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Christian Prince, by that necessity they Or. to the Ordinance of Christ, who had made dained other Bishops." Dr. Leighton, Cur after them 72 other Priests, as it appeareta ren, Tresham, and Redmayn, suppose, That in the 10 of St. Luke : They made and or" they ought to bave asked license of their dained also others the seven principal DeaChristian Governours, if then there had been cons, as it is shewed in the 6 of the Acts;

where it is said, That they praying laid their bands upon them. In the 13 of the Acts,

certain there named at the commandment of 10. Question.

the Holy Ghost, severed Saul and Barnabas

to that God had taken them, Fasting, PrayWhether Bishops or Priests were first ? and if !

I. ing, and laying their hands upon thein ; the the Priests were first, then the Priest mude

which Saul, Ananias the Disciple had bapthe Bishop.

uized, laying his hands upon bim, that he Answer.

might be replenished with the Holy Ghost. The Bishops and Priests were at one time, And Paul so made, ordained Timothy and and were no two things, but both one Office Tite, willing them to do likewise as he bad in the beginning of Christ's Religion.-Can- done, and appointed to be done from City to terbury.

City. James was ordained the Bishop of To the tenth ; We think that the Apostles Jerusalem, by Peter, John, and James. So were Priests before they were Bishops; and that Example otherwise we read not.-Carlile. that the Divine Power which made them Incertus sum utri fuere priores, at si AposPriests, ma le them also Bishops; and altho toli in prima profectione Ordinati erant, aptbeir Ordination was not by all such Course paret Episcopos fuisse priores, nempe Aposas the Church now useth, yet that they had tolos, nam postea designavit Christus alios both Visible and Invisible Sanctification, we septuaginta duos. Nec opinor absurdum esse, may gather of the Gospel, where it is written, ut Sacerdos Episcopum Consecret, si EpisSicut inisit me Pater vivens, et ego mitto ros: copus haberi non potest.- Dr. Robertson. et cum hæc dirit, insufflavit in eos et dirit, ac- Although by Scripture (as St.Hierome saith) cipite Spiritum Sanctum : Quorum remiseritis, Priests and Bishops be one, and therefore the &c. And we may well think, that then they one not before the other: Yet Bishops, as were made Bishops, when they had only a they be now, were after Priests, and thereFlock, but also Shepherds appointed to them fore made of Priests.-- Dr. Cor. to overlook, and a Governaace committed to The Apostles were both Bishops and Priests, them by the Holy Ghost to oversee both; and they made Bishops, and Priests, as Titus fort

is not properly a and Timotheus made Priests. Episcopatum name of Order, but a name of Office, signi- ejus accipiat alter, Act. 1. Presbyteros qui in fying an Overseer. And altho the inferior vobis sunt, obsecro el ego Compresbyler, 1 Pet. 5. Shepherds have also Cure to over-see their And in the beginning of the Church, as well Flock, yet forsomuch as the Bishops Charge that word Episcopus as Presbyter, was comis also to oversee the Shepherds, the name of mon and attributed both to Bishops and Overseer is given to the Bishops, and not to Priests.- Dr. Day. the other; and as they be in degree higher, • Utrique primi a Deo facti, Apostoli, Episso in their Consecration we find difference copi ; Septuaginta discipuli (ut conjectura even from the Primitive Church.--York. ducor) Sacerdotes. Unde verisimile est Epis

To the tenth; I think the Bishops were copos præcessisse, Apostoli enim prius vocari first, and yet I think it is not of importance, erant, - Dr. Oylethorp. whether the Priest then made the Bishop, or They be of like beginning, and at the beelse the Bishop the Priest; considering (after ginning were both one, as St. Hierome and the sentence of St. Jerome) “ that in the be- other old Authors shew by the Scripture, ginning of the Church there was none (or if whereof one made another were, very small) difference, between a Dr. Redmayn. Bishop and a Priest, especially touching the Christ our chief Priest and Bishop, made signification.”- London.

his Apostles Priests and Bishops all at once ; I find in Scripture, That Christ being both and they did likewise make others, some a Priest and a Bishop, ordained his Apostles, Priests, and some Bishops : and that the who were both Priests and Bishops ; and the Priests in the Primitive Church made Bishops, same Apostles did afterwards ordain Bishops, I think no inconvenience ; (as Jerome saith) and commanded them to ordain others.-Ro- in an Epist. ad Evagrium. Even like as Soulchester.

