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of salvation. His wife was also particularly active in providing accommodations for the people, and in encouraging them to be in earnest about the things which belonged to their everlasting peace. He also regularly attended a meeting-house on the lands of General Levi Todd, which had been appropriated by the Geňeral for the use of the Methodist and Baptist people of colour. His ministrations appeared to be blessed, and several, professing a bope of conversion, applied to him for the administration of the ordinance of baptism. But as he was yet a slave, and not recognized as an orslained minister of the gospel, he felt great reluctance in encouraging such applications. He at last, attended by upwards of fifty of these professed converts, applied to an association for regular ordination. The fathers and brethren, after having taken the matter into consideration, did not consider it proper to ordain him in form, but, being fully informed of his character and Jábours, they gave him the right hand of christian affection, and directed him to go on in the name of their çommon Master.

Being thus encouraged, he proceeded to hold meet ings for the purpose of conversing with those who professed to be awakend, and when he had evidences of their being passed from death unto life, he administered to them the ordinance of baptism. Upon a sufficient number being baptized, they united with one anoth er in the Lord in a church capacity, and he administered to them the ordinance of the Supper. His church increased in numbers, and evidence of genuine piety was exhibited by many of the members. They kept

no records, nor could they often meet in one place at the same time-but it was supposed that at one period there were upwards of three hundred in Lexington and the county who acknowledged him as their spiritual father, and who regularly attended upon him as their spiritual instructor. He continued to pay yearly a stipulated hire to his master, till he was so far advanced in life that no family' would have supported him merely for the services which he was capable of performing.

Their mode of discipline in the church over which he presided was in substance thus.

The Captain was called the head (under the great head of the church). He was their pastor and their standing moderator, and they bad under him one or two ruling elders, with two or three deacons. In matters of dealing, complaint was first lodged with the elder or pastor, either of whom directed a deacon or two to visit the person complained of-if this failed, an el der next visited him-and if that failed, the pastor, if it was in his power, visited him. And if all these methods failed of giving satisfaction, the matter was then brought before the church, where, after the case had been heard, a majority of votes decided, though great respect was always paid to the opinion of the moderator, which was always given before the rote was put.

It is not easy to determine on the one hand how little knowledge is merely sufficient for personal salvationand on the other hand how much knowledge of divine things may be acquired, and may be really necessary for the different departments of human life. This, however, is clear, that in the family of the Releemer there

is a vast distance between the one of these extremes and the other. There are in this family men who have grasped nearly the whole of what has been revealed who are masters of all the facts, and who understand, to a great extent, all the doctrines and who are capable of making application of all these facts and of all these doctrines to all the varied states of human life, and to all the varied dispensations of divine providence. And they find almost daily use for all these acquirements. And on the other hand, there are members of this family who know little more than that they are lost sinners,—that the Lord Jesus Christ is able to save to the uttermost, and--that there is salvation no where else. And they know and believe these truths merely upon the testimony of God, without being able to understand much even of their connection with one another. It is probable that old Captain's knowledge of divinity did not extend much beyond these three points. They were enough for his own personal salvation, and they were enough for the salvation of those among whom he laboured. And to these three points Dr. Scott, and Dr. Watts, and the apostle Paul himself, had to come for relief, again and again, when their extensive knowledge of human nature, and of the whole range of what God has been pleased to reveal, was of very little use to them.

No. 18.



JOSEPH CabelL BRECKINRIDGE was the son of the Hon. John Breckinridge, the framer of our state constitution, and for some time Attorney General of the Unie ted States, and Mary Hopkins Cabell, both of Virginia. He was their secoud child, and first son, born in Albemarle county, Virginia, on the 24th of July, 1788. After a short residence there his parets removed to the state of Kentucky, and established themselves in 1792, in the 5th year of his age, in the town of Lexington. Shortly afterwards the family became permanently settled on a farm near the town, and Mr. Breckivridge was at once and fully identified with the interests of the state of Kentucky. About the age of 14 be placed his son Joseph in a Grammar School in his native state, with the object of preparing his young mind for future and extensive usefulness. It was in this school, while sitting under the powerful preaching of the Rev. Dr. Archibald Alexander, now a distinguished professor in the Theological Seminary at Princeton, New Jersey, that he received his first religious impressions. Our departed friend has himself informed the writer of this article, that his convictions, though quite a boy, were deep and evangelical, and for some time continued to

affect his feelings and life. But by the providence of God he was soon afterwards removed from the ministerial instructions of this great and good man, to a school in the west, in which the budding hope of the gospel in his heart was withered by the pestilent breath of infidelity.

After the necessary acquirements were made, he was taken by his father to the College of New-Jersey, at Princeton, in the autumn of 1804. He was here received into one of the lower classes of the institution, and continued his connection with it in his progress through the course of study ordinarily pursued there, until the sudden death of his father called him home to his bereaved family, in the winter of 1806—7. The solemn responsibilities connected with becoming, almost in his boyhood, the head of a large family, and the principal agent in adjusting the concerns of an extensive and complicated estate, deeply affected his mind, and suddenly impressed a gravity, a prudence, a decision and maturity upon his character, which were beyond his years. Before fully entering on these important and trying services, he returned, in 1808, to the College of New Jersey, and graduated with distinguished honour in 1810. It was during the latter stay at Princeton that he became attached to the daughter of the Rev. President, Mary Clay Smith, whom he afterwards married and brought with him to his native sate. Here in retirement we find him directing the education of the rising family of which he had become a foster father, and preparing himself, in the intervals which were spared from the various duties arising out of thie

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