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THIRD ARTICLE.

venue boat's crew, they pushed off and succeeded in liar state of somnambulism, and that, during the con- proper form (through the French souverain from the picking him up, but, strange to say, he had no idea tinuance of that state, sensation or sensibility is Low Latin superanus or superancus, one set oter others). whatever of his perilous situation, and it was with the destroyed. It has been seen that Smellie found the But people thought it had some connection with the utmost difficulty they could persuade him he was not farm maid-servant to have lost sensibility in her arms. verb to reign, and hence it became sorereign. So perstill in bed. But the most singular part of this novel This is a statement corroborative of the account given haps foreign, which was formerly spelt forein (through adventure was, that the man had left his house at of magnetic somnambulism. Taking advantage of this the French forain from the Latin foraneus, out of twelvo o'еlock that night, and walked through a diffi- absence of sensibility, surgeons, it is said, have per doors). Perhaps this was confounded with reign. So euit and to him dangerous road, a distance of nearly formed upon magnetic somnambulists the most severe the word island people imagine to be compounded of two miles, and had actually swum one mile and a half and painful curatire operations, without inflicting on isle and land. Now, in point of fact, isle, which is a when he was fortunately discovered and picked up." the parties a moment's suffering of the slightest kind. contraction of the Latin insula (French ile), has noThe state of madness gives us, by analogy, the best The patient's

mind, meanwhile, seems in a perfectly thing to do with island, which is the German eiland explanation of the condition of these climbers and sound and active state, but without the power of re- and Saxon ealond, and belonging to quite a separate swimmers. With one or more crgans or portions of membering any thing that passed in the unmagnetised family of words. So again the word waits, the name his brain diseased, and the rest sound, the insane per. state. A Parisian lady, aged sixty-four, who had a given to the nightly minstrels who itinerate at Christson has the perfect use of his external senses, yet may cancerous breast, was magnetised, and it was found mas time, is commonly pronounced wakes. People form imperfect conclusions regarding many things that somnambulism could be induced. In her waking find that the waits wake them; therefore they call around him. The somnambulist, with his senses in state she was deeply averse from an operation, but in them wakes. Now, it is very curious that the word activity, but with some of his cerebral organs in a her magnetised state it was proposed to her, and she waits is connected with wake, but in another way. torpid state, is in much the same position as regards consented at once. The breast was operated upon, Watch, wake, and the German wachten, are the same, his power of forming right judgments on all that he and cut off without the slightest seeming pain to her and a rachter or watcher is a wait, a person who watches hears or sees.

On waking, she was, it may be believed, much surprised. or keeps awake all night; so that the waits are in fact The story of the sleeping swimmer is borne out by This case, it has been alleged, is but one of several, where wakes, not because they keep us awake, but because a statement from an indisputable authority, Dr Ben- the like has been done, and some of the most respect- they keep awake themselces. Webster, in his Americojamin Franklin. The doctor relates, that on one able medical men of Paris have borne witness to the English or Anglo-American Dictionary, says that the occasion, while bathing in a hot salt-water bath, he truth, or at least apparent truth, of these allegations." word waits is not used; we suppose he means not used fell asleep, and floated on his back in that state for On this score alone, animal magnetism seems worthy of in America. nearly an hour, as his watch testified to him. a full and fair inquiry. It would be a wonderful thing, Gone, Done, Borne.-In these words the regularity

Sometimes, in the case of a person liable to som- indeed, if we could arrive at means by which all the of the formation is obscured by the spelling. Just as nambulism, it is possible to direct the thoughts of the painful operations to which the human body is ren- we have shaven, broken, driven, &c., so from go, do, bear, dreamer to any given subject, by acting on the exter- dered liable by disease or accident, could be performed we have go-en, do-en, bor-en, the e having been displaced anal senses. Smellie, the writer already quoted, gives without suffering to those who undergo them. in the forms go-ne, do-ne, bor-ne. Our participles forthe subjoined instance :—“Mr Thomas Parkinson, Somnambulism, or the tendency to it, most com- merly had the prefix y corresponding to the German

then a student of medicine in the University of Edin- monly arises from causes not apparent or discoverable. ge; thus yborn, whence we now have born, but the burgh, was accustomed to talk and answer questions Where it occurs in persons not accustomed to exhibit Germans still ge-bor-en. So ygone-gegangen, ydone-gethan, in his sleep. This fact was known to his companions. any such propensity, some disorder of the digestive ydriten-getrieben. And this ge is pronounced ye in some To amuse ourselves, two of us went gently into his functions may be suspected, and the restoration of parts of Germany, but wrongly. In the word ydept chamber while he was asleep. We knew that he was these functions to a healthy state may put a stop to or ycleped, the participle of clepe “ to call,” the old in love with a young lady in Yorkshire, the place of the practice. But in confirmed cases nothing can be form is preserved. The phrase star-y-pointing, used by his nativity. We whispered her name repeatedly in done but to lock the doors, bar the windows, and keep Milton, is obviously wrong and falsely formed; the y was his ear. He soon began to toss about his hands, and dangerous objects or instruments out of the way, or prefixed, not to the present, but to the past participle. to speak incoherently. He gradually became more a cord may be affixed to the bed-post and the arm of Lay, Lie; Drop, Droop, &c.-In English, as in many calm and recollected. His imagination took the the sleep-walker. As a general rule, the somnambu- other languages, we have from the same root two sets direction we intended. He thought he was stationed list should be taken to bed before being waked. of verbs, one set transitive, the other intransitive. In Aunder the lady's window, and repeatedly upbraided

Latin these are numerous, and in English perhaps her for not appearing and speaking to him as she had

more so than is commonly supposed. Compare so often done on former occasions. At last he became SPECULATIONS ON WORDS. Tell, Fall.

Lay, Lie.

Drop, Droop. impatient, started up, laid hold of books, shoes, and

Set, Sit (and Set). Raise (and Rouse), Rise. every thing he could easily grasp. Thinking his mis

Salt

, Sound, Tyrant, Propound.—Changes are con- On exactly the same principle the London shopkeepers tress was asleep, he threw these articles against the opposite wall of his chamber. By what he said, we

stantly making in language; and the same tendencies speak of dining their men. One of them might say, learnt that his imaginary scene lay in a street, and which produce the alterations in the speech of the able to sleep you.” To dine and to sleep a person are

that he was darting the books and shoes at the lady's educated, often produce the alterations in the speech phrases fornied analogically, though they are not yet window, in order to awake her. She, however, dia of the uneducated, so that the same principle which is in the language of books. Words of this class are not appear; and after tiring himself with frequent applied by the educated to certain words, is often ap- numerous in German. Compare exertions, he went quietly into bed without wakening; plied by the uneducated to other words, and these are

Legen (to Lay), Liegien (to Lie).

Setzen (to Set), Sessen (to Sit). conversed with us, he did not seem to perceive that any considered corruptions of language, and vulgarities. Trinken (to

Drink), Tränken (to give to Drink). person was present with him. Next day we told him Thus, we all say sound, but we do not all say gownd ; The common mistake of using lay for lie and laid for what had happened ; but he said that he had only a only the uneducated say it. We all say tyrant, but lay is one of the vilest vulgarisms. faint recollection of dreaming about his mistress.” we do not all say chest (for the game of chess); only

Other ways, Otherwise. People often confound these It is consistent with our own knowledge, that many the uneducated say it. Yet d is added in gound on words ways and win no ways, and nowise, &cWays, sue a most laborious life generally, sleep perfectly well the same principle as in sound, and t in chest on the another form of guise, and is the

same as the

German on horseback. This, however, although a position in same principle as in tyrant ; and d in sound and t in waise manner.” “ In no wise” means “in no guise" which the bodily motion is not entirely passive, is not tyrant have no more right there than in gound or chest. or fashion or manner, properly somnambulism. Perhaps the most perfect in tyrannise, tyrannical, there is no t: tyrann is the

Less, Worse, Chief, Ere, More, Former, First.-Sevesleep-walkers were Sir John Moore's soldiers, of whom, in the disastrous and fatiguing retreat to German,tyrannus the Latin. In sonorous there is no d. ral words are used as comparatives in English which Corunna, were observed to fall asleep on the march, Now, Chaucer wrote sowne for sound ; but he also wrote look so. Less and worse are used as comparatives, but

are not so in form ; and some are so which do not and yet to go on, step by step, with their waking com- laund for lawn. The thing is now reversed.

they are positives, and the real comparatives are lesser panions. Many tradesmen have been known to get

This seems capricious, but it is not more so than and worser, which the pragmatical school of English up by night and work for a time at their usual em- people's talking nowadays. We often hear, for ex- critics would reject altogether. Lord Brougham has of what they had done. Gall mentions a miller who ample, clift for clif, and perhaps from the same person forms. Chief, again, the same Lindley Murray school did this. One of the most extraordinary cases of this fon for fond : We have in English some words with would rob of its comparative and superlative, chiefer order, however, is that of a student of divinity at and without the t ord. Thus,

and chiifest; and the adverb most chiefly. These also Bourdeaux, who was accustomed to rise in the night

Graff

Graft.

