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waxen rich. 28. They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

29. Shall I not visit for these things? saith the Lord: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?

30. A wonderful and horrible thing is committed in the land; 31. The pro

"phets prophesy falsely, and the priests "bear rule by their means; and my "people love (/) to have it so: and M'hat "will ye do (u) in the end thereof?"


1 Hus saith tin- Lord, "Go down to "the house of the king of Judah (y), "and speak there this word. 2. And "say, " Hear the word of the Lord, O "king of Judah, that sittest upon the "throne of David, thou, and thy ser"vants, and thy people that enter in by "these gates; 3. Thus saith the Lord, "" Execute ye judgment and righteous"ness, and deliver the spoiled out of "the hand of the oppressor: and do no "wrong, do no violence to the stranger, "the fatherless, nor the widow, neither "shed innocent blood in this place. M 4. For if ye do this thing indeed, then

shall there enter in by the gates of this house kings sitting upon die throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, he, and his servants, and his people. 5. But if ye will not hear these words, I swear by myself, saith the Lord, that this house shall become a desolation. 6. For thus saith the Lord unto the king's house of Judah, "Thou art Gilead (z) unto me, and the (z) head of Lebanon : yet surely I will make thee a wilderness, and cities which are not inhabited. 7. And I will prepare destroyers against thee, every one with his weapons, and they shall cut down thy choice cedars (a), and cast them into the fire. 8. And many nations shall pass by this city, and they shall say every man to his neighbour, "Wherefore hath the Lord done thus unto this great city?"

9. Then they shall answer, "Because they have forsaken the covenant of the Lord their God, and worshipped other gods, and served them."

10. Weep ye not for the dead, neither bemoan him; but weep sore for him that goeth (b) away: for he shall return no more, nor see his native country. 11. For thus saith the Lord touching Shallum (c), the son of Josiah

(t) v. 31. "Love, &c." This is not the only passage in which the folly of wishing far false prophecies rather than true is imputed to them. It is a charge against them, Is. xxx. 10. (ante, 640.) that they "say to the seers, see not; and to the pro"phets, prophesy not unto us right things; "speak unto us smooth things, prophesy "deceits."

(a) " What will ye do," i.e. (probably) "how will you be able to bear the heavy "judgment this must bring upon you?"

(x) A solemn warning to Jehoiakim, king of Judab, probably in the first year of his reign, B. C. 609. In the third year, 606 years before Christ, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem, and besieged it, and the Lord gave Jehoiakim into his hand, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years (see Dan.i.

1, 2 2 Kings xxiv. 1.); and this warning

seems to have preceded that event.

(y) y. 1. "The king of Judab," i. e. "Jehoiakim, the sen of Josiah."

(z) v.6. "Gilead," and «' the head of "Lebanon," (figurative,) intimating, from the delight these places were calculated to inspire, the delight he was disposed to take in the king's house or family. Josiah, his father, "had turned to the Lord with all "his heart, and with all his soul, and with "all his might, according to all the law of "Moses, so that like unto him was there no "king before him, neither after him arose "there any like him. 2 Kings xxiii. 25." ante, 606.

{a) v. 7. "Thy choice cedars," i. e. "thy princes, thy chief men."

(b) v. 10. " Goeth," rather " is gone;" referring to Shallum, mentioned in verse 11.

(c) t>. 11. "Shallum," called "Jehoahaz," 2 Kings xxiii. 30, 31. and 2 Chron. xxxvi. 1, 2. He was a younger son of Josiah, but the people made him king before Jehoiakim: Pharaoh Nechoh king of Egypt put him down, and carried him to Egypt, where he died. 2 Kings xxiii. 31. 33, 34. and 2 Chron. xxxvi. 1. 3, 4.

king of Judah, which reigned in stead of Josiah his father which went forth out of this place; "He shall not return thither any more: 12. But he shall die in the place whither they have led him captive, and shall see this land no more." 13. Woe unto him thnt buildeth (d) his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that useth his neighbour's service without wages, and giveth him not for his work: 14. That saith, "I will build me a wide house and large chambers, and cutteth him out windows; and it is ceiled with cedar, and painted with vermilion." 15. Shalt thou reign because thou closest thy self in cedar? did not thy father (c) eat and drink (g) and do judgment and justice, and then it Was well with him? 16. He judged the cause of the poor and needy, then it was well with him: was not this to know me? saith the Lord. 17. But thine eyes and thine heart are not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do it. 18. Therefore thus saith the Lord

(d) v. 13. " That buildeth, &c." referring to Jchoiakim, " he did that which was evil "in the sight of the Lord. 2Kingsxxiii. 37."

