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there was no sacrament in this marriage. that appear so plainly, that I have more resThis having been the commion doctrine of son to complain of his sincerity, than of his the church of Rome, some remnant of that judgment. might bave too great an effect on Cranmer. His next exception is, that I give abstracts But if the consenting to an unjust sentence, of the reasons on which the proceedings in in a time of much heat, and of general con- the Reformation were grounded. He thinks sternation, is so criminal a thiug, what will that in this, I plead as an advocate, and do he make of Liberius, Filix, Ossius, and many not write as a bistorian. I do believe there more, whose names are in the Roman calen- are few things in my History with which he dar. The carrying this too far, will go a is more displeased than this. I give no reagreat way to the justifying the Luciferians. sons of my own making, nor do I put speeches Whatever may be in this, I had opened the in the mouths of our reformers, though if I matter of Aune of Cleve so impartially, that had done this, he knows that I could hare I deserve no censure on that account. said that I followed the precedents set me

After be had attacked the matter of my by the best writers of history, both among History in these particulars, he falls next the Greeks and the Romans. But since I upon my way of writing. In this, I confess, was engaged to write of a Reformation of I am not so much concerned, for if the things errors in doctrine, and of abuses in worship are truly related by me, I can very easily and government, I inust have been very debear all the reflections that he can lay on my fective, if I had not set out the reasous upon way of writing. But that he may censure which those of that time went, as well as I me with a better grace, he bestows some related the series of what was done by them. good words on me. He is not displeased with Both Father Paul, and Cardinal Palaricini, my preface, and the beginning of my work: in the histories that they wrote of the Counbut all these hopes were soon blasted. I fall into cil of Trent, have related the arguments used a detail of little stories, with which he was quite of all sides very copiously. In political disgusted. Yet if he had considered this matters, the chief use and beauty of history better, he would have been milder in his cen- is, the laying open the secret reasons of state, sure. My design was to shew, what seeds upon which all parties have proceeded : and and dispositions were still in the minds of certainly those who write concerning matters many in this nation, that prepared them for of religion, ought to open all that comes in a Reformation, in the beginning of King their way, of the grounds on which any Henry's reign, before ever Luther bad preach- changes were made. ed in Germany, and several years before that He thinks all the King's reasonings for the King's divorce came to be treated of in Eng- divorce were fully answered by Queen Cacheland. I therefore judged it was necessary nine's reasons against it. But he does not for me to let the reader know what I found consider that he is in a communion, in which in our registers of those matters : how that tradition is set up, as that which must decide many were tried, and some condemned upon all controversies. King Henry's arguments those opinions, that were afterwards reckoned run all upon tradition, whereas the Queen among the chief grounds of our separating pretended to no tradition, but only brought from the church of Rome. It seemed a ne. arguments of another sort, which was the cessary introduction to my work, to open this way of those called heretics : but in that as I found it upon record. My censurer matter the King insisted upon tradition, the blames me for not opening more copiously great topic of papists. He censures me for what the opinions of the Lollards and the bringing a Jew on the stage, after I had set Wicklifists were: he may see in these Arti- out the opinions of the universities : but it cles that I mention, what the clergy were seemed very reasonable to shew the notions then charging them with, and what was con- that the Jews had of their own laws. fessed by those, who were brought into their He returns again to reflections on the dicourts. I wrote in English for my own coun- vorce of Anne of Cleve t seems he had trymen. There are many books that give a few things to reflect on, when in so short a very particular account of Wickliff, and his paper he returns twice to the same matter, followers: this being so well known, it was From her he passes to Anne Bullen; he fannot necessary for me to run this matter up to cies my whole design in writing, was to estaits original; all that was incumbent on me, blish her descent : but that I do not acquit was to shew the present state of that party, ber mother of the imputations Sanders had and their opinions and sufferings in the be- laid on her; nor herself of the amours in the ginning of the reign of King Henry : so that court of France, and King Henry's ill coma fair judge will not think that a few pages merce with her. If the crown of England spent in opening this, was too great an im- bad remained in a line derived from that position on his patience : this having such a Queen, it might be supposed that some would relation to my main design in writing. It is have wrote on such a design: but that not be, and not I, that has transgressed Poly- being the case, there is little reason to think bius's rule : he considers these particulars as that any man would have given himself the little stories, without observing the end for trouble, only on design to justify her title to which I set them down; though I have made the crown. I have made it fully out that a great part of Sanders's charge on her, was to find fault, he could not find much matter an ill-invented calumny, to bring her right to for his spleen to work on, when in so short a the crown in question : and by proving some paper be is forced to return in three several part of bis relation to be false, I have de places to the article of the divorce of Anne stroyed the credit of the whole. I cannot be of Cleve: and he shews such an inclination obliged to prove the negative in every parti- to censure, that I have no reason to think cular, the proof lies upon the affirmative, and he would have spared me, if he had found the author of a train of defamation is suffi. greater matters to have objected to me. So ciently disproved, when it is apparent that all be says that seems to intimate that, must some parts of his relation must certainly be pass for words of course, which ought to make false. If any of these slanders had been in no impression. any sort believed in that time, there is no reason to think that the Pope or the Emperor would have neglected to publish them : for the court of Romne kept none of the measures