Lord Brougham has revived in his writings and time, and to read and write without the use of his eyes.

Loan

Land.

speeches. On the other hand, ere and more, although This case is stated in the French Encyclopedie, under

Fell in fell-monger Felt. the word Noctambule, and is attested by the Archbishop

they are not commonly looked on as comparatives, are of Bourdeaux. This prelate, in order to test the

Kin

Kind.

so. Ere we have not in the positive; the Germans, young man, interposed an obstacle between his eyes

Sieve

Sift.

however, have ehe, comparative, eher. We have comand the paper on which he was reading or writing,

Cool

Cold.

parative, ere, and superlative, erst.

More is the comparative of mo, which is often used but he read and wrote with equal facility and equal Now,compare the German and English list which fol- by Spenser and other old writers-Mo, mo-er (more), accuracy as before. Macnish, who repeats this story, lows:

mo-st. The comparative and superlative of some words does not mention the fact of the eyes not being used, though this is the most marvellous feature in the case.

Germ.-Donner

are made by more and most added to the word ; thus, Thunder.

pos. fore, comp. for-mer (fore-more), sup. fore-mnost. The reading may not have been aloud, and may only

Morass

Morast.-Germ.

First is a corruption of for-est from fore. have been apparent. But as for the writing accu- Germ.-Lehnen

Lend.

Abbreriations. It is the tendency of language to rately without the use of the eyes, this was certainly Germ.-Sieben

Sift.

abbreviate as time goes on. Yet an early period of a a feat which few waking persons could have accom

Sin

Sünde.Germ. language will often exhibit contractions, which a later plished. In addition to these cases, many others

Hip

Hüfte.-Germ. might be gathered, and particularly from Mr Mac

and more polished period will not tolerate. It is so in

Thick nish's Anatomy of Sleep; but that book is so acces

Dicht.-Germ.

English. For example, old writers used nathless as a sible that it is enough to refer to it for further infor

Sap

Saft.-Germ.

contracted form of rurertheless ; but now it is not

allowed. So the word them was often contracted to mation. We shall only mention one other case which

Lay (a song)

Lied.-Germ.

'em even in books, as in the Miscellanies of John is there given. It is that of Dr Blacklock, who on Propound, compound, expound, have acquired the din Norris (of Bemerton), 8th edit, p. 149, one occasion rose from bed, to which he had retired the same way.

our designs

about 'em,” which is now considered vulgar. Again, at an early hour, came into the room where his family were assembled, conversed with them, and afterwards

Spelling influenced by a false etymology. Sovereign, occur frequently in writers of that date, 1600-1700,

the contracted forms tho', can't, don't, 'tis, 'twill, which entertained them with a pleasant song, without any foreign, waits, go. There are a great number of words are instances of the same thing. The participles, also, of them suspecting he was asleep, and without his re- | in English, and probably in other languages, which were generally spelt without the e, as help'd, reckond, he had done.” Being blind, his family would have the taken notion of their derivation. For example, sote

he a concern'in prelse, som den selfs Wilfe be would inond, which more difficulty in discovering his unusual condition.

so now in prose. In Fell's Life of Hammond Somnambulism, it was stated at the close of the reign was by Milton always spelt sovran, and this is its edit.) lai’d, instead

we have referred to before, laid is spelt (p. 61, 2d. farm-servant's case, had of late years assumed a new

laied. It might be difficult to and more interesting aspect. This has arisen from

say why we spell played as we do and not plaid, like * Colquhoun on Animal Magnetism. 2 vols.

laid. It is curious to notice that it is not so. We the discovery (if it be allowable to call it a discovery) that animal magnetism is capable of inducing a pecu- | -Ed.

+ The Scotch say tyrran, laying the accent on the first syllable do not think it desirable to restore the apostrophes :

they look ugly and save no time; but such a word

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AN ARABIAN TALE.

versant with its fictions and customs. Ile describes himself as

It

me.”

the ass.

are

as stept we see no reason why we should write stepp'd he tried to lead the conversation by degrees to the The ass stamped no more, and Rajeb hastened to or stepped, any more than why wept should be written object of his journey. The old man, however, antici- secure his treasures, and to get them transported wepped. So whipt, stript, &c. Mr Julius Charles Han pated his purpose, and cried, “I am poor, a beggar; to Cairo. He put them into two panniers, and, alwould write publisht, lookt, wisht, talkt, &c.; and cer no dervish is poorer than I am ; I am ruined ; all the though they were very heavy, the ass never slackened tainly, in so doing, we should only be restoring the old world robs me; I have spent my last para upon a its speed, nor gave any signs of weariness, until it method of writing them.

dinner for you.” Rajeb perceived that he had to deal brought its burden to its master's door. On the night with a heart of marble; so, after trying in vain to of his arrival, Rajeb hastened to the house of his mis

soften the old man by descriptions of his mistress's tress. He was just in the nick of time, for an old Turk THE ASS AND THE TREASURE, beauty and his own passion, the youth rose, and, under had seen fer, and offered the five thousand piastres to

pretence of taking the air, went out to conceal his the parents. Rajeb, however, took the father home [The ass, in Europe, is a by-word for all that is dull, obstinate, bitter disappointment and vexation.

with him, and showed a part of his treasures, when the and stupid. Very different is the case in the East; and not un Troubled as he was with his own matters, Rajeb could marriage was at once agreed on. The young bride naturally so, secing that the animal, under the more genial skies not look without pity on a poor ass which he saw on proved to be really as virtuous as she was beautiful, of oriental latitudes, is as remarkable for docility, activity, and going out of doors, and which was lying in a little shed, and made Rajeb happy. He gave large donations to gener is for tardiness of step and meanness of aspect. The Egyp- munching some morsels of straw that lay within its the poor on the occasion of his wedding. As for the tian Arabs give the ass the precedence over all other four-footed reach. Rajeb, who loved animals, approached to caress ass, it had the place of honour, during its life, in the creatures for intelligence and sagacity, and their story-tellers the poor lean, starved creature, which was all hide-sore; stable, and was never doomed to any other toil than. bring forward as many stories in support of this opinion as would

and the ass seemed sensible of the affection shown to that of bearing its mistress and her children. Its have kept Scheherezade from the block or the bowstring for

it. Prompted by his natural benevolence, Rajeb then master visited the stable every day, and spoke with it another month or two. Our young readers may be pleased with a sample of these tales, and we select for their amusement one went away, and bought a measure of barley, and almost as with an old friend. which we find contributed to a recent French periodical by M. P. forgot his own griefs in the pleasure of seeing the ass Behold, in this story, a lesson never to despise ani: Granal, a writer who has personally visited the East, and who, fall to its food with the liveliest marks of joy. After mals, but always to be gentle and compassionate to by other compositions, has proved himself to be thoroughly con: bringing it water to complete its meal, the youth them, for they may often repay a hundred-fold the little having heard the story from the lips of his temporary attendant

went back to his uncle. It is needless to say that kindnesses which we do to them. in Egypt, a professed narrator of such matters.)

Rajeb passed an unhappy night; he lay on the floor, RAJEB was a young man of Cairo, who had been left by themselves to banish sleep. In the morning, the two and the vermin infesting the place were sufficient of

THE COMMERCIAL PRINCIPLE. his father with a fortune of about two thousand piastres. relations breakfasted on the relics of yesterday's meal, We have extracted the following just and glowing Had he embarked this little fortune in trade, and been and then the nephew was about to take his leave. But eulogy on the influence of the commercial principle, he fell in love soon after his father died, and could his uncle stopt him, and said, “ I have an ass which is from an article entitled the American Merchant, in a think of nothing but the fair object of his passion. She of no use to me. It is all that remains to me of my recent number of the KNICKERBOCKER.

