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THE DESERT OF JERICHO.

THE LEISURE OF THE WORKING-CLASSES.

of that day lived sumptuously on thirty rupees a-month, kissed his little favourite over and over again, and then The desert is an immense plain, with several elevations, spreading no other carpeting on their sabine floors he proceeded to tie the rope around and across her, which sink successively, as far as the river Jordan, by 1 than a coating of fresh cow-dung, asking no other light so as to guard against all possibility of its slipping. regular gradations, like the steps of a natural staircase. whereby to read their dispatches than what was ad. Having accomplished this, he shouted to Peter to puli The eye can distinguish only one complete plain ; but mitted through oyster-shell windows, and enjoying no away-kissed the little Rosa once more, and then congafter marching an hour, we come all at once on one of other luxury than a healthy shaking in a homely but mitted her to the vacant air. Nothing could equal the these terraces, which we descend by a rapid slope, and neatly curtained bullock-hackery. But times are altered, anxiety he endured whilst he beheld her slowly rising march another hour, when there is a fresh descent, and and it is now the capital of Western India, the third in upwards. And when he beheld the mother's hands apthus the whole way. The soil is a white compact sand, the scale of rank and seniority in the eastern empire. pear over the edge of the rock, and snatch her from his covered by a concrete and saline crust, produced doubt. Its increase of population has kept pace with its politi- sight, nothing could match the shout of delight which he less by the fogs from the Dead Sea, which, on their cal and commercial advancement. While neighbouring gave. The maternal screams of joy which followed, and evaporation, deposit this salt crust. There is no stone cities waned in consequence and wealth, Bombay pro- which came faintly down to his ears, were to him a full or earth, except on approaching the river or the moun

gressed in both, and attracted to itself, as to a focus of reward for all the terrors of his desperate enterprise. tains; there is, on all sides, å vast horizon ; and we speculation or employment,

the adventurous, the in- For that instant he forgot the perilous situation in which distinguished, from an immense distance, an Árab gal dustrious, and the needy: The transfer of the Presi- he then stood, and the risk that he had yet to run ere loping over the plain. As this desert is the theatre of dency from Surat, and its decline in trade, brought he could hope to be extricated from it.-Sir Thomes their attacking, pillaging, and massacring the caravans

Parsees, Banyans, and Boras. The overthrow of Tip- | Dick Lauder's Tales of the Highlands. going from Jerusalem to Damascus, or from Mesopo- poo's power, the capture of the Dutch settlements, and tamia to Egypt, the Arabs take advantage of some de

the decline of the Portuguese, produced a similar influx tached hills formed by the moving sand, and have also from the south. Goa, Cochin, and every other part on [From an Address of the Rer. Archibald Bennie, at tbe openerected artificial ones, to hide themselves from the ob- the western coast, sent respectively Sinoys and Malpas, | ing of the Edinburgh School of Arts, Oct. 28, 1840.] servation of the caravans, and to descry them from Malabar, Dutch, and Portuguese Christians. The down- There is no such thing as absolute mental idleness. afar; they hollow out the sand on the summit of these fall of the Peshwa, and the breaking up of the great If the mind be not active for good, it is active for evil. hills, and there burrow with their horses. As soon as

Mahratta courts and armies, thronged the place with It may not be rightly directed, or vigorously exercised, they perceive their prey, they dart with the rapidity of Brahmins and upland peasants, men of the sword and or subject to any method in its efforts ; but it will be the falcon ; they go to apprise their tribe, and return of the pen. The trade in pearls and carpets brought busied about something, obeying the impulse of some all together to the attack. Such is their only industrial Jews and Armenians, and the demand for the beautiful predominant desire, or pursuing some familiar and occupation, such their only glory; civilisation with them Arabian horse lured to its shores a dense population favourite current of thought. No man of regular and is murder and pillage, and they attach as much import- altogether new, presenting alternately the physiognomy steady mental habits will go and stand on the street. The ance to their successes in this species of exploit, as our

of the graceful and effeminate Persian, the small and circumstances are not suitable, and will be shunned. conquerors to the acquisition of a province. Their piercing features of the Arab, and the wild swarthy Here lies the great mischief of idleness. The mind is poets, for they have poets, celebrate in their verses

and hairy-looking visages of Caubul Candaur, or Kur- left open by it to every passing impression and accithese scenes of barbarity, and deliver down, from gene- distan. The partial opening of the trade, the profits dental impulse. It is precisely in the state in which ration to generation, the honoured memory of their of the opium speculations, and the accession of terri- temptation can bear most successfully upon it. It is courage and their crimes. The horses have a consi- tory which followed the success of arms in 1816, nearly standing in the market, ready for the call of the vices; derable share of the glory assigned them in these re- quadrupled the number of British inhabitants. Add and it will not remain long without a call

. It is heartcitals: here is one, which the scheik's son related to to the above, Italian and American missionaries, tra- breaking to think what multitudes of the young there us on the way

vellers, experimentalists, and professional men from are who are hurried into vices of various kinds--early “ An arab and his tribe had attacked in the desert the continent of Europe ; persecuted Christians from dissipation, with its dark and numerous train of sins. the caravan of Damascus; the victory was complete, Georgia ; ruined families from Cashmere, Polish counts, Self-murderers are they in the most fearful sense of and the Arabs were already occupied in loading their Dutch barons, Malays, sailors, negro-servants, Macao the appalling name. Let no one for a moment suppose rich booty, when the troops of the Pacha of Acre, com traders, Brazil merchants, Canton shoemakers, Pekin that, in appealing thus strongly, we would deny the ing to meet this caravan, fell suddenly upon the victo- sausage-makers, bakers, Bhya hamauls, Camatee Chu- working man a single rational comfort or pleasure. I rious Arabs, slew a great number of them, made the treewalas, together with a long string of gipsies, tum- have the most intense abhorrence of all those measures remainder prisoners, and, having tied them with cords, blers, fire-eaters, drum-beaters, sarungeo-players, danc- and schemes, whether legislative or otherwise, which conducted them to Acre to present them before the ing-girls, and courtesans, from every quarter of India; would stint the poor mau's beer, and spare the rich pacha. Abou-cl-Marsch, the Arab of whom he spoke, and there is a mottled population of 400,000 persons, man's wine. There is no member of society who dehad received a ball in his arm during the combat; as

more multifarious in country, religion, caste, language, serves more richly a measure of rational comfort and his wound was not mortal, the Turks had fastened him complexion, and profession, 'than perhaps any other enjoyment than a hard-working mechanic. But I do on a camel, and having obtained possession of his horse, city in the world could at the present day produce.- not wish to see him often in the alehouse. When he led off both horse and horseman. The evening before Newspaper paragraph.

takes enjoyment, I would have him to do so in presence which they were to enter Acre, they encamped with

of those whose claims upon him operate with the power

A CHILD CARRIED OFF BY AN EAGLE. their prisoners in the mountains of Saphad; the wounded

of virtuous restraints, and are felt to be incompatible Arab had his legs bound together by a leathern thong,

