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so just and clear, and yet not admitted. Then be would, as he bath done in making of Carhis Lordship went further, and said, that Im- dinals, an Act much more solemn than a Dise pedimentum allegatum erat perpetuun, because putation. To that, I said, his Holiness might your Higbness, "I cansa reipublicæ, could not so do if he would ; bow beit, it should be precome out your Realm, and quia dignitas vesira ter solilum morem: and therefore desired his est perpetua ; and also quod Cuusa requirit Holiness to consider therein the order before celeritaiem. To this, I said, that his Lord. assigned, and that this term peremplory would ship mistook the Matter, for we said not in not stand with the order. His Holiness then the Matters that your Highness couid not go willed we should inform the Cardinals, Anout of your Realm to no place, but we said, chona, and de Monte, and so we did ; Anchothat the same could not go, ad loca tam remo. Da shewed bimself somewhat reasonable, ta, as Rome is; so that it was not perpetuum and was contented the term peremptory should impedimentum. And to the other I shewed be put out. De Monte said that the Pope bim a Text, and the common opinion of Doc. would promise to hear the Conclusions dis. tors in a Cause of Matrimony, being inter Re- puted in Congregations, calling thereto cesgem et Reginam, wbich took away the thing tain Cardinals, so that the term pere inptoru ibal he bad said. Then bis Lordsbip said, should not be prejudicial. Then í Edward That it was enougb that the place were sure Karne desired him, that if the said term to the Procurator by the Chapter, Cum olim should not be prejudicial, that it might be de lestibus. I said, That that Cbapter did not stricken out, for I told him plainly tha: I prove that Allegation, and ihat they mistook would not stand to words, the writing shew. The Text that so did understand it, for the Al. ing the contrary; adding withal, that I would ternative that is in that Text is not referred not dispute in this term, tanquam peremplorio, od locum lutuin, but ad ordinem Citationis in- but would manifestly shew and protest, That chounda in persona principali, aut cpis procura. I, with other your Higbness's Counsel, were tore; and so Petrus de Anchorano understand. ready to defend the Conclusions published, eth that Text; and otherwise understanding according to the order given, and hitherto the same it should be against the Chapter, observed; alledging also, that the ConcluEi jarte de appellatione and the common opi. sions being justified, the Matters ought to nion there. Then he said that Aretine saith, be admitted; and that if the Pope's Holiness Quod sufficit quum locus sit tutus procuratori. and the Cardinals would not give audience I said, that under his favour, Aretine saith to me and your Highness's said Counsel, for the contrary, for he saith, Quod partibus debet the manifest trial and showing of the truth, locus intus assignari si poterit, et si non poterit they should give us cause to complain purlibus, detur procuratoribus. Then bis Lord them, and to cry out, usque ad Sidera, vour ship said to me, That I knew well he began Highness's Ambassadors all affirming the to set forward these Disputations, and that same. Then the said Cardinal de Monte said, he would do the best he could for the further that the Pope's Holiness would provide for ance thereof.
the Disputations, notwithstanding the term The 19th of his present I went with your peremptory assigned, and said also, that in the Highness's Ambassadors to the Pope, and Morning he would speak with the Pope, and delivered his Holiness in writing those things give your Ambassadors and me an answer. that were done in the Disputation of the 13th In the morning, which was the 20th of this of this : And then your Ambassadors were in present, the said Cardinal would that nothing band with the Pope to alter the Intimation, of the Decree of Intimation should be manis and to put out the term peremptory, and other fested, because the other part bad a Copy that were exclusory of further Disputations thereof, but would the Pope's Holiness to to be had upon the same Conclusions. The give an order that the word peremptory should Pope's Holiness said, That Disputations was be only for Disputations to be had in the Conno act Judicial requiring to be in the Consis- sistory, and not in Congregations, in which tory ; and therefore he said, he would call Congregations, the Conclusions remaining certain Congregations of Cardinals, on Fri. might be disputed ; and tho they had drawn day and Monday following, to hear the Dis- out this Order, yet because it was nothing putations. Then I William Benet said, That plain, neither certain to be comformable to that could not stand very well with the De- the former Order, I would have had the said cree of the Intimation, which was peremptory Cardinal to speak to the said Datary for to for any further Disputations after the 20th of make it as afore: and he was then contented, this present ; and therefore I spake that the howbeit the Pope's Holiness commanded all same term peremplory might be put out of the the Cardinals to their places, so that I could Intimation, alledging witbal, that upon the not have the said Order, and was driver said Friday or Monday it was no time to thereby either to dispute and accept the term, hear the Disputation, being so nigh after ; tariquam peremplorium, or else to fly the Dis. and that his Holiness bitherto hath observed putations, giving occasion to the adverse the Consistory for the Disputations, which Party to say, that I diffided in the justness Consistory cannot be unto after Easter, if the of the Matters, and defence of the Conclu. manner of the Court be observed. Then the sions. Wherepon your Highness's Ambassa. Pope said, he might call a Consistory when dors and we, with other your Learned Coun.
