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what was now, in a single night, raised above the identical or nearly so with those of the present seas, to one level ; the great piles of strata had been interPacific.*
thus showing that the same general circumstances sected by many wide valleys ; and the trees, now Soon after this event, an intelligent British tra- existed at the time when the old beaches were formed, changed into silex, were exposed projecting from the
as at present; but we are not for that reason to sup. volcanic soil, now changed into rock, whence formerly, veller who visited the place;t observed that, inland, pose that the rise which they argue in the land is of in a green and
budding state, they had raised their till a height of about fifty feet above the level of the modern date. There is good reason to conclude that lofty heads. Now, all is utterly irreclaimable and sea, there was a succession of terraces, composed of the British island is not higher at present than in the desert; even the lichen cannot adhere to the stony mingled shingle and sea-shells, and in all respects days of the Romans. The rise, whenever it took place, coats of former trees. Vast, and scarcely comprehen
was probably abrupt and effected at once, like thé sible as such changes must ever appear, yet they have resembling the beach which had lately been left dry. rises which take place in Chili
, for if it had been slow all occurred within a period recent, when compared No doubt was entertained that these had each in suc- and gradual, the oid beach would not have been left with the history of the Cordillera ; and that Cordillera cession been the sea-coast, and that the land had under- entire.
itself is modern as compared with some other of the gone as many elevations as there were terraces.
But raised beaches not only encincture the present fossiliferous strata of South America.”
The time here spoken of as recent is probably very We must now take our readers from the west coast coasts of our inland seas : they are found marked on of South America, and request them to accompany
the sides of mountains now far from the sea, and at a remote ; but both elevations and depressions of the us to the shores of the Baltic. Sweden, and the other great height above its level. Most of our readers pro- surface are clearly ascertained to have taken place to
bably are acquainted more or less with what are a considerable extent within times which even civil countries bordering on this inland sea, are well known usually called the parallel roads of Glenroy, in Inver- history does not call distant. From remains of articles to be little subject to earthquakes or any of the other ness-shire, namely, a range of terraces which mark, at of human workmanship found imbedded in the alludemonstrations of volcanic violence; yet there can be different heights, the sides of that vale, as well as the vium or clayey and gravelly deposit where the sea no doubt that, for centuries past, some parts of the sides of some glens adjacent to it. The traveller who formerly stood, it is certain that Sweden has risen 60
enters those lonely vales unprepared, is surprised to and Chili 85 feet above the present level of the sea, coasts of the Baltic have been slowly rising above the level observe three lerei lines proceeding along the moun- since the countries were first inhabited by man. When of the sea. This fact has been the subject of philosophical tain sides, exactly parallel to each other, and each at we turn to that part of the coast of Italy which is observation since the early part of the last century. one side exactly corresponding in level with one at the specially under volcanic influence, we find a lively and It has been found that, in many places, the land has other. It has lately been nearly made out to the most interesting proof of still more modern elevation been left uncovered by the sea ; sea-ports have become satisfaction of the scientific world, that these terraces and depression. On that coast, near Puzzuoli
, on a inland towns; and the sea near the land has been
were once the borders of inland seas, like those which platform nearly on a level with the sea, and occasion
still penetrate the West Highlands, and that they were ally soaked by it, there are the remains of a fine buildmuch shallowed. Upwards of a hundred years ago, raised into their present situation by a succession of ing, which apparently had been constructed in ancient lines marking the then surface of the sea were made, general elevations of the land.* Similar terraces are times as a public bath, although usually called the under the direction of scientific men, upon cliffs rising found in the vale of the Spey, in Glen Tilt, and in the Temple of Serapis. From the pavement, which is above the waters; and it has consequently been ascervale of the Tay between Perth and Dunkeld.
still entire, spring three or four tall columns, which tained that the land in those places is rising at the and even continents have risen, either slowly or by Above that point, however, for nine or ten feet, the
We are, then, to understand that great islands for twelve feet from the base are clean and unworn. rate of about forty-five English inches in a century, quick and abrupt movements, out of the sea. But stone has been pierced by great numbers of a marine or a foot every twenty-five years. Here, also, the land also occasionally sinks. Some parts of the shores shell-fish, called the lithodomus, the prominent inpopular opinion is, that the sea is retiring ; but the of the Baltic are stationary, or have fallen to a lower stinet of which leads it to take that means of forming real state of the case is strikingly proved in this in- level than formerly. The existence of submarine for itself a quiet residence. As these animals could stance by the fact, that, in some places, the ground is forests on some parts of the British coast shows that, have had no access to the pillars elsewhere than in at the same level as it was several centuries ago, and have sunk. A curious proof of the sinking of great upon which it stands, must have been at one time let
at a comparatively recent period, portions of our soil the sea, it is evident that the temple, and the ground in others is sinking. If the sea were from any cause chains of mountains has recently been detected by the down into the waters of the bay, and, after an interretiring, it would sink every where to the same ex- eminent Agassiz, on the fronts of some of the Alps, val, once more raised to their present situation. To tent. Other proofs of the rising of the land are to be near his residence at Neufchatel in Switzerland. The account for the stone being uninjured for the first found in the great quantities of sea-shells which are
caked snow (glaciers) of those mountains is known to twelve feet, we must suppose it to have been protected
be constantly though imperceptibly moving down for that space by an accumulation of mud or rubbish. imbedded in the soil on the considerably elevated wards along the slopes, new snow being constantly The top of the part perforated by the lithodomus, and grounds. At Uddevalla, in Gotheburg, a port at the added above. As the mass descends, it wears and which we consequently suppose to have been exposed entrance of the Baltic, there is a raised beach of the polishes the rock below. Masses of stone are also to the sea, is twenty-three feet above the existing level general character of those on the coast of Chili, full sometimes detached from projecting cliffs, and carried of the bay. Consequently, the subsidence and subseof shells, many of them entire and some broken, as
down fixed in the under surface of the glacier, so as quent elevation must have been to that extent at is usual on beaches, and of the same species as those therefore, in the parts covered by snow, present a to cut deeply into the smoothed surface. The Alps, least. Both events have probably taken place since
the Christian era.* It is at the same time worthy of existing on the neighbouring coasts. This beach is smoothed and scratched exterior. It is also to be re- remark, that the Mediterranean is found, in many old two hundred feet above the present level of the Baltic.marked, that, at the place where congelation ceases, ports along its shores, to maintain exactly the same It rests on a great platform of gneiss rock, which rises and the glacier melts, the detached stones, left disen- level as in the days of the Romans. in a cliffabove it, and on that cliff the shells of barnacles gaged, are accumulated in a kind of mound, or what If we were to go back to the early geological epochs are still found attached, the animals having taken up mountain. Now, it is a very striking fact, that mois locally called a moraine, around the side of the when the coal strata were formed, we might show
more wonderful examples of changes of level in the their residence there many ages ago, when the sea daily raines exist much below the present point of congela- earth's surface, for it is held by many geologists that rose and fell in tides against the face of the rock !S tion, and that when the soil is taken off the lower each bed must have at one time been a forest exposed
The publication of the above facts has caused at- flanks of the mountains, even in places where the to the open air; that it must in time have gone down tention to be directed to similar wonders in our own
vine grows, the surface of the rock' is smoothed and into the sea, and been covered over by mud or sand country, and it is now ascertained that raised beaches
scratched exactly as it is in the parts now covered by forming a new soil; that, the ground being once more
snow. To us these facts argue that the hills were raised, a new forest grew on the place, afterwards to exist in many parts of Great Britain and Ireland, not once higher than at present, and enveloped in the be submerged and covered over as before, and this for only near the present coasts, but in many inland situa- region of perpetual ice, and that they have since sunk twenty or thirty times, or as often as there may be tions. In the vale of the Ribble in Lancashire, Mr Mur- many hundred feet.