An infant, in the care of Charley Stewart, a boy ten with excess. A habit of frequenting public scenes of and was stretched near the tent where the Turks were years old, had been carried off by an eagle to his nest dissipation will sooner or later prove fatal. It has sleeping. During the night, kept awake by the pain of in the mountains. The distracted mother, with the boy always appeared to me that such institutions as this his wound, he heard his horse neigh amongst the other and a feeble old man, followed it. Having reached the afford to working men a refuge from temptations to horses fastened around the tents according to oriental summit of the crag by a circuitous path, they could gross vice. There are higher and holier considerations, usage. He recognised his neigh, and, unable to resist now descry the two eagles to which the nest belonged, indeed, that should be brought to bear upon the chathe desire of speaking once more to the companion of soaring aloft at a great distance. They looked over the racter, without whose influence vice will never

appear his life, he dragged himself with difficulty along the cliff as far as they could stretch with safety; but the detestable evil which it really is; and it will not ground, by the assistance of his hands and knees, and although old Peter was so well acquainted with the be supposed that I can have the slightest intention to came up to his courser. Poor friend,' said he to it, place where the nest was built, as at once to fix on the overlook or undervalue these. Without doing so, it

what wilt thou do amongst the Turks Thou wilt be very spot whence the descent ought to be made, the may be safely affirmed, that the time spent in attendimmured under the arches of a khan, with the horses verge of the rock there projected itself so far over the ance on the School of Arts is so much taken from tempof an aga or of a pacha; the women and the children ledge where the nest rested, as to render it quite invitation, while it is innocently and rationally employed. will no longer bring thee the camel's milk, or the barley, sible from above. They could only perceive the thick I beg, therefore, to press this most earnestly upon the or the doura in the hollow of their hands; thou wilt no

sea of pine foliage that rose up the slope below, and attention of my hearers. An idle hour upon the street longer run free in the desert, as the wind of Egypt; clustered closely against the base of the precipicé. A may form the inlet to vices which will degrade and thou wilt no more divide the waters of the Jordan with few small stunted fir-trees grew scattered upon the defile a whole life. Keep the working man from this thy breast, and cool thy skin, as white as their foam : otherwise bare summit where they stood. Old Peter danger-give him suitableoccupation for this liourmand therefore, if I remain a slave, remain thou free!-go, sat himself

down behind one of these, and placed the probability is, you rescue him from years of misery return to the tent which thou knowest ; say to my wife a leg on each side of it, so as to secure himself from and shame. that Abou-el-Marsch will return no more, and put thy all chance of being pulled over the precipice by any

THE CHILD A MORAL INSTRUCTOR. head under the curtains of the tent to lick the hands of sudden jerk, whilst Charley's little fingers were actively A child is a moral instructor, and the silent lessons my little children. Whilst speaking thus, Abou-el- employed in undoing the great bundle of hair-line

, it inculcates are felt by the most vitiated and depraved. goat-hair which fetters Arab horses, and the animal his armpits

. The unhappy mother was now busily never been fully estimated ; but those who have visited was free; but seeing its master wounded and bound at assisting the boy, and now moving restlessly about, in our prisons, and who have had to deal with the most its feet , the faithful and sagacious steed understood by doubtful hesitation whether she should yet allow him hardened

criminals, know that there is a well-spring of instinct what no language could explain to him. He to go down. When all was ready, Charley Stewart affection in a father's heart, which even the fires of the

the skien-dhu into his hoe, and went boldly but

worst guilt have not dried up; and the name of a child, with his teeth by the

leathern thong which he had about cautiously over the edge of the clífr. He was no sooner like the wand of the prophet, has drawn living waters On arriving and placing his master on the sand, at the degree so alarming, that Bessy Macdermot stood upon it nourishes principles of the highest value in human feet of his wife and children, the horse expired from the giddy verge gnawing her very fingers, from the life: every emotion of love, felt or received, is a part fatigue. All the tribe wept for him, the poets have horrible dread that possessed her that she was to see it of education which cannot safely be

disregarded. So celebrated him, and his name is constantly in the mouths give way and divide. Peter sat astride against the root far, then, as is possible, no system of education should of the Arabs of Jericho.”- Lamartine's Travels in the of the tree, carefully eyeing every inch of the line ere totally separate families, or supersede the arrangements

he allowed it to pass through his hands, and every now of domestic life. Except in very desperate cases, the FORMER AND PRESENT STATE OF BOMBAY.

and then pausing—hesitating, shaking his head most interchange of affectionate communications between

ominously, as certain portions of it, here and there, fathers, mothers, children, brothers, and sisters, every A few centuries since, this island was a mere settle appeared to him of doubtful strength. Meanwhile, morning and evening, is of inestimable importance to ment of gardeners and bhundaries, known only for Charley felt himself gradually descending, and turning morality. Cases have come under the personal cog. the arrack and cocoa-nut oil, which, in common with round at the end of the rope by his own weight, his nisance of the writer, where parents, vicious but not other palm-clad ctasts, it transmitted to the interior, brave little heart beating, and his brain whirling, from wholly depraved, have been induced to commence a and for the flower of its Mazagong mangoes, of which the novelty and danger of his daring attempt-the career of reform by witnessing the gradual improveit sent a yearly tribute to the court of Delhi. Even screams of the young eagles sounding harshly in his ment of their children. As they witnessed their prolittle more than half a century ago, though a fortified ears, and growing louder and louder as he slowly gress, and saw them undesignedly revealing the dawn. settlement of some consequence, it was insignificant neared them. He reached the slanting surface of the ings of intelligence, and the development of moral in comparison with what it is at the present day; the ledge, and found the child between two eaglets. Being principles in their little minds, they became more and whole population of the place did not amount to above at once satisfied that it would be worse than hazardous more attached to them, and unconsciously took those sixty thousand inhabitants, consisting entirely of a few to trust the hair-line with the weight of the child, in for their examples to whom nature had designed that tribes of Hindoos and Hindoo Portuguese, l'he island addition to his own, he undid it from his body.. Apwas constantly ravaged by Angria, and other Mahratta proaching the nest, he gently lifted the crying infant fore, be a principle in education to keep the bonds of

they should be models themselves. It should, therepirates, as far as Byeullah. The grand jury consisted from between its two screeching and somewhat pugna- family unbroken.Taylor's Natural History of Society. of Portuguese fuzendars from Mahim, who took their cious companions. The moment he had done so, the seats with bare legs and shaven heads, while their sons little innocent became quiet, and instantly recognis officered the defensive militia, and figured on the pa- him; she held out her hands, and smiled and chuckled

LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by

W.8. ORR, Paternoster Row. rades in caps of congeed cotton. The few civil servants to him, at once oblivious of her miseries. Charley Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars

East.

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CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

NUMBER 468.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 16, 1841.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

man.

half-mountain, on the opposite side-east-east by south, Now, this was more of Fin’s philosophy; for the A LEGEND OF KNOCKMARY.*

as the sailors say, when they wish to puzzle a lands- real state of the case was, that he pitched upon the WHAT Irish man, woman, or child, has not heard of

top of Knockmary in order that he might be able to our renowned Hibernian Hercules, the great and glo Now, the truth is, for it must come out, that honest see Cucullin coming towards the house, and, of course, rious Fin M'Coul? Not one, from Cape Clear to the Fin's affection for his wife, though cordial enough in that he himself might go to look after his distant Giant's Causeway, nor from that back again to Cape itself, was by no manner or means the real cause of his transactions in other parts of the country, rather Clear. And by the way, speaking of the Giant's journey home. There was at that time another giant, than-but no matter—we do not wish to be too hard Causeway brings me at once to the beginning of my named Cucullin-some say he was Irish, and some say on Fin. All we have to say is, that if he wanted a story. Well, it so happened that Fin and his gigantic he was Scotch—but whether Scotch or Irish, sorrow spot from which to keep a sharp look-out-and, berelatives were all working at the Causeway, in order doubt of it but he was a targer. No other giant of the tween ourselves, he did want it grievously—barring to make a bridge, or what was still better, a good stout day could stand before him; and such was his strength, Slieve Croob, or Slieve Donan, or its own cousin, pad-road, across to Scotland; when Fin, who was very that, when well vexed, he could give a stamp that shook Cullamore, he could not find a neater or more confond of his wife Oonagh, took it into his head that he the country about him. The fame and name of him venient situation for it in the sweet and sagacious would go home and see how the poor woman got on went far and near; and nothing in the shape of a man, province of Ulster. in his absence. To be sure, Fin was a true Irishman, it was said, had any chance with him in a fight. Whe “God save all here!” said Fin, good humouredly, on and so the sorrow thing in life brought him back, only ther the story is true or not, I cannot say, but the putting his honest face into his own door. to see that she was snug and comfortable, and, above report went that, by one blow of his fist, he flattened “Musha Fin, avick, an' you're welcome home to all things, that she got her rest well at night; for he a thunderbolt and kept it in his pocket, in the shape your own Oonagh, you darlin' bully." Here followed knew that the poor woman, when he was with her, of a pancake, to show to all his enemies when they a smack that is said to have made the waters of the used to be subject to nightly qualms and configura were about to fight him. Undoubtedly he had given lake at the bottom of the hill curl, as it were, with tions, that kept him very anxious, decent man, striving every giant in Ireland a considerable beating, barring kindness and sympathy. to keep her up to the good spirits and health that she Fin M'Coul himself; and he swore, by the solemn con “ Faith,” said Fin, “beautiful; an' how are you, had when they were first married. So, accordingly, he tents of Moll Kelly's Primer, that he would never Oonagh—and how did you sport your figure during pulled up a fir-tree, and, after lopping off the roots and rest, night or day, winter or summer, till he would my absence, my bilberry?" branches, made a walking-stick of it, and set out on serve Fin with the same sauce, if he could catch him. “Never a merrier--as bouncing a glass widow as ever his way to Oonagh.

