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he made use of that time in publishing a piece begun by Dr. Bainbridge, and completed by himself, printed at Ox+ ford in 1648, under the title of “ Johannis Bainbriggii Canicularia, &c.” He dedicated this piece to doctor (afterwards sir George) Ent, with whom he had commenced an acquaintance at Padua, in Italy ; and that gentleman gave many proofs of his sincere friendship to our author, as well as to Dr. Pococke, in these times.

But the tyrannical violence of the parliamentary visitors was now above all restraint, and a fresh charge was drawn up against Greaves. Dr. Walter Pope informs us, that, considering the violence of the visitors, Greaves saw it would be of no service to him to make any defence; and, finding it impossible to keep his professorship, he made it his business to procure an able and worthy person to suc. ceed him. By the advice of Dr. Charles Scarborough the physician, having pitched upon Mr. Seth Ward, he opened the matter to that gentleman, whom he soon met with there; and at the same time proposed a method of compassing it, by which Ward not only obtained the place, but the full arrears of the stipend, amounting to 5001. due to Greaves, and allowed him a considerable part of his salary. The murder of the king, which happened soon after, was a shock to Greaves, and lamented by him in pathetic terms, in a letter to Dr. Pococke : " O my good friend, my good friend, never was sorrow like our sorrow; excuse me now, if I am not able to write to you, and to answer your questions. O Lord God, avert this great sin and thy judgments from this nation. However, he bore up against his own injuries with admirable fortitude; and, fixing his residence in London, he married, and, living upon his patrimonial estate, went on as before, and produced some other curious Arabic and Persic. treatises, translated by him with notes, every year. Besides which, he had prepared several others for the public view, and was meditating more when he was seized by a fatal disorder, which put a period to his life, October 8, 1652, before he was full fifty years of age. He was interred in the church of St. Bennet Sherehog, in London. His loss, was much lamented by his friends, to whom he was particularly en. deared by joining the gentleman to the scholar. He was endowed with great firmness of mind, steadiness in friendship, and ardent zeal in the interest which he espoused, though, as he declares himself, not at all inclined to con. tention. He was highly esteemed by the learned in foreign parts, with many of whom he corresponded. Nor was he less valued at home by all who were judges of his great worth and abilities. He had no issue by his wife, to whom he bequeathed his estate for her life; and having left his cabinet of coins to his friend sir John Marsham, author of the “ Canon Chronicus," he appointed the eldest of his three younger brothers (Dr. Nicolas Greaves), his executor, who by will bestowed our author's astronomical instruments on the Savilian library at Oxford, where they are reposited, together with several of his papers ; but many others were sold by his widow to a bookseller, and lost or dispersed is

Besides his papers in the Philosophical Transactions, his works printed separately are, 1.“ Pyramidologia; or a description of the Pyramids in Egypt," Lond. 1646, 8vo. 2.“ A Discourse of the Roman Foot and Denarius," ibid. 1647, 8vo. 3. “ Elementa. Linguæ Persicæ,” ibid. 1649, 4to. 4. “ Epochæ celebriores astronomis, historicis, chronologis Chataiorum, Syro-græcorum, Arabum, Persarum, &c. usitatæ, ex traditione Ulug Beigi; Arab. et Lat.” ibid. 1650, 4to. 5.“ Chorasmiæ et Mawaralnabræ, hoc est, regionum extra fluvium Oxum, descriptio,” ibid. 1650, -4to..6." Astronomicæ quædam, ex traditione Shah Cholgii Persæ, una cum hypothesibus planetarum," &c. ibid. 1652, 4to. In 1737 Dr. Birch published the “ Miscellaneous Works” of our author, 2 vols. 8vo, containing some of the above, with additions, and a life. - Mr. Greaves had three brothers, Nicholas, Thomas, and Edward, all men of distinguished learning-Dr. Ni. CHOLAS Greaves was a commoner of St. Mary's Hall, in Oxford, whence in 1627 he was elected fellow of All-Souls college. In 1640 he was proctor of that university. No. vember 1st 1642 he took the degree of B. D. and July 6th the year following, that of D. D. He was dean of Dromore in Ireland.Dr. THOMAS Greaves was admitted a scholar of Corpus Christi college in Oxford March 15th, 1627, and chosen fellow thereof in 1636, and deputy reader of the Arabic during the absence of Mr. Edward Pocock in 1637. He took the degree of B. D. October 22, 1641, and was rector of Dunsby in Lincolnshire during the times preceding the Restoration, and of another living near London. October 10th, 1661, he had the degree of D. D. conferred upon him, and a prebend in the church of Pe

