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"mon (b") of unrighteousness; "that, when ye (c) ail, they (d) "may receive you into everlast"ing (e~) habitations (g)."
St. James the Apostle.
Grant, O merciful God, that as thine holy Apostle Saint James, leaving his father and all that he had, without delay was obedient unto the calling of thy Son Jesus Christ, and followed him; so we, forsaking all worldly and carnal affections, may be evermore ready to follow thy holy Commandments, through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.
For the Epistle. Acts xi. 27. and part of eh. xii. (h)
In those days came prophets from Jerusalem unto Antioch. 28. And there stood up one of them, named Agabus, and signified by the Spirit that there should be great dearth throughout all (*')
(4) « Mammon of unrighteousness," ie. "riches.''
(c) "Fail," i. e. "die."
(d) "They may receive you," i. e. "you "may be received."
(e) " Everlasting habitations," i. e. "heaven, eternal life."
(g) It may be of service to add our Saviour's comments upon this parable, and to explain such parts as require it.
10 " He that is faithful in that which « is least, is faithful also in much : and "he that is unjust in the least, is unjust «* also in much.
11 " If therefore ye have not been « faithful to the unrighteous * mammon, "who will commit to your trust t the true
12 " And if ye have not been faithful
• v. 11. "Unrighteous mammon," i. e. "the "riches of thU world."
t « The true riches," i. e. "the riches of the ■ world to come"
the world: which came to pass in the days of Claudius Cesar. 29. Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren which dwelt in Judea: so. which also they did, and sent it to the elders by the hands of Barnabas and Saul. xii. 1. Now about that time, Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex certain of the Church. 2. And he killed James the brother of John (yt) with the sword. 3. And because he saw it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to take Peter also.
The Gospel. Matt. xx. 20. Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons (/), worshipping (m) him, and desiring a certain thing of him. 21. And he said unto her, " What "wilt thou?" She saith unto him, "Grant that these my two "sons may sit, the one on thy "rieht hand, and the other on
« in that % which is another man's, who "shall give you that § which is your own?"
(A) For Actsxi. 27 to 30. see ante, 180. and for Acts xii. 1 to 3. see ante, 187,188.
(»') v. 28. "The world," i. e. " Judea."
(k) v. 2. "John," the Evangelist. See the next note.
(/) v. 20. "Her sons," i. e. James, who was killed by Herod, (Acts xii. 2.) and St. John the Evangelist.
(m) " Worshipping," "wpoo-xuvffo-a. Another instance in which our Saviour allowed this homage to be paid.
i v. 12. " That which is another man's," i. e. "the riches of this world, which no man can truly «■ call his own. They may be lost: the proprietor "is under God a steward only and accountable « for their use, and, at death, they must be left."
§ » That which is your own," i.e. "the riches « of the world to come: which, if obtained, may » truly be called your own . " Treasures in heaven, "where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and "where thieves do not break through and steal. "Matt. vi. 20.—Luke xii. 33."
"the left, in thy kingdom."
22. But Jesus answered and said, "Ye know not what ye ask. Are "ye able to drink («) of the cup "that I shall drink of, and to be "baptized with the baptism that "I am baptized with?" They say unto him, "We are able."
23. And he saith unto them, "Ye "shall (o) drink indeed of my "cup, and be baptized with the "baptism that I am baptized "with; but to sit on my right "hand, and on my left, is not "mine to give, but it shall be "given to them for whom it is "prepared of my Father." 24. And when the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against the two brethren. 25. But Jesus called them unto him, and said, "Ye know that the princes of the "Gentiles exercise dominion over "them, and they that are great "exercise authority upon them. "26. But it shall not be so among "you: but whosoever will be "great among you, let him be "your minister; 27. and whoso
"ever will be chief among you, "let him be your servant: "28. even as the Son of man "came not to be ministered (p) "unto, but to minister, and to "give his life a ransom (y) for "many (r)."