(e) v. 15. "Thy father," i. e. "Josiah." "He did that which was right in the sight "of the Lord, and walked in all the ways "of David his forefather, and turned not "aside to the right hand, or to the left. "2Kingsxxii.2."

(g-)"Eat and drink," i.e. "live in plenty."

(h)v.1 8." Ah my brother! or, Ah sister:" i. e. "there shall not be the ordinary la"mentations for his loss:" it shall not be made a topic of regret.

(i) v. 19. "Burial of an ass," explained by a further prophecy against him, Jer. xxxvi. 30. post, 684., "his dead body "shall be cast out in the day to the heat, "and in the night to the frost." And accordingly Josephus relates, that Nebuchadnezzar slew him, after he had reigned 11 years, and caused his body to be cast from the top of the walls of Jerusalem, and vouchsafed him no sepulchre. Joseph. Antiq. B. 10. c. 7.

(k) v. 20. "Go up, &c." (sarcastically,) "ascend your, highest mountains, look for

"concerning Jehoiakim the son of "Josiah king of Judah, "They shall "not lament for him, saying, "Ah my "brother! or, Ah sister (h)! they shall "not lament for him, saying, Ah Lord! "or, Ah his glory! 19. He shall be "buried with the burial of an ass [i], "drawn and cast forth beyond the gates "of Jerusalem." 20. Go up (k) to Le"banon, and cry and lift up thy voice "in Bashan, and cry from the passages: "for all thy lovers (/) are destroyed. "21. I spake unto thee in thy pro"sperity, bid thou saidst, "I will not "hear:" this hath been thy manner "from thy youth, that thou obeyedst "not my voice. 22. The wind shall "eat up all thy pastures, and thy lovers "shall go into captivity: surely then "shalt thou be ashamed and confounded "for all thy wickedness. 23. 0 inha"bitant of Lebanon (m), that makest thy "nest in the cedars, how gracious (») "shalt thou be when pangs come upon "thee, the pain as of a woman in tra"vail? 24. As I live saith the Lord, "though Coniah (o) the son of Jehoi"akim king of Judah were die signet

"help from your allies, it will not comf-" An intimation too, that they would be in such difficulties as would make tbem look anxiously for aid.

(/) v. 20. 22. "Thy lovers," i. e. " the "nations who are friendly towards you: "who have given you assistance:" referring probably to Egypt, the king of which had put Jehoiakim upon the throne. 2Kinp xxiii. 34. These passages may also fee considered as foretelling a great diminution of the Egyptian power before the completion ot the Babylonish captivity: « find accordingly, after the reign of Jelwakim, that " the king of Egypt came not *' again any more out of his land: for we "king of Babylon had taken from the river "of Egypt" (the Nile) "unto the river "Euphrates all that pertained to the king "of Egypt. 2 Kings xxiv. 7."

(m) v. 23. " Inhabitant of Lebanon, 4c. a figurative expression for "the Jews ffl the height of their pride.

(n) "Gracious," or "humble;" ijj temper how different from that mentioned in verse 21.!

(o) v. 24/28. " Coniah," also called Je

upon my right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence; 25. And I will give thee into the hand of them that seek thy life, and into the hand of them whose face thou fearest, even into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of the Chaldeans. 26. And I will cast diee out, and thy mother that bare thee, into another country where ye were not born; and there shall ye die. 27. But to the land whereunto they desire to return, thither shall they not return. 28. Is (p) this man Coniah a despised broken idol? is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into a land which they know not? 29.Oearth,earth, earth, hear the word of the Lord. 30. Thus saith the Loud, " Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his "days: for no man of his seed shall "prosper, sitting upon the throne of "David, and ruling any more in Ju« dah."


He word which came unto Jeremiah from the Lord in the days of Jehoiakim (r) the son of Josiah king of Judah, saying, 2. " Go unto the house of the "Rechabites, and speak unto them, and "bring them into the house of the Lord, "into one of the chambers, and give "them wine to drink." 3. Then I took Jaazaniah the son of Jeremiah, the son of Habiziniah, and his brethren, and

