusHal did not live in the age of locomotives.

Dicky. You will soon be home in your pretty cage at tine into a cathedral and priory, dedicating both to With the sad reflection that we live in the nine- Canterbury; and you will see the sun rising in the the honour of Christ. St Augustine also procured teenth century, and have not the privilege of being morning over the trees of the Danejohn, and then you means to found a magnificent abbey in another part of kicked and cuffed as we should have been three or may sing as loudly as you please. Poor dear Dicky!" the town or suburbs; but as the institution was supfour centuries ago, let us take things as they happen Such was the good old soul who formed one of our pressed in 1539, and the edifice is now a ruin, or deto be. Here is an omnibus moving off from Ramsgate travelling companions, and whose odd kind of attach- voted to secular purposes, no more need here be said to Canterbury. One of the pilgrims is a good, dear, ment to her feathered companion formed a topic of regarding it. The main object of interest in the kind old soul-a lady who has at least attained the conversation during our journey across the wolds of present day is the cathedral, which has undergone so shady side of sixty-probably a widow: well, so much Kent. The country as you advance improves in ap- many alterations and extensions in the course of time, the better, we are sure to have an agreeable chat to- pearance. The farms are large and seemingly well as to partake of a singularly mixed character, though gether. “This is a fine evening, ma'am, for a journey ; cultivated, and occasionally we pass through a neat old. exteriorly appearing as a work in the rich Gothic of the few passengers, though : do you go all the way?” fashioned village, with a church and churchyard em- eleventh and twelfth centuries. Its first great resto“Oh dear, yes, sir ; I am returning to one of my homes bowered in tall and broad-spreading trees. The district ration was accomplished by Lanfranc, the archbishop at Canterbury : it will be quite pleasant on the road, is that in which the madman Thom committed his who was appointed by William the Conqueror. HavI am sure, the sun is sinking so very beautifully in extravagances a few years ago—a circumstance reflecting found it in a ruinous condition, the result of a the west-very so, indeed.” “Then you have more ing little credit on the common sense of its inhabitants, disastrous fire in the year 1097, he pulled down the than one home ?” “ Oh dear, yes, sir ; I have a house who, however, I am disposed to think, are not more greater part of the building, and began its re-erection in Ramsgate and a house in Canterbury, and I just ignorant than the bulk of the rural population of with arches of a bolder sweep and columns of more make myself happy, sometimes in the one and some- England, and in regard to exterior decency and love elegant proportions. The work was carried on under times in the other.”. “ But that must be very trouble of cleanliness, are infinitely superior to the most in the direction of Prior Conrad, and during the prelacy some, I should think-you must travel a great deal.” telligent of the Scottish peasantry. As respects phy- of Anselm, successor to Lanfranc. The taste and “Oh dear, yes, sir; but I like travelling very much, sical qualifications, “the men of Kent” have been ability of the architects appear to have excited the and I never allow any thing to vex me.” “ Perhaps long noted for their superiority.

wonder of their contemporaries. “Nothing similar," you don't travel with much luggage-only some trifle, Canterbury, which we reached after a ride of a few according to William of Malmsbury, “was to be found such as that basket.” “Oh dear, sir, that basket is hours, is a town of great antiquity, and like York, to in England, either for the brilliancy of the painted winmy bird's travelling carriage; that I always carry on

which it bears a resemblance, consists of a cluster dows, the splendour of the marble pavement, or the “ Your bird ! do you always travel with of confused and narrow streets of brick houses, in the pictured roof, which attracted the eyes of beholders." your bird ?"

“ Oh dear, yes, sir; I could not go any centre of which rise the lofty towers of the cathedral. In less than a century after the installation of Lanwhere without my poor little Dicky; and he is very The situation is upon a plain of limited dimensions, franc, the archbishopric was bestowed on Thomas-àfond of travelling also.” “What sort of a bird is he? or, strictly speaking, in the vale of the small river Becket (1162). The cathedral now became the scene -probably a parrot.” “Oh dear, no, sir; he is a lark.” Stour, which passes through it, and at the distance of of an event which may be said to have been the A lark, for all the world ! is he not inclined to fly two or three miles is environed with moderately high making of Canterbury. We allude to Becket's asup against the roof of his carriage, or disposed to pine hills of considerable fertility and beauty. Canterbury sassination. Henry II., it will be remembered, with the close imprisonment?” “Oh dear, no, sir ; partakes in a large degree of the unchangeful character had little difficulty in restraining the powers of he is the nicest, quietest, and best-behaved of birds. of every thing English. The walls, it is true, are re

the barons, and of preserving peace generally among Sometimes, poor little creature, when he catches a moved; only one gateway, a huge machicolated mass, liis lay subjects; but in attempting to abridge the

my knee."

exorbitant privileges of the clergy, he was resolutely lish cathedrals, and the keepers of these structures are ushered into the ambulatory of the cloisters-a

walk with groined arches overhead, and open on the opposed, and by none more so than Thomas-à-Becket, always refer with melancholy interest to Cromwell, as

the great destroyer of their beauties. If an angel has inner sides to a grass plot, in which repose the mortal Archbishop of Canterbury, who considered the priest- lost a nose or a saint his head, if monuments are laid remains of numerous friars and monks who fretted hood to be justly exempt from all civil restraint. waste and ornaments wanting, it was all done by their little hour within the precincts of the hallowed Some of Henry's courtiers thought they could not do Cromwell. Cromwell, in the estimation of beadles, domain. him a better service than to rid him of this annoyance, must have been an awful monster; and he certainly Altogether, the cathedral, whether taken as a whole and accordingly seized an opportunity of cutting down did bring things to a serious pass, when, in 1649, an or in detail, is a work of exceeding grandeur, and with Becket while engaged in the offices of religion at an ordinance of state was issued for pulling down and exquisite beauty of form, possesses a profound histoaltar in his own cathedral (Dec. 22, 1170). For his solling the materials of all cathedral churches. By rical interest.

