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cious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head. 4. And there were (/) some that had indignation within themselves, and said, "Why was this waste of "the ointment made? 5. For it "might have been sold for more "than three hundred pence, and "have been given to the poor." And they murmured against her. 6. And Jesus said, "Let her "alone; why trouble ye her? she "hath wrought a good work on "me. 7. For ye have the poor "with you always, and whenso"ever ye will ye may do them "good: but me ye have not al"ways. 8. She hath done what "she could: she is come afbre"hand to anoint my body to the "burying. 9. Verily I say unto "you, Wheresoever this gospel "shall be preached throughout "the whole world, this also that "she hath done shall be spoken "of for a memorial of her." 10. And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them. 11. And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him.

(1) v. 4. "Some." According to John xii. 4. Judas Iscariot was the person who expressed his indignation.

(») v. 13. "Two," i. e. (according to Luke xxii. 8.) "Peter and John." This therefore occurred in the presence of Peter, who is supposed to have overlooked St.Mark's Gospel. Theaccount is more explicit than St. Matthew's, (Matt.xxvi. 17.) so that this is an instance that St. Mark's Gospel is not merely an abridgement of St. Matthew's.

(n) " Go, &c." These instances of foreknowledge would naturally tend to confirm the apostles' belief. How could he foresee, but through the power of God, that they would meet a man, bearing a

12. And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, "Where wilt thou that we go and "prepare, that thou mayest eat "the passover?" 13. And he sendetli forth two (tri) of his disciples, and saith unto them, "Go "(«) ye into the city, and there "shall meet you a man bearing a "pitcher of water: follow him. "14. And wheresoever he shall "go in, say ye to the good man "of the house, The master saith, "Where is the guest-chamber, "where 1 shall eat the passover "with my disciples? 15. And he "will shew you a large upper "room furnished and prepared: "there make ready for us."

16. And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and foundas he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

17. And in the evening he cometh with the twelve. 18. And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said "Verily "I say unto you, One of you "which eateth with me shall (o) "betray me." 19. And they began to be sorrowful, and to say unto him one by one, "Is it I?" and another said, "Is it I?"

pitcher of water, or that the master of the house should furnish them with a guestchamber, and that it should be an upper room, and prepared; and yet within a very few hours they were so disconcerted and alarmed by his apprehension, that they all forsook him and fled. A conduct he predicts, u.27.

(o) v. 18. " Shall betray me." Another strong instance of fore-knowledge. Peter, must have heard it, and so must St. Matthew and St. John, who have also recorded it. Matt. xxvi. 21. — John xiii. 21. The recollection of these instances after the resurrection would have a tendency to strengthen their faith, had it required additional support.

20. And he answered and said unto them, "It is one of the twelve, that "dippeth with me in the dish. "2l.The Son of man indeed goeth, "as it is written of him: but woe "to that man by whom the Son

"of man is betrayed! good were "it for that man if he had never "been born." 22. And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, "Take (p), eat; "this is my body." 23. And he took the cup; and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it. 24. And he said unto them, "This is my

(p) v. 22. " Take, &c." This was perhaps substituted for the paschal form at the feast of the passover. That form was, "This is the bread of affliction, which our "fathers did eat in Egypt." Hamm. 181.

(q) v. 24. "Testament," i. e. "covenant or dispensation."

(r) "For many." Not indiscriminately for all mankind, but for many, that is, the real Christians, the pure in heart, &c. So post, — Matt. xx. 28. "a ransom for "many"

{$) v. 27. "Offended," i.e. "fall off "from me, desert me."

(/) " Written, &c." The passage is Zech. xiii. 7. "Awake, 0 sword, against "my shepherd, and against the man that "is my fellow, saith the Lord of Hosts: "smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall "be scattered: and I will turn my hand "upon the little ones: and it shall come "to pass, that in all the land, saith the "Lord, two parts thereof shall be cut off "and die; but the third part shall be left "therein: and I will bring the third part "through the fire, and will refine them as "silver is refined, and will try them as "gold is tried: they shall call on my name, "and I will hear them; I will say it is my "people, and they shall say, the Lord is "my God." This is an important prophecy. It describes the Messiah as " the "man that was God's fellow," (and who that was not God and man could be so ?) and imports that he should be smitten and his followers scattered. It intimates also that that event should be followed by the

"blood of the new (q) testament, "which is shed for (r) many. "25. Verily I say unto you, I will "drink no more of the fruit of "the vine, until that day that I "drink it new in the kingdom of "God." 26. And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives. 27. And Jesus saith unto them, "All ye "shall be (s) offended because of "me this night: for it is (/) writ"ten, I will smite the shepherd, "and the sheep shall be scattered. "28. But after that I (u) am risen, "I will go before you into (x) "Galilee." 29. But(>) Peter said

destruction of great part of the land, and that those who should escape should be those only who could bear the strictest trials, the being brought through the fire, and being refined as silver is refined. Our Saviour might wish at this time to bring this prophecy under their consideration.