strata of coal at the spot. But we are disposed to chison found terraces at various elevations under three both great depression and great elevation
as having recent epochs, namely, those immediately before and
Another most remarkable circumstance, proving limit our views for the present to the comparatively hundred feet, composed of loose sands, gravels, and taken place at a particular part of the earth's surface, since man's appearance on the earth. The great ques marls, such as are deposited by the sea upon beaches. was observed by Mr Darwin in South America. In tion remains, By what agency are those risings and Along both sides of the Firth of Forth, there runs a a dangerous excursion which he made across the fallings occasioned? Can it be from the working of terrace about twenty feet above the present level of Andes, observing that the lower chain of hills parallel molten matter beneath the crust of the globe, or from the sea, and which may be traced at generally a short lavas and sedimentary deposits, he made search for taking place in the same quarter, or has electric agency
to the great Cordillera was composed of submarine intiammations brought about by great chemical unions distance from the shore, with a bank rising above it, and silicified or petrified wood, which is often found con- any thing to do with it? Science is yet unable to a narrow level space between it and the present line of nected with those rocks, and soon was gratified in an answer these questions, but we may in the mean time coast : this terrace, which, on being dug, is found full extraordinary manner. He saw on a bare slope, at an look on and admire the great ends which appear to of marine shells, is nothing but a beach which has been elevation of probably 7000 feet, soine snow-white pro- be in view. The dry land is known to have once been raised to a higher level by a general elevation of the jecting columns, which on examination proved to be very limited, only
a few islands being scattered, for land.ll A similar terrace is a striking feature in the required,” he says in his journal,+ " little geological South America was once but a long range of islands,
petrified trees, of a kind allied to the araucaria. “ It instance, over the space now composing Europe. coast scenery of the Firth of Clyde. It is between practice to interpret the marvellous story which this which have since become the tops of the Cordillera of thirty and forty feet above the present high-water scene at once unfolded ; though I confess I was at the Andes. But a constant progress has been made mark, and is conspicuous wherever the violence of the the plainest evidence of it. i saw the spot where a appear. Little islands must have risen till they bear Atlantic has not made inroads upon it. The grand cluster of fine trees had once waved their branches came large ; then they must have become connected cliffs which rise on the northern coast of Ayrshire, at on the shores of the Atlantic, when that ocean (now with each other, and finally they would be aggregated a little distance inland, are conceived to have been driven back 700 miles) approached the base of the An- into continents. Vast tracts must occasionally have formed by the beating of the sea at their base in des. I saw that they had sprung from a volcanic soil
, been laid bare
by a comparatively slight elevation, for old times. The Firth of Cromarty also presents that this dry land, with its upright trees, had been sub-continent for less than a thousand feet would submerge
which had been raised above the level of the sea, and it is stated that the sinking of the South American indubitable remains of raised beaches, the present sequently let down to the depths of the ocean. There it the whole of the vast tract between the Andes and town of Cromarty being seated on one of them. They was covered by sedimentary matter, and this again by the Atlantic. Thus there has gradually been rescued are best defined on what are or have been the enormous streams of submarine lava-one such mass from the enveloping sea the firm platform which was coasts of inland seas, for there the water is com
alone attaining the thickness of a thousand feet; and necessary as a theatre in which mankind were to live paratively quiet, so as to allow of a bank of soft or loose had been five times spread out alternately. The ocean
these deluges of melted stone and aqueous deposits and move, and work out all those great moral probmatter being formed on the brink of the sea.
lems which make them so much a wonder even to shells of at least the Forth and Clyde terraces are again the subterranean forces had exerted their power, business has long been over ; but still it inay be ne
Tho which received such a mass must have been deep; but themselves. It is probable that the chief part of the
and I now beheld the bed of that soa forming a chain cessary that both the gradual and the abrupt eleva* Lyell's Geology, ii. 176, 8. | Mrs Maria Graham. of mountains more than 7000 feet in altitude. Nor tions should not altogether cease, for the air and the
# Geological Instructions, prepared by M. Elie de Beaumont had those antagonist forces been dormant, which are water and the wind are so many agents constantly at for the French Scientifio Expedition to the North of Europe. always at work to wear down the surface of the land work to wear down elevated land and carry it back
$ M. Brongniart's Tableau des Terrains.
into the sea, so that it could not fail in time to be Smith on the Changes of the Level of the Sea, Edin. Philo* Darwin's Memoir on the Parallel Roads of Glenroy, 1839.
entirely submerged, unless there were some countersophical Journal, 0ot. 1938
| Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of H. M. B. Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1820 and 1936. London, 1839.
* Lyell's Principles of Geology, ii. 264.
After the usual routine of sea-sickness, fatigue, and mon expenses of our wedding tour. My calculation was vailing forces. In all of these operations we discover a new and surely most sublime cause for admiring that this—the reconciliation will possibly,
what with delays of poisonous cookery, we reached Paris on the fifth day, and great Providential agency to which nothing seems too post, distance, and deliberation, take a month-say five put up at the . Hotel de Londres,' Place Vendome.
To have an adequate idea of the state of my feelings as vast or too minute, if only it can serve the end of weeks ; now, at forty pounds per week, that makes ex
actly two hundred pounds, such being the precise limit I trod the splendid apartments of this princely hotel, furnishing living creatures with the means of enjoy- of my exchequer, when, blessed with a wife, a man, and surrounded by every luxury that wealth can procure, or ment.
a maid, three imperials, a cap-case, and a poodle, I ar- taste suggest, you must imagine the condition of a man rived at the Royal Hotel in Edinburgh. Had I been who is regaled with a sumptuous banquet on the eve of
Lord Francis Egerton, with his hundred thousand a-year, his execution. The inevitable termination to all my THE CONFESSIONS OF HARRY
looking for a new distraction' at any price; or, still present splendour was never for a moment absent from LORREQUER.*
more, were I a London shopkeeper, spending a Sunday my thoughts, and the secrecy with which I was obliged THE Confessions of Harry Lorrequer, to which we in Boulogne-sur-Mer, and trying to find out something to conceal my feelings, formed one of the greatest sources
of my misery. The coup, when it dogs come, will be sad have previously referred, originally appeared in the expensive, as he had only one day to stay, I could not
have more industriously sought out opportunities for enough, and poor Mary may as well have the comfort of pages of the Dublin University Magazine, where they
extravagance, and each day contrived to find out some the deception as long as it lasts, without suffering as I excited much attention from their vivid and accurate
two or three acquaintances to bring home to dinner. do. Such was the reasoning by which I met every re
And as I affected to have been married for a long time, solve to break to her the real state of our finances, and delineations of Irish and of military life. They deli
Mary felt less genee among strangers, and we got on such the frame of mind in which I spent my days at neated a state of manners fast fading away. The con
famously. Still the silence of the colonel weighed upon Paris---the only really unhappy ones I can ever charge dition of Ireland within the last twenty years has her mind, and although she partook of none of any anxie- my memory with. been more changed than that of any other country in ties from that source, being perfectly ignorant of the We had scarcely got settled in the hotel, when my Europe ; the aspect of society has undergone a still feet, that ¥ at length yielded to her repeated solicitations, state of my finances, she dwelt so constantly upon this sub- aunt, who inhabited the opposite side of the • Place,
came over to see us, and wish us joy. She had seen the greater alteration ; and those who have visited it at and permitted her to write to her father. Her letter was paragraph in the Post, and like all other people, with long intervals, feel as if they met a different country a most proper one ; combining a dutiful regret for leaving plenty of money, fully approved a match like mine. and a different people. It is much easier to perceive her home, with the hope that her choice had been such
She was delighted with Mary, and despite the natural such a change than to describe its nature. It will per- It went to say, that her father's acknowledgment of her and invited us to dine with her that day, and every sucas to excuse her rashness, or, at least, palliate her fault.
