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ballad the meafure is very 'un With an additional long syllables common.

our fourth Trochaick species would 3. The third fpecies consists be as follows: of three trochees;.

īdě, after dinněr, in his chair,
When thẻ feis wẻre rõāring,

Sat a farmer, ruddy, fat; and fair.
Phyllis lay deploring:

But this measure is very uncom. or of three trochees with an addi- mon. tional long syllable;

5. So is the fifth Trochaick Thče thč võīce thč dānce Obey.

species, consisting of five trochees; This is often mixed with the lam- whereof I do not remember to have bick of four feet, and makes an

feen a specimen in any printed agreeable variety, when judiciously' poem. introduced, as in the Allegro and All thăt walk on fõõt or ride in chariots; Peaferofo of Milton ;

All that dwell in palaces or garrets, Lamb. But come, thou goddess fair and free, This sort of verse, with an addi.

In heaven ycleped Euphrofyne, tional long Tyllable, might be thus Track. Come, and trip it as you go ;

exemplified: On the light fantastick toe.'

Pleafănt wās thě morning, and the month 4. The fourth Trochaick (pe. wăs Māj, cies 'confifts of four trochees:

Colin went to London in his best, array Days of eāfe and nights of pleasure Some Scotch ballads are in this Which followed alternately by the measure; but I know not whether preceding, forms a beautiful Lyrick I have ever seen a specimen in verse, whereof we have a specimen English. in one of the finest ballads in the

6. “ The fixth form of the pure English language:

English Trochaick confifts of fix Ās nčar Pörtöbəliš içing ūn thë gëntly trochees; whereof the following

couplet is an example: At asidnight with streamers flying Our Ön å mõūntă in strētch'd bčnēāti å hoārý triumphant navy rode.

willow It is remarkable, that (as Mr. Lay a shepherd-fwain, and view'd the rolling West has somewhere observed) the

billow; fame measure occurs in the Greek which is, I think, the longest Trotragedians, as in this of Euripides: chaick line that our language ad. Profkuno s'anax nomoifi barbaroifi pro

mits of. fpesona

• IV. The shortest poslible AAnd there is an elegant Latin poem napestick verse must be a fingle called Pervigilium Veneris, com

anapest :

Būt în vala monly ascribed to Catullus ; of which, allowing for some varieties

They complain. incident to the Latin Trochaick But this measure is ambiguous : verse, the measure is the fame: for, by laying the emphasis on the Ver novum, ver jam canorum ; vere nubent first and third fyllables, we might

make it Trochaick. And therefore Vere concordant amores; vere natus orbis eit. the first and simpleft form of our Προσκανω σ' αγαξ κομοισι βαρβαροισι προσπεσων

ana:

alites;

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amapestick verse is made up of two 3. The third form of the pure anapells:

English Anapestick consists of four Bắt hĩs cõurage gắn fail,

anapests ::.. HOT >> For no arts could avail.

At the close of thở dāy, when thë hãnlét

is still. or of two anapests with an addi. If I live to grow old, as I find I go down.tional Thort fyllable:

This measure, which resembles the Then his cõūrăge găn fail him, French heroick verse, is common in For no arts could avail him.

English fongs and ballads, and 2. The second consists of three other short compositions both coanapeits :

mical and serious. "It admits with hết miền hẽ enămoirs the brave, fhort fyllable at the end, With her wit the engages the free,

On the cold cheek of Death (miles and roles With her modesty pleates the grave;

are blending: She is every way pleasing to me. This is a delightful measure, and and fometimes also between the much ufed in paftoral songs. Shen- second and third foot, stone's ballad' in four parts, from in thë morning whěn sõběr, in thě ēvening

