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Then**essay'd; scarce vanish'd out of sight, 295
He buoys up instant, and returns to light ;
He bears no tokens of the sabler streams,
And mounts får off among the swans of Thames.

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Key, p. 13. He writ dramatic works, and a yolume of plex
Setry, consisting of Ileroic epistles, &c. suine whereof are very
' well done, saint that great judge, Mr. Jacob, in his Lives of
Poets, vol. 11. p. 303.

In his Essay on Criticism, and the Arts of Logic and Rhetoric, he frequently reflects on our Author. But the top of his chan racter was a perverter of bistory, in that scandalous one of the Stuaris, in folio, and his Critical llistory of England, two wo lumes, octavo. Being employed by Bishop Kennet, in publisha ing the historians in his collection, he talsified Daniel's Chionicle in numberless places. Yet this very man, in the preface 10 the first of these books, advanced a particular fact to charge three eminent persons of falsifying the Lord Clarendon's History; which face has beən disproved by Dr. Atterbury, late Bishop of Rochester, then the only survivor of them; and the particular part be pretended to be falsified produced since, after almost ninety years, in that noble author's original manuscript. He was all his life a virulent party-writer for hire, and received his reward in a small place, which lie enjoyed to his death.

7). 291. Nert Smedley div'd.) in the surreptitious editions, this whole episode was applied to an initial letter - by whom if they meant the Laureate, nothing was more absurd, no part agreeing with his character. The allegory evidently demands, person dipped in scandal, and deeply immersed in dirty work --whereas, Mr. Fusden's writings rarely offended, but by theit length and multitude, and accordingly are taxed of nothing else in Book I. v. 102. But the person here mentioned, an Irishman

, was author and publisher of many scurrilous pieces, a Weekly Whitehall Journal, in the year 1722, in the name of Sir James Baker; and particularly whole volumes of Billingsgate against Dr. Swift and Mr. Pope, called Gulliveriana and Alexandriana, printed in octavo, 1728,

v. 295. Then**essay'd.] A gentleman of genius and spirit,

After ver. 298. in the first edit, followed these:

Far worse unhappy D-r succeeds,
He search'd for coral, but he gather?d weeds.

True to the bottom, see Concanen creep, A cold, long-winded, native of the deep ; 300 If perseverance gain the diver's prize, Not everlasting Blackmore this denies ; No noise, no stir, no motion canst thou make, Th' unconscious stream sleeps o'er thee like a lake.

Next plung'd a feeble, but a desperate pack, 305 With each a sickly brother at his back : Sons of a day! just buoyant on the flood, Then number'd with the puppies in the mud. Ask ye

their names ? I could as soon disclose The names of these blind puppies as of those. 310


who was secretly dipt in some papers of this kind, on whom our Poet bestows a panegyric instead of a satire, as deserving to be beiter einployed than in partý quarrels, and personal invectives. 0:299. Coreanen. Matthew Concanen, an Irishman, bred to the law. Smedley (one of his brethren in enmity to Swift) in his Metamorphosis of Scriblerus, p. 7. accuses him of 'have ing boasted of what he had not riiten, but others had revised and done for him.' Ile was author of several dull and dead scurrilities in the British and London Journals, and in a paper called the Speculatist. In a pamphlet, called a Supplement to the Profound, he dealt very unfairly with our Poci, not only frequently imputing to himn Mr. Broome's verses (for which he might indeed seem, in some degree, accountable, having cor. rected what that gentleman did), but those of the Duke of Bucks inghain and others : to this rare piece, somebody humourously caused him to take for his motto, De profundis clamavi. Ile was since a hired scribbler in the Daily Courant, where he poured forth much Billivusgate against the Lord Bolingbroke and others; after which this man was surprizingly promoted to adıninister justice and law in ļamaica.


7. 302. Not ererlasting Blackmore.] "diee bonus Eurytian praelato invidit honori,' &c. Virg. Æn.

Fast by, like Niobe (her children gone)
Sits Moiher Osborne, stupify’d to stone!
And monumental brass this record bears,
• These are, ah no! these were the Gazetteers !

