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Daschkaw, Princess
203 Hospital Scene in Portugal, 248 Museum of Paris, Contraband 198 Sea Chase,

387
David the Painter, Story of 173 Humorous Scene from Novel, 167 | Music, Fashionable

416 Seals and Seal-hunters,

139
Deaf and Dumb Girl,
240 Humorous Traits of Highland Laird, 93 Napier's Eastern Sports,

359 Sebastian Cabot,

59
Deaths, Births, and Marriages, 362 Hunt, Exquisite at a

279 Narrative of the Avon,

219 Section, Glasgow Geological 338
Decimal Coinage,
411 Hunter on Vision,
130 National Vanity,

286 Selfish Boy, the
Deformities, Physical
341 Husbands, Advice to
256 | National Advancement,
22 Seven Men of Glenmoriston,

14
Demoralisation from Party Spirit, 84 Hutton's Court of Requests, 213 Newcastle,

181, 186 Shakspeare's Jest-Book,

350
Deputy, the
40 Illusions, Spectral 307, 326, 386 New Forest, Account of

249 Shaw on Salmon Fry,

99
Design, Continental Schools of 132 Improvement in Sailors,

244 Newspapers in France,
349 Sheep in Russia, Merino

272
Dietz's Steam-Carriages,
280 Increase of Colour by Inversion of New Zealand,

319 Sheffield Medical Charities, - 60
Dinner in Glasgow, Old-Fashioned 175

the Head,
374 New Zealand, Recent News from 269 Shipwreck of the Polly,

238
Dog of Bretten,
96 Inchrory, a Highland Chief, 415 Nore and Thereabouts,

213

- 362 Siberia, Expedition to
Domestic Greenhouses,
44 Identity of Coal and Vegetables, 338 Observations on Politeness,

251
Doyle, Martin, on Agriculture, 92, 107 Indian Rubber,

294 Obscure Man of Genius,
239 Sighing-Rooms, Colonial

328
Dramatic Proverbs,
236 Indies, Slavery in the West 292, 299 Occasional Notes,

Sights of a Foreign Fair,

310
Druids, the
30 Indus, Campaign on the

342 4, 116, 125, 141, 165, 181, 196, 245, 276, Silvio Pellico's Liberation, 295
Drunken Sea,
359 Industrial Schools in England, 237 284, 308, 324, 341, 348, 357, 372, 388 Sketch-book, Paris

271
Druses and Beyrout,

375 Infant Education and Management, 183 Occupations for the Insane, 287 Sketches in Natural History, 55, 174,
Durham Tradition,
375 Ingliston, Scene from Novel of 167 Odd London Characters,

119

187, 414
Ealing, School at
237 Innkeepers and Guests,
388 Okham, School at

237 Sketches of Superstitions, 30, 43, 55, 103,
Earthquakes in Britain,
58 Insane, Occupations for
287 OʻMalley, Extract from Charles 218

122, 206, 261, 307, 326, 386
East, Fraser on the
293 Insane of Cairo,

120 One Fault, Novel so called, 370 Skimmings from Old Receipt-book, 180
Eastern Sports,
359 Instinct of Animals,
18 Opie, Recollections of
2, 20 Sleep-walking,

61
East, Southgate on the
247 Instruction of Youth in Physies, 277 | Opinion, Terror of Public 239 Smith's New Vesicatory,

341
Echoes,
67 Intellectuality of Animals, 156 Originality of Journal,

280 Smith, Writings of

285
Edinburgh Exhibition,
29 Irish Harpers, Old
- 277 Oysters,

54 Snail, the

174
Editorial Note,

280 Irish Poor, Report on
3421) 267 Ossuna, Judgments of

80 Society of Glenkens,

22
Editors' Address,
8 Irish Student, Humours of an 200 Painting on Glass,

127 Soirée of Messrs Chambers,

230
Educational Institutions, 334, 412 Jamaica,

292, 299 Palestine, Geramb on

68 Solitaries of Port-Royal,
Education of Infants,
183 James Small,
391 Parliament Houses, Lighting of 229 Southgate's Travels,

247
Eildon Terraces,
222 Jest-Book of Shakspeare,
350 Palmer on the Post-Office,

6 Squinting, Cure of

127
Electric Telegraph,
209 Jew and Christian,
214 Paper-Money,

156 Spectral Illusions, 307, 326, 386
Electro-Magnetism and Mechanics, 374 Jews of Damascus,

189 Paris, Contraband Museum of 198 Speculations on Words, 3d article, 62
Elephant Hunt, My First 335 Jew, Wandering

*** 12 Paris Sketch-Book,
271 Spending, Modes of

330
Elephant-Hunting,
223 Judgments of Duke of Ossuna, 80 Parkhurst, Visit to

257 Spitalfields and its Weavers,- 123
Emancipation of Slaves, 292, 299 Juryman, the Recusant
87 Party Spirit, Bad Effects of 84 Spontaneous Fires,