reserve of the old maiden lady, became actually cordial, haps be sufficient to notice the most marked differ- was all she needed or cared for, to complete her happi- ceeding one we might feel disposed to do so. So far so well
, ence : business is more a pleasure, and pleasure is less
ness, and asking for his permission to seek it in person. thought I, as I offered her my arm to see her home ; but
This was the substance of the letter, which, upon the a business. However advantageous such a change
if she knew of what value even this small attention
us, am I quite so sure she would offer it? However, no may be, it is fatal to the originality of character, the whole, satisfied me, and I waited anxiously for the reply. At the end of five days the answer arrived. It was
time is to be lost ; I cannot live in this state of hourly developement of whim, the pranks of humour, and the thus :
agitation ; I must make some one the confidant of my ebullitions of wit , which wero common in earlier days, and having done so, I have neither the right nor inclina advise upon them. Although such was my determina
• DEAR MARY-You have chosen your own path in life, sorrows, and none so fit as she who can relieve as well as A change in the habits of military men is scarcely | tion to interfere with your decision; I shall neither reless perceptible. At the close of the war there was ceive you nor the person you have made your husband; effort. My aunt's congratulations upon my good luck an abundant supply of old campaigners, full of the and, to prevent any further disappointment, inform you, made me shrink from the avowal ; and while she ran on reckless jollity, the keen sense of present enjoyment, might think proper to address will not reach me.-Your's curred in, I also chimed in with her satisfaction at the
upon the beauty and grace of my wife, topics I fully conand the disregard of consequences, naturally produced very faithful,
C. KAMWORTH. prudential and proper motives which led to the match. by the hardships and vicissitudes of such a war as Hydrabad Cottage.'
Twenty times I was on the eve of interrupting her, and that of the Peninsula. To such men, Ireland, with its This was a tremendous coup, and not in the least an- saying, “ But, madam, I am a beggar---my wife has not a excitable population, ever ready for frolic or for mis- ticipated by either of us ; upon me the effect was stun- shilling---I have absolutely nothing.'
Such were my thoughts, but whenever I endeavoured chief, and always preferring the practical jokes which wing, knowing as I did that our fast diminishing finances
to speak them, some confounded fulness in my throat unite both, was far more agreeable than the solemn neither knew nor thought of the exchequer, rallied at nearly choked me; my temples throbbed, my hands steadiness of England and the acute caution of Scot- dried her eyes, and putting her arm round my neck, said, despair, I cannot say, but the words would not come, and
once from her depression, and after a hearty fit of crying, trembled ; and whether it was shame, or the sickness of land. From 1815 to 1830, Ireland seemed made for
• Well, Jack, I must only love you the more, since papa all that I could get out was some flattery of my wife's the army, and the army for Ireland; both have since will not share any of my affection.'
beauty, or some vapid eulogy upon my own cleverness in changed, but the recollection of former days of mer
• I wish he would his purse though,' muttered I, as I securing such a prize.
But this is growing tedious, Harry ; I must get over riment is not yet effaced, and a more worthy chro- pressed her in my arms, and strove to seem perfectly happy.
the ground faster. Two months passed over at Paris, nicler than Harry Lorrequer could not be found to I shall not prolong my story by dwelling upon the agi- during which we continued to live at the · Londres,' givgive them a permanent record.
tation this letter cost me; however, I had yet a hundred ing dinners, soirées, dejeuners, with the prettiest equipage Lord Bacon once said of a story that was told bim, had always been a favourite. This thought, the only wife, which is rare enough for an Englishwoman, knew
pounds left, and an aunt in Harley Street, with whom I in the • Champs Elysees.' We were quite the mode. My “I believe it, not because it is like the truth, but be- rallying one I possessed, saved me for the time; and as fret- how to dress herself. Our evening parties were the most cause it is so unlike the truth that I would not give ting was never my forte, I never let Mary perceive that recherché things going; and if I were capable of partaking any human being the credit of the invention.” The respect, that my good spirits raised hers, and we set out all the pigeon-matches in the Bois de Boulegard, and
of any pleasure in the eclat, I had my share, having won remark is applicable not only to Harry Lorrequer's for London one fine sunshiny morning, as happy a looking beat Lord Henry Seymour himself in a steeple-chase. anecdotes, but to most Irish stories. All the circum- couple as ever travelled the north road.
The continual round of occupation in which pleasure stances noted by the Edinburgh reviewers as impro- to get into a cab and drive to Harley Street
. [llere Jack tion is impossible--the present is too full to admit any of
When we arrived at the Clarendon,' my first care was involves a man, is certainly its greatest attraction-reflecbable in Miss Edgeworth’s Patronage, were proved to found that his aunt had gone to Paris, and next morning, the past, and very little of the future, and even I, with have occurred in the history of her own family; and he continues] – I called upon her lawyer, and having ob- all my terrors awaiting me, began to feel a half indifferthe principal incident in Rory O'More, the conviction tained her address, sauntered to the Junior Club,' to ence to the result in the manifold cares of my then existof a man for murder after his supposed victim had the morning papers, I could
not help smiling at the flam- had I arrived, when the vision was dispelled in a moment
ence. To this state of fatalism, for such it was becoming, been produced in court, which some critics denounced ing paragraph which announced my marriage to the only by a visit from my aunt, who came to say, that some as the most improbable of inventions, was unexpectedly daughter and heiress of the millionaire, Colonel Kam- business requiring
her immediate presence in London, she confirmed by Chief-Justice Bushe, who, we believe, dence with my worthy relative, I folded the paper conworth. Not well knowing how to open the correspon- was to set out that evening, but hoped to find us in Paris
on her return. acted as counsel for the prisoner on that memorable taining the news, and addressed it to · Lady Lilford, [Jack now summons up sufficient courage to hint, in occasion. Hotel de Bristol, Paris.'
the course of a conversation with his aunt, the nature of At a future opportunity, we will take the liberty of and her maid surrounded by cases and band-boxes ; to comprehend as to spare particular explanation.]
When I arrived at the Clarendon,' I found my wife his situation and wishes, which she appeared so readily culling a few of the more striking drolleries with laces, satins, and velvets, were displayed on all sides, while * Indeed,' she replied, I think I have anticipated your which the volume abounds, in the meanwhile con- an emissary from Storr and Mortimer' was arranging wish in the matter ; but as time presses, and I must tenting ourselves with an abridgement of an off-hand a grand review of jewellery on a side table, one half of look after all my packing, I shall say good bye for a few sketch respecting one of Lorrequer's continental ad- chase. My advice was immediately called into requisi- bring you " what I mean," over to your hotel ; once more,
weeks, and in the evening Jepson, who stays here, will ventures, called
tion; and pressed into service, I had nothing left for it then, good bye.' JACK WALLER'S STORY.
but to canvass, criticise, and praise, between times, which “Good bye, my dearest, kindest friend,' said I, taking a “ And now, Jack, tell me something of your own for the Fleet' for every flounce of Valenciennes lace.
I did with a good grace, considering that I anticipated most tender adieu of the old lady. •What an excellent tunes since the day you passed me in the post-chaise and
creature she is !' said I, half aloud, as I turned towards
As at length one-half of the room became filled with home; “how considerate, how truly kind !---to spare me four.”
millinery, and the other glittered with jewels and bijouThe story is soon told. You remember that when I terie, my wife grew weary with her exertions, and we
too all the pain of explanation! Now I begin to breathe
once more. If there be a flask of Johannisberg in the carried off Mary, I had no intention of leaving England found ourselves alone.