Rajeb thought his “ The discovery has not long been made, but it is was a young girl, whose countenance he had first seen substance, and if you wish”_ for a moment, when by chance she put aside her veil uncle was about to make him a present of the ass, but made at last, that the real source of national prosperity, to drink at the fountain of a mosque. She was very he was in error,

for the old man proceeded—“ if you greatness, and power, is the once contemned pursuit plainly dressed, and appeared to belong to some humble wish, you may go with me to the market, and see me of commerce. Even rulers and monarchs, although but decent family. But she was rich in beauty, at

sell him.” Rajeb consented, and when they went to generally the last to abandon errors, and to perceiro least, and in modesty, for she hastily replaced her veil

the stall of the ass, the young man again caressed the great moral truths, have begun to entertain the idea that on seeing a young man looking at her, and walked poor animal. In return, it looked at him with eyes full the power of an empire is not exclusively in its armies ; away without turning to the right or the left, or look- of intelligence, and struck the ground several times with that increase of territory, by conquest, is not proing back as coquettes do. Rajeb followed her, and saw

its foot. Rajeb even thought he heard it say, “Buy sperity; and that successful warfare is not glory. her enter a plain house, of the kind inhabited by the

Its looks at least, he thought, said so.

is not probable that the civilised world will ever again middle orders. From this time forward, Rajeb was

On the way to the market, Rajeb reflected on the produce a Napoleon, or civilised nations again engage consumed by the passion which had sprung up in his by some involuntary feeling, which most people would as were the fruits of his ambition. The knowledge

subject, and felt himself impelled to purchase the ass in such a frightful series of butcheries and desolations than that she was as virtuous and well-behaved as she have been disposed merely to call good-nature or pity. that the business of mankind is to create, and not was beautiful. At length he went to the parents of As the ass was young, and had no faults but those destroy, has slowly travelled upward, from the workhis mistress, and asked her hand in marriage. They arising from starvation, several purchasers came for- shop of the mechanic, and the warehouse of the received him very kindly; but when he came to speak ward. One offered two hundred piastres, another three merchant, to the study of the philosopher, the cabinet of the dowry which they expected to be given by their hundred, and at last the price mounted to five hundred. of the statesman, and the council-chamber of the king.

It is time, indeed, that this great truth were unidaughter's husband, they demanded the sum of five he offered a few piastres more, assured that he would versally acknowledged, for history has been teaching thousand piastres. This was above the lover's means, and he exclaimed loudly against the enormity of the the old man. “I am resolved upon having it,” was all of empires. Of the great nations of antiquity, we

“ What do you want with the ass ?" said it these thousand years, in the successive rise and fali sum; but they were obstinate, and Rajeb could only prevail on them to give him a few days to reflect, and that the nephew answered. “Ah, well!" said Jousoff, find that the most rapid growth in power and prospeto look about him for means. If he did not appear at

with a smile of greedy pleasure, “ you must give me a rity belonged to the most commercial, as Phænicia, the end of the stated time, they would hold themselves thousand piastres, and then it shall be yours.” Rajeb Carthage, and Egypt ; and that when they fell, their at liberty, they told him, to accept of other offers.

was shocked at the miser's demand ; but the old man, ruin came not from within, but from the fierce assaults

seeing his nephew's anxiety, would not bate of his ex- of enemies, superior in power. Their greatness had Rajeb returned home, lamenting and reproaching orbitant request, and the youth at last agreed, and a in itself the elements of duration; and although they himself with having idled away his past time. “Ah! bargain was struck.

were stricken down by the overbearing might of miliif I had worked hard,” said he, “ I might have increased my fortune, and might now have been happy!" He that Jousoff should go back with his nephew to that nuous resistance, with numbers far inferior, proving

As Rajeb had left all his money at Cairo, it was agreed tary dominations, it was not until after long and stretook out his money and counted it several times, but city, and there receive the purchase-money. Accord- the vigour and soundness of the principles on which he could not thus make it more than it was—two thou- ingly, they set out, and the ass with them. "By the way, their national existence had its foundation. The sand piastres. He lay down on his bed, and tried to sleep, but his mind was too much occupied with pro-gambolled and danced as if to please its new master. of Rome, were of short and uncertain duration. They

the creature seemed to be inspired with fresh life, and military empires, on the contrary, with the exception jects for procuring the required dowry to permit him Arrived at Cairo, Rajeb gave his uncle the promised had within themselves the seeds of dissolution, and to rest. At last he bethought him of a maternal uncle sum, and entertained him handsomely. After a few crumbled into ruins with a rapidity of destruction at Tantah, whom he had not seen for eighteen years, and days Jousoff departed, and left his nephew alone. The generally commensurate with the celerity of their who was said to be rich. Rajeb had no sooner thought latter occupied himself in making a good stall for his elevation. Even Rome itself was no exception to the of this person than he resolved to visit him. He would borrow the three thousand piastres ; a rich re

ass, and in tending and cleaning it, by which means it rule, save only in the long continuance of its greatlation could not refuse such a sum.

soon became quite a new creature. As for the mistress ness; a greatness founded on the valour and warlike

The young man of his heart, Rajeb had almost given up all hope of her. temper of its people, which every new conquest tended. longed for the coming of day to set out on this hopeful The interval allowed him by the parents had expired, to diminish, by the introduction of luxurious habits, errand.

and the youth, now poorer than before, did not dare to and the increase of means for their indulgence, gained Morning at length dawned, and Rajeb started on his present himself before them. Whilst matters stood by the robbery and plunder of the conquered. A journey. In order to save money he went on foot, thus, information was brought to him that his uncle power erected on such foundations could not be perhoping, also, to interest his uncle the more by this had been found dead by the road-side, having been manent. Its growth was unnatural, and at length it economy. When he reached the first houses of Tantah, plundered and killed by robbers. The young man shed fell to pieces, as so many other warlike empires had he inquired for his uncle Jousoff, “the rich Jousoff," of a tear for the sudden end of the miser, and then made done before it, through the influence of causes inherent several boys whom he met. “The rich Jousoft'!” cried preparations to go to Tantah to take up the deceased's in- in its elevation. The Romans, the Macedonians, the they, “ say rather the old beggarly miser Jousoff, who heritance, though there seemed little hope of its proving Assyrians, the Persians, all the conquest-seeking na regrets to throw away a bone when he has picked it great, notwithstanding the reputation which Jousoff had tions of antiquity, were mere robbers. They aimed white !” One of the boys, however, conducted Rajeb to once acquired for being rich.

at riches and dominion by the strong arm and the his uncle's house. The young man entered it trembling, Mounting his ass, Rajeb proceeded to Tantah. He rapacious spirit ; and with the very attainment of for the description which he had heard was by no means put up the ass in its old stall, and went into the house their ends, the strong arm grow weak, and their illencouraging. When bis uncle caine to hini, Rajeb saw to search it. As he had almost expected, not a para gotten wealth became the instrument of their destrucan old, withered, ragged, dirty being, who cried, “What was to be found; not a vestige of any thing valuable tion. The Carthaginians and Phænicians, and every do you want ?" in a rouglı voice. " Ah, my dear uncle !" was visible in any corner of the wretched abode. While other commercial people, grew in strength and procried Rajeb, throwing bis arms about the old man,“ do Rajeb was prosecuting his examination, he was sur-sperity with a wholesome and vigorous increase. The you not remember me? I am Rajeb, the son of your prised by the continued whining and braying of his ass. wealth they acquired was won by toil, and enterprise, sister-little Rajeb, whom you loved when a boy; I am Thinking he had neglected its wants, he went out seve- and persoverance, and brought with it increase of come, dear uncle, to sec if yon are well.” “ Very well,” ral times, and put barley, straw, and water before it ; knowledge and intelligence ; and if they fell at last, said Jousoff, “ I am very well, but very poor. I shall but the animal would not touch them, and continued they fell nobly, after a long and gallant defence, not not be able to show you very splendid hospitality." | to stamp on the floor of its stail with its foot. Rajeb's by enervation and effeminacy, but by the enormous “ What then?” said Rajeb, cheerfully ; “ riches and attention was at length attracted to this movement, and disparity of force against which they contended. poverty come from God.” At these words, they entered the ass, seeing this, repeated it with increased vehe But without looking more deeply into the causes of the old man's apartment, dark and dingy, without any other furniture than an old inat and a jar of water; stood by, then commenced io turn up the ground where much uncertainty, by reason of the insufficient accu-

