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and I know that I shall not be ashamed. 8. He is near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? Let us stand together: who is mine adversary? let him come near to me. 9. Behold, the Lord God will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.

10. Who is among you that feareth the Lord, that (r) obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God.

11. Behold, all ye that(s) kindle a fire, that compass yourselves about with sparks; (/) walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks that ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand, ye shall lie down in sorrow.

The Gospel. Mark xv. 1. And straightway in the (u) morn

ing the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes, and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him (x) to Pilate. 2. And Pilate asked him, "Art thou the King of the Jews?" And he answering said unto him, "Thou (y) sayest it." 3. And the chief priests accused him of many things; but he answered nothing. 4. And Pilate asked him again, saying, "Answerest thou "nothing? behold- how many "things they witness against "thee." 5. But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled. 6. Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired. 7. And there was one, named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection. 8. And the multitude, crying aloud, began to desire him

"against their faces, and thy forehead "strong against their foreheads. As an "adamant, harder than Jiint, have I made "thy forehead: fear them not, neither be "dismayed at their looks." So Jer. v. 3. (to signify the inflexible obstinacy of the Jews, and their disregard of warnings,) "they have made their faces harder than "a rock, they have refused to return."

(r) v. 10. For " that obeyeth," the reading should be, "let him obey;" and for "that walketh," "who that walketh." This is the reading of the Septuagint and Syriac, and gives a much more elegant turn and distribution to the sentence. Bp.Lowth.

(s) v. 11. "That kindle a fire, &c." i. e. "that rely upon human devices and "worldly policy."

(t) "Walk, &c" i. c. tauntingly, "de"pend, if you think fit, on human aid and "human counsel, but it shall bring upon "you my judgments: what you shall have "of my hand shall be, to lie down in "sorrow."

[u) v. 1. "The morning:" he was ap

prehended at night, and led at once to the high priest, where the chief priests and the scribes and elders were assembled, and they immediately examined witnesses and questioned him.

(x) "Delivered him to Pilate.'' The chief priest and council of the Jews had before agreed "that he was guilty of "death, Mark xiv. 64." but the sceptre was departed from Judah, they had not the power of punishing capitally: they delivered him therefore to Pilate, the Roman governor, who had.

(y) v.2. "Thou sayest it," i. e. "I "am." When the high priest adjured our Saviour to say, whether he were the Christ, the Son of God, St. Matthew states his answer to have been, "Thou hast "said." St. Mark states it, "1 am." And Lukexxii. 70. post, 122. when the chief priests and elders asked our Saviour if he were the Son of God, and he answered, "Ye say that I am," they treated his answer as an assertion that he was.

to do as he had ever done unto them. 9. But Pilate answered them, saying, "Will ye that I re"lease unto you the King of the "Jews?" 10. (for he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.) 11. But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them. 12. And Pilate answered and said again unto them, "What will ye then that I shall "do unto him whom ye call the "King of the Jews?" 13. And they cried out again, "Crucify "him." 14. Then Pilate said unto them, "Why, what evil hath he "done?" And they cried out the more exceedingly, "Crucify "him." 16. And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had (s) scourged him, to be crucified. 16. And the soldiers led him away into the hall called Pretorium; and they call together the whole band. 17. And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head; 18. and began to salute him, " Hail, King of the Jews!" 19. And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and, bowing their knees, worshipped him. 20. And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and

put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him. 21. And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of (a) Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross. 22. And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, "The "place of a scull." 23. And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not. 24. And when they had crucified him, they (b) parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take. 25. And it was the third (c) hour; and they crucified him. 26. And the superscription of his accusation was written over, "THE "KING OF THE JEWS."

27. And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left.

28. And the Scripture (rf) was fulfilled, which saith, "And he was "numbered with the transgres"sors." 29. And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, "Ah, thou "that (e) destroyest the temple, "and buildest it in three days, "30. save thyself, and come down "from the cross." 31. Likewise also the chief priests, mocking, said among themselves with the scribes, "He saved others; him"self he cannot save. 32. Let

(z) c. 15. "Scourged," and so fulfilled Isaiah 1. 6.

(a) v. 21. "Of Alexander and Rufus." Matthew and Luke name Simon, as the person compelled, but neither of them speak of him as the father of Alexander and Rufus. Grotius apprehends that Alexander and Rufus were both known at the place for which this Gospel was intended, and then it was natural to name

them. An Alexander is named, 1 Tim. i. 20. and a Rufus, Rom. xvi. 13.

(b) t>.24. "Parted his garments." See Matt.xxvii.35. (ante, 104-.) and note there.