Fin, however, who no doubt was the cock of the walk there was in sweet'Tyrone among the bushes.'” Oonagh, or rather Fin, lived at this time on the on his own dunghill, had a strong disinclination to Fin gave a short good-humoured cough, and laughed very tip-top of Knockmary Hill, which faces a cousin meet a giant who could make a young earthquake, or most heartily, to show her how much he was delighted of its own, called Cullamore, that rises up, half-hill, flatten a thunderbolt when he was angry; so he ac that she made herself happy in his absence.

cordingly kept dodging about from place to place, “An' what brought you home so soon, Fin ?” said * The above paper, communicated by William Carleton, Esq., not much to his credit as a Trojan, to be sure, when- she. anthor of the “ Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry," ever he happened to get the hard word that Cucullin “Why, avourneen,” said Fin, putting in his answer gives a good idea of the strange hues which the national humour

was on the scent of him. This, then, was the marrow in the proper way, “never the thing but the purest of and fancy have thrown over most of the early popular legends of Ireland. Fin or Fion M'Coul is the same half-mythic being

of the whole movement, although he put it on his love and affection for yourself. Sure you know that's who figures as Fingal in Macpherson's Ossian's Poems. He was anxiety to see Oonagh; and I am not saying but truth, any how, Oonagh.” probably a distinguished warrior in some early stage of the his there was some truth in that too. However, the Fin spent two or three happy days with Oonagh, tory of Ireland; different authorities place him in the fifth and short and the long of it was, with reverence be it and felt himself very comfortable, considering the the ninth centuries. Whatever his real age, and whatever his

spoken, that he heard Cucullin was coming to the dread he had of Cucullin. This, however, grew upon real qualities, he was afterwards looked back to as a giant of immense size and strength, and became the subject of numerous

Causeway to have a trial of strength with him; him so much that his wife could not but perceive that wild and warlike legends both in Ireland and in the Highlands

and he was naturally enough seized, in consequence, something lay on his mind which he kept altogether of Scotland. Our Lowland poets of the middle ages give incon with a very warm and sudden fit of affection for his to himself. Let a woman alone, in the mean time, for testible evidence of the great fame then enjoyed by both Fingal wife, poor woman, who was delicate in her health, and ferreting or wheedling a secret out of her goodman, and Gaul the son of Morni. Barbour, for instance, in 1375, leading, besides, a very lonely uncomfortable life of it when she wishes. Fin was a proof of this. represents his hero Robert Bruce as making allusion to these

(he assured them), in his absence. He accordingly “ It's this Cucullin,” said he, “that's troubling me. two personages at the skirmish in Glendochart

. Garin Douglas, pulled up the fir-tree, as I said before, and having When the fellow gets angry, and begins to stamp, he'll who died in 1522, introduces their names into his poem, the Palace of Honour :

snedded it into a walking-stick, set out on his affection- shake you a whole townland; and it's well known that Great Gow MacMorn, and Fin MacCowl, and how ate travels to see his darling Oonagh on the top of he can stop a thunderbolt, for he always carries one They should be gods in Ireland, as they say. Knockmary, by the way.

about him in the shape of a pancake, to show to any Another Scottish poem, of obscure authorship, but of the same In truth, to state the suspicions of the country at one that might misdoubt it." age as the above, entitled An Interlude of the Droich's (Dwarf's] | the time, the people wondered very much why it was As he spoke, he clapped his thumb in his mouth, Part of the Play, conveys the extravagant popular notions of the

that Fin selected such a windy spot for his dwelling, which he always did when he wanted to prophesy, or day respecting the vast stature of not only Fin and Gaul, but of Fin's wife. Of Fin it says--

house, and they even went so far as to tell him as to know any thing that happened in his absence; and

much. Ay when he danced, the warld wad shog

the wife, who knew not what he did it for, said, very “What can you mane, Mr M‘Coul,” said they,“ by sweetly, -After he grew mickle at fouth,

pitching your tent upon the top of Knockmary, where “Fin, darling, I hope you don't bite your thumb at Eleven mile wide was his mouth,

you never are without a breeze, day or night, winter me, dear?" His teeth were ten miles square ;

or summer, and where you're often forced to take your “ No," said Fin; “but I bile my thumb, acushla," He wad upon his taes stand,

nightcap* without either going to bed or turning up said he. And tak the sterns down with his hand, And set them in a gold garland,

your little finger; ay, an' where, besides this, the “ Yes, jewel ; but take care and don't draw blood,” Above his wife's hair. sorrow's own want of water ?"

said she. “Ah, Fin, don't, my bully—don't.” Of the wife it may be enough to say...

“Why,” said Fin, “ever since I was the height of a “He's coming,” said Fin; “I see him below DunFor cauld she took the fever-tortan,*

round tower, I was known to be fond of having a good gannon.” For all the claith in France and Bertant

prospect of my own; and where the dickens, neigh “ Thank goodness, dear! an’ who is it, avick? Glory Wad not be till her leg a garten,

bours, could I find a better spot for a good prospect be to God!" Though she was young and tender.

than the top of Knockmary? As for water, I am “That baste Cucullin,” replied Fin; "and how to In Irish traditionary narrative, as appears from Mr Carleton's sinking a pump,+ and, plase goodness, as soon as the present sketch, Fin and his dame are kept within something causeway’s made, I intend to finish it."

manage I don't know. If I run away, I am disgraced ; comparatively moderate as respects bulk and strength, at the

and I know that sooner or later I must meet him, same time that enough of the giant is retained to contrast ludi

for my thumb tells me so.crously with the modern and natural feelings assigned to them,

“ When will he be here?” said she. * A common name for the cloud or rack that hangs, as a foreand the motives and maxims on which they and their enemy Cucullin are represented as acting.

runner of wet weather, about the peak of a mountain.

+ There is upon the top of this hill an opening that bears a very F.T.C., now rector of the adjoining parish, say that he found

strong resemblance to the crater of an extinct volcano. There is Ogham characters; and, if I do not mistake, I think he took a * Tcrtian feyer.

t Britain.

also a stone, upon which I have beard the Rev. Sidney Smith, 1 fac-simile of them.