sel. concluded, that I Edward Karne should great labour, and solliciting, to bring the Diye protest, De non consentiendo in termino, lun- putation publick out of the Consistory kept aam veremptorio, and afterward to proceed to once in the week, into the Congregations, to the proposing of the Conclusions, and so I did be observed and kept before the l'ope's by mouth according to the tenour of a Copy, Holiness and the Cardinals, in such place. whicb bere withal your Highness shall receive. and as oft as should please them; to tie inWben I had protested, and the Pope had tent, as we perceived, that the said Dispu. spoken this word Acceptamus, the Queen's tation might be the sooner ended, and not Advocate began to protest that they would take such effect as it was devised for. Ard dispute no more, and desired his Holiness to upon this great importune labour, 1 Edward proceed in the principal Cause. Then I Ed. Karne, was nionished oftentimes to send ward Karne said, That the Pope's Holiness Conclusions to be proposed to the said Condid well perceive, that the Conclusions were gregations, as well in Palm-Sunday week, published and proposed, not only for them to as in Easter-week, as appeareth by the dispute, but also for all other, come who Copies of the Intimations sent herewithal to would, for the information of his Holiness, your Highness : Upon which Intimations I and the whole Consistory. And therefore I delivered certain Conclusions, according to said, tbat tho tbey would not dispute, yet I the order taken at the beginning, with a was there, with other your Highness's Learned Protestation devised by your Grace's Counsel Counsel, to propose the Conclusions, accord- bere, De non recedendo ub eodem ordine, et se ing to the Order given, justifying them to be proponendo eusdem Conclusiones in Consistorio, Canonical, and ready to defend them against juata eundem ordinem et non aliter. That not. all those that would gainsay them; and there. withstanding the Pope's Holiness caused me upon desired the Pope's Holiness, that tho to be monished again, cum Coniminatione, the Counsel of ihe Party Adverse would not that if I would not come in, cum Advocutis. dispute, yet I with your Highness's Learned tbe third day of April, procederet ad ulteriora Counsel might be heard again; against protestatione mea prævia non obstante. Wherewbich my desire the Queen's Advocate made upon, with the advice of your said Leamed great exclamations, till at the last the Pope Counsel, I conceived a Protestation, and the commanded him to silence, and willed us to same delivered to the Pope's Holiness, the go to the Conclusions, which we did. said third day in the moruing, protesting as
And here now it is determined, That we it was therein contained, and causing it to shall have no more Disputations in the Con- be registered by the Datary: of the which sistory, but the rest of the Conclusions to be Protestation your flighness shall also receive disputed in Congregations before the Pope, a Copy herewitbal. This notwithstanding, purposely made for the same; and what the Pope's Holiness, the said third day in therein shall be determined or done, your the afternoon made a Congregation, where Highness from time to time shall thereof by the said Protestation was examined ; and us be advertised, and of all other our doings after the Treaty had upon the same, we were in that behalf.
in conclusion emitted again to the ConsisAnd as concerning the Letters which your tory, there to be beard, as much as the ConHighness sent by Francis the Courier, of the sistory intendeth to hear, upon the Conclu. last of February, as well to the Pope, as to sions that are published; which was much me Edward Karne, for the admission of me more beneficial to us, than to have had all and the Matter excusatory, we shall, accord. proposed in Congregations to have been kept, ing to your Highness's pleasure and order as is afore. And by this means the Matter assigned, in the common Letter sent unto us was shifted off, and deferred until the 10th by your said Highness, proceed and do there. of this month; at which time the Pone's in as may be most beneficial and profitable Holiness kept the Consistory. And one Mr. for the same.