380
Emigrant, Letter of
21 Katterfelto, Dr
71 Peel Family,
392 Stair, Lord, to his Tenants -

368
Emigration, Report on
30 Keep on this Side,
149 Pellico's Return Home,

295 Statistics, English
Emigration to South Australia, 100 Kemnay, Parish School of 412 Persecution of Damascene Jews,

196

189 St Cross,
English Farmers' Clubs, 364 Kennedy's Narrative,

342 Pic-Nic, My
412 Steam-Carriages Dietz,

250
Epidemic, Anti-Hebrew
354 Kentucky Life,

368 Pictures of the French, 40, 143, 188 Steam-Boat Disasters,
Etiquette, Points on
6 Labour, Article on

179 Pisa, Ugolino of
Exhibition at Glasgow,
333 Labouring Classes, Depression of 336 Plough, Improver of the

St John
Exhibitions of Science,

29 Ladies, Advice to Young 205 Physical Agents Affecting Man, 37, 114 Strong Man, Topham, the
Experiences of British Earthquakes, 58 Ladies' Dress,

284 Physical Deformities,

341 Stuart, Story of Prince Charles
Exquisite at Cover,

279 Ladies, Edinburgh School for Young 334 Physics, Glasgow Section of 347 Subaltern in the Transport, 214
Fair, a Foreign
310 Landlord's Speech, A
368 Poetry of Sir A. Boswell,

5 Sugar-house, Visit to

268
Fairies, Account of
103 Laws against Animals,
69 Points on Etiquette,

6 Suspected Spy, the

154
Falconry,
163 Learned Professions,
372 Police Agent, the
188 Swainson on Animals,

18
Farmers' Clubs, English
364 Lectures in Dublin, Recent 246 Politeness, Observations on 264 Table-Talk, Volume of

79
Farmers, Unlocomotive
324 Letter-Bag of Great Western,
46 Polities of Burns,
196 Tailor, Rare doings of a

344
Fashionable Sportsmen,
367 Letter of Canadian Emigrant, 223 Polly, Shipwreck of the

238 Tait's Magazine, Extracts from 117
Few Weeks from Home, 173, 181, 229, Level of Earth, Change in

81 Polytechnic School of Paris, 74 Teachers, Remuneration to 245
237, 249, 257, 273, 190, 201, 209, 353, Liverpool Mechanics' School, 334 Popular Information on Political Teachers' Salaries,

324
369

Living on the Continent,
125 Economy, 147, 155, 162, 179, 234 Tea, Report on Assam

2
Fictions of Northern Europe, - 55 Logan, Scraps from Laird of 320

242, 282, 318, 194, 330 Telegraph, Electric

209
Fireside Story, Edinburgh 126 Longevity, I'raits of

134 Poor, Condition of
323 Temperance in Ireland,

380
Fires, Spontaneous
380 Loiterings of Travel,
35 Poor-Law Report,
30 Teneriffe, Ascent of

102
Firms, Old
116 London Workmen,

78 Poor of Ireland, Report on
267 Terraces on the Eildons,

222
Florida, Bloodhound of
256 Lorrequer, Confessions of
83 Port-Royal, Solitaries of

70 Tic Doloreux,

388
Foot-prints in Stone,
79 Lost Money, Story of
87 Post-Office, Palmer on

6 Topham, and Strong Men,

252
Forbes's Ceylon,
150 Louis Philip's Life,
373, 382 Practical Good of Science,

20 Town-lots of Little Hrenchman,

110
Foreign and British Pictures, 11 Lyons, Child of

Preparation of Coffee,

238 Townshend's Excursion, 69, 77
France, Military System of 351 Macnab, Laird of
93 Principle of Things Indifferent, 348 Traits of longevity,

134
Fraser's Tour in the East, 293 Machinery,

318 Priest, the French
143 Transport, Miseries of a

214
French King, Life of the 373, 382 Maconochie on Convicts,

250 Printing-Office, Visit to a
94 Tribune, Rienzi, the

36
Frenchman's Town-lots,
110 Macculloch, the Mechanician, 271 Prisoner of State's Narrative, 159, 166 Trollope's Brittany,

220
French Newspapers,
349 Madeira,
101 Procrastination,
181 Trollope's One Fault, Mrs

370
French Priest, the
143 Madman, Mathews, the

75 Profits,
242 Turrenne, Anecdotes of

96
Gas Burners,
324 Malta, by a Traveller,
228 Rafflers, the
213 Turnbull's Travels,

125
Geddely's Case,
87 Map-Makers, Hints for
324 Railway Charges,

215 Tytler on History of Queen Mary, 287
Geographical Distribution of Man, 112 Marian, Mrs Hall's Story of 118 Railways, the

201 Ugolino of Pisang

262
Geology, Glasgow Meeting on 338 Marine Animals, Parts of

374 | Raised Beaches,
338 Unfortunate Sailor,

215
George the Third and Lancaster, 366 Marriages, Births, and Deaths, 362 Rat, Natural History of the 414 Uninvited Contributions, 221, 255
Geramb on Palestine,
68 Married, Column for the
256 Receipt-book, Skimmings from Old 180 Union is Strength

76
Gibson, John, Account of
239 Married Man's Reverie,
231 Reckoning, the
213 Vaccination Act, New

332
Girls, Column for
216 Marshall on Barometer,
27 Recollections of an Authoress, 2, 20, 45 Vegetable Phenomenal,

207
Glasgow Dinner-Party,
175 Mary, Queen of Scots,

287 Recollections of Ceylon Sport, 335 Ventilation of Parliament Houses, 229
Glasgow High-School,
277 Mathematical Section at Glasgow, 347 Regulations, Old Burghal 342 Verse, Uninvited

