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into the height of this great argument,"

Deceinber 21. vied the saine remedy with the same sucLess, and when he became king, built a

St. Thomas, the Apostle. St. Edburge. city upon the spot—the famous city of Bath.

St. Thomas.
This apostle is in the church of England

calendar and almanacs. He is affirmed Nash.

to have travelled and promulgated chris. Beau Nash, the founder of the theatre tianity among the Parthians, Medes, at Bath, made laws to regulate when and Persians, and Carmenians, and to have where the company should assemble, and been the apostle of the Indies; where he when they should separate ; arranged the effected numerous conversions, and by tactics of the dance ; enacted the dress in

his preaching raised the indignation of the which ladies should appear; and, if they Bramins, who instigated the people against ventured to disobey, whatever was their him till they threw stones and darts at rank, turned them back. His strong sense him, and ended his life by running him aud sarcastic humour, being supported by through the body with a lance. a prevailing sense of propriety, kept offenders of this sort in awe. It has been

It is said that the body of the apostle was said that such a man in old times, would carried to the city of Edessa. On the dishave been selected for the king's fool; he covery of Malabar, by the Portuguese, they seems to have considered himself in that found there the Nestorian christians of relation to the Bath visiters, and made St. Thomas, whom they treated as heretics, use of the privilege the character allowed and held a council, which passed decrees him. He lived on the follies of mankind, for their purgation. Yet many of the and cultivated them. He gambled, and Malabarians still maintain the Nestorian his profits and his office required and doctrines and ceremonies, and refuse to enabled him to live expensively, sport a acknowledge the authority of the pope. gay equipage, and keep a large retinue. Yet he became old and helpless, and Ribadeneira pretends that on the ere lived to need that charity which he had of Christmas, in the church of St. Thomas never withheld from the needy, but which at Malabar, a stone cross commences to none extended to him. He died poor, shed blood as soon as the Jesuits begin to neglected, and miserable; and the inha- say mass, “and not before.” He says, bitants of Bath rewarded his services and

“ The holy cross also begins, by little and genius, in the usual manner; they erected little, to change its natural colour, which a statue to the honour of the man whom is white, turning into yellow, and afterthey had suffered almost to starve. wards into black, and from black into

His loss, to the assemblies was exem- azure colour, until the sacrifice of the plified in a very remarkable manner. mass being ended, it returns to its na. Two ladies of quality quarrelled in the tural colour: and that which augments ball-room. The company took part, some both admiration and devotion is, that, as on one side, some on the other: Nash the holy cross changes its colours, it diswas gone, and his successor in office did tils certain little drops of blood, and by not inherit his authority: the partizans as little and little they grow thicker, unti? well as the combatants became outrageous, they fall in so great abundance that the a real battle-royal took place, and caps, clothes with which they wipe it are dyed lappets, curls, cushions, diamond pins, with the same blood : and if any year this and pearls, strewed the floor of those miracle fail, it is held as a certain sign of rooms, wherein during Nash's time order great calamity that is to come upon them, was supreme.

as experience lias shown them.” Perhaps it is further miraculous, that in a country where there is liberty of thought

and speech, and a free press, no stone Stone Pine. Pinus Pinea.

cross will do the like. Dedicated to St. Philogonius.

ST. THOMAS'S DAY. Going a gooding on St. Thomas's day formerly prevailed in England. Women begged money, and in return presented the

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

donors with sprigs of palm and branches late to take cognizance, as an inquest, of of primroses. Mr. "Ellis says, “ this the election of the common council, and practice is still kept up in Kent, in the such inquests are consequently incompeneighbourhood of Maidstone." Mr. Brand tent upon their oaths, as inquest men, to adds, “ My servant B. Jelkes, who is return the common councilmen as having from Warwickshire, informs me that there been truly and duly elected. is a custom in that county foi the poor on It appears further, that another extraSt. Thomas's day to go with a bag to beg ordinary inroad has been made in Lon corn of the farmers, which they call going don, upon the right of the wardmote ina corning.

quests to return the jurors to serve in the

mayor's and sheriffs' courts of the city. LONDON ELECTIONS. By some by-law or order of the court of In London, on St. Thomas's day, ward- aldermen, that court claims to exercise motes are held for the election of the this most important and ancient right of inquest and common councilmen, and the wardmote inquests ; and issues a preother officers, who are annually chosen cept to the alderman of each ward, refor the service and representation of the quiring him to acquaint the inquest “ that respective wards.

they are not hereafter to intermeddle or It is a remarkable fact that the majority concern themselves in the making of the of the inhabitants, in many wards, are

said returns." This mandate is said to indifferent to these elections, and suffer be conformed to at this time by all the in their ample franchise to run to waste, like quests; so that the court of aldermen housewives who are careless of their ser- seems to have obtained the inquests to viceable water; hence important offices surrender their right to nominate the are frequently filled by persons either juries in the city courts, without a struggle. ignorant of the duties they should dis. If the proceedings of the court of alcharge, or indifferent to them, or unquali- dermen were illegal, it is clear that each fied to understand them.