“ Londres," I'll drink your health this day, and so shall whatever : my object was, after making her my wife, to When I told her that my aunt had taken up her resi- Mary.' So saying, I entered the hotel with a lighter open negociations with the old oolonel, and after the ap- pleasant it would be to go there too; and although I to do hitherto.
dence in Paris, it immediately occurred to her, how heart and a firmer step than ever it had been my fortune proved routine of penitential letters, imploring forgive concurred in the opinion for very different reasons, it was ness, and setting forth happiness only wanting his sanc
[During the evening, a packet arrives from her ladytion to make it heaven itself, to have thrown ourselves culty now existed as to the means---for though the daily to open it.),
at length decided we should do so; and the only diffi- ship; and the servants having left the room, Jack hastened at his feet, sobbed, blubbered, blown our noses, and papers teem with four ways to go from London to I read, with what feelings I leave you to guess, the foldressed for dinner, very comfortable inmates of that Paris,' they all resolved themselves into one, and that lowing : DEAR NEPHEW AND NIECE, the enclosed will particularly snug residence, ‘Hydrabad Cottage.' Now, one, unfortunately to me, the most difficult and imprao convey to you, with my warmest wishes for your bappiMary, who behaved with great courage for a couple of ticable--by money.
ness, a ticket on the Frankfort Lottery, of which I endays, after that got low-spirited and depressed; the There was, however, one last resource open---the sale close the scheme. I also take the opportunity of saying desertion of her father, as she called it, weighed upon her
of my commission. I will not dwell upon what it cost that I have purchased the Hungarian pony for Marymind, and all my endeavours to rally and comfort her
me to resolve upon this ; the determination was a painful which we spoke of this morning. It is at Johnston's were fruitless and unavailing. Each day, however, I day, Cox and Greenwood had got their instructions to one, but it was soon come to; and before five o'clock that stable, and will be delivered on sending for it.'
• Think of that, Jack-the Borghese pony, with the expected to hear something of or from the colonel that sell out for me, and had advanced a thousand pounds of silky tail ; mine-oh! what a dear good old soul; it was would put an end to this feeling of suspense ; but nothree weeks rolled on, and although I took care that he the ground--(it is your ruined man that is always most
the purchase. Our bill settled---the waiters bowing to the very thing of all others I longed for, for they told me
the princess had refused every offer for it.' knew of our address, we never received any communica liberal)--the post-horses harnessed, and impatient for While Mary ran on in this strain, I sat mute and stutien. You are aware that when I married, I knew Mary held a parasol over the soubrette in the rumble, all in prived me for a moment of all thought, and it was several
the road, I took my place beside my wife, while my valet pified ; the sudden reverse my hopes had sustained dehad, or was have a large in
credit with Coutts and Drummond ; the whips cracked, my misfortunes.
the leaders capered, and with a patronising bow to the How that crazy old maid, for such, alas, I called her * Dublin, Curry; London, Orr.
proprietor of the Clarendon,' away we rattled to Dover. to myself now, could have so blundered all my meaning
- how she could so palpably have mistaken, I could my former claim upon Mr Lorrequer, you have let me exercises. The man is in my employment now. Many
of my weavers went to see the battle; there was a strong not conceive. What a remedy for a man overwhelmed enjoy very little of his society.” with debt!-a ticket in a German lottery, and a cream- We now adjourned to the drawing-room, where we
muster of the operative politicians on both sides of the coloured pony, as if my whole life had not been one con- gossipped
away till past midnight; and I retired to my question, and a grand dinner among the blue and tinged lottery, with every day a blank ; and as to horses, room, meditating over Jack's adventures, and praying in white' men afterwards, to celebrate the triumph of I had eleven in my stables already. Perhaps she thought my heart, that despite all his mischances, my own might their champion. You may see the parties when you twelve would read better in my schedule, when I, next end as happily.
come to my warehouse.' Men present at the battle week, surrendered as insolvent.
were afterwards seen, and the following further parUnable to bear the delight, the childish delight, of
ticulars were stated :-Mr Edward Painter, formerly Mary, on her new acquisition, I rushed out of the house, DEMORALISING AND IMPOVERISHING
a professional pugilist, supplied the ropes and stakes; and wandered for several hours in the Boulevards. At
EFFECTS OF PARTY SPIRIT.
the scene of action was about eight miles from Nor last I summoned up courage to tell my wife. I once
[Abridged from Dr Mitchell's Report to Parliament on the Con. wich ; each party went out with cockades in their more turned towards home, and entered her dressingdition of Hand-Loom Weavers.]
pockets, and when the purple and yellow' hero could where she was having her hair dressed for a ball at the embassy. My resolution failed me--not now, thought There is no cause which has had so direful an effect not come to time, the blue and white partisans I---to-morrow will do as well---one night more of happi; on the prosperity of the trade in Norwich, as party mounted their cockades, and displayed their flag, and ness for her, and then— pride, as ornament after ornament, brilliant with dia- spirit. In almost every town possessing parliamen- they returned with shouts of triumph to the city.
The purple and yellow weavers, however, console monds and emeralds, shone in her hair and upon her tary representation, there is a complaint of party themselves with the fact that their hero, though unarms, heightening her beauty, and lighting up with a spirit ; but in Norwich it far exceeds that of any other fortunate in his inferior science, displayed a valour dazzling brilliancy her lovely figure. But it must come place, and is carried to an extent which is utterly and hardihood which, under better tuition, would have fully as bitter. Besides, I am able now; and when I may amazing. The people are distinguished by colours ; secured him the victory." again be so, who can tell? Now then be it, said I, as I
The last general election at Norwich afforded a “ purple and orange” denote the Tories, and “ blue striking view of the party spirit of the city, and of the told the waiting-maid to retire; and taking a chair be- and white” the Whigs or Radicals. The party to practices by which the leading men have acted on the side my wife, put my arm round her. * There, John, dearest, take care ; don't you see you'll which every man in Norwich belongs, from the highest poverty, the necessities, and the frailty and wickedness
of the poorer citizens, many of whom are weavers, and crush all that great affair of Malines lace that Rosetta to the lowest, is as well known as if he daily wore has been breaking her heart to manage this half hour ?' clothes of the colours by which it is designated. The whose interests have much suffered in consequence.
· And then?? sai could not go to the ball, naughty boy. exasperation of the one party against the other is such candidates was 1865 and 1863 ; and for the blue and I am bent on a great conquest to-night ; so pray don't mar
as to make every man lament that human nature white' candidates, 1843 and 1831 ; of whom 1400 voted such good intentions.' should be capable of such feelings.
under the influence of the most open application of • And you should be greatly disappointed were you The spirit of party enters into every thing ; every pecuniary temptation. not to go?"
