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Enter a MESSENGER.
Mess. Prepare you, lords, for Edward is at band,
Ready to fight; therefore be resolute.
Orf. I thought no less: it is his policy, To haste thus fast, to find us unprovided.
Som. But he's deceiv'd, we are in readiness. Q. Mar. This cheers my heart, to see your forwardness.
Oxf. Here pitch our battle, hence we will not budge.
March. Enter at a distance, King EDWARD, CLARENCE, GLOSTER, and Forces.
K. Edw. Brave followers, yonder stauds the thorny wood,
Which, by the heavens' assistance, and your
Oxf. For my part, I will not trouble thee with words.
Som. Nor I, but stoop with patience to my fortune.
[Exeunt OXFORD and SOMERSET, guarded. Q. Mar. So part we sadly in this troublous world,
To meet with joy in sweet Jerusalem.
And ne'er have stol'n the breech from Lan
Prince. Let Esop⚫ fable in a winter's night; His currish riddles sort not with this place. Glo. By heaven, brat, I'll plague you for that word.
Q. Mar. Ay, thou wast born to be a plague
Glo. For God's sake, take away this captive scold.
Prince. Nay, take away this scolding crook. back rather.
K. Edw. Peace, wilful boy, or I will charm ↑ your tongue.
Clar. Untutor'd lad, thou art too malapert.
I am your better, traitors as ye are ;-
Glo. Sprawl'st thou ? agony.
Clar. And there's for
[Stabs him. take that, to end thy
[GLO. stabs him. twitting me with per
Q. Mar. O kill me too! Glo. Marry, and shall.
CLAR. stabs him.
[Offers to kill her.
K. Edw. Hold, Richard, hold, for we have
done too much.
They that stabb'd Cæsar shed no blood at all,
K. Edw. Is proclamation made, that, who But, if you ever chance to have a child,
Shall have a high reward, and he is life?
Enter Soldiers with Prince EDWARD.
K. Edw. Bring forth the gallant, let us hear bim speak:
What! can so young a thorn begin to prick?
Suppose, that I am now my father's mouth; Resign thy chair, and, where I stand, kneel thou,
Whilst I propose the self-same words to thee, Which, traitor, thou wouldst have me answer
Look in his youth to have him so cut off, As, deathsmen! you have rid this sweet young prince!
K. Edw. Away with her; go, bear her hence perforce.
Q. Mar. Nay, never bear me hence, despatch me here; [death: Here sheath thy sword, I'll pardon thee my death: What wilt thou not?-then, Clarence, do it thou.
Clar. By heaven, I will not do thee so much
Q. Mar. Good Clarence, do; sweet Clarence, do thou do it.
Clar. Didst thou not hear me swear I would not do it.
K. Mar. Ay, but thou usest to forswear thy'Twas sin before, but now 'tis charity. [self; What! wilt thou not? where is that devil's
• The Prince calls Richard, for his crookedness, Harp, 1. e. I will compel you to be as silent as if you weřa deprived of speech by euchantment.
1 Dispute; contention.
Hard favour'd Richard? Richard, where thou?
art Shall rue the hour that ever thon wast born.
Thou art not here: Murder is thy alms-deed;
Q. Mar. So come to you and your's, as to
K. Edw. He's sudden, if a thing comes in his head.
Now march we hence: discharge the common
With pay and thanks, and let's away to London, And see our gentle queen how well she fares; By this, I hope, she hath a sou for me.
[Exeunt. SCENE VI.-London.-A Room in the Tower.
King HENRY is discovered sitting with a Book in his Hand, the Lieutenant attending. Enter GLOSTER.
Glo. Good day, my lord! What, at your book so hard?
K. Hen. Ay, my good lord: My lord, I should say rather
'Tis sin to flatter, good was little better: Good Gloster and good devil were alike, And both preposterous; therefore, not good lord.
Glo. Sirrah, leave us to ourselves: we must confer. [Exit Lieutenant. K. Hen. So flies the reckless shepherd from the wolf:
So first the harmless sheep doth yield his fleece, And next his throat unto the butcher's knife.What scene of death hath Roscius now to act? Glo. Suspicion always haunts the guilty mind;
The thief doth fear each bush an officer.
K. Hen. The bird that hath been limed in a
With trembling wings misdoubteth f every bush :
Glo. Why, what a peevish fool was that of
That taught his son the office of a fowl?