diers should choose one among themselves to Christ made his Apostles Exorcists, as it be their Captain : So did Priests choose one appeareth in the 10. Mat. Deacons, Priests of themselves to be their Bishop, for consiand Bishops, as partly there, and after, in deration of his learning, gravity, and good the 20 of St. John, Quorum Remiseritis, &c. living, &c. and also for to avoid Schisms and where he said, Hoc facite in ineum Come among themselves by them, that some might memorationem. In the Acts, Cæterorum nemo not draw People one way, and others another audebat se conjungere illis. So that they were way, if they lacked one Head among them. all these together; and so being according - Dr. Edgeworth

name of a

Christ was and is the great High Bishop, ture, and so may Princes and Governours and made all his Apostles Bishops; and they also, and that by the authority of God commade Bishops and Priests after him, and somitted to them, and the People also by their bath it ever-more continued hitherto.—Dr. Election : for as we read that Bishops bave Symmons.

done it, so Christian Emperors and Princes I say, Christ made the Apostles first Priests, usually have done it, and the People before and then Bishops, and they by this Authority Christian Princes were, commonly did elect made both Priests and Bishops ; but where their Bishops and Priests.-Canterbury. there had been a Christian Prince, they would To the eleventh ; That a Bishop inay make bave desired bis Authority to the same.-Dr. a Priest, may be deduced of Scripture ; for Tresham.

so much as they have all Authority necessary To the Tenth. - Dr. Leyghton. for the ordering of Christ's Church, derived

The Apostles were made of Christ Bishops from the Apostles, who made Bishops and and Priests, both at the first; and after them,

Priests, and not without Authority, as we Septuaginta duo Discipuli, were made Priests. have said before to the ninth Question ; and -Dr. Coren.

that any other than Bishops or Priests may Con.— Menevens. Therleby, Redmanus,

make a Priest, we neither find in Scripture Coxus, asserunt in initio eosdem fuisse Eois. nor out of Scripture.-York. copos et Presbyteros. Londinens. Carliolens.

To the eleventh, I think, that a Bishop Symons, putant Apostolos fuisse institutos

duly appointed, bath authority, by Scripture, Episcopos a Christo, et eos postea in

to make a Bishop, and also a Priest : bestituisse alios Episcopos et Presbyteros, et

cause Christ being a Bishop did so make 74 Presbyteros postea fuisse Ordinatos : Sic

himself; and because alive, his Apostles did Oglethorpus, Eboracens. et Tresham aiunt

the like.—London. Apostolos primo fuisse Presbyteros, deinde

The Scripture sbeweth by example, that a Episcopos, cum aliorum Presbyterorum cre

Bishop haih Authority to make a Priest , dita esset illis cura. Robertsonus incertus

albeit no Bishop being subject to a Christian est utri fuere priores, non absurdum tamen

Prince, may either give Orders or Excomesse opinatur, ut Sacerdos consecret Episco

municate, or use any manner of Jurisdiction, pum, si Episcopus haberi non potest. Sic

or any part of his Authority without ComLondinens. Edgworth, Dayus, putant etiam

mission from the King, who is supretim Episcopos, ut vulgo de Episcopis loquimur,

Ilead of that Church whereof he is a Memfuisse ante Presbyteros. Leightonus nihil ber; but that any other man may do it be. Respondet.

sides a Bishop, I find no example, either in Agreement. - In the tenth : Where it is Scripture, or in Doctors.--Rochester.

By what is said before, it appeareth, that asked, Whether Bishops or Priests were first? The Bishop of St. David, my Lord Elect of

a Bishop by Scripture may make Deacons and Westminster, Dr. Cox, Dr. Redmayn, say,

Priests, and that we have none example

otherwise.—Carlisle. That, “at the beginning they were all one."

Opinor Episcopum habere Authoritatem The Bishops of York, London, Rochester,

creandi Sacerdotem, modo id Magistratus Carlisle; Drs. Day, Tresham, Symmons,

publici permissu fiat. An vero ab alio quam Oglethorp, be in other contrary Opinions.

Episcopo id rite fieri possit, baud scio, quamThe Bishop of York, and Dr. Tresham, think,

vis ab alio factum non memini me legisse. “ That the Apostles first were Priests, and

Ordin. conferr. gratiam. vid. Eck, homil. 60. after were made Bishops, when the oversee

- Dr. Robertson. ing of other Priests was committed to them."

