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returning my grateful acknowledgments to the many friends to whom I am inuch indebted :-particularly to Archdeacon Wrangham, with the feeling of more than forty years' uninterrupted friendship;—to my intelligent friend, B. Heywood Bright, for his important co-operation and valuable communication from the Tanner Manuscripts ;-to my dear friend, William Wood, for his encouragement during the progress of the work, and for his admirable translation of the Novum Organum. How impossible is it for me to express my obligations to the sweet taste of her to whom I am indebted for every blessing of my life!

I am well aware of the many faults with which the work abounds, and particularly of the occasional repetitions. I must trust to the lenient sentence of my reader, after he has been informed that it was not pursued in the undisturbed quiet of literary leisure, but in the few hours which could be rescued from arduous professional duties; not carefully composed by a student in his pensive citadel, but by a daily “delver in the laborious mine of the law,” where the vexed printer frequently waited till the impatient client was despatched; and that, to publish it as it is, I have been compelled to forego many advantages; to relinquish many of the enjoyments of social life, and to sacrifice not only the society, but even the correspondence of friends very dear to me. I ask, and I am sure I shall not ask in vain, for their forgiveness. One friend the grave has closed over, who cheered me in my task when I was weary, and better able, from his rich and compres hensive mind, to detect errors, than any man, was always more happy to encourage and to commend. Wise as the serpent, gall-less as the dove, pious ard pure of heart, tender, affectionate, and forgiving, this, and more than this, I can say, after the trial of forty years, was my friend and instructor, Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

I am now to quit forever a work upon which I have so long and so happily been engaged. I must separate from my companion, my familiar friend, with whom, for more than thirty years, I have taken sweet counsel. With a deep feeling of humility I think of the conclusion of my labours; but I think of it with that satisfaction ever attendant upon the hope of being an instrument of you. “ Power to do good is the true and lawful end of aspiring. Merit and youd works is the end of man's motion, and conscience of the same is the accompliskiment of man's rest; for, if man can be a partaker of God's theatre, he will be a partaker of God's rest.” 1

I please myself with the hope that I may induce some young man, who, at luis entrance into life, is anxious to do justice to his powers, to enjoy that “suavissima vita indies sentire se fieri meliorem," to look into the works of our illustrious countryman. I venture also to hope that, in these times of inquiry, the works oi this philosopher may, without interfering with academical studies, be deemed deserving the consideration of our universities, framed, as they so wisely are, for the diffusion of the knowledge of our predecessors. Perhaps some opulent member of the university, when considering how he may extend to future tinies the blessings which he has enjoyed in his pilgrimage, may think that, in the University of Cambridge, a Verulamian Professorship might be productive or

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1 Essay on Great Place.

good:—but these expectations may be the illusions of a lover; and it is not given to man to love and to be wise.—There are, however, pleasures of which nothing can bereave me; the consciousness that I have endeavoured to render some assistance to science and to the profession, the noble, intellectual profession of which I am a member. How deeply, how gratefully do I feel; with what a lofty spirit and sweet content do I think of the constant kindness of my many, many friends!

And now, for the last time, I use the words of Lord Bacon: “Being at some pause, looking back into that I have passed through, this writing seemeth to me, “si nunquam fallit imago,' as far as a man can judge of his own work, not much better than the noise or sound which musicians make while they are tuning their instruments, which is nothing pleasant to hear, but yet is a cause why the music is sweeter afterwards: so have I been content to tune the instruments of the muses, that they may play that have better hands."

To posterity and distant ages Bacon bequeathed his good name, and posterity and distant ages will do him ample justice. Wisdom herself has suffered in his disgrace, but year after year brings to light proof of the arts that worked Bacon's downfall, and covered his character with obloquy. He will find some future historian who, assisted by the patient labours of the present editor, with all his zeal and tenfold his ability; with power equal to the work, and leisure to pursue it, will dig the statue from the rubbish which may yet deface it; and, obliterating one by one the paltry libels scrawled upon its base, will place it, to the honour of true science, in a temple worthy of his greatness.


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November 17, 1834.


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po room the publication of the Wisdom of the An-

cients to the publication of the Novum Or-

Marshalsea. Charter House. Death of the

Prince. Essays. Prosecution of Lord San-
quhar. Confession of Faith. Attorney-Gene-
ral. Parliament of 1614. Duelling. Under-
takers. Benevolences. St. John. Peacham.
Consulting the Judges. Owen. Villiers.
Political advice to Villiers,

Somerset. Disputes between King's Bench
and Chancery. Privy counsellor. Resig-
nation and death of Lord Brackley. Lord
Keeper. His pecuniary loss. Presents to
the monarch and officers of state. To the
Lord Keeper. To Judges.