Providel, a singular good Clerk, which came And thus most humbly we commend us to from Bonony for the furtherance of your your Highness, beseeching Almighty God to Highness's Cause, very compendiously, and preserve the same in felicity and health many after good fashion and handling. to the great years. At Rome the 28th of March 1532. contentation, as appeared, of the Audience Your Highness's most humble Subjects, there, purposed three Conclusions, of the Servants, and Chaplains,
which two concerned the habilitation of me William Benet. Edward Karne, to lay in the Matters ExcuEdward Karne. satory: And the third was, that the Cause Edmond Bonner. ought to be committed, extra curium, ud locum
tutum utrique purti: Of the which Conclu
sions, and also his Sayings, the said such XLV.-Another Letter concerning the Process day.
day, your Highness shall receive a copy bere? at Rome. An Original.
witbal. And forasmuch as at the said Consis
tory, neither the Imperials, neither yet the (Cotton Libr. Vitel. B. 13.]
Queen's Counsel did appear; 1, Edward PLEASETH it your Highness, sithen our Karne, with the advice of your Highness's Letters of the 23 of March, here hath been Counsel, said to the Pope's Holiness, after the Proposition made by Mr. Providel, that XLVI.-A Letter from Benet und Cassalı ubout his Holiness might perceive well, that if the
the Process. An Original. Party adverse had any good matter to alledg,
[Cotton Libr. Vitel. B. 13.) against such things as were deduced for the justification of the Conclusions, and matter SERENISSIME et Invictissime Domine nose Excusatory, and did not diffide of their part, ter Supreme, salutem. Tribus Superioribus they would not have absented themselves, or Consistoriis ante vacationes habitis, de Causa sbrunken from the Disputations, which they Excusatoria actum fuit; sed quid illud fuerit afore bad accepted and taken: wherefore I quod in primo egerunt rescire non potuimus, accused their contumacy and absence, de- quia Cardinales pana Excommunicationis siring that it might be enacted, and there. probibiti fuerant quicquam revelare. Se. upon departed from the Consistory, for that cundo etiam aliquid super eadem causa tracday dissolved.
tarunt, quod itidem nos celaverunt. Sed ultiThe 14th of this present, the Pope's Holi- mo illo, quod die octavo Julii Congregatum ness caused Intimation to be made unto me, fuit, ita ut inferius patebit, constituerunt. of the Consistory to be kept the 17th of the Quum ergo postero die Pontificem adivissesame; willing me to be there, cum Advocatis, mus, ut quod decretum foret cognosceremus, to dispute all the Conclusions not proposed ab eo sic accepimus; nolle se ore suo, propand disputed : Upon the which Intimation, terea quod Jurisperitus non sit, Consistorii I delivered to the Datary three Conclu- deliberationem pronunciare; quocirra die sions, the 19, the 20, and the 21 in order, sequenti ad ipsum rediremus, quoniam vellet with a Protestation devised by your learned Cardinales Montem et Anconitanum id ipsum Counsel, sent herewithal to your Highness : nobis proferre : Et nihilominus idem quod And in the said Consistory, Mr. Providel did deinde ex ipsis Cardinalibus audivimus iune also alledg for the justification of the Matters explicavit, noluit tamen nobis esse Responsi and conclusions, and over that answered to loco. Igitur sicut dixerat, redivimus, et nosuch Objections as he thought the Party ad. bis duo illi Cardinales sic retulerunt summum verse to make foundation upon, and that very Dominum et Cardinales decrevisse, literas compendiously, being sorry that the Imperi. Exhortatorias cum a Pontifice, tum a Collegio als, and Queen's Counsel, did not come in to Carvinalium, Majestati vestræ scribendas dispute the said Conclusions, and the sayings esse, quibus vestram Majestatem adhortarenof the said Mr. Providel in the said Consis. tur, ut velit hic ad Causam Procuratorem tory, with my Protestation also, in not agree- constituere, idq; per totum Octobrem proxiing to the term, as peremptory, your Highness mum facere. Pontifex præterea suadebat ut shall perceive in writing sent here withal. ad idem nos Majestatein l'estram cohortare
As concerning the seven Conclusions yet mur, iidemq; fecerunt Cardinales, volentes remaining undisputed, we think the Pope's omnes ambiguitates et dubitationes tollere. Holiness will hear us no further in the Con- Respondimus, velle quod nobis injungebatur sistory ; saying, that the Part adverse will Majestati Vestræ scribere ; verum illud non not abide the Disputations, nor come in to the posse reticere quod erga Majestatem Vestram same : Nevertheless to take otherwise out of inique actum videbatur; quum neq; Excusa. the Consistory, with the Cardinals Informa- tor admissus, neq; ipsius allegationes forent tion, his Holiness is well contented.