The money spent, according to the information “Of course I should. But what do you mean ?-is there institution of the town is a subject of party spirit ; it any reason why I should not ? You are silent, John; is like two towns in one, and acting in hostility against know, was about L.44,000. The 'blue and white
given to me by two gentlemen who could not but speak---oh, speak---has any thing occurred to my- each other. It may be asked, why machinery and party spent more money than the purple and orange'
· No, no, dearest ; nothing that I know has occurred to the colonel.'
other improvements in trade have not been introduced party ; and this is attributable to what many consider • Well, then, who is it? Oh, tell me at once.
into the town, so that it may keep pace with other to have been a blunder in their tactics, and which is "Oh, my dear, there is no one in the case but ourselves ;' places. The cause is the violent and odiously virulent thus explained. so saying, despite the injunction abuut the lace, I drew party spirit. This feeling continues to operate, as it
The purple and orange' party had felt secure that was able, explained all our circumstances--my endeavour state of the city, pecuniarily, morally, or mentally. election, which was on a Tuesday, it is supposed that her towards me, and in as few words, but as clearly as I has always done
, to defeat all attempts to improve
the there would be noe opposition, and if the blue and to better them---my hopes---my fears--and now my bit- No man of cither political party, be it which it may, they might have taken their opponents by surprise, ter disappointment, if not despair. The first shock over, Mary showed not only more cou
could introduce machinery into this city, though it and snatched a victory. But they commenced operarage but more sound sense than I could have believed. were as evident as the sun at noonday that it must tions on the Wednesday, being six days before the All the frivolity of her former character vanished at the necessarily be for the general good, but he would in election, and began actively to buy votes, and to carry first touch of adversity, just, as of old, Harry, we left the all probability, at some paltry election contest (parti- off the voters into coop:. They had thus the expense tinsel of our gay jackets behind, when active service called cularly if he took an active part in it), be held up as
of six days to defray. But as soon as the purple and the most poignant regret I had was, in not having sooner the cause of the lowering of wages
, or some such ab- they had time to buy back their friends from the selled, and encouraged me by turns ; and in half an hour an obnoxious individual, perhaps as one who had been orange' party saw
what was doing, they sent off to
London for money, which arrived on Saturday, and made her my confidante, and checked the progress of surdity, and his property, and perhaps his life, would blue and white' party; and those whom they carried our enormous expenditure somewhat earlier.
be endangered ; and whilst the present detestable party into coop, they had to keep only three days, which was weeks we sold our carriages and horses; our pictures (we with any other manufacturing communities.
I shall not now detain you much longer. In three animosity exists, no one will attempt to keep pace much less expensive than keeping them, six days. had begun this among our other extravagances) and our
One of the chiefs of the blue and white' party ad. china followed ; and under the plea of health set out Besides impoverishing, politics greatly demoralise mitted the impolicy their early declaration of a for Baden ; not one among our Paris acquaintances ever tho place ; they hold out the temptation of drinking, contest, but said that his views had been overruled in suspecting the real reason of our departure, and never and the temptation of money to induce men to violate the committee. attributing any monied difficulties to us, for we paid our their consciences ; “it is not only in the election of The contest was carried on very openly. There was debts.
members of Parliament, but in the municipal elections no hypocrisy, no concealment, on either side. There The same day we left Paris, I dispatched a letter to also. Ten pounds are given commonly enough in a were 1400 to be bought, and about these lay the my aunt, explaining fully all about us, and suggesting municipal election ; I have known L.100 to be given struggle. One gentleman stated to me that he himthat as I had now left the army for ever, perhaps she when the contest was likely to run very close. We self had the distribution of money to the voters on the would interest some of her friends---and she has powerfal have eight wards in this city ; two of them are so de- day of election. He sat at a table in a large room, harones--to do something for me.
After some little loitering on the Rhine, we fixed upon other ward, inhabited by the aristocracy, is Tory, and of L.15, of L.20, of L.25, of L.30, of. L.35, of 1.40 Hesse Cassel for our residence. It was very quiet---very there is no contest there.
cidedly Whig, that there is little contest there. An-ing before him parcels coiled up of bank-notes of L.10, cheap-the country around picturesque---and last, but
But the other five wards value, all in readiness, that there might be no loss of not least, there was not an Englishman in the neighbour- must be regularly bought, and the real contest is time in counting. The voters, one at a time, entered hood. The second week after our arrival brought us merely which party has got the best purse. The at one door, passed through the room, and out at letters from my aunt. She had settled four hundred a- Whigs are as bad as the Tories, and the Tories are as another door. Every man was asked what he had year upon us for the present, and sent the first year in bad as the Whigs, and there is not a pin to choose agreed for, and it was handed to him. One man would advance; promised us a visit as soon as we were ready to between them.
be so innocent as to ask for only L.10; the next man receive her; and pledged herself not to forget when an opportunity of serving me should offer.
There is not an election of any sort into which poli. would ask for L.20.; and both were paid with equal
tics do not enter, from the election of the sexton of readiness. Then might come, perhaps, one who would From that moment to this,” said Jack, “all has gone the poorest parish in Norwich to the election of the ask for L.15, and it would be paid ; but with a caution well with us. but we have no wants, and, better still, no debts. The mayor of the city. In our charities, and in our lite given to him not to spoil the market by letting any dear old aunt is always making us some little present or
rary institutions, and in every thing, it is the same. body know that he had got more than L:10. But the other; and somehow I have a kind of feeling that better
In choosing the committee of the public library there other sums were given. A grocer or other substantiał luck is still in store ; but faith, Harry, as long as I have is always a struggle between the Whigs and the tradesman looked for L.40, and there were the cases a happy home, and a warm fireside, for a friend when he Tories. The last general election at Norwich was of two professional men who each had L.50. drops in upon me, I scarcely can say that better luck followed by an election amongst the boys, which, al- The gentleman who paid the money gave this inforneed be wished for."
though amusing, shows how fully, even from their mation with the most hearty frankness; and when told “There is only one point, Jack, you have not enlight- earliest youth, the nativ s of Norwich are imbued with that the guilt of all these doings rested upon him, and ened me upon; how came you here ?"
party spirit. When the parents thus train them in on the other criminals who composed the committee, he “Oh! that was a great omission in my narrative ; but the way that they should go, we may feel but too sure laughed, consoling himself that he had many coadjucome, this will explain it; see here.” So saying, he drew that when they are old thoy will not depart from it. tors with whom to support the burden.. Towards the from a little drawer a large lithographic print of a mag- It was a real contest, carried on with great zeal, and close of the poll, nobody could say on which side lay the pificent castellated building
with towers and bastions, every formality duly observed. At first all the voters victory ; every vote therefore was sought out, and no with cannon, and an eagled banner floating proudly above
were unpaid; but as the contest drew towards a close, money was thought too much. The case of one poor them.
every means fair and foul was adopted to get boys to man deserves to be particularised. Some years ago, " What in the name of the Sphynxes is this ?”.
the poll ; some were seized by force, others were in being then in great distress, a manufacturer took pity "There,” said Jack, " is the Schloss von Eberhausen ; duced by hire. At first marbles were given for votes ; on him, and gave employment both to him and his or, if you like it in English, Eberhausen Castle, as it was by and bye the price rose to pence ; and towards the wife. They proved steady people, and they were never the year of the deluge; for the present mansion that we very close, from 1s. to 1s. 6d. was the reward of the allowed to be out of work. Å general election came are now sipping our wine in bears no very close resem- suffrage. The blue and white' had a majority. on, and the man was offered L.15, and he refused it, blance to it.
But to make the mystery clear, this was There was a chairing procession, and a grand dinner and voted on the same side with his employer. Anthe great prize in the Frankfort lottery, the ticket of and ball to celebrate the event. That might pass for other election came on, and he was again tempted, and which my aunt's first note contained, and which we were fortunate enough to win. We have been here only a few tragedy in Norwich.
a comedy, but politics render every thing more of a again stood firm. He said that the manufacturer had weeks, and though the affair looks somewhat meagre, we
now for many years employed him and his wife, and have hopes that in a little time, and with some pains, triumph of the blue and white' party; the lower
Their success in the boys' election was not the only he had never been without work, and thereby had had much may be done to make it habitable. There is a orders had their triumph also. Two pugilistic heroes
, the most ungrateful of men, if for money he were to
a comfortable living, and he should consider himself and innumerable rights, seignorial, manorial, &c., which, the one a blue and white,' and the other a ' purple vote against him. After the close of the last election, fortunately for my neighbours, I neither understand nor and yellow,' agreed to decide in their way the merits the manufacturer was told that this man had voted care for; and we are therefore the best friends in the of their principles. The Whig hero was a weaver, in against his party, and he sent for him, and made the world. Among others I am styled the graf or count.” the employment of Mr Etheridge ; that gentleman inquiry. The man looked very uneasy, and said that "Well
, then, Monsieur le Comte,” said Mary,“ do you states, The man was a month in training. About a it was really so. The manufacturer said, Did you intend favouring me with your company at coffee this fortnight before the battle he declined a piece of not say that you would be the most ungrateful of men evening, for already it is ten o'clock; and considering work because he could not be spared from preparatory if you ever voted against me ? "I did so,' said be,
and I never intended to do otherwise ; but there was “Hunger prest him sore, and I
a fabulist, he has taken rank among our popular ima great deal of money offered me, a great deal indeed,
Had to give but bread and beer.
mortalities. I predict to you, sir, that your repute, and I was quite unable to resist it. The manufac
Then his dress he tried to dry,
great as it already is, will yet increase. Few critics turer said, "And what might be the money ; was it
And awhile he slumbered here.
at this day are capable of appreciating the perfect
Much I wept, but, when awake, L.100 ! The man said, 'Sir, a great deal more than
finish of your verses ; few ears are delicate enough to
He exclaimed, ‘Be hopeful still ! that.' It is known that the sum paid was L.135.
