Jewish and Christian Scriptures: The Function of 'Canonical' and 'Non-Canonical' Religious Texts
Over the past four decades, many scholars have focused on the expanding collection of alleged "extra-canonical" documents that were deemed inspired by God in numerous early Jewish and Christian groups. Eventually, these texts ceased to have an authoritative role in Judaism and Christianity and were branded "extra-canonical." Now, these documents, once considered sacred, are recognized as fundamental in understanding antiquity, and the development of the canon. Many scholars are now according an authority to some of these texts This volume draws attention to these ancient religious texts, especially the so-called "non-canonical" texts, by focusing on how they were used or functioned in early societies. The contributors also warn us about the assumed barriers between "canon" and "extra-canon," "texts" and "traditions," and they suggest that we should be careful with labels such as "Jewish" and "Christian." The contributors also indicate, intermittently or implicitly, the importance of combining disciplines that had been isolated, especially the study of texts, the exploration of the canonical process, and the relevance of sociology in studying ancient groups.
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1 What Do We Mean by Canon? Ancient and Modern Questions
1QpHab and Its Scribes
3 Citation Formulae as Indices to Canonicity in Early Jewish and Early Christian Literature
Some Problems of Textual Authority in Light of the Rewritten Scriptures from Qumran
5 Judes Citation of 1 Enoch
The Case of the Acts of the Apostles
The Case of the Six Books Dormition Apocryphon
8 The Transfiguration Remembered Reinterpreted and Reenacted in Acts of Peter 2021
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AcPt 20 AcPt’s Acts of Peter ancient antiquity apocrypha Apostles appears authoritative authority Bible biblical canon blind widows Book of Enoch Brill canon formation canonical process citation formulae cited Clement Clement of Alexandria Commentary context Dead Sea Scrolls divine documents Dormition early Christianity early church Elledge Enoch Epistle Evans Exod fourth century function Genesis Apocryphon God’s Gospels Greek Hebrew Holy Homer human form included interpretation Irenaeus J. A. Sanders Jesus Jewish and Christian Jews Joel Jubilees Judaism Jude Jude’s literature liturgical Luke Luke’s Macc manuscripts McDonald Moses narrative non-canonical notes NT canon Old Testament origin Pesher Pesher Habakkuk Philo polymorphy polyonymy Priscillian prophet ProtJas Psalms Pseudepigrapha Qumran Qumranites quotations quoted Rabbinic reference religious rewriting rewritten sacred texts says Schneemelcher scholars scribe Scripture second century Shoemaker sources story Studies Tanakh Temple Scroll Tertullian Testament Apocrypha theological Torah traditions Transfiguration University Press VanderKam vols writings written