Its master, seizing a bar of rusty iron which ancient prosperity or ruin, as to which we labour under neither pipes nor coffee were to be seen. Rajeb, how the ass struck. As he did this, the animal looked on racy and fulness of historical record, we shall find ever, was patient, and showed no ill humour. That with eyes glistening with eager pleasure, and seemed abundant demonstration of our position in those evening they feasted upon a crust of wretched cheese, as if it would fain say, “Go on, go on; it is there." At courses of erents which approach nearer to ourselves and some crumbs of black, detestable bread. The last, Rajeb came to a coffer. He turned it out, and in point of time, and of which we have fuller and more cheese, such as it was, was a novelty in that place, and behold! it was filled to overflowing with doubloons, definite information. In the modern history of nations, the neighbours who saw the old man buy it, could sequins, and all sorts of precious coins. The youth then, we cannot fail to be struck with the manifest scarcely believe their eyes. Rajeb was not accustomed to rich fare, but after his rest.

hugged his treasure, but the ass would not yet let him agency of commerce, in the creation of national wealth

It struck the ground in another spot with his and power ; for wherever we find commercial activity journey he stood really in need of soup and roast, or feet, and Rajeb, on digging anew, found a second coffer, and enterprise existing in vigour, we also find national something else that was good. But he ate the bread filled with pearls, rubies, emeralds, and other valuable strength and influence exhibited in a high degree ; and cheese, and said nothing. When they had done,' gems.

and a decline of this commercial activity immediately

to De ni had

and the

= is a Gerri 120 gus

mence.

followed by a corresponding decadence of population when the choice was made. Favourable circumstances, that to constitute a first-rate merchant, are demanded and resources. Look at the states of Italy, for in- and the national temper, led to the choice of com the highest attributes of mind and disposition ; clearstance—Venice, Tuscany, the Florentine republic, merce ; and under the benign influence of our free ness and vigour of intellect, extensive knowledge, Genoa, and the rest. Time was, when, despite their institutions, we have become the second commercial sound judgment, perfect integrity, liberality of sentinarrow territorial limits, they stood foremost among people in the world, and shall soon be the first. ment, and unsullied honour. He will see that to the the nations in wealth and power ; carrying on a most There is a consequence resulting from the wealth possessor of these attributes, the mercantile profession extensive commerce, their ships were found in every and power-bestowing influence of commerce, that is of opens the road to distinction as widely as any other ; sea; their flags were respected, their political influence infinitely more importance than wealth and power and conscious that in this profession, as much as in was paramount, and their great men were proud to alone. There is yet another attribute of commercial any other, whatever is noble in the employment, bebear the title of merchant-princes. But in process of enterprise, which bears more directly upon the high-longs to the man, and whatever is noble in the man, time they neglected the real sources of their power ; est interests of mankind, and the most exalted obliga- to the employment, he will make it his study, to their rulers began to assume more exclusively the tions of responsible Christian beings. The influence acquire and cultivate all those properties which shall character of princes, and to lay aside that of mer- of commerce is peaceful ; its noblest attribute is, the fit him to sustain the honourable character of a prochants ; they engaged in wars of aggression ; and restraint it places on the brutal passions of humanity. fession which, in its capabilities, may give fitting with all this, permitting themselves to be rivalled in Strange as it is that men should exist so long, without employment to the most accomplished minds, and to their trade by other nations, they descended very making the discovery, yet it is unquestionable, and the which, as well for its beneficial influence, as for the quickly to the miserable state of poverty and impo- world is at last beginning to find it out, that the inte- worthy and distinguished men it has produced, the tence in which they now exist. Spain, too, once the rest of all nations, and of every individual nation, is most intellectual, the most instructed, and the most most commercial country in the world, was also one of best promoted by the harmonious intercourse of philanthropic man that ever lived, might esteem it no the most prosperous and powerful. But in an evil mutual want and mutual supply. At last, the great | less than an honour to belong." hour the discovery of Columbus laid open to the Spa- ones of the earth have bethought themselves of putniards the delusive wealth of Peru and Mexico ; and ting glory, and conquest, and military splendour, and from merchants they became conquerors and robbers. increase of territory, in the one scale, and commerce

LINES TO A LITTLE BOY. We might enlarge upon this branch of the proofs in in the other; and some of them are very much as- My winsome one, my handsome one, my darling little boy, support of our position ; taking the instance of every tonished to find that commerce is the heaviest. The heart's pride of thy mother, and thy father's chiefest joy; kingdom and country in the world, and showing that And now to what conclusion do we arrive as to the

Come ride upon my shoulder, come sit upon my knee,

And prattle all the nonsense that I love to hear from thee: its wealth, power, and influence, bear a direct ratio to character of commerce, in this examination of its in With thine eyes of merry lustre, and thy pretty lisping tongue, its commerce ; but the enumeration would occupy too fluence? We find that it is a civilising principle, and thy heart that evermore lets out its humming happy song : much space, and we limit ourselves to the two most eminently favourable to the advancement of science with thy thousand tricks so gleesome, which I bear without annoy, commercial nations of the carth, Great Britain and and the cultivation of intellect, potent in its operation Come to my arms, come to my soul, my darling little boy ! the United States ; each presenting, but in a different upon the welfare of states, adverse to war and discord, My Winsome one, my fairest one, they say that later years way, the most striking and remarkable illustration of a promoter of human happiness, and the natural and

Will sometimes change a parent's hope for bitter grief and tears:

But thou, so innocent! canst thou be aught but what thou art, the principle for which we are contending. In the efficient stimulus to production, because it is the means

And all this bloom of foeling with the bloom of face depart? first, we behold one of the greatest powers, occupying by which the advantages of production are realised. Canst thou this tabernacle fair, where God reigns bright within, the very first rank among the nations, and until very Are we not right, then, in pronouncing it liberal and Profane, like Judah's children, with the pagan rites of sin ? recently holding a sort of recognised supremacy upon honourable ? Must we not give a prompt and indig- No-no, so much I'll cherish thee, so clasped we'll be in one, the ocean, without any one natural advantage which nant denial to the charge so often brought against the

That bugbear guilt shall only get the father with the son ;

And thou, perceiving that the grief must me at least destroy, should secure to it this amplitude of power and domi- mercantile profession, that its tendency is contracting, Wilt still be fair and innocent, my darling little boy ! nion. A mere island, of such narrow limits, compared and its character illiberal ? For our own part, we can

My gentle one, my blessed one, can that time ever be, with the other great powers of Europe, that in terri- not listen with patience to such unfounded and silly when I to thce shall be severe, or thou unkind to me torial extent it holds almost the very lowest place; imputations. Whether we use the term “liberal, in Can any change which time may bring, this glowing passion unfavourably situated at the corner, as it were, of the its intellectual sense, as relating to the tone of mind, wreck, eastern hemisphere, with a climate very far from de- or in that other and more common sense which re

Or clench with rage the little hand now fondling round my neck?

Can this community of sport, to which love brings me down, lightful, and a soil , fertile indeed, but extremely limited gards the sentiments, it seems to us that it is, to say

Give way to anger's kindling glance, and hate's malignant frown? in the range of its productions ; without forests for the least, not less applicable to commerce than to any No-no, that time can no'er arrive, for, whatsoe'er befall, shipping, or mines of any thing except tin and coal ; other occupation. The merchant is not debarred, by This heart shall still be wholly thine, or shall not be at all; with scarcely any streams affording water-power for his pursuit, from the cultivation of his mind; on the And to an offering like this thou canst not e'er be coy, the driving of machinery; and, in short, as little in contrary, he has facilities and inducements for it of But still wilt be my faithful and my gentle little boy ! debted to nature for the elements of prosperity and the highest order.

