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prelate, and how full he was of a design he declared himself to have of exposing it.' This noble person is the Earl of Peterborough.
Here, in truth, should we crave pardon of all the aforesaid Right Honorable and worthy personages, for having mentioned them in the same page with such weekly riff-raff railers and rhymers, but that we had their ever honored-commands for the same; and that they are introduced not as witnesses in the controversy, but as witnesses that cannot be controverted ; i. t to dispute, but to decide.
Certain it is, that dividing our writers into two classes, of such who were acquaintance, and of such who were strangers, to our Author, the former are those who speak well, and the other those who speak evil of him. Of the first class, the most noble
JOHN DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.
sums up his character in these lines :
"* And yet so wondrous, so sublime a thing,
As the great Iliad, scarce could make me sing,
Can all desert in sciences exceed.'
SIMON HARCOURT. * + Say, wondrous youth, what column wilt thou chuse, • What laureld arch for thy triumphant muse:
• Verses to Mr. P. on his Translation of Homer.
From a Poein addressed to him in his life time
Though each great Ancicnt court thee to shrine,
Go to the good and just, an awful train:
Recorded in like manner, for his virtuous disposition, and gentle bearing, by the ingenious
MR. WALTER HART, in this apostrophe :
«* 0! ever worthy, ever crown'd with praise !
And ev'n thy life be faultless as thy line;
Obscures the virtue, and defames the muse. • A soul like thine, in pain, in grief, resign'd,
* Views with just scorn, the malice of mankind.' The witty and moral satirist
DR. EDWARD YOUNG,
wishing some check to the corruption and evil manners of the times, calleth out upon our Poet, to undertake a task so worthy of his virtue :
++ Why slumbers Pope, who leads the Muses' train, • Nor hears that Virtue, which he loves, complain?
in his Epistle on Verbal Criticism :
Whose life, severely scan'd, transcends his lays :
' For wit supreme, is but his second praise.' * In his Poems, printed for B. Lintot. + Universal Passion, Sat. 1.
MR. HAMMOND, that delicate and correct imitator of Tibullus, in his Love Elegies, Elegy xiv.
* Now fir'd by Pope and, Virtue, leave the age,
In low pursuit of self undoing wrong,
• Whose blameless life stillanswers to his song.'
MK. THOMSON, in his elegant and philosophical poem of the Scasons :
• Although not sweeter his own Homer sings,
. Yet is his life the more endearing song.' To the same tune, also, singeth that learned clerk of Suffolk,
MR. WILLIAM BROOME.
« • Thus nobly rising in fair Virtue's cause,
From thy own life transcribe th' unerring laws, And to close all, hear the Reverend Dean of St. Patrick's :
A soul with ev'ry virtue fraught,
Whatever Grecian story tells.
Whose meanest talent is his wit,' &c.
Let us now recreate thee, by turning to the other side, and shewing his character, drawn by
! In his Poems, and at the end of the Odyssey,
those with whom he never conversed, and whose countenances he could not know, though turned against him : first again commencing with the highvoiced and never-enough-quoted
MR. JOHN DENNIS,
who, in his reflections on the Essay on Criticism, thus describeth him : ' A little affected hypocrite, • who has nothing in his mouth but candour, truth,
friendship, good-nature, humanity, and magnani.
mity. He is so great a lover of falsehood, that • whenever he has a mind to calumniate his con
temporaries, he brands them with some defect • which is just contrary to some good quality for • which all their friends and acquaintance commend • them. He seems to have a particular pique to * people of quality, and authors of that rank. He • must derive his religion from St. Omer's.'—But in the character of Mr. P. and his writings, (printed by S. Popping, 1716,) he saith, ' Though he
is a professor of the worst religion, yet he laughs • at it ;' but that, nevertheless, he is a virulent, Pa• pist; and yet a pillar of the Church of England.' Of both which opinions
MR. LEWIS THLOBALD
seems also to be; declaring, in Mist's JOURNAL, of June 22, 1718, · That, if he is not shrewdly
abused, he made it bis practice to cackle to both ' parties in their own sentiments.' But as to his
pique against people of quality, the same Journalist doth not agree, but saith, (May 8, 1728,) • He had, by some means or other, the acquaint
ance and friendship of the whole body of our no• bility.'
However contradictory this may appear, Mr. Dennis and Gildon, in the character last cited, make it all plain, by assuring us, “That he is a
creature that reconciles all contradictions : he is a beast, and a man ; a Whig, and a Tory; a wri• ter (at one and the same time) of Guardians and • Examiners * : an asserter of liberty, and of the
dispensing power of kings ; a Jesuitical professor • of truth; a base and a foul pretender to candour.' So that upon the whole account, we must conclude him either to have been a great hypocrite, or a very honest man; a terrible imposer upon both parties, or very moderate to either.
Be it as to the judicious reader shall seem good. Sure it is, he is little favored of certain authors whose wrath is perilous: for one declares he ought to have a price set on his head, and to be hunted down as a wild beast t; another protests that he does not know what may happen ; advises him to insure his person; says he has bitter enemies, and expressly declares it will be well if he escapes with his life. One desires he would cut his own
• The names of two weekly papers.
Smedley, Pref. to Gulliveriana, p. 14, 16.