Tenth Sunday after Trinity.
Let thy merciful ears, O Lord, be open to the prayers of thy humble servants; and that they may obtain their petitions, make them to ask such things as shall please thee, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The Epistle. 1 Cor. xii. 1. (*)
Concerning spiritual gifts (/), brethren, I would not have you ignorant. 2. Ye know that ye were Gentiles («), carried away unto (x) these dumb idols, even as ye were led. 3. Wherefore I give you to understand, that no (y) man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed; and
(n) v. 22. "To drink, &c." i. e. "to ■ bear whatever I shall bear."
(o) v. 23. "Shall, &c" St. James was accordingly killed by Herod. See Acts xii. 2. (p) v. 28. " Not to be ministered unto, "&c." i. e. "not to live in worldly pomp, "but to serve and benefit mankind: not "to receive homage, but to do good."
(q) " A ransom, &c." See ante, 52. note (p) on Matt. i. 21. See also Is. liii.
10. — Matt. xxvi. 28 Rom. iv. 25
Rom. v. 6. — 1 Cor. xv. 3 2 Cor. v. 21.
— Gal. iii. 13. — Eph. v. 2—1 Tim. ii.
6.—Tit. ii. 14—Hebr. ix. 28 I Pet. iii.
18. and Magee, i. 464.
(r) " For many." Not indiscriminately for alt mankind, but for many; such as should look up to his intercession, endeavour to obey his commands, and rely not on their own works, but on his atonement and intercession. See ante, Mark xiv. 24. page 110.
(») The object of this part of St. Paul's
epistle was, to remind the Corinthian converts that the extraordinary powers then conferred, were far beyond any thing they had before witnessed; to satisfy tliem that no powers had God's co-operation but those which tended to advance Christianity; to apprize them that those powers were conferred by God, and that they were all given to advance the true religiou, and for no other purpose.
(») o. 1. "Spiritual gifts," i. e. "the "extraordinary powers conferred upon "the first preachers and converts; such "as healing and speaking languages."
(u) v. 2. "Were Gentiles, &c." When neither you, nor any of your teachers, had any such powers; so that you may be satisfied these are new, appropriated to the religion of Christ, not acquired by man, but given by God.
(x) Omit "these," la i,3«Xa 7i iftm.
(y) v. 3. "No man, &c." This is the test of each man's powers: if his object
that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. 4 Now there are diversities (z) of gifts, but the same (a) Spirit; 5. And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord: 6. And there are diversities of operations; but it is the same God which worketh all in all. 7. But the manifestation (b) of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal (c). 8. For to one is (d) given, by the Spirit, the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge, by the
same Spirit; 9. to another faith, by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing, by the same Spirit; 10. to another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues: 11. But all these worketh that (e) one and the self-same Spirit, dividing (g) to every man severally as (K) he will.
The Gospel. Luke xix. 41. And when he was come near, he
ii purely to advance Christ's religion; if he says, Jesus is the Lord, boldly professes his faith; they proceed from God, and are conferred by the Holy Ghost; bat if this be not his object, if he calleth Jesus accursed, speaks disrespectfully of him; his powers, be they what they may, are not of God.
(*) v. 4. " Diversities, &c." i. e. "how "much soever the powers in different per"sons vary, they all proceed from the "same high original, viz. God."
|o) " Spirit," i. e. " the Holy Ghost." The article is expressed in the original, and unless the terms "Lord," in verse 5. and " God," in verse 6. apply to the Holy Ghost, verses 4, 5, 6. must refer, in an inverted order, to Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. The 4th nnd 5th verses are evidently defective in naming the Spirit, and the Lord, without ascribing any function or operation to either; and it can hardly be doubted but that the "worketh," in «r»e 6. is intended to apply to "the Spi"rit," and " the Lord," as much as to God. And what is to be said as to verse 11. where, after a specification of the gifts, administrations, and operations, spoken of generally in verses 4, 5, 6. the working as to all is distinctly ascribed to the Spirit? See MiddL in loco.