(c) v. 25. "The third hour," i. e. nine in the morning See Matt, xxvii. 4-5. ante, 105. John xix. 14. post, —

(d) v. 28. "The Scripture," viz. Isaiah liii. 12.

(e) v. 29. "That destroyest, &c." See note on Matt, xxvii. 40. (ante, 104-)

"Christ the King of Israel de"scend now from the cross, that "we may see and believe." And they that (g) were crucified with him reviled him. 33. And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. 34. And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, "Eloi, Eloi, "lama sabachthani?" which is, being interpreted, " My (A) God, "my God, why hast thou for"saken me?" 35. And some of them that stood by, when they heard it, said, "Behold, he calleth "Elias." 36. And one ran and rilled a spunge full of (i) vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave

(g) v. 32. "They that were crucified "with him." See note on Matt, xxvii. 44. ante, 105.

(h) v. 34. " My God, &c." See note on Matt, xxvii. 46. (ante, 10.5.)

(»') v. 36. "Vinegar." See ante, 105. note on Matt, xxvii. 48.

(k) v. 38. " Veil." See note on Matt, xxvii. 51. ante, 105.

{1) "From the top, &c." See ante, 106. note on Matt, xxvii. 51.

(in) v. 39. " Truly, &c." See ante, 106. note on Matt, xxvii. 54.

(n) "The Son." See ante, 106. note on Matt, xxvii. 54.

(o) A continuation of the contrast between the atonement by Christ, and that under the Mosaic dispensation. See ante, 97, 98. Heb. ix.

(p) v. 16. " A testament." The word here rendered "testament," is in this, and parts of the preceding and following chapter, and elsewhere, rendered " cove"nant," (Heb. viii. 6.9,10., ix. 4., x. 16.) and the word rendered "testator" in this and the next verse, (75 8ia&£/*s'»s and o* &ia&//xevo;,) is by no means necessarily confined to (even if it will bear) that meaning. It is difficult, in our idea of the word " testament," in verses 15.18.20. to understand how our Saviour was the Mediator of a new testament, or how the Mosaic dispensation can be called "a

him to drink, saying, "Let "alone; let us see whether Elias "will come to take him down."

37. And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost

38. And the(&) veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top (/) to the bottom. 39. And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, "Truly (m) this man was the (n) "Son of God."

Wednesday before Easter.
The Epistle. Hebrews ix. 16. (o)

Where a (p) testament is, there

"testament.'' Who, it may be asked, was the testator in either dispensation? Not the Father, for he has never undergone death: not Moses in the first, for that was in force during his life, and the only death there was of bulls and goats; not Jesus Christ in the second, for he was the Mediator only. The translation of this and the next two verses should perhaps be, " where there is a covenant, "(a dispensation or appointment of rerais"sion and forgiveness, as this is, or an "atonement,) there must of necessity be "the death of what is appointed for the "sacrifice. For it is because of thesacri"fice, that the dispensation is of force: "for it is of no force whilst what was "appointed for the sacrifice is alive. "Whence it was not without blood that "the first dispensation was consecrated." See Parkhurst, Greek Lexicon, B«&uo,-, Aia&ijxij, and ttaSsijAivtx;. One of the senses of fW/Styu is, "to appease, to satisfy;" and 8io&)jioj may therefore mean "an atone"mcnt, a satisfaction, or a dispensation of "forgiveness." What is translated " after "men are dead," is in the original "f»l "yexooK;" and that may signify, "on ac"count, or by means of the deaths, or dead "bodies." In Ps. 1. 5. mention is made of " those who had made a covenant with •' God," "iiri &i«7»ai<," and the rendering for Fit! %v<rlai<;, is " with sacrifice."

must also of (y) necessity be the death of the (r) testator. 17. For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. 18. Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood. 19. For when (s) Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book and all the people, 20. saying, "This is "the blood of the testament *• which God hath enjoined unto "you." 21. Moreover, he sprinkled likewise with (/) blood both the

tabernacle and all thevessels of the ministry. 22. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission. 23. It was therefore necessary that the patterns (u) of things in the heavens should be purified with (x) these; but the heavenly (y~) things themselves with better sacrifices than these. 24. For Christ is not entered into the (2) holy places made (a) with hands, which are the (b) figures of the (c) true; but into heaven itself) now to appear in the presence of God for us. 25. Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every (d) year with

(q) "Of necessity," because God has so determined. It is for him alone to decide upon the means.

(r) "The testator," or "what is ap"pointed," i 8<o&«'/m»o{; the masculine gender might be used, because, upon the dedication of the Mosaic dispensation, the sacrifice was of males; males were generally, if not invariably, the instituted sacrifices under that dispensation, and our Saviour, the greatest of all sacrifices, is here included.