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*

“ To-morrow, about two o'clock,” replied Fin, with ashamed of you. Keep your toe in your pump, will below, and it was his intention to pull them asunder; a groan.

you? Talking of pancakes, maybe we'll give him as but having heard of you, he left the place in such a “Well, my bully, don't be cast down,” said 00- good as any he brings with him — thunderbolt or fury, that he never thought of it. Now, if you try to nagh ; " depend on me, and maybe I'll bring you otherwise. If I don't treat him to as smart feeding find it, troth I'd feel it a kindness.” better out of this scrape than ever you could bring as he's got this many a day, never trust Oonagh again. She then brought Cucullin down to see the place, yourself, by your rule o' thumb."

Leave him to me, and do you just as I bid you.” which was then ail one solid rock; and, after looking This quieted Fin's heart very much, for he knew This relieved Fin very much ; for, after all, he had at it for some time, he cracked his right middle finger that Oonagh was hand and glove with the fairies ; great confidence in his wife, knowing, as he did, that nine times, and, stooping down, tore a cleft about two and, indeed, to tell the truth, she was supposed to be she had got him out of many a quandary before. The hundred feet deep, and a quarter of a mile in length, a fairy herself. If she was, however, she must have present, however, was the greatest of all; but still he which has since been christened by the name of Lumbeen a kind-hearted one ; for, by all accounts, she began to get courage, and was able to eat his victuals ford's Glen. This feat nearly threw Oonagh herself never did any thing but good in the neighbourhood. as usual. Oonagh then drew the nine woollen threads off her guard ; but what won't a woman's sagacity and

Now, it so happened that Oonagh had a sister named of different colours, which she always did to find out presence of mind accomplish? Granua living opposite them, on the very top of Culla- the best way of succeeding in any thing of importance “You'll now come in,” said she, “and eat a bit of more, which I have mentioned already, and this Granua she went about. She then platted them into three such humble fare as we can give you. Fin, even was quite as powerful as herself. The beautiful valley plats with three colours in each, putting one on her although he and you are enemies, would scorn not to that lies between them is not more than about five right arm, one round her heart, and the third round treat you kindly in his own house; and, indeed, if I miles broad, so that of a summer's evening Granua her right ankle, for then she knew that nothing could didn't do it even in his absence, he would not be and Oonagh were able to hold many an agreeable con- fail with her that she undertook.

pleased with me." versation across it, from the one hill-top to the other, Having every thing now prepared, she sent round to She accordingly brought him in, and placing half Upon this occasion, Oonagh resolved to consult her the neighbours and borrowed one-and-twenty iron a dozen of the cakes we spoke of before him, together sister as to what was best to be done in the difficulty griddles, which she took and put into one-and-twenty with a can or two of butter, a side of boiled bacon, that surrounded them.

cakes of bread, and these she baked on the fire in the and a stalk of cabbage, she desired him to help him“Granua," said she, “are you at home ?"

usual way, setting them aside in the cupboard accord self-for this, be it known, was long before the inven“No," said the other; " I'm picking bilberries in ing as they were done. She then put down a large tion of potatoes. Cucullin, who, by the way, was a Althadhawan” (Anglicé, the Devil's Glen).

pot of new milk, which she made into curds and glutton as well as a hero, put one of the cakes in his “ Well,” said Oonagh, “get up to the top of Culla- whey, and gave Fin due instructions how to use the mouth to take a huge whack out of it, when both Fin more, look about you, and then tell us what you see.” curds when Cucullin should come. Having done all and Oonagh were stunned with a noise that resembled

“Very well,” replied Granua, after a few minutes, this, she sat down quite contented, waiting for his ar- something between a growl and a yell.“ Fury!” he "I am there now."

rival on the next day about two o'clock, that being shouted ; “how is this? Here are two of my teeth “ What do you see !" asked the other. the hour at which he was expected-for Fin knew as out! What kind of bread is this you

gave me “Goodness be about us !" exclaimed Granua, “I much by the sucking of his thumb. Now, this was a “ What's the matter ?" said Oonagh coolly. see the biggest giant that ever was known, coming up curious property that Fin's thumb had ; but, notwith- “ Matter !" shouted the other again ; "why, here from Dungannon.”

standing all the wisdom and logic he used to suck out are the two best teeth in my head gone !" * Ay,” said Oonagh, “there's our difficulty. That of it, it could never have stood to him here were it “Why,” said she, “that's Fin's bread, the only giant is the great Cucullin; and he's now comin' up not for the wit of his wife. In this very thing, more- bread he ever eats when at home; but, indeed, 1 to lather Fin. What's to be done ?"

over, he was very much resembled by his great foe forgot to tell you that nobody can eat it but himself, “ I'll call to him," she replied, “ to come up to Cul. Cucullin; for it was well known that the huge strength and that child in the cradle there. I thought, howlamore, and refresh himself, and maybe that will give he possessed all lay in the middle finger of his right ever, that, as you were reported to be rather a stout you and Fin time to think of some plan to get your hand, and that, if he happened by any mischance to little fellow of your size, you might be able to manage selves out of the scrape. But,” she proceeded, “ I'm lose it, he was no more, notwithstariding his bulk, it, and I did not wish to affront a man that thinks short of butter, having in the house only half a dozen than a common man.

himself able to fight Fin. Here's another cake, maybe firkins, and I'd feel thankful, Oonagh, if you'd throw At length, the next day, he was seen coming across it's not so hard as that.” me up the largest miscaun you have got; for, to tell the valley, and Oonagh knew that it was time to com- Cucullin at the moment was not only hungry but you the truth, that same Cuvullin is easier kept a week mence operations. She immediately made the cradle, ravenous, so he accordingly made a fresh set at the than a fortnight.”

and desired Fin to lie down in it, and cover himself second cake, and immediately another yell was heard “ I'll do that with a heart and a half," replied Oonagh; up with the clothes.

twice as loud as the first. Thunder and giblets!" " and, indeed, Granua, I feel myself under great obli- “ You must pass for your own child,” said she ; " so he roared, “ take your bread out of this, or I will not gations to you for your kindness in keeping him off just lie there snug and say nothing, but be guided by have a tooth in my head ; there's another pair of of us, till we see what can be done ; for what would be me.” This, to be sure, was wormwood to Fin-1 them gone !" come of us all if any thing happened Fin, poor man?" mean going into the cradle in such a cowardly man- “Well, honest man,” replied Oonagh, "if you're

She accordingly got the largest miscaun of butter ner-but he knew Oonagh well; and finding that he not able to eat the bread, say so quietly, and don't be she had_which might be about the weight of a couple had nothing else for it, with a very rueful face he ga- wakening the child in the cradle there. There, now, dozen millstones, so that you may easily judge of its thered himself into it, and lay snug as she had desired he's awake upon me.”. size—and calling up to her sister, “Granua,” said she, him.

Fin now gave a skirl that startled the giant, as « are you ready? I'm going to throw you up a mis- About two o'clock, as he had been expected, Cucul- coming from such a youngster as he was represented caun, so be prepared to catch it."

lin came in. “God save all here!” said he ; " is this to be..“ Mother," said he, “ I'm hungry, get me “I will," said the other; "a good throw now, and where the great Fin M'Coul lives ?".

something to eat.”. Oonagh went over, and putting take care it does not fall short."

“ Indeed it is, honest man,” replied Oonagh ; “God into his hand a cake that had no griddle in it, Fin, Oonagh threw it ; but in consequence of her anxiety sáve you kindly-won't you be sitting?"

whose appetite in the mean time was sharpened by about Fin and Cucullin, she forgot to say the charm “Thank you, ma'am,” says he, sitting down ;“ you're what he saw going forward, soon made it disappear. that was to send it up, so that, instead of reaching Mrs M'Coul, I suppose ?",

Cucullin was thunderstruck, and secretly thanked his Cullamore, as she expected, it fell about half way be- “ I am,” said sho; " and I have no reason, I hope, stars that he had the good fortune to miss meeting tween the two hills, at the edge of the broad bog near to be ashamed of my husband.”

with Fin, for, as he said to himself, I'd have no chance Augher..