Not so bold Arnall; with a weight of scull 315
Furious he drives, precipitately dull.
Whirlpools and storms in circling arm invest,
With all the might of gravitation blest.
No crab more active in the dirty dance,
Downward to climb, and backward to advance,
He brings up half the bottom on his head,

321 And loudly claims the Journal and the Lead.

The plunging Prelate, and his pond'rous Grace, With holy envy gave one layman place.


v. 312. Osborne. A naine assumed by the eldest and gravest of these writers, who at last being ashamed of his pupils, gare his paper over, and in his age remained silent.

v. 315. Arnall.] William Amall, bred an aitorney, was a per fect genius in this sort of work. He began, under twenty, with furious party-papers; then succeeded Concanen in the British Journal. Ai the first publication of the Dunciad, he prevailed on the author not to give him his due place in it, by a letter. professing his detestation of such practices as his predecessors. But since, by the most unexampled insolence, and personal abuse of several great men, the Poet's particular friends, he most amply deserved a niche in the temple of infamy: winess a paper called The Free Briton; a Dedication intitlert, To the Gent ine Blunderer, 1732, and many others. He writ for hire, and valued linself upon it; not indeed without cause, it appearing that he received For Free Britons, and other writings, in the space of four years, no less than ten thousand, nine hundret and ninety-seven pounds, six shillings and eight pence out of 'the Treasury.' But, frequently, through his fury or folls, he exceeded all the bounds of his commission, and obliged his huo norable patron to disavow his scurrilities.

%. 323. The plunging Prelate, &c.] It having been invidi

When lo! a burst of thunder shook the flood, 325
Slow rose a form in majesty of Mud;
Shaking the horrors of his sable brows,
And each ferocious feature grim with ooze.
Greater he looks, and more than mortal stares ;
Then thus the wonders of the deep declares. 330.

First he relates how, sinking to the chin,
Smit with his mien, the mud-nymphs suck'd him in
How young Lutetia, softer than the down,
Nigrina black, and Merdamente brown,
Vy'd for his love in jetty bow'rs below, 335
As Hylas fair was ravish'd' long ago. [maids
Then sung, how shown him by the Nut-brown
A branch of Styx here rises from the shades,
That tinctured as it runs with Lethe's streams,
And wafting vapors from the land of dreams, 340
(As under seas Alpheus' secret sluice
Bears Pisa's offering to his Arethuse)


ously insinuated, that by this title was incant a truly great pres late, as respectable for his defence of the present balance of power in the Civil constitution, as for his opposition to the scheme of no power at all, in the Religious, I owe so much to the memory of my deceased friend as to declare, that when, a little before his death, I inforined hiin of this insinuation, he called it vile and malicious; as any candid man, he said, might understand, by his having paid a willing compliment to this very prelate in another part of the Poem.


V. 329. Greater he looks, and more than mortal stures.)
Viru Aen. VI. of the Sibyl.

.....majorque videri,
"Nes murtule sonans'...

Pours into Thames; and hence the mingled wave
Intoxicates the pert, and lutis the grave :
Here brisker vapours o'er the Temple creep ; 345
There, all from Paul's to Aldgate drink and sleep.

Thence to the banks where rev'rend bards repose,
They led him soft; each rev'rend bard arose ;
And Milbourn chief, deputed by the rest,
Gave him the cassock, surcingle, and vest. 350
• Receive (he said) these robes, which once were
• Dulness is sacred in a sound divine.'. [mine,
He ceas'd, and spread the robe; the crowd confess
The rev'rend flamen in his lengthen’d dress.
Around him wide a sable army stand, 355
A low-born, cell-bred, selfish, servile band,
Prompt or to guard, or stab, to saint, or damn,
Heav'n's Swiss, who fight for any god, or man. (fleet,

Through Lud's fam'd gates, along the well-known Rolls the black troop, and overshades the street,

REMARKS. v. 349. And Milbourn.) Luke Milbourn, à clergyman, the fairest of critics; who, when he wrote against Mr. Dryden's Virgil, did him justice in printing at the same time his own translations of him, which were intolerable. His manner of writing has a great resemblance with that of the gentlemen of the Dociad against our Author, as will be seen in the parallel of Mr. Dryden and bim.

0. 347. Thence to the banks, &c.]
«Tum canit errantem Permessi ad fumina Gallura,
'U'tque viro Phoebi chorus assurrexerit omnis;
• Ut Linus haec, illi divino carinine pastor,

Floribus atque apio crines ornatus amaro,
Dixerit, Hus tibi dant calamos, en accipe, Musae,
Ascraeo quos ante seni',.&c.

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