of this Works” of 737 Dr. Birch bus planetaru, Shah Chol

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terborough in 1666, being then rector of Benefield in Northamptonshire, 6 which benefice he resigned some years before his death through trouble from his parishioners, who, because of his slowness of speech and bad utterance, held him insufficient for it, notwithstanding he was a man of great learning." In the latter part of his life he retired to Weldon in Northamptonshire, where he had purchased an estate, and died there May.22, 1676, in the sixty-fifth year of his age, and was interred in the chancel of the church, there. His writings are," De Linguæ Arabicæ utilitate et præstantiâ, oratio Oxonii habita 19 Julii 1637," Oxford, 1637, 4to ;: “ Observationes quædam in Persicam Pentateuchi versionem,” printed in the sixth volume of the Polyglot Bible; “Annotationes quædam in Persicam in. terpretationem Evangeliorum," printed in the same volume. These annotations were translated into Latin by Mr. Samuel Clarke. It appears likewise, by a letter of his to the celebrated nonconformist Baxter, that he bad made considerable progress in a refutation of Mahometanism from the Alcoran, upon a plan that was likely to have been useful in opening the eyes of the Mahometans to the impostures of their founder. He corresponded much with the learned men of his time, particularly Selden, and Wheelocke, the Arabic professor at Cambridge.-Dr. EdWARD Greaves, the youngest brother of Mr. John Greaves, was born at or near Croydon in Surrey, and admitted probationer fellow of All-Souls college in Oxford in 1634 ; and studying physic, took the degree of doctor of that faculty July 8, 1641, in which year and afterwards he practised with good success about Oxford. In 1643 he was elected superior lecturer of physic in Merton college, a chair founded by Dr. Thomas Linacre. Upon the declining of the king's cause he retired to London, and practised there, and sometimes at Bath. In March 1652 he was examined for the first time before the college of physicians at London, and October 1, 1657, was elected fellow. After the Restoration he was appointed physician in ordinary to king Charles II. and was created a baronet. Mr. Wood styles him a pretended baronet; but we find that he takes this title in his oration before the college of physicians; and in the sixth edition of Guillim's Heraldry are his arms in that rank. He died at his house in Covent Garden, November 11, 1680, and was interred in the parish church there. He wrote and published “ Morbus

Epidemicus, ann. 1643; or, the New Disease, with signs, causes, remedies,” &c. Oxford, 1643, 4to, written upon occasion of a disease called “Morbus Campestris," which raged in Oxford while the king and court were there. " Oratio habita in Ædibus Collegii Medicorum Londinensium, 25 July, 1661, die Harveii memoriæ dicato," Lond. 1667, 4to.

GRECINUS (JULIUS), a Roman senator, and a man of letters, fourished in the reign of Caligula, and was greatly distinguished for eloquence, and for the study of philosophy, as well as for a moral conduct surpassing that of many of his contemporaries. He refused to obey the command of the emperor to appear as the accuser of Marcus Silanus, and suffered death in consequence, in the 10th year of the Christian 'æra. Seneca, who never speaks of him without admiration, says, that he was put to death because he was too good a man to be permitted to live under a tyrant. He is said to have written a treatise concerning agriculture and the management of vines. He was the father of the illustrious Cn. Julius Agricola. ?

GREEN (JOHN), an English prelate, was born about 1706, at Beverly, in Yorkshire, and received the rudiments of his education at a private school. From this he was admitted a sizar in St. John's college, Cambridge ; and after taking his degrees in arts, with great credit as a classical scholar, engaged himself as usher to a school at Lichfield, before Dr. Johnson and Mr. Garrick had left that city, with both of whom he was of course acquainted, but he continued here only one year. In 1730 he was elected fellow of St. John's, and soon after the bishop of Ely procured him the vicarage of Hingeston from Jesus college, which was tenable with a fellowship of St. John's, but could not be held by any fellow of Jesus. In 1744, Charles duke of Somerset, chancellor of the university, appointed Mr. Green (then B. D.) his domestic chaplain, In January 1747, Green was presented by his noble patron to the rectory of Borough-green, near New-market, which he held with his fellowship. He then returned to college, and was appointed bursar. In December 1748, on the death of Dr. Whalley, he was elected regius professor of divinity, with which office he held the living of Barrow in

i Smith's Vitæ quorundam erudit. virorum.--Ath. Ox. vol. II.-Gen, Dict. Biog. Brit. Usher's Life and Letters.---Life by Dr. Birch.---Ward's Grosham Professors.

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Suffolk, and soon after was appointed one of his majesty's chaplains. In June 1750, on the death of dean Castle, master of Bene't college, a majority of the fellows (after the headship had been declined by their president, Mr. Scottowe) agreed to apply to archbishop Herring for his recommendation; and his grace, at the particular request of the duke of Newcastle, recommended professor Green, who was immediately elected. Among the writers on the subject of the new regulations proposed by the chancellor, and established by the senate, Dr. Green took an active part, in a pamphlet published in the following winter, 1750, without his name, entitled “ The Academic, or a disputation on the state of the university of Cambridge.” On. March 22, 1751, when his friend Dr. Keene, master of St. Peter's college, was promoted to the bishopric of Chester, Dr. Green preached the consecration-sermon in Elyhouse chapel, which, by order of the archbishop of York, was soon after published. In October 1756, on the death of Dr. George, he was preferred to the deanery of Lincoln, and resigned his professorship. Being then eligible to the office of vice-chancellor, he was chosen in November folJowing. In June 1761, the dean exerted his polemical talents in two letters (published without his name)" on the principles and practices of the Methodists,” the first ad,, dressed to Mr. Berridge, and the second to Mr. Whitfield. On the translation of bishop Thomas to the bishopric of Salisbury, Green was promoted to the see of Lincoln, the last mark of favour which the duke of Newcastle had it in his power to shew him. In 1762, archbishop Secker (who had always a just esteem for his talents and abilities) being indisposed, the bishop of Lincoln visited as his proxy the diocese of Canterbury. In 1763 he preached the 30th of January, sermon before the house of lords, which was printed.

The bishop resigned the mastership of Bene't college in July 1764. After the death of lord Willoughby of Parham in 1765, the literary conversation meetings of the royal society, &c. which used to be held weekly at his lordship's house, were transferred to the bishop of Lincoln's in Scotland yard, as one of their most accomplished members, In July 1771, on a representation to his majesty, that, with distinguished learning and abilities, and a most extensive diocese, bishop Green (having no commendam) had a very inadequate income, he was presented to the residentiary,

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