“ No,” said the other; "he has the name of being with a man who could eat such bread as that, which "My curse upon you !" she exclaimed ; "you've dis- the strongest and bravest man in Ireland ; but for all even his son that's but in his cradle can munch before graced me. I now change you into a grey stone. Lie that, there's a man not far from you that's very de- my eyes. there as a testimony of what has happened ; and may sirous of taking a shake with him. Is he at home ?" “ P'd like to take a glimpse at the lad in the cradle," evil betide the first living man that will ever attempt “ Why, then, no," she replied ; "and if ever a man said he to Oonagh ; " for I can tell you that the into remove or injure you !"

left his house in a fury, he did. It appears that some fant who can manage that nutriment is no joke to And, sure enough, there it lies to this day, with the one told him of a big basthoon of a giant called Cu- look at, or to feed with of a scarce summer." mark of the four fingers and thumb imprinted in it, cullin being down at the Causeway to look for him ; “With all the veins of my heart,” replied Oonagh. exactly as it came out of her hand.

and so he set out there to try if he could catch him. “Get up, acushla, and show this decent little man “ Never mind,” said Granua ; “I must only do the Troth, I hope, for the poor giant's sake, he won't meet something that won't be unworthy of your father, Fin best I can with Cucullin. If all fail, I'll give him a with him, for if he does, Fin will make paste of him M'Coul." cast of heather broth to keep the wind out of his at once.”

Fin, who was dressed for the occasion as much like stomach, or a panada of oak-bark to draw it in a bit; “Well,” said the other, “ I am Cucullin, and I have a boy as possible, got up, and bringing Cucullin outbut, above all things, think of some plan to get Fin out been seeking him these twelvemonths, but he always “ Are you strong ?" said he. of the scrape he's in, otherwise he's a lost man. You kept clear of me; and I will never rest night or day “ Thunder an ounds!” exclaimed the other, “what know you used to be sharp and ready-witted ; and my till I lay my hands on him."

a voice in so small a chap !". own opinion, Oonagh, is, that it will go hard with you, At this Oonagh set up a loud laugh, of great con- “ Are you strong?" said Fin again ; “ are you able to or you'll outdo Cucullin yet."

tempt, by the way, and looked at him as if he was squeeze water out of that white stone!” he asked, putShe then made a high smoke on the top of the hill, only a mere handful of a man.

ting one into Cucullin's hand. The latter squeezed after which she put her finger in her mouth, and gave "Did you ever see Fin ?" said she, changing her and squeezed the stone, but to no purpose; he might three whiatles, and by that Cucullin knew he was in- manner all at once.

pull the rocks of Lumford's Glen asunder, and flatten vited to Cullamore-for this was the way that the “How could I ?" said he ; "he always took care to a thunderbolt, but to squeeze water out of a white Irish long ago gave a sign to all strangers and travel- keep his distance."

stone was beyond his strength. Fin eyed him with lers, to let them know they were welcome to come and “I thought so," she replied ; “ I judged as much ; great contempt, as he kept straining and squeezing, také share of whatever was going.

and if you take my advice, you poor-looking creature, and squeezing and straining, till he got black in the In the mean time Fin was very melancholy, and you'll pray night and day that you may never see face with the efforts. did not know what to do, or how to act at all. Cucul- | him, for I tell you it will be a black day for you when Ah, you're a poor creature !” said Fin. “You a lin was an ugly customer, en doubt, to meet with; and, you do. But, in the mean time, you perceive that giant! Give me the stone here, and when I'll show moreover, the idea of the confounded " cake” afore the wind's on the door, and as f'in himself is from what Fin's little son can do, you may then judge of said, flattened the very heart within him. What home, maybe you'd be civil enough to turn the house, what my daddy himself is.” chance could he have, strong and brave though he was, for it's always what Fin does when he's here."

Fin then took the stone, and slily exchanging it for with a man who could, when put into a passion, walk This was a startler even to Cucullin ; but he got the curds, he squeezed the latter until the whey, as the country into earthquakes and knurk thunderbolts up, however, and after pulling the middle finger of clear as water, oozed out in a little shower from his into pancakes. The thing was impossible ; and Fin his right hand until it cracked three times, he went hand. knew not on what hand to turn him. Right or left- outside, and getting his arms about the house, com- “ I'll now go in,” said he," to my cradle ; for I'd backward or forward—where to go he could form no pletely turned it as she had wished. When Fin saw scorn to lose my time with any one that's not able to guess whatsoever.

this, he felt a certain description of moisture, which eat my daddy's bread, or squeeze water out of a stone. “ Oonagh," said he, “ can you do nothing for me? shall be nameless, oozing out through every pore of Bedad, you had better be off out of this before my Where's all your invention ? Am I to be skivered his skin ; but Oonagh, depending upon her woman's daddy comes back; for if he catches you, it's in paste like a rabbit before your eyes, and to have my name wit, felt not a whit daunted.

he'd have you in two minutes." disgraced for ever in the sight of all my tribe, and me “ Arrah, then,” said she," as you are so civil, maybe Cucullin, seeing what he had seen, was of the same the best man among them? How am I to fight this you'd do another obliging turn for us, as Fin's not opinion himself ; his knees knocked together with the man-mountain - this huge cross between an earth- here to do it himself. You see, after this long stretch terror of Fin's return, and he accordingly hastened quake and a thunderbolt ? --- with a pancake in his of dry weather we've had, we feel very badly off for in to bid Oonagh farewell

, and to assure her, that pocket that was once".

want of water. Now, Fin says there's a fine spring from that day out, he never wished to hear of, much * Be easy, Fin,” replied Oonagh ; " troth, I'm I well somewhere under the rocks behind the hill here less to see, her husband. “ I admit fairly that I'm not a match for him," said he,“ strong as I am; tell him | First, let pieces of two shillings each be coined, with ten to make the highest denomination, or a pound. I will avoid him as I would the plague, and that I will a distinct name, and let no more half-crowns nor The penny might also be divided into ten decimes. make myself scarce in this part of the country while crowns be issued, either from the Mint or the Bank. By this arrangement we should have to reckon as I live."

The old crowns and half-crowns would thus be gra- follows :—10 decimes 1 penny, 10 pence 1 shilling, Fin, in the mean time, had gone into the cradle, dually withdrawn from circulation, and by what we 10 shillings 1 pound. These would be the coins of where he lay very quietly, his heart at his mouth with have called the royal, the first step towards the deci- reckoning; but, for convenience, the existing sovedelight that Cucullin was about to take his departure mal division would be established.

reigns, half-sovereigns (or new pound), crowns, halfwithout discovering the tricks that had been played This first step having been made, no other need be crowns, and sixpences, would remain in use, and we off on him.

taken until the new coin has become familiar, which should only require a new coinage of copper pieces. “ It's well for you," said Oonagh, “ that he doesn't would require perhaps a couple of years. The next By no other conceivable plan could a decinal coinage happen to be here, for it's nothing but hawk's meat process must be, to issue copper or mixed coins of 24d. be brought into use, with less expense for the manuor flummery he'd make of you."

each. These should be made so portable as to be facture of a new metal currency. The question being “I know that,” says Cucullin ; “not a thing else convenient, which might easily be attained, as in the still only speculative, it may be left for a time to the he'd make of me; but before I go, will you let me small French pieces of two sous each, for instance. consideration of the country. feel what kind of teeth they are that can eat griddle This coin of 248. would in the end stand for what we Papers on the “Statistics of Disease and Mortality bread like that”- and he pointed to it as he spoke. have called the new groat ; that is, would count as 2d. in England and Wales in 1838" -“ Latitude and

“With all pleasure in life,” said she; "only, as 4-10ths of the old money. This alteration of four Longitude”—“ Registration of Births, Marriages, and they're far back in his head, you must put your finger per cent. in the value of a copper coin would be of no Deaths" and the Extension of Vaccination”follow a good way in."