III.--Some remarks sent me by an of common decency with the King. Nor

unknown person. were these things objected to Anne Boleyn KEILWAY's Reports were published 1609, after that her unhappy fate gave some colour by Jo. Crook, who was afterwards a judge. to believe every thing to her prejudice. Her He gives a character of Keilway, as a lawyer brother and she did both at their death deny of good reputation; and that he was surveyall criminal commerce together: nor was or of the courts of wards in Queen Elizabeth's any thing proved against them, only the tes- reign. It appears that the King's ordering timony of a dead woman was alleged to the Attorney General to confess Dr. Horsey's destroy them.

plea, without bringing the matter to a trial, His last charge relates to More and Fisher; was plainly a contrivance to please the clerbut how this comes to support his censure of gy, and to stifle that matter without bringing my manner of writing is not so clear. I seem it to a trial, and so must have satisfied them in these matters to write like one that in- better than if he had pardoned him. Little tended to raise their character, rather than regard is to be given to Rastall, who shewed to de press it: nor do I justify King Henry's his partiality in matters in which the Pope's violences, but set them out as there is occa- authority was concerned ; for, in his edition sion for it. More knew a law was made, re- of the Statutes at Large, he omitted one act quiring the subjects to swear to the King as of parliament made in the second year of Supreme Head, under the pain or perpetua. Richard the Second, cap. 6. which is thus imprisonment ; upon which he ought to bave abridged by Poulton. Urban was duly chogone out of England, since he resolved not sen Pope, and so ought to be accepted and to take the oath. Fisher knew that the Nun obeyed : upon which the Lord Coke in his of Canterbury had in very indecent words institutes, p. 274. infers, that antiently acts of foretold the King's death, and had not re- parliament were made concerning the highest vealed it as he ought to have done.

spiritual matters ; but it seems Rastall had He says my History reflects much on the no mind to let that be known. He was a memory of King Henry. I did not under- judge ia Queen Mary's time, but went beyond take to write a panegyric on him, but only to sea, and lived in Flanders in Queen Elizawrite the history of that time : in doing this, beth's reign, and there he wrote and printed as I have discovered the injustice of many his Book of Entries. scandals that have been cast on bim, so I have There is a very singular instance in the not spared to lay open many ill practices, Year Book, 43. Edward III. 33. 6. by which when I was obliged to do it, by that impar- it appears, that the Bishop of Litchfield was tial sincerity to which I obliged myself when sometimes called the Bishop of Chester; I undertook that work : though he charges for a quare impedit was brought by the King me as biassed by partiality, a censure I de- against him, called Bishop of Chester: the served not. Bit I do more easily submit to judgment given at the end of it is, that he his charging me with my ignorance of law, should go to the great devil. This is a singuand of ecclesiastical antiquity. Such generallar instance of an extraordinary judgment; censures are little to be regarded : when he there being no precedent like it in all our is at leisure to reckon up the particulars in records. which I have erred, I sball be very glad to be In Brook's Abridgment, Tit. Præmunire,sect. instructed by him. For though I have looked 21, it is said, Thai Barlow bad, in the reign a little into law, and ecclesiastical history, of Edward the Sixth, deprived the Dean of yet I value myself upon nothing but my sin- Wells (wbich was a donative), and had therecerity. It is very easy to lay a detracting by incurred a præmunire ; and that he was character in some general words upon any forced to use means to obtain his pardon : so person. The artifice is so commonly prac. if he had not his bishoprick confirmed, by a tised, that it will not pass upon any but those new grant of it, he must have lost it, in a judg. who by some prejudices are prepared to take ment against him in a præmunire. And if be down every thing that is boldly asserted. It wrote any such book, it was in order to the seems that how a great a mind soever he had obtaining his pardon. Brook was chief jus. tice of the Common-Pleas, in the first of Queen for by a letter of Sampson's it appeare, that Mary : but yet it is no ways probable that Barlow did feebly promise to be reconciled to Barlow wrote any such book as is mentioned the Church of Rome: but it seems, that was p. 428 of the second volume of the History only an effect of weakness, since he quickly of the Reformation : for he went out of Eng. got beyond sea ; into wbich the Privy-Council land, and came back in the first of Queen made an inquiry: that shews, tbat he repented Elizabeth. He assisted in the consecration of that which was extorted from him. of Archbishop Parker, and was made bishop of Chichester; which probably would not have “ There are in this paper some quotations been done, if he had written any such book, out of Harmer's Specimen, on which general unless he had made a public recantation of it; remarks are made, but particulars are not which I do not find tbat he did. So there is added. The writer of this has not thought fit reason to believe, that was a book put out in to name himself to me; so I can give no other his nama by some papist, on design to cast a description of him, but that he seems to be a reproach on the Reformation. This is further person who has studied the law, and perused confirmed, by what I have put in the History: our historians carefully.

