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maintained my own independence without pride or inco. lence, have moderated my attachment to external objects, and placed my affections on the virtuous and honest character, and may trust to have so passed through things temporal as finally not to lose things eternal-I shall have lived enough.” · A few of Mr. Gough's publications yet remain to be noticed: 1. New*editions of " Description des Royaulmes d’Angleterre et d'Ecossé, composeé par Etienne Perlin,” Paris, 1558; and of “ Histoire de l'entree de la Reine Mère dans le Grande Bretagne, par de la Serre,” Paris, 1639; which he illustrated with cuts, and English notes; and introduced by historical prefaces, in 1775. 2. “A Catalogue of the Coins of Canute, king of Denmark and England, with specimens,” 1777, 4to. 3. “ An Essay on the Rise and Progress of Geography in Great Britain and Ireland ; illus, trated with specimens of our oldest maps," 1780, 4to; and
Catalogue of Sarum and York Missals," 1780, both extracted from the second edition of his “ British Topography.” 5. “A comparative view of the ancient Monuments of India," &c. 1785, 4to. 6.“ List of the members of the Society of Antiquaries of London, from their revival in 1717 to June 1796; arranged in chronological and alphabetical order," 1798, 4to. 7. In the same year he amended and considerably enlarged, from the Paris edition of 1786, an English translation of the “ Arabian Nights Entertainments,” to which he added notes of illustration, and a preface, in which the supplementary tales published by Dom. Chavis, are proved to be a palpable forgery, 8. ". A Letter to the Lord Bishop of London, by a Layman," 1799, 8vo, on various subjects connected with the prosperity of the church. 9. “ Rev. Kennett Gibson's comment upon part of the fifth journey of Antoninus through Britain,” &c. 1809, 4to. 10.“ Description of the Beauchamp chapel, adjoining to the church of St. Mary at Warwick,” 1804, 4to. As to his assistance to his friends engaged in literary pursuits, it was more extensive than probably will ever be known; but some particulars are stated by his biographer, to which we refer, and many other acknowledgments may be found in various works published within the last forty years. It is to be regretted that no portrait of Mr. Gough exists, nor is it known that he ever would consent to sit to any of the many artists with whom he was connected, and to some of whom he was a steady patron. His person was short, inclining to corpulence. His features bespoke the energy and activity of his mind. In youth he was peculiarly shy, which he attributed to a late entrance into the world, and an irresistible habit of application to books. As his intercourse with society advanced; his manner became niore easy, and his conversation was always lively, often with a pleasant flow of humour, and his disposition communicative.'
GOUJET (CLAUDE PETER), à canon of St. James de l'Hopital, and an associated academician of Marseilles, Rouen, Angers, and Auxerre, was born at Paris, Oct. 19, 1697. His father was á taylor, with a tradesman-like aversion to learning, in the pursuit of which, however, he found it impossible to prevent his son from employing his early years. He began his studies at Paris, and carried them on principally in the Jesuits' college, and in the congregation of the oratory. In 1720 he obtained a canonry of St. James de l'Hopital. He died at Paris, Feb. 2, 1767. His whole life appears to have been a scene of literary labour; always useful, and often conducted with great judgment. In order to pursue his studies without interruption at home, or the necessity of having recourse to foreign assistance, he accumulated a fine library of 10,000 volumes, in all branches of literature, but particularly literary history and biography. For fifty years he continued to publish one voluminous compilation after another; and by close application, so impaired his sight that he was almost blind some time before his death. The last editor of Moreri divides his publications into translations, works of piety, works of literary history, lives and eloges, papers in the literary Journals, and lastly prefaces; in all amounting to eighty-three articles. Of these the most useful appear to be, 1.“ Les Vies des Saints," Paris, 1730, 7 vols. 12mo, often reprinted in 4to, and other forms. 2. “ Bibliotheque des auteurs ecclesiastiques du XVIII. siecle, pour servir de continuation a celle de M. du Pin, &c.” ibid. 1736, 3 vols. 8vo. 3. “ Supplement” to Moreri's Dictionary, ibid. 1735, 2 vols. fol. He also pointed out many hundred errors in the early éditions of that work. 4. “ Nouveau Supplement" to the same dic. tionary, ibid. 1749, fol. with a volume of " Additions," 1750, fol. 5.“ Bibliotheque Françoise, ou histoire de la
I Nichols's Bowyer, vol. VI, where, and in the other volumes of that inte. resting series of literary history, will be found many particulars relative to Mr. Gough's connexious, and a very considerable collection of his epistolary correa spondence.
litterature Française," from the invention of printing, 21 vols. 12mo, ibid. 1740-1759. This is the most useful of all his works. It was undertaken at the request of M. D'Argenson, the secretary of state. It in some measure resembles Niceron, whom he also assisted in his useful “Memoires,” and wrote his life. 6.“ De l'etat des Sciences en France, depuis la mort de Charlemagne jusqu'a celle du roi Robert,” 1737, 12mo, This learned dissertation obtained the prize of the academy of belles lettres, and the members of this academy are said to have done for Goujet what they had never done for any other man. Without any solicitation, or knowledge of the matter on his part, they sent a deputation of six of their number to him, requesting the honour of choosing him, in the room of the deceased abbé de. Vertot. 7. A new edition of Richelet's Dictionary, Lyons, 1756, 3 vols. fol. 8.“ L'Histoire du College Royal de France,” 4to. 9. “ Hist. du Pontificat de Paul V." Amsterdam (Paris) 1765, 2 vols. 1 2mo. This was his last work, in which he is much less favourable to the Jesuits than might have been expected from one educated among them."