254
Glasgow Statistics,
323 Mathew, Father, on Abstinence, 117 Religious Exercise,

367 Vesicatory, New

341
Glass, Painting on
127 Mathews, the Impostor,
75 Remarkable Case of Circumstantial View of Classical School,

14 207
Glenkens Society,
22 Maxims and Golden Rules,
344 Evidence,

39 Visit to a Sugar-house,

268
Glenmoriston, Men of
14 Mechanical Power, New
374 Remarkable Places, Visits to 28 Visit to Canterbury,

369
Golden Rules, Maxims, and Morals, 344 Medical Charities of Sheffield, 60 Remuneration to Teachers, 245 Visit to Parkhurst,

257
Goose, the Tree
300 Medical Reform,
316 Rent, Explanation of

234 Visits to Remarkable Places,
Gossip about the Carse of Gowrie, 260 Medical Schools, French and English 56 Reform, Medical

316 Voyage of the Avon, Perilous 219
Grave of John Hampden,
184 Medical Quackery,
309 Reproduction of Parts in Animals, 374 Wages, Differences in

194
Great, Difficulty of Becoming 357 | Medicine to Infants,
344 Retrospect of a Military Life, 315 Wages of Weavers,

48
Green-Houses, Domestic
44 Memoirs of Princess Daschkaw, 203 Requests, Court of

213 Walking Excursions of Young Men, 245
Guiana, Ball of Blacks in
86 Mendicity in Ireland,
392 Rienzi, the Tribune,
36 Wandering Jew,

12
Guizot on Washington,
307 Men, Distribution of

112 Rocky Mountains, Townshend on 69, 77 Warm Batlıs for Workmen, 15
Gurney's West Indies, 365, 390 Merino Sheep in Russia,

272 Rosslyn, Countess of

2 Washington, Guizot on

307
Hackney-Wick, School at
237 Metallic Currency,
147 Runjeet Sing, Camp of

91 Weather-Wisdom,

157
Haihunga Ceremonies,
302 Metcalf, the Blind Surveyor, 149 Rassell's Australian Tour,

138 Weavers, German and British 48
Half-Crown, Hal Pierson's 366 Mettray Colony,

10 Russian Lady of Honour,

203 | Weavers of Spitalfields,
Hall's (Mrs) “ Marian," a Story, 118 Military Lady's Pic-Nic,

412 Sailors, Self-improvement of 244 Wedderburne, Recollections of
Hal Pierson's Half-Crown, 366 Military Life, Retrospect of a 315 Salaries of Teachers,

324 Wellington and David,

173
Hammersley's Bank,
351 Military System of France, 351 Salmon Fry, Shaw on -

99 Well-known Couplet,

372
Hampden's Grave,
184 Mineralogy, Glasgow Section of 358 Sanatoriums,

164 | West Indies, Gurney's 365, 390
Hardress Fitzgerald, Story of
47 Misunderstandings,
357 Sanatory Wants,
311 Western, Letter-Bag of Great

46
Harpers, Old Irish
277 Models and Manufactures Exhibited Saxons, Superstitions of

43 Whale Chase in Australia,

343
Head and Heart,
374 at Glasgow,
333 School, Polytechnic

74 Whaling Voyage, Bennett's 196
Heads of Americans,
319 Modes of Spending,
330 Schools of Medicine,

56 Wight, Isle of

249
Heads of the French,
40, 143 Molesworth on Colonisation, 383 Science, Good of

20 | Wilde's Narrative,

101, 108
Highland Laird,
93 Money, Metallic and Paper, 147, 155 Scott, Conversation with

52 Willis's Loiterings of Travel, 36
Highland Chief,
415 Morris, Lyrics of Captain
140 Scott, Recollections of

2 Winchester,

273
Hogg, Songs of
309 Moth, Clothes'
187 Scottish Poor,
286 Witchcraft, Account of

122
Howitt
on Remarkable Places, 28 Movement in Ireland, Temperance 380 Scottish Witchcraft,

206 Witchcraft in England,

262
Horse-Power,
320 | Murat, Story of Achille
199 Scraps from Lorrequer,
96 / Witchcraft in Scotland,

206

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Wires, Advice to

256 Dinner-giving, Hints on
Word on Medical Reform,

316 Dobbs and bis Nag Nobbs,
Words, Speculations on

62 Dog, Anecdote of a
Work, Channing on hard

168 Double-bedded Room, Story of a
Workmen, Clubs for

276 Drama, the
Workmen in London,

78 Drug-taking,
Wounds, Religious

367 Duelling in America,
Wrangell's Work on Siberia, 251 Egyptian Coffee,
Writings of James Smith, 285 Either, Note on word
Zealand, Information on New 269 Emigration to Australia,
Zealand, New