Bishops bave authority, as is afore-said, of My Lords of Duresme, London, Carlisle, Ro

the Apostles, in the centh Question, to make chester, Dr. Symmons and Crayford, think, " That the Apostles first were Bishops, and

Priests, except in cases of great necessity.-they after made other Bishops and Priests.” Dr. Coren and Oglethorp, say, “That the

Bishops have authority by Scripture to Apostles were made Bishops, and the 72

ordain Bishops and Priests; Joh. 20. Hujus were after made Priests.”

2 rei gratia reliqui te Crete ut constituas oppidu

Dr. Day thinks, “ That Bishops, as they may be now-a-days

ks, tim Presbyteros, Tit. 1. Act. 14.- Dr. Duy. called, were before Priests?” My Lord of

Autoritas ordinandi Presbyteros data est

a of Episcopis per verbum, nullisque aliis quos London, lrs. Edgworth and Robertson, think “it no inconvenience, if a Priest

1: lego.-- Dr. Oglethorpe.

To the first part, I answer, Yea; for so it made a Bishop in that time.”

appeareth, Tit. 1. and i Tim. 5. with other places of Scripture. But whether any other

but only a Bishop may make a Priest, I have 11. Question.

not read, but by singular priviledg of God; Whether a Bishop hath Authority to make a Priest as when Moses (whom divers Authors say by the Scripture, or no ? And whether any was not a Priest) made Aaron a Priest. other but only a Bishop can make a Priest ? Truth it is, that the Office of a Godly Prince Answers.

is to over-see the Church, and the Ministers A Bishop may make a Priest by the Scrip. thereof; and to cause them to do their duty,

and also to appoint them special Charges and ton, Robertson, add, That “they cannot use Offices in the Church, as may be most for this authority without their Christian Prince the Glory of God, and edifying of the People: doth permit them." To the second part, the and thus we read of the good Kings in the answer of the Bishop of St. Davids is, That Old Testament, David, Joas, Ezekias, Josias. “ Laymen bave other-whiles made Priests." But as for making, that is to say, Ordaining So doth Dr. Edgworth and Redman say, and Consecrating of Priests, I think it speci- That “ Moses by a priviledg given him of ally belongeth to the Office of a Bishop, as God, made Aaron his Brother Priest.” Dr. far as can be shewed by Scripture, or any Tresham, Crayford, and Cox say, That “ Lay. Example, as I suppose from the beginning, men may make Priests in time of Necessity.” Dr. Redmayn.

The Bishops of York, Duresme, Rochester, A Bishop bath authority by Scripture to Carlisle, Elect of Westminster, Dr. Curren, make a Priest, and that any other ever made Leighton, Symmons, seem to deny this thing; a Priest since Christ's time I read not. Albeit for they say, “They find not, nor read not Moses who was not anointed Priest, made any such example.” Aaron Priest and Bishop, by a special Commission or Revelation from God, without

12. Question. which he would never so have done. Whether in the New Testament be required any Dr. Edgeworth.

Consecration of a Bishop and Priest, or only A Bishop placed by the Higher Powers, appointing to the Office be sufficient? and ailmitted to minister, may make a Priest;

Answers. and I have not read of any other that ever In the New Testament, he that is ap. made Priests.- Dr. Symmons.

pointed to be a Bishop, or a Priest, needeih I say, a Bishop hath authority by Scripture no Consecration by the Scripture, for electo make a Priest, and other than a Bishop, tion, or appointing thereto is sufficient.hath not power therein, but only in case of Canterbury. necessity.- Dr. Tresham.

To the twelfth Question; The Apostles To the eleventh; I suppose that a Bisbop ordained Priests by Imposition of the Hand hath authority of God, as bis Minister, by with Fasting and Prayer; and so following Scripture to make a Priest ; but he ought not their steps, we must needs think, that all the to admit any man to be Priest, and conse- foresaid things be necessarily to be used by crate him, or to appoint him unto any minise their Successors : and therefore we do also try in the Church, without the Prince's license think, that Appointment only without visible and consent, in a Christian Region. And that Consecration and Invocation for the assist. any other Man hath authority to make a Priest ance and power of the Holy Ghost, is neither by Scripture, I have not read, nor any ex- convenient nor sufficient ; for without the ample thereof.-Dr. Leughton.

said Invocation, it beseemeth no Man to apA Bisbop being licensed by his Prince and point to our Lord Ministers, as of his own Supream Governour, hath authority to make authority: whereof we have example in the a Priest by the Law of God. I do not read Acts of the Apostles; where we find, that when that any Priest bath been ordered by any they were gathered to choose one in the place other than a Bishop Dr. Coren.