A TABLE

OF THE

RECORDS AND PAPERS THAT ARE IN THE COLLECTION,

With which the Places in the History to which they relate are marked. The First

Number, with the Letter C. is the Page of the Collection; the Second, with the Letter
H. is the Page of the History.

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FIRST VOLUME OF THE HISTORY.

c. H.
BOOK I.

sali, directing him to make pre-
1. Tue record of Cardinal Adrian's

sents at Rome . . . . . .
oath of fidelity to King Henry VII.

| 10. The decretal bull that was de-
for the Bishoprick of Bath and

sired in the King's cause . . .
Wells . :::::

18 | 11. The Cardinal's letter to John
2. Pope Julius's Letter to Arch-

Cassali concerning it ...
bishop Warbam, for giving King

12. Staphileus's letter to the Car-

1
Henry VIII. the golden rose. . 2

dinal
30

. . . . . . . . .
3. A writ for summoning convo-

13. The Cardinal's letter to Cam-
cations . . . . . . . . . ib. S3

pegio ......... ib.

14. The Cardinal's letter to Cassali,
4. A writ for a convocation sum-
moned by Warbam on an eccle-

desiring a decretal bull might be
siastical account. . . . . .

sent over . . . . . . . . 22

15. The breve of Pope Julius for the
5. The preamble of an act of sub-
sidy granted by the clergy. ..

King's marriage suspected to be
6. Bishop Tonstal's license to Sir

forged . . . . . . . . . ib.
Thomas More for his reading he-

16. A part of the Cardinal's letter
retical books . . .

to G. Cassali, desiring leave to
. . . .

sbew the decretal bull to some of
BOOK II.

the King's council ..... 23
1. The bull for the King's mar-

17. John Cassali's letter concerning
riage with Queen Katherine . . 5 56 a conference be bad with the Pope,
2. The King's protestation against

18. The Pope's letter to the Car-
the marriage . . . . . . .

dinal,giving credence to Campana, 27
3. Cardinal Wolsey's first letter to

19. A part of Peter Vannes'instruc-
Gregory Cassali about the divorce

tions, directing him to threaten
4. Two leiters of Secretary Knight's

the Pope . . . . . .
to the Cardinal and the King.giv.

20. The Cardinal's letter to the am-
ing an account of his conferences

bassadors, concerning his promo-
with the Pope concerning the di.

tion to the popedom . . . . ib. 102
vorce . . . . . . . . . 12 75 21. An information given to the
5. A part of a letter from Knight to

Pope concerning the divorce . . 28104
Cardinal Wolsey, that shews the

22. The second part of a long dis
dispensation was then granted

patch of the Cardinal's concern-
and sent over . . . . . .

ing the divorce . . . . . . 29 105
6. Gregory Cassali's letter con-

| 23. Another dispatch to the same
cerning the method in which the

purpose . . . . . . . . 34 108
Pope desired the divorce should

24. A letter from the two Legates to
be managed ....... 15 ib. the Pope, advising a decretal bull, 38 109
7. The King's letter to the College

25. Another dispatch to Rome con-
of Cardinals, from which it ap.

1 cerning it . . . . . . . . 41 112
pears how much they favoured his

26. A letter from the Pope to the
cause . . . . . . . . .

Cardinal . . . . . . . . 43 ib.
8. The Cardinal's letter to the Pope

27. The King's letter to bis ambas-
concerning the divorce . . . ib. 83 sadors to hinder an avocation of
9. Cardinal Wolsey's letter to Cas-

the suit . . . . . . . . 16. 11

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28. The King's letter concerning his