(a) t>.28. "After I am risen, &c." This imports that he was to rise; and though they might not exactly understand at the time what he meant (see ante, 83. note on Luke xviii. 34.) they could not fail to recollect it after the resurrection, and then they would understand its full force.

(x) " Into Galilee." Our Saviour accordingly appeared to them there after his resurrection. Saint Matthew says, the eleven went "into Galilee, into a moun"tain where Jesus had appointed them; "and when they saw him" (which implies they did see him) "they worshipped him; "but some doubted. Matt, xxviii. 16, 17." St. John gives a detailed account of his shewing himself to seven of the disciples at the sea of Tiberias, which is in Galilee. John xxi.

(y) v. 29. "Peter." Though Mark was peculiarly Peter's friend, and though Peter is supposed to have overlooked this gospel, this instance of Peter's cowardice is fully detailed: the apostles never shrunk from acknowledging their own failings. The intrepidity of the apostles after the crucifixion, notwithstanding their timidity before, is accounted for, ante, p. 40. note on John xx. 25.; and see Maltby, 137. 145.

unto him, "Although all shall "be offended, yet will not I." 30. And Jesus saith unto him, "Verily I say unto thee, That this "day, even in this night, before "the cock crow twice, thou shalt "deny me thrice." 31. But he spake the more vehemently, "If "I should die with thee, I will "not deny thee in any wise." Likewise also said they all. 32. And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, "Sit ye here, "while I shall pray." 33. And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; and saith unto them, 34. " My soul is exceeding sorrow"ful unto death: tarry ye here, "and watch." 35. And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass from him. 36. And he said, "Abba, Father, all things "are possible unto thee; take "away this cup from me: ne"vertheless not what I will, but "what thou wilt." 37. And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Peter, "Si"mon, sleepest thou? couldest "not thou watch one hour? "38. Watch ye and pray, lest "ye enter into temptation. The

"spirit truly is ready, but the "flesh is weak." 39. And again he went away, and prayed, and spake the same words. 40. And when he returned, he found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy: neither wist they what to answer him. 41. And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them, "Sleep on now, and take "your rest; it is enough, the hour "is come: behold the Son of man "is betrayed into the hands of sin"ners. 42. Rise up, let us go; "lo, he that betrayeth me is at "hand." 43. And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. 44. And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, "Whom"soever I shall kiss, that same is "he: take him, and lead him "away safely." 45. And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, "Mas"ter, master;" and kissed him. 46. And they laid their hands on him, and took him. 47. And one {z) of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear. 48. And Jesus answered and said unto them, "Are («) ye come out, as against

(z) v. 47. "One of them," viz. "Peter." See John xviii. 10. St. John alone names him, and the reason may be this, that the other gospels were published in Peter's life-time, and it might have exposed him unnecessarily to persecution, had he been named. Peter perhaps expected that our Saviour would now assume the appearance of a temporal prince, and his courage might have been raised by what he had seen at the transfiguration, and by what he

had witnessed of the temper of the multitude at our Saviour's triumphant entry into Jerusalem. See Maltby, 137. — 1 Jort. Rem. 212.

(a) ti. 48. According to Matt. xxvi. 52. and Joluixviii.il. our Saviour checked Peter, " Put up again thy sword into his "place; for all they that take the sword '* shall perish with the sword. The cup "which my Father hath given me, shall "I not drink it?"' And, according to Luke

"a thief, with swords and with "staves to take me? 49. I was "daily with you in the temple "teaching, and ye took me not: "but the Scriptures must be ful« filled." 50. And they (A) all forsook him, and fled. 51. And there followed him a certain young man, having a linen cloth castabout his naked body; 52. and the young men laid hold on him: and he (c) left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked. 53. And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were 'assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes. 54. And Peter followed him afar off) even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and wanned himself at the fire. 55. And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to deatli; and found none. 56. For many bare false witness against him, but their

xxii. 51. he immediately touched the man's ear, and healed him.

(6) v. 50. " All forsook him." Another instance of the candour of the Evangelists: they never concealed their own weaknesses. It might be inconsistent with their ideas of the Messiah, that he should be seized as a malefactor, and they might be afraid of being called to account for the injury to the high priest's servant. It may indeed be thought remarkable, after the evidence his miracles afforded, that any circumstances should have induced them to desert him; but they were probably overpowered by surprize, from not expecting that this could ever happen to the true Messiah, and surprize may, for a time at least, drive out reason. Our Saviour had, in v. 27. foretold their desertion.