orobatæ ac rece And verily, Sir, to study, labour, set for tissime petitum fuerat. Præterea non posse ward, and call upon sucb things as may con- nos non valde mirari, ac etiam summopere fer to the advancement of the Matter, and conqueri
comperto haberemus your Highness's Purpose, there shall not juris esse id fieri, esset nihilominus denega. want, neither good will, neither diligence to tum ; quum præsertim petendo Mandatuin the uttermost, that we can excogitate or de procuratorium, tacite viderentur rejicere Exsire, as hitherto surely neither Party hath cusatorem, et per ipsum allegata. Sic autem failed; trusting in God that thereby, if Jus- illi nobis Responderunt, neque Excusatoren tice be not oppressed, some good effect shall fuisse rejectum, neq; per ipsum allegata, sed follow, to the good contentation of your High- in eodem, quo prius, statu permanere ; hoc ness. With these presents, your Highness autem excusatorium negotium minime, ut no. sball also receive a Copy of all things that bis judicibus clarum, sed dubium videri. Ibiq; were spoken, as well for your Highness's be- Anconitanus quædam nostris contraria addux. half, as by the Party adverse, in the Consis. it, quæ D. Karne suis literis recenset. Dicetory, the 20th day of March.
bant quoq; in hac re favorabilius nos, quam And thus most bumbly we coinmend us to adversarios fuisse tractatos ; illud etiam adyour Higbness, beseeching Almighty God dentes, quod si procuratorium mandatum long to continue the same in his most Royal mittatur, justitia optime ministrabitur, ac Esiate. At Rome, the 29th of April. etiam quatenus tieri possit, favorabiliter ; id.
que et Pontifex et Cardinales ambo constan. Your Highness's most humble Subjects, 9
ter asseverabant. Quum vero nos sæpius and poor Servants,
diceremus, excusatorem admitti debuisse, dirEdward Karne. erunt, si recte considerare velimus, nos idem Edmond Bonner. ipsum re habuisse ; si enim (aibant), Procu
rator hic constituatur, literæ Remissoriæ et mationibus, aliisque salutaribus monicis et Compulsoriæ decernentur, ad testes in parti- doctrinis super dicto matrimonio desuper re. bus examinandos. Itemq; vir aliquis probus spective habitis et factis; visisq; ulterius, ad id delegabitur ad utramq; partem, testes- et pari modo per nos inspectis, pactis seu que scil. examinandos, ita ut processus in fæderibus pacis et amicitiæ inter perennis partibus fiat; Atque hoc pacto nos id conse- famæ Henricum septimum nuper Regem Anqui quod desideramus, quoniam quod ad toti- gliæ, et dictum nobilis memoria Ferdinandum us causæ decisionem pertinet, ex eo quod de nuper Regem Hispaniæ desuper initis et facPontificis potestate cognoscendum, et de jure tis ; visis quoque peramplius, et diligenter Divino disceptandum sit, ac aliis etiam de per nos inspectis, omnibus et singulis actis, causis, ipsam Decisionem Pontifici integram actitatis, literis, processibus, instrumentis, semper reservari nihilominus oporteret, quam- scripturis, monumentis, rebusq; aliis univis causam alibi quam Romæ cognosci per- versis in dicta causa quomodolibet gestis et missum fuisset. Nobis certe visum est, haud factis, ac aliis omnibus et singulis per nos parum esse quod obtinuimus, longe enim pe- visis et inspectis, atq; a nobis cum diligentia jora timebamus, quum nemo in urbe esset, et maturitate ponderatis et recensitis, servaqui non crederet Excusatorem una cum suis tisq; ulterius per nos in hac parte de jure allegationibus rejectum iri. Hunc quidem servandis, necnon partibus prædictis, videeventum rei Cæsariani ægerrime tulerunt. licet præfato illustrissimo et potentissimo Optime valeat Majestas vestra. Rome die Principe Henrico Octavo per ejus Procura13 Julii 1532.