Abolition in
France of the Epices. King's journey to
Scotland. Takes his seat in Chancery. His
address. Jurisdiction. Patents. Delays.
Expense. Spanish match. Marriage of Sir
John Villiers. Finance. Civil list. Lord
Chancellor. Wrenham. Dulwich. Dutch
merchants. Lord Suffolk. Buckingham
receives £20,000 for the place of Lord Trea-

Bacon's judicial exertions. Buck-
ingham's interference. Slander of Wrayn-
ham. Presents in the case of Egerton and
Iigerton. In Aubrey and Bronker. From
grocers and apothecaries. Hody and Hody.
lord Clifford threatens to assassinate the
Chancellor. Law reporters. Ordinances in
Chancery. Judges, character of. Gardens,
Bacon's delight in. Lincoln's Inn Fields.
Ciorhambury. His philosophical house.
Alienation office. York house. His sixti-
eth birth-day. Ben Jonson's poem..


stances, solitary, travelling, journeying, con-
'stituent, patent, maxima, frontier, singular,
divorced, deviating, crucial. Differences.
Parliamentary proceedings. Charge of bri-
bery. Decision against donors. Presents
advised by counsel. Custom of receiving
presents. Error of judging of past by pre-
sent times. Presents made by men of emi-

Presents of furniture. Presents
customary. No influence on judgment.
Particular charges. Fears of the king and
Buckingham. Advice of Williams. Inter-
view with the king. Meeting of Parliament.
King's speech. Letter to the Lords. Let-
ter to the king. Sentence. His silence.
Letter from the tower. Letter to the king.
Lambeth library. His will. Silence of
friends. Tennison. Bushel. Williams,
Lord Keeper ....




From his Fall to his Death.
Imprisonment of Bacon. Liberation. Re-

lease of fine. History of Henry VII. Great-
ness of states. Familiar illustrations. His
piety. Eton College. De Augmentis. His-
tory of Life and Death. Importance of
knowledge of the body. Consumption.
Vital spirit. All bodies have a spirit. Flight.
Death. Importance of science of animal
spirit. Bacon's works after his retirement.
Gondomar. D'Effat. Sir Julius Cæsar.
Selden. Ben Jonson. Meautys. Bacon's
pardon. Death of James. Decline of Ba-
con's health. Apophthegms. Psalms. Con-
fession of faith. Prayers. Student's prayer.
Author's prayer. Chancellor's prayer. Pray-
ers in the Instauration-in the De Aug.
mentis—in the Novum Organum-in the
Instauratio, third part--in the minor pub-
lications. Paradoxes. Letters. Skepti-
cism, nature of. Rawley's statement. Ba-
con's will. Cause of Bacon's death. Ba-
con's last letter. Opening of Bacon's will.
Funeral. Monument. Meautys. Bacon's
temperament. Bacon's person. His mind.
Extent of views. Senses. Imagination.
Understanding. Temporary inability to ac-
quire knowledge. Particular. Studies. Me-
mory. Composition. · Causes of Bacon's
entering active life. Bacon's entrance into
active life. His motive for reform. Re-
former. Bacon as a lawyer - Judge-Pa-



from the publication of the Novum Organum to

his retirement from active life.
Resolution to publish Novum Organum. Liter-

ate experience. Division of Instauratio
Magna. Division of the Sciences. Novum
Organum. Our powers. Defects of the

Division of Idols. Idols of the
Tribe: of the Market : of the Den: of the
Theatre. Destruction of Idols. Our mo-
tives for acquiring knowledge. Obstacles to
acquiring knowledge. Want of time. Want
of means. Right road. Formation of opi-
nion. Affirmative table. Negative table.
Table of comparisons. Table of results. In-



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tron-Statesman, Reform as Statesman and

. 45. Building

Lawyer—as Statesman. Reform of law.

46. Gardens


His private life. Conversation. Wit. Re-

47. Negotiating

ligious. Conclusion

48. Followers and Friends

49. Suitors

50. Stadies.. V.


51. Faction.


52. Ceremonies and Respects :

53. Praise ....

54. Vainglory


3. Unity in Religion


55. Honour and Reputation..

rate Revenge.

56. Judicature...


5. Adversity

57. Anger


6. Simulation and Dissimuļation kop. X

58. Vicissitude of Things

Parents and Children



16. Marriage and Single Life X.....x

9. Bary


A Fragment of an Essay of Fame....... 62

Vlo. Love

Of a King

11. Great Placelo...


12. Boldness


13. Goodness, and Goodness of Nature. 21

The Works of God and Man.....


14. Nobility

The Miracles of our Saviour


15. Seditions and Troubles


The Innocency of the Dove, and the Wis.

V16. Atheism


dom of the Serpent ......


17. Superstition

The Exaltation of Charity .


18. Travel .....


The Moderation of Cares...

19. Empire.


Earthly Hope

20. Counsel



21. Delays



22. Cunning

The several kinds of Imposture

23. Wisdom for a Man's self V... gia



24. Innovations.



25. Despatch


The Church and the Scripture

26. Seeming wise



w. Friendship. F.....

28. Expense ....


29. The true Greatness of Kingdoms and




Mr. Bacon in Praise of Knowledge...

30. Regiment of Health


Valerius Terminus, of the Interpretation of



32. Discourse.


Filum Labyrinthi, sive Formula, Inquisi-

33. Plantations


tiones ad Filos
54. Riches

35. Prophecies

Sequela Chartarum; sive Inquisitio loco


gitima de Calore et Frigore ....

36. Ambition

37. Masks and Triumphs

A Letter and Discourse to Sir Henry 5s


38. Nature in Men ...

vill, touching Helps for the Intellectual



39. Custom and Education.....

40. Fortune





12. Youth and Age

143. Beauty


44. Deformity


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