consequence whatever, since the daily fluctuations in in order; but as these subjects have either been already Cucullin was surprised to find such a powerful set the price of copper amount to much more. But no treated by us, or are at present unsuitable for notice, of grinders in one so young; but he was still much pence or halfpence should be withdrawn from cir- we pass on to an article on the “ Railways of Great more so on finding, when he took his hand from Fin's culation, nor any reference made to the new system, Britain.” We learn from this that throughout Great mouth, that he had left the very finger upon which in the first issue of groats. These new coins would Britain and Ireland there are 135 railways finished, in his whole strength depended behind him. He gave be immediately nicknamed copper half-crowns, which progress, or for which acts of Parliament have been one loud groan, and fell down at once with terror and would assist the comprehension of them materially, obtained, and the greater number of which are deweakness. This was all Fin wanted, who now knew accustomed as persons are already to 24 in shillings, signed for locomotives. The manner in which railthat his most powerful and bitterest enemy was com- by means of the silver half-crown.

ways enlarge the amount of intercourse on lines of pletely at his mercy. He instantly started out of the Since 10 of these new groats would make 2s. ld., route, is strikingly manifested in the case of the Arcradle, and in a few minutes the great Cucullin, that they would immediately be reckoned as having the broath and Forfar railway (about fifteen miles in was for such a length of time the terror of him and value of five to the shilling, in all purchases of three length), opened in January 1839. “Before the railall his followers, lay a corpse before him. Thus did shillings or upwards, when change is given. Articles way was formed, the passenger traffic of the district Fin, through the wit and invention of Oonagh, his would be priced in shillings and groats ; and in all was scarcely sufficient to support one coach ; but the wife, succeed in overcoming his enemy by stratagem, large transactions it would become customary to keep advantages of railway speed, combined with very which he never could have done by force; and thus accounts in royals and groats, neglecting the fractions moderate fares, attracted 97,835 passengers in the also is it proved that the women, if they bring us into of the latter. Thus, L.17.83 would stand for 17 course of the first year, being about 313 a-day, exclumany an unpleasant scrape, can sometimes succeed in pounds, 8 royals (16 shillings), and 3 groats. And sive of Sundays, when the railway is closed. Within getting us out of others that are as bad.*

those who were more particular would drop the the first fifteen months the railway conveyed on an penny, and divide the groat into five halfpence, or average more than 170 tons of goods daily." The

even into ten farthings, which would complete the same may be said of the first section of the Ulster COMPANION TO THE ALMANAC FOR 1841. decimal system. However this might be, it is clear railway in Ireland, which was opened in August The “Companion to the Almanac," for 184!, pub-crown) continued in existence, with the royal of two 1000 passengers daily, though extending only, from

that while all the present coinage (except the half- 1839 : “it has already established a traffic exceeding lished under the superintendence of the Society for shillings and the groat of 24d. superadded, those who Belfast to Lesburn, a distance of eight miles.” In Diffusing Useful Knowledge, contains the usual variety of general information on subjects engrossing mal system into their accounts ; while those who did plete railways previously in operation ; 108 miles were

liked would have the means of introducing the deci- 1840, it appears that 724 miles were opened to compublic attention, or connected with the calendar and not, would be able to retain the old one.

opened in further extension of lines partially opened natural phenomena of the year, and likewise abstracts of the more important acts of Parliament passed in the groat, which would never differ practically from and ten lines were entirely opened to an aggregate

The last step would be to coin farthings of ten to in 1839 ; 944 miles were first opened of new lines; 1840. A work so comprehensive and serviceable can- the common farthings. The only positive measure length of 207 miles. “ The total length of railway not fail to meet with due encouragement, if fairly now requisite to make the system perfectly decimal, brought into operation in the year, down to the early brought under public attention, which we now pro- would be to enact that five groats should be a legal part of October last, was about 4824 miles, which pose to aid in doing. The first paper in the book is a contribution from lings ; and this would practically be true previous to before the end of December.”

tender for one shilling, and ten groats for two shil- would probably be increased to more than 500 miles Mr Augustus De Morgan, professor of mathematics

the enactment. in University College, London, and who is reckoned

Among the new lines opened, the most interesting

The money used in accounts would now be is that between London and Blackwall, which, in one of the most profound arithmeticians of the age. He proposes, in the paper before us, to introduce

point of fact, is a railway from one part of London to the use of logarithms into common arithmetical com

10 farthings are 1 groat.

another, the line being through the midst of streets putations, and offers a number of examples of the

1 Royal.
10 groats are 1 royal

and houses the whole way. It is designed to com

10 royals are 1 pound or mence at Fenchurch Street, but at present the city facility with which logarithmic methods may be ap- 100 10

sovereign. plied." Valuable as such an improvement would be

terminus is on the east side of the Minories, " whence in some respects, particularly when fractions require 1000 100

| Farthing.

it extends to the West India Docks, on an elegant

brick viaduct, about twenty-four feet wide between specification, it appears, from his showing, that our The coins in use would be—the farthing, the half. the parapets, the ordinary arches being nearly thirty things one penny, 12 pence one shilling, and 20 shil penny penny, groat, sixpence, shilling, royal, half feet span. Several skew arches and handsome iron

sovereign, and sovereign. Before the half-pence and bridges are introduced at the intersection of streets, lings one pound-presents a serious obstacle to the pence were gradually withdrawn, the only new rule and the Regent's Canal Docks are crossed by three use of logarithms on any thing like a simple plan. relative to an old coin would be, that the silver six- very large brick arches. The viaduct is fenced by a The remedy which he proposes establishing is a purely pence would

be sixpence farthing in copper, and the light iron railing. After quitting it, the railway decimal coinage, that is, a reckoning progressively by silver shilling twelve pence halfpenny. The final skirts the premises of the West India Dock Company tens, from the lowest to the highest denomination of coinage should be the farthing, half-groat, groat, on a low embankment, and terminates in a shallow be a most desirable improvement, for reasons much quarter-royal (old sixpence) half-royal cold shilling), cutting at Blackwall, over which three roads are more practical than those advanced by Mr De Mor- royal, quarter-pound, half-pound, and pound- of carried by bridges. The terminus is on the Bruns

course under more convenient names, the existing wick Wharf, where a handsome station is erected, gan, we shall here offer a few explanations on the subject. ones being taken as far as they go. We will now designed by Mr Tite, President of the Architectural

Numerous steam-packets already avail In the event of a change to a decimal coinage, Mr state a few of the advantages of a perfectly decimal Society. De Morgan is of opinion, that, for the sake of convecoinage.

themselves of the railway, by disembarking their pasnience, the pound should remain of the same value as rules as in the arithmetic of whole numbers. 2. An and dangerous navigation of the pool. The line is

1. All computations would be performed by the same sengers at Blackwall, thereby avoiding the tedious at present, and the alterations only be made in the extended multiplication table would be a better in worked in a manner peculiar to itself

, and which apinferior pieces. Starting from the pound as a basis, terest table than any which has yet been constructed. pears admirably adapted to the business of a metrohe proposes to subdivide it in the following manner : “ It is required to alter it, so that each part shall be facilitated, and would become universal, as also that use of locomotive engines is avoided, and provision is