torem idoneum coram nobis in dicta causa Vestræ Regiæ Majestatis
legitime comparente, dicta vero Serenissima Hier. Episcopus Wigornien Domina Catharina per contumaciam absente,
W. Benet. cujus absentia Divina repleatur præsertia, de
quibus in hac parte communicavimus, ad
sententiam nostram definitivam sive finale XLVII.—The Sentence of Divorce. Decretum nostrum in dicta causa ferendam
sive ferendum sic duximus procedendum, et Anno Incarnationis millesimo quingentesimo tri
procedimus in hunc modum. Quia per acta cesimo tertio, Indictione sexta, Clementis Papæ
& actitata, deducta, proposita, exhibita, et aldecimo, mensis Muü vicesimo tertio, in Eccle
legata, probata pariter et confessata, articusia Conventuali Monasterii Sancti Petri Duna
lataque, capitulata, partis responsa, testium stabliæ, Ordinis Sancti Augustini Lincoln.
depositiones, et dicta instrumenta, monuDioces. nostri Cantuarien. Provinciæ.
menta, literas, scripturas, censuras, conclu[In an Inspeximus Rot. Pat. 25. siones Magistrales, opiniones, consilia, asReg. 2d Part.]
sertiones, affirmationes, tractatus et fædera Ix Dei Nomine, Amen. Nos Thomas Per- pacis, processus, res alias, et cætera promissa missione Divina Cantuarien. Archiepiscopus, coram nobis in dicta causa respective habita, totius Angliæ Primas, et Apostolicæ Sedis gesta, facta, exhibita et producta ; Necnon Legatus, in quadam causa inquisitionis de et ex eisdem, et diversis aliis ex causis et consuper viribus Matrimonii inter Illustrissimum siderationibus, argumentisq; et probationum et Potentissimum Principem et Dominum generibus variis, et multiplicibus, validis quinostrum Henricum Octavum Dei Gratia An- dem et efficacibus, quibus animum nostrum gliæ et Franciæ Regem, Fidei Defensorem et hac in parte ad plenum informavimus, plene Dominum Hiberniæ, ac Serenissimam Domi- et evidenter invenimus et comperimus dictum nam Catharinam nobilis memoria Ferdinandi Matrimonium inter præfatos Ilustrissimum Hispaniaruin Regis Filiam contracti et con- et Potentissimum Principem et Dominum summati, quæ coram nobis in judicio ex offi. nostrum Henricum Octavum, ac Serenissicio nostro mero aliquandiu vertebatur, et ad- mam Dominam Catharinam, ut præmittitur, huc vertitur, et pendet indecisa, rite et legi- contractum et consummatum, nullum et omtime procedentes, visis primitus per nos et nino invalidum fuisse et esse, et Divino Jure diligenter inspectis, articulis sive capitulis in prohibente contractum et consummatum exdicta causa objectis et ministratis, una cum titisse : Idcirco nos Thomas Archiepiscopus responsis eis ex parte dicti Illustrissimi et Primas et Legatus antedictus, Christi nomine Potentissimi Principis Henrici Octavi factis primitus invocato, ac solum Deum præ oculis et redditis, visisque et similiter per nos in- nostris habentes, pro nullitate et invaliditate spectis plurimorum Nobilium et aliorum tes- dicti Matrimonii pronunciamus, decernimus tium fide dignorum dictis et dispositionibus et declaramus, ipsumq; prætensum Matri. in eadem causa babitis et factis, visisq; præmonium fuisse et esse nullum et invalidum, terea et similiter per nos inspectis, quamplu- ac Divino Jure prohibente coutractum et conrium fere totius Christiani orbis Principaliun summatum, nulliusq; valoris aut momenti Academiarum Censuris ceu Conclusionibus esse, sed viribus et firmitate juris caruisse et Magistralibus, etiam tam Theologorum quam carere, præfatoq; Illustrissimo BotentisJurisperitorum responsis et opinionibus, utri- simo Principi Henrico Octavo
simæ asq; deniq; Provinciæ Anglicana Consilio- Dominæ Catharinæ non licere
præruin Provincialium assertionibus et affir- tenso Matrimonio remanere
mus, decernimus et declaramus; ipsosq; Il. it hath been ordained, used, and established, lustrissimum et Potentissimum Principem that no Person or Persons, of whatsoever Henricum Octavuin ac Serenissimam Domi. Estate, Degree, or Quality he or they were, Dam Catharinam, quatenus de facto et non should take or receive within this Realm of de jure dictum prætensuan Matrimonium ad England, to Farm, by any Procuracy, Writ, invicem contraxerunt et consummarunt, ab Letter of Attorney, Administrations, by In. invicem separamus et divorciamus, atq; sic denture, or by any other Mean, any Benefice, separatos el divorciatos, necnon ob omni vin- or other Promotion within this Realm, of culo Matrimoniali respectu dicti præteusi any Person or Persons, but only of the King's Matrimonii liberos et immunes fuisse et esse, true and lawful Subjects, being born under pronunciamus, decernimus et declaramus, per the King's Dominions. And also that no hanc nostram sententiam definitivam, sive Person or Persons, of what estate and dehoc nostrum finale Decretuin quam sive quod gree soever he or they were, by reason of ferimus et promulgamus in his scriptis. In any such Farm, Procuracie, Letter of Actorquorum præmissorum fidem et testimonium, ney, Administration, Indenture, or by any has literas nostras testimoniales, sive præscus other mean, as is aforesaid, should carry publicum sententiæ vel Decreti instrumen- conveigh, or cause to be carried and contum, exinde fieri ac per Notarios Publicos veighed out of this Realm, any Gold, Silver, subscriptos, scribas et actuarios nostros in ea Treasure, or other Commodity, by Letter of parte specialiter assumptos, subscribi et sig. Exchange, or by way of Merchandise, or pari, nostriy; sigilli appensione jussimus et otherwise, for any of the Causes aforesaid, fecimus communiri.