(c) v..e2. "Left, &c." This may he mentioned to shew how great their fear was; the young man chose rather to lose the only garment he had than be detained.

(d) v. 56. "Agreed not." No man could be put to death except upon the testimony of livo witnesses.

witness agreed (d) not together. 57. And there arose certain, and bare false witness against him, saying, 58. "We heard him say, "I (e) will destroy this temple "that is made with hands, and "within three days I will build "another made without hands." 59. But neither so did their witness agree together. 60. And the high priest stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, "Answerest "thou nothing? what is it which "these witness against thee?" 61. But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again (g) the high priest asked him, and said unto him, "Art thou the Christ, "the Son of the Blessed?" 62. And Jesus said, "I am: and ye shall "see the Son of man sitting (A) "on the right hand of power, and "coming in the clouds of hea"ven." 63. Then the high priest rent his clothes, and saith, "What "need we any further witnesses?

(e) v. 58. "I will destroy, &c." Sec ante, 104. note on Matt, xxvii. 40.

(g) v. 61. "Again, &c." According to the parallel place, Matt. xxvi. 63. the high priest, upon putting this question, addressed our Saviour with this solemn adjuration, " I adjure thee by the living God. "that thou tell us whether thou be the "Christ the Son of God;" and it is supposed, that upon a question so put, no Jew could refuse to answer. Dr. Hammond says, it obliged the person adjured to speak and answer truly, as much as if he had taken an oath. And this accounts for our Saviour's answering a question when no put, though till that time he had held his peace, and answered nothing.

(A) v. 62. "Sitting on the right hand of "Power, and coming in the clouds of "heaven." Perhaps not literally, but figuratively; " with as decisive proofs of "his being the Son of God, as if they saw "him so sit and come." It alludes probably to that coming when Jerusalem was destroyed. See note on Matt. xxiv. SO. ante, 76. and on Luke xxi. 25. ante, 32.

"64. ye have heard the (i) blas"phemy: what think ye?" And they all condemned him to be guilty of death. 65. And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, "Prophesy (k):" and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.

68. And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest: 67. and when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked upon him, and said, "And thou also wast "with Jesus of Nazareth." 68. But he denied, saying, "I know not, "neither understand I what thou "sayest." And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew.

69. And a (/) maid saw him again, and began to say to them that stood by, "This is one of them."

70. And he denied it again. And a little after, they that stood by said again to Peter, " Surely thou "art one of them: for thou art

"a Galilean, and thy speech "agreeth thereto." 71. But he began to curse and to swear, saying, "I know not this man of "whom ye speak." 72. And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, "Be"fore the cock crow twice thou "shalt deny me thrice." And when he thought thereon, he wept, (m)

Tuesday before Easter.
For the Epistle. Isaiah 1. 5. (n)

The Lord God hath (o) opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back. 6- I (P) gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off" the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. 7. For the Lord God will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like (q) a flint,

(i) v. 64. " Blasphemy." See post, — note on John xix. 7. Bp. Porteus's very able Lecture on the parallel chapter, Matt. xxvi. (Lecture 21.) is well worth consulting.

(*) v. 65. "Prophesy." St. Matthew and St. Luke add, " Who is he that smote "thee?' this he was to tell, though he was ■mitten whilst his face was covered, or blindfolded. Matt. xxvi. 68. Luke xxii. 63. post, 122.

[I) t>.69. "Amaid," rather "the maid," her mentioned, ver. 66. ij iraiSiVxij.

im) v. 72. St. Matthew and St. Luke "bitterly." If St. Peter overlooked this Gospel, it was more decorous in him to omit it.

(a) A prophetic account of the indignities that should be offered to the Messiah, of his patience and success, and of the confusion of his enemies.

(o) v. 5. "Opened mine ear," i. e. "taken me with my consent to be his "servant for ever." When a bondman

preferred perpetual servitude to being made free, the master was to bore his ear through with an awl, and then the bondman was to serve him for ever; (See Exod. xxi. 6- Deut. xv. 17.) and it is to this practice I he prophet here alludes. So Psalm xl. 8. "Sacrifice and meat-offer"ing thou wouldest not, but mine ears "hast thou opened," (or pierced ;) that is, thou hast taken me to be thy servant for ever. Or " opening the ear" might mean, hath made me obedient, hath made me hear his commands.

(p) v. 6. "1 gave, &c." The treatment our Saviour received comes fully up to the prophecy. See Matt, xxvii. 26.30, 31. They scourged him, spit upon him, smote him upon the head, and mocked him. And see Mark xv. 15. 19

(q) v. 7. "Like a flint," "so that "nothing will dismay me, cast me down, "change my countenance or purpose." The same expression occurs, Ezek. iii.8,9. "Behold I have made thy face strong I

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