As a relic of the past, independently some fortunate circumstance, this law was never fully of its value as a specimen of highly finished Gothic concern in this foul transaction, Henry, as well known acted upon; at any rate, the cathedral of Canterbury architecture, it is unquestionably, along with all similar to the reader of history, had to perform a humiliating escaped demolition ; and on the re-establishment of structures, worthy of national preservation. As repenance, receiving eighty lashes on his bare back from monarchy, it was repaired and fitted up for the cele spects its service to religion and morality, it may be the monks of Canterbury.

bration of religious service, at an expense of L. 12,000. pronounced absolutely useless--the neighbouring dis

Having thus glanced at the eventful history of the trict, as has been proved, being no more the better for While the murder of Becket was still fresh in the cathedral, we may proceed to take a walk through its existence than

if it were an empty ruin, public remembrance, the cathedral was again (1174) it

. On entering by an old arched gateway from a I have occupied so much space in describing, how. consumed by fire ; but this proved rather a fortunate lane in the town, we find ourselves in the close or ever superficially, the far-famed cathedral of Cantercircumstance than otherwise, for the prior and clergy precincts, which have unfortunately, and with the bury, as to have left little room to say any thing levied such exorbitant offerings from the zealots who usual disregard of taste, been encroached upon by respecting other objects of interest in the town. Upon crowded to the scene of Becket's murder, as enabled fine open esplanade all round the structure of the not much to show. In walking towards the southern them to rebuild and vastly extend the edifice, on a cathedral and its various offshoots, we can in reality environs to see the ruins of the ancient castle, I had scale of singular magnificence. Their main design see it only on one side (the south) and the west end, occasion to pass through an open piece of pleasure seems to have been the extension of the church to the which we first approach from the entrance; the re- ground, lying close upon what remains of the old eastward, elevating the floor of the new part consider-mainder being

huddled up among old houses and walls, rampart of the town in this direction, and called by

in a manner savouring little of regard for the beauties the odd name of the Danejohn, which, it seems, is a ably above that of the rest of the building; they also of the architecture. Let us, however, exercise a little corruption of donjon, or keep, such a building having added several parasitic chapels in this quarter to the patience : during the last few years the dean and once occupied the spot. The area of the field is main edifice. Beneath the elevated part, which is chapter have been actively restoring some of the more laid out with an avenue of trees, and is principally reached by flights of steps from the choir, and was in. dilapidated portions of the edifice, an entire tower at otherwise a grassy esplanade, open freely to all the tended for the site of the high altar, they constructed a tended to clear away the odious mass of paltry dwell wall, but furnished throughout its length of several

the west end being evidently new. Perhaps it is in- inhabitants. Along the southern verge is the city series of low vaulted chapels or apartments, entered by ing-houses which confine the north side and east end hundred yards with a grassy mound inside, on which a side door, and which are now called the undercroft. of the building.

is a promenade, commanding a pretty extensive view After the completion of the alterations and when fitted The general exterior aspect of the cathedral re- of the country beyond. About the middle of the ap with all the splendours of Catholic worship, the sembles that of York Minster. The form is that of a promenade is a pyramidal mound, with a spiral walk spectacle from the centre of the nave on the west must cross, with a central tower

of unrivalled workmanship, to the summit, on which is placed a monumental shaft

reaching to a height of 234 feet. The size of the of stone, dedicated by the civic corporation to the have been beyond conception imposing. To add to the whole fabric is immense, and embraces a great num- donor of the field. It is pleasing to mention the fact effect, and excite the devotional feelings of the multi- ber of chapels, crypts, and by-places, which are not of this valuable gift to the town. In 1790 the field tudes who thronged to the cathedral from all parts of ordinarily seen in cathedrals. It wilí afford an idea was presented by Mr Alderman James Simmonds for the country, the bones of Becket were removed from of the dimensions and effect on the eye, when we men- the use and recreation of the inhabitants, in all time their resting-place in the vault to which they had tion that the length from east to west, inside, is 514 coming; and being kept in neat order by gardeners

feet, height of the vaulted roof 80 feet, breadth of the appointed for the purpose, it now forms a handsome originally been consigned, and placed in a shrine on

nave and side-aisles 71 feet, and broadth of the cross-pleasure-ground, the more valuable from the want of an esplanade at the top of the highest flight of steps aisles from north to south 124 feet. The interior of any other place of open-air recreation in the city. adjacent to the grand altar, and therefore in a con- the nave, to which we are first admitted, at the southvenient situation for being seen and visited. The west corner, is at present cleaned with a lightish

