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those that are the children of life; though their sound, by their talk, be as it were the tongue or voice of an angel.
Faithful. Well, I was not fond of his company at first; but I am sick of it now. What shall we do to be rid of him?
Christian. Take my advice, and do as I bid you; and you shall find that he will soon be sick of your company too, except God shall touch his heart and turn it.
Faithful. What would you have me to do?
Christian. Why, go to him, and enter into some serious discourse about the power of Religion; and ask him plainly, (when he has approved of it, for that he will,) whether this thing be set up in his heart, house, or conversation!
Then Faithful stepped forward again, and said to Talkative, Come, what cheer? how is it now?
Talkative. Thank you, well; I thought we should have had a great deal of talk by this time.
Faithful. Well, if you will, we will fall to it now; and since you left it with me to state the question, let it be this: “ How doth the saving grace of God discover itself, when it is in the heart of man?”
Tallative. I perceive then that our talk must be about the power of things. Well, it is a very good question, and I shall be willing to answer you. And take my answer in brief thus: First, Where the grace of God is in the heart, it causeth there a great outcry against sin. Secondly,
Faithful. Nay, hold, let us consider of one at once. I think you should rather say, it shows itself, by inclining the soul to abhor its sin. ...
Talkative. Why, what difference is there between crying out against, and abhorring of sin ?
Faithful. Oh! a great deal:* a man may cry out against sin, of policy; but he cannot abhor it but by virtue of a godly antipathy against it. I have heard many cry out against sin in the pulpit, who yet can abide it well enough in the heart, house, and conversation. Joseph's mistress cried out with a loud voice,t as if she had been very holy; but she would willingly, notwithstanding that, have committed uncleanness with him. Some cry out against sin, even as a mother cries out against her child in her lap, when she calleth it slut' and naughty girl,' and then falls to hugging and kissing it. .
Talkative. You lie at the catch, I perceive.
Faithful. No, not I; I am only for setting things right. But what is the second thing, whereby you would prove a discovery of a work of Grace in the heart?
* Note.-The mere crying out against sin, is no sign of Grace.
Talkative. Great knowledge of gospel mysteries.
Faithful. This sign should have been first; but first, or last, it is also false: for knowledge, great* knowledge, may be obtained in the rnysteries of the gospel, and yet no work of grace in the soul. Yea, if a man have all knowledgert he may yet be nothing; and so, consequently, be no child of God. When Christ said, “Do you know all these things?" and the disciples had answered," Yes;' he added, “ Blessed are ye, if ye do them.” He doth not lay the blessings in the knowing of them, but in the doing of them. For there is a knowledge that is not attended with doing:
He that knoweth his master's will, and doeth it not :'-A man may know like an angel, and yet be no Christian : Therefore your sign of it is not true. Indeed, to know, is a thing that pleaseth talkers and boasters; but to do, is' that which pleaseth God. Not that the heart can be good without knowledge: for without that, the heart is naught. There are therefore two sorts of knowledge: knowledge that resteth in the bare speculation of things; and knowledge that is accompanied with the grace of Faith and Love; which puts a man upon doing even the will of God from the heart. The first of these will serve the talker; but without the other, the true Christian is not content- Give me understanding, and I shall keep thy law; yea, I shall observe it with my whole heart.'I Psalm cxix. 34.
Talkative. You lie at the catch again: this is not for edification.
Faithful. Well, if you please, propound another sign how this work of Grace discovereth itself where it is.
Talkative. Not I; for I see we shall not agree.
Faithful. Well, if you will not, will you give me leave to do it?
Talkative. You may use your liberty. Faithful. A work of grace in the soul discovereth itself, either to him that hath it, or to standers-by. To him that hath it, thus: It gives him conviction of sin, especially the defilement of his nature, and the sin of unbelief, (for the sake of which he is sure to be damned, if he findeth not mercy at God's hand.ll by faith in Jesus Christ.) This sight and sense of things worketh in him sorrow and shame for sin:The findeth, moreover, revealed in him the Saviour of the world, and the absolute necessity of closing with him for life ;** at the which he findeth hungerings and thirstings * Note.-Great knowledge is no sign of Grace.
1 Cor. xii. 2. I Remark hereon: true knowledge will be attended with endeavors. 0 John xvi. 8, 9.-Rom. vii. 24.
|| Mark vi. 19. Psalm xxxviii. 18.-Jer. xxxi. 19.
** Gal. xvi.- Acts. iv. 12
after him;" to which hungerings, &c. the promise is made. Now, according to the strength or weakness of his faith in his Saviour; so is his joy and peace, so is his love to holiness, so are his desires to know Him more, and also to serve him in this world. But though, 1 say, it discovereth itself thus unto him; yet it is but seldom that he is able to conclude that this is a work of grace, because his corruptions now, and his abused reason, make his mind to misjudge in this matter; therefore in him that hath this work, there is required a very sound judgment, before he can with steadiness conclude that this is a work of Grace. To others it is thus discovered: 1. By an experimental confes. sion of his faith in Christ.t 2. By a life answerable to that confession, to wit, a life of holiness;f heart holiness, family holiness, (if he hath a family,) and by conversation holiness in the world; which in the general teacheth him inwardly to abhor his sin, and himself for that, in secret; to suppress it in his family, and to promote holiness in the world; not by talk only, as a hypocrite or talkative person may do, but by a practical subjection in faith and love to the power of the word: And now, sir, as to this brief description of the work of Grace, and also the discovery of it, if you have aught to object, object; if not, then give me leave to propound to you a second question.
