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When they were returned out of the garden from the bath, the Interpreter took them and looked upon them, and said unto them, “Fair as the moon.” Then he called for the seal wherewith they used to be sealed that are washed in his bath. - So the seal was brought; and he set his mark upon them, that they might be known in the places whither they were yet to go. (Now the seal was the contents and sum of the passover, which the children of Israel did eat; Exod. xii. 8, 9, 10; when they came out of the land of Egypt.) And the mark was set between their eyes. This seal greatly added to their beauty; for it was an ornament to their faces : it also added to their gravity, and made their countenances more like them of angels."
Then said the Interpreter again to the damsel that waited upon the women, “Go into the vestry, and fetch out garments for these people." So she went and fetched out white raiment, and laid it down before him: so he commanded them to put it on. It was fine linen; white and clean.When the women were thus adorned, they seemed to be a terror one to the other; for that they could not see that glory each one in herself, which they could see in each other. Now therefore they began'to esteem each other better than themselves.'* For, “You are fairer than I am," said one: and, “ You are more comely than I am," said another. The children also stood amazed to see into what fashion they were brought.
The Interpreter then called for a man-servant of his, one Great-Heart; and bade him take sword, and helmet, and shield; “and take these my daughters, (said he,) conduct them to the house called Beautiful; at which place they will rest next." So he took his weapons and went before them; and the Interpreter said, 'God speed!' Those also that belonged to the family, sent them away with many a good wish. So they went on their way, and sang;
This place has been our second stage;
Here we have heard, and seen
To others hid have been.
The chickens too, to me,
Conformed to it be.
The robin and his bait,
Me argument of weight; * This is a sample of true humility, recommended by the Apostle.Philipp. ii. 3.
To move me for to watch and pray,
y, To striye to be sincere;
Now I saw in my dream, that those went on, and GreatHeart before them;. so they went and came to the place where Christian's burthen fell off his back, and tumbled into a sepulchre. Here then they made a pause; here also they blessed God. “Now (said Christiana) it comes to my mind what was said to us at the gate; to wit, That we should have pardon by word and deed: By word; that is, by the promise: By deed; to wit, in the way it was ob
ed. What the promise is, of that I know something: but what it is to have pardon by deed, or in the way that it was obtained, Mr. Great-Heart, I suppose you know; which, if you please, let us hear you discourse thereof.
Great-Heart. Pardon by the deed done, is pardon obtained, by some one for another that hath need thereof: not by the person pardoned, but in the way (saith another,) in which I have obtained it. So then, to speak to the question more at large, the pardon that you, and Mercy, and these boys, have attained, is by another; to wit, by him that let you in at that gate: and he hath obtained it in this double way: He hath performed righteousness to cover you, and spilt blood to wash you in. . Christiana. But if he parts with his righteousness to us, what will he have for himself?
Great-Heart. He has more righteousness than you have need of, or than he needeth himself.
Christiana. Pray, make that appear. Great-Heart. With all my heart: but first I must premise, that He of whom we are now about to speak, is One, that hath not his fellow. He has two natures in one person, plain to be distinguished, impossible to be divided. Unto each of these natures a righteousness belongeth; and each righteousness is essential to that nature: so that one may as easily cause the natures to be extinct, as to separate its justice or righteousness from it. Of these righteousnesses, therefore, we are not made partakers, so as that they, or any of them, should be put upon us, that we might be made just, and live thereby. Besides these, there is a righteousness which this person has, as these two natures are joined in one. And this is not the righteousness of the Godhead, as distinguished from the Manhood; nor the righteousness
of the Manhood, as distinguished from the Godhead; but a - righteousness which standeth in the union of both natures;
and may properly be called the righteousness that is essen
tial to his being prepared of God to the capacity of the Mediatory office, which he was intrusted with. If he parts with his first righteousness, he parts with his Godhead; if he part with his second righteousness, he parts with the purity of his Manhood; if he parts with his third, he parts with that perfection which capacitates him to the office of Mediation. He has therefore another righteousness which standeth in performance, or obedience to a revealed will; and that is that he puts upon sinners, and that by which their sins are covered. Wherefore he saith, “ As by one man's disobedience, many were made sinners; so by the obedience of One shall many be made righteous.' Rom. v. 19.
Christiana. But are the other righteousnesses of no use to us?