ONE FAULT. scene of enshrinement, which is open around, and is colouring matter on the walls, and all damages in the

stone pillars repaired. Along this spacious arcade we A NOVEL under this title, by Mrs Trollope, was pubreally a beautiful aisle or chapel, in some measure de- are led towards the enclosed choir, which

we perceive lished about a year ago,* and no doubt enjoyed its tached from the choir, was henceforth called Becket's at the distance of 178 feet, and at the head of a share of popularity amongst novel-readers. We are crown. The translation of the remains of St Thomas, flight of steps. The time of my visit being just as not of this class ; but having been almost accidentally as he was now entitled, took place on the 7th of morning service was about to begin, I took a seat made acquainted with “ One Fault,” we have found July 1220; the occasion was one of extraordinary to say that I never heard the fine language of the that we would fain bring it under the notice of that

among the side stalls during its continuance. I regret in it so much of a useful and instructive tendency, solemnity and rejoicings—the pope's legate, the arch- prayers and lessons worse read. The most meritorious portion of the public who, like ourselves, are little bishops of Canterbury and Rheims, and various official appeared to be the organist, whose voice in accustomed to peruse works of fiction, and may there bishops and abbots, carrying the coffin on their accompaniment to the chants was of the best order. fore not as yet have seen the work in question. shoulders , and the king (Henry III.) attending, to has been placed in a concealed situation in the space family of amiable character, residing in one of the most

The book opens with the description of a rector's grace the ceremony with his presence. The expense above the side aisles, and is played

upon by means of beautiful parts of Somersetshire. It consisted of Mr attending this ceremony was immense ; for one thing, communicating wires, as I should suppose, in a seat in and Mrs Worthington, two daughters, Margaret and the-archbishop provided refreshments, with provender the choir. In altering the sides of the choir, a less Isabella, just arrived at womanhood, and a son, Charles, for horses, along the line of road from London, a dis- happy exercise of taste has superseded the ancient as yet only a youth of sixteen. Two unmarried sisters tance of fifty-six miles, for all who chose to attend. carved stalls by a bald Gothic screen, glazed, and of Mrs Worthington, Christina and Lucy Clark, the Artificial fountains were dispersed about the city of painted white.

former an eccentric blue-stocking, and the latter a

At the conclusion of the service, I was conducted gentle and kind-hearted woman, lived upon a small Canterbury, which ran with wine, and nothing was along the floor towards the flights of steps, at the head income at Appleton, two miles from the rectory: A wanting to give full effect to this triumph of priestly of which once blazed the high altar, in all the splen- young friend of Charles, named Alfred Reynolds, & power. The upper part of Beckets skull, which had dour of silver, gold, and precious stones. This inner student at Winchester, and the son of a widow of been severed by his murderers, was preserved by it- portion of the choir is lined with various monuments narrow fortune, loved Isabella, bat possessed too much self on the highly decorated altar. According to the wonderfully good state of preservation, considering aware of the fact. She was just completing her

of distinguished bishops and other churchmen, in a honour, in his present circumstances, to make her fashion of the time, pilgrimages were now made from the handling they must have undergone. By a side eighteenth year, a sweet sylph-like creature, with the all parts of Christendom to the shrine of St Thomas door we are conducted round to Becket's crown, which, finest dark hair and eyes in the world, and dispositions at Canterbury, and the offerings formed a princely as I have said, is a kind of circular chapel adjoining of so delightful a kind as rendered

her the favourite revenue to the establishment. Besides these custo- the extremity of the choir. This is the most beautiful of her whole family, and particularly that of an aged mary gifts of the pious, the clergy drew an incredibly in pairs, supporting the Gothic arches above, the lofty years had lived at the rectory.

point in the whole building. The light graceful pillars, uncle of her father, a Colonel Seaton, who for many large sum at the celebration of Becket's martyrdom, roof, the windows of painted glass in the aisles beyond, held as a kind of jubilee every fifty years. We are and the tessellated pavement where once stood thé sonages to distinguish them from the mass of society

There was nothing in the characters of these per told that the confluence of people of all ranks who shrine of St Thomas, form a spectacle at once im- of their own grade. They only come under our noattended these ceremonies amounted to at least a pressive and deeply interesting. The costly shrine tice in consequence of a connexion which they formed hundred thousand in number, and the estimate of of Becket has, as may be supposed, been completely with the great landlord of their neighbourhood, Mr their oblations at the saint's shrine was beyond the trace of having once been the scene of concourse, with tune, was young and handsome, and bore an unsullied

cleared away, and the inlaid floor is free from all Wentworth. This gentleman possessed an ample for. bounds of belief. There had been seven of these jubi- the exception of a hollow, worn in the marble, as it is reputation. When, in consequence of seeing Isabella lees before the Reformation; the last of them was in said, by the kneeling of hosts of pilgrims. 1520, in the time of Archbishop Warham. Cranmer,

at a county ball, he called upon Mr Worthington, and

From this part of the building we are conducted asked leave to pay his addresses to her, the family rethe successor of this prelate in the see of Canterbury, round to the northern aisles, and led down to a dingy garded her as a singularly fortunate creature ; and she and other reformers, put an end to these and such side-chapel in the northern transept, called the Martyr- was herself gratified beyond hope for she had also like follies. At the same time, the priory was dis- dom. Here, before the altar of St Benedict, Thomas-à- admired Mr Wentworth, and was already prepossessed solved, and the church despoiled of a thousand Becket was slain, and the precise spot is marked by a in his favour. After the most generous settlements, elegant and ancient objects, including the rich orna- piece of stone inserted in the dark-coloured pavement. the marriage took place, and Isabella was all at once ments of Becket's shrine. But this clearing at the This piece of lightish stone, if the conductress is to transferred from obscurity to the possession of Oakton Reformation fell with a moderate degree of force, be believed, has replaced a portion of the original Park, one of the most magnificent mansions in the in comparison with the great blow which the church marble slab, which was marked by the blood of county. received during the troubles of the civil war in 1641, Becket, and which was transferred as a relic to Rome. when the Puritans doomed the entire fabric to de- In the Martyrdom, at this spot, King Edward I. was from Calais to that city was passed over without Isa