319 English Affectation,
Zoological Lectures in Dublin, 246 English Mind,

Equality of Bliss,
Erskine's Love of Animals,

Fatal Cure,
ANECDOTES & PARAGRAPHS. Flowers,

Fly-catcher, Spotted
Advice, Sound

208 Force, Moral and Physical
Alligators,

232 Foreign English,
American Cuttings,

240 Foresight,
Art of Floating,

64 French, King of the
Asking Opinions on Books, 165 Fruits of the Earth,
Barrack Ladies,

160 Gas, Natural
Bear-hunt in Lapland,

192 Gas, New
Beggar, the Irish, and Mathews 112 Geographical Primer,
Bird, Robbery by

208 Good and Bad,
Birds' Nests, the Edible

160 Goodwin Sands, Beacon on
Borrowing on all hands,

72 Great Drink, the
Capons trained to Nurse Poultry, 151 Health and Mortality, Public
Causes Celebres, Story from 286 Health-seeking,
Cheap Postage,

20 Heir-looms,
Children, Love of

192 Highland Deer,
Colonial Sighing-rooms,

328 Horse-power,
Conscience,

48 Horses on a Journey,
Contradictory Couple,

160 Ideas, Treatment of New
Courtship of Pawnees,

16 Ignorance, Danger of
Coutts, Superstition of Mr 360 Indians, Treatment of
Cromwell, Oliver

200 Indian Manners, Native
Cunning, American

360 Information for the People, New
Curran, Story of

96 | Ink-stand of Perry,
Cuttings from American Papers, 240 Insult, Implied
Dancers, Hints to

224 Intemperance,
Definitions,

296 Irish Debt,
Delicacy, Extreme

360 Irish Election, Old
Difficulties overcome,

280 Languages, the Learned
Divorces in America,

32 | Leeches,

Page
155 Literary Curiosity,

56 Literature under the Stuarts,
104 Logan, Laird of
392 Lopez the Carlist,
143 Lorrequer, Scraps from
288 Lost Days,
144 Love,
109 Malibran, Anecdote of
141 Macaire and the Dog,
16 Marriages, Early
24 Medicines, Careless Use of
48 Middleton, Maxims of
288 Milk as Diet,
200 Mind Diseased,
384 Mississippi,
232 Modern Travelling,

40 Musical Miss,
384 Music to a Maniac,
183 Names,
304 Naturalist, Enthusiastic
120 Negroes, Emancipated

56 Neighbour, my
304 Nettle, Sting of the

8 Nitric Acid in Rain Water,
256 Novel-spinning,
372 Oddities of Great Men,
311 Odds and Ends,
384 Officials, Treasury
352 Paint, Injury from Black
320 Papers for Rooms,
263 Paradise Lost, Sale of
112 Parks-Fields,
320 Pawnee Indians,

72 Pictures, Manufactured
372 Pigs, Management of

88 Pleasures, Barbarous
336 Pleasures, Beauty of Simple
224 Poisons, Antidotes for
384 Political Controversy,
141 Poor Man, the
165 Portuguese Politeness,
262 Prisoners, Singular
320 Prophet of 1770,
232 Quebec and Montreal,
88 Rab Hamilton, Daft
256 Railways, Misconception of

Page

Page
288 Rain-Water,

24
320 Recovery of Property,

352
320 Relic, Literary

392
108 Road-Making,

288
96 Roses, the two

224
16 Russian George,

108
416 Sailor, Unfortunate

215
112 Salmon-Fishing,

16
88 Saxon Words,

128
208 Scarabæus, the

109
32 Sea-sickness, Cure of

232
192 Scholars, Clever,

296
360 Shark-killing,

120
72 Sherman, Roger

410
240 Silence, Value of keeping

135
288 Slave Traffic, Eastern

40
32 Somerville, Mrs

272
384 Speaking and Writing,

208
308 Speech, Fluency of

352
325 Squinting, Cure of

276
196 Steam, Discovery of

288
23 Steam-Engine Moved,

64
416 Story of Old Wife,

20
24 Superstition,

14L
144 Swift, Story of Dean

224
165 Tailors—How to keep them honest, 120
296 Tea, Benefit of

152
72 Tell Outdone,

240
264 Thieves' Soothsayer,

358
336 Three Bad Habits,

24
392 Tit for Tat,

320
208 Toronto,

232
16 Traveller below Ground,

38
48 Traveller Nonplussed,

320
328 Travelling in America,

24
320 Treasury Officials,

72
152 Trifles, Great Events from

200
368 Tropical Delights,

39
304 Unawares, Taken

208
296 Unfortunate Author,

16
304 | War,

168
336 War and Peace,

312
152 Weather Predictions,

304
208 Wellington and M‘Donald, 144
320 | Wine at Dinner,

309
296 Yankee Perseverance,

240

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CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “CHAMBERS’S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

PRINTED BY BRADBURY AND EXANS, WHITEPRIARS, LONDOX.