(4) v. 7. " The manifestation of the "Spirit," i. e. "these extraordinary "powers."
(c) " To profit withal." Not to be displayed for ostentation; not to aggrandize the persons on whom they are conferred, but to advance what is God's cause, the religion of Christ. In the parable of the ^ents, (Matt. xxv. 14. and Luke xix. 12.)
our Saviour inculcates it as a duty upon every one, to employ in such a way as may be satisfactory to God, whatever is entrusted to his care; and would it not be well for every man to consider, in the use he makes of his abilities or wealth, how far he satisfies this duty?
(d) v. 8. "Given." St. Paul had been at Corinth a year and six months, (Acts xviii. 11.) and could he thus have written, had not such gifts been conferred? Marsh's Lectures, v. 10. And if they were, are they not a decisive proof of the foundation of Christianity? Who but God could have conferred them ? and would he have conferred them to sanction any thing but truth ? See post, — note on 1 Cor.i. 7.
(e) v. 11. " That one and the self-same "Spirit." Can it be doubted but that this applies to the Holy Ghost? and who but an Omnipotent Being could distribute these gifts according to his will? The word here used for "worketh," Ivtpyii, is never applied in the New Testament but to an agent, and that commonly one of great power. Middl. 225, 226.
(g) " Dividing, &c." Some persons occasionally valued themselves upon the spiritual powers conferred on themselves, or their immediate teachers, because they were of a superior nature; and this conduct St. Paul censures, by reminding them that all the gifts are conferred, and that too at the mere will of the Holy Spirit. See ante, 59. note (*) on Rom. xii. S, 4.
(A) "As he will." So that he is free from all control, which is one of the marks of divinity. Bellarmine de Christo, lib. i. c. ix. 827.
beheld the city, and wept over it,
42. saying, "If (i) thou hadst
"known, even thou, at least in
"this thy day (k), the things
** which belong unto thy peace;
"but now they are hid from
"thine eyes. 43. For the days
"shall come upon thee, that
"thine enemies shall cast a
"trench about thee, and compass
"(/) thee round, and keep thee
"in on every side, 44. and shall
"lay thee even with the ground,
"and thy children within thee;
"and they shall not leave in thee
"one stone (m) upon another;
"because thou knewest not the
"time of thy visitation." 45. And
he went into the temple, and
began to cast out them that sold
therein, and them that bought;
46. saying unto them, "It is
"written, "My house is the house
"of prayer:" but ye have made
"it a den of thieves." 47. And
he taught (n) daily in the temple.
(»') i). 42. "If, &c." A mode of expressing an earnest wish, "O that thou "hadst." When Moses made his anxious prayer to God, to forgive the Israelites for their sin in making the golden calf, his expression was, "Yet now, if thou wilt, for"give their sin; and if not, blot me, I "pray thee, out of thy book. Exod. "xxxii. 31."
(k) "Thy day,'' i. e. "the time of thy M trial or visitation." In Ps. exxxvii. 7. the time when Jerusalem was taken by the Babylonians, is called " the day of Jerusa"lem." See ante, 32. note on Luke xxi. 25.
(1) v. 4-3. "Compass, &c." This was literally fulfilled: Titus surrounded the city with a wall 39 furlongs in length, and strengthened it with 13 forts, so that no persons could escape from the city, nor could any provision be carried in. The Christians had before had the opportunity of escaping, and had done so. See ante, 76. note (t) on Matt. xxiv. 31.
(m) v. 44. " One stone, &c." This, though a figurative expression, was literally fulfilled. The Jewish writer, Joseph us, has given a full account of the
Eleventh Sunday after Trinity.
O God, who declarest thy Almighty power most chiefly in shewing mercy and pity; Mercifully grant unto us such a measure of thy grace, that we running the way of thy commandments, may obtain thy gracious promises, and be made partakers of thy heavenly treasure, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The Epistle. 1 Cor. xv. 1.
