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hoped, command the attention of a portion of the commu. nity. The design has been to connect with the life of father Rice as much important information respecting ministerial labours and the state of religion as possible, that the whole might exhibit at least an outline of the history of the Presbyterian church in Kentucky, from the year 1783 to the close of 1823

The Editor has to lament his not having been furnished with materials to the extent which the importance of the subject required. And it may be that he has failed very much in making the right use of those which he had at command. Such as the work is, it is however now presented to the friends of the kingdom of our Lord, and if it shall be only the means of exciting those who are employed in the work of the ministry particularly, to collect and arrange eaeh, for himself facts bearing upon the state of religion, and to have these documents preserved for the use of the men of the next generation, the influence of this humble production will be at once extensive and of the most happy kind.

It is to be remembered that the Presbyteriąps form only a small part of the religious community in Kentucky, The Head of the church only knows what is the real amount of his efficient force, and where it is stationed. It would how. ever strengthen the hands, and animate and direct the es ertions of us all very much, could we fall upon any means by which we could know one another, and act unitedly, as the friends of the Redeemer upon the unenlightened and heathen part of the population. From várious inquiries, as well as from personal observation on different sections of the country, the Editor is disposed to believe that not more than the one half of the whole population are even in the habit of attending upon the means of

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any de. nomination of christians. There is ample room at least for extensive united exertion--that Kentucky may become indeed the glory of all lands, the garden of America, in being completely under the influence of the gospel of peace.

grace with

WEVOIRS, C.

CHAPTER 1.

BIRTH, PARENTAGE, AND FIRST CONVIC

TIONS.

The Rev. David Rice was born in Hanover County, Virginia, on the 29th day of December, 1733.

His grandfather, Thomas Rice, was an Englishman by birth, of Welch extraction. He was an early adventurer into Virginia. Where he spent the first part of his life is not certainly known. Jo the latter part of his life he owned a small plantation in the lower part of what is now called Hanover County. Flere he left his wife, with nine sons and three daughters, and went to England to receive a considerable estate which bad been left him, but returned no more. The sailors reported that he died on sea. It was supposed that he was assassinated. No return was ever made of the property after which he had gone, and his family were left destitute in a strange land.

A widow and fatherless children, really suffering for want of the necessaries of life, is, perhaps, not to be found in the whole history of the sous of men, “Leave thy fatherless children,” said Jehovah to Esau, “I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.

* Jer. xlix. 11

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The family being left withoùt an earthly father, were distressed, but they were in the good providence of God provided for. The greater part moved about thirty miles farther up the country, where they procured small plantations, on which they raised numerous families. Four or five of them became serious professors of religion, and were succeeded in their religious professions by a considerable number of their children.

His father, David Ricè, was a plain farmer, who hating food and raiment by bis daily labour, was théréwith content. The spirit of speculation had not in those happy days possessed the American people. He never had any slarés, as he considered theñ more plague than profit. llis wife was averse to it from principle; is being a traflic in human flesh, and an unjust infringement on the rights of our fellow creatures. They were both members of the established church, and taught their children the Lord's Prayer, the Creed, and the ten Commandments.

Ms. Rice was early the subject of religious impressions. “When I was," says he, "only six or seven years old, I often prayed in secret, and ardeotly desired to escape punishment iiid obtain happiness after death. My prayers were frequently accompanied výith many tears. After having gone on in this way for perhaps two years, I began to inquire what was necessary in or jer to escape punishmeni and obtain happiness, and ound that it was necessary to repent and believe. But took my prayers and my tears to bave been repentance, and believing in God the Father, Sön, and Holy Spirit, according the creed which my parents and

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schoolmasters had taught me. I thought that ibis winning faith, and consequently I was happy. This persuasion filled me with much delight, yea, I may say, with joy unspeakable. Nor were my wishes and my prayers confined to myself. I felt a deep concern for my friends and fellow creatures. For these I frequently wrestler Avith God, and sometimes even to an agony."

Religious instructions were not wholly neglected i: the neighbourhood where Mr. Rice was raised. Yer there was little or nothing of the power of religion either seen or felt. Parents required their children or Sabbath morning to clean themselves, and read a chap ter or two in the holy scriptures, and after this, instead of spending the day as the Sabbatk of the Lord, they met promiscuously and spent the remainder of the day in idle amusements, such as fishing, hunting, &c. &c.Those exercises were extremely agreeable to the carnal mind; but the Sabbath thus being a day of idleness or dissipation, more sin was charmitted on that day, and more was done to corrupt the morals of both old and young on that day than was committed or done in all the week besides.

This state of things was a great grief of mind to young Rice, and was a matter of much secret mourning.

“Truly," says he, "{ had a great zeal for God, but it was not according to knowledge.” There was a Joha Whitehead, a boy in whose welfare Mr. Rice felt deepiy interested. This boy he visited early one Sabbath morning, and having stated to him, in the best manner he could, the necessity for secret prayer, meditation, and reading the Bible, he invited him to go along with

him to a solitary place, and spend the day together in religious exercises. Whitehead laughed at the proposal, but proposed in his turn that if Rice would go and play at ball with him half the day, he would go and read with him the other half. Thinking the end might justify the means, Rice consented, though with considerable reluctance. The tasteless playtime having been spent, Rice renewed his suit with additional earnestness, and urged upon Whitehead his promise, but in vain. Whitehead laughed, Rice wept, caught him in his arıns, and still urged his claim. The sioner became more hardened and more insulting; the tender conscience went home with a sobbing heart and eyes bathed in tears. (What became of Whitehead?) When these two men again meet at the resurrection of, the just we will hear something more of this Sabbath day's work.

When he was about thirteen years of age, his father having one day broken his plough in the field, sent him io the house for a handsaw. While he was returning with the saw in his hand, he happened to stop a few ininutes by the side of a stump, and without any particular design, began to saw a notch in a splinter of the stump. While thus engaged this text of scripture came with particular force on his mind, “Except a man be born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.”This convinced bim that something was wanting which he had not yet experienced. What this being born again was he knew not, but supposed that it must be a change of heart from the love and practice of sin to the love and practice of holipesss “I then drew the

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