My winsome one, my gallant one, so fair, so happy now, greatness as the least potential of the petty kingdoms ; And if we speak of liberality in its common sense, with thy fearless bounding motions, and thy laugh of thought

With thy bonnet set so proudly upon thy shining brow, this small island has for centuries taken the lead of all as a synonyme for generosity, or readiness to bestow less glee, the world in activity, population, wealth, power, in- on deserving objects, in what profession shall we find so circled by a father's love which wards each ill from thee ! fluence, and even splendour, laying every quarter of more of it than in the mercantile? It is notorious, Can I suppose another time when this shall all be o'er, the globe, every land, and every sea, under contribu- that for all charitable institutions, for the relief of

And thy cheek shall wear the ruddy badge of happiness no more:

When all who now delight in thee far elsewhere shall have gone, tion; wielding the sceptre of dominion over an empire, individuals or communities in distress, for the endow

And thou shalt pilgrimise through life, unfriended and alone, that, like the tricksy spirit of Shakspeare, puts a ment of literary or scientific bodies, in a word, for Without an aid to strengthen or console thy troubled mind, girdle round about the earth,' and giving laws to every kind of beneficent purpose or object, the dona Save the memory of the love of those who left thee thus behind. millions upon millions of every race and language tions of the merchants are always the largest, and the Oh, let me not awake the thought, but, in the present blest,

Make thee a child of wisdom-and to heaven bequeath the rest : under heaven. It boasts a navy, which, until within most freely given. It is notorious that the sums the last twenty years, was greater than those of all the annually bestowed for purposes of this nature, in Outdoing every deed of mine and wearing brighter bays ;

Far rather let me image thee, in sunny future days, other powers united, and more than once has main- London and New York, the two most commercial With less to dull thy fervency of recollected pain, tained long and successful war, single-handed, not only cities in the world, are of startling magnitude ; and And more to animate thy course of glory and of gain; against the most powerful and warlike of the conti we are warranted in saying, that to no class of men

A home as happy shall be thine, and I too shall be there, nental powers, but against several of them in combi- are applications of this kind made more frequently, or

The blessings purchased by thy worth in peace and love to share

Shall see within thy beaming eye my early love repaid, nation ; and finally, in its last and greatest struggle, with more success, than to the merchants. There are And every ill of failing life a bliss by kindness made it was able to resist, and ultimately to overcome, the exceptions, undoubtedly ; but, generally speaking, Shall see thee pour upon thy son, then sitting on thy knee, greatest soldier of modern times, before whose power their liberality in giving money is one of their most

A father's gushing tenderness, such as I feel for thee;

And know, as I this moment do, no brighter, better joy, all the other kingdoms of Europe had gone down in striking attributes. Away, then, with the mistaken

Than thus to clasp unto thy soul thy darling little boy ! succession, and whose vast armies at one time included prejudice, that charges upon commerce a want of legions from almost every nation between the Baltic liberality, in thought or feeling ! and the Mediterranean, the Atlantic Ocean and the And that other prejudice, too, which withholds from continent of Asia.

ART OF FLOATING. commerce the title of honourable-one of the most Such is the power of England ; and the wealth by flagrant and absurd of all the prejudices that beset

Any human being who will have the presence of mind which it is supported is of the same gigantic measure. the human mind. Why, is not the pursuit of com

to clasp the hands behind the back, and turn the face And this wealth and power are the immediate fruit of merce honourable! It is creative, beneficent, pacific

, towards the zenith, nuay float at ease, and in perfect commerce. By commerce the latter is acquired, and light-diffusing, and promotive of human comfort ; and safety, in tolerably still water-ay, and sleep there, no the former is sustained ; and so long as the commer to the eye of reason, therefore, infinitely more deserv- would escape drowning, when you find yourself in deep

matter how long. If, not knowing how to swim, you cial supremacy of England is kept up, so long will that ing of honour than the destructive pursuit of war. little island continue to be the first among nations | Yet we cling to the stupid error of the warlike ages, cher; let your mouth and nose--not the top part of your

water, you have only to consider yourself an empty pitthe arbiter of empires, and the wonder of mankind. and imagine that there is more honour in killing, heavy head-be the highest part of you, and you are

The illustration afforded by our own country is not burning, ravaging, and laying waste the fair domain safe ; but thrust up one of your bony hands, and down less remarkable, although of a somewhat different provided for man, by divine benevolence, than in dis- you go-turning up the handle tips over the pitcher. nature. The amazing influence of commerce upon the seminating and increasing the

enjoyments designed for laving had the happiness to prevent one or two drowngrowtlı of nations is exemplified in our history, not by us by our Creator. We adopt the insane and atro- ings by this simple

instruction, we publish it for the beneovercoming disadvantages, but by the astonishing rapi- cious opinion of those iron-clad and iron-souled bar- fit of all who either love aquatic sports, or dread them. dity of its operation. We have every thing desirable barians of the middle ages, whose business was robbery,

- Walker. or necessary for the attainment of prosperity and power. and whose amusement was strife and butchery; who NOVEL MODE OF CONVEYING A STEAM-ENGINE. Immense extent of territory, unsurpassed fertility of held it right to take whatever they could seize by the soil, inexhaustible variety of productions, abundant strong hand, and thought it very chivalrous and noble used to convey post letters on land, and now for the first

It is but a short period that the steam-engine has been forests, navigable rivers, mines of coal, iron, copper, to run each other through with spears, for the mere

time a post letter is made the means of carrying a steamlead, and other useful minerals ; water-power for ma- glory of the deed ; and allow our high intelligence to engine. Messrs Newton and Berry, of the Patent Office, chinery, and a sea-coast abounding with harbours ; be hoodwinked by a prejudice, which the common Chancery-lane, London, lately received per post, from we are divided, by three thousand miles of ocean, sense of a child rejects as monstrous and absurd. Messrs Chadburn Brothers, Sheffield, a perfect working from the conflicts and intrigues of European politics, It is not merely as an abstract proposition, curious steam-engine, constructed on the oscillating, cylinder and, by the freedom of our institutions, left at liberty but of no practical consequence, that we have expa- principle, with its fly-wheel, framing, boiler, and fireplace to employ all our energies in the attainment of indi- tiated on the character and influence of commerce.complete; the whole was enclosed in a case wrapped in vidual welfare and happiness.

We have been impressed with a sense and a conviction paper secured with string, and accompanied with a deAnd now what is it that has made the United States, of its beneficial agency; we have seen that, by its effects scription of its construction and mode of working. The of the earth? Not their natural advantages,

certainly
, dignity
and honour of its own; we have recognised, in eight letters, which sum being prepaid

at Sheffield, coste for the same advantages are enjoyed by many other their full extent, its capacity

for good, and the depen: fellow penny travellers. — Newton's London Journal of countries, without the same result. Perhaps it may dence of its operation upon the mode and spirit in which

Arts. be answered, that our political institutions are the it is pursued ; and the reader's good sense will point out cause of this effect. And so they are, in part. They to him the way in which its full advantages are to be EDINBURGH: Printed and published by W. and R. CHAMBERS, 19, are the cause, in so far as, by the freedom of action realised ; and his laudable ambition, if he be intending Waterloo Place.- Agents, W. 8. ORR, London ; W. CURRY Jun. which they secure to every citizen, they have enabled or preparing to engage in commercial pursuits, will & Co. Dublin; J. MACLEOD, Glasgow ; sold by all booksellers. us, as a people, to exert all our energies, with the prompt him to grasp the means, and employ the

Complete sets of the Journal are always to be had from the highest efficacy and advantage, in those pursuits to agencies

, by which that end

is to be accomplished. publishers or their agente je also, any odd numbers to complete which inclination prompted ; interposing no obstacle He will see that a first-rate merchant is one of the pages and contents, have only to give them into the hands of any either to the choice, or to the successful prosecution, most useful and honourable members of society; and I bookseller, with orders to that effect.

R. C.

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c

3

NUMBER 425.

SATURDAY, MARCH 21, 1840.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

BY MRS S. C. HALL.

ST PAUL.

Hre

STORIES OF THE IRISH PEASANTRY.

fulness, were apt to say, “that she kept his nose to greenest spot” that had received the promise of a
the grinding-stone.” Nevertheless, the worthy shop- sweeping.
keeper grew fat, looked happy, and prospered.

Mary discovered in the morning, while commencing " Mind not high things: but condescend to men of low estate."