Paris soon shall see nie tako
taste their full harmony. The most exquisite art This statement was made to me by the manufacturer
Vengeance fit for France's ill! himself. To pass by the base seducers, and to bestow
there lies hid under the garb of nature and ease.”
I have kept, and ever will, blame on the poor man to whom such an irresistible
In the following piece, translated by a friend, we
Like gem of price, the glass-the same sum was offered, would be demanding from poor men
From which he drank that night."
find Beranger lamenting the dissipation of the roa strength of feeling which the condition of human “ Have you still the glass, grandame?
mantic fancies, which, in his youthful mind, were nature does not entitle us to expect. At the election
Oh give it to our sight!"
coupled with the phenomena of wild-fires, or what we previous to the last, the number of voters to be bought
" See it here. But foemen found
term in Britain Jack-a-lantern and Will-o'-the-wisp. was 900 ; at the last election it was 1400. It is the Strength to lay the hero low;
THE WILD-FIRES. tendency of the system to extend its corrupting ra
He whose brows a pope had crowned,
Oh summer evc, and village peace, vages, and on every returning occasion to draw more
Sleeps afar where sea-waves flow.
Clear skies, sweet odours, gushing streams! and more within its vortex.
Long we disbelieved his loss,
Ye blest my childhood's simple dreams,
Crying, 'He will re-appear!
To cheer my age, oh do not cease! these contested elections, the city languishes from the
Soon the ocean he will cross,
World-wearied, here I love to dwell,
For ev'n these merry wild-fires tell
And our foes will find their peer!' continual absorption of 'mental energy in party poli
Of youth and sweet simplicity.
When the truth became too clear, tics. But for this, long before now the town would
Oft did my heart with terror swell have had an efficient polioe, and the majesty of the
Sore, indeed, was my distress,
As from their dance I wont to fly. law would have attained respect ; enterprising men
As heavy as the ill!"
I've lost that blissful ignorance ; would then have ventured to establish machinery in
“But, grandame, kind Heaven will bless
Dance, merry wild-fires, dance, dance. their manufactures, which they have not dared to do.
Will cheer and bless you still!"
On wakeful nights, the tale went round
Of Jack-a-lantern, cunning, cruel,
With watch-fires of no carthly fuel, vast spaces of ground now empty within the walls, and The whole land of France, without the exception of
Guardian of treasures under ground. much land in the vicinity, would have been covered one single little village within its bounds, must
They told of goblins, unblest powers, with buildings, and the population, instead of 60,000 abound in such recollections of Napoleon. This veri
Ghosts, sorcerers, and mysterious hours, or 70,000, would have been 120,000, or 180,000 ; the similitude has made the song extremely popular. In
Of dragons huge that ever fitted
Around all dark and ancient towers : ground would be yielding a rental many times over the following piece, we find another faithful sketch of Such tales my easy faith admitted. what it does at present ; there would have been many circumstances which must have been of but too com
Age hath dispelled my youthful trance; more opulent manufacturers and tradesmen of every
Dance, pretty wild-fires, dance, dance. description, and Norwich would have been one of the mon occurrence during the late war. A dialogue takes
Scarce ten years old, one winter night, chief places in the empire. Such, however, has not place between mother and daughter :
Bewildered on the lonely swamp, been the case, and until party spirit subside, little
THE PRISONER OF WAR.
I saw the wild-fire trim his lamp; hope can be entertained of its prosperity.
“ See, the shepherd's star is shining'
" It is my grandame's cheerful light
A pretty cake she has for me,"
I said, and ran with infant glee.
A shepherd Alled my soul with dread;
** Oh foolish boy, the lamp you see
Seized at sea, far, far away,
Lights up the revels of the dead."
Dispelled is now my youthful trance;
He yielded-but the last, they say." he could not help being dazzled by the intellectual
Dance, merry wild-fires, dance, dance: greatness of Napoleon, and again and again in his
Spin, poor Mary, toil and spin,
Love-stirred, at sixteen once I stole
For the captive one afar : writings he has given vent to expressions of admira
By the old curate's lonely inound :
Spin, poor Mary, toil and spin, tion for the genius of the emperor, and regret for his
For the prisoner of war!
The wild-fires danced his grave around: fall. Considering the height of power to which Napo
I paused to bless the curate's soul. " At your call, I light my lamp.
From regions of the slumbering dead, leon raised the people of France, there is indeed every
But, my child, why yet in tears
Methought the aged curate said, excuse to be made for a native of the country on this
" Mother, he in dungeon damp
“ Alas! unhappy reprobate,
So soon hath beauty turned thy head!"
Wastes-the sport of foemen's jeere. score. The more fervent the patriotism of such a one,
That night I feared the frowns of fate. the more apt would he be to mistake the sword-sus
Adrian loved me from a boy:
Still let the voice my ear entrance ; tained greatness of France under Bonaparte for some
His presence filled our home with joy."
Dance, merty wild-tires, dance, ckinee.
“ Child, for him I too would spin,
Now, from such pleasing errors free,
But I am so old and frail." not judge harshly of Beranger for the tenor and tone
I feel the chilling touch of time : “ All I toil for, all I win,
The visions of my early prime of such pieces as the one that follows, and which is
Goes to him I love and wail.
Have bowed to stern reality. much admired by his countrymen. He calls it “ Les
Te her wedding, Rose in vain
But oh! I loved fair nature more, Souvenirs du Peuple”_" The Recollections of the
Invites me-hark! the minstrel's strain !"
Ere I was taught the pedant's lore.
The dear delusions of my youth,
Which bound my heart in days of yore,
" Child, draw nigh the fire, I pray;
Have fled before the torch of truth.
Chill it grows as day declines."
Dearest to me my youthful trance,
“ Mother, Adrian, they may,
Dance, merry wild-fires, dance, dance.
In a floating dungeon pines :
With one other piece we shall close our notice of
Strangers, men of cruel mood,
Repulse his hand stretched out for food."
Beranger on this occasion. It is an address of the “ With the tale of times gone by,
poet to his old coat, and exhibits that union of sentenGrandame, while an hour away.
“ Cheerly, daughter! I of late
tiousness with gaiety, so characteristic of the majority Though he toiled us sore," they'll say,
Dreamed that you were Adrian's bride,
of his lyrics. The Lisette mentioned in it, as well as " Yet his name we still revere ;
And my dreams, like hests of fate,
in so many other pieces, is understood to have had no His fame no time can dim:
In one month are ratified."
existence but in the poet's fancy.
« What! before the grass be green,
BERANGER TO IIIS OLD COAT.
Spin, poor Mary, toil and spin,
Be faithful still, thou poor dear coat of mine!
For the captive one afar !
We, step for step, are both becoming old.