all his sons, and the whole house of the llechabites. 4. And I brought them into the house of the Lord, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan die son of Igdaliah, a man of God, which was by the chamber of the princes (s), which was above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the keeper of the door. 5. And I set before the sons of the house of the Rechabites, pots full of wine, and cups: and I said unto them, "Drink ye "wine." 6. But they said, "We will "drink no wine: for Jonadab (t) the "son of Rechab our father (t) com"manded us, saying, "Ye shall drink "no wine, neither ye, nor your sons for "ever. 7. Neither shall ye build house, "nor sow seed, nor plant vineyard, nor "have any ,■ but all your days ye shall "dwell in tents, that ye may live many "days in the land where ye be strangers." "8. Thus («) have we obeyed the voice "of Jonadab the son of Rechab our fa"ther in all that he hath charged us, "to drink no wine all our days, we, our "wives, our sons, nor our daughters; "9. Nor to build houses for us to dwell "in; neither have we vineyard, nor "field, nor seed. 10. But we have "dwelt in tents, and have obeyed, and "done according to all that Jonadab "our father commanded us. 11. But "it came to pass when Nebuchadrezzar "king of Babylon came up into the "land, that we said, "Come, and let "us go to Jerusalem for fear of the "army of the Chaldeans, and for fear

coniah and Jehoiachin; he succeeded his father Jehoiakim, and reigned three months; and then Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon carried him to Babylon, and made his uncle Zedekiah king. He did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord, and continued in captivity in Babylon 37 years.

2 Kings xxiv. 8,9.17 xxv. 27.-2 Chron.

xxvi. 9, io.

(p) v. 28. " Is, &c." The meaning probably is this —" Is Coniah a man I would "have disregarded? Is he not one I would "willingly have favoured? Why then, but "for his wickedness, is he cast out?"

(?) From the example of the Rechabites "i obeying the injunctions of their fore

father, God takes occasion to denounce vengeance upon the Jews for disobeying his commandments.

(r)c. 1. - Of Jehoiakim," in the third year of whose reign the Babylonish captivity commenced.

(*) v. 4. " Princes," i. e. "the great men "ofthesanhedrin. 1 Lightf. 1063."

U) v. 6. "Father," i. e. «« forefather. "Jenodab the son of Rechab" (probably the person here intended) is mentioned 2 Kings x. 15.; and the transaction there stated occurred near 290 years before Jehoiakim's reign.

(a) «. 8. "Thus," or " and," " accord"ingly."

"of the army of the Syrians; so we (x) "dwell at Jerusalem." 1 ll. Then came the word of the Lord unto Jeremiah, saving, 13. "Thus saith the Lord of "hosts, the God of Israel; ** Go, and "tell the men of Judah and the inha"bitants of Jerusalem, will ye not re"ceive instruction to hearken to my "words? saith the Lord. 14. The "words of Jonadab the son of Rechab, "that he commanded his sons not to "drink wine, are performed; for unto *' this day they drink none, but obey "their father's commandment; notwith"standing I have spoken unto you, "rising early (y) and speaking, but ye "hearkened not unto me. 15. I have "sent also unto you all my servants the "prophets, rising up early and sending "them, saying, "Return (z) ye now "every man from his evil way, and "amend your doings, arid go not after M other gods to serve them, and ye shall "dwell in the land which I have given "to you and to your fathers;" but ye "have not inclined your ear, nor heark"ened unto me. 16. Because the sons *' of Jonadab the son of Rechab have "performed the commandment of their "father, which he commanded them, "but this people hath not hearkened "unto me; 17. Therefore thus saith *' the Lord God of hosts, the God of "Israel; "Behold, I will bring upon

(x) v. 11. "We dwell:" not that they had been dwelling there for any length of time. — It was at this very time Nebuchadnezzar was invading the land: and this accounts for their being then at Jerusalem.

(y) v. 14. "Rising early," a figurative expression to denote extraordinary pains.

(z) v. 15. "Return, Ac." Many of the warnings God gave them occur in Isaiah, and the book of Jeremiah abounds with them.

(a) v. 17. "All the evil, &c.*'i.e. "that "they should be invaded, and carried into "captivity." See ante, 629. Is. v. 26. and Jer. v. 15 to 18. ante, 678.

(A) v. 19. "For ever," i. e. " for a long "time, for many generations."

(c) A merciful attempt by God to reclaim the king and the people.

(d) v. 1. " Fourth year." In the third year of Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem, took Jehoiakim (Dan. i.