3. The application of logarithms would be materially politan railway, as the danger of fire attendant on the subdivided into 10 others. That we may give names, of the sliding rule. 4. The number of good commer- made for conveying passengers to and from intermelet us call these parts royals, new groats, and new cial computers would soon be many times greater than diate stations without delay. Powerful steam-engines farthings : thus a pound is 10 royals, a royal 10 new

at present. 5. All decimal tables, as those of comgroats, and a new groat is 10 new farthings. Hence pound interest, &c., would be popular tables, instead a barrel, to which a rope of about six miles and a half

are erected at each end of the line, each of which turns it follows immediately that the royal is 25., the new of being mathematical mysteries. 6. The old coinage long is attached. A train starting from London is so groat is 2. 4-10ths of a penny, or 2ļd. very nearly, would be reduced to the new by the simple rule given arranged that the carriages for Blackwall are foremost, and the new farthing is 96-100ths of the old one. at the beginning of this article. Thus any person then those for the furthest intermediate station, and

would see at once, after a moderate degree of practice so on-the last in the train being the carriage that is * of the grey stone mentioned in this legend, there is a very in that rule, that L.14, 17s. 91d. (old coinage), is L.14, to stop first. At a given signal, which is effected by striking and melancholy anecdote to be told. Some twelve or 8 royals, 8 groats, 9 farthings, of the new coinage, means of an electric telegraph, the Blackwall engine thirteen years ago, a gentleman in the vicinity of the site of it was building a house, and, in defiance of the legend and curse L.14.889. Again, L.23 614 of the new coinage, or at least within a farthing : this would be written begins to wind up the rope, by which the train is

drawn forward, unwinding, as it proceeds, the rope with some difficulty, however, that he could succeed in getting L.23, 6 royals, 1 groat, 4 farthings, would be seen by from the London engine. On approaching the first his labourers to have any thing to do with its mutilation. Two the same rule to be L.23, 12s. 31d. (old coinage.) 7. station, the carriage destined for it is detached from men, however, undertook to blast it, but somehow, the process When the decimal coinage came to be completely the rope, and stopped by a brake—the rest of the of them was killed. This coincidence was held as a fuláliment of established, the introduction of a decimal system of train proceeding without

interruption. In like manthe curse mentioned in the legend. I have heard that it remains weights and measures would be very much facilitated, ner, carriages are stopped at all the stations. When in that mutilated state to the present day, no other person being and its advantages would be seen.

re-loaded, and prepared for returning, all the carriages found who had the hardihood to touch it. This stone, before it Plausible as these views of Mr De Morgan may are attached to the rope, and drawn simultaneously was disfigured, exactly resembled that which the country people appear, we think that the details of the plan are by the London engine, being detached as they succesplete prism, a circumstance, no doubt, which, in the fertile susceptible of improvement. It is doubtless impor- sively arrive at the London terminus. Thus each imagination of the old Senachies, gave rise to the superstition tant not to derange the value of the existing pound, track, of which there are two, is used alternately for annexed to it.--Author's Note.

but in retaining so high a denomination, a much travelling in each direction. Trains run every quarIt may be mentioned that, in the Interlude of the Droich's greater derangement is caused by reconciling the small ter of an hour from each terminus, and five intermePart of the Play, above quoted, the wife of Fin M.Coul is repre-coins to it. It would, we think, be much more con- diate stations are used. The fares were originally sented as the originator of a much larger mass of rock than the venient, for all general purposes of trade and reckon- fixed at the low rate of 6d. for first-class,

and 3d. for In like manner, Hibernian legend makes St Patrick drop the ing, to start from the existing shilling as a basis, second-class passengers, the latter being in open carrock of Dumbarton and Ailsa Crag on his way to Ireland.--Ed. dividing it into ten pence, and multiplying it by 1 riages, roofed, but without seats; but, on the 1st of

11 Pound.

10

1

Groat.

10

1

THE PARISH SCHOOL OF KEMNAY.

October, the second-class fares were increased to 4d. After all, it seemed at first as if we should not be has been related, I need hardly warn any of my lady Although during part of the time but one track was able to set foot on this bold and rocky isle. However, successors in the garrison of the Rock, against making open, and the intermediate stations are not yet after sailing more than half round it, we espied a a pic-nic party to Pigeon Island. brought fully into operation, the number of passen- creek, into which the boat was put, and we then gers conveyed during the first eighty-one days from scrambled ashore the best way we could. It was dethe public opening on July 6th, was 570,930, or 7048 cidedly too late to commence a shooting excursion;

NOTICES OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. per diem. The receipts in the above period were but then to return with no trophies of sport-it was L.8495, 188., or L.104, 178. 9d. per diem.”

not to be thought of. So, each hastily swallowing a
glass of wine, and faithfully promising to be back in The parish school of Kemnay has been made known
an hour, off

' started the gentlemen, not, however, before to us by the merest accident; we have not seen it, MY PIC-NIC.

Captain 0. had handed me a mysterious-looking nor ever had the slightest intercourse or corresponBY A “ MILITARY LADY."

wooden box, which I had not before seen, and likewise dence with any one connected with it. In now introI was quartered at Gibraltar in 1836. One day, to its key, desiring

me to take the utmost care of both.

When they were gone, the curiosity attributed in ducing it to notice, we must be considered as animated make head against ennui and the musquitoes, I pro- all ages to my sex incited me, though not without a solely by a wish to make the public acquainted posed a pic-nic. My husband being agreeable, the certain Mrs Blue-beard kind of compunction, to open with something which we believe will interest them, first business was to select the party. Mr R. was

O.'s box, which I found to contain a pie, a grape tart, and to present to the humbler class of rural teachers chosen for his inexhaustible fund of good humour and melons, and some other things, being, in fact, his con

an example which seems worthy of being followed. tribution to the pic-nic. Exerting a degree of resolu. There are, of course, throughout the country, many good spirits ; Captain 0. for his constant flow of non- tion for which I could not but take great credit, I locked sense and anecdote, chequered occasionally by wit; all up again carefully, and stowed away the box in the seminaries of more important character, and which Mr D. for his excellent qualifications as a listener, cleft of a rock, where I thought it would be safe from equally merit being celebrated. The reader will, never(rare and never-to-be-enough admired quality!) and every kind of danger. The breeze now died away, pro- theless, understand what it is which makes one somehis quiet resignation to all the possible mischances of mising a pleasant evening for our voyage home. While times admire the simple wild flower more than the a pleasure excursion. Some others were afterwards sitting on the cliff musing agreeably on the prospect, cultivated denizens

of the parterre ; and

he will soon added. We also resolved to take a couple of servants attracted my attention to Captain O.'s precious box, see that, in the remoteness and obscurity of Kemnay, and two pair of boatmen.

which, having been reached by the rising tide, was and the union of enterprise and intelligence with The party being assembled at our quarters, a coun

now floating out to sea. All was immediately hurry- perseverance which has overcome these disadvantages, cil was held to deliberate on the when and where. scurry to recover it, and to carry the hampers up to there is a claim upon his notice which he might be The when was easily fixed, but the where not quite ing back our gentlemen. When did 'sportsmen ever apt to dispute with regard to a much more imposing 80 easily. The difficulty chiefly lay in one and all of return at the stipulated time! If unsuccessful, they establishment. us wishing to visit some select spot in the vicinity go on hoping for a turn of luck; if successful, the sport A lady with whom we have the honour to be acwhich we had not visited before. St Roque was

is so attractive. At length, they did come back, laden quainted, chanced in August last to pay a visit to a voted a bore--nothing there but Spanish soldiers with five pigeons, and all talking very loud. It seemed friend residing at Inverury in Aberdeenshire. After lounging about with everlasting cigars. The Orange the last bird.. The point was not settled that night, every object within walking distance had been walked Grove- beautiful !—but sure to be preoccupied by nor while I was at Gibraltar; perhaps it is not laid at to, and when ennui was beginning to steal over the some other party. Algesiras—we are generally there rest till this hour. It was, however, temporarily given mind of the stranger, her entertainer proposed that once a-week. The council seemed zonplussed, when up while preparations were making for our meal. A they should have a drive to a country school, five at last some one exclaimed, “What if we should go requisition, and Captain 0. having desired from me cation as a boarder with the teacher.

cloth being spread on a rock, the hampers were put in miles off, where she had a son placed for his eduto Pigeon Island ?”

