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And speak, between the change of man and boy,
Above a twelvemonth :-I have within my mind
Ner. Why, shall we turn to men?
SCENE V.-The same.-A Garden.
Enter LAUNCELOT and JESSICA. Laun. Yes, truly :-for, look you, the sins of the father are to be laid upon the children; I was therefore, I promise you, I fear you. always plain with you, and so now I speak my agitation of the matter: Therefore, be of good cheer; for, truly, I think, you are damn'd. There is but one hope in it that can do you any good; and that is but a kind of bastard hope neither.
Jes. And what hope is that, I pray thee?
Laun. Marry, you may partly hope that your father got you not, that you are not the Jew's daughter.
Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, indeed; so the sins of my mother should be visited upon me.
Laun. Truly then I fear you are damn'd both by father and mother: thus when I shun Scyila, your father, I fall into Charybdis, your mother well, you are gone both ways.
Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he hath made me a Christian.
Laun. Truly the more to blame he: we were Christians enough before; e'en as many as could well live, one by another: This making of Christians will raise the price of hogs; if we grow all to be pork-eaters, we shall not shortly have a rasher on the coals for money.
Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what you say; here he comes.
Lor. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, Launcelot, if you thus get my wife into corners. Jes. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; Launcelot and I are out: he tells me flatly, there is no mercy for me in heaven, because I am a Jew's daughter: and he says you are no good member of the commonwealth; for, in convert ing Jews to Christians, you raise the price of pork. Lor. I shall answer that better to the commonwealth, than you can the getting up of the negro's belly: the Moor is with child by you, Launcelot,
Laun. It is inuch, that the Moor should be more than reason: but if she be less than an honest woman, she is, indeed, more than I took her for.
Lor. How every fool can play upon the word! I think, the best grace of wit will shortly turn into silence; and discourse grow commendable in none only but parrots.-Go in, sirrah; bid them prepare for dinner.
Laun. That is done, Sir; they have all stomachs.
Lor. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are you! then bid them prepare dinner.
Laun. That is done too, Sir; only, cover is the word.
Lor. Will you cover then, Sir?
Laun. Not so, Sir, neither; I know my duty. Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Wilt thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in an instant? I pray thee, understand a plain man in his plain meaning: go to thy fellows; bid them cover the table, serve in the meat, and we will come in to dinner.
Laun. For the table, Sir, it shall be served in; for the meat, Sir, it shall be covered: for your coming in to dinner, Sir, why, let it be as humours and conceits shall govern. [Exit LAUNCELOT. Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are suited !
The fool hath planted in his memory
Lor. Even such a husband
Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that.
Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-
Jes. Well, I'll set you forth.
SCENE I.-Venice.-A Court of Justice.
Duke. What, is Antonio here?
A stony adversary, au inhuman wretch
Ant. I have heard,
And that no lawful means can carry me
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the
Salan. He's ready at the door: he comes, my lord.
Thou'lt show thy mercy, and remorse, more strange
Than is thy strange apparent cruelty:
Thou wilt not only loose the forfeiture,
We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.
Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no wrong?
You have among you many a purchas'd slave, Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules,
You use in abject and in slavish parts,
The slaves are our's :-So do I answer you :
Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I stand for judgment: answer; shall I have it?
And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn,
As there is no firm reason to be render'd,
A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd?
Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my
You may as well go stand upon the beach,
His Jewish heart :-Therefore, I do beseech you,
Sky. If every ducat in six thousand ducats, Were in six parts, and every part a ducat, I would not draw them, I would have my bond. Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, reu d'ring none?
Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this
Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood.
Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt there.
Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew,
Thou mak'st thy knife keen: but no metal can, No, not the hangman's ax, bear half the keen
Of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee? Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to
Gra. Oh! be thou damn'd, inexorable dog!
Even from the gallows did his fel! soul fleet,
Shy. 'Till thou can'st rail the seal from off my
Thon but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud:
Duke. This letter from Bellario doth com
Go, give him courteous conduct to this place.Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. [Clerk, reads.] Your grace shall understand, that, at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick: but in the instant that your mes•
Por. It must not be; there is no power in
senger came, in loving visitation was with
Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what he
wise young judge, how do I honour thee!
Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul?
Por. Why, this bond is forfeit ;
And here, I take it, is the doctor come.-
Por. I did, my lord.
Duke. You are welcome: take your place.
Por. Is your name Shylock?
Shy. Shylock is my name.
Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow;
Aut. Ay, so he says.
Por. Do you confess the bond?
Por. Then must the Jew be merciful.
Shy. On what compulsion must I? tell me
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd;
Shy. My deeds upon my head! I crave the The penalty and forfeit of my bond.
Por. Is he not able to discharge the money?
Yea, twice the sum: if that will not suffice,
Wrest once the law to your authority:
• Reach or controul,
You know the law, your exposition
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court
Por. Why then, thus it is,
You must prepare your bosom for his knife:
How much more elder art thou than thy looks!
Shy. Ay, his breast:
So says the bond;-Doth it not, noble judge?-
Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to weigh
Shy. I have them ready.
Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your
To stop his wounds, lest be do bleed to death.
Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond.
Ant. But little; I am arm'd, and well pre-
Give me your band, Bassanio; fare you well!
Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wife,
Por. Your wife would give you little thanks
If she were by to hear you make the offer.
Gra. I have a wife, whom, I protest, I love; I would she were in heaven, so she could Entreat some power to change this currish Jew. Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back; The wish would make else an unquiet house. Shy. These be the Christian husbands: I have a daughter
"Would, any of the stock of Barrabas Had been her husband, rather than a Christian! [Aside.
We triße time; I pray thee, pursue sentence. Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is thine;
The court awards it, and the law doth give it.
Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his breast;
The law allows it, and the court awards it. Shy. Most learned judge!-A sentence; come, prepare.
Por. Tarry a little ;-there is something else.This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; The words expressly are, a pound of flesh : Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound flesh;
But, in the cutting it, if thou dost shed
Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
Gra. O upright judge!-Mark, Jew ;-0 learned judge!
Shy. Is that the law?
Por. Thyself shalt see the act:
For, as thon urgest justice, be assur'd,
Thou shalt have justice more than thou desir'st. Gra. O learned judge !-Mark, Jew;-a learned judge!
Shy. I take this offer then ;-pay the bond thrice,
And let the Christian go.
Bass. Here is the money.
[haste ;The Jew shall have all justice ;-soft!-no He shall have nothing but the penalty.
Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge!
Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the flesh.
Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor
But just a pound of flesh if thou tak'st more,
Of one poor scruple; nay, if the scale do turn
Por. Why doth the Jew pause? take the forfeiture.
In which predicament, I say, thou stand'st:
Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is. Por. He hath refus'd it in the open court; He shall have merely justice and his bond. Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel !I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal? Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfei
To be so taken at thy peril, Jew.
And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Thou hast not left the value of a cord: Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state's charge.
Duke. That thou shalt see the difference of our spirit,
I pardon thee thy life before thou ask it :
Por. Ay, for the state; not for Autovio.
You take my house, when you do take the prop That doth sustain my house; you take my life, When you do take the means whereby I live.
Por. What mercy can you render him, Au
Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else; for God's sake.
Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the court,
To quit the fine for one half of his goods;
I am content, so he will let me have
He presently become a Christian;
Duke. He shall do this; or else I do recant
Shy. I am content.
Por. Clerk, draw a deed of gift,
Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from
I am not well; send the deed after me,
And I will sign it.
Duke. Get thee gone, but do it.
Gra. In christening thou shalt have two godfathers;
Had I been judge, thou should'st have had ten
To bring thee to the gailows, not the font.
Duke. Sir, I entreat you home with me to dinner.
Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon; I must away this night toward Padua, And it is meet, I presently set forth.
Duke. I am sorry, that your leisure serves you not.
Antonio, gratify this gentleman;
[Exeunt DUKE, Magnificoes, and Train. Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my
Have, by your wisdom, been this day acquitted
Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof,
Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew,
In love and service to you evermore.
Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied;
I pray you, know me, when we meet again;
I wish you well, and so I take my leave. Bass. Dear Sir, of force I must attempt you further;
Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute, Not as a fee: grant me two things, I pray you,
Not to deny me, and to pardon me.
Por. You press me far, and therefore I will yield.
Give me your gloves, I'll wear them for your sake;
And, for your love, I'll take this ring from you :
Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no
And you in love shall not deny me this.
Bass. This ring, good Sir,-alas, it is a trifle, I will not shame myself to give you this.
Por. I will have nothing else but only this; And now, methinks, I have a mind to it.
Bass. There's more depends on this, than on the value.
The dearest ring in Venice will I give you,
Por. I see, Sir, you are liberal in offers:
And, when she put it on, she made me vow, That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it. Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save their gifts.
And if your wife be not a mad woman,
Let his deservings, and my love withal,
Unto Antonio's house :-away, make haste.
SCENE II.-The same.-A Street.
Enter PORTIA and NERISSA.
SCENE I.-Belmont.-Avenue to PORTIA
Enter LORENZO and JESSICA.
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees,
Jes. In such a night,
Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew;
Lor. In such a night,
Stood Dido with a willow in her hand
Jes. In such a night,
Medea gather'd the enchanted herbs
Lor. In such a night,
Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew:
Jes. And in such a night,
Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well;
Lor. And in such a night,
Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew,
My mistress will before the break of day
Lor. Who comes with her?
hermit, and her
Por. Inquire the Jew's house out, give him I pray you, is my master yet return'd?
And let him sign it; we'll away to-night, And be a day before our husbands home: This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo.
Gra. Fair Sir, you are well overtaken : My lord Bassanio, upon more advice, * Hath sent you here this ring, and doth entreat Your company at dinner.
Por. That cannot be :
This ring I do accept most thankfully,
I pray you, show my youth old Shylock's house.
Gra. That will I do.
Ner. Sir, I would speak with you :I'll see if I can get my husband's ring,
[TO PORTIA. Which I did make him swear to keep for ever. Por. Thou may'st, I warrant: We shall have old swearing,
That they did give the rings away to men ;
Ner. Come, good Sir, will you show me to
Laun. Tell him, there's a post come from my master, with his horn full of good news; my [Exit. master will be here ere morning.
Lor. Sweet soul, let's in, and there expect their coming.
And yet no matter;-Why should we go in?