to the profit or commodity of any Alien, or He likewise passed Judgment (confirming the orber Stranger, being born out of this Realm,
King's Marriage with Queen Ann) al Lam- having any such Promotion Spiritual within beth, May 28, 1533, which is in the same the same, without license of the King's IfighInspeximus.
ness, by the advice of his Council, as by the same Laws, Stalutes, and Provisions, more
plainly at large it may appear; which said XLVIII.--Act 5. Anno Regni 25.
laudable Laws, Statutes, and Provisions,
were made, devised, and ordained, by great An Act concerning the Deprivations of the
ne policy and foresight of the King's most noble Bishops of Salisbury and Worcester. Progenitors, the Nobles and Commons of Wuere before this time the Church of this Realm, for the great profit, utility, and England, by the King's most noble Progeni- benefit of the same, to the intent thac the tors, and the Nobles of the same, have been Gold, Silver, Treasure, Riches, and other founded, ordained, and established in the Commodity of the same, by the occasion Estate and degree of Prelacic Dignities, and aforesaid, should not be exhausted, employ. other Promotions Spiritual, to the intent and ed, converted, and otherwise transported out purpose that the said Prelates, and other Per- of this Realm and Dominions of the same, to sons, having the said Dignities and Promo- the use, profit, and commodity of any Strantions Spiritual, continually should be abiding, ger being born out of tbis Realm, or ihe Doand Reseants upon their said Promotions minions of the same ; But only to be spent, within this Realm ; and also keep, use, and and used, and bestowed within the same, to exercise Hospitality, Divine Services, teach- the great comfort and consolation of the ing and preaching of the Laws of Almigh'y Subjects of this Realın. Notwithstanding God, to such Persons as were and have been which said wholesome Laws, Statutes, and within the precinct of their Promotions or Provisions, the King's Highness being a Dignities, for the Wealth of the Souls of Prince of great benignity and liberality, hav. their Givers and Founders, greatly to the ing no knowledg, nor other due information, honour of Almighty God. Of the which said or instruction of the same Laws, Statutes, Spiritual Persons, the King's Highness, and and Provisions, heretofore bath nominated, bis most noble Progenitors, have had right and preferred, and promoted, Laurence Camhonourable, and well leamed Personages, pegius Bishop of Sarum, with all the Spiri. apt, meet, and convenient, for to guide and tual and Temporal Possessions, Promotions instruct his Highness, and his must noble and other Emoluments and Commodities in Progenitors, in their Counsels, concerning any wise belonging or appertaining to the as well their Outward as Inward Affairs, to same: And also hath nominated, preferred, be devised and practised for the utility and and promoted, Hierome, being another Stran. preservation of this Realın ; by reason where- ger, born out of the King's said Realm and of the Issues, Revenues, Profits, and Trea- Dominions, to the See and Bishoprick of sure, rising and coming of the said Spiritual Worcester, with all the Spiritual and TemPromotions and Dignities, were and should poral Promotions, and other Emoluments and be spent, employed, and converted within Commodities, in any wise belonging or apthis Realm, to the great profit and commo- pertaining to the same. Which said two dity of the King's Subjects of the same. And Bishops, and namely the Bishop of Sarum, where also by the laudable Laws and Provi. nothing regarding their Duties to Almighty sions of this Realm, before this tiine made, God, nor their Cures of the said Bishoprická