Talkative. Nay, my part is not now to object, but to hear: let me therefore have your second question.
Faithful. It is this: Do you experience this first part of the description of it? And doth your life, and conversation, testify the same? or standeth your religion in word or tongue, and not in deed and truth? Pray, if you incline to answer me in this, say no more than you know the God above will say amen to: and also nothing but what your conscience can justify you in: For not he that commendeth himself, is approved; but whom the Lord commendeth.' Besides to say, “I am thus and thus," when my conversation, and all my neighbors, tell me I lie,|| is great wickedness.
Then Talkative at first began to blush; but recovering himself, thus he replied.
Talkative. You come now to experience, to conscience, and God; and to appeal to him for justification of what is spoken. This kind of discourse I did not expect: nor am I disposed to give an answer to such questions, because I 6 count not myself bound thereto, unless you take upon you to be a catechiser ; and though you should so do, yet I may
* Matt. v. 6.-Rev. xxi. 6. 1 Matt. v. 6. 02 Cory 12 T Rom. x. 10.-Philip. lii. 17.
Il Job. xxiv. 25.
refuse to make you my judge. But I pray, will you tell me why you ask me such questions?
Faithful. Because I saw you forward to talk, and because I knew not that you had aught else but notion. Besides, to tell you all the truth, I have heard of you, that you are a man whose religion lies in talk, and that your conversation gives this your profession the lie. They say, you are a spot* among Christians; and that religion fareth the worse for your ungodly conversation; that some already have stumbled at your wicked ways, and that more are in danger of being destroyed thereby: your religion and an ale-house, and covetousness, and uncleanness, and swearing, and lying, and vain company-keeping, &c. will stand together. The proverb is true of you, which is said of a whore, to wit,
that she is a shame to all women;' so are you a shame to all professors.
Talkative. Since you are ready to take up report, and to judge so ráshly as you do; I cannot but conclude you are some pèevish or melancholy man, not fit to be discoursed with; and so adieu.
Then came up Christian, and said to his brother, “ I told you how it would happen; your words and his lusts could not agree : he had rather leave your company than reform his life; but he is gone, as I said ; let him go, the loss is no man's but his own; for, he continuing (as I suppose he will do) as he is, he would have been but a blot in our pany: besides, the apostlet says, “ from such withdraw thy
Faithful. But I am glad we had this little discourse with him ; it may happen that he will think of it again : however I have dealt plainly with him, and so am clear of his blood, if he perisheth.
Christian. You did well to talk so plainly to him as you did; there is but little of this faithful dealing with men now-a-days, and that makes religion to stink so in the nostrils of many, as it doth: for they are these talkative fools, whose religion is only in word, and are debauched and vain in their conversation; that (being so much admitted into the fellowship of the godly) do puzzle the world, blemish Christianity, and grieve the sincere. I wish that all men would deal with such, as you have done; then should they either be made more comfortable to religion, or the company of saints would be too hot for them.
Then did Faithful say;
* Jude xii.
* Paul-See 1 Tim. vi 5.
How Talkative at first lifts up his plumes !
And so will all but he that heart-work knows. Thus they went on, talking of what they had seen by the way; and so made that way easy, which would otherwise no doubt have been tedious to them: for they went through a wilderness.
Now when they were got almost quite out of this wilderness, Faithful chanced to cast his eye back, and espied one
them; and he knew him. “Oh! (said Faithful to his brother,) who comes, yonder?" Then Christian looked, and said, "It is my good friend Evangelist.” “Ay, and my good friend too (said Faithful,) for it was he that set me the way to the Gate."
Now Evangelist came up unto them, and thus saluted them: “Peace be with you, dearly beloved; and peace be your helper."
Christian. Welcome, welcome, my good Evangelist; the sight of thy countenance brings to my remembrance thy ancient kindness and unwearied labors for my eternal good.
“And a thousand times welcome, (said good Faithful;) thy company, Osweet Evangelist, how desirable is it to us poor Pilgrims!""
Then said Evangelist, “How hath it fared with you, my friends, since the time of our last parting? what have you met with; and how have you behaved yourselves?"
Then Christian and Faithful told him of all things that had happened to them in the way; and how, and with what difficulty, they had arrived to that place.
" Right glad am I, (said Evangelist ;) not that you have met with trials, but that you have been victors, and for that you have, notwithstanding many weaknesses, continued in the way to this very day--I say, Right glad am I of this thing, and that for mine own sake and yours: I have sowed, and you have reaped; and the day is coming, when both he that sowed, and they that reap, shall rejoice together;* that is, if you hold out, for in due time ye shall reap, if you faint not.t The crown is before you, and it is an incorruptible 1 one; so run, that you may obtain it. I Some there be that set out for this crown, and, after they have gone far for it, another comes in and takes it from them: Hold fast therefore that you have; let no man take your crown;f you are I
* John iv. 36. Gal. vi. 9. 1 Cor. ix. 24. 27. Dec. 111. 11.