The young pair procceded to Paris. The dull road struction. The dean and canons were turned out of married to Margaret of France by Arehbishop Win. bella feeling that it was in the least a grievance. " It their stalls, a newly erected font was pulled down and chelsea, in the year 1299. The great northern win- was the delight of believing that she was beloved ; it sold piecemeal; inscriptions, figures, coats of arms in dow, to which we next turn, is of painted glass, with was the sweet sensation of warm and tender gratitude brass, were torn off from the ancient sepulchral stones; figures of prophets, apostles, and canonised bishops, in to the companion whose love had surrounded her with the graves were ransacked for the sake of plunder, splendid costume. Adjoining, we are led through the so many joy-creating circumstances ; it was the and the revenues were confiscated by government. chapel of Our Lady, possessing a beautiful screen of thought of the happiness she should take back to the The excesses of the army and populace during this open arches ; next we have a peep in at the chapterperiod are still a matter of sad tradition in the Eng- house, a grand and solemn apartment; and, finally,

* 3 vols. Bentley. 1840.

dear home she had left, when she returned to tell When he found she had only stated that they were Isabella readily traced in his countenance the slight them of the wonders she had seen and the delight she about to leave Paris, he remarked that her notes rigidity which denoted displeasure. To add to the had felt ;- it was this that made her endure the would appear cold, and, struggling with ill-suppressed mishap, it was ten minutes after the dinner hour betoilsome way so cheerfully." The morning after their anger, he required her again to sit down to her desk. fore she reached the drawing-room at Oakton, where arrival, the gay-spirited girl looked out with rapture She did so with her usual cheerful obedience, but had she found her husband in a stiff and silent mood, upon the gardens of the Tuileries, and expressed the to ask him what she should say. He dictated an apo- though perfectly polite. The dinner passed without utmost eagerness to go abroad ; but her husband coldly logy, in which the sudden arrival of letters of impor- softening his feelings, and when she had drunk ono interposed. He must first send cards to the embassy, tance from England was represented as the cause of glass of wine, he said to her, “. Do you make a habit and go to secure seats for the opera. She good-hu- their departure. Half supposing him in jest, she said, of sitting long after dinner, Mrs Wentworth ?' Oh, mouredly proposed

to amuse
herself in the interval

, "But I cannot say that, Marmaduke, for it is not no !- 1 am quite ready to go,' she replied, rising by looking out at the window; but this also he dis- true.” A frantie burst of wrath was the consequence. upon which he darted to the door, and having opened approved of, as exposing her to the gaze of every body." Leave me !" he cried, . . . " leave me, if you please. it for her, bowed gravely as she passed.” While she Then she said she would ensconse herself in the cor- .. I have not been accustomed at any period from sat dispirited in the drawing-room, she received a ner of the sofa, so that no one should penetrate the childhood to the present hour to be treated with in- second letter from her husband, written as before from secret of her existence till his return." The least ap- dignity.”. She started from her place as he spoke, a neighbouring apartment. He began smoothly-laproach to a joke displeased Mr Wentworth, and like a frightened fawn, and, seeking refuge in her mented the necessity of finding fault, but took credit something, not exactly a frown, but a general darken- chamber, sunk on her knees and burst into tears. for the sense of duty under which he acted, and the ing of the countenance, was the consequence ; but she The lovely bright-souled Isabella was now fully aware certainty that he could never say any thing ungentledid not happen to see it, and was still happy. While of the character of the man to whom she had united manlike to her. He then adverted to the disgust with he was away, she wrote a long letter full of high spi- herself, and feared too truly that misery must be her which he had been filled two hours before by finding rits to her parents. He returned, uneasy from being future lot.

one of his carriages used as a stage-coach." Can I disappointed of seats, and, when he saw her five or She sought to relieve her mind by taking an interest ever forget the close-packed female heads, obtruded, six scribbled pages, he suspected that she might have in the arrangements for the journey, but, after an amidst unseemly bursts of laughter, to enjoy the wagrepeated her joke as to her ensconcement from the hour or two had elapsed, received a letter from her geries of the outside passenger who sat beside the vulgar gaze. Matters, however, afforded no room for husband, written from a neighbouring room. Went-coachman ?" A lecture followed on Isabella's being an outbreak of spleen, until, he having rung the bell worth, it must be observed, was one who never sup- late at dinner ; and, after lacerating her feelings by to order the carriage, that he might drive her to a posed' he could himself be wrong. His native pride the most cutting remarks on those dearest to her, he fashionable hair-dresser, she unluckily said, “ Mr | had been fostered by vicious education ; he had been concluded by calling upon her to prove that she apWentworth, had not James better carry my accustomed to exercise his will in every thing, to preciated his “delicacy and kindness,” by meeting letter to Lord G. *'s before he comes round with the admit of no opposition in his domestic cirelo, and to him at coffee as sweetly serene and as tenderly affeccarriage ?” This fairly overset her husband's already charge upon others the faults of which he acquitted tionate as he could wish. She wished to obey the displeased mind; and, “What can your letter contain, himself. At the same time, he was most scrupulous behest, but natural feeling broke out at his approach Isabella,” said he, “ of such extreme importance as to to observe all the external decorums required of a in the words “Oh Marmaduko–I do so dearly love render it necessary to destroy all the arrangements. I gentleman, and while expressing the most cutting my father!" This overset his whole plan of opehave made for the morning--and that, too, only in things, never used an uncivil phrase. His letter re- rations; and “Leave me, madam, leave me, if you order that it may reach the embassy so very many minded her of the inferiority of her station and