Judas, they appointed two of the Disciples, Con.-Ad primam partem Quæstionis re- and commended the Election to our Lord, spondent omnes, et convenit omnibus præter that he would choose which of them it Menevens. Episcopum habere autoritatem pleased him, saying and praying, “ Lord, instiluendi Presbyteros. Roffens. Leighion, thou knowest the hearts of all Men, show Curren, Robertsonus, addunt, Modo Magis- whether of these two thou dost choose to suctratus id permittat. Ad secundam partem ceed in the place of Judas.” And to this Respondent Coxus et Tresham in necessitate purpose in the Acts we read, Dirit Spiritus concedi potestatem Ordinandi aliis. Ebora- Sanctus, segregate mihi Barnubam, &c. And cen. videtur omnino denegare aliis hanc au- again, Quos posuit Spiritus Sanctus regere Ectoritatem. Redmayn, Symmons, Robertson, clesiam Dei. . And it appeareth also that in Leighton, Thirleby, Curren. Roffen. Edg- the Old Testament, in the ordering of Priests, worth, Oglethorp, Carliolen. nusquam lege- there was both Visible and Invisible Sancti. runt alios usos fuisse hac Potestate, quan: fication; and therefore in the New Testaquam (privilegio quodam) data sit Moysi, ut ment, where the Priesthood is above compaRedmanus arbitratur et Edgworth. Nihil re. rison higher than in the Old, we may not spondent ad secundam partem Quæstionis think that only appointment sufficeth without Londinensis et Dayus.

Sanctification, either Visible or Invisible. Agreement.-In the eleventh ; To the York. former part of the Question, the Bishop of To the twelfth ; I think Consecration of a St. Davids doth answer, That “Bishops have Bishop and Priest be required, for that in no authority to make Priests, without they the Old Law (being yet but a shadow and be authorized of the Christian Prince." The figure of the New) the Consecration was reothers, all of them do say, That “they be au. quired, as appears Lev, viii. yet the truth of thorized of God.” Yet some of them, as this I leave to those of higher Judgments.the Bishop of Rochester, Dr. Curren, Leigh- London.

The Scripture speaketh, de Impositione ma. The appointing to the Office per manuun nus et de Oratione : and of other manner of Impositione, is in Scripture, and the ConseConsecrations, I find no mention in the New cration of them hath of long time continued Testament expressly ; but the Old Authors in the Church.- Dr. Symmons. make mention also of Inunctions. - Rochester. There is a certain kind of Consecration

Upon this text of Paul to Timothy; Noli required, which is imposition of the Bishops negligere gratium quæ in te est, quæ data est tibi hands with Prayer, and the appointing only per Prophetiam cum Impositione manuum Pres. is not sufficient. - Dr. Treshum. byterii; St. Anselm saith, This “Grace to To the twelfth; I suppose that there is a be the Gift of the Bishops Office, to the which consecration required, as by Imposition of God of his meer goodness had called and Hands; for so we be taught by the ensample preferred him. The Prophecy (he saith) was of the Apostles.- Dr. Leughtön. the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, by the In the New Testament is required to the which he knew what he had to do therein. making of a Bishop, Imposilio manuum cum The Imposition of the Hands is that by the Oratione, which I take for Consecration, and which he was ordained and received that Appointment unto the Office is not sufficient; Office : •And therefore (saith St. Paul) God for King David, 1 Chron. 24. did appoint 24 is my Witness, that I have discharged my to be Bishops, who aster were consecrated; self, showing you as I ought to have done. so that both the Appointment and the ConNow look you well upon it whom that ye secration be requisite.- Dr. Coren. take to Orders, lest ye lose your self there- Con.-Respondent Eboracens. Londinens. by.'” “Let Bishops therefore, who (as Carliolens. Leighton, Tresham, Robertso. saith St. Hierome) hath power to make nus, Edgeworth, Curren, Dayus, Oglethorp, Priests, consider well under what Law the or. Consecrationem esse requisitan. Redmanus der of Ecclesiastical Constitution is bounden: ait eam receptam esse ab Apostolis, atque a and let them not think those words of the Spiritu Sancto institutam ad conferendain Apostle to be his, but rather to be the words gratiam. Dayus, Roffens, Symmons, aiunt of Christ himself."- Carlile.