NUMBER 417.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1840.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

NATIONAL DESPONDENCY.

too readily the means of lavish expenditure, and for -the impending avalanche that was to overwhelm us, It seems that mankind are for ever destined to live beginning wars oftener, and continuing them longer, was, however, always the debt, concerning which dire under the nightmare of some alarming apprehension. than would have been the case had the authors of infliction, Samuel Hannay, Esq., in 1756, reasons and The ancients were kept on the alert by ominous prog

such afflictions been obliged to find immediately the concludes as under:-“It has been a generally received nostications, derived from the entrails of beasts, from means of defraying the current cost of their follies. notion among political arithmeticians, that we may the flights of birds, or the equivocal responses of the Leaving the consideration of these consequences, it is, increase our national debt to one hundred millions ; but nymph Egeria and the Delphic oracle. A fear of lowever, amusing to revert to some of the mistaken they acknowledge that it must then cease by the debtor ghosts, witches, and apparitions, and a belief in the prophesyings of national ruin by the last generation. becoming bankrupt. But it is very difficult to commagic power of fairies, Pucks, charms, and incanta- They will show that some very eminent writers of the prehend if we do not stop at seventy-five millions, where tions, were the penalties paid for ignorance by our preceding century were as little prescient of the we shall stop.”—A Journal of Eight Days, 4to, p. 218. more immediate ancestors. In the present day, the strength and resources of this empire, as Mr Murphy Mr Hume, who was cautious, and exempt from gloom prevailing bugbear seems a dread of poverty, either and other almanack-makers are about the future state and rashness, observes, that the first instance of a individual or national. At every interval of three, of the weather.

debt contracted upon parliamentary security, occurred four, or five years, the community is plunged in the Here is an extract from the celebrated Dr Dave

in the reign of Henry VI. The commencement, he greatest tribulation from the number of bankruptcies nant :—“ Unloss this can be compassed (reducing the continues, “ of this pernicious practice deserves to be and general mercantile stagnation ; pecuniary ruin public retenue to L.2,300,000 per annum), it will be noted ; a practice the more likely to become pernicious, stares every one in the face; innumerable pamphlets found that in no long course of time we shall languish the more a nation advances in opulence and credit. and periodical essays are shot forth, explaining the and decay every year, by steps easy enough to be per

The ruinous effects of it are now become apparent, causes and remedies of existing disasters; and then, ceived by such as consider of these matters. Our gold and threaten

the very existence of the nation.”—History after the gloom and controversy have continued for a

and silver will be carried off by degrees, rents will fall, of England, 8vo. edit. 1778, iii, 215. while, the nation, from some imperceptible causes, the purchase of land will decrease, wool will sink in His illustrious contemporary appears to have caught emerges from its difficulties, the banks resume pay price, our stock of shipping will be diminished, farm- a gleam of hope from past experience, but evidently ments in specie, all the mills and factories are working houses will go to ruin, industry will decay, and we labours under fearful misgivings for the future :full time, the wharfs and docks are crowded with shall have upon us all the visible marks of a declining “ Great Britain,” says Dr Smith,“ seems to support merchandise, exports and imports increase enormously, people." -An Essay on the Balance of Trade, printed with ease a burden which half a century ago nobody and, in short, every thing is joyous, hearty, and pro- in 1699.

believed her capable of supporting. Let us not, howgressive“ Richard is himself again !"

Another writer opens eleven years later with the ever, upon this account, conclude that she is capable These alternations of commercial prosperity and almost to the cery brink of destruction ? Our treasures following alarming interrogatory :-“ Are we not driten of supporting any burden ; nor even be too confident

that she could support without great distress a burden depression form a remarkable feature of modern times.

are riotously wasted, our constitution in danger of a little greater than that which has been laid upon her.” Revulsions in trade are nearly as punctual, though being subverted, and the nation almost in general

-Wealth of Nations, ii. 363. not quite so frequent in their advent, as spring and corrupted.”—Printed in 1710.

Another trump or two only remain to be sounded autuinn; and there is little doubt that their periodi

Next follows a chapter of lamentations from the on this painful subject. Pending hostilities with cal return is governed by fixed laws, as well as the Craftsman (No. 502, February 14, 1736) :– The vast America, the ingenious Dr Price observes,“ We aro movements of the heavenly bodies. Like the plague, load of debt under which the nation still groans, is now involved in another war, and the public debts aro the sweating sickness, and cholera morbus, formerly, the true source of all those calamities and gloomy increasing again fast; the present year (1777) must they occur at regular intervals, sweeping off their prospects of which we have so much reason to com- make another great addition to them, and what they millions, not of human beings, but of sovereigns, and plain. To this has been owing that multiplicity of will be at the end of these troubles no one can tell

. learing woful blanks in our ledgers, that require years burdensome taxes, which have more than doubled the The union of a foreign wa to the present civil war of anxiety and patient toil to fill up. They are the price of the common necessaries of life within a few might perhaps raise them to two hundred millions, but fevers of commerce, mostly brought on by the intem

years past ; and thereby distressed the poor labourer more probably it would sink them to nothing."-Addiperance of enterprise and speculatron; and as the researchea of medical science have lessened both the rent, and put even gentlemen of plentiful estates and manufacturer, disabled the farmer to pay his tional Observations, &c., third edition, p. 148.