edu- please !" sounded in her ears. She could not this

time, hours before the post goes out? Do just as you please, cation, which, he said, rendered her ignorant of the but, seizing and kissing his hand, beseeched forgivehowever. Never mind about the carriage, James. observance a high-bred gentleman required in all who ness. The humility soothed him, and he condeTake this letter to the English embassy. You re- approached him. It was his duty to remedy this scended to bend forward his lofty head and kiss her member where to find it, I suppose." Vexed and deficiency by pointing out her errors, and he hoped forehead. “Do not abuse my excessive tenderness,' slightly frightened, the lady beseeched him never to she would be a docile scholar. He called upon her he said, ' but henceforward receive all I say as you do what she asked, when he did not quite approve of above all things to remember the devoted attachment ought to do. You are forgiven !' and again he kissed it himself. But—« I have no wish to be a tyrant, he had shown to her in raising her to his own station, her."

Isabella,” replied he gravely. “ You must use your and hinted that he expected it to be repaid in obe- “When moralists, religionists, and philosophers of own judgment upon all ordinary occasions," &c. He dience and constant endeavours to please him. When all sorts, set about reasoning on the phenomena of the then abruptly went out, and spent the forenoon he appeared displeased, she was to understand that he world we live in, and, contemplating the mass of moodily in the Champs Elysées, while the young wife must have good reasons for it. Thus lectured on her human misery to be found therein, trace it to all the remained in the hotel, bewailing the ignorance which future duty, he expected her to enter the drawing- fearful crimes that since the fall of man have found had caused her so greatly to offend her husband. room immediately, with a smiling countenance, giving their way into the heart, they overlook one little cause

In the evening, she enjoyed the performances at him the assurance that his admonitions had been of suffering, which blights more happiness, and neuthe Théâtre Français much too heartily for his grave received as they deserved. And then he concluded tralises a greater portion of God's bounteous favours, and haughty taste. But the admiration excited by by signing himself her affectionate husband. Isabella than all the other heinous enormities of our depraved her beauty reconciled him, for her beauty was what could not read this paper without feeling that she race put together. This hateful, stealthy, heart-dehad caused him to stoop to her rank, and he delighted was treated unjustly, and, for the first time, she was stroying blight, is often found where every thing liko to see its power acknowledged by others.. "On the conscious of regarding her husband with a feeling atrocious vice is utterly unknown, and where many whole, Isabella, after nearly a fortnight's sojourn, allied to contempt. She had to try, nevertheless, to of the very highest virtues flourish. Probity, liberawould, if questioned on the subject, have been ready appear with the requisite countenance. On entering lity, temperance, observant piety, may all exist with a to declare herself very happy. And yet the coun- the room, she found her husband still betraying SOUR TEMPER ; yet many a human being has been tenance which she daily studied with more and more appearances of agitation ; but he instantly made an hung in chains whose justly punished deeds have not anxiety, was occasionally obscured by a cloud, whose effort also, and, approaching in a manner meant to be caused one-hundredth part the pain to his fellow-men cause she was unable to explain ; but she still took it tender, said, “ Kiss me, my love." Isabella hardly knew which a cross temperament is sure to give." for granted that it must arise from some ignorance or why this obliging command seemed more difficult to The nice, fastidious, and pompous nature of Wentdeficiency in herself. Watchfully, most watchfully, obey than any other he could have imposed upon her. worth, sat 'uneasily under the infliction of the comdid she labour to discover wherein she had failed, In half an hour after, they were on their way to Eng- pany of next day;

and matters were made worse by whenever an air of cold stiffness took place of the land.

the good humour of the guests, who as yet dreamt not fond gallantry which still distinguished her husband's Every day made her more and more fully aware that Isabella was under the dominion of a tyrant. A demeanour towards her; and thankfully would she that she was thenceforward to move, aet, and think, new " waggery" of the rector made the host pale with have welcomed any remonstrance that might have only according to the imperious will of her husband anger; and, in the drawing-room, a free and easy helped her to become any thing and every thing he She yielded a little more than was quite agreeable to address from the eccentric blue-stocking aunt, put wished. But nothing beyond an occasional blighting, him, and the following speech was therefore pronounced him into a transport of rage, which, however, he took though silent, look of estrangement, had yet occurred one day, after he had drawn up a window in the car. care to conceal by leaving the room. This led to a to give her the first lesson on the instability of human riage which she had just let down : “My dear love, I violent scene afterwards, in which the unhappy young happiness; and more than once, when her young heart think the air may be too much for you. But do not wife was made fully aware of the disgust which Mr was heavy within her, she hardly knew why, she en- scruple to object to any thing I do, that you may Wentworth felt for her humble relations. A settled deavoured to accuse herself of caprice and exigence, not happen to like ;—it will in no way displease sadness now took possession of her, and led to a conrather than conceive it possible that the man she só me : indeed, on the contrary, I should rather like it, viction on the part of her husband that she was badearnestly desired to believe perfect was out of humour as I feel great interest in discovering what your feel tempered, for, like most such persons, he mistook the without a cause.".