K. Hen. I, Dædalus; my poor boy, Icarus
Glo. Thy son I kill'd for his presumption.
thou didst presume,
Thou hadst not liv'd to kill a son of mine,
And many an orphan's water-standing eye;
And orphans for their parents' timeless death;
• Careless. + To misdoubt is to suspect danger, to fear. Ch.lish. No part of what my fears presage.
The raven rook'd her on the chimney's top,
To wit, an indigest deformed lump,
To signify, thou cam'st to bite the world:
Glo. I'll hear no more ;-Die, prophet, in thy
O God! forgive my sius, and pardon thee!
Glo. What, will the aspiring blood of Lan
Sink in the ground? I thought it would have mounted. See,
how my sword weeps for the poor king's death!
O may such purple tears be always shed
If any spark of life be yet remaining,
Then since the heavens have shap'd my body 80,
Let hell make crook'd my mind to answer it.
Be resident in men like one another,
But I will sort + a pitchy day for thee:
For hardy and undoubted champions :
With them the two brave bears, Warwick and
That in their chains fetter'd the kingly lion,
For yet I am not look'd on in the world.
Work thou the way,-and thou shalt execute.
[Aside. K. Edw. Clarence and Gloster, love my lovely queen, And kiss your princely nephew, brothers both. Clar. The duty that I owe unto your majesty, seal upon the lips of this sweet babe.
K. Edw. Now am I seated as my soul depeace, and brothers'
lights, Having my country's
loves. Clar. What will your grace have done with Margaret?
Reignier, her father, to the king of France
And now what rests, but that we spend the time
With stately triumphs, mirthful comic shows, Such as bent the pleasures of the court?Sound, drums and trumpets I-farewell, sour annoy !
For here, I hope, begins our lasting joy.
• Public shows.
LIFE AND DEATH
KING RICHARD III.
LITERARY AND HISTORICAL NOTICE.
IN this very popular tragedy, there is another specimen of historical jumble, and poetical license. The second scene commences with the funeral of Heury VI. who is said to have been murdered in May, 1471, whilst the imprisonment of Clarence, which did not take place till 1478, is represented in the first. Thus the real length of time comprised in this drama, (dating from the former event) is fourteen years; as it concludes with the death of Richard, at Bosworth Field, in August, 1485. With respect to Richard's character, though greetly blackened by Lancasterian historians, he was certainly one of the most odious tyrants that ever obtained possession of a throne. Yet it appears from some accounts still preserved in the Exchequer, that King Henry lived twenty-two days after the time assigned for his pretended assassination; that his body lay in state at St. Paul's, and that it was afterwards interred at Chertsey, with much solemnity. Shakspeare has made the usurper deformed in figure, as well as in mind; though popular detestation had probably aggravated the tra ditionary story of his bodily defects. In this drama, the events appear admirably connected with, and consequential to, each other: the characters and incidents are natural; the sentiment and language free from bombast. But Malone and Dr. Johnson consider it as popular beyond its merits; with "some parts trifling, others shocking, and some improbable:" whilst Stevens maintains, that above all others the tragedy of Richard must command approbation, as it is indefinitely variegated, and comprehends every species of cha racter" the hero, the lover, the statesman, the buffoon, the hypocrite, and the hardened or repentant sinner." Its present success in representation, is, however, chiefly attributable to the admirable alterations of Colly Cibber, which evince a very extensive and settled knowledge of stage effect, and by which reformations the more valuable parts of the piece, could alone have attained their present effect and consequence. Shaks peare probably formed the play in 1591; though he is not supposed to have been indebted to any of the nume rous existing compositions on the same subject.
KING EDWARD THE FOURTH.
SIR THOMAS VAUGHAN.-SIR RICHARD RAT-
EDWARD, Prince of Wales, after-Sons to the SIR WILLIAM CATESBY.-SIR JAMES TYREL
wards King Edward V.
RICHARD, Duke of York.
GEORGE, Duke of Clarence,
RICHARD, Duke of Gloster, afterwards King Richard III.)
A young Son of Clarence.
CARDINAL BOUCHIER, Archbishop of Canter-
THOMAS ROTHERAM, Archbishop of York.
DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.
DUKE OF NORFOLK: EARL OF SURREY, his
EARL RIVERS, Brother to King Edward's
MARQUIS OF DORSET, and LORD GREY, her
SIR JAMES BLOUNT.-SIR WALTER HERBERT.
CHRISTOPHER URSWICK, a Priest.-Another
ELIZABETH, Queen of King Edward IV.
Lords and other Attendants; two Gentlemen,