GOUJON (John), an eminent sculptor and architect of Paris, lived under Francis I. and Henry II. and is supposed to have designed the fronts of the old Louvre. This artist's figures, in demi-relief, have never been surpassed; nor can any thing of that kind be more beautiful than his Fountain of the Innocents, in the street of St. Denis at Paris. The cariatides which support a tribune in the hall of the Hundred Swiss at the Louvre are no less so. Many more of his works may be seen in that city, which are the admiration of connoisseurs, and remind us of the simple and sublime beauties of the antique style ; for which reason he is justly called the Corregio of sculpture.”
GOULART (Simon), a protestant divine, and voluminous writer, was born at Senlis, Oct. 20, 1543, and studied divinity at Geneva, where he was ordained in October 1566, and was appointed one of the ministers of that city, a situation which be filled for the long space of sixtytwo years. His residence at Geneva was never discontinued but on account of three journies be took to France, on matters relating to the protestant churches, the one in 1576, when he went to Forez; the second in 1582, to . Moreri.—Dict. Hist.
· Dict. Hist.
year, and in He died of the
Champagne, and the third in 1600, to Grenoble. The rest of his life he devoted to his pastoral duties, and to his numerous works, which prove him one of the most indefatigable writers of his time. He died Feb. 3, 1628, in his eighty-fifth year, and in full possession of his faculties. He preached but seven days before his death. Scaliger, who had a great esteem for him, says he was an ingenious man, who learnt all he knew without the assistance of a master.
Among the works which he edited and commented upon, were those of Plutarch, St. Cyprian, Seneca, &c. , He made a collection of “ Remarkable Histories,” in 2 vols. 8vo, and wrote several pieces relating to the history of his own times, particularly a “ Collection of the most memorable events which occurred during the League, with 'notes and original documents,” in 6 vols. 4to. Many of his pieces were anonymous, but to these he usually affixed the initials S. G. S. signifying “ Simon Goulart Senlisien." He was so well acquainted with the secrets of literary history, and of anonymous publications, that Henry III. of France, wishing to know the author of a piece published under the assumed name of Stephanus Junius Brutus, and intended to propagate republican doctrines, sent a person to Geneva to consult Goulart, but the latter refused to communicate the fact, for fear of exposing the author to serious injury. He had a son, who was a minister of the Walloon church at Amsterdam, and a strenuous assertor of Arminian tenets, but did not attain his father's reputation.'
GOULSTON, GOULSON, or GULSON (THEODORE), an eminent English physician in the seventeenth century, was born in Northamptonshire, and was son of Mr. William Goulston, rector of Wymondham, in Leicestershire. He became probationer fellow of Merton college, Oxford, in 1596, where he took the degrees of B. and M. A. and afterwards applied himself to the study of physic, which he practised first in Oxford, and afterwards at Wymondham, where he was much resorted to for his advice. On April 30, 1610, he took the degree of doctor of physic, and became candidate of the college of physicians at London, being well approved by the president, censors, and fellows; and the year following he was made a fellow and censor of that college. He was soon introduced into very exten,
1 Gen, Dict.-Niceron, vol. XXIX.
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sive practice in the city of London, and distinguished himself likewise to great advantage by his skill in the Latin and Greek languages, and divinity, and by his writings. His affection to the public good and to the advancement of the faculty of physic was such, that by his last will and testament he gave two hundred pounds to purchase a rent-charge for the maintenance of an annual lecture within the college of physicians of London. This lecture was to be read from time to time by one of the four youngest doctors in physic of the college, and to be upon two, or three, or more diseases, as the censors should direct; and to be read yearly, at a convenient season betwixt Michaelmas and Easter, upon some dead body (if procurable) on three days 'successively, in the forenoon and afternoon. He left likewise several books to Merton college, besides several other donations, which legacies were punctually paid by his widow Ellen, who being possessed of the impropriate parsonage of Bardwell in Suffolk, procured leave from the king to annex the same to the vicarage, and gave them both to the college of St. John's, in Oxford. Our author died at his house within the parish of St. Martin Ludgate, May 4, 1632, and was interred with great solemnity in the church of that parish.
The public has been indebted on several occasions to the Gulstonian institution for ingenious dissertations, delivered as lectores; as those of Dr. Musgrave; Dr. Fordyce's treatise on digestion ; Dr. Saunders, &c. Dr. Goulston wrote, 1. “ Versio Latina et paraphrasis in Aristotelis rhetoricam," London, 1619, 1623, &c. in 4to. 2. “ Aristotelis de Poeticâ liber Latinè conversus, et analyticâ methodo illustratus," London, 1623, 4to. 3. “ Versio, variæ Lectiones, et Annotationes criticæ in opuscula varia Galeni,” London, 1640, 4to, published by his friend Mr. Thomas Gataker, rector of Rotherhithe, in Surrey.'
GOULU (John), a French writer of some note, was the son of Nicholas Goulu, royal professor of Greek in the university of Paris, in 1567, and author of a translation from Greek into Latin of Gregentius's dispute with the Jew Herbanus, which De Noailles, the French ambassador, had brought from Constantinople, and of other works, a col. lection of which was printed at Paris in 1580. His son was born at Paris Aug. 25, 1576, and educated for the bar;
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