And what has all this to do with “going to service ?" her breakfast, that the milk had never been properly

you inquire. I will tell you. Mary Cassidy, the pretty strained before it was set for cream to make butter; GOING TO SERVICE.

interesting-looking girl who stood in Mrs Mulvany's consequently the cow hairs stuck round that com“ THERE's many have done it before ; and let people shop, had in a great degree been brought up under pound, like a cheveau-de-frise. Mary could not eat. say what they like, and however disagreeable it may her eye, and improved by her counsel. She had within Indeed, and it is very troublesome they are,” said be, it's no disgrace,” said Mrs Mulvany, the shop- the previous six months lost her uncle, or rather her the lady, picking out the offenders one by one, and keeper's wife in the little town of Ballycastle, or, ac mother's uncle (for poor Mary was an orphan), an laying them on the breakfast cloth, which bore tokens cording to its original designation, Ballycushlawn. amiable-hearted, gentle-minded old man, a friar, who of being “ used to it.”. “ It's mighty troublesome they “ It's no disgrace, Mary Cassidy, and so don't cry, had been educated in France, and who was both are; and while I think of it, I'll just speak about it to dear; if you are not comfortable after a while, you polished and tolerant. Mary was only sixteen, and Nelly. Ring the bell, Mary." can come to me. Remember there's ' a time for every her great-uncle's death had deprived her of bread ; Mary tried ; the bell was mute. thing, and every thing in time ;' 'a place for every indeed, during the last four years of his life his mind “Well, call, then, dear; tongues were made before thing, and every thing in its place ; dust the corners,' had faultered, and to the kindness of his neighbours bells ; but, any way, if Jerry had strengthened the as my poor mistress used to say (she was English, as he was principally indebted for the few comforts he

crank when I told him, with a bit of wire, we needn't well as myself, Mary), dust the corners, and the mid- required. Mrs Mulvany had, as she declared, lovea the be made hoarse with calling, or lame with tramping dle will dust itself; never leave till to-morrow what girl “ as if she were her own ;” but, contrary to the after those blind and stupid sarvants ; now, we must ought to be done to-day ;' 'a stitch in time saves usual Irish practice, she had sent those of her own have the bell-hanger, I suppose, when we can get him.” nine ;' keep on doing, and you will soon be done;' children whose assistance was not required in the shop, " A stitch in time saves nine,” thought Mary Cas

keep a civil tongue in your head, and your head will to service long before. They had gone cheerfully, sidy, as Nelly entered. keep you; always remember time and tide wait for because they had been brought up with that inten Nelly, the hairs prevent our eating the butter,”. no man. Why, Mary, girl! if my husband, Terence tion ; their mother's well-known diligence and in- said " the misthress," with the greatest composure. Bulvany, had minded my advice, where he has single dustry had secured them good situations in the best “ Bad luck and bad manners to 'em for that same,” pounds now, he'd have had dozens in his purse ; but families, and it was not in Mrs Mulvany's bustling replied Nelly, leaning her shoulder against the door he's an Irishman, Mary, and they're very affectionate nature to understand the nature of poor Mary's post, and running her finger backwards and forwards in their way, yet very, very thoughtless. But for all feelings. Mary had occupied a dangerous position ; across the back of the nearest chair, so as to form a that,” added the good woman, leaning her large red she was above the lower class, and greatly below the meandering figure in the dust. arms on a counter that was as clean as hard rubbing higher; the poor called her “ Miss,” the shopkeepers “Nelly, it's your fault.” could make it, “ for all that, I would not exchange my Mary.” She had received a little education; enough “ Bedad ! I'm as clear from it as if I had just risen Terence for any other husband, no matter what his to begin upon, and enough to make her desire more, from the priest's knee, God bless him! My faut, agra ! country.”

but not enough to raise her above the rank of an ordi- Bedad ! misthress, it's the faut of the strainer, that's Mrs Mulvany was a bustling, industrious woman. nary English servant. This she hardly believed could gone into smithereens ever since yerself, ma'am, took it Many people are bustling who are not industrious, but be the case, though Mrs Mulvany had told her so. She

to bate paes in.” she was both; and she was kind-hearted withal, though had no near relation in the world; but the Irish world

“ Devil take the peas !" chimed in the husband. her kindness did not take the form it usually takes in is not a cold one. All who knew sympathised with her, “Sure milk-vessels should be kept to themselves ; I Ireland. Her hospitality was not reckless ; she would except Mrs Mulvany, who declared she was in luck to had the taste of split peas off the butter for a month.” place enough before her husband's guests, but not a great get what was as good as an English place, to go where

“Ay !" said Nelly, making a very long slide with deal too much. Provisions are cheap in her neighbour-she'd have fresh meat once a-day, regular meals, a

her finger in the dust ; "ay, and last market-day, hood, but she did not conceive that their being so, justi- good bed, and a mistress who “ would have her work Pether, Sandy Pether, the gra-boy, lost the sale of the fied her in any species of extravagance; she considered done properly.”

butther through one of Andy Muckle's jokes—may their abundance an especial blessing, not to be wasted. Mary Cassidy silently agreed with every word ut- the devil choke him wid the next, I pray! He said it She did not think that prevailing on persons to eat or tered by her active and disinterested friend ; she was cows' hairs he was bringing to market instead of drink more than they liked, more than did them good, then as silently stole into the parlour behind the shop, cows' butter." was a proof of either kindness or generosity; she loved and from that into the little garden, where she shed “Still, Nelly, that is your fault,” said her mistress, her husband dearly; she worked with him, thought many bitter tears at the prospect of “going into in a more angry tone. for him, saved for him ; but she also remonstrated service.” Mrs Mulvany supplied her with all she

“ See that now! Bedad ! ma'am, I thought ye'd say with him, when, instead of minding his business, he deemed necessary for English servitude ; and as she so! Sure ye could not expect me to hinder the strainer would borrow a pointer, and use, or endeavour to use,

was going as house-maid, under the lady's maid, of wearing, and the paes, and”. the old gun as a fowling-piece. She steadily refused there was every reason to suppose she would learn

“ Don't dare to talk to me of the peas,” exclaimed her sanction to card-playing in all its branches, as

well and quickly. She was, however, to spend a few the good woman, angry that her fault should be exbeing an unchristian and unthrifty amusement ; and days after she left Ballycushlawn at the house of a posed ; "could you not have mended the strainer ?" when, having taken a " stiff tumbler” of punch, country gentleman, a sort of person midway between

“ It's a-past mendin' now." Terence would express his desire to have another, or,

a farmer and a squire; a very dangerous position for “But at first ?" if not another, half a one, or “only a little drop of

any one to occupy. The gentleman's wife was a “Oh! at fust! Sure it was only a daushy hole at sperits in the could wather, just to kill the insects,” Mrs distant relative of poor Mary's, and as in Ireland just ; and Miss Nancy used to take the world's delight Mulvany would lay firm, if not violent hands on the

“poverty" does not often “part good company,” in seeing the kitling put her paw through it. The hole ugly green bottle, put it into the cupboard, lock it up, she was not ashamed of her fourth cousin, though she did no harrum at the fust going off, as we used to lift the and consign the key to her capacious pocket : this was was foolish enough to lament her going to sarvice. strainer on one side." when there was nobody by. She had good sense Here it was Mary's fate to witness the reverse of all “If Mrs Mulvany heard this,” thought Mary, “how enough, if Terence filled his glass too often when a

the maxims inculcated by Mrs Mulvany's kind advice. she would storm !" and ventured immediately to sug. neighbour dropped in, to hold her tongue until he was

There was no settled time for any one duty ; every gest, that until a new strainer could be purchased, a gone ; or, if Terence had really taken too much, to thing was conducted by the rule of “hurry scurry;" piece of coarse linen should be sewn round the wood. keep it quiet till the next morning ; then, indeed, her consequently, when night came, at least half the work She would do it with pleasure herself

, “as it was a husband received a lecture, long or short, mild or

was laid to the account of the following day, which pity to lose the sale of the butter.” strong, according to circumstances.

thus became overburdened. The kitchen was a scene “Oh, very well,” said Nelly, rather piqued than Men generally listen to reason when suffering from of most desperate confusion ; instead of the noggins pleased; “miss might do it to be sure, if the misthress a bad headache produced by indiscretion, and Terence and jugs being hung in regular lines along the dresser, liked. The butther had the hairs in it many a day, knew his wife was right; besides, her entire conduct they were laid down when done with on the floor,“that and the misthress took it aisy enough ; and as to the in her own homely way convinced him that his into the cat, the craythur, might finish the sup of milk," sale of the butther, the laugh was agin Pether in the rests were hers, and that the desire of her life was to or “the chickens pick the last of the stirabout," or market. But, to be sure, some people, especially those see him well and happy. To be sure, she wanted him “ Rover, the baste, lick the end of it.” There they reared by half English, such as Mrs Mulvany, was to be happy in her way rather than his own, and was remained until they were wanted, when all was per- mighty nice ;” and Nelly flounced away, her mistress not as yielding, not as subservient, as Irish wives ge- plexity to get them ready. The dust was never dis- talking loudly of the “ dirt of the servants," quite fornerally are ; consequently, the young idling men, who turbed from the corners of their parlour, or from getting that she had set the example, if example was would have enjoyed their hot punch and feasting at behind the tables and chairs ; consequently every breath needed, of carelessness, by corrupting the milk-strainer Terence Mulvany's expense, but for his wife's care of air that entered the room, set it whirling over “ the by the impurity of other matter.