Sacerdotium conferri per manuum imposiOpinor requiri Consecrationem quandam, tionem, idq; ê Scripturis ; Consecrationem hoc est impositionern manuum, Orationem, vero diu receptam in Ecclesia : Coxus Instijejunium, &c. tamen nusquam hoc munere tutionem cum manuum impositione sufficere, fungi posse, nisi ubi Magistratus invitet, ju- neq; per Scripturam requiri Consecrationem. beat, aut permittat.-Dr. Robertson.

Robertsonus addit supra alios nusquam hoc By Scripture there is no Consecration of munere fungi posse quempiam, nisi ubi Ma. Bishops and Priests required, but only the gistratus invitet, jubeat aut permittat. appointing to the Office of a Priest, cum Ime Agreement.-In the twelfth Question, positione manuum.- Dr. Cor.

where it is asked, Whether in the New TesConsecration of Bishops and Priests I read tament be required any Consecration of a not in the New Testament, but Ordinatio per Bishop, or only appointing to the Office be manuum Impositione cum Oratione is read there, sufficient? The Bishop of St. Davids saith, as in the places above; and the only appoint. That “only the appointing.” Dr. Cox, That ment, as I think, is not sufficient. - Dr. Day. “only appointing, cum manuum Impositione is

Præter vocationem, ceu designationem ex- sufficient without Consecration." The Bishops ternam, quæ vel a Principe fiat, vel a populo of York, London, Duresme, Carlisle, Drs. per electionem et suffragia, requiritur Ordi. Day, Curren, Leighton, Tresham, Edgworth, natio alia per manuum impositionem, idque Oglethorp, say, That “ Consecration is reper Verbum Dei.- Dr. Oglethorpe.

quisite." Dr. Redmayn saith, That “ ConBesides the appointing to the Office, it ap- secration hath been received from the Apos. peareth that in the Pricitive Church, the tles time, and institute of the Holy Ghost to Apostles used certain Consecration of the confer Grace." My Lord of Rochester, Dr. Ministers of the Church, by imposition of Day, and Symmons, say, That “ Priesthood Hands and Prayer, Act vi. and with Fasting, is given per manuum impositionem, and that by Acts xiv. &c. The Office of Priesthood is Scripture; and that Consecration bath of too dangerous to set upon, when one is but long time been received in the Church." appointed only: Therefore for the confirmation of their Faith, wbo take in hand such

13. Question. charge, and for the obtaining of farther Grace

Whether (if it fortuned a Christiun Prince requisite in the same, Consecration was or

Learned, to conquer certain Dominions of dained by the Holy Ghost, and hath been

Infidels, having nune but temporal leuri.ed always used from the beginning.-- Dr. Red

Men with him) if it be defended by God's maun,

Law, that he and they should Preach and Deputation to the Office, is not sufficient

Teach the Word of God there, or no? And to make a Priest or a Bishop, as appeareth by David and Solomon, who deputed the

also make and constitute Priests, or no? 24 above mentioned to their Offices, yet they

Answers. made none of them Priests, nor any other. It is not against God's Law, but contrary Dr. Edgworth.

they ought indeed so to do; and thers to

Histories that witnesseth, that some Chris. It is to he thought, that Ctrist may call, tian Princes, and other Laymen unconse- as it pleaseth him, inwardly, outwardly, or crate have done the same.-Canterbury. by both together. So that if no Priest might

