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get thereby : but if things are thus cast upon me, let me count them a blessing; but let not the malicious load me therefore with reproach.

Christian. I thought, indeed, that you were the man that I heard of; and, to tell you what I think, I fear this name belongs to you more properly than you are willing we should think it doth.

By-ends. Well, if you will thus imagine, I can not help it; you will find me a fair company-keeper, if you will still admit me your associate.

Christian. If you will go with us, you must go against wind and tide; the which, I perceive, is against your opinion: you must also own Religion in his rags as well as when in his silver slippers; and stand by him too when bound in irons, as well as when he walketh the streets with applause.

By-ends. You must not impose, nor lord it over my faith; leave me to my liberty, and let me go with you.

Christian. Not a step farther, unless you will do, in what I propound, as we.

Then said By-ends, 'I shall never desert my old principles, since they are harmless and profitable. If I may not go with you, I must do as I did before you overtook me, even go by myself until some overtake me that will be glad of my company.'

Then I saw in my dream, that Christian and Hopeful forsook him, and kept their distance before him : but one of them looking back, saw three men following Mr. Byends; and behold as they came up with him, he made them a very low congee; and they also gave him a compliment. The men's names were, Mr. Hold-the-world, Mr. Moneylove, and Mr. Saveall; men that Mr. By-ends had formerly been acquainted with; for, in their minority, they were school-fellows, and taught by one Mr. Gripeman, a schoolmaster in Love-gain; which is a market-town in the county of Coveting, in the North. This shoolmaster taught them the art of getting, either by violence, cozenage, flattery, lying, or by putting on a guise of religion: and these four gentlemen had attained much of the art of their master; so that they could each of them have kept such a school themselves.

Well, when they had, as I said, thus saluted each other, Mr. Money-love said to Mr. By-ends, “ Who are they upon the road before us?” (for Christian and Hopeful were yet within view.)

By-ends. They are a couple of far countrymen, that, after their mode, are going on pilgrimage.

Money-love. Alas! why did they not stay, that we might have had their good company? for they, and we, and you, sir, I hope, are going on pilgrimage.

By-ends. We are so, indeed; but the men before us are so rigid, and love so much their own notions, and do also so lightly esteem the opinions of others, that, let a man be never so godly, yet if he jumps not with them in all things, they thrust him quite out of their company.

Mr. Save-all. That is bad; but we read* of some that are righteous over-much;' and such men's rigidness prevails with them to judge and condemn all but themselves; but I pray, what, and how many, were the things wherein you differed? ° By-ends. Why, they, after their headstrong manner, conclude that it is their duty to rush on their journey all weathers; and I am for waiting for wind and tide. They are for hazarding all for God at a clap; and I am for taking all advantages to secure my life and estate. They are for holding their notions, though.all other men be against them; but I am for religion, in what and so far as the times and my safety will bear it. They are for religion, when in rags and contempt; but I am for him when he walks in his silver slippers, in the sunshine, and with applause.

Mr. Hold-the-world. Ay, and hold you there still, good Mr. By-ends; for, for my part I can count him but a fool, that, having the liberty to keep what he has, shall be so unwise as to lose it. Let us be wise as serpents. It is best to make hay when the sun shines: you see how the bee lieth still all winter, and bestirs her only when she can have profit with pleasure. God sends sometimes rain and sometimes sunshine: if they be such fools to go through the first, yet let us be content to take fair weather along with us. For my part, I like that religion best, that will stand with the security of God's good blessings unto us: for who can imagine, that is ruled by his reason, since God hath bestowed upon us the good things of this life, but that he would have us keep them for his sake? Abraham and Solomon grew rich in religion. And Job says that a good man 'shall lay up gold as dust.'; But he must not be such as the men before us, if they be as you have described them.

Mr. Save-all. I think that we are all agreed in this matter; and therefore there needs no more words about it.

Mr. Money-love. No, there needs no more words about this matter, indeed: for he that believes neither Scripture

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nor reason, (and you see we have both on our side,) neither knows his own liberty nor seeks his own safety.

Mr. By-ends. My brethren, we are, as you see, going all on pilgrimage; and, for our better diversion from things that are bad, give me leave to propound unto you this question.

Suppose a man, a minister or a tradesman, &c. should have an advantage lie before him, to get the good blessings of this life; yet so as that he can by no means come by them, except, in appearance at least, he becomes extraordinary zealous in some points of religion, that he meddled not with before: may he not use this means to attain his end, and yet be a right honest man?

Mr. Money-love. I see the bottom of your question; and, with these gentlemen's good leave, I will endeavor to shape you an answer: and first, to speak to your question as it concerns a minister himself. Suppose a minister, a worthy man, possessed but of a very small benefice, and has in his eye a greater, more fat and plump by far; he has also now an opportunity of getting it, yet so as by being more studious, by preaching more frequently and zealously, and, because the temper of the people requires it, by altering of some of his principles : for my part, I see no reason but * a man may do this, (provided he has a call;) ay, and a great deal more besides ; and yet be an honest man. For why?