whěn meilów : which the example is quoted, is an exquisite specimen. So is the which is the longest form of the reScotch ballad of Tweedfide, and gular Anapestick in the English lanRowe's Despairing befide a clear guage. Areani; which lait is perhaps the " To one or other of these fem. finett love-song in the world. And ven lambick, fix Trochaick, and that the same measure is well suit- three Anapestick, species, every line ed to burlesque, appears from the of English poetry, if we except very humourous ballad called The those few that are composed of tippling Philosophers; which be- ' dactyls, may be reduced. I have gins thus, Diogenes furly and proud, given only the fimpleft form of &c. Observe, that this, like all each. The several licences or vathe other anapestick forms, often riations, that these simple forms ad. (indeed for the most part) takes an mit of, might be without difficulty iambus in the first place,

enumerated: but I cannot at prea Despairing běsíde a clear stream;

sent enter into the niceties of Enge

lih prosody. and formerly in the first and third,

Sidney endeavoured to bring Grim king of the ghosts, măke hāste, in English hexameters, and has And bring hither all your train :

given specimens of them in the But this last variety is unpleasing Arcadia. And Wallis, in his to a modern ear.- With an addio grammar, translates a Latin hexational short fyllable, it is as fol. meter, lows;

Quid faciam? moriar? et Amyntam perdet Säys my uncle, i prāy' you discověr

Amyntas? Why you pine and you whine like a lover:

into an English one, which, used alternately with the preceding, makes the measure of the What shall I do? shall I die ? fhall Amyntao

murder Amyntas? witty ballad of Molly Mog, written by Gay, and often imitated. Mr. Walpole, in his catalogue of

Royal

Royal and Noble authors, afcribes of fom of the tales, but of many the following to Queen Eliza. it certainly is not. We find our beth:

felves frequently affected both with Pertius a crab-staff, bawdy Martial, Ovid tions, in reading the Arabian Nights

horror, and with pleasing sensa. a fine wag.

Entertainments, by the mere force But this sort of verfe has never ob- of situation and description; and tained any footing in our poetry: we are much mistaken if that coland I think I could prove, from lection of fables has not often given the peculiarities of its rhythm, that rise in its readers to ideas both of it never can."

a sublime and beautiful nature. The three remaining essays are In speaking of the rise and pro. of a nature much lefs abftrufe, and gress of modern romance, Dr. Beatless complicated with those subtle. tie takes an opportunity of introties which are almost inseparable ducing an account of the charaéter from subjects of a scientific nature, of those nations who introduced than any of the foregoing disserta- the feudal government and man, tions.

ners, and of the crusades, and that The first is on Fable and Romance, spirit of chivalry and knight-erran. the fecond on the Attachments of try which succeeded, as the natural Kindred, and the third contains offspring of the feudal manners, Illustrations on Sublimity. In the and government. fut of these, after some general re In the Essay on the Attachments, marks on ancient and Oriental profe of Kindred, Dr.-Beattie discusses fable, he proceeds to modern profe the three questions following, “ 1., fable, which he divides into four Whether it is according to pacare, claffes. 1. The historical allegory; that the married persons lould be 2. The moral allegory; 3. The only two, one man and one wopoetical and serious fable ; 4. The man : 2. Whether the matrimonial poetical and comic fable, of which union should last through the whole the two laft he comprehends under life: 3. Whether the rearing and the general term Romance.

educating of children should be left Under each of these several to the parents, or provided for by heads he has claffed a variety of the publick.” With regard to the authors, according to the nature of first question, Dr. Beattie founds their writings; and has given a his reasons against polygamy upon critique upon each: For the most the following principlesmos. That it part his observations are made with is against the intention of nature, great judgment, and a just con who having given all men propenception of their respective merits, ficies alike that prompt to an union although we cannot in every refpect betwixt the sexes, must have in agree with him. As, for instance, tended that all should enjoy the we differ with him when he says, happiness resulting from it-that if that in the Arabian Nights Enter. polygamy was to prevail, this would tainments " there is great luxury be impossible, because, agreeable co of description without elegance'; every computation, the males exand great variety of invention, but ceed the females :--2dly, That nothing that elevates the mind, or polygamy is inconfistent with that.' touches the heart," This is true affection' wbich married people

ought

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ought to bear to one another : the author's heart and undertand

zaly, That it deftroys the peace of ing. families, and therefore ftands in The book concludes with Illuftradirect opposition to one of the chief tions on Sublimity. The different ends of the matrimonial union : sources of the fublime are collected 4thly, That it is subversive of filial and displayed in a very judicious and parental affection, must be in- and critical manner in this treatife, confiftent with the right education as well those which arise from exof children, and so counteract an ternal and sensible objects, as from other chief end of marriage." poetry.