The following is the funeral knell of this unhappy frequency and intensity of epidemic maladies, there is

under the greatest difficulties to make a tolerable kingdom, and all that remains is to call in the underno reason why our sages in political economy may not provision for their families. From this have proceeded taker :-“ If the premises are just, or nearly just, and render a similar servico to traffic, by explaining the those infinite swarms of locusts and caterpillars in office, nothing effectual is done to prevent their consequencauses which influence the fluctuations of the mercantile cycle.

who not only prey on the vitals of industry, but renderces, the infallible, the inevitable conclusion that follows The vicissitudes of trade form only one of the many

even our liberties precarious and dependent on the is, that the nation is a BANKRUPT, and that those who

will of those who have the sole nomination and direc- have trusted their all to the public faith are in very sources of those fits of despondency that have been tion of them."

imminent danger of becoming (I die pronouncing it) wont to overshadow the realm. No lady or gentleman A brilliant paraphrase of the above passage ap- BEGGARS."—An Argument to consider the State of has been so frequently ruined and undone as poor Old peared some years since in the Edinburgh Review; the Nation. By John Earl of Stair. 1783, England. How many inquests have been held over it ran through the newspapers, was printed on cards This is sixty years since, and how awfully solemn her remains by political soothsayers during the last for effective circulation, lithographed, and surmounted the noble earl’s valedictory ejaculation ! In death, century! Yet somehow or other she has always with the head of Mr Brougham, to whom common truth and a veracious second sight are usually expected, risen again in her might, to tower majestically onward fame imputed the honour of its invention :-“For my and John Earl of Stair dies exclaiming more than half ir her prosperous course, like the Great Western part, I do not know of one necessary of life upon which a century ago, that if his premises be just, we are in across the Atlantic ; or rather she has been like the

we have not some tax or another, except water ; and very imminent danger of becoming beggars. patient supposed to be in the last stage of existence,

we can put no ingredient I know of into water, in These excerpts are enough to inculcate caution in and who, while the physicians were gravely debating order to make it palatable and cheerful, without paying political prophesyings. It savours of presumption in about the symptoms of her malady, rose up and deli- a tax. We pay a tax for air, and for the light and the wiscst attempting to predicate the fate of a nation. berately walked out of the apartment.

heat of the sun in the day-time, by means of our tax The most perspicuous are often baffled in their antiAlmost ever since the Revolution of 1688, the in- on windows ; and for the light and heat in the night-cipations on the fortune of individuals, but how much crease of the national debt has formed a constant time by means of our duties on coals and candles ; we more are they likely to be at fault in endeavouring to theme of lugubrious forebodings. One now laughs at pay a tax upon bread, meat, roots, and herbs, of all trammel up the issues of a community! It is a vast the ominous predictions and calculations of Davenant, kinds, by means of our salt duty; we pay a tax upon and complicated question, into the calculation of which Stewart, Hume, Price, and other writers of the last small beer by means of the malt tax ; and a heavy the ablest arithmeticians can never bring all the elecentury. It is not, however

, intended to underrate additional tax on strong beer by way of excise. Nay, ments essential to infallible conclusions. A nation is the ruinous tendencies of governments anticipating we cannot have any clean thing to put on our backs, a giant of vast proportions, whose limbs and sinews, their resources by laying the burden on posterity. either of woollen or linen, without paying a tax by faculties and resources, can hardly ever be wholly Recklessly incurring debt is a pernicious practice, means of the duty on soap, &c.”—Torbuck's Debates, comprehended. It is centuries in growing to matueither in individuals or nations. In the latter, it is xv. 209.

rity, and often as long in decaying, an among the greatest of public calamities, by affording The most portentous sign in the air—the fiery cross heavy blows are necessary before life is extinct. Take

Vol. IX. No. 1.

many and

from grave

SIR WALTER SCOTT.

BY A, OPIE.

HARRIET COUNTESS OF ROSSLYN.

ing off the head is not enough. Governments may | wards appeared, he was writing the Lay, and she told his varied converse, and heard him go change often ; commerce, trade, industrial pursuits, the bard that, as her lord was a St Clair, he ought to to gay, frem lively to severe,” I could scarcely forbear

write a ballad or a tale about the St Clairs who were and manners, may alter ; but the nation, or what really buried in the clapel, adding, that Rosabcl was one of called) ;“you are indeed the man !".

to exclaim, “ you are the great anknown (as he was constitutes the nation, its people, morals, religion, the family names. The very next evening (as I think It was the last time I ever saw him, and the first usages, spirit, and municipal polity, still live under Sir Walter led her into one of the oriel windows, and also, according to the idea of him who said on the innew dynasties. It is pride unbearable to arrogate the to her delighted surprise read to her the exquisite troduction of a stranger, « Speak ! that I may see gift of foresight, to assume a prescience of the phases, ballad in question, “ for which,” said she smiling, the thee !" for as the face of Walter Scott, when speaking progress, and destiny of empires. History is replete world is indebted to me." When Lady Rosslyn bade and animated, and the same face in a quiescent state,

me farewell before she quitted Southhill, she kindly were two different things, I might say, with some with examples of the fatuity of mal-assumptions, as reminded me that she had heard me express a wish to truth, that when we met at Sir George Ph—'s, I saw the vicissitudes of Europe during the last fifty years visit Edinburgh and Roslin, adding, “ I sincerely hope him for the first time. abundantly testify. To compare the actual results that, whenever you do come to Roslin, I may be there

I went to Edinburgh in the autumn of that year, of her revolutions with the hopes and anticipations of to show you all its beauties."

and if I had then never seen Sir Walter Scott, I the acutest contemporary intellects, is quite enough Roslin, but she was in her grave !