Ten years these hands have brushed that nap of thino
And Socrates did never more, I hold.
For the prisoner of war !
When to fresh tear and wear the time to be
Shall force thy sore-thinned texture to submit,
Be philosophic and resist like me:
guage - not imitable, unfortunately, in an English Mine ancient friend, we must not sunder yet.
version—these sentiments and pictures went home to Full well I mind, for I forget not much, Much abashed I felt that day,
the hearts of the French people. Even the bitterest The day that saw thee first upon me put :
My birth-day 'twas, and as a crowning touch
Unto my pride, my friends all praised thy cut. “ Then he spoke, grandame, when near?
such pieces as “ The Recollections," or refrain from Thy indigence, which docs me ne disgrace,
Each at my fête yet shows a gladsome face:
Mine ancient friend, we must not sunder yet.
in many respects, the opposite of each other, letters
A goodly darn I on thy skirts espy,
And thereby hangs a sweet remembrance still. kindly sympathy. These epistles were published in Feigning one eve from fond Lisette to fly, Pleasure beamed in every eye,
She held by thee to baulk my seeming will.
The tug was followed by a grievous rent,
And then her side of course I could not quit;
Two days Lisette on that vast darning spent:
Mine ancient friend, we must not sunder yet.
Have e'er I made thce reek with musky steams,
Such as your self-admiring fools exbale?
Have I exposed thee, courting great men's beams,
To levoc mock or antechamber rail ?
A strife for ribbons all the land of France,
From side to side, well nigh asunder split:
From thy lapelle nothing but wild flowers glance:
Mine ancient friend, we must not sunder yet.
Fear no renewal of those courses vain,
Those madcap sports which once employed our hours-
Chateaubriand, who bocame an exile at the political llours of commingled joyfulness and pain,
crisis of 1830, called forth a reply from the banished Of sunshine chequered here and there with showers
I rather ought, methinks, thy faded cloth
From every future service to acquit:
Mine ancient friend, we shall not sunder yet.
briand) is pleased to call himself a song-writer, but, Beranger now lives at Tours, enjoying a small but Oh was he seated there?"
like Jean de la Fontaine, who chose to name himself comfortable independence. He is not a very old pun,
sacre of St Bartholomew, would in all probability and is understood to be employing his yet unim- could I satisfy so great a number of hurt people.” paired faculties in writing a history of the stirring The great secret of Parey's success as a surgeon, both have perished with “the good Coligny" and other soenes amid which he passed his life. Being an inti- in military and other cases, was his plan of securing victims, had not the weak and wicked author of the mate friend of Manuel, Gohier, David, and many others the blood-vessels ; and to comprehend the precise na- catastrophe, Charles IX., expressly interfered to save of the most distinguished men of modern France, his ture of his process, it will be necessary to describe how the great surgeon from the fate to which others were annals cannot fail to possess a lively and powerful amputations of limbs were performed previous to his pitilessly doomed The king sent for Parey, and interest.
day. From an early period, it was customary, in ordered him not to stir from the royal apartments till taking off a leg, arm, or finger, to sear the raw stump the danger was past. There was no true generosity
with a red-hot iron, so as to shrivel up the terminations here ; Parey was a man whose services were too valuBIOGRAPHIC SKETCHES.
of the arteries and other vessels, and stop the discharge able to be lost. And, indeed, through his whole
of blood. Scalding oil was also applied to assist in this lengthened career of eighty-one years, he owed his In the roll of practical improvers of the useful sciences, rude and cruel operation. It is almost needless to favour at court to the same cause : he was too honest few are entitled to a higher place than Ambrose Parey, say, that the danger attending this style of operating to hold it by common courtier-like servility. The sixteenth century, and one to whom his successors in the partially secured arteries to burst forth, and the straightforwardness, and their waspish hostility dres the profession have unanimously accorded the title of unhappy sufferer, in too many instances, bled to death down on them some smart castigations from the old Father of Modern Surgery. Parey was born at Laval, before a new cauterisation with a red-hot iron could surgeon. Here is a sample of the style in which he
be applied. It was common for those who had lost treated a foe in his writings. Speaking of a gentlein the province of Maine, in the year 1509. Ile was placed under the charge of a country
chaplain, in order leg or arm, to be found dead in bed, in consequence man whose limb he had amputated, he says, “ I dressed to receive a knowledge of Latin, but the parents of the of the warmth of the dressings and bed-clothes having him, and God cured him. I sent him to his house
merry, with his wooden leg, and content, saying, that boy were too poor to be able properly to indemnify the state of surgery when Ambrose Parey, a man of he had escaped cheaply, not to have been miserably the teacher, and the latter accordingly extracted an equivalent for his fees from his pupil, by making him enlarged understanding and active habits, introduced burnt, as you write in your book."
Ambrose Parey's writings, consisting of tracts on dig in the garden, curry the mule, and perform other since been in universal use. In the case of a leg or military surgery, on anatomy, on the plague, &c., have such labours. From these humble beginnings, Parey rose to be medicine-compounder to a surgeon of Laval
, arm being amputated, or on any occasion where an been several times collected and published.An Engand, while in this situation, had an opportunity of artery was divided, whether by accident or by the knife lish translation of them was published in 1634, by
of the surgeon, Parey gave security to the sufferer by Thomas Johnson, surgeon, and by him dedicated to witnessing an operation for stone, which was performed tying the important vessel or vessels, either at their Lord Herbert of Cherbury. by a Parisian lithotomist, brought from town on pur-ends, if these were exposed, or at some convenient pose. The sight inspired the youth with the deter point between the divided part and the heart. The mination to go to Paris, and endeavour to get into lux of blood from that organ was thus effectually BLACK LABOURERS FANCY BALL IN BRITISH some situation where he might prosecute to good pur- stopped. This improvement, like all great improve. The following article has accidentally met our eyes in a pose the study of the surgical art. At Paris he was
ments, seems extremely simple, and one, apparently, fortunate enough to get into the favour of Goupil, a medical professor in tho college of France, and from demanding no particular inventive powers. Yet its Liverpool papier, into which it is stated to have been co
pied from the Royal Gazette of British Guiana, of the 26th this time forward enjoyed the best advantages for full value can scarcely be estimated. It has given a acquiring the art to which he felt so strong a vocation degree of security to all branches of operative surgery, surely in some important respects highly pleasing affaire
ampuIn defending his character against the calumniations tation of a finger frequently caused a fatal loss of blood the same order, and the neighbouring gentlemen. As an
a fancy ball given by a black labourer to his friends of of an adversary, Parey at a later period gave the fold in the days of preceding surgeons, but since the intro- instance and example of good feeling between the labourresident the space of three years in the hospital of duction of the ligature by Parey, the largest vessel in ing and employing class in a colony lately under the in
the body may be divided with every prospect of safety Auence of slavery, and as a curious picture of mankers, Paris (the Hotel Dieu), where I had the means to use and learn divers works of surgery upon divers dis- French surgeon, therefore, deserves ever to be held in to the patient whose malady may require it. The great it seems to us entitled to extensive notice :
" On Christmas-eve, Vincent Paradise, head labourer eases, together with the anatomy upon a great num
on the estate of Vreed-en-Hoop, entertained the sable ber of dead bodies ; as oftentimes I have sufficiently grateful remembrance by mankind, Parey also made
an accidental discovery of another kind, which was of ladies and gentlemen of his acquaintance with a fancy made trial publicly in the Physicians' School of Paris, great service in military surgery. Under the impres- ball. Ten or fifteen days previously to the 24th, cards and my good luck hath made me see much more.