In answer to the second question, * Poetry," he says, “ becomes Whether the matrimonial union sublime in many ways.ought to last through the whole When it elevates the mind by life : Dr. Beattie says it ought, and sentiments so happily conceived this he infers from the following and expressed, as to raise our afprinciples,-" That it tends to fe&tions above the low pursuits of wards our making a deliberate fenfuality and avarice, and animate choice :-dly, That as those who us with the love of, virtue and boare united by friendhip have the best nour," As an intance of this, be chance of being happy, and as true gives that fine line in Virgil, where friendship requires a permanent u. Evander addresses himself to Æ. nion, such an union is most likely neas to be happy:-3dly, That the re- Aude, hospes, contemnere opes; et to verse of such an union would debase

quoque dignum those ideas of delicacy, wherewith Finge Deo."the intercourse of the sexes ought 2. “ Poetry is sublime when it always to be accompanied : 4thly, conveys a lively idea of any grand That it would be fatal to the eduw appearance in art or nature." cation of children, whole parents 3. " When without any great might be totally engrossed by other pomp of images or of words it inconnections."

fuses horror by a happy choice of In examining the third question, circumstances.--4. When it Whether the rearing and educating awakens in the mind any great or of children should be left to the good affection, as piety or patrioparents, or provided for by the tism.” This division seems to be public ? Dr. Beattie endeavours, included, in our opinion, under the and successfully, to overturn Pla- first head. to's theory on this subject. Indeed

5.

" When it describes in a live. Plato's support of this theory is fo ly manner the visible effects of any weak and absurd, so completely of those pasions that give elevation contradicts every feeling and sentia to the character.” ment that nature has implanted in Under each of these heads Dr. us, that fo far from promising Beattie has given several appofte any political good, it scarcely leaves examples. He concludes by enga; a fingle source from which ihe best merating a variety of those faults and greatest of all our actions must in style and expreflion, which are flow, or not at all. This Essay inimical to, and destroy sublimity gerrainly does great honour both to in writing.

THE

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Retrospective view of affairs in India. Benares. Transactions which

led to the dependance of that country on the East India company. The Rajab Bulwant Sing, baving taken a decided part in their favour, in the war against his paramount lord, Sujah Ul Dowlah, his territories are secured to him by the treaty of Illahabad. Investiture of Cheit Sing, upon the death of his father Bulwant, and a new treaty coną cluded in favour of the family by Major Harper. A third treaty, in confirmation of the two former, concluded by Mr. Hastings, who is bimself a party to it, and renders the company guarantees of the Rajab's poltellions. Upon the death of Sujah Ui Dowlab, the Nabob vizier, the fovereignty of Benares is transferred by his succesor to the company. Extraordinary subsidies demanded and levied from the 'Rajah, Cbeit Sing, on occasion of the war with France, lay the foundation of those differences which took place between him and the government of Calcutta.

A supply of 2,000 cavalry demanded from the Rajah, Charges of difaffection and contumacy laid against him. Governor general's progress from Calcutta, to settle the affairs of Benares, and other countries, Proceeds up the Ganges to Buxar, where he is met by the Rajah, with a great attendance and number of boats. Different accounts of the conference on the water. Rajah's visit at Benares forbidden. Rajah taken into custody : rescued, and the jepoys, with their officers, masacred. He flies first 10 Ramnagur, and froin thence retires in the night to the fortress of Lutteef poor. Oufaun Sing appointed by the governor general to adminifter the affairs of the country in the place of the Rajah.

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