ings and sentiments are on all subjects. And when consequences of his own sourness for sourness in its They frequented the salons of a gay English resi- it happens that I do not perfectly agree with you, it wretched and disconcerted victim. This notion, dent, Mrs Clifton Darville, and there Isabella shone need produce no mortification on your part, as, of strange to say, was not disagreeable to him; it fortifor the time as a brilliant novelty. One evening, course,

dearest, I shall never scruple to set you right. fied him in his self-acquitting habits. seated on a sofa, she became the centre of the general | Ask, then, for every thing you wish, my dearest Isa- A few days afterwards, the young pair received a conversation, every one delighting in the naïvete with bella, with perfect confidence that I will never abuse visit from the dowager Mrs

Wentworth, a heartless which she defended Shakspeare from the derogatory the trust you have reposed in me by permitting the woman of fashion, still, comparatively speaking, remarks of Voltaire. Wentworth, naturally shy and slightest thing that I do not perfectly approve." young-faultlessly elegant, smooth of speech, but uncondescending, and never forgetting what might The morning after their return to the splendours possessed by the most hostile spirit towards Isabella, be thought of the comparatively recent rise of his of Oakton Park, the young wife's heart yearned to go whom she had considered as a most unsuitable match family, was carried beyond common bounds by the to see her own family; but though permitted to do so, for her son. During the first evening, Wentworth éclat which attended his wife, and was induced to say and even to give them an invitation to dinner, she pointed her out as a mirror of every grace and virtue to the Duc de B****, who was contending with her was also made to feel that she must not hereafter ex- to his wife, whom he rebuked for trifles in her prefor the superiority of the Merope to Coriolanus, “Let pect to see much of them, or to see her husband pay sence. In some arrangements, afterwards, Isabella me challenge you to make a party with my young them much courtesy. She had made up her mind, endeavoured to occupy the exact place in the group wifo to decide this question-come and pay us a visit that, if possible, no word or look on her part should which the dowager thought proper to assign her; at my London mansion next spring, and I will under betray that she was disappointed with her husband. but this was not at all times an easy matter, If take that Coriolanus shall be played to you.” The Yet they perceived that she did not look well, and old she withheld the expression of her opinion, “ You Duc was hanging at the moment on some words of Colonel Seaton beheld her with a melancholy feel- seem to care very little about it," was the observation Mrs Wentworth, and did not on the instant reply. ing, which he did not express, and no one thought of that followed ; and if she unhappily differed from her Wentworth, thinking himself insulted, coloured to penetrating: The party, excepting the colonel, ac- on any point, the result was much worse, being inthe temples, and led his wife from the room, in a state companied her to Appleton to see Isabella's aunts, and variably finished by a remark that "any thing was of agitation not to be described. As they drove home, much hilarity prevailed amongst them all, while the better than a dispute ;" while, when she pronounced he did not fail to make her participate in his own young wife " sat in the midst of them, the centre, as a cordial approval, and agreement in opinion, all anguish, and announced his intention of returning to they fondly imagined, of all their joys, yet conscious notice whatever in return was carefully avoided. England on the morrow. She retired to rest, with a herself that a blight hung upon her, which sooner or There was an eternal schooling about every thing she spirit deeply wounded, and sadly in contrast with the later must spread among them all." Her carriage said and did, that required more than angel patience splendours which surrounded her.

returned to the rectory at Abbot's Preston, filled with to endure, and the slightest word displeasing to their Next day, amongst other preparations for departure, her friends, and her father laughingly conversing with self-esteem was set down to "her unhappy temper.". it was necessary to write apologies to various parties them from the coach-box, when, to her horror, she with whom they had engagements. Mr Wentworth beheld her husband approaching. The affectionate

The delicate and interesting situation in which she

was soon after declared to be, procured her some temimposed this duty upon his wife, who was ill qualified greetings of the worthy family were received with porary relief. Her friends were allowed to visit her for it, not being accustomed to devise fair excuses. I cold politeness by the severe-natured squire ; and I in a private way in her room; and her husband was so

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ON A WELL-KNOWN COUPLET.

much pleased as to yield to a wish that a Mr Norris, ever endangered. She revived to the possession of an selfishness or ignorance of particular individuals and
a young clergyman affianced to Margaret, should suc- ample fortune, which, from the first, had been settled parties.
ceed the Oakton rector on his expected demise. But upon her by her husband, who, it must be remem-

TREATMENT OF NEW IDEAS. some unlucky circumstances took place. The eccen- bered, had had but one fault. The conclusion of her

A new idea or invention is first met with universal foie unt came one day in her outré attire and man- story will be readily imagined. Alfred Reynolds distrust. It will never do ; the man is an enthusiast ; asked, in a free and easy way, for the loan of a parti: was well fitted to render happy, and the life of Isaa theless, perhaps ; and then all the very same people cufar book. She was received with a tremendous bella Worthington was thenceforward one of peace who formerly denounced it as an innovation, turn frown, and a declaration that his servants should for and true enjoyment.