To the thirteenth; To the first part of this be had, it cannot be thought, but that a Question, touching Teaching and Preaching Christian Prince, with others learned, inthe Word of God in cases of such need; we wardly moved and called, might most charitthink that Laymen not ordered, not only may, ably and godlily prosecute that same their but must preach Christ and his Faith to In: Calling in the most acceptable Work, which fidels, as they shall see opportunity to do the is to bring People from the Devil to God, same, and must endeavour themselves to win from Infidelity to true Faith, by whatsoever the Miscreants to the Kingdom of God, if means God shall inspire.-Curlile. that they can ; for as the Wise Man saith, In hoc casu existimarem accersendos verbi “ God hath given charge to every Man of his et Sacramentorum, Ministros, si qui forent Neighbour; and the Scripture of God chargeth vicini; quin si nulli invenirentur, Principem every Man to do all the good that he can to illum Christianum haberemus pro Apostolo, all Men ; And surely this is the highest Alms tanquam missum a Deo, licet externo Sacrato draw Men from the Devil the Usurper, and mento non esset commendatus, quum Deus bring them to God the very Owner. Where- Sacramentis suis non sit alligatus.- Dr. Rofore in this Case every Man and Woman may bertson. be an Evangelist, and of this also we have To the thirteenth, and fourteenth followexample. But toucbing the second part, for ing; It is not against God's Law, that the cases of Necessity; As we neither find Scrip- Prince, and his learned temporal Men, may ture, nor Example, that will bear, that any Preach and Teach, and in these cases of ex. Man, being himself no Priest, may make, that tream Necessity, make and institute Minis. is to say, may give the Order of Priesthood ters.-- Dr. Col. to another, and authority therewith to minis. In this case (as I think) the Prince and ter in the said Order, and to use such Powers other temporal learned Men with him, may and Offices, as appertaineth to Priesthood by God's Law, Teach and Preach the Word grounded in the Gospel : 30 we find in such of God, and Baptise; and also (the same case of need, what hath been done in one of Necessity standing) elect and appoint Men the ancient Writers; altho this authority to to those Offices.- Dr. Day. ordain, after form afore-mentioned, be not to In summa necessitate Baptizare et prædi. Laymen expresly prohibited in Scripture ; care possunt et debent, hec etenim duo neyet such a prohibition is implied, in that there cessaria sunt media ad salutem; at ordinare is no sucb authority given to them, either in (ut conjectura ducor) non debent, sed aliunde Scripture or otherways; for so much as no Sacrificos accersire, quos si habere nequeant, Man may use this or any other authority Deus ipse (cujus negotium agitur,) vel orawhich cometh from the Holy Ghost, unless culo admonebit, quid faciendum erit, vel nehe hath either Commission grounded in Scrip- cessitas ipsa (quæ sibi ipsi est Les) modum ture, or else Authority by Tradition, and an- Ordinandi suggeret ac suppeditabit.--- Dr. cient use of Christ's Church universally re- Oglethorp. ceived over all. York.

I think they might, in such case of NecesTo the thirteenth and fourteenth following; sity; for in this case the Laymen made the I think that necessity herein, might either whole Church there, and the authority of be a sufficient Rule and Warrant to deter: preaching and ministering the Sacraments, is mine and order such Cases, considering that given immediately to the Church; and the tempore necessitatis mulier baptisat, et Laicus Church may appoint Ministers, as is thought istem facit, et andet confessionem: or else that convenient. There be two Stories good to God would inspire in the Princes heart, to be considered for this Question, which be provide the best and most handsome Remedy written in the 10th Book of the History therein: And hard were it peradventure to Ecclesiastick; the one of Frumentius, who find such great necessity, but either in the preached in India, and was after made Priest train of the said Prince, or in the Regions and Bishop by Athanasius. And the other adjoining thereunto, there might be had some Story is of the King of the Iberians, of whom Priests for the said purposes; or, finally, Ruffine the writer of the Story saith thus; Tbut the Prince himself, godlily inspired in Et nondum initiatus Sacris hit suæ gentis Aposbat behalf, might, for so good purposes and tolus. Yet nevertheless it is written there, intents, set forth the Act indeed, referring That “an Ambassad was sent to Constantine yet this thing to the better judgment of others. the Emperor, that he would send them Priests -- London.

for the further establishment of the Faith To the thirteenth and fourteenth following; there."- Dr. Redinuyn. I never read these cases, neither in Scrip. The Prince and his temporal learned Men, ture, nor in the Doctors, and therefore I can- might and ought, in that necessity, to inNot Answer unto them by Learning, but think struct the People in the Faith of Christ, and this to be a good Answer for all such Ques. to baptize them, ut idem rer sit et suæ gentis tions, viz. Necessitas non habet Legem.-Ro- Apostolus, and these be sufficient for the Salchester.

vation of bis Subjects. But as concerning

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