Ten years after, that is, in the year 1816, I did visit slould have found means to be introduced to him at

In that ever his own house ; but as to put an end to all speculation about a moral, re

beautiful, though dilapidated chapel
, I stood on the the acquaintance of distinguished persons, as my

time

never like to force myself on ligious, or political futurity.

stone which covered her remains! Yes ; that still The use of the foregoing retrospection is to show young, and fair, and beloved being, was already joined Sir Walter's society so very recently, I was contented the vanity of political dreaming, and the unreason- in death to the lordly line of proud St Clair!” and with seeing the tops of his chimnies and the roof of his ableness of despondency.

The future must always I had come too late to see her in her castle ! But I house as 1 passed it on my road to the beautiful city. lie hid below the horizon, and if it rises charged interesting tribute to her merit. I, very stupidly; not even begun. He did not visit Edinburgh during

He then lived near Gala water, and Abbotsford was with public calamities, they will doubtless be accom

asked her if she knew Lady Rosslyn. “ Knew her." panied with their appropriate remedies and allevia- she replied almost contemptuously, “ to be sure I did, the pleasure of sitting opposite his picture by Raeburn

the nine days of my happy residence there ; but I had tions. Our business is not with it, but with our own and mony others knew her too; and there were as

every times and our own evils, which we feel and can best mony tears shed at her death as would have washed I was. Eagerly did I tell every one who would listen

out a shirt or a sack." comprehend, leaving posterity to grapple with theirs,

to me of my meeting him in London ; but I was moras they will be better enabled to do than we can, have though a simple, a touching and enviable eulogy.

I turned away with a quivering lip, for it was, tified, when, on my praising the beauty of his counteing the benefit of our experience for guidance.

nance while under strong excitement, and the fire of his

blue-grey eye, Dr Brown, the celebrated professor of In the year 1816, I was invited to meet this celebrated moral philosophy, interrupted me with, * Nay, nay; RECOLLECTIONS OF AN AUTHORESS. but then untitled man, at breakfast, at the house of Sir do not go on with these flights of fancy; the face is

George Ph—, in Mount Street. I had met him only a roast beef and plum-pudding face, say what several times before, but had never had an opportunity you will!”. Probably that loved and lamented man

of conversing with him. I therefore looked forward (Dr Brown), cut off in the prime of his life and " I, too, have recollections of this lovely and fascinat- to this visit with unusual pleasure, taking care to

talents, said this merely to bring me down from my ing woman," said I to myself, while reading the men- arrive in Mount Street precisely at the time specified. romantic exaltation on this subject ; but whatever Sir tion made of Lady Rosslyn in the interesting memoirs Sir Walter, however, was there before me ; and for Walter Scott's face was, would I had had the plea

sure of seeing it again ! of Sir Walter Scott. And here they are :

some time, to my great satisfaction, no other guests

came to interrupt the flow of conversation from the In the summer of 1806, my husband and myself, eloquent man's lips, who seemed to me to talk not accompanied by Wilkie, now Sir David Wilkie, went with any view of display, but merely because his mind

MR BRUCE'S REPORT ON ASSAM TEA. on a visit to Southhill, the seat of our highly valued

was full, and he could not help it. I know not what | The difficulty of carrying on dealings with China, friends Samuel Whitbread and Lady Elizabeth Whit- led to the subject, but he gave us a most, animated which seems to be always increasing, has of late years bread.

I think the person was a militia officer, but that is led to an anxious discussion of the possibility of obAs I went to the chamber allotted to us, I saw in immaterial ; suffice, that whoever he was, he seemed taining tea from a different source. A kindred plant, the long gallery or corridor leading to it, a nurse-maid to live before us, as the narrator described his terrors used as a tea in Paraguay, has been pointed out to and two children, and concluding that one of the when he found himself going full gallop, up and down the attention of British speculators ; and of this latter was the youngest child of the family, I addressed crags, steeps, and declivities, of which he had before article, it will be recollected, we lately gave an her by her supposed name. “ You are mistaken, madam,” replied the nurse ; “ this is Lady Janet Sinclair, which he gave this narration, but I know that it was

I cannot pretend to do justice to the spirit with account from the writings of a great variety of tra

vellers. It must be generally known that a proand this young gentleman is Lord Loughborough.” At so delightful to listen to him, that I congratulated spect has also arisen of obtaining the ordinary tea this last information I was seized with an almost irre- myself on our superiority in punctuality to the other from an Asiatic soil, near to, but independent of, sistible desire to laugh, for, when very young, I had guests. At length, however, the rest of the company China. În 1834, a committee was formed at Calcutta,

arrived. I think we were in all two-and-twenty, and gone into the assizo court at N-, where Lord Sir Walter Scott, to my great joy, was desired to hand for the purpose of promoting the culture of the teaLoughborough was sitting as judge, and his peculiarly me down stairs ; 'consequently I sat by him at table

. plant in British India, and steps were immediately bright eyes shining from und or the judge's wig over a On my other hand was a young clergyman, who had taken for introducing seeds and plants from China. nose like a parrot's beak, bad made an indelible im- lately published a prize poem. *