alderman, in his own ward, illegally dis

possessed each inquest of its righi, and The Ward Inquests.

then, exercised their usurped power when From “An Inquiry into the Nature they met together as a court of alderand Duties of the Office of Inquest Jurymen,” by Mr. Thomas Newell, of Cripplegate Ward, published in 1825, it

ap

From the elections in each ward on. pears that the ward inquest should be this day, the citizens are all in a hurry, elected on St. Thomas's day, before the and there is much discussion at the few common councilmen are elected, inas- remaining clubs and tavern parlours in much as

“ the alderman is commanded the different parishes, concerning the quaby his precept from the lord mayor, to lifications of the respective candidates, give all the articles of the precept in All freemen, being householders, are encharge to the inquest; which they cannot titled to vote. take charge of unless they are elected first.” It is now the common practice of wardmotes, to elect the inquest last. This Sparrowwort. Erica passerina. has arisen, perhaps, from what may be Dedicated to St. Thomas, Apostle. called, in the ordinary sense of the word, the “political” importance usually attached to the election of the common

Mereinber 22. councilmen, and by this means the inquest, though foremost in power, has been St. Ischyrion, A. D. 253. Sts. Cyril and degraded in rank, and sunk into compa

Methodius, A. D. 881. rative insignificance. Withal it is to be Clark, the Miser of Dundee. observed, that the inquest, with the al

On the 22d of December, 1817, died, dermen, are the returning officers of at Dundee, aged sixty-six, Thomas Clark, the election of the common council

a labouring man, who, by dint of parsimen; that where the practice

mony and saving, had accumulated proprevails of electing the inquest last, perty to the amount of from 8001. to such inquests are in fact constituted too 10001. before his death. There are per

haps few authenticated instances of en* Gentleman's Magazine, April, 1794.

durance which this person did not volun.

men.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

SO

tarily submit to, in order to gratify his would equally answer the purpose, and ruling passion. He lived by himself, in a at much less cost. The cure going on small garret, in a filthy lane, called Tyn well, he was ordered some beef tea. The dal's Wynd.' His diet consisted of a little parting with threepence every morning to oatmeal, stirred into hot water, which he purchase half a pound of meat, was perbegged from some one or other of the fect torture, and recollecting a piece of ueighbours every morning, to save the old rusty bacon, which he had formerly expense of fuel. For many years he had picked up somewhere in his travels, he laboured under a painful disorder, but tried the expedient of converting part of would not put himself under the care of it into beef tea, and drank it with seema surgeon, fearful of the cost. Driven at ing relish. Next morning, however, the last to desperation by the intenseness of old woman, alarmed for the consequenhis sufferings, about twelve months pre- ces, insisted peremptorily for money, to vious to his decease, he sent for Mr. purchase fresh meat, at the same time Crichton, who found him lying, in the acquainting him that a supply of coals most inclement season of the year, barely was necessary. “ The coals consumed covered by an old tattered blanket. The already! Impossible! They should have furniture of the apartment consisted of served him for the winter! She must have about a dozen pair of old shoes, some old carried off some of them! Threepence tattered clothes, a plough-share, a wooden for meat and eighteen-pence for coa)s ! dish, and horn spoon, pair of scales It's ruination! She must pack off immeand weights, a tub for holding meal, and diately! But before she goes she must an old crazy chair. Clark's disorder ha- account for the two shillings received on ving been ascertained to be stone in the the day of the operation !” The poor wobladder, he was told that a surgical ope- man being somewhat confused could not ration would be necessary for his relief. bring to her recollection the disposal of This he expressed the utmost willingness more than 1s. 10d. It was then perfectly to undergo; but when informed it would plain she was robbing his room, and also be necessary to have bim removed to ruining him by her extravagance, and she a comfortable room, &c. his heart died must go to prison ! The garret was filled within him, and he said he must continue with the neighbours, alarmed by his noisy as he was, until death relieved him. In vociferation; and nothing they could say vain was he told that every thing needful having pacified hiin, they sent for Mr. would be provided. He still persevered Crichton, who thought it might be a wise in his determination. Leaving a trifle plan to leave bim alone, and let him mawith him to procure necessaries, Mr. nage and feed himself in his own way. Crichton descended from the garret, and By the help of a good constitution, he made inquiry of the neighbours concern- soon recovered his health, but never could ing this miserable object; from whom he forget the expenses he had been put to received the account narrated. Possessed during his confinement. The failure also of this information he returned and rated of some people holding money of his in the wretch for his miserable disposition; their hands, tended much to embitter the but all that could be obtained, was a remainder of his life: and he was often promise to procure some bed-clothes, and observed lamenting his misfortunes ; freio allow the operation to be performed in quently saying aloud, “ all bankrupts a room belonging to one of the neigh- should be banged !” There would be no bours, and immediately to be hoisted end to the detail of this miserable creaback to his own roost. The first morn- ture's miserable eccentricities. ing after the operation he was found bitter cold day, he went into one of the quarrelling and abusing the old woman neighbour's rooms to warm himself, before left in charge of him, for her extravagance ascending to his comfortless loft. The in making use of soap to wash the cloths next morning he was found almost stiff that were occasionally taken from under with cold, and unable to move the bed him ; and he expressed great exultation clothes, which he had been made to prowhen she was given to understand that vide himself with the year before, were soap was not absolutely necessary for the lying folded up in a corner; he had not purpose. A dose of castor oil that had the heart to use them. On Sunday he been prescribed for him, he would not lost the use of his faculties; and on Monallow to be sent for; but in its place day he breathed his last. His only surswallowed a piece of soap, which, he said, viving sister, a poor old woman, living