.brethren, I declare unto you the Gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand: 2. by which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. 3. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures (o); 4. and that he was
destruction of Jerusalem, according to which every thing foretold by our Saviour, in Matthew xxiv. — Mark xiii. and Luke xix. and xxi. was fully verified. Each of these gospels was promulgated many years before the event. The exact completion of our Saviour's predictions, was a strong proof of the truth of his religion, calculated to confirm the faith of those who had embraced it, and to bring over those who were examining its pretensions; and as these predictions were reduced into writing, and publicly circulated some years Defore the event which completed them occurred, it could not be objected to them, (as it might, had they rested in memory only,) that they were made to correspond with the events after they had happened.
(n) v. 47. " Taught, &c." This fulfilled the prophecies in Hagg. ii. 7.9. See ante, 121. note on Luke xxii. 53. and Mai. iii1. ante, 69.
(o) v. 3. " According to the Scriptures." Is. liii. and see ante, 143. note on Luke xxiv. 46.
buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the Scriptures (p): 5. and that he was seen ot Cephas (q), then of the twelve: 6. after that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain (r) unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. 7. After that, he was seen of (s) James; then of all (t) the Apostles. 8. And last of all he was seen of (u) me also, as of one born out of due time. 9. For I am the least of the Apostles, that am not meet to be called an Apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. 10. But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I (x), but the grace of God which was with me. ll. Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.
The Gospel. Luke xviii. 9. (y)
Jesus spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous,
and despised others: 10. "Two "men went up into the temple to "pray; the one a Pharisee, and "the other a publican. 11. The "Pharisee stood and prayed thus "with himself: God, I thank thee "that I am not as other men are "(z), extortioners, unjust, adul"terers, or even as this publican: "12. I fast twice in the week, I "give tithes of all that I possess." "13. And the publican, standing "afar off, would not lift up so "much as his eyes unto heaven, "but smote upon his breast, say"ing, "God be merciful to me "a sinner." 14. I tell you, "This man went down to his "house justified (a) rather than "the other: for every one that "exalteth himself shall be abased; "and he that humbleth himself "shall be exalted."
Twelfth Sunday after Trinity. The Collect. Almighty and everlasting God, who art always more ready to hear than we to pray, and art wont to give more than either we desire or deserve; Pour down upon us
(p) v. 4. " According to the Scriptures." See ante, 137. note on John xx. 9.
(q) v. 5. " Cephas," i. e. "St. Peter." Oar Lord gave him the name of Cephas when first he saw him, John i. 42.—One appearance to St. Peter, the day of the resurrection, is mentioned, Luke xxiv. 34. "They found the eleven gathered toge"ther, and them that were with them, "saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and "hath appeared to Simon;" another in Galilee, at the sea of Tiberias, is detailed in John xxi. 1 to 25.
(r) v. 6. " Unto this present." So that this epistle was written, whilst many who had seen our Saviour at his resurrection continued alive.
(j) v. 7. "James;" who (probably) was with Cleophas at Emmaus. See Luke xxiv. 13. &c. ante, 139.
(t) See Luke xxiv. 36. ante, 142.
(a) v. 8. " Of me." After the ascension, at St. Paul's conversion. See Acts ix. 1 to 20. ante, 65, 66.
(x) v. 10. "Not I, &c." Throwing the merit from himself upon God's gracious interposition.
(v) See ante, 169. note on Acts x. 43. and ante, 183. note on Luke vi. 37.
(z) v. 11. •* As other men are, &c." Referring to a false standard. The true test is, not whether we are better than others, but whether we are as good as God has required us to be? If we are not, we have sinned, and it is no excuse for us that others have sinned more. See ante, 183. note on Luke vi. 37.
(a) v. 14. *« Justified." In a condition to be treated by God's mercy as just, with his sins forgiven, cleared, absolved.