Dinner was ordered at four that day, and as poor Mary | in her bed. I ran down to the mistress, and, Cassidy,' she was so surely on the watch, that I watched her, and was wandering about, observing, without knowing it, how she says—the quality think a surname grander than a by'n by I saw Mary Dacey go to her and give her somedifferent every thing was from the thrift and care mani- Christian one, I suppose-Cassidy,' she says, there's a thing blue, but what I can't say. Well, I met Mary at fested in Mrs Mulvany's dwelling, two of the children light in the goosery ; go and see what's the matter, and the turn, and she running home for the dear life. She came running to tell her that “ Peenawn the piper was tell Dacey to come to me.'

grew red and pale when she saw me. Where have you outside the back door, playing “Rattle her down the Well, I went down, and the gander kept on roaring a been ?" I says. Down the grove for a mouthful of fresh Hill,' the hunter's jig, and that Nelly and Molly, and thousand murders; and when I got out, there was the air,” she says. “The air is fine and fresh here, Mary,' I little Jemmy, war dancing a double jig." Mary thought it plucker and the hen-wife, one on a boss, the other on a says; "glory be to God for it!' Maybe I had a bachemust be near the hour of dinner; as she passed the clock creepie, plucking for the dear life at an old goose, and lor to meet down there,' she says, laughing it off. she looked up; it was not going (a sure sign of a mis- half the flock shivering in a corner, and Mary Dacey with . May be, Mary,' said I, “you went to meet the goosemanaged house); but in the kitchen, the ducks, suspended a dirty pack of cards in her hand, that had been reading plucker.' by a string of twisted worsted before a fire, roaring like her fortune. *

Well, what staggered me, was, she swore such an oath a burning mountain, were at a dead stop, while à dog Go back,' says the old goose-plucker, “and say there she never set eyes on her since that night ; and when I was licking round and round the edge of a huge cracked was a cat or a weazel among the geese.'

reproached her with her wickedness, and said I knew she dish that did duty as a dripping-pan, as the cook (!) had "I'll tell no untruth,' I answered; "and the master saw was there, she turned on me with the greatest abuse, not been able to find time “to rid” the baked potatoes the light, besides the gander!

called me a spy, and said I might be an informer if I out of the proper dripping-pan, though they had been I wish the devil had him-and I'll give him some liked; that, if she did not see the goose-plucker whenever nearly destroyed by the picking of chickens and the lick-thing will make him stiffer in the wings soon,” says the she sent for her, she would tell the mistress, by a synonying of animals, to whom the kitchen was free ground; hen-wife.

mous letter, all I had to do with them before. and over this kitchen there was no presiding genius, as Mistress asked for you,' I said, wondering at their Oh! Mrs Mulvany, what am I to do?—the woman is the cook had fled at the sound of the pipes to turn her craft, and addressing my words to Mary.

often about the house, and neither master nor mistress foot in a jig, leaving the dinner to dress itself.

• Tell her I'm very bad entirely with the toothache,' knows it. Mary meets her, I know she does, constantly, Mary drove away the dog, and turned the ducks, see- she said, and that I can't get out of bed.'

and master said the first person who encouraged her ing there was no chance of the servants keeping on 'I tell you what,' I replied: "you, Anty Mullowny, about the house, should lose their place; and what he doing and consequently being soon done;" but the ser have no right to sell the birds' feathers unknowst to the says, he'll do. I know she's after no good, and I tell the vants regarded her care with scorn, and held her labour mistress.'

cook so, and she says the same; but she says also, it's in contempt.“ Indeed, they war not going to lose their * She won't sell them herself, so I do no harm,' she not your business, nor mine; and if ye tell on Mary, she's step of a dance for nothin'; the dinner would be time said.

an orphin, and can have no character if she's turned away enough. Masther ror misthress was never ready to the “They are not yours,' says I.

for comrading with that old fortune-telling woman, that's minute; why should they bother then 7-it wasn't every day Praich to the skylarks, priest's niece,' she answers. the curse of the neighbourhood.” [The letter continued they heard the pipes."

* Mary,' I said to the lady's maid, “ for the love of God, to repeat her anxiety as to what she ought to do, and If Mary had known enough to understand the full force and the sake of your character, run in at once; I can her fears as to whether or not Mary took any thing of of the observation,“ master nor mistress was never ready tell no lie for you or any one else; I must say if I am valne, and her dread of making enemies, and all the at the minute,” she would have understood how neces- asked, and tell the truth.

various fears and feelings which a well-meaning mind, sary the practice of punctuality is to enforce its observ- Oh dear, how mighty righteous we are of a suddent !' | that nevertheless wants strength, is likely to urge, both ance. The slovenly habits of this house did Mary Cassidy exclaimed Mary; but do go your own way; make tales to itself and others, as an excuse for not doing at once infinite service, for she had a sufficient quantity of good and carry tales, and see what you'll get by it. I don't what it is a duty to do.] taste to perceive they were such as to mar every thing care.'

When Mrs Mulvany read the letter, she first of all like comfort and economy.

* Mary, remember what Don't Care came to,' I an- called to her youngest daughter to be ready to take Five months elapsed after she went to Mrs Singleton's swered; "and as to making tales, you know I never did charge of the shop, as she was going from home for maybe before she wrote the following letter to Mrs Mulvany :- that; but certainly

I will not see my master and mistress a couple of days. She then asked her husband if she “ MY DEAR FRIEND-for so you have ever proved your plundered without informing them of it.

might have “ the sorrel swinger," as demurely as if she self to be to a poor friendless girl--and you will therefore, * It does not take a penny out of their pocket,' said wished him to believe that he really had some command I am sure, let me call you so- I am doing, thanks to your the plucker, while the old hen-woman

shook her fist

in over his stable. And then she ordered " Jem” to saddle advice, very well indeed, and, I may say, give great satis- my face, and the lady's maid dropped me a sneer of a the horse, and put on the big pillion and his best "top faction; and if it warn't for Mary Dacey, the lady's maid, curtsey.

coat," as she wanted him to look decent. After she had I should be as happy as if I wasn't at service at all; Well, Mrs Mulvany, I don't know how it would have made these arrangements to her perfect satisfaction, she every thing is regular as the clock, and my mistress so ended, had they not seen, from the light of a candle he commenced dressing herself in her best, and commented particular. You are a good girl,' says she to me one carried, the master himself picking his steps through the aloud on the contents of the letter, as she did so. “ That's morning ; Mary Cassidy, you are a very good girl; I sludge of the yard, on account of the drain of the duck- the way the world gets worse instead of better, and have examined all the corners, and find them well dusted.' pond being going to be repaired; and the moment Mary good, honest, industrious servants suspected, because of Ma'am,' says I, making a dutiful answer, Mrs Mulvany Dacey saw the flare of the candle, she tumed white as a the bad ones that have gone before them. It's all through told me to sweep the corners, and the middle would sweep silver penny.

the want of a proper feeling of the great principle of itself,' and that pleased her very much, and she said I * I'm done,' she says, “I'm done for ever, if the master truth; that's what it is; confounding the character of was a nice clean girl. But what puts betwixt me and catches me here.' We're all done,' says the goose- an informer, who tells lies, and if he does tell truth, does my rest entirely is Mary Dacey. "Oh, Mrs Mulvany, if plucker, shaking a whirl of feathers from her that looked it for a reward, with that of the truth-teller, who cherishes it wasn't for Mary Dacey, there wouldn't be a happier like a snow-storm. •We're all done!' And as she said truth for the love of God, and whose duty it is to prevent girl betwixt this and the Bay of Dublin than myself