Before these were procured, it became known that the pression on my memory; and now I beheld before me As the company was so large, there could not bemuch tea-plant grew naturally in Assam, a large region five Lord Loughborough of three years old, the great general conversation, which

was a subject for regret, hundred miles to the north of Calcutta, situated on nephew of the judge, in all the bloom of childish who came late, was one of the guests ; but I own that the great Bramah-pootra river, and, though not subject beauty. I had no leisure for regrets, as I was enjoying an

to the East India Company, yet under British influThe con ast was indeed ludicrous, but the rencontre opportunity which never might be mine again--that ence. Mr C. A. Bruce (who, it appears, made this was welcome, because, as the children of Lady Rosslyn of being able, owing to the size of the party, to keep discovery fourteen years ago) was immediately apwere at Southhill, no doubt she was there herself , ject succeeded another from his lips; and as he conde pointed by the committee to survey the district

, and and I should at length see and know this much ad- scended to mention one of my productions to me, telling report on its capabilities of producing the plant, under mired woman. When we met, I was at first rather me I had made him shed many tears, I felt emboldened culture. A report from Mr Bruce, dated at Jaipore, disappointed in her beauty, but there was a charm in to refer to his own writings, and I asked him why, with June 10th, 1839, has just reached this courtry, and, her manner and conversation which soon won my such evident powers to produce dramatic effect, he had having been favoured with an early copy of it, we regard.

never written a tragedy? He replied that several propose making our readers acquainted with some of

reasons had prevented him from coming forward as a Our dear host drove us out together more than dramatic writer. Amongst others, he was, he said, a

the principal facts which it presents. once in his phaeton, and as we could not conveniently proud man, and his pride would have made him unable The districts of Muttock and Singpho, to which have the pleasure of conversing with him, we were

to dance attendance on managers, or consult the varied | Mr Bruce's inquiries have as yet been confined, lie obliged to converse with one another; consequently,

tastes of actors, and others, or words to that effect. between the 26th and 28th degrees of north latitude,

But lie owned that he had once serious thoughts of we did not long remain on distant terms. We visited writing a tragedy, on the same subject as that which and the 94th and 96th degrees of east longitude, a the new jail at Bedford, in which we found but one had been already so ably treated by his friend Joanna situation corresponding, in one important respect, to inmate, a man, of whom we bought some pincushions, Baillie-namely, “ The Family Logend,” founded on the best tea-districts in China, which lie between the the fruits of his industry and his solitude. We drove a true story—that of a lady having been exposed by 27th and 31st parallels. It is a country, with respect also to some gentlemen's seats in the neighbourhood. her husband on a rock in the sound of fully

and left to agriculture and social institutions, in a very deploAt one of these, where our host left us while he had a mock funeral for her. Sir Walter Scott' said rable state ; the people are of migratory habits, and transacted some business, Lady Rosslyn asked the that if he had written on this legend, he should have dreadfully addicted to opium. It is amidst the widewoman into whose care the house had been left, and had no loce in his drama. His hero should have been spread natural woods or jungles which cover a large who was then basting a leg of mutton, to fetch her a the uncle of the heroine ; "a sort of misanthrope, with portion of the country, and under favour of their shade, draught of new milk. Accordingly she laid down the only one affection in his heart-love for his niece, that Mr Bruce has found the tea-plant growing. It basting-spoon, and eagerly ran to get it. like one solitary gleam of sunshine gilding the dark

generally grows in tracts, a few hundred yards in expity it would be,” said the considerate Lady Rosslyn, tower of some ruined and lonely dwelling!" “ if the mutton should burn while the good woman is

Never can I forget the fine expression of his lifted tent, with occasional trees forming a sort of connection

eye as he uttered this! The whole face became ele- between one tract and another. Mr Bruce has now employed in my service! I will baste the meat till vated in its character

, and even the features

acquired found a hundred and twenty such tracts. They are she returns.” So said, so done—and the graceful dignity and grace from the power of genius ! countess, seizing the ladle, commenced operations. “ Well,” cried I. admiring her benevolent care, morning been favoured with specimens of his tro man

How fortunate did I consider myself in having this all on plains. The following extract will afford some

idea of his procedure in searching for tea-tracts :“ among the pleasing and curious siglits of this morn- nuri, if I may so express myself, as exhibited in his “ Last year, in going over one of the hills behind ing I shall number that of sceing Harriet Countess acknowledged and unacknowledged writings !—for so Jaipore, about 300 feet high, I came upon a tea-tract, of Rosslyn basting a leg of mutton !"

convinced was I that he wrote the popular prose as which must have been two or three miles in lengthThat evening, while talking over the beauties of well as the admired poems, that, while I listened to the Lay of the Last Minstrel with Lady Elizabeth,

in fact I did not see the end of it; the trees were in Lady Rosslyn told us that the ballad of Rosabel was

most parts as thick as they could grow, and the tea

* I allude to Edward Smedley, who was taken away not long written at her instigation. She said that Sir Walter Scott was staying at Roslin, while, as it after-/ usefulness, universally loved, honoured, and lamented. ago from his wife and family, in the prime of his life and his seeds (smaller than what I had seen before), fine and

fresh, literally covered the ground: this was in the

What a

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