3. Some particulars relating to the
appearance before the Legates. 44 117 dissolution of monasteries :
29. Dr. Bennet's letter to the Car-

Sect. 1. Of the preambles of some
dinal, shewing bow little they

surrenders ... 80 308, 383
might expect from the Pope . : 46 121

2. A list of religious houses
30. A letter from the Pope to the

that were of new founded
Cardinal concerning the avocation, 47 123

by the King, after the act
31. An act releasing to the King

for their dissolution . . 80 S60
sums of money that were raised

3. A list of all the surren-
by a loan . . . . . . . ib. 134

ders of monasteries which
32. A letter from Gardiner and Fox,

are extant . . . . . ib. 583
concerning their proceedings at

4. The confessions made by
Cambridge . . . .

. 48 139

some abbots .... 84 981
33. A letter from Crook out of Ve.

5. Ofthe manner of suppres-
nice, concerning the opinions of

sing the monasteries af-
divines about the divorce . . . 50 148

ter they were surrendered, 85 431
34. Tbe judgments of the Univer-

4. Queen Anne Boleya's last let.
sities concerning the King's mar-

ter to King Henry : ..., 87 332
riage . . . . . . . .

5. The judgment of the convoca-
35. The judgment of the Lutheran

tion concerning general councils, 88 353
divines about it. . . . . .

6. Instructions for a visitation of
36. An abstract of the grounds of

monasteries, in order to their dis-
the divorce . . . . . . .

ib, 157

solution . . . . . . . . 89 357
37. A bull sent to the Archbishop

7. Instructions given by the King
of Canterbury against the statutes

to the clergy. . . . . . .
of provisors . . . . . . 54 179 8. A letter from Cromwell to
38. A letter to King Henry VI. for

Shaxton, bishop of Sarum. .. 92 387
repealing that statute . . . .

9. The sentence given out by Pope
39. A letter to the parliament upon

Paul 111. against King Heury", 94 395
the same occasion . . . . . 56 181 10. The opinion of some bishops
40. An instrument of the speech the

concerning the King's supremacy, 100 400
Archbishop of Canterbury made | 11. Injunctions to the clergy made
to the House of Commons con-

by Cromwell ....... 101 401
cerning it . . . . ... 57 182 | 12. Injunctions made by Archbishop
41. An act restraining the payment

| Cranmer . . . . . . . . 103 411
of annats to the see of Rome. . 58 191 | 13. A letter of Cromwell's to the
42. The king's last letter to the

| Bishop of Landaff, directing how
Pope . . . . . . . . . 193 to proceed in the Reformation. ib. ib.
43. À promise made to the Car-

14. The commission by which Bon-
dinal of Ravenna, for engaging 1 ner held his biskoprick of the
him to procure the divorce . .

| King . . . . . . . . . 104
44. Bonner's letter concerning the

15. The King's letters-patents for
proceedings at Rome . . . .

printing the Bible in English. .105 434
45. Another letter about the same

16. The attainder of Thomas Crom-
process . . . . . . . .

198

well . . . . . . . . . ib. 446
46. Another letter concerning the

17. Cromwell's letter to the King
progress of the process at Rome, 67 199 concerning his marriage with
47. The sentence of divorce given

Anne of Cleve. . . . . 109 450, 459
by Crammer ....... 68 214 | 18. The King's own declaration
48. An act for the deprivation of

about it . . . . . . . . 111 450
the Bishops of Salisbury and Wor-

19. The judgment of the convocation
cester . . .

. .

annulling it . . . . . . . ib. 451
49. A letter from Cromwell to Fisher

20. Anne of Cleve's letter to her bro-
concerning the Maid of Kent. 70 251 ther ..
50. A renunciation of the Pope's

21. The resolutions of several bi-
supremacy signed by the heads

shops and divines concerning the
of six religious bouses . . . . 72 253 sacraments . . . . . . . 114 464
51. A mandate for the consecration

22. Dr. Barnes's renunciation of
of suffragan bishops .....

73 2.

some articles informed against him, 135 475

23. The foundation of the bishop-
BOOK III.

rick of Westminster. . . . . ib. 489

24. A proclamation for the English
1. Instructions for the general visi

Bible to be set up in all churches, 158 486
tation of the monasteries . . . 74 297 | 25. An admonition set up by Bon-
2. General injunctions sent by the

ner for all that came to read the
King to all the monasteries . . 77 299 | Bible . . . . . . . . . 139 486

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