. the word, old Anty bundled herself into where a goose, evil. What is she to do? Why, if Mary Dacey won't Now, you see, the mistress asked me when I came if I poor thing, was sitting on her eggs, and like lightning take her warnings, it is her duty,

as a servant and a had any, followers, and I felt my cheeks burn up like a she puts herself down on the eggs, and takes the goose Christian, to tell her mistress. My poor child ! she 11 coal of fire, for you know I never encouraged but the

one, in her lap, drawing her head down, for she is but a mite get into trouble, that she will! But I don't care a rush and he went to sea before my poor uncle (the heavens be of a woman; the goose-plucker stood her ground, but for the whole set of them! I'll just give my own Mary's his bed !) died ; but he did not go without breaking the Mary Dacey fell on her knees to me.

letter into her mistress's hand, plain and above board. ring which hangs about my neck at this minute, though, • Oh, Mary, avourneen,' she said, “just stand here that · Anonymus letter !' he who writes an anonymus letter is even if he is alive, maybe it's too proud he'd be to think I may creep down behind you, which will get the master a knave, he who believes it a fool. Oh! that servants of a poor servant, though he'd regard a priest's niece. to pass me over--do-now do. For the sake of your uncle's should be so base as to see their employer robbed; and However, I said, and trembling alive with the shame, soul, don't tell on a poor motherless girl like yerself; l'll say, " It is not their

business," as if it is not every body's None at this present time, ma'am,' for you told me to burn the cards, and never do wrong again. Well

, Mrs business to prevent robbery, as if we should not speak speak the truth.

Mulvany, I did let her do as she desired ; and maybe truth! Oh! if plain-speaking was minded, how sel* At this present time!' she repeated ; 'then you hope to when the master came in, was’nt he in a towering passion dom we should meet rogues, for they would know that have ?"

entirely; for being a gentleman mighty used to his own every honest eye was as a watch-tower over the inroads "Kit's pleasing to God and yourself, ma'am," I answered, way, he didn't like being disturbed; and then every of roquery. To think now that she'd be led by the eook! curtseying ; for,' I added, " I broke the ring with one minute he opened his mouth to spake, the flaff of the But that's the way; if one servant does not exactly

corthat's beyant seas, and that, I'm afraid, will never trouble down got into his throat, and then he was dancing mad rupt another, she saps the foundation of good princiyer honour about me.'

entirely; and the goose herself, poor thing, got unaisy ples. Mary Dacey, an orphin, indeed! Good reason she Now, Mrs Mulvany, was there any thing to laugh at about her eggs, as good raison she had; and after tum-should be more careful, after all the warnings, too; and in that? Sure I was in fear, and am in fear, that I may ing the plucker out, and she on her knees to his honour, why should she have a character, if she does not deserve never see him again! But the mistress laughed out- Mary," he says to me, that goose is distressed at some it? The idea of letting fraud be practised, because if it was right, and then said, “Well

, I am sure you have told the thing I hope they haven't poisoned as well as pluok't known the person who cheats and robs will not have a truth, and if you continue to do so, we shall have no them and while he walked over to the far corner with character! the

person, too, who

gives bread, who spends reason to repent Mrs Mulvany's recommendation. But, the light to see what ailed the bird, Mary Dacey slipt out, money in his own country instead of going abroad.

That Mary, the reason I asked was, that, if you had a lover

, and my heart grew

lighter then, for I thought she'd mend little minx, my own Mary, she ought to have known I would find out who and what he was, and, if he was for good. steady and well conducted, never object to your seeing

better ; but she is young, poor child! However, I'll set

And indeed I could not help laughing, for the master, it all to rights; I don't care for any of them.". him occasionally in my house, though I do not permit angry as he was, did the same thing as he pulled Anty And having so decreed, she strapped on her riding young girls to meet young men out of my house. It is off the eggs ; and when the poor goose found them broke, skirt, put on a warm shawl,

surmounted her handsome perfectly natural," she said, “that you and

every other she got into her tantrums, and raised a regular rebellion lace-cap by a black beaver hat, which boasted the ornayoung woman in due time should wish to be settled; among the other geese, so that old Jerry the gander, who ment of a steel buckle; and after her husband had lifted and as I hope to be not only a mistress but a friend to had sold the passt on the goose-plucker, came tottering her on the pillion, and the “ sorrel swinger” was fairly off you, and to all who serve me, I wish to know whom you home; and the upshot of it all was, that, in spite of a at his usual hard, high trot, Mr Mulvany was heard to know, that I may be able to advise you for the best, and thousand lies, and as many curses, old Anty was sent off declare

that liis wife « grew heavier and handsomer every reward you for good conduct. Always tell me the truth, the next morning, and two more, who certainly deserved day of her life.” frankly and simply as you have done now, and I will it, with her ; but they did not tell upon Mary Dacey, She had not proceeded far, when she saw strolling always be your friend.'' I'm sure they talked of my little token in the parlour, But now this is my trouble.

which at the time I thought very good of them entirely towards her the goose-plucker, who was well known to for Miss Annette looked very slyly out of her blue eyes

every one in the country.

I believe Mary's heart softened, but not only must the * Got any thing good and cheap ?" she inquired, as tle at me the next morning, and asked me if I wore nothing heart soften with sorrow, but harden against future sin; old rogue looked up at her with an expression of cunning about my neck but my handkercher;' but was not that if it does not, the sorrow does no good. Well, Mary pro- and fear, for rogues had an instinctive dread of Mrs Mul very good entirely of the mistress? Now, I never was mised me if I did not let on, that she'd change, and give vany. used to lying ; but, look, after those words of hers, Mrs up the card-playing, which, as you told me, brings not **Oh! ma'am, there's no good in telling you ; for you Mulvany, honey, I'd suffer myself to be eut into sparables only temptation with it, but a hard and heavy curse before I'd tell her a word of lic; and that's what's ruining wherever it is encouraged ; and she seemed mighty study less show ye any thing."

wont let a poor body come within a mile of ye, mach me with Mary Dacey-the lies I mean. Oh, Mrs Mul- and good entirely, until one morning I thought I saw the "Well, I'm taking a turn, perhaps," said the shopvany, the contrariness of Mary goes beyant the

beyands old goose-plucker in the far shrubbery, waiting under a keeper ; " so hand up yer basket, till I have a look." --it's shocking, so it is. There's an old henwife in it-a tree. Now, my poor oncle used to say it was through There were threads and tapes, and ribbons and laces, little put-together of a woman; and she gave out that such as her that servants so often got into trouble ; for and little looking-glasses that libelled the human face all the young pullets were cocks, and the old hens past they maraud through the conntry, sometimes pulling divine, and the usual assemblage of odds and ends ; but laying, so there never was any fresh eggs for breakfast, feathers, sometimes with a basket of hardware, or a pack Mrs Millvany knew, from the weight of the basket, that Moreover, she let a goose-plucker into the goosery at of soft goods, tempting the foolish girls with finery untit it contained more than it appeared to do. night, on condition that she was only to take half the for them, and taking payment in meal or corn, or apples, feathers off the poor innocent birds. As it was done on

“ How long is it," inquired Mrs Mulvany, “ since you or any thing the girls are tempted to take unknowst from the sly, even I did not know it, and the plucker was their employer, or their parents: this is worst of all, and pet, Mary Cassidy ?"

were at Castle Hazard ?-how long since ye saw my little going on with the brutal work, until one old gander, who, I daresay, was up to the mischief, went bang through

A change, too perceptible not to be at once noted by the window, and never set foot on the ground until he

the quick-witted Mrs Mulvany, passed over the goose

* The custom of pluck ing geere is carried to a shameful extent in plucker's face; and in a tone of mingled anxiety and flew right under the mistress's window, and then the Ireland ; men, and we shame to add, women, go about with huge cackling he made woke the dog, that woke the mistress, bags to stuff the feathers in, and pay generally twopence or three

anger she exclaimed, “ Yarra wisha! ma'am, give me and she wakes the master, and rings the servants bels: pence each to the farmers and cotters Wives for permission to strip my basket; sure it's well enough I knew ye didn't want Up I bounced, and, to my astonishment, Mary was not the poor bird as close as they please.

to buy any thing." Suld, given information.

"Here's a remnant rolled up of blue satin," persisted

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