round and say, “Oh, all that was quite well known the future save him from her “ribald jestings and The terrible effects of a proud and irritable nature before." low-bred impertinence;" to which she replied, by re-in short, of bad temper-are shown in the most minding him that his grandfather was a commoner, striking light by this domestic tale. There was not GOOD AND BAD IN THE SAME CHARACTER. while hers was a baronet of old creation ; and then one of the world's set of vices in Wentworth's cha

Many are highly estimable in one relation to their left him in a state of irritation, fearful even to his racter ; he had an ample fortune, an elegant person, a fellow-creatures, and not in another. For instance, mother to behold. The very next morning, the cultivated mind-every one, indeed, of the advantages present any unfortunate, or feeble, or depressed per young rattling brother Charles, newly returned from that can belong to men of his class. But he was

son to their consideration, and they will be untiring Oxford, and not at all aware of the austere

character himself the victim of the most harassing sensations, in the exercise of benevolence towards that person. of Wentworth, thought he would give

his sister

a gay and a source of distress inconceivable to all intimately But present to their consideration any person of supesurprise, by coming to Oakton with cloak and guitar connected with him, and even to those whom he loved, rior qualities or in superior circumstances to their to treat her to an early serenade. After being with or thought he loved,

in consequence of one faul!-- own, and they immediately appear as if the spirit difficulty saved from summary ejectment from the bad temper. How afflicting such a consideration of malice were in undisputed possession of them. park at the command of its master, he was introduced How important to take every means possible to check This alternation between benevolence and its opposite to the breakfast table, where he was treated with the and regulate such a disposition in its earliest manifes- is ruled by self-esteem. In the first case, the selfgreatest coldness, and soon made aware that his sister tations!

It is in vain to say that marriage and other esteem is pleased in conteinplating an inferior ; in Isabella another letter from her husband, in which he against. No being can be altogether shut up from character may thus appear very different to different declared that her family had become the bane of his the power of troubling others in one way or another. persons-kind and genial to some, and bitter and maexistence, and that he dreaded the consequences as to It is only by the proper and timely use of strong lignant to others; as the shield was thought to be his own health ; with many more particular remarks moral correctives that the evil can be even mitigated; gold by the gentleman who came from the west, and as to their dress, manners, and station, of the most cut- and amongst these we would reckon such affecting silver by the gentleman who came from the east. It ting nature. Obliged, half an hour after, to drive out pictures of the vice and its consequences as that pre- is needless to remark that so very bad a fault as envy with him, he found her in tears, and this led to new sented in the book of whose merits and interest we

cannot be palliated by the exhibition in the same cha upbraidings. He was astonished to find that his just have here given, we fear, but a faint abstract.

racter, towards other objects, of any amount of beneand necessary rebuke, in which he had avoided every

volence. harsh word and ungentlemanlike expression, should

OCCASIONAL NOTES.

THE LEARNED PROFESSIONS. affect her so, and set it all down to temper. The marriage of Margaret approached, and he was anxious

We have been

informed that lately there has been that neither he nor his wife should be present at it. Dr Johnson, in the lines which he added to the attend medical classes, with a view to the profession

a great falling-off in the number of young men who Earnestly attached to her sister, she made for once a small effort to oppose his will, but met with such a “Traveller,” says,

of the surgeon or physician. Some professors have reply as to leave her no inclination to repeat the ex “How small, of all that human hearts endure,

not above a half, and others two-thirds, of their forperiment. She became, indeed, a completely passive That part which laws or kings can cause or cure." mer number of pupils. The number of students for being in the hands of her husband, obliged to act by This sentiment is sometimes quoted as the expression altogether a gratifying

piece of intelligence. The

other professions is likewise diminishing. This is important matters, nearly denied all intercourse with of a truth, and, doubtless, it has imposed upon many vanity of parents has long deluged the country with her family, shut up amidst splendours which she might minds. It is of importance to observe that, pro a class of persons possessing the education of gentlecall hers, but with a heart that had no enjoyment in nounced as it was by Johnson, and sanctioned by men, yet without the means of respectable subsistence; life, and which revolted at the very caresses which Goldsmith, it is nevertheless grossly untrue. Laws in other words, there have been about ten times more her husband thought should have been a consolation and governments both do cause and could cure many there have been any demands for. We have heard it for every pain his wholesome counsel inflicted.

One day, the unhappy lady indulged for a few of the ills endured by human hearts. We shall stated, that in Scotland alone, there are at all times minutes in a conversation with her sister, the one here say nothing of any evils which are caused by eight hundred young men ready for vacancies in standing in the park, and the other in Mr Norris's governments, for our meaning and motives might be church livings, although not more than twenty or them, visited his wife immediately after with a letter, the subject, a very few words might, we think, prevent the monstrousness of the error, or rather crime, which rectory garden. Wentworth, chancing to observe misinterpreted. With regard to the other division of thirty vacancies occur annually.

