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But in her Temple's last' recess inclos'd,
On Dulness' lap th' Anointed head repos'd.
Him close she curtains round with vapours blue,
And soft besprinkles with Cimmerian dew:
Then raptures high the seat of sense o'erflow, . 5
Which only heads refind from reason know.
Hence from the straw where Bedlam's prophet nods,
He hears loud oracles, and talks with gods :
Hence the fool's paradise, the statesman's scheme,
The air-built castle, and the golden dream, 10
The maid's romantic wish, the chemist's flame,
And poet's vision of eternal fame.

And now, on Fancy's easy wing conveyed,
The king descending, views th' Elysian shade.
A slip-shod Sibyl led his steps along,

15 In lofty madness meditating song; Her tresses staring from poetic dreams, And never wash'd but in Castalia's streams. Taylor, their better Charon, lends an oar, (Once swan of Thaines, tho' now he sings no more.)

REMARKS. v. 19. Taylor.] John Taylor the Water-poet, an honest min, who owns he learned not so much as the Accidence: a rare ex. ample of modesty in a poet!

IMITATIONS. v. 7, 8. Hence from the straw where Bedlam's prophet nods, Hc hears loud oracles, and talks with gods.}

* Et varias audit voces, fruiturque devram

Virg. Æn, VIII. v. 15. A slip shod Sibyl, &c.]

Conclamat vates..
! ......Furens antro se immisit aperto.'


Benlowes, propitious still to blockheads, bows; 21
And Shadwell nods, the poppy on his brows.
Here, in a dusky vale where Lethe rolls,
Old Bavius sits to dip poetic souls,
And blunt the sense, and fit it for a skull
Of solid proof, impenetrably dull:




(1 must confess I do want eloquence,
And never scarce did learn my Accidence;
For having got from possum to posset,

I there was gravellid, could no farther get.' He wrote fourscore books in the reign of James I. and Charles 1. and afterwards (like Edward Ward) kepi an alehouse in LongAcre. Ile died in 1654.

v. 21. Benlowes.] A country gentleman, famous for his own bad poetry, and for patronizing bad poets, as may be seen from many Dedications of Quarles and others to him. Some of these anegram'd his name Benlowes into Benevolus ; to verify which he spent his whole estate upon them.

v. 22. And Shadwell nods, the popry, &c.] Shadwell took opium for many years, and died of too large a doze, in the year 1692.

v. 24. Old Badius sits.] Bavius was an ancient poet, celebrated by Virgil for the like cause as Bayes by our Author, though not jn so Christian-like a manner: for heathenishiy ir is declared by Virgil of Bavius, that he ought to be haied and detested for his evil-works: Qui bavium non odit ? whereas we have often had occasion to observe our Poet's great good nature and mercifulness through the whole course of this Poem.



». 23. Here in a dusky rale, &c.)

Vidit Aevas in vale reducta Seclusum nemus..... Lethaeumque domos placidas qui praenatat amnem &c. Hunc circum innumerae gentes,' &c. Virg. Æn. VL. v. 24. Old Bavius sits to dip poctic souls.) Alluding 10 the story of Thetis dipping Achilles to render hiin impenetrable:

At pater Anchises penitus convalle virenti
• Inclusas animas, superumque ad lumen ituras,
'Lustrabat.'...vr.Virg. Æn. VI.

Instant, when dipt, away they wing their flight,
Where Brown and Mears unbar the gates of light,
Demand new bodies, and, in calf's array,
Rush to the world, impacient for the day.

Millions and millions on these banks he views,
Thick as the stars of night, or morning dews,
As thick as bees o'er vernal blossoms fly,
As thick as eggs at Ward in pillory.

34 Wond'ring he gaz'd : when, lo; a sage appears, By his broad shoulders known, and length of cars, Known by the band and suit which Settle wore (His only suit) for twice three years before : All as the vest appear’d the wearer's frame, Old in new state, another yet the same.

40 Bland and familiar, as in life, begun Thus the great Father to the greater Son:

Oh! born to see what none can see awake! Behold the wonders of th' oblivious lake! 44

REMARKS. v. 28... Browne and Mears.] Booksellers, printers for any body... The allegory of the souls of the dull coming forth in the form of books dressed in calf's leather, and being let abroad in vast numbers by booksellers, is sufficiently intelligible.

v. 34... Iard in pillory.) John Ward, of Hackney, Esq. member of parliament, being convicted of forgery, was first ex: pelled the Ilouse, and then sentenced to the pillory, on the 17th of February, 1727.

IMITATIONS. . 28.... unbar thy gates of light.) An hemistich of Milton. 2.31, 32. Millions and Millions. Thick as the stars, &c.] • Quam multa in silvis autumni frigore primo

Lapsa cadunt folia, aut ad terram gurgite ab alto
Quam multae glomerantur aves,' &c.

Virg. Æn. VI.

Thou, yet unborn, has touch'd this sacred shore;
The hand of Bavius drench'd thee o'er and o'er.
But blind to former as to future fate,
What mortal knows his pre-existent state ?
Who knows how long thy transmigrating soul
Might from Baotian to Bæotian roll ? 50
How many Dutchmen she vouchsaf'd to thrid ?
How many stages through old monks she rid ?
And all who since, in wild benighted days,
Mix'd the owl's ivy with the poet's bays.
As man's meanders to the vital spring

Roll all their tides, then back their circles bring ;
Or whirligigs, twirl'd round by skilful swain,
Suck the thread in, then yield it out again :
All nonsense thus, of old or modern date,
Shall in thee centre, from thee circulate.
For thus our Queen unfolds to vision true
Thy mental eye, for thou hast much to view :
Old scenes of glory, times long cast behind,
Shall, first recallid, rush forward to thy mind :
Then stretcli thy sight o'er all her rising reign, 65
And let the past and future fire thy brain,


0.54. Mix'd the owl's ivy with the poet's bays.)

.Sine tempore circum
" Inter victrices heradem tibi serpere lauros.” Virg. 'Ecl. viii,
p. 61, 62. For this our Queen unfolds to vision true

Thy mental eye, for thou hast much to view.) This has a reseinblance to that passage in Milton, Book XI. where the angel

• To noble sights from Adam's eye removed
! The film; then purg'd with euphrasie and rue
"The visual nerve.. For he had much to see."

Ascend this hill, whose cloudy point commands Her boundless empire over seas and lands. Sce, round the poles where keener spangles shine, Where spices smoke beneath the burning line, 70 (Earth's wide extremes) her sable flag display'd, And all the nations cover'd in her shade!

Far eastward cast thinc eye, from whence the Sun And orient Science their bright course begun : One godlike monarch all that pride confounds, 75 He, whose long wall the wand'ring Tartar bounds; Heav'ns! what a pile! whole ages perish there, And one bright blaze turns learning into air.

Thence to the South extend thy gladden'd eyes ; There rival flames with equal glory rise ; From shelves to shelves see greedy Vulcan roll, And lick up all their physic of the soul.

How little, mark! that portion of the ball, Where, faint at best, the beams of Science fall : Soon as they dawn, from hyperborean skies 85 Einbody'd dark, what clouds of Vandals rise !



7. 73. In the former edit.

Far eastward cast thine eye, from whence the Sun

And orient S'ience ut a birth begun. But as this was thought to contradice that line of the introduction,

In erdiest times, e'er mortals writ or read, which supposes the sun and science did not set out together, it was altered to thir bright course begun. But this slip, as usual, escaped the gentlemen of the Dunciad.

IMITATIONS. There is a general allusion in what follows to that whole episode

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