On a

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

“ I did, sir,

somewhere in Strathmore, inherited his the world in the twinkling of an eye; but property.

he never had heard that these fairy tricks had been played at or near York, to

which place he had now distinctly tracel Pellucid Heath. Erica pellucida. himself by his “ log." His next thought Dedicated to St. Cyril.

was to“ take an observatoin,” by looking

out of the window, but he could observe December 23.

nothing but tops of houses. This view,

however, rejoiced his sight, for, thought St. Servuius, A. D. 590. Ten Murtyrs of he, I am still in a civilized country; this Creie. St. Victoria, A. D. 250.

place may be York, where, if my senses do

not deceive me, I went to bed last night, A Trising Mistake.

at all events I shall have justice done me. In December, 1822, the Morning But the enigma still remained unexChronicle states the following whimsical plained, and poor Jack had no clothes to circumstance to have taken place at

go in quest of a solution. At last he spied the Black Swan inn, at York :

a bell-rope, and giving it a hearty tug, An honest son of Neptune travelling leaped into bed again to wait the issue, northwards, having put up there for the

come who might. It was no enchanter night, desired the chambermaid to call

who answered this summons, but only him early the next morning, as he wished poor Molly. “ So you are there, are you? to proceed on his journey by the coach; Pray why did you not call me at seven and added, as I am

a very sound o'clock, as 1 desired you?" sleeper, you will most likely be obliged but you did not answer me.” “Then, to come in and shake me.” Accordingly why did you not come in and shake me ?" he left his door unfastened, and soon feil

I did come in, sir, but you were gone." asleep. The next morning when he

“ I tell you I have not been out of bed awoke, he found the sun was high, and all night; you must have gone to the the coach must have left him some hours wrong room. “ No, sir, I went to No. behind. Vexation was his first feeling. 22, the room that I put you in last the next was that of vengeance against night; besides, there was your watch the faithless Molly. Accordingly he pro

under the pillow, your impression in the ceeded to inform himself of the time of bed, and your clothes placed ready for day, that he might tax her accurately with putting on.”. “ Then, where the devi! her omission, which was aggravated, in

am 1 ? and how came I here?” “ You his mind, by every additional hour that

are a story higher, sir; just over your own he had lost; but after groping for some

room." Our hero was now satisfied that time under his pillow for his watch, it he had been rambling over the house was not to be found! This effectually in his sleep, and had mistaken a story in roused him, and he launched at once out

returning to his own room.

He then reof bed, but no sooner found himself on

collected that this was a trick to which he his feet, than he discovered that his had been addicted when a boy, and he clothes had likewise vanished. It was

devised that the fatigue of a long journey now evident to him that he had been had probably chiefly contributed to revive robbed; however a little more rubbing of his old babit. The whole affair was now the eyes convinced him that he must have accounted for, and Molly proceeded to been also stolen himself, as the room, bed, fetch the clothes of the disenchanted and furniture, were all strange to him i knight, resolving within herself never to Indeed, he was positive in his own mind, trust her own door open again, lesti that he had never beheld them before. It should be entered accidentally by som was equally clear to him that he had sleep-walking traveller. gone to bed sober; so being completely puzzled, Jack sate himself down on the bed to “ make a calculation," as he often had done at sea, in order to discover, if possible, in what precise part of the Cedar ot Lebanon. Pinus cedrus globe he just then happened to be, and

Dedicated to St. Victoria. how he came there He had read of the enchanted carpet, by which persons could be transported to the rematest parts of

FLORAL DIRECTORY,

To the Reader.

December 21. I am encouraged, by the approbation Sts. Thrasilla and Emiliana. St. Gregory, of my labours, to persevere in the com

of Spoleto, A.D. 304. pletion of my plan, and to continue this little work next year as usual.

Christmas Eve. Not a sentence that has appeared in the preceding sheets will be repeated, and

This is the vigil of that solemn festival the Engravings will be entirely new.

which commemorates the day that gave December, 1825. W. Hone. “ To man a saviour—freedom to the slave.

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Calabrian Shepherds playing in Rome at Christmas

VOL. I.

801

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