We wish we had the power to impress parents with the Norrises at a distance by withholding the presen any desponding or dreamy politician from ever again they commit in bringing up their children to any of tation to the rectory. The pain of this infliction was quoting the couplet in confirmation of an argument. these learned professions, without the means of supso acute that Isabella fainted, and the premature birth Ā government, for instance, has it in its power to esporting them in a respectable style till they procure of a weakly, heir followed. The event procured for tablish a good police ; this, by protecting property, may settled situations in life. The sufferings in mind as terval, the old system of rigid subjection and suffering be the means of preventing many evils. It has it in well as body frequently endured by young men

reared was resumed. Her simplest acts and words were its power to establish good sanatory regulations,

which ployment, are exquisite in the extreme. After years interpreted by her tyrant into symptoms of bad may tend much to the benefit of the people

. Twelve of study, they find themselves mere hangers-on upon temper, and were punished by poignant reproaches. thousand people die annually of small-pox in Great society. They observe their old school-fellows "getShe placidly submitted to all, fearful lest any genuine Britain, in consequence of the ignorant perseverance in ting on” in their different callings--some actively enmark of spirit should be employed as a reason for inoculation : here government

very rightly interferes, gaged in trade, and perhaps making fortunes ; others substituting a foster-mother to her child. To avoid and says there shall be no inoculation under penalty are farmers in comfortable circumstances, with having her relations present at the christening, the of a month's imprisonment. Does it not here cure a family was removed to London, where equal miseries attended her. She was now a thin and pale creature, great evil? Leave a people to themselves in a large and, as they hear, occupy excellent situations in the

colonies—all, at least,

are doing something, while they the very ghost of her former self. Yet not the most city, and probably no such thing as a right sewerage

are doing nothing. But even while doing nothing, faint idea ever visited the mind of her husband, that will be found amongst them. Proprietors of houses they have to support a handsome appearance ; they the change was solely owing to his imperious and already built and occupied will think they can do must live apparently well, dress well, and keep comirritable temper.

One tremendous fit of passion, without sewers : builders will rear new streets, and pany with the set most proper to their station; followed by a letter, was brought on by her saying, never once think of spending money on this kind of and all this only by drawing on already exhausted without the slightest tone of pique, that, if she were too convenience. But government can come in and com

parents, by incurring debts, or by other shifts and ill to preside at the christening dinner, the elder Mrs pel proprietors

to have sewers, whereby the health of schemes which involve no small degree of secret suf. by her sister, Mrs Norris, writing her a letter of dry the people will be preserved instead of destroyed. fering to the feelings. Do not let it be imagined that detail, indicating a fear that it was sure to meet his Sce a poor widow in the midst of five young children, we could tell innumerable cases of a most

heart-rend bye. The time had now come when she wished herself immediately

after the husband and father has been ing nature, which have fallen within our own limited dead. Her distresses were, if possible, increased by carried off by a contagious fever, generated or at least observation. And not alone are the young men themhis discharging an affectionate and sympathising favoured by the want of sewerage in a large city, and selves blighted ; their parents generally lire to suffer country girl, who, since her marriage, had acted as quote the couplet after that, if you can. To bring this for their folly, and to repent that they should ever her maid. For the sake of her health and that of her point out more clearly, we may advert to the fact that have thought of rearing their son to be a gentleman, infant, they removed to Shanklin in the Isle of Wight, in England there is a law to enforce sewerage in new or, strictly speaking, a downdraught. where a man of doubtful character, named Nutcomb, streets, and not in Scotland: now, if government can We are glad to find that this frenzy is abating. contrived to insinuate himself into the good graces of prevent the evil to the south of the Tweed, it can surely Within these last ten years, people have begun to the usually reserved Wentworth, and by flattery to prevent it to the north also. Again, government may exercise a little more common sense in the education engage him in play. The infant now pined and died, establish and encourage education, and, by moralising and rearing of their children. Many now reason in aud Isabella returned to Oakton, as a being who was the people, save them from many evils. What has given this manner: “I once thought of bringing up my not to be long in this world. Her husband, leaving to Scotland all the benefits of her parish schools, such son George to one of the learned professions, but I her there, with strict injunctions against intercourse as they are, but a dictum of the government of a for- understand from every body that such a step would be with her family, proceeded to London to attend his mer age? What is giving to Prussia the advantage very dangerous ; besides, it would take a great deal of parliamentary duties; but he had not been many days of an universal system of education, but the govern- money-probably not less than eight hundred pounds, in town, when an accidental meeting with Nutcomb, ment! We are apt, when we see a person suffering one way and another-ay, perhaps, far more, if I whom he had discovered to be a gambler by profession, under some actual iil in a private domestic scene, to should have to keep him for a number of years. Well

, and a man of base designs, led to a duel, in which think that surely this is a matter quite independent that settles the point. I will much rather give him a Wentworth fell.

of government ; but it may not be so. Possibly, if the plain useful education; and when the time comes, if I The intelligence threw the already much weakened government had established some particular regula- can spare it, let him have a few hundred pounds to Isabella into a state of stupor, from which she was tion, or in time set up some institution, long wished set him up in some kind of business. The eight hunwith difficulty recovered by her friends. Carried for but never obtained, the evil might not have taken dred pounds that it would take to make him a doctor, immediately to her former happy home, she was place. There are, no doubt, many things beyond the would be much better bestowed in putting that amount nursed back into being by the exercise of the greatest proper range of the operations of a government, and of cash into his pocket, and sending him off as an tenderness, but it was long before a conscientious many things which it would only spoil by interfering emigrant to the colonies. Or, now that I think on't, feeling towards her late husband would allow her to with; but at the same time there are many of our why should one of my family get all I can spare ! r'u indulge even in a tranquil

cheerfulness. By wise expe- most private concerns in which we might experience keep the eight hundred pounds, and we'll all emigrats dients , her friends at length succeeded in re-establishing its beneficial influence, supposing it to be guided together, and so every one

of us will get the good of that health which nothing but mental suffering had upon enlightened principles, and not thwarted by the lit.? Capitally reasoned, good Mr Father-of-a-family.

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