“Kemnay his key, opened his box, which he found only half full “ Impossible no one ever does go there." of salt-water. His look was dreadful. Every thing School, you must know," said the Inverury lady,“ is

“So much the better, for it will be at least a no- was ruined. It was very unlucky, but I could not no common parish school. It is under the care of an velty, and we shall have something to tell of when we

help it. After all, he showed some magnanimity, for amiable enthusiast' in education, who has done won

he did not utter a word of blame, and, having hurled ders in the place, and is beginning to attract attention get back.”

back the box into the sea, resumed his good humour Some one present now remembered having heard immediately. I have liked and admired him ever in distant quarters. He is, I assure you, respected that there was game of some kind upon Pigeon Island. since. Enough remained for a good meal, and neither wherever he is known.” “By all means, then, let us The rock, to be sure, was barren, rugged, and desolate salt nor a cork-screw had been forgotten; so every- visit Kemnay School,” said our friend. --nothing to be seen--but the game decided the questhing passed off very well.

The particulars of the visit were communicated in tion. We determined that it would be charming for returning. There was a dead calm. So sails were

Our
dejeuné concluded, it was high time to think of

a letter, from which the following is an extract:once to go and see a place where there was nothing to taken down, and oars taken up. As we passed Cabrita

“Our way was for some time alongside the Don. be seen. In fact, garrison life is so little varied, that Point, it was proposed that the guns should be dis- We then left the river, and passed for some miles its victims are glad to relieve it with any thing of a charged for fear of accidents. This was accordingly through a country generally barren, till at length we novel kind, even though there should be little prospect we continued our voyage for the Rock (Gibraltar). as a green spot in the wilderness

. I could imagine no done in two volleys, there being four double barrels. descended upon Kemnay, which appeared to me quite of positive pleasure.

Nothing was to be heard but the measured dip of the simple rural scene possessed of greater beauty than The appointed morning arrived, and sea and sky oars. It became nearly dark. Captain 0., totally what was presented by the little group of cottages were alike serene. At nine, after a hurried breakfast

, exhausted, lay down in the bottom of the boat, and constituting the parish school establishment, planted we embarked with a variety of baskets, hampers, and soon gave audible signs of having fallen asleep. The other desirables, the arrangement of which cost no two volleys had a result little anticipated, for our ears

as they are upon somewhat irregular ground, which small thought, tramping, and tumbling. The sails

were soon after struck by the noise of many oars, and for some distance around has been laid out with good

we could see at a distance through the gloom the dark taste, and exhibits a variety of fine green shrubs. were unfurled to the light breeze, and away we went. form of a huge Latteen boat, with a lantern partly A few years ago, the school and school-house were, Our regimental barque, the Fra Diavolo, was about shaded hanging on her stern. It instantly occurred as usual in Scotland, merely a couple of cottages in twenty-five feet in length—sprit-rigged, sharp, and to us that she must be a Spanish guarda-costa, such juxtaposition. Mr Stevenson, the present teacher, has dangerous ; built under the direction of our officers vessels always lurking about Algesiras and in the Bay, added one new building after another, till it is now a at about three times the expense she was worth. For do, as the contrabandistas constantly outwit their large school-room, which is constructed of timber,

on the alert to capture smugglers, which they seldom considerable place. His last addition was a pretty about half an hour, we enjoyed ourselves extremely ; adversaries by giving false alarms. The gentlemen, pitched on the top. One must not wonder at the but, alas ! the light breeze died away, and was succeeded delighted with the novelty and romance of the adven-,new buildings not being of a very lasting kind, for not by those fitful gusts and squalls peculiar to the Medi- ture, and more than usually prepared for frolic by only has the teacher had to do all at his own expense, terranean, and which are so particularly troublesome sundry bottles of Marsala, agreed that they would not but he has done it with the certainty that all will to open boats in the Bay of Gibraltar. Our boatmen chance of their firing to bring us to---a comfortable idea situation. The place, nevertheless, seems sufficiently

answer when hailed. One asked if there was any become public property when he dies or leaves his began to speak to each other in whispers, and to look for my poor nerves ; but all agreed that such a thing comfortable. The new erections have been made as melancholy. By way of beguiling the time, they began was not to be imagined, and that the utmost they the views of the teacher, respecting the duties of his to recount to each other their respective experiences could do would be to detain us till assured of our charge, expanded, and as his boarding pupils became in such squalls, and all the dismal accidents they quality. Meanwhile the guarda-costa, for so it proved, more numerous. After all, these are as yet only ninehad ever heard of resulting from them. Snatches of gained upon us. When about twenty yards off, “La teen. the conversation, such as “The boat was swamped," bote, la bote !" was heard from several voices ; but our Generally, if there is a little garden for common “Ay, it was just hereabouts,” “ crew drowned,” &c.,

people still pulled on. Another minute, and they vegetables near a Scottish parish school, it is all that reached my ear at intervals. Our mirth and laughter There were upwards of twenty men, all armed with garden, situated on a piece of undulating ground,

were by our side. Never shall I forget the scene. is to be expected. Here there is a remarkably neat were now exchanged for serious looks, or efforts at jo- boarding-pikes and muskets. Their lantern flung its comprising a pretty piece of water in a serpentine cularity. I began to wonder how I could have ever, dull beams on their swarthy and angry countenances. form ; while the ground immediately round the new in the hope of a day's pleasure, exposed myself in such All were jabbering Spanish, and apparently bent on school-room is laid out in shrubbery and flower-bora manner. My sensations were evidently shared by terrible deeds. I had determined to address them, just ders, with seats and arbours, the whole being in a my maid, who evinced them every few minutes by a knowing enough of Spanish to enable me to say who we style which might not shame a gentleman's mansion. slight hysterical scream.

were ; but my fright deprived me of the use of both my I have never seen finer vegetables, or eaten more de There was a heavy swell, and, to preserve the ba- speech and my feet, except that with the latter I con- licious fruit, than I did here. Judge my surprise lance of the boat, we were desired on no account to trived to awaken Captain 0., who I thought would be when I was told that the whole is the result of the move. When we had obeyed this injunction for about the most useful man on the occasion, as he was best labours of the children, who are thus taught an useful an hour, the cramp came to add to my woes. The acquainted with the language. He started up, rubbing and tasteful art, and at the same time indulged in a wind, which had continued to increase, now changed, his eyes, and greatly confounded at the scene before physical recreation highly conducive to their health. and was dead against us. It was debated whether him; but I soon acquainted him with the nature of My curiosity was excited to know how their labours we ought not to give up Pigeon Island, and make the the case, which he no sooner understood than he bawled were conducted. The garden and ground, I underbest of our way back; but the anticipation of the out, “ Amigos ! amigos !” which seemed to mollify our stood, are divided into coinpartments, and so many laughter and ridicule with which our return would assailants a little. A lengthened and wrangling ex-boys are attached to each. These companies, as they be greeted, decided against that course. Then fol-planation ensued; and at length our Spanish friends are called, have each a separate set of tools, all of lowed a constant tacking and shifting of sails, to in- sheered off, much to my comfort, but to the great which are kept in the nicest order and arrangement duce our vessel to go onward; and, after several hours professed mortification of our frolicsome officers. in a small wooden house erected for the purpose. of the most disagreeable boat voyage I had ever Another spell of hard pulling, and we reached Rosia It was singular, you will allow, at a time when inendured, we reached Pigeon Island about half-past Bay, exactly at a quarter past one in the morning, dustrial education is only beginning to be thought of four o'clock, having taken seven and a half hours to by which time I deemed myself more dead than alive. in England, to find it practised on a large scale, and go eleven iniles.

So much for a day of pleasure! I trust, after what I under the best regulations, in a remote and barren

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