1. His desire of a greater benefice is lawful, (this cannot be contradicted, since it is set before him by Providence: so then he may get it if he can, making no question for conscience-sake.

2. Besides, his desire after that benefice makes him more studious, a more zealous preacher, &c.; and so makes him a better man, yea, makes him better improve his parts; which is according to the mind of God.

3. Now, as for his complying with the temper of his people, by deserting, to serve, some of his principles, this argueth, 1, that he is of a self-denying temper; 2. of a sweet and winning deportment; 3. and so more fit for the ministerial function.

4. I conclude, then, that a minister that changes a small for a great, should not, for so doing, be judged as covetous; but rather, since he is improved in his parts and industry hereby, be counted as one that pursues his call, and the opportunity put into his hands to do good.

And now to the second part of the question, which concerns the tradesman you mention: Suppose such a one to have but a poor employ in the world, but, by becoming re

ligious, he may mend his market; perhaps get a rich wife, or more and far better customers to his shop. For my part, I see no reason but this may be lawfully done. For why?

1. To become religious, is a virtue, by what means soever a man becomes so.

2. Nor is it unlawful to get a rich wife, or more custom to my shop. ,

3. Besides, the man that gets these by becoming religious, gets that which is good of them that are good, by becoming good himself: so then here is a good wife, and good customers, and good gain : and all these by becoming religious, which is good: therefore, to become religious to get all these, is a good and profitable design.

This answer, thus made by Mr. Money-love to Mr. Byends' question, was highly applauded by them all: wherefore they concluded, upon the whole, that it was most wholesome and advantageous. And because, as they thought, no man was able to contradict it; and because Christian and Hopeful were yet within call, they jointly agreed to assault them with the question, as soon as they overtook them; and the rather because they had opposed Mr. Byends before. So they called after them; and they stopt and stood still till they came up to them; but they concluded, as they went, that not Mr. By-ends, but old Mr. Hold-theworld should propound the question to them, because, as they supposed, their answer to him would be without the remainder of that heat that was kindled between Mr. Byends and them, at their parting a little before.

So they came up to each other; and after a short salutation, Mr. Hold-the-world propounded the question to Christian and his fellow, apd bade them to answer it if they could.

Then said Christian; “Even a babe in religion may answer ten thousand such questions. For, if it be unlawful to follow Christ for loaves, as it is, John vi.; how much more abominable is it to make of him and religion a stalking-horse to get and enjoy the world? Nor do we find any other than heathens, hypocrites, devils, and witches, that are of this opinion.

1. Heathens: for when Hamor and Sechem had a mind to the daughter and cattle of Jacob; and saw that there was no way for them to come at them, but by becoming circumcised, they said to their companions, 'If every male of us be circumcised, as they are circumcised; shall not their cattle, and their substance, and every beast of theirs be ours?' Their daughters and their cattle were that which they sought to obtain; and their religion the stalking-horse they made use of to come to them. Read the whole story, Gen. xxxiv. 20–23.

2. The hypocritical Pharisees were also of this religion: long prayers were their pretence; but to get widows' houses, was their intent; and greater damnation was from God their judgment. Luke xx. 46, 47.

3. Judas the devil was also of this religion; he was religious for the bag, that he might be possessed of what was therein: but he was lost, cast away, and the very son of perdition.'

4. Simon the witch was of this religion too; for he would have had the Holy Ghost, that he might have got money therewith; and his sentence from Peter's mouth was according. Acts. viii. 19–22.

5. Neither will it go out of my mind, but that that man that takes up religion for the world, will throw away religion for the world : for, so surely as Judas resigned the world in becoming religious, so surely did he also sell religion and his Master for the same. To answer the question therefore affirmatively, as I perceive you have done; and to accept of, as authentic, such an answer, is both heathenish, hypocritical, and devilish; and your reward will be according to your works." .

Then they stood staring one upon another; but had not wherewith to answer Christian. Hopeful also approved of the soundness of Christian's answer: so there was a great silence among them. Mr. By-ends and his company also staggered and kept behind, that Christian and Hopeful might outgo them. Then said Christian to his fellow; “If these men cannot stand before the sentence of men, what will they do with the sentence of God? And if they are mute when dealt with by vessels of clay, what will they do when they shall be rebuked by the flames of a devouring fire?!

Then Christian and Hopeful outwent them again; and went till they came to a delicate plain called Ease; where they went with much content: but that plain was but narrow ; so they were quickly got over it. Now, at the farther side of that plain was a little hill called Lucre, and in that hill a Silver-Mine, which some of them that had formerly gone that way, because of the rarity of it, had turned aside to see ; but, going too near the brink of the pit, the ground being deceitful under them, broke, and they were slain : some also had been maimed there, and could not, to their dying day, be their own men again.

Then I saw in my dream, that a little off the road, over against the Silver-Mine, stood Demas, (gentleman-like,) to


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