sion that wounds caused by powder had a certain "vene- of invitation, executed in the most fashionable style, For, being called to the service of the king of France nosity” about them, surgeons were in the habit of were issued, not only to such as were to appear in fancy (four of whom I have served), I have been in company
“ cauterising the wounds with oil of elder, scalding dresses, but also to numbers of white gentlemen of the at battles, skirmishes, assaults, and besieging of cities hot.” On one occasion (says Parey) • I wanted oil
, first respectability in the neighbourhood. The
whole with those that have been besieged, having charge to of yolks of eggs, oil of roses, and turpentine. In the from the town-side of the ferry was crowded from stem and fortresses; as also I have been shut up in cities and was constrained, instead of it, to apply a digestive day was fine, and
for arranging the predress those which were hurt." He concludes by say night I could not sleep, in quiet, fearing some default ing, with just pride, that in the famous city of Paris, in not cauterising, and that I should find those, to
to stern, and from larboard to starboard, with people of for many long years," there was not any cure, were
all classes and colours, from the metropolis; the deck whom I had not used the burning oil, to have died it ever so difficult and great,” where his band and his impoisoned, which made me rise very early to visit tin canisters, and band-boxes, filled with the robes of
was covered over its length and breadth with baskets. counsel were not required.
them, where, beyond my expectation, I found those to dukes and duchesses, of lords and ladies, and of peasants The four kings of France whom Ambrose Parey whom I had applied my digestive medicine to feel little and country girls. Knots, epaulettes, plumes, and such served, and to each of whom, in succession, he was pain, and their wounds without intiammation or tu- ornaments as would suffer from being bruised, were laid principal surgeon-in- ordinary, were Henry II., mour, having rested reasonably well that night. The carefully on the binnacle, on canister-lids, or carried in Francis II., Charles IX., and Henry III. In the others, to whom was used the burning oil, I found fever the hands. On arriving at the Vreed-en-Hoop Ferry course of the eighty-one years of his long and useful ish, with great pain and tumour about the edges of Stelling, all was found to be hurry, joy, and expectation; existence, Parey witnessed an amazing number of their wounds. And then I resolved with myself never happiness beamed on every countenance, and the greatest military actions ; for so great was the estimation in which he was held, that the princes, nobles, and This discovery led to a great and beneficial change in so cruelly to burn poor men wounded by gun-shot." enemy of the colony would have sought in vain for any,
even the least, symptom of the distress and oppression officers of France, would scarcely take the field without surgical practice-a change scarcely less important fering. The room in which the assembly met is a large
under which they have represented the labourers as sufhis attendance, and even the common soldiery parti- than that effected by the introduction of ligatures. logie among the buildings on Vreed-en-Hoop; and to it, cipated in the same feelings. When accompanied by The forge and burning coals, and the scalding oil, from all directions, were seen hurrying gentlemen in great their great surgeon, all classes went cheerfully to were from that time needed no more.
numbers, some in gigs, and others on horseback. Many battle, assured that if human aid could save them, In the “ Voyage to Boulogne in 1545,” Parey men- of the girls and boys who were to appear in characters, none would perish. The truth of this statement is tions a curious incident which took place in the skir- drove to the place in the chaises and conveyances of their forcibly shown by some circumstances which occurred mishes between the English and the French. “ One employers, in order to prevent their dresses and ornaat the siege of Metz, in which city a small but select day, going through the camp to dress my hurt people, ments from being injured by walking. Proprietors, attorband of the noblesse and soldiery of France was long the enemies who were in the Tower of Order shot off neys, and managers of estates up the river and down the shut up by Charles V., at the head of an army of a piece of ordnance, thinking to kill horsemen who coast, merchants, doctors, lawyers, magistrates, and pri100,000 men. The besieged forces petitioned their staid to talk with one another. It happened that the
vate gentlemen from town and country, all assembled to sovereign to send Ambrose Parey to them, and he was bullet
passed very near one of these men, which threw participate and rejoice in the evening's amusement. with great difficulty introduced into the city: He him to the ground, and it was thought the said bullet
The apartment that was fitted up for the occasion is in arrived at midnight, and the governor, who was imme- had touched him, which it did not at all
, but only the length eighty-seven feet, and in breadth thirty-six, and diately awakened to receive the good news, was so wind of the said bullet in the midst of his coat, which and elegant. It was entered at one end, so that
to a deeply sensible of the value of his acquisition, that he went with such a force that all the outward part of spectator going in at the door, a full view of the whole begged Parey to go next morning and show himself the thigh became black and blue, and he had much upon the breach. He did so, and was received with ado to stand. I dressed him, and made divers scari- length of the room, and supports the floor above it, exactly
scene presented itself. A large beam runs the entire joy and triumph by the French army. His presence fications to evacuate the effused blood, which the wind in the middle. From this was suspended a Hogarthian inspired them with such confidence, that the Emperor of the said bullet had made ; and the rebounds that line of waving drapery, richly embroidered with scarlet Charles found his assaults fruitless, and raised the the ball made from the ground killed four soldiers, and gold, having arched spaces at intervals, through which siege, after leaving beneath the city walls not less than which remained dead in the place." The idea enter-persons could pass from one side to the other. It divided thirty thousand of his bravest followers. All writers tained by Parey, regarding the destructive powers of the apartment, through the whole
length, into two equal have concurred in the admission, that the obstinacy the wind of a buillet, continued ourrent up almost till parts, leaving
a space of eighteen feet broad on each side of the defence was mainly owing to the presence of the present day, and indeed some surgeons yet hold for the dancers. From the centre of the ceiling of each Parey. Ambrose Paroy attained to this high eminence while the passage of cannon bullets, without presenting any and at the outer extremity of both sides was suspended the same belief. That men are frequently killed by fantastically bedecked with variously-coloured
, yet comparatively a young man. At the age of forty trace of serious injury on their bodies, is an unqueshe was surgeon-in-ordinary to Henry II. We derive tionable fact. In some cases there are no marks even
a similar row of lamps, the whole composing a beautiful
illumination. our acquaintance with the particulars of his career, of a bruise on the skin. In these circumstances, it greens and rich flowers, a device comprising the initials
At the upper end were executed, of everchiefly from his own defensive or “ Apologetic Trea- was not unnatural for Parey and others to suppose of Victoria Regina, and between them the crown of Great tise," containing an account of the journies which he that the ball had never touched the body. But, it has Britain. On each side of this burned a lamp of extraormade to divers places, at the command of his sove- been asked, if the wind of a ball is of such potency, dinary brightness ; the whole was overarched and emreign, or in pursuit of professional knowledge. how does it happen that buttons, feathers, and even
bowered by two trees of liberty, which were planted so The number of lives which Parey was personally noses and ears, are carried away by balls without the that their unfading and luxuriant boughs were entangled instrumental in saving, during his numerous cam- slightest injury to the vital parts which are thus closely together above. A colonnade of green branches rested paigns, is represented as having been beyond all cal- passed? The opinion of the highest modern medical
on the floor, close to the sides of the room; these ran the culation. His toils and his celebrity may be alike authorities seems to be, that a spent ball, striking the
entire length of the eighty-three feet, and their foliage estimated from his own words. “ When I entered body obliquely, may cause a fatal concussion, without
was trained so as to overhang the chandeliers in the midinto one lodging, soldiers attended me at the door to injuring the skin by the stroke. It would be difficult
dle of the side spaces. The orchestra was decorated in go and dress others at another lodging ; when I went
a tasteful and fantastic manner. forth, there was striving who should have me ; and ball is now generally deemed incapable of producing and it was really difficult to know whether to admire to explain how this should be so ; but the wind of a
About eight o'clock the fancy guests began to assemble, they carried me, like a holy body, not touching the the effect ascribed to it. ground with my foot, in spite one of another. Nor |
most the costliness and elegance of the dresses, or their Parey was a Protestant, and at the era of the mas- I appropriateness to the rank and charroter