Great-Heart. Yes; for, though they are essential to his natures and offices, and cannot be communicated unto another; yet it is hy virtue of them that the righteousness that justifies, is for that purpose efficacious. The righteousness of his Godhead gives virtue to his obedience; the righteousness of his Manhood giyeth capability to his obedience to justify; and the righteousness that standeth in the union of these two natures to his office, giveth authority to that righteousness to do the work for which it was ordained. So then here is a righteousness that CHRIST, as God, has no need of: for he is God without it: here is a righteousness, that CHRIST, as a man, has no need of to make him so; for he is a perfect man without it. Again, here is a righteousness, that CHRIST, as God-Man, has no need of; for he is perfectly so without it. Here then is a righteousness, that CHRIST, as God, and as God-Man, has no need of, with reference to himself; and therefore he can spare iti a justifying righteousness, that he for himself wanteth not;, and therefore giveth it away. Hence it is called the gift of Righteousness. The righteousness, since Christ Jesus the Lord has made himself under the Law. must be given away: for the Law doth not only bind him that is under it, to do justly, but to use charity. Wherefore he must, or ought, by the Law, if he hath two coats, to give one to him that hath none. Now our Lord indeed hath two coats; one for himself, and one to spare: wherefore he freely bestows one upon those that have none. And thus, Christiana and Mercy, and the rest of you that are here, doth your pardon come by deed, or by the work of another Man. Your Lord Christ is he that worked, and hath given away what he wrought for, to the next poor beggar he meets.-But again, in order to pardon by deed, there must something be paid to God as a price, as well as something prepared to cover us 'withal. Sin has delivered us up to the just course of a righteous law : now from this course we must be justified by way of redemption, a price being paid for the harms we have done; and this is by the blood of your Lord, who came and stood in your place and stead, and died your death for your transgressions. Thus has he ransomed you from your transgressions, by blood, and covered your polluted and deformed souls with righteousness. Rom. viii. 34. For the sake of which, God passeth by you, and will not hurt you, when he comes to judge the world. Gal. iii. 13.
Christiana. This is brave. Now I see that there was something to be learned by our being pardoned by word and deed. Good Mercy, let us labor to keep this in mind; and, my children, do you remember it also. But, sir, was not this it that made my good Christian's burthen fall from off his shoulder, and that made him give three leaps for joy?
Great-Heart. Yes, it was the belief of this that cut those strings that could not be cut off by other means; and it was to give him a proof of the virtue of this, that he was suffered to carry his burthen to the cross.
Christiana. I thought so: for, though my heart was lightsome and joyous before; yet it is ten times more lightsome and joyous now. And I am persuaded by what I have felt, (though I have felt but little as yet,) that if the most burthened man in the world was here, and did see and believe as I now do, it would make his heart the more merry and blithe..
Great-Heart. There is not only comfort, and the ease of a burthen brought to us, by the sight and consideration of these; but an endeared affection bégot in us by it: but who can (if he doth but once think that pardon comes not only by promise, but thus,) but be affected with the way and means of Redemption, and so with the Man that hath wrought it for him?
Christiana. True; methinks it makes my heart bleed to think that He should bleed for me! O thou Loving-one! O thou Blessed-one! Thou deservest to havé me; thou hast bought me; thou deservest to have me all; thou hast paid for me ten thousand times more than I am worth. No marvel that this made the water stand in my husband's eyes, and that it made him trudge so nimbly on !* I am persuaded he wished me with him; but, vile wretch that I was ! I let him come all alone. Oh, Mercy, that thy father and mother were here! yea, and Mrs. Timorous also! Nay, I wish now with all my heart that here was Madam Wanton
* Part I. p. 25.
too. Surely, surely, their hearts would be affected; nor could the fear of the one, nor the powerful lusts of the other, prevail with them to go home again and refuse to become good pilgrims.
Great-Heart. You speak now in the warmth of your affections: will it, think you, be always thus with you? Besides, this is not communicated to every one, nor to every one that did see your Jesus bleed. There were that stood by, and that saw the blood run from the heart to the ground, and yet were so far off this, that instead of lamenting, they laughed at him; and, instead of becoming his disciples, did harden their hearts against him.* So that all that you have, my daughters, you have, by peculiar impression, made by a divine contemplating upon what I have spoken to you. Remember, that it was told you, that the hen, by her common call, gives no meat to her chickens: this you have therefore by a special grace...
Now I saw still in my dream, that they went on until they were come to the place that Simple, and Sloth, and Presumption, lay and slept in when Christian went by, on pilgrimage: and behold, they were hanged up in irons, a little way off on the other side.
Then said Mercy to him that was their guide and conductor, “What are these three men ? and for what are they hanged there?"
Great-Heart. These three men were men of bad qualities; they had no mind to be pilgrims themselves, and whomsoever they could they hindered; they were for sloth and folly themselves; and whomsoever they could persuade they made so too; and withal taught them to presume that they should do well at last. They were asleep when Christian went by; and now you go by, they are hanged.
Mercy. But could they persuade any one to be of their opinion?
Great-Heart. Yes, they turned several out of the way. There was Slow-pace that they persuaded to do as they. They also prevailed with one Short-wind; with one Noheart; with one Linger-after-lust; and with one Sleepyhead: and with a young woman, her name was Dull; to turn out of the way, and become as they. Besides, they brought up an ill report of your Lord, persuading others that he was a hard task-master. They also brought up an evil report of the good land; saying, it was not half so good as some pretended it was. They also began to vilify his servants, and to count the best of them meddlesome, trou
* Note.-It is a special thing to be affected with Christ, and with what he has done.