"Judah and upon all the inhabitants of "Jerusalem all the evil (a) that I have "pronounced against them: because 1 "have spoken unto them, but they have "not heard, and I have called unto "them, but they have not answered." 18. And Jeremiah said unto the house of the Rechabites, "Thus saith the "Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: "Because ye have obeyed the command"ment of Jonadab your fadier, ami "kept all his precepts, and done ac"cording unto all that he hath oom"manded you:" 19. Therefore thus "saith the Lord of hosts, the God of "Israel; "Jonadab the son of Rechab "shall not want a man to stand before "me for ever, (i)


And it came to pass in the fourth year (d) of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that this word came unto Jeremiah from the Lord, savin?. 2. "Take thee a roll of a book, and "write therein all the words that I have "spoken unto thee against (e) Israel, "andagainst(e) Judah, and against (<)a)l "the nations, from the day I spake "unto thee, from the days of Josiah "even unto this day. 3. It may be "that the house of Judah will hear all "the evil (g) which I purpose to do

I, 2.) and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon. (2 Chron. xxxvi. 71 Whether he did carry him thither doesDOt appear, but Jehoiakim became his seront three years, and then rebelled: (2 Kings xxiv. 1.) This commission therefore K Jeremiah and Baruch, and the reading a the roll, was probably after the people had suffered the horrors of a siege Sm Jehoiakim had felt the power of his adversary, but after Nebuchadnezzar had released him. Before Christ 605.

(e) v. 2. " Against," or " concerning." {g) v. 3. " All the evil, &c" See ante, 678. Jer. v. 15. — and see Jer. vii. 31 » 8*.—viii. 1 to 3. and 13 to 17.—«• H.

xi. 11 to 23. — xiii. 13, 14. 24 xv. 1 M

9. —xvi. 1 to l*->^xvii. 1 to 4.—zrio.

II. 16, 17. —xix. 3 to 9. — Xxt. 8 » 11. &c. In the preceding year, putot God's denunciations against the Jews began to be fulfilled. Nebuchadnezzar hie

"unto them; that they may return "every man from his evil way, that I "may forgive their iniquity and their "sin." 4. Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah; and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the Lord, which he had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a hook. 5. And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, "I am shut (h) up, I "cannot go into the house of the "Lord: 6. Therefore go thou and "read in the roll which thou hast "written from my mouth, the words "of the Lord in the ears of the people "in the Lord's house upon the fasting "day: and also thou shalt read them "in the ears of all Judah, that come "out of their cities. 7. It may be they "will present their supplication before "the Lord, and will return every one "from his evil way; for great is the "anger and the fury that the Lord "hath pronounced against this people." 8. And Baruch the son of Neriah did according to all that Jeremiah the prophet commanded him, reading in the book the words of the Lord in the Lord's house. 9. And it came to pass in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, in the ninth month, that they proclaimed a fast before the Lord to all the people in Jerusalem, and to all the people that came from the cities of Judah unto Jerusalem. 10. Then read Baruch in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of the Lord, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the scribe, in the higher court, at the entry of the new gate of the Lord's house, in the ears of all the people. 11. When Michaiah the son of Gemariah the son of Shaphan had heard out of the book all the words of the Lord, 12. Then he went down into the king's house, into the scribe's chamber, and lo, all the princes sat there, even Elishama the

besieged Jerusalem, made Jehoiakim prisoner, and carried away to Babylon part of the vessels of the house of God, and many 0f tne children of the king's seed ?°d of the princes, amongst whom was Daniel the prophet (see Dan. i. 1 to 6.);

scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and all the princes. 13. Then Michaiah declared unto them all the words that he had heard when Baruch read the book in the ears of the people.

14. Therefore all the princes sent Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, unto Baruch, saying, "Take in thine hand "the roll wherein thou hast read in "the ears of the people, and come." So Baruch the son of Neriah took the roll in his hand, and came unto them.

15. And they said unto him, " Sit "down now, and read it in our ears." So Baruch read it in their ears.

16. Now it came to pass when they had heard all the words, they were afraid both one and other, and said unto Baruch, " We will surely tell the king "of all these words." 17. And they asked Baruch, saying, "Tell us now, "How didst thou write all these words "at his mouth?" 18. Then Baruch answered them, "He pronounced "all these words unto me with his "mouth, and I wrote them with ink in "the book." 19. Then said the princes unto Baruch, "Go hide thee, thou "and Jeremiah, and let no man know "where ye be" 20. And they went in to the king into the court, but they laid up the roll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe, and told all the words in the ears of the king. 21. So the king sent Jehudi to fetch the roll, and he took it outof Elishama thescribe's chamber; and Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the princes which stood beside the king. 22. Now the king sat in the winter house in the ninth month; and there was a Jire on the hearth burning before him. 23. And it came to pass that when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, he (»') cut it with the

but " all the evil" God. had threatened had by no means been accomplished.

(h) v. 5. " Shut up," i. e. (probably) "in prison." See Jer. xxvi.

(/; v. 23. "He," i. e. the king.

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