(1) o. 19. " When Moses, &c" After Moses had received from God the ten commandments, and divers other laws, he " told the people all the words of the "Lord, and all the judgments: and all "the people answered with one voice, "and said, "All the words which the "Lord hath said will we do." And "Moses wrote all the words of the Lord, "and built an altar, and twelve pillars, ac"cording to the twelve tribes of Israel. "And he sent young men of the Children "of Israel, which offered burnt-offerings, "and sacrificed peace-offerings of oxen •' unto the Lord. And Moses took half * of the blood, and put it in basons: and "half of the blood he sprinkled on the "altar. And he took the Book of the "Covenant, and read in the audience of "the people: and they said, " All that "the Lord hath said will we do, and be "obedient." And Moses took the blood,

"and sprinkled it on the people, and said, "Behold the blood of the covenant which1 "the Lord hath made with you concern"ing all these words. Exod. xxiv.3—8."

(t) v. 21. " Blood," rather "the blood," that mentioned ver. 19. The article is in the original " 7f atpa-h."

(u) v. 23, " Patterns of things in the "heavens," i. e. "the tabernacle, &c." which Moses made according to the pattern of what God shewed him in the Mount, (Exod. xxv. 9. Heb. viii. 5.) and which were considered as corresponding with what was in heaven.

(x) " These," i. e. "the blood of bulls "and goats."

(y) "The heavenly things themselves, "&c." The meaning seems to be this, "the blood of bulls and goats was neces"sary to purify the tabernacle, and what"soever was to enter into it; but for ad"mittance into heaven, much more valua"ble blood, even that of Christ himself, "was requisite."

(r) c,24. "The holy," or "holy;" there is no article in the original.

(a) "Made with hands," i. e. "of "human workmanship," "any earthly "temple."

(A) "The figures," i. e. "only the '* figures."

(c) "The true," i. e. "what is in "heaven."

(</) v. 25. "Every year." Once every

blood of others ; 26. (for then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world:) but now once, in the end of (e) the world hath he appeared, to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. 27. And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgement; 28. so (g) Christ was once offered to bear (Zt) the sins of many (i); and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time, without (&) sin, unto salvation.

The Gospel. Luke xxii. 1.

Now the feast (/) of unleavened bread drew nigh, which (wi) is called "The (/) Passover." 2. And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people. 3. Then entered Satan into Judas, surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of

the twelve. 4. And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them. 5. And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money. 6. And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude. 7. Then came the day (n) of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed. 8. And he sent Peter and John, saying, "Go "and prepare us the passover, "that we may eat." 9. And they said unto him, "Where wilt thou "that we prepare?" io. And he said unto them, "Behold, when "ye are entered into the city, "there shall a (o) man meet you, "bearing a pitcher of water: "follow him into the house "where he entereth in. 11. And "ye shall say unto the good man

year, on the tenth day of the seventh month, the high priest was to make an atonement in the holy place for the sanctuary, for the tabernacle of the congregation, for the altar, for the priests, and for all the congregation. Sec Lev. xvi.ll—34.

(e) v.26. "The end of the world," awUhila 1S» didmy. i.e. " the completion of "the ages," when they were entering into the last age of the world; (See Dan. ii. 44., & vii. 13.) or " the conclusion of the "Jewish age." Newt, on Proph. ii. 142.

(g) o.28. "So Christ, &c." The meaning is, as it is with man, that he dieth once only, and after that comes judgment, so is it with Christ; he was to be offered once only, his tecond appearance will be at the day of judgment, and then they who have looked for him shall have their reward.

(A) "To bear, &c." See post, — note on 1 Pet. ii. 24.

(i) "Of many," not indiscriminately of all; but of such as feel their own insufficiency and the advantages of the atonement he has made, who humbly look up to him, and endeavour to walk in his commandments.

(k) "Without sin," i. e. (perhaps) "in "a far different state from that in which "he was, when he was taking upon him"self the sins of the world; not in a state "of humility, as one who had sins upon "him, but in a state of glory, as one "without sin, as the great Judge, to give "salvation to those that look for him, and "to punish those who do not."

(I) "The passover." See note on Mark xiv. 1. ante, 108.

(m) v. I." Which is called, *c" St. Luke was writing for the Gentiles, who might want this explanation; the Jews could not: they knew it well.

(n) v.7. "The day, &c." i.e. "the - evening before that day on which the "paschal lamb was to be slain:" they reckoned their days from evening to evening: according to Gen. i. 5. the evening and the morning were the first day; and according to Gen. xii. 18. on the fourteenth day of the first month, at cirn, they were to eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month, at even.

(o) v. 10. "A man meet you, *